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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053525/transforming-nursing-education-a-call-for-a-conceptual-approach
#1
Frederica Feller
In an effort to meet the changing landscape of the health care system and the explosion of nursing knowledge, the Institute of Medicine and the Robert Wood Johnston Foundation have summoned nursing academia to partner on curriculum development with an emphasis on the professional socialization of the new nurse. As health care continues to change, the education of nurses must also evolve to meet these changes. Curriculum transformation is needed at nearly every aspect of health care. This policy statement will explore these challenges and the transformation in nursing education required to meet them...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053128/-traumatic-brain-injury-neurologic-and-psychiatric-aspects
#2
Yu P Sivolap, I V Damulin, O N Voskresenskaya
Traumatic brain injury is among the leading social-medical problems that causes preventable deaths, health deterioration and disability in young individuals. It is manifested by neurologic and psychiatric disorders, firstly by neurocognitive impairment. Therapeutic interventions in traumatic brain injury include correction of cerebral disorders in the acute phase of trauma, treatment of neurocognitive impairment and symptomatic treatment of mental disorders. The efficacy of treatment of neurocognitive deficits associated with brain injury is still unsatisfactory, which determines the need to find new medicines and therapeutic approaches...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052485/health-literacy-among-danish-university-students-enrolled-in-health-related-study-programmes
#3
Lea Elsborg, Fie Krossdal, Lars Kayser
AIMS: It is important to address people's health literacy when providing health care. Health professionals should be aware of, and have insight into, people's health literacy when they provide health services. Health professionals need to be health literate themselves. We examined the level of health literacy in students in Denmark attending one of four full university programmes related to health and investigated how their health literacy was associated with their sociodemographic background...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051775/obstetric-medicine-and-social-media-friend-or-foe
#4
EDITORIAL
Charlotte Frise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048926/kheyr-on-nessa-amoli-an-iranian-lady-physician-in-the-gurkani-court-of-india
#5
Seyyed Alireza Golshani, Ziba Ghafouri, Mohammad Ebrahim Zohalinezhad
The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. These affairs were monopolized by women who held this knowledge for centuries...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048447/strategies-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion-in-urban-areas-the-erice-50-charter
#6
D D'Alessandro, S Arletti, A Azara, M Buffoli, L Capasso, A Cappuccitti, A Casuccio, A Cecchini, G Costa, A M De Martino, M Dettori, E Di Rosa, G M Fara, M Ferrante, G Giammanco, A Lauria, G Melis, U Moscato, I Oberti, C Patrizio, M G Petronio, A Rebecchi, V Romano Spica, G Settimo, C Signorelli, S Capolongo
The Erice 50 Charter titled "Strategies for Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas" was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 50th Residential Course "Urban Health. Instruments for promoting health and for assessing hygienic and sanitary conditions in urban areas", held from 29th March to 2nd April 2017 in Erice, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group "Building Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (SItI)...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046028/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-throughout-the-life-cycle-in-argentina
#7
Juan Carlos Ivancevich, Hugo Neffen, Mario E Zernotti, Estrella Asayag, Ariel Blua, Alberto Cicerán, Edgardo J Jares, Alberto J Lavrut, Jorge F Máspero, Ioana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, Giorgio W Canonica, Thomas B Casale, Álvaro A Cruz, Wytske J Fokkens, Peter W Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The ARIA initiative was started during a World Health Organization workshop in 1999. The initial goals were to propose a new classification for allergic rhinitis, to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and to develop guidelines with stakeholders for world-wide use. ARIA is now focused on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine. MASK: MACVIA-Aria Sentinel Network uses mobile technology to develop care pathways that enable management by a multidisciplinary group or by patients themselves...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045991/naloxone-counseling-for-harm-reduction-and-patient-engagement
#8
Jonathan K Han, Lucas G Hill, Marianne E Koenig, Niladri Das
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The United States is experiencing an epidemic of opioid-related deaths. Naloxone, the drug of choice for reversing acute opioid overdose, is not routinely prescribed for outpatient use. The aims of this project were to improve naloxone awareness, increase naloxone prescribing, and prevent opioid overdoses. METHODS: A naloxone counseling intervention was implemented in three family health centers by an interprofessional team of providers including family medicine physicians, clinical pharmacists, and social workers...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045168/possible-causes-of-experiencing-problems-with-sick-leave-questions-in-telephone-nursing
#9
Linda Lännerström, Inger K Holmström, Kurt Svärdsudd, Thorne Wallman
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses at primary health care centres in Sweden receive about 20 million telephone calls annually. Questions related to sick leave occur regularly. Previous studies conclude that those calls often are perceived as problematic. The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with problems regarding sick leave questions in telephone nursing. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all registered nurses (n = 185) working with telephone nursing in 26 Swedish primary health care centres, of whom 114 (61...
October 18, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040736/social-media-in-medicine-a-game-changer
#10
Matthew P M Graham-Brown, Tom Oates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039668/targets-for-drug-therapy-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-challenges-and-future-directions
#11
Enza Lacivita, Roberto Perrone, Lucia Margari, Marcello Leopoldo
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests and activities. Various factors are involved in the etiopathogenesis of ASD, including genetic factors, environmental toxins and stressors, impaired immune responses, mitochondrial dysfunction, neuroinflammation. The heterogeneity in the phenotype among ASD patients and the complex etiology of the condition have long impeded the advancement of the development of pharmacological therapies...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035320/personomics-the-missing-link-in-the-evolution-from-precision-medicine-to-personalized-medicine
#12
Roy C Ziegelstein
Clinical practice guidelines have been developed for many common conditions based on data from randomized controlled trials. When medicine is informed solely by clinical practice guidelines, however, the patient is not treated as an individual, but rather a member of a group. Precision medicine, as defined herein, characterizes unique biological characteristics of the individual or of specimens obtained from an individual to tailor diagnostics and therapeutics to a specific patient. These unique biological characteristics are defined by the tools of precision medicine: genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenomics, pharmacogenomics, and other "-omics...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035006/applying-systems-thinking-to-inform-studies-of-wildlife-trade-in-primates
#13
Mary E Blair, Minh D Le, Hoàng M Thạch, Anna Panariello, Ngọc B Vũ, Mark G Birchette, Gautam Sethi, Eleanor J Sterling
Wildlife trade presents a major threat to primate populations, which are in demand from local to international scales for a variety of uses from food and traditional medicine to the exotic pet trade. We argue that an interdisciplinary framework to facilitate integration of socioeconomic, anthropological, and biological data across multiple spatial and temporal scales is essential to guide the study of wildlife trade dynamics and its impacts on primate populations. Here, we present a new way to design research on wildlife trade in primates using a systems thinking framework...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031621/medicinal-chemistry-in-drug-discovery-in-big-pharma-past-present-and-future
#14
REVIEW
Ian B Campbell, Simon J F Macdonald, Panayiotis A Procopiou
The changes in synthetic and medicinal chemistry and related drug discovery science as practiced in big pharma over the past few decades are described. These have been predominantly driven by wider changes in society namely the computer, internet and globalisation. Thoughts about the future of medicinal chemistry are also discussed including sharing the risks and costs of drug discovery and the future of outsourcing. The continuing impact of access to substantial computing power and big data, the use of algorithms in data analysis and drug design are also presented...
October 12, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030798/what-does-the-character-of-medicine-as-a-social-practice-imply-for-professional-conscientious-objection
#15
Thomas S Huddle
The dispute over professional conscientious objection presumes a picture of medicine as a practice governed by rules. This rule-based conception of medical practice is identifiable with John Rawls's conception of social practices. This conception does not capture the character of medical practice as experienced by practitioners, for whom it is a sensibility or "form of life" rather than rules. Moreover, the sensibility of medical practice as experienced by physicians is at best neutral, and at worst hostile, to the demands of those who would override physician conscientious objection to the provision of currently contested services...
October 13, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030783/the-head-the-heart-and-hysteria-in-jeanne-flore-s-tales-and-trials-of-love-c-1542
#16
Kelly Digby Peebles
This essay examines a challenge to common literary representations of female mental illness in the Early Modern period-the hysterical woman-in a collection of French short stories contemporary to Vesalius's De Fabrica: Jeanne Flore's Tales and Trials of Love (1542). Jeanne Flore's tales depict several mentally disturbed female protagonists, young women prone to paroxysms of madness and self-mutilation. This study maintains that while Tales and Trials of Love superficially participates in the literary tradition that grew out of those accepted social and medical beliefs, it also questions the long-accepted paradigm of female hysteria and points to a shift in the socio-medical climate...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026940/advanced-bioanalytics-for-precision-medicine
#17
Aldo Roda, Elisa Michelini, Cristiana Caliceti, Massimo Guardigli, Mara Mirasoli, Patrizia Simoni
Precision medicine is a new paradigm that combines diagnostic, imaging, and analytical tools to produce accurate diagnoses and therapeutic interventions tailored to the individual patient. This approach stands in contrast to the traditional "one size fits all" concept, according to which researchers develop disease treatments and preventions for an "average" patient without considering individual differences. The "one size fits all" concept has led to many ineffective or inappropriate treatments, especially for pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease and cancer...
October 12, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#18
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#19
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024958/a-computable-pathology-report-for-precision-medicine-extending-an-observables-ontology-unifying-snomed-ct-and-loinc
#20
Walter S Campbell, Daniel Karlsson, Daniel J Vreeman, Audrey J Lazenby, Geoffrey A Talmon, James R Campbell
Background: The College of American Pathologists (CAP) introduced the first cancer synoptic reporting protocols in 1998. However, the objective of a fully computable and machine-readable cancer synoptic report remains elusive due to insufficient definitional content in Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) and Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC). To address this terminology gap, investigators at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) are developing, authoring, and testing a SNOMED CT observable ontology to represent the data elements identified by the synoptic worksheets of CAP...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
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