keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Atresia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232532/reconsideration-of-laparoscopic-kasai-operation-for-biliary-atresia
#1
Sheng-Yang Huang, Chou-Ming Yeh, Hou-Chuan Chen, Chia-Man Chou
INTRODUCTION: Minimal invasive surgery for all kinds of surgical diseases had been practiced for years. The laparoscopic Kasai operation is one of the most challenging procedures and remains controversial for treating biliary atresia (BA). PURPOSE: This work presented the initial experience of our Institute and compared the outcomes of open and laparoscopic Kasai operations for BA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients 18 years old and younger, and were operated in our Institute for BA from January 2011 to August 2017, were included in this study...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232005/x-linked-vacterl-h-caused-by-deletion-of-exon-3-in-fancb-a-case-report
#2
Norikazu Watanabe, Seiji Tsutsumi, Yuki Miyano, Hidenori Sato, Satoru Nagase
VACTERL is a congenital malformation characterized by vertebral defects (V), anal atresia (A), cardiac malformation (C), tracheoesophageal fistula (T), esophageal atresia (E), radial or renal dysplasia (R), and limb abnormalities (L) (McCauley et al. 2011). An association of VACTERL with ventriculomegaly or clinical hydrocephalus, known as VACTERL-H, was reported to have poor prognosis. Here, we report a case of VACTERL-H with an X-linked family history and a deleted exon 3 in FANCB.
December 12, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229882/igf1-stimulates-differentiation-of-primary-follicles-and-their-growth-in-ovarian-explants-of-zebrafish-danio-rerio-cultured-in-vitro
#3
Pancharatna A Katti, Sheetal S Narvekar, Basavaraj B Goundadkar, Prasad A Deshpande
The present study is an attempt to elucidate the involvement of insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) in the differentiation and growth of primary follicles in ovarian explant cultures of zebrafish. Ovaries from adult females were cultured in triplicate sets/treatment group for 15 days at 22° in the laboratory. Culture medium was supplemented with either insulin (1 ng/mL) or IGF1 (1 ng/mL) or insulin + IGF1 (Experiment 1) or 0.1 or 1.0 or 10 ng/mL of IGF1 (Experiment 2). Ovaries cultured in medium alone served as controls and those fixed at the beginning of the culture as initial controls...
December 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229483/outcomes-of-fundoplication-in-oesophageal-atresia-associated-gastrooesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
Antti I Koivusalo, Risto J Rintala, Mikko P Pakarinen
AIM OF THE STUDY: Conservative management of gastrooesophageal reflux (GORD) in oesophageal atresia (OA) is sometimes inefficient, and fundoplication is required. We assessed the outcomes of fundoplication among OA patients from 1980 to 2016. METHODS: After ethical consent, hospital records of 290 patients, including 22 referred patients, were reviewed. Included were 262 patients with end-to-end repair. Excluded were patients who underwent oesophageal reconstruction (n=23) or no repair (n=5)...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229480/liver-transplantation-for-deterioration-in-native-liver-function-after-portoenterostomy-for-biliary-atresia-in-japan-short-versus-long-term-survivors
#5
Takanori Ochi, Hiroki Nakamura, Momoko Wada, Tsuyoshi Tamura, Hiroyuki Koga, Tadaharu Okazaki, Masahiko Urao, Yoichi Ishizaki, Seiji Kawasaki, Mureo Kasahara, Koichi Mizuta, Geoffrey J Lane, Atsuyuki Yamataka
PURPOSE: We reviewed our post-Kasai portoenterostomy biliary atresia (BA) patients who required liver transplantation (LTx) for deterioration in native liver (NL) function to investigate mortality in relation to age at LTx. METHODS: BA patients indicated for LTx when less than 18years old (U18; n=17) and when 18 or older (18+; n=13) were compared. All achieved jaundice clearance postoperatively (TBil ≤1.2mg/dL (≈20μmol/L)). RESULTS: In U18, living-donor (LD) LTxs were performed at a median of 6...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227451/cartilage-conduction-hearing-aids-for-severe-conduction-hearing-loss
#6
Tadashi Nishimura, Hiroshi Hosoi, Osamu Saito, Ryota Shimokura, Toshiaki Yamanaka, Tadashi Kitahara
OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefits of a new type of hearing aid using cartilage conduction (CC) in patients with severe conduction hearing loss and evaluate its potential for practical use. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive, prospective case series. PATIENTS: Forty-one subjects (21 with bilateral aural atresia; 15 with unilateral aural atresia; and 5 others) participated in this study. INTERVENTION: Fitting and gain adjustments of the CC hearing aids were performed to the ear(s) with conduction hearing loss...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224798/slide-esophagoplasty-vs-end-to-end-anastomosis-for-recalcitrant-esophageal-stricture-after-esophageal-atresia-repair
#7
Ali Kamran, Charles J Smithers, Michael A Manfredi, Thomas E Hamilton, Peter D Ngo, David Zurakowski, Russell W Jennings
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic stricture is a common complication following esophageal atresia (EA) repair. Patients with a recalcitrant stricture may require surgical intervention. The technique of re-anastomosis after stricture resection can affect patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: EA patients who underwent anastomotic stricture resection from July 2010 to February 2017 were reviewed. Patients after stricture resection in which slide esophagoplasty was performed were compared to the conventional approach of end-to-end anastomosis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224788/long-term-intestinal-obstruction-sequelae-and-growth-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-operated-for-meconium-ileus-expectancies-and-surprises
#8
Anastasia Mentessidou, Ioanna Loukou, Georgios Kampouroglou, Anastasia Livani, Ioannis Georgopoulos, Petros Mirilas
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In the few studies on intestinal complications and growth of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with a history of meconium ileus (MI), operated MI has not been investigated separately. We aimed to investigate the incidence of long-term intestinal obstruction sequelae [constipation, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS)] and growth in CF patients operated for MI. METHODS: Retrospective study (1989-2016) including operative diagnoses and procedures, constipation and DIOS events, yearly Body Mass Index (BMI) measurements...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224771/revision-repair-of-type-iv-laryngotracheoesophageal-cleft-using-multiple-long-tapered-engaging-grafts
#9
Evan J Propst
An 8 year-old female with esophageal atresia and a type IV laryngotracheoesophageal cleft underwent tracheostomy, gastric pull-up and fundoplication with G-tube insertion at birth. She remained nil per os due to aspiration. The trachealis was separated from the esophagus that was reapproximated and clavicular periosteum was placed. A long posterior costal cartilage graft that engaged behind the cricoid plate and tapered inferiorly was inserted. A second thin cartilage graft was sutured to it distally to extend the length of the repair...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224761/direct-tracheobronchopexy-via-left-lateral-thoracotomy-for-severe-tracheobronchomalacia
#10
Evan J Propst, Faisal Zawawi, Roxanne E Kirsch, Osami Honjo
An infant with pulmonary atresia/ventricular septal defect/major aortopulmonary collateral arteries underwent unifocalization, ventriculoseptal defect closure and placement of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit via median sternotomy. Aortopexy and pulmonary arteriopexy via redo sternotomy were insufficient to allow weaning of continuous positive airway pressure and he required direct tracheobronchopexy via left lateral thoracotomy to alleviate posterior trachealis intrusion along the length of the trachea and left main bronchus...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221637/effect-of-previous-abdominal-surgery-and-gallbladder-appearance-on-biliary-atresia-outcomes
#11
Ayman Goneidy, Evelyn Geok Peng Ong
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is typically treated by Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE), and there is a relationship between age at surgery and outcome. We hypothesize that previous abdominal surgery (PAS) for associated congenital intestinal conditions could be used to identify BA earlier, perhaps improving prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed of all BA patients at a single centre from 1999 to 2016. Demographics and clinical outcome data were collected...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217941/intestinal-obstruction-in-early-neonatal-period-a-3-year-review-of-admitted-cases-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia
#12
Mustefa Mohammed, Tadesse Amezene, Moges Tamirat
Background: Failure to pass meconium by a full-term neonate within the first 24 hours should raise a suspicion of bowel obstruction. The objective of this study was to determine pattern of presentation, diagnosis and outcome of management of intestinal obstruction in the early neonatal period in the Neonatal Care Unit of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Retrospective chart review of admitted cases from January 2011 to December 2013 was done...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217746/semiautomated-middle-ear-volume-measurement-as-a-predictor-of-postsurgical-outcomes-for-congenital-aural-atresia
#13
S J Kabadi, D S Ruhl, S Mukherjee, B W Kesser
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Middle ear space is one of the most important components of the Jahrsdoerfer grading system (J-score), which is used to determine surgical candidacy for congenital aural atresia. The purpose of this study was to introduce a semiautomated method for measuring middle ear volume and determine whether middle ear volume, either alone or in combination with the J-score, can be used to predict early postoperative audiometric outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 18 patients who underwent an operation for unilateral congenital aural atresia at our institution...
December 7, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217321/bronchoscopy-as-a-screening-tool-for-symptomatic-tracheomalacia-in-oesophageal-atresia
#14
Hemanshoo Thakkar, Manasvi Upadhyaya, Iain E Yardley
AIM: Oesophagealatresia/tracheo-oesophageal fistula (OA-TOF) is associated with tracheomalacia (TM). In our institution it is routine for OA-TOF patients to undergo dynamic flexible bronchoscopy (DFB) assessing both the site of the fistula and the presence or absence of TM. We aimed to determine the value of this investigation as a screening tool to predict subsequent symptomatic tracheomalacia in these patients. METHODS: All patients with OA-TOF who underwent DFB at the time of initial repair between June 2014 and November 2016 were included prospectively...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216021/long-term-results-and-quality-of-life-assessment-in-biliary-atresia-patients-a-35-year-experience-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#15
Carol Wing Yan Wong, Patrick Ho Yu Chung, Paul Kwong Hang Tam, Kenneth Kak Yuen Wong
OBJECTIVES: To review long-term transplant-free survival and quality of life of patients with biliary atresia. METHODS: A retrospective study reviewing all patients with Kasai operation between 1 January 1980 and 31 December 2015 was performed to evaluate the transplant-free survival. Subgroup analysis of patients over 20 years old was carried out to assess the quality of life using the Short Form-36 Health Survey and incidences of disease-related complications...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212093/chewing-function-in-children-with-repaired-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#16
Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman, Feridun Cahit Tanyel, Tutku Soyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209118/chronic-liver-disease-is-universal-in-children-with-biliary-atresia-living-with-native-liver
#17
Way Seah Lee, Sik Yong Ong, Hee Wei Foo, Shin Yee Wong, Chen Xi Kong, Ru Bin Seah, Ruey Terng Ng
AIM: To examine the medical status of children with biliary atresia (BA) surviving with native livers. METHODS: In this cross-sectional review, data collected included complications of chronic liver disease (CLD) (cholangitis in the preceding 12 mo, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, fractures, hepatopulmonary syndrome, portopulmonary hypertension) and laboratory indices (white cell and platelet counts, total bilirubin, albumin, international normalized ratio, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase)...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207800/right-pulmonary-venous-atresia-a-rare-cause-for-recurrent-unilateral-pneumonia
#18
Prashant P Patil
Recurrent unilateral pneumonia poses a diagnostic dilemma for all paediatricians. Isolated pulmonary venous atresia is an uncommon entity, which presents with recurrent unilateral pulmonary infections, dyspnoea on exertion and haemoptysis. It is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Owing to rarity of condition, there may be some difficulties in the diagnosis and therapy. Pulmonary angiography is the investigation of choice. However, the current multislice CT scanners may obviate the need for pulmonary angiography...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207291/transcriptome-analysis-of-ovine-granulosa-cells-reveals-differences-between-small-antral-follicles-collected-during-the-follicular-and-luteal-phases
#19
Reza Talebi, Ahmad Ahmadi, Fazlollah Afraz, Julien Sarry, Florence Plisson-Petit, Carine Genêt, Stéphane Fabre
Ovarian follicular growth occurs in both the follicular and luteal phases of the estrous cycle but in very different endocrine contexts. In both phases, many small antral follicles with similar morphologic and histologic characteristics are present within the ovaries as a reserve for the terminal folliculogenesis. However, there are several gaps in our molecular knowledge of the gene expression profiles of small antral follicles in the follicular and luteal phases. The aim of the present study was to use RNA sequencing to compare and analyze the global transcriptional profile of ovine granulosa cells collected from small antral follicles (1-3 mm) either during the follicular or the luteal phase of the estrous cycle, with the hypothesis that they should be differential...
November 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205955/selection-of-antioxidants-against-ovarian-oxidative-stress-in-mouse-model
#20
Bojiang Li, Qiannan Weng, Zequn Liu, Ming Shen, Jiaqing Zhang, Wangjun Wu, Honglin Liu
Oxidative stress (OS) plays an important role in the process of ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis and follicular atresia. The aim of this study was to select antioxidant against OS in ovary tissue. Firstly, we chose the six antioxidants and analyzed the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in the ovary tissue. The results showed that proanthocyanidins, gallic acid, curcumin, and carotene decrease the ROS level compared with control group. We further demonstrated that both proanthocyanidins and gallic acid increase the antioxidant enzymes activity...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
keyword
keyword
55800
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"