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Pneumoperitoneum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446929/comparison-of-harmonic-scalpel-and-ligasure-devices-in-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#1
Serdar Kirmizi, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Servet Karagul, Ali Tardu, Ismail Ertugrul, Fatih Sumer, Mehmet Ali Yagci
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is one of the most preferred bariatric procedures in the world for surgical treatment of morbid obesity. The Harmonic scalpel (HS) and LigaSure (LS) are the most commonly used devices in laparoscopic surgery. As far as we know, there is no comparative study of the two energy devices in LRYGB for morbid obesity. AIM: To compare the intraoperative performances of the two energy devices in LRYGB for morbid obesity...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441065/the-effect-of-sterilization-methods-of-endoscopic-instruments-on-the-body-a-study-on-rat-model
#2
Adnan Hut, Dogan Yildirim, Turgut Donmez, Cihad Tatar, Semih Mirapoglu, Rukiye Nilgun Erdogan, Zumrut Mine Isık Saglam, Huseyin Kilincaslan
PURPOSE: Laparoscopy is widely used in many surgical areas for diagnosis and treatment. The need for sterilization of reusable instruments is an important issue. Ensuring patient safety, preventing infection, and protecting the functionality of the instruments are the most important points to be considered. We aimed to investigate two sterilization methods and their effects generated by their distribution into intra-abdominal tissues during insufflation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 21 rats were used in the study...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439426/is-it-possible-to-differentiate-between-pseudopneumoperitoneum-and-similar-pathologies-ultrasonographically
#3
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
AIM: The goal of the work was comparing gas ultrasound images below the right diaphragm in two groups: in people with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm and ones with pneumoperitoneum and extracting the traits differentiating these two conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospectively, the documentation of 22 patients with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm (group 1) was utilized. Clinical material was used for comparison, previously published, composed of 15 cases of pneumoperitoneum following laparotomy and of 14 cases following that symptom as a result of ulcer perforation - group 2 (in total n = 29)...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436060/pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-neurological-impairment-a-patient-group-with-a-management-dilemma
#4
Karim Awad, Melissa Short, Anindya Niyogi, Gareth Hosie, Alok Godse
AIM: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is uncommon in school-age children. We studied a cohort of neurologically impaired school-age children with PI to formulate an optimum management plan. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all school-age children who were referred to paediatric surgeons with radiological evidence of PI identified between 2011 and 2015. We analysed data on patient demographics, medications, feeding, associated comorbidities, presentation, investigations and treatments...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434039/outcome-of-stoma-closure-in-babies-with-necrotising-enterocolitis-early-vs-late-closure
#5
Debasish Bijoykrishna Banerjee, Hasanthi Vithana, Shilpa Sharma, Thomas Tat Ming Tsang
Newborns undergoing surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) often require a stoma. Currently, there is no consensus regarding the best time for stoma closure (SC). Our aim was to determine the outcomes of early versus late closure. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent SC following stoma formation for NEC between Jan 2009 and July 2015 was done. Early (EC) versus late closure (LC) was defined as less than 10 weeks versus at or after 10 weeks of stoma formation...
April 22, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431130/safety-concerns-with-thoracoabdominal-acupuncture-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-emergency-department
#6
Hak Jin Lee, Youn-Jung Kim, Won Young Kim
Objective.:  To evaluate serious complications caused by acupuncture treatment and to increase awareness of this complication. Design.:  A retrospective observational study. Setting. : At the emergency department of a tertiary hospital in an urban area during a five-year period (2010-2014) in Seoul, Korea. Subjects.:  Patients with postacupuncture mechanical complications in the thoracoabdominal region. Methods...
April 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430689/perioperative-outcomes-of-robotic-assisted-hysterectomy-compared-with-open-hysterectomy
#7
Bhargavi Gali, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez, David J Plevak, Darrell Schroeder, Timothy O Wilson, Christopher J Jankowski
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of robotic hysterectomies (RH) are being performed. To provide ventilation (with pneumoperitoneum and steep Trendelenburg position) for these procedures, utilization of lung protective strategies with limiting airway pressures and tidal volumes is difficult. Little is known about the effects of intraoperative mechanical ventilation and high peak airway pressures on perioperative complications. We performed a retrospective review to determine whether patients undergoing RH had increased pulmonary complications compared to total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH)...
April 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424872/percutaneous-endoscopic-sigmoidopexy-using-t-fasteners-for-management-of-sigmoid-volvulus
#8
Kevin Tin, Zain A Sobani, Nnaemeka Anyadike, Anna Serur, Ira Mayer, Kadirawel Iswara, Yuriy Tsirlin
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is the third leading cause of large bowel obstruction after colonic neoplasms and diverticular disease. SV has traditionally been managed via endoscopic detorsion and decompression followed by non-emergent surgical resection owing to the high risk of recurrence. Most cases of SV occur in elderly debilitated patients with multiple comorbidities and may not be candidates for surgical resection. Endoscopic sigmoidopexy has been described as an alternative to surgical resection...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412755/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-the-effects-of-sevoflurane-and-propofol-on-carbon-dioxide-embolism-during-pneumoperitoneum-in-laparoscopic-hepatectomy
#9
Yu Hong, Yu Xin, Fei Yue, He Qi, Cai Jun
Laparoscopic hepatectomy carries a high risk of gas embolism due to the extensive hepatic transection plane and large hepatic vena cava. Here, we compared the influence of inhaled and intravenous anesthetics on gas embolism during laparoscopic hepatectomy. Fifty patients undergoing laparoscopic hepatectomy were divided into two groups to receive sevoflurane anesthesia (group S, n = 25) or intravenous propofol anesthesia (group p, n = 25). During the operation, gas emboli were detected by transesophageal echocardiography and graded according to their size...
February 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410629/conservative-management-of-massive-pneumoperitoneum-after-argon-plasma-coagulation
#10
Laura Fernández Gómez-Cruzado, Mikel Prieto Calvo, Eva Alonso Calderón, Jasone Larrea Oleaga, Teresa Marquina Tobalina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391622/can-the-sensimed-triggerfish-%C3%A2-lens-data-be-used-as-an-accurate-measure-of-intraocular-pressure
#11
Parveen Vitish-Sharma, Austin G Acheson, Richard Stead, John Sharp, Ali Abbas, Marta Hovan, Charles Maxwell-Armstrong, Boliang Guo, Anthony J King
PURPOSE: The SENSIMED Triggerfish(®) contact lens sensor (CLS) has an embedded micro-sensor that captures spontaneous circumferential changes at the corneoscleral junction and transmits them via an antenna to a device where these measurements are stored. During laparoscopic colorectal surgery, patients are placed in Trendelenburg position which has been shown to increase intraocular pressure (IOP). Laparoscopic colorectal surgery requires both pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg positioning; therefore, IOP can vary significantly...
April 9, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390062/outcome-of-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-resection-of-unilateral-noninvasive-adrenocortical-tumors-in-11-cats
#12
Jeffrey W Mitchell, Philipp D Mayhew, William T N Culp, J Brad Case, Ameet Singh, Mark C Fuller, Ann Della Maggiore
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) in cats with adrenocortical neoplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eleven client-owned cats with unilateral adrenal tumors. METHODS: Medical records of cats that underwent LA for unilateral functional adrenal tumors at 3 veterinary teaching hospitals were reviewed. Data collected included signalment, clinical signs, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, preoperative laboratory tests, laparoscopic port placement and techniques, duration of anesthesia and surgery, complications, concomitant procedures, need for conversion to an open celiotomy, histopathological diagnosis, and postoperative survival...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389805/a-multicentric-prospective-study-evaluating-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-kii-%C3%A2-fios-%C3%A2-first-entry-trocar-in-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#13
Marcelo Loureiro, Mohamad Ramadan, El Mehdi Skalli, Pierre Blanc, Jean Michel Fabre, David Nocca
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery has evolved as an important field of surgery due to its clear benefits when compared to open laparotomy surgery. However, specific complications of laparoscopic surgery have been reported, of which the majority are complications associated with first entry to the abdominal cavity. The emergence of bariatric surgery, combined with the special considerations of the abdominal wall and cavity of obese patients, leads to seeking new modalities of access to the abdominal cavity in this specific population...
April 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389799/effects-of-hypercapnia-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-surgery-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Ji-Seon Son, Ji-Yun Oh, Seonghoon Ko
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The use of CO2 pneumoperitoneum has been proposed as a potential cause of high PONV incidence. However, intraoperative hypercarbia may be related to enhanced perfusion to the main effector sites for PONV, including the brain and gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we investigated whether an increase in intraoperative CO2 partial pressure in arterial blood (PaCO2) reduces the incidence of PONV...
April 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387996/porosity-and-tissue-integration-of-elastic-mesh-implants-evaluated-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#15
Alexander Ciritsis, Andreas Horbach, Manfred Staat, Christiane K Kuhl, Nils Andreas Kraemer
PURPOSE: In vivo, a loss of mesh porosity triggers scar tissue formation and restricts functionality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the properties and configuration changes as mesh deformation and mesh shrinkage of a soft mesh implant compared with a conventional stiff mesh implant in vitro and in a porcine model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tensile tests and digital image correlation were used to determine the textile porosity for both mesh types in vitro...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387055/feasibility-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-patients-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt
#16
Terukazu Yoshihara, Yoshito Tomimaru, Kozo Noguchi, Hirotsugu Nagase, Atsushi Hamabe, Masashi Hirota, Kazuteru Oshima, Tsukasa Tanida, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Kenzo Akagi, Keizo Dono
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports of laparoscopic surgery in patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts for intracranial hypertension described shunt-related complications. Thus, the shunts have been considered a contraindication for laparoscopic procedures. However, with the implementation of recent improvements in surgical techniques, perioperative management, and shunt technology, laparoscopic surgery may now be safe in cases with shunts. The aim of the present study was to examine the safety of such procedures based on our own experiences with laparoscopic surgery in patients with CSF shunts...
April 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384963/effect-of-pneumoperitoneum-and-lateral-position-on-oropharyngeal-seal-pressures-of-proseal-lma-in-laparoscopic-urological-procedures
#17
Preeti Rustagi, Geeta A Patkar, Anil Kumar Ourasang, Bharati A Tendolkar
INTRODUCTION: A sustained and effective oropharyngeal sealing with supraglottic airway is required to maintain the ventilation during laparoscopic surgery. Previous studies have observed the Oropharyngeal Seal Pressure (OSP) for Proseal Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) after pneumoperitoneum in supine and trendelenburg position, where PLMA was found to be an effective airway device. This study was conducted with ProSeal LMA, for laparoscopic Urologic procedures done in lateral position. AIM: To measure OSP in supine and lateral position and to observe the effect of pneumoperitoneum in lateral position on OSP...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378083/minor-laparoscopic-liver-resection-toward-1-day-surgery
#18
Nicola de'Angelis, Benjamin Menahem, Philippe Compagnon, Jean Claude Merle, Francesco Brunetti, Alain Luciani, Daniel Cherqui, Alexis Laurent
BACKGROUND: Technical advances in laparoscopy and enhanced recovery after surgery programs have progressively decreased the need for hospitalization. The present study aimed to explore the feasibility and safety of an early discharge protocol after minor laparoscopic liver resection (LLR). METHODS: The study sample consisted of patients with both benign and malignant hepatic lesions involving no more than two hepatic segments who underwent minor LLR and were discharged within 24 h...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375471/submucosal-tunneling-endoscopic-resection-using-methylene-blue-guidance-for-cardial-subepithelial-tumors-originating-from-the-muscularis-propria-layer
#19
X-L Mao, L-P Ye, H-H Zheng, X-B Zhou, L-H Zhu, Y Zhang
Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) of subepithelial tumors (SETs) originating from the muscularis propria (MP) layer in the cardia is rarely performed due to the difficulty of creating a submucosal tunnel for resection. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of STER using methylene-blue guidance for SETs originating from the MP layer in the cardia. From January 2012 to December 2014, 56 patients with SETs originating from the MP layer in the cardia were treated with STER using methylene-blue guidance...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374886/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-versus-inhalational-anaesthesia-for-adults-undergoing-transabdominal-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Suzanne Forsyth Herling, Bjørn Dreijer, Gitte Wrist Lam, Thordis Thomsen, Ann Merete Møller
BACKGROUND: Rapid implementation of robotic transabdominal surgery has resulted in the need for re-evaluation of the most suitable form of anaesthesia. The overall objective of anaesthesia is to minimize perioperative risk and discomfort for patients both during and after surgery. Anaesthesia for patients undergoing robotic assisted surgery is different from anaesthesia for patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery; new anaesthetic concerns accompany robotic assisted surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes related to the choice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery...
April 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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