Read by QxMD icon Read


Aakash Mugalur
Equalizing limb length is of paramount importance for optimal outcome in patients undergoing hip arthroplasty(HA). Numerous techniques have been described for avoiding limb length discrepancy (LLD) in patients undergoing HA. However their applicability in patients undergoing HA for neck of femur(NOF) fractures remains questionable due to dissociation between the femur and the head. I hereby describe a novel yet simple technique for better utilization of already established techniques to avoid LLD in NOF fractures undergoing HA...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Kiboum Kim, Junhyoung Kim, Alison Voight, Minjoon Ji
PURPOSE: This is a gap in knowledge related to leisure behaviours among mothers who have children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). This study intended to understand leisure behaviours associated with leisure constraints among these mother caregivers. METHOD: Using a series of semi- structured interviews, a total of 12 participants engaged in this study. RESULTS: Our findings consisted of two sections: (1) leisure negotiation and (2) leisure constraints which are (a) a lack of time for themselves, (b) constant attention, and (c) difficulty in finding a helper...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Bryan Pomares, Jonathan Hooshmand, Matthew Cushing, Gillian Hotz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the BikeSafe on-bicycle curriculum affects children's bicycle safety knowledge and collect cross-sectional data on cycling beliefs and attitudes. METHODS: The University of Miami's BikeSafe program collected surveys from 286 participants, ages 7-15, in 10 Miami-Dade County Parks, Recreation, and Open Spaces summer camps from June to August 2015. Pre- and post-knowledge assessments were analyzed for 83 intervention group and 57 control group participants...
June 21, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Pedro E Alcaraz, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Bruno O Oponjuru, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Sprinting is key in the development and final results of competitions in a range of sport disciplines, both individual (e.g., athletics) and team sports. Resisted sled training (RST) might provide an effective training method to improve sprinting, in both the acceleration and the maximum-velocity phases. However, substantial discrepancies exist in the literature regarding the influence of training status and sled load prescription in relation to the specific components of sprint performance to be developed and the phase of sprint...
June 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
Xenia I Loizidou, Michael I Loizides, Demetra L Orthodoxou
Cyprus is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean whose economy is largely dependent on coastal tourism. It boasts some of the cleanest waters in Europe and has the largest number of Blue Flag awarded beaches per capita in the world. These beaches are managed by local authorities and are regularly cleaned, throughout the year, at least once per day. This paper presents findings from cleanups that were organized over the summers of 2016 and 2017 on nine Blue Flag beaches around the island of Cyprus, after the beaches were cleaned by the responsible authorities...
June 20, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Jennifer Diana Evans, James Barrie Kirkpatrick, Kerry Lynn Bridle
Land use in many areas is highly contested. An understanding of the nature of such conflicts, and of spatial variation in their intensity, is required to develop planning solutions. We present a novel process for attaining these outcomes which involves mapping of values and potential conflict between stakeholders determined using participatory GIS (PGIS) processes. Our starting point was an a priori identification of the values that were potentially in conflict. We produced quantitative and qualitative maps of each of the values that formed a basis for workshop discussion among small stakeholder groups...
June 20, 2018: Environmental Management
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Adrian C Pinder, Arunachalam Manimekalan, J D Marcus Knight, Prasannan Krishnankutty, J Robert Britton, Siby Philip, Neelesh Dahanukar, Rajeev Raghavan
Growing to lengths and weights exceeding 1.5 m and 45 kg, the hump-backed mahseer fish of the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, India, is an iconic, mega-faunal species that is globally recognized as a premier freshwater game fish. Despite reports of their high extinction risk, conservation approaches are currently constrained by their lack of valid taxonomic identity. Using an integrative approach, incorporating morphology, molecular analysis and historical photographs, this fish can now be revealed to be conspecific with Tor remadevii, a species lacking a common name, that was initially, but poorly, described in 2007 from the River Pambar, a tributary of the River Cauvery in Kerala...
2018: PloS One
X Mao, Z Wang, Q Hu, C Huang, H Yan, Z Wang, L Lu, M Zhuang, X Chen, J Fu, W Geng, Y Jiang, H Shang, J Xu
OBJECTIVES: The HIV epidemic is worsening among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, especially among those who are younger than 25 years old [younger MSM (YMSM)]. The aim of the study was to compare the prevalences of HIV incidence and recent HIV infection as well as factors associated with recent HIV infection in YMSM and older MSM (OMSM). METHODS: A multicentre cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4496 MSM recruited from seven Chinese cities. YMSM were defined as those aged < 25 years...
June 19, 2018: HIV Medicine
Lisa Franzén, Matilda Bäckberg, Olof Beck, Anders Helander
INTRODUCTION: Many new psychoactive substances (NPS) introduced as recreational drugs have been associated with severe intoxication and death. METHODS: Blood and/or urine samples were collected from intoxicated patients treated at Swedish hospitals that participated in the STRIDA project, a nationawide effort to address the growing problem of NPS. In patients undergoing evaluation for drug overdose, α-PBP was identified using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
Jessica Rice, Michelle Cameron
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cannabis and cannabinoids have been used medically and recreationally for thousands of years and recently there has been a growing body of research in this area. With increased access now that medical marijuana is available in many jurisdictions, patients and providers want to know more about the evidence for benefits and risks of cannabinoid use. This paper provides an overview of the available cannabinoid-based formulations, a summary of the highest quality evidence for the use of cannabinoids for treating spasticity and pain associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), and a discussion of possible dosing regimens based on information from these studies...
June 19, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Launette Marie Rieb, Wendy V Norman, Ruth Elwood Martin, Jonathan Berkowitz, Evan Wood, Michael John Milloy, Ryan McNeil
Introduction and objectives: Understanding the details of one individual's experience with pain, opioid use and withdrawal may generate insights into possible relationships between opioid-induced hyperalgesia and withdrawal-associated injury site pain (WISP). Methods: This case study was extracted from a mixed methods study that characterized WISP. In 2014, the individual was recruited from a primary care clinic that prescribes opioid agonist therapy. In an interview, she completed a 35-item survey and elaborated on her own experience...
May 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Johannes S Hägele, Martin G Schmid
In the recent years, hundreds of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) have entered both the European and the global drug market. These drugs, which are mainly used for recreational matters, have caused serious social problems. Every year, the spectrum of these misused drugs is enlarged by new derivatives, which are produced by modifications of basic structures of already well-known substances. Additionally, a lot of them possess a stereogenic center which leads to 2 enantiomeric forms. The fact that the pharmacological effects and potencies of the enantiomers of these chiral NPS may differ can be assumed from a broad spectrum of active pharmaceutical ingredients...
June 19, 2018: Chirality
Annika T H Keeley, Galli Basson, D Richard Cameron, Nicole E Heller, Patrick R Huber, Carrie A Schloss, James H Thorne, Adina M Merenlender
For over 40 years, habitat corridors have been a solution for sustaining wildlife in fragmented landscapes, and now are often suggested as a climate adaptation strategy. However, while a plethora of connectivity plans exist, protecting and restoring habitat connectivity through on-the-ground action has been slow. We identified implementation challenges and opportunities through a literature review of project implementation, a science-practice workshop, and interviews with conservation professionals. Our research indicates that connectivity challenges and solutions tend to be context-specific, dependent on land ownership patterns, socioeconomic factors, and the policy framework...
June 19, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Christian A Clermont, Lauren C Benson, Sean T Osis, Dylan Kobsar, Reed Ferber
The purpose of this study was to classify runners in sex-specific groups as either competitive or recreational based on center of mass (CoM) accelerations. Forty-one runners participated in the study (25 male and 16 female), and were labeled as competitive or recreational based on age, sex, and race performance. Three-dimensional acceleration data were collected during a 5-minute treadmill run, and 24 features were extracted. Support vector machine classification models were used to examine the utility of the features in discriminating between competitive and recreational runners within each sex-specific subgroup...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Steven De Keukeleire, Paul Hoste, Mies Crivits, Naïma Hammami, Anne Piette
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an universal increase in number of reports of infections involving non-O1, non-O139 V. cholerae (NOVC). NOVC infection is only rarely complicated by septicaemia or invasive extra-intestinal infection. CASE SUMMARY: We report the first documented case of NOVC bacteraemia in a Belgian immunocompetent male after ingestion of water when paddling in a creek. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should include V. cholerae in their differential diagnosis in patients presenting with a self-limiting gastroenteritis after ingestion of raw and undercooked seafood or bathing in potentially contaminated recreational waters during warm summers...
June 19, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Christine A Vaughan, Deborah A Cohen, Bing Han
The current study examined racial/ethnic differences in use of parks and park facilities and features and self-reported park use and perceptions. We conducted observations in a nationally representative sample of 193 neighborhood parks in 27 US cities over a 1-week period between April and August of 2016 using the System of Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC). To determine the propensity of different racial/ethnic groups to use parks relative to expectation based on their representation in the surrounding neighborhood, we calculated the percentages of park users of each race/ethnicity and compared these to the percentages of racial/ethnic groups residing in the neighborhood within a 1-mile radius of the park based on 2010 U...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Subhadra Nori
Acute knee pain is a frequently encountered problem in the clinical settings. In 2003, American Orthopedic Association recorded that 19.4 million people visited a physician because of a knee problem. Knee pain due to injuries is increasing even among the older population, as a greater number of persons are participating in recreational activities. The quadriceps tendon rupture is not a common condition among acute causes of knee pain. However, it can be quite debilitating. The usual clinical presentation includes a middle-aged person presenting with a history of fall accompanied by swelling and inability to extend the knee...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Melody J Gavel, R Timothy Patterson, Nawaf A Nasser, Jennifer M Galloway, Bruce W Hanna, Peter A Cott, Helen M Roe, Hendrik Falck
Frame Lake, located within the city of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada, has been identified as requiring significant remediation due to its steadily declining water quality and inability to support fish by the 1970s. Former gold mining operations and urbanization around the lake have been suspected as probable causes for the decline in water quality. While these land-use activities are well documented, little information is available regarding their impact on the lake itself. For this reason, Arcellinida, a group of shelled protozoans known to be reliable bioindicators of land-use change, were used to develop a hydroecological history of the lake...
2018: PeerJ
Joan Dallinga, Mark Janssen, Jet van der Werf, Ruben Walravens, Steven Vos, Marije Deutekom
BACKGROUND: A large number of people participate in individual or unorganized sports on a recreational level. Furthermore, many participants drop out because of injury or lowered motivation. Potentially, physical activity-related apps could motivate people during sport participation and help them to follow and maintain a healthy active lifestyle. It remains unclear what the quality of running, cycling, and walking apps is and how it can be assessed. Quality of these apps was defined as having a positive influence on participation in recreational sports...
June 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"