keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Immune modulatory agents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299156/inhibition-of-pi4k-iii%C3%AE-radiosensitizes-in-human-tumor-xenograft-and-immune-competent-syngeneic-murine-tumor-model
#1
Younghee Park, Ji Min Park, Dan Hyo Kim, Jeanny Kwon, In Ah Kim
Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4-kinase (PI4K) has emerged as a potential target for anti-cancer treatment. We recently reported that simeprevir, an anti-hepatitis C viral (HCV) agent, radiosensitized diverse human cancer cells by inhibiting PI4K IIIα in vitro. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of simeprevir in an in vivo tumor xenograft model and the mechanism of its interaction. The immune modulatory effect of PI4K IIIα was evaluated in an immune-competent syngeneic murine tumor model...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222299/management-of-multiple-myeloma-in-the-relapsed-refractory-patient
#2
REVIEW
Pieter Sonneveld
The approach to the patient with relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma requires a careful evaluation of the results of previous treatments, the toxicities associated with it, and an assessment of prognostic factors. The majority of patients will have received prior therapy with drug combinations, including a proteasome inhibitor and an immune-modulatory agent. It is the physician's task to choose the right moment for the start of therapy and decide with the patient which goals need to be achieved...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210175/site-specific-and-endothelial-mediated-dysfunction-of-the-alveolar-capillary-barrier-in-response-to-lipopolysaccharides
#3
Harshavardhan Janga, Liam Cassidy, Fanlu Wang, Dietmar Spengler, Stefanie Oestern-Fitschen, Martin F Krause, Andreas Seekamp, Andreas Tholey, Sabine Fuchs
Infectious agents such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS) challenge the functional properties of the alveolar-capillary barrier (ACB) in the lung. In this study, we analyse the site-specific effects of LPS on the ACB and reveal the effects on the individual cell types and the ACB as a functional unit. Monocultures of H441 epithelial cells and co-cultures of H441 with endothelial cells cultured on Transwells® were treated with LPS from the apical or basolateral compartment. Barrier properties were analysed by the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER), by transport assays, and immunostaining and assessment of tight junctional molecules at protein level...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163520/the-injury-related-activation-of-hedgehog-signaling-pathway-modulates-the-repair-associated-inflammation-in-liver-fibrosis
#4
REVIEW
Xin Shen, Yu Peng, Hanmin Li
Liver fibrosis is a wound healing response initiated by inflammation responding for different iterative parenchymal damages caused by diverse etiologies. Immune cells, which exert their ability of either inducing injury or promoting repair, have been regarded as crucial participants in the fibrogenic response. A characteristic feature of the fibrotic microenvironment associated with chronic liver injury is aberrant activation of hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. Growing evidence from a number of different studies in vivo and in vitro has indicated that immune-mediated events involved in liver fibrogenesis are regulated by Hh signaling pathway...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066299/%C3%AE-elemene-attenuates-macrophage-activation-and-proinflammatory-factor-production-via-crosstalk-with-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#5
Yangyi Fang, Yanhua Kang, Han Zou, Xiaxuan Cheng, Tian Xie, Liyun Shi, Hang Zhang
β-elemene, extracted from Rhizoma zedoariae, has been widely used as a traditional medicine for its antitumor activity against a broad range of cancers. However, the effect of β-elemene in inflammation disorders has yet to be determined. The present study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and potential molecular mechanisms of β-elemene in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine macrophage cells RAW264.7. We found that the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, including interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), induced by LPS was significantly suppressed by β-elemene in a dose-dependent manner in RAW264...
October 21, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054949/metachronous-solitary-plasmacytoma
#6
Robin Khosa, Shishir Seth, Sapna Nangia
Solitary plasmacytoma is a rare disorder comprising 5%-10% of all plasma cell neoplasms. Progression to multiple myeloma is the most common pattern of relapse. Appearance of new lesions without any systemic disease is the most unusual pattern of relapse seen in <2% cases. We present a case of a 46-year-old female who presented with features of third and seventh cranial nerve palsy, diagnosed with solitary plasmacytoma, with no evidence of any systemic disease. As per standard recommendations, the patient received radiotherapy to the local site...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994721/natriuretic-peptides-the-case-of-prostate-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Letizia Mezzasoma, Matthew J Peirce, Alba Minelli, Ilaria Bellezza
Cardiac natriuretic peptides have long been known to act as main players in the homeostatic control of blood pressure, salt and water balance. However, in the last few decades, new properties have been ascribed to these hormones. A systematic review of English articles using MEDLINE Search terms included prostate cancer, inflammation, cardiac hormones, atrial natriuretic peptide, and brain natriuretic peptide. Most recent publications were selected. Natriuretic peptides are strongly connected to the immune system, whose two branches, innate and adaptive, are finely tuned and organized to kill invaders and repair injured tissues...
October 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933696/a-novel-topical-wound-therapy-delivery-system
#8
Ingrid Herskovitz, Flor E MacQuhae, Luis J Borda, Stephanie Bhagwandin, Juan A Paredes, Thais Polanco, John C Lantis, Paul J Kim, Tania J Phillips, Robert S Kirsner
INTRODUCTION: Wound care dressings have evolved over time, from bandaging to the development of occlusive dressings to negative pressure wound therapy. A novel therapeutic delivery system dressing has been cleared by the United States Food and Drug Administration. This semi occlusive wound dressing has been developed to provide local, continuous delivery of aqueous topical agents, such as therapeutics (anesthetics, antiseptics, antibiotics, steroids, topical beta-blockers, immune modulatory agents, growth factors, and fibrinolytic agents, among others), at a rate of about ¾ mL per day, thus maintaining a hydrated environment and providing topical treatment...
September 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930561/immune-ligands-for-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-ctls-in-cancer-stem-cells-cscs
#9
Ioannis A Voutsadakis
   The immune system has come to the forefront of cancer therapeutics in recent years with the success of immune blockade inhibitors in a variety of cancers whose list is increasing with a quick pace. Despite the efficacy of these drugs across a significant part of the cancer spectrum, responses are still seen only in a minority of patients, that implies that most patients are refractory or promptly develop resistance to these agents. Mechanisms of this resistance are important to decipher as this knowledge may lead to the introduction of additional therapies or manipulations to modulate resistance...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906131/effects-of-immunomodulators-on-the-response-induced-by-vaccines-against-autoimmune-diseases
#10
Dante J Marciani
A promising treatment for T-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases is the induction of immune tolerance by modulating the immune response against self-antigens, an objective that may be achieved by vaccination. There are two main types of vaccines currently under development. The tolerogenic vaccines, composed of proteins formed by a cytokine fused to a self-antigen, which usually induce tolerance by eliminating the T-cells that are immune reactive against the self-antigen. The immunogenic vaccines, comprised of a self-antigen plus a sole Th2 adjuvant either free or conjugated, that alleviate autoimmunity by switching the immune response against the self-antigen, from a damaging pro-inflammatory Th1/Th17 to an anti-inflammatory Th2 immunity...
November 2017: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887912/safety-profile-of-good-manufacturing-practice-manufactured-interferon-%C3%AE-primed-mesenchymal-stem-stromal-cells-for-clinical-trials
#11
Adam J Guess, Beth Daneault, Rongzhang Wang, Hillary Bradbury, Krista M D La Perle, James Fitch, Sheri L Hedrick, Elizabeth Hamelberg, Caroline Astbury, Peter White, Kathleen Overolt, Hemalatha Rangarajan, Rolla Abu-Arja, Steven M Devine, Satoru Otsuru, Massimo Dominici, Lynn O'Donnell, Edwin M Horwitz
Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are widely studied by both academia and industry for a broad array of clinical indications. The collective body of data provides compelling evidence of the clinical safety of MSC therapy. However, generally accepted proof of therapeutic efficacy has not yet been reported. In an effort to generate a more effective therapeutic cell product, investigators are focused on modifying MSC processing protocols to enhance the intrinsic biologic activity. Here, we report a Good Manufacturing Practice-compliant two-step MSC manufacturing protocol to generate MSCs or interferon γ (IFNγ) primed MSCs which allows freshly expanded cells to be infused in patients on a predetermined schedule...
September 9, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830818/review-of-anti-inflammatory-immune-modulatory-and-wound-healing-properties-of-molluscs
#12
REVIEW
Tarek B Ahmad, Lei Liu, Michael Kotiw, Kirsten Benkendorff
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This review focuses on traditional and contemporary anti-inflammatory uses of mollusc-derived products summarising all the in vitro, in vivo and human clinical trials that have tested the anti-inflammatory activity of molluscan natural products. Inflammatory conditions, burns and wounds have been an ongoing concern for human health since the early era of civilisation. Many texts from ancient medicine have recorded the symptoms, signs and treatments for these conditions...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750572/small-molecules-as-therapy-for-uveitis-a-selected-perspective-of-new-and-developing-agents
#13
Uwe Pleyer, Engi Abdel-Hady Algharably, Eugen Feist, Reinhold Kreutz
Intraocular inflammation (uveitis) remains a significant burden of legal blindness. Because of its immune mediated and chronic recurrent nature, common therapy includes corticosteroids, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and more recently biologics as immune modulatory agents. The purpose of this article is to identify the role of new treatment approaches focusing on small molecules as therapeutic option in uveitis. Areas covered: A MEDLINE database search was conducted through February 2017 using the terms 'uveitis' and 'small molecule'...
August 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731127/pidotimod-exacerbates-allergic-pulmonary-infection-in-an-ova-mouse-model-of-asthma
#14
Luo-Qin Fu, Ya-Li Li, Ai-Kun Fu, Yan-Ping Wu, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Sheng-Lan Hu, Wei-Fen Li
Pidotimod is a synthetic dipeptide with biological and immuno‑modulatory properties. It has been widely used for treatment and prevention of recurrent respiratory infections. However, its impact on the regulation of allergic pulmonary inflammation is still not clear. In the current study, an ovalbumin (OVA)‑induced allergic asthma model was used to investigate the immune‑modulating effects of pidotimod on airway eosinophilia, mucus metaplasia and inflammatory factor expression compared with dexamethasone (positive control)...
October 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724427/curcumin-the-spicy-modulator-of-breast-carcinogenesis
#15
REVIEW
Urmila Banik, Subramani Parasuraman, Arun Kumar Adhikary, Nor Hayati Othman
Worldwide breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. For many years clinicians and the researchers are examining and exploring various therapeutic modalities for breast cancer. Yet the disease has remained unconquered and the quest for cure is still going on. Present-day strategy of breast cancer therapy and prevention is either combination of a number of drugs or a drug that modulates multiple targets. In this regard natural products are now becoming significant options. Curcumin exemplifies a promising natural anticancer agent for this purpose...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718997/mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-factors-immuno-modulatory-effects-and-therapeutic-potential
#16
REVIEW
Vladislav Volarevic, Marina Gazdic, Bojana Simovic Markovic, Nemanja Jovicic, Valentin Djonov, Nebojsa Arsenijevic
Stem cell-based therapy is considered to be a new hope in transplantation medicine. Among stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are, due to their differentiation and immuno-modulatory characteristics, the most commonly used as therapeutic agents in the treatment of immune-mediated diseases. MSCs migrate to the site of inflammation and modulate immune response. The capacity of MSC to alter phenotype and function of immune cells are largely due to the production of soluble factors which expression varies depending on the pathologic condition to which MSCs are exposed...
September 10, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643902/modulation-of-antitumor-immunity-contributes-to-the-enhanced-therapeutic-efficacy-of-liposomal-oxaliplatin-in-mouse-model
#17
Taro Shimizu, Amr S Abu Lila, Miho Nishio, Yusuke Doi, Hidenori Ando, Masami Ukawa, Yu Ishima, Tatsuhiro Ishida
Immune modulation of the tumor microenvironment has been reported to participate in the therapeutic efficacy of many chemotherapeutic agents. Recently, we reported that liposomal encapsulation of oxaliplatin (l-OHP) within PEGylated liposomes conferred a superior antitumor efficacy to free l-OHP in murine colorectal carcinoma-bearing mice through permitting preferential accumulation of the encapsulated drug within tumor tissue. However, the contribution of the immune-modulatory properties of liposomal l-OHP and/or free l-OHP to the overall antitumor efficacy was not elucidated...
September 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589127/function-and-therapeutic-potential-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-atherosclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Feifei Li, Xia Guo, Shi-You Chen
Atherosclerosis is a complicated disorder and largely attributable to dyslipidaemia and chronic inflammation. Despite therapeutic advances over past decades, atherosclerosis remains the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Due to their capability of immunomodulation and tissue regeneration, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have evolved as an attractive therapeutic agent in various diseases including atherosclerosis. Accumulating evidences support the protective role of MSCs in all stages of atherosclerosis. In this review, we highlight the current understanding of MSCs including their characteristics such as molecular markers, tissue distribution, migratory property, immune-modulatory competence, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567588/immunotherapy-and-radiation-in-glioblastoma
#19
REVIEW
Solmaz Sahebjam, Andrew Sharabi, Michael Lim, Pravin Kesarwani, Prakash Chinnaiyan
Radiation therapy plays a central role in the management of glioblastoma. Although primarily thought of as modality to provide local tumor control through DNA damage, the capacity of ionizing radiation to modulate tumor immune response has long been recognized. The recent emergence of clinically active immunotherapies offers exciting potential for harnessing the immune modulatory effects or radiation through combinatorial strategies designed to enhance clinical outcomes. In this Review, we provide background describing the unique immune environment within the central nervous system, how ionizing radiation may modulate the tumor immune response, preclinical and clinical data testing the combination of radiation and immune modulating agents, and highlight some of the current challenges in extending these findings clinically...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510090/the-melatonin-immunomodulatory-actions-in-radiotherapy
#20
REVIEW
M Najafi, A Shirazi, E Motevaseli, Gh Geraily, F Norouzi, M Heidari, S Rezapoor
Radiotherapy has a key role in cancer treatment in more than half of patients with cancer. The management of severe side effects of this treatment modality is a limiting factor to appropriate treatment. Immune system responses play a pivotal role in many of the early and late side effects of radiation. Moreover, immune cells have a significant role in tumor response to radiotherapy, such as angiogenesis and tumor growth. Melatonin as a potent antioxidant has shown appropriate immune regulatory properties that may ameliorate toxicity induced by radiation in various organs...
April 2017: Biophysical Reviews
keyword
keyword
55779
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"