keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiovascular accident

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542008/radiation-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-cohort-of-russian-emergency-workers-of-the-chernobyl-accident
#1
V V Kashcheev, S Yu Chekin, S V Karpenko, M A Maksioutov, A N Menyaylo, K A Tumanov, E V Kochergina, P V Kashcheeva, A I Gorsky, N V Shchukina, S S Lovachev, O K Vlasov, V K Ivanov
This paper continues a series of publications that analyze the impact of radiation on incidence of circulatory system diseases in the cohort of Russian recovery operation workers (liquidators) and presents the results of the analysis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. The studied cohort consists of 53,772 liquidators who arrived in the Chernobyl accident zone within the first year after the accident (26 April 1986 to 26 April 1987). The individual doses varied from 0.0001 Gy to 1.42 Gy, and the mean external whole body dose in the cohort was 0...
July 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540852/association-of-polyunsaturated-saturated-fatty-acids-to-metabolic-syndrome-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-lipoprotein-a-in-hypertensive-type-2-diabetic-patients
#2
Amira Fatma Bennacer, Elmahdi Haffaf, Ghouti Kacimi, Brahim Oudjit, Elhadj-Ahmed Koceir
The interactions between fatty acids (FA) classes: polyunsaturated (PUFA-ω6, PUFA-ω3), saturated (SFA), EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid-ω3), DHA (docosahexaenoic-ω3) and cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) clusters, thrombosis development and vascular inflammation are subtle. This relationship is mediated by insulin resistance (IR), endothelial dysfunction, platelet aggregation disorder and atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether PUFA/SFA - PUFA-ω6/PUFA-ω3 ratios and EPA + DHA can be associated with predictive atherothrombogenic biomarkers status in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients with or without hypertension (HT)...
June 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530081/-evaluation-of-the-association-between-antihypertensive-treatment-and-development-of-stroke
#3
Margarita Fraimovitch, Yosef Tzvi, Reuven Zimlichman
INTRODUCTION: An ischemic stroke is an event that occurs due to cerebral vascular disease and is directly related to the degree of vascular damage. This process is associated with atherosclerosis progression and is influenced by the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. AIMS: One of the goals of our research was to examine whether specific medications used for treating hypertension are associated with the development of strokes. METHODS: In a retrospective study of patients who were hospitalized between the years 2003-2008 due to a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or a transient ischemic attack (TIA), 916 cases of stroke patients were reviewed...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518005/safety-considerations-for-medical-staff-and-patients-who-fly-over-water-in-a-helicopter-for-work-or-recreation
#4
Christopher J Brooks, Conor V MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Around 25% of people involved in a helicopter accident in water do not survive. From time to time, physicians and their medical staff are required to fly over water in a helicopter to attend one or more seriously ill patients. Many will have had little or no experience of the issues involved if the helicopter has an accident in the water. Also as Family Practitioners, Aeromedical Examiners, and Flight Surgeons, they are asked to provide advice to patients, travel agents, and airline booking agents about whether an overwater helicopter flight is advisable or not...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489799/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-in-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-and-age-matched-dilated-cardiomyopathy-a-15-year-nationwide-population-based-study-in-asia
#5
Cheng-Hui Lu, Wen-Chen Lee, Michael Wu, Shao-Wei Chen, Jih-Kai Yeh, Chun-Wen Cheng, Katie Pei-Hsuan Wu, Ming-Shien Wen, Tien-Hsing Chen, Victor Chien-Chia Wu
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), often classified as a form of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), is the myocardial dysfunction that occurs in late pregnancy and through the first few postpartum months.The aim of this study is to investigate the differences in the clinical outcomes of PPCM and DCM.Electronic medical records from 1997 to 2011 were retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with PPCM were compared with age- and clinical characteristics-matched patients with DCM...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483775/age-specific-vascular-risk-factor-profiles-according-to-stroke-subtype
#6
Allard J Hauer, Ynte M Ruigrok, Ale Algra, Ewoud J van Dijk, Peter J Koudstaal, Gert-Jan Luijckx, Paul J Nederkoorn, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Marieke C Visser, Marieke J Wermer, L Jaap Kappelle, Catharina J M Klijn
BACKGROUND: Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are increasingly recognized as heterogeneous diseases with distinct subtypes and etiologies. Information on variation in distribution of vascular risk factors according to age in stroke subtypes is limited. We investigated the prevalence of vascular risk factors in stroke subtypes in relation to age. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied a prospective multicenter university hospital-based cohort of 4033 patients. For patients with ischemic stroke caused by large artery atherosclerosis, small vessel disease, or cardioembolism and for patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage or aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, we calculated prevalences of vascular risk factors in 4 age groups: <55, 55 to 65, 65 to 75, and ≥75 years, and mean differences with 95% CIs in relation to the reference age group...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466760/peripheral-arterial-disease-preoperatively-may-predict-graft-failure-and-mortality-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#7
Salma I Patel, Harini A Chakkera, Paul W Wennberg, David A Liedl, Fadi Alrabadi, Stephen S Cha, Darren D Hooley, Hatem Amer, Hani M Wadei, Fadi E Shamoun
Patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing kidney transplant often have diffuse atherosclerosis and high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rates. We analyzed the correlation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), here quantified by an abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) measured within the 5 years prior to kidney transplant, with graft failure and mortality rates (primary end points) after adjusting for known cardiovascular risk factors (age, sex, smoking history, hypertension, diabetes, stroke, known coronary artery disease or heart failure, years of dialysis)...
March 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461159/effect-of-monthly-high-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-falls-and-non-vertebral-fractures-secondary-and-post-hoc-outcomes-from-the-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-vida-trial
#8
Kay-Tee Khaw, Alistair W Stewart, Debbie Waayer, Carlene M M Lawes, Les Toop, Carlos A Camargo, Robert Scragg
BACKGROUND: Adults with low concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) in blood have an increased risk of falls and fractures, but randomised trials of vitamin D supplementation have had inconsistent results. We aimed to assess the effect of high-dose vitamin D supplementation on fractures and falls. METHODS: The Vitamin D Assessment (ViDA) Study was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of healthy volunteers aged 50-84 years conducted at one centre in Auckland, New Zealand...
April 28, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460854/diagonal-earlobe-crease-frank-s-sign-a-predictor-of-cerebral-vascular-events
#9
Saleh Nazzal, Basem Hijazi, Luai Khalila, Arnon Blum
BACKGROUND: Frank's sign was first described in 1973 by an American physician (T. Frank). It is a diagonal crease in the earlobe which starts from the tragus to the edge of the auricle in an angle of 45 degrees in varying depths. Frank sign was described as a predictor of future coronary heart disease and peripheral vascular diseases. The aim of the study was to examine the association between Frank sign and the development of ischemic stroke. METHODS: A prospective study that enrolled consecutive patients admitted with an acute ischemic stroke...
April 28, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447137/-climate-change-physical-and-mental-consequences
#10
REVIEW
Maxie Bunz, Hans-Guido Mücke
Climate change has already had a large influence on the human environmental system and directly or indirectly affects physical and mental health. Triggered by extreme meteorological conditions, for example, storms, floods, earth slides and heat periods, the direct consequences range from illnesses to serious accidents with injuries, or in extreme cases fatalities. Indirectly, a changed environment due to climate change affects, amongst other things, the cardiovascular system and respiratory tract, and can also cause allergies and infectious diseases...
April 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437144/framingham-risk-score-and-estimated-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-by-a-short-term-yoga-based-life-style-intervention
#12
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Kumar Sarvottam, Ritesh Netam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short-term yoga-based life-style intervention program in lowering Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This was a single-arm, pre-post interventional study including data from a historical cohort with low to moderate risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It was conducted in a tertiary-care hospital. Participants with low (0 or 1 CVD risk factors) to moderately high risk (10-year risk between 10% and 20% and two or more CVD risk factors) were included...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420655/syncope-and-its-impact-on-occupational-accidents-and-employment-a-danish-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Anna-Karin Numé, Kristian Kragholm, Nicolas Carlson, Søren L Kristensen, Henrik Bøggild, Mark A Hlatky, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar Gislason, Martin H Ruwald
BACKGROUND: First-time syncopal episodes usually occur in adults of working age, but their impact on occupational safety and employment remains unknown. We examined the associations of syncope with occupational accidents and termination of employment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through linkage of Danish population-based registers, we included all residents 18 to 64 years from 2008 to 2012. Among 3 410 148 eligible individuals, 21 729 with a first-time diagnosis of syncope were identified, with a median age 48...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416195/pitavastatin-versus-pravastatin-in-adults-with-hiv-1-infection-and-dyslipidaemia-intrepid-12-week-and-52-week-results-of-a-phase-4-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-superiority-trial
#14
Judith A Aberg, Craig A Sponseller, Douglas J Ward, Vladimir A Kryzhanovski, Stuart E Campbell, Melanie A Thompson
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV-1 infection are at greater risk for cardiovascular disease than seronegative adults. Treatment of dyslipidaemia with statins has been challenging in people with HIV because of an increased potential for drug interactions due to competing cytochrome P450 metabolism between statins and commonly used antiretroviral agents. Neither pitavastatin nor pravastatin depend on cytochrome P450 for primary metabolism. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of pitavastatin versus pravastatin in adults with HIV and dyslipidaemia...
April 13, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415082/p210long-term-outcome-of-primary-mitral-valve-prolapse-results-from-a-population-of-250-patients-referred-to-a-tertiary-cardiovascular-center
#15
V Mecarocci, F Mori
Background: Outcome of Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) was controversial for long time. Many studies reported great differences in the incidence of cardiovascular events due, above all, to heterogeneous and small studied populations. Most of theme were also published to late '80 of the last century till early '00. Purpose: To make a contemporary survey on the incidence of cardiovascular events in a selected population of patients affected by primary MVP referred to a tertiary cardiovascular center for the medical and surgical care of valvular heart disease...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407414/association-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-glp-1-ra-use-and-rates-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-stroke-and-overall-mortality-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-large-integrated-health-system
#16
Robert S Zimmerman, Todd M Hobbs, Brian J Wells, Sheldon X Kong, Michael W Kattan, Jon Bouchard, Kevin M Chagin, Changhong Yu, Brian Sakurada, Alex Milinovich, Wayne Weng, Janine M Bauman, Kevin M Pantalone
AIMS: To assess the potential impact of GLP-1 RA exposure on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), using a large retrospective cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with T2D between 2005-2014 (N = 105,862) were identified in the electronic health record system at Cleveland Clinic using a validated electronic phenotype. A time-dependent, Cox, multiple regression analysis was used to assess the association between GLP-1 RA exposure and risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke/cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and overall mortality, as well as the composite of all three outcomes...
April 13, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330394/changes-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#17
Tetsuya Ohira, Hironori Nakano, Masato Nagai, Yui Yumiya, Wen Zhang, Mayu Uemura, Akira Sakai, Shigeatsu Hashimoto
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011, and was followed by a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. The government ordered a mandatory evacuation from the high radioactive concentration area in Fukushima. This evacuation may have forced many evacuees to change specific aspects of their lifestyles such as diet and physical activity, which in turn may lead to future incidence of lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). To address this concern, the association between the evacuation and changes in CVD risk factors before and after the disaster was examined in the Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290854/-cardiovascular-complications-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-prevalence-and-pathogenesis
#18
L B Krougly, O A Fomicheva, Yu A Karpov, T V Popkova, D S Novikova, E L Nasonov
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with high risk of cardiovascular events. Among main causes of death in RA are: myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, sudden cardiac death, which are determined by the early development and rapid progression of atherosclerotic vascular lesions. According to studies high risk of cardiovascular events is not explained by only classical risk factors. It is assumed that there are additional mechanisms of development of adverse outcomes such as systemic inflammation, increased arterial stiffness, and endothelial dysfunction...
June 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287807/all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-following-treatment-with-metformin-or-glyburide-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mohammad Reza Raee, Arash Aghajani Nargesi, Behnam Heidari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mehrdad Larry, Soghra Rabizadeh, Mitra Zarifkar, Alireza Esteghamati, Manouchehr Nakhjavani
BACKGROUND: Both metformin and sulfonylurea (SU) drugs are among the most widely-used anti-hyperglycemic medications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Previous studies have shown that treatment with SUs might be associated with decreased survival compared with metformin. This study aimed to evaluate all-cause and cardiovascular mortality rates between glyburide and metformin in patients diagnosed with T2DM. METHODS: This was a cohort study on 717 patients with T2DM (271 undergoing monotherapy with glyburide and 446 with metformin)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287009/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-obstuctive-sleep-apnea-benefits-and-alternatives
#20
Michelle T Cao, Joshua M Sternbach, C Guilleminault
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent condition affecting persons of all age with an increasing public health burden. It is implicated in cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, neurocognitive impairment, reductions in quality of life, and increased motor vehicle accidents. The goals of OSA treatment are to improve sleep and daytime symptoms, and minimize cardiovascular risks.Areas covered: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered the gold standard therapy that delivers pressurized air into the upper airway to relieve obstruction during sleep...
April 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
keyword
keyword
55792
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"