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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350812/sports-related-sudden-cardiac-deaths-in-the-young-population-of-switzerland
#1
Babken Asatryan, Cristina Vital, Christoph Kellerhals, Argelia Medeiros-Domingo, Christoph Gräni, Lukas D Trachsel, Christian M Schmied, Ardan M Saguner, Prisca Eser, David Herzig, Stephan Bolliger, Katarzyna Michaud, Matthias Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, ECG screening was first recommended for national squad athletes in 1998. Since 2001 it has become mandatory in selected high-risk professional sports. Its impact on the rates of sports-related sudden cardiac death (SCD) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the incidence, causes and time trends of sports-related SCD in comparison to SCD unrelated to exercise in Switzerland. METHODS: We reviewed all forensic reports of SCDs of the German-speaking region of Switzerland in the age group of 10 to 39 years, occurring between 1999 and 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346112/a-growing-disconnection-from-nature-is-evident-in-cultural-products
#2
Selin Kesebir, Pelin Kesebir
Human connection with nature is widely believed to be in decline even though empirical evidence is scarce on the magnitude and historical pattern of the change. Studying works of popular culture in English throughout the 20th century and later, we have documented a cultural shift away from nature that begins in the 1950s. Since then, references to nature have been decreasing steadily in fiction books, song lyrics, and film storylines, whereas references to the human-made environment have not. The observed temporal pattern is consistent with the explanatory role of increased virtual and indoors recreation options (e...
March 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346080/a-descriptive-quantitative-study-of-7-and-8-year-old-children-s-outdoor-recreation-cold-exposure-and-symptoms-in-winter-in-northern-finland
#3
Hanna Rasi, Heli Kuivila, Tarja Pölkki, Risto Bloigu, Hannu Rintamäki, Marjo Tourula
BACKGROUND: In Finland, children spend a lot of time outdoors in winter. Outdoor recreation in winter has a wide variety of effects on children's well-being. Although children are a subgroup that is vulnerable to cold exposure, remarkably little research has been done on the subject. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's outdoor recreation, cold exposure and symptoms in winter in Northern Finland. DESIGN: This was a descriptive quantitative study...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346067/horseback-riding-therapy-for-a-deafblind-individual-enabled-by-a-haptic-interface
#4
Matjaž Ogrinc Ms, Ildar Farkhatdinov PhD, Rich Walker Ms, Etienne Burdet
We present a haptic interface to help deafblind people to practice horseback riding as a recreational and therapeutic activity. Horseback riding is a form of therapy which can improve self-esteem and sensation of independence. It has been shown to benefit people with various medical conditions-including autism. However, in the case of deafblind riders, an interpreter must stand by at all times to communicate with the rider by touch. We developed a simple interface that enables deafblind people to enjoy horseback riding while the instructor is remotely providing cues, which improves their independence...
March 27, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345631/structure-of-the-cyanuric-acid-hydrolase-trzd-reveals-product-exit-channel
#5
Asim K Bera, Kelly G Aukema, Mikael Elias, Lawrence P Wackett
Cyanuric acid hydrolases are of industrial importance because of their use in aquatic recreational facilities to remove cyanuric acid, a stabilizer for the chlorine. Degradation of excess cyanuric acid is necessary to maintain chlorine disinfection in the waters. Cyanuric acid hydrolase opens the cyanuric acid ring hydrolytically and subsequent decarboxylation produces carbon dioxide and biuret. In the present study, we report the X-ray structure of TrzD, a cyanuric acid hydrolase from Acidovorax citrulli. The crystal structure at 2...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344459/applied-sports-nutrition-support-dietary-intake-and-body-composition-changes-of-a-female-athlete-completing-26-marathons-in-26-days-a-case-study
#6
Chris J McManus, Kelly A Murray, David A Parry
The aim of this case study is to describe the nutrition practices of a female recreational runner (VO2max 48.9 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) who completed 26 marathons (42.195 km) in 26 consecutive days. Information relating to the nutritional intake of female runners during multi-day endurance events is extremely limited, yet the number of people participating year-on-year continues to increase. This case study reports the nutrition intervention, dietary intake, body composition changes and performance in the lead-up and during the 26 days...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344454/the-effect-of-intermittent-head-cooling-on-aerobic-performance-in-the-heat
#7
Peter Walters, Nathaniel Thom, Kai Libby, Shelby Edgren, Amanda Azadian, Daniel Tannous, Elisabeth Sorenson, Brian Hunt
Thermoregulation is critical for athletes, particularly those for those who must perform in the heat. Most strategies aimed at reducing heat stress have cooled participants before or during activity. The objective of this study is to investigate whether seven minutes of head cooling applied between bouts of aerobic exercise in hot (35 ± 1.0 °C) and dry (14.68 ±4.29% rh) environmental conditions could positively effect participants peak power output (PP) on a maximal effort graded exercise test (GXT). Twenty-two recreational active men ages 18 to 23 (19...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343633/seasonal-dynamics-of-marine-litter-along-the-bulgarian-black-sea-coast
#8
Anna Simeonova, Rozalina Chuturkova, Velika Yaneva
In this study marine litter (ML) surveys were conducted in 8 beaches along the Bulgarian Black Sea coastline within 4 seasons for 2015-2016. The monitoring applied OSPAR guideline, classifying ML in eight categories and 167 types. The results exhibited predominance of artificial polymer materials - 84.3%. ML densities ranged from 0.0587±0.005 to 0.1343±0.008 n/m(2), highest on the urban beaches. The seasonal dynamics of most top 10 ML showed highest quantities in summer than the other seasons, as the differences are of high statistical significance (0...
March 23, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343113/how-four-u-s-states-are-regulating-recreational-marijuana-edibles
#9
Camille Gourdet, Kristen C Giombi, Katherine Kosa, Jenny Wiley, Sheryl Cates
BACKGROUND: Sales of edible marijuana products have been strong in Colorado and Washington State since the legalization of recreational marijuana. Initially, these states did not have comprehensive labelling or packaging requirements in place. In response to increases in marijuana-related emergency room visits and poison control centre calls, additional regulations were implemented. Currently, Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington each have passed into law various labelling and packaging requirements for edibles...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341953/giant-rhinophyma-a-rare-case-of-total-nasal-obstruction-and-restitutio-ad-integrum
#10
Andreas Wolter, Till Scholz, Jutta Liebau
Rhinophyma is considered the end stage in the development of rosacea, accompanied by hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands, which causes an enlargement of the nose. It is an uncommon condition that often results in both functional and cosmetic impairment. A large variety of surgical and nonsurgical treatments have been published to treat it. Closure is usually obtained by wound granulating in by secondary intention, skin grafting or local flaps. Rarely these lesions can attain a giant size and pose a challenge in surgical treatment...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340578/abcb1-and-abcg2-drug-transporters-are-differentially-expressed-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancers-nsclc-and-expression-is-modified-by-cisplatin-treatment-via-altered-wnt-signaling
#11
M Vesel, J Rapp, D Feller, E Kiss, L Jaromi, M Meggyes, G Miskei, B Duga, G Smuk, T Laszlo, I Karner, J E Pongracz
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer (LC) is still the most common cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of all LC cases but is not a single entity. It is now accepted that, apart from the characteristic driver mutations, the unique molecular signatures of adeno- (AC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), the two most common NSCLC subtypes should be taken into consideration for their management. Therapeutic interventions, however, frequently lead to chemotherapy resistance highlighting the need for in-depth analysis of regulatory mechanisms of multidrug resistance to increase therapeutic efficiency...
March 24, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340372/shotgun-metagenomic-sequencing-reveals-freshwater-beach-sands-as-reservoir-of-bacterial-pathogens
#12
Mahi M Mohiuddin, Yasser Salama, Herb E Schellhorn, G Brian Golding
Recreational waters and adjacent beach sands harbor complex microbial communities which may contain human pathogens that cannot be detected by conventional methods. Here, we investigate the diversity of bacterial populations inhabiting four freshwater beaches of the Great Lakes region using shotgun metagenomic sequencing approach. Our analysis suggests that average taxonomic richness and alpha diversity are significantly higher (P < 0.001) in beach sands compared to the corresponding water environments...
March 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340145/human-abuse-potential-of-the-new-opioid-analgesic-molecule-nktr-181-compared-with-oxycodone
#13
Lynn Webster, Jack Henningfield, August R Buchhalter, Suresh Siddhanti, Lin Lu, Aleksandrs Odinecs, Carlo J Di Fonzo, Michael A Eldon
Objective.:  Evaluate the human abuse potential, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of NKTR-181, a novel mu-opioid agonist molecule, relative to oxycodone. Design.:  This randomized, single-center, double-blind, active- and placebo-controlled five-period crossover study enrolled healthy, adult, non-physically dependent recreational opioid users. Setting.:  Inpatient clinical research site. Subjects. : Forty-two randomized subjects (73...
March 10, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339800/the-dark-cloud-of-recreational-drugs-and-vaping
#14
M S Blundell, P I Dargan, D M Wood
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are increasing in popularity with 19% of UK smokers reporting to have used them. The ability to regulate the evaporation temperature in newer electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) facilitates the potential for use of these devices to 'vape' cannabis, novel psychoactive substances (NPS) and other recreational drugs. Vaping cannabis does have the potential to reduce tobacco use and combustible cannabis/tobacco-related disease, but with over one-third of UK adults reporting life-time use of recreational drugs and increasing e-cigarette uptake in adolescent groups the misuse of these devices poses a serious potential public health risk...
March 9, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338921/the-relationship-between-objectively-measured-walking-and-risk-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collision
#15
D Alex Quistberg, Eric J Howard, Philip M Hurvitz, Anne V Moudon, Beth E Ebel, Frederick P Rivara, Brian E Saelens
Safe urban walking environments may improve health by encouraging physical activity, but the relationship between an individual's location and walking pattern and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collision is unknown. We examined associations between individuals' walking bouts and walking risk, measured as mean exposure to the risk of pedestrian-vehicle collision. Walking bouts were ascertained through integrated accelerometry and global positioning system data and from individual travel-diary data obtained from adults in the Travel Assessment and Community Study (King County, Washington) in 2008-2009...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338357/neuromuscular-fatigue-after-repeated-jumping-with-concomitant-electrical-stimulation
#16
Daria Neyroud, Jimmy Samararatne, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
PURPOSE: We evaluated the etiology and extent of neuromuscular fatigue induced by fifty squat jumps performed with and without neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the knee extensors. METHODS: Nine healthy recreationally active males (24 ± 2 years old) took part in two experiments. These consisted of fifty squat jumps performed with stimulation (NMES) or without (CON). Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, maximal voluntary activation level (VAL) and forces evoked by single and double (10 and 100 Hz) stimulations were recorded before and after the fifty jumps...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338226/exploring-and-modelling-impacts-of-third-molar-experience-on-quality-of-life-a-real-time-qualitative-study-using-twitter
#17
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (i) to explore and model domains describing the real-time impact of third molars (TMs) on quality of life (QoL); and (ii) to assess the percentage coverage, in some generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instruments, of the TM QoL domains identified in this study. METHODOLOGY: A global cross-sectional sample of tweets containing 'wisdom tooth' over a 1-week period retrieved 3,537 tweets...
March 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337167/research-recommendations-for-improving-measurement-of-treatment-effectiveness-in-depression
#18
Kaloyan Kamenov, María Cabello, Mónica Nieto, Renaldo Bernard, Elisabeth Kohls, Christine Rummel-Kluge, José L Ayuso-Mateos
Background: Despite the steadily escalating psychological and economic burden of depression, there is a lack of evidence for the effectiveness of available interventions on functioning areas beyond symptomatology. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to give an insight into the current measurement of treatment effectiveness in depression and to provide recommendations for its improvement. Materials and Methods: The study was based on a multi-informant approach, comparing data from a systematic literature review, an expert survey with representatives from clinical practice (130), and qualitative interviews with patients (11) experiencing depression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337066/paintball-related-ocular-injuries-first-case-report-in-saudi-patients
#19
Mohammad Al-Amry, Huda Al-Ghadeer
Paintball is a popular recreational sport. This case series describes three Saudi patients exposed to paintball ocular injuries with sever ocular trauma. Two patients developed hyphema and traumatic cataract and one patient had vitreous hemorrhage, choroidal detachment, commotio retinae and retinal tear. All patients require surgical intervention. Final best corrected visual acuity was 20/200, 20/30 and 20/50 respectively. Paintball related ocular injuries can result in severe visual loss and in most of the time requires surgical intervention...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336208/reducing-the-marine-debris-of-recreational-hoop-nets-in-south-eastern-australia
#20
Matt K Broadhurst, Russell B Millar
Alternative configurations of Australian recreational portunid hoop nets were investigated to address debris and selectivity issues. Four treatment nets (all comprising 152-mm polyamide-PA mesh) were assessed that differed in their twine (conventional multifilament vs new multi-monofilament) and fishing configuration (conventional conical vs inverted shapes). The conical multifilament design lost means (±SEs) of 130.6±23.1 and 5.3±1.2mm of twine 3-h soak(-1) when used to target Scylla serrata and Portunus pelagicus...
March 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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