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Pneumoperitoneum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540189/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-a-child-using-slender-forceps
#1
Kazuaki Shibuya, Hideki Kawamura, Munenorix Tahara, Masahiro Takahashi, Akinobu Taketomi
Laparoscopic procedures in children are technically demanding because of reduced working space with careful monitoring of pneumoperitoneum pressure. We report a case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed in a 9-year-old boy using slender forceps which addressed all the above mentioned concerns. This shows a possibility of needlescopic surgery in children.
May 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539301/-anesthesia-management-in-robotic-assisted-esophagectomy-with-triple-incisions-analysis-of-53-cases
#2
Xiao-Qing Liu, Tian-Hua Zhang, Jing Cheng, Hui-Ting Li, Long-Hui Cao, Zi-Hui Tan, Wen-Qian Lin
Between March, 2016 and January, 2017, 53 patients underwent robotic-assisted esophagectomy with triple incisions. All the patients were intubated with Double lumen endotracheal tub with one-lung ventilation and CO2 pneumoperitoneum, and CO2 pneumothorax was used in 7 cases. Most of the patients could tolerate OLV and CO2 pneumoperitoneum, and 4 patients with CO2 pneumothorax had hypoxemia and required double-lung ventilation or high frequency ventilation; 15 patients developed postoperative pulmonary complications and were transferred to ICU...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530784/rectosigmoidoscopy-complicated-by-bilateral-pneumothoraces-pneumomediastinum-pneumoperitoneum-pneumoretroperitoneum-and-pneumoderma
#3
Elvin Hekimoğlu, Akif Turna, Volkan Kara, Ahmet Demirkaya, Kamil Kaynak
Rectosigmoidoscopy is a common procedure for diagnosis and follow-up of diseases of the lower gastrointestinal system. Although the procedure is proven to be safe in experienced hands, there is always risk of complications. We report a case of bilateral pneumothoraces, pneumoperitonium, pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, and pneumoderma due to perforation during a rectosigmoidoscopy. Co-occurrence of all these in 1 patient is a very rare clinical condition. This report underlines the possibility of even the rarest and unexpected complications related to rectosigmoidoscopy...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530620/-laparoscopic-ureteral-reimplantation
#4
Iván González Rodríguez, Rodrigo Gil Ugarteburu, Sergio Fernández-Pello Montes, Begoña Díaz Méndez, Rebeca Blanco Fernández, Javier Mosquera Madera
Although the laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (LUR) has a history of over 20 years, its presence in the literature is relatively sparse, almost always in the form of small case series with low statistical power, which has prevented consistent results. It has proven to be a safe and effective technique, improving the safety profile and perioperative complications compared to open ureteral reimplantation (OUR). The few long-term results suggest a similar success rate between the open and laparoscopic approaches...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530215/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-after-intravenous-epinephrine-administration-following-cardiac-arrest-provoked-by-pneumoperitoneum-a-case-report
#5
Waldemar Elikowski, Malgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Jacek Karoń, Maria Mrozińska, Alina Baszko, Karolina Horbacka
In stress-induced takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) high levels of catecholamines, including epinephrine, may be detected in blood. On the other hand, administration of exogenous epinephrine may occasionally result in TC. A CASE REPORT: The authors describe a case of a 58-year-old, otherwise healthy female, with TC which occurred after intravenous injection of 1 mg of epinephrine against cardiac arrest provoked by pneumoperitoneum performed before planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy. She was admitted 3 days earlier due to biliary colic following a dietary mistake...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523135/use-of-co2-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-single-lumen-endotracheal-tube-a-new-less-invasive-approach
#6
REVIEW
Javier Gallego-Poveda, Nuno Carvalho Guerra, Catarina Carvalheiro, Hugo Ferreira, André Sena, Nádia Junqueira, Tiago Rodrigues Velho, Ângelo Nobre
Carbon dioxide (CO2) has been extensively used to allow laparoscopic procedures, due to its extensive advantages in obtaining a fairly innocuous pneumoperitoneum to allow visceral dissection. Its use in video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has seldom been described. We present our experience in more than 100 patients, operated for various thoracic pathologies, in whom we created a surgical pneumothorax to allow different surgeries to be undertaken.
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511304/-impact-of-carbon-dioxide-pneumoperitoneum-in-operating-rooms-on-the-health-of-medical-staffs
#7
W G Chen, H Shan, J M Ye, P W Zhang, K L Jin, K Lin, W J Chu
Objective: To evaluate the impact of CO(2) pneumoperitoneum in operating rooms on the health of medical staffs. Methods: In June 2016, the thirty-three medical staffs in operating rooms were chosen as the object of the research.Seventeen people who took part in the pneumoperitoneum operation were selected as a exposure group and sixteen people who took part in the laparotomy operation were selected as a control group.Vital signs and arterial blood gases of medical staffs in the two groups were both measured in pre-operation and post-operation...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497325/the-effect-of-pressure-controlled-inverse-ratio-ventilation-on-lung-protection-in-obese-patients-undergoing-gynecological-laparoscopic-surgery
#8
Lili Xu, Jianjun Shen, Min Yan
SPECIFIC AIM: To examine the effects of pressure-controlled inverse ratio ventilation (PCIRV) and volume-control ventilation (VCV) on arterial oxygenation, pulmonary function, hemodynamics, levels of surfactant protein A (SP-A), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in obese patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients, body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2), scheduled for elective gynecological laparoscopic surgery were enrolled in the study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492353/laparoscopy-using-room-air-insufflation-in-a-rural-african-jungle-hospital-the-bongolo-hospital-experience-january-2006-to-december-2013
#9
Zachary O'Connor, Marco Faniriko, Keir Thelander, Jennifer O'Connor, David Thompson, Adrian Park
INTRODUCTION: Carbon dioxide is the standard insufflation gas for laparoscopy. However, in many areas of the world, bottled carbon dioxide is not available. Laparoscopy offers advantages over open surgery and has been practiced using filtered room air insufflation since 2006 at Bongolo Hospital in Gabon, Africa. OBJECTIVE: Our primary goal was to evaluate the safety of room air insufflation related to intraoperative and postoperative complications. Our secondary aim was to review the types of cases performed laparoscopically at our institution...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488072/modified-components-separation-technique-experience-treating-large-complex-ventral-hernias-at-a-university-hospital
#10
A Torregrosa-Gallud, J Sancho Muriel, J Bueno-Lledó, P García Pastor, J Iserte-Hernandez, S Bonafé-Diana, O Carreño-Sáenz, F Carbonell-Tatay
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients have large or complex abdominal wall defects. Component separation technique (CST) is a very effective method for reconstructing complex midline abdominal wall defects in a manner that restores innervated muscle function without excessive tension. Our goal is to show our results by a modified CST for treating large ventral hernias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 351 patients with complex ventral hernias have been treated over a 10-year period...
May 9, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480721/a-rare-cause-of-emphysematous-infectious-gastritis
#11
Jorge Galván Fernández, Maria Isabel Jiménez Cuenca, Isabel Molpeceres Martínez, María Luisa Álvarez-Quiñones
A 61 year-old man with a history of hypertension, type2 diabetes, chronic renal failure, tuberculosis and peripheral arterial disease presented with gangrene in the right leg. A right supracondylar amputation was performed, despite which the patient continued with a high fever, oliguria and hypotension (90/50). Laboratory work-up showed neutrophilic leukocytosis and metabolic acidosis. CT revealed pneumoperitoneum, emphysema and thickening of the gastric wall. Changing the CT window we can appreciate air dissecting the layers of the gastric wall...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473301/diffuse-pneumatosis-intestinalis-and-pneumoperitoneum
#12
Ismael Mora-Guzmán, José Luis Muñoz de Nova, Lourdes Del Campo Del Val, Elena Martín-Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472969/perforated-acute-appendicitis-with-no-peritonitis-in-a-premature-baby-a-case-report
#13
Fayza Haider, Barrak Ayoub, Mariam Al Kooheji, Mona Al Juffairi, Safa Al-Shaikh
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis in a neonate and premature baby is still considered a rare entity as diagnosis is always made after surgical exploration for acute abdominal findings mimicking necrotizing enterocolitis. Our reported case is a premature baby who had a perforated appendix with no evidence of peritonitis. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a premature Bahraini girl born at 29 weeks of gestation by spontaneous vaginal delivery to a 39-year-old G6P5 mother...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461176/bilateral-otorrhagia-after-robotically-assisted-gynecologic-surgery-in-the-setting-of-a-reduced-trendelenburg-position-and-low-pressure-pneumoperitoneum-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Alessia Aloisi, Julianna E Pesce, Sarah E Paraghamian, Dennis S Chi, Elizabeth F Rieth
Perioperative otorrhagia in association with non-otolaryngologic surgery is rare. The cause is typically attributed to the physiologic derangements associated with the Trendelenburg position and pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery. The most well-accepted etiology is an increase in arterial and venous pressures causing the rupture of subcutaneous capillaries, although the exact etiology remains unclear. We present the first reported case of bilateral spontaneous otorrhagia associated with robotically assisted laparoscopic surgery involving a reduced Trendelenburg position and low-pressure pneumoperitoneum...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459083/midgut-volvulus-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy
#15
Diana Martins, Paula Sousa, Juliana Pinho, Joana Ruivo, Ricardo Araújo, Eugénia Cancela, António Castanheira, Paula Ministro, Américo Silva
We report a 47-year-old man who underwent endoscopic gastrostomy placement due to feeding refusal and regurgitation. Procedure was unremarkable. Two days later, the patient presented signs of intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography imaging showed a well-positioned gastrostomy tube, small pneumoperitoneum, and small bowel volvulus (SBV) in the upper right abdomen with proximal small bowel dilated loops. Exploratory laparotomy revealed mesenteric torsion, leading to SBV, with no evidence of intestinal malrotation...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452822/a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-valveless-trocar-on-respiratory-mechanics-during-robotic-radical-cystectomy-a-pilot-study
#16
Marco Covotta, Claudia Claroni, Giulia Torregiani, Alessia Naccarato, Susanna Tribuzi, Antonio Zinilli, Ester Forastiere
BACKGROUND: Prolonged pneumoperitoneum and Trendelenburg positioning for robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) are essential for optimizing visualization of the operative field, although they worsen hemodynamic and respiratory function. Our hypothesis is that the use of a valveless trocar (VT) may improve respiratory mechanics. METHODS: In this prospective, 2-arm parallel trial, patients ASA II to III undergoing RARC were randomly assigned into 2 groups: in the VT group, the capnoperitoneum was maintained with a VT; in the control group, the capnoperitoneum was maintained with a standard trocar (ST group)...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450063/diverticulitis-diagnosed-in-the-emergency-room-is-it-safe-to-discharge-home
#17
Anne-Marie E Sirany, Wolfgang B Gaertner, Robert D Madoff, Mary R Kwaan
BACKGROUND: Inpatient treatment of patients with colon diverticulitis represents a significant financial and clinical burden to the healthcare system and patients. The aim of this study was compare patients with diverticulitis in the emergency department (ED) who were discharged to home versus admitted to the hospital. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed all patients evaluated in the ED of a metropolitan health system with the primary diagnosis of diverticulitis (ICD9 562...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446929/comparison-of-harmonic-scalpel-and-ligasure-devices-in-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#18
Serdar Kirmizi, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Servet Karagul, Ali Tardu, Ismail Ertugrul, Fatih Sumer, Mehmet Ali Yagci
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is one of the most preferred bariatric procedures in the world for surgical treatment of morbid obesity. The Harmonic scalpel (HS) and LigaSure (LS) are the most commonly used devices in laparoscopic surgery. As far as we know, there is no comparative study of the two energy devices in LRYGB for morbid obesity. AIM: To compare the intraoperative performances of the two energy devices in LRYGB for morbid obesity...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441065/the-effect-of-sterilization-methods-of-endoscopic-instruments-on-the-body-a-study-on-rat-model
#19
Adnan Hut, Dogan Yildirim, Turgut Donmez, Cihad Tatar, Semih Mirapoglu, Rukiye Nilgun Erdogan, Zumrut Mine Isık Saglam, Huseyin Kilincaslan
PURPOSE: Laparoscopy is widely used in many surgical areas for diagnosis and treatment. The need for sterilization of reusable instruments is an important issue. Ensuring patient safety, preventing infection, and protecting the functionality of the instruments are the most important points to be considered. We aimed to investigate two sterilization methods and their effects generated by their distribution into intra-abdominal tissues during insufflation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 21 rats were used in the study...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439426/is-it-possible-to-differentiate-between-pseudopneumoperitoneum-and-similar-pathologies-ultrasonographically
#20
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
AIM: The goal of the work was comparing gas ultrasound images below the right diaphragm in two groups: in people with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm and ones with pneumoperitoneum and extracting the traits differentiating these two conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospectively, the documentation of 22 patients with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm (group 1) was utilized. Clinical material was used for comparison, previously published, composed of 15 cases of pneumoperitoneum following laparotomy and of 14 cases following that symptom as a result of ulcer perforation - group 2 (in total n = 29)...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
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