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nutrition* AND lung cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302993/content-analysis-of-news-coverage-on-cancer-prevention-and-screening-in-japanese-newspapers
#1
Rina Miyawaki, Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka
Objectives The present study investigated articles on cancer prevention published in Japanese newspapers in 2011.Methods A content analysis of news coverage on cancer primary prevention and screening was conducted. Articles which mentioned cancer risk, prevention, and screening were extracted. For all articles on prevention, the newspaper's name, month of publication, and information source were checked. Coding variables for articles on primary prevention included causes of human cancer, risk and/or prevention, and recommended screening criteria...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294105/breath-acetone-as-a-potential-marker-in-clinical-practice
#2
Vera Ruzsanyi, Miklós Kalapos
In recent decades, two facts have changed the opinion of researchers about the function of acetone in humans. Firstly, it has turned out that acetone cannot be regarded as simply a waste product of metabolism, because there are several pathways in which acetone is produced or broken down. Secondly, methods have emerged making possible its detection in exhaled breath, thereby offering an attractive alternative to investigation of blood and urine samples. From a clinical point of view the measurement of breath acetone levels are important, but there are limitations to its wide application...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#3
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287324/the-effect-of-a-home-delivery-meal-service-of-energy-and-protein-rich-meals-on-quality-of-life-in-malnourished-outpatients-suffering-from-lung-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Eva Leedo, Josephine Gade, Sabrina Granov, Anders Mellemgaard, Tobias Wirenfeldt Klausen, Katrine Rask, Arne Astrup
Undernutrition is prevalent in cancer patients and associated with increased incidence of complications and mortality. We investigated the effects of a home delivery meal service, providing a selection of energy-dense, protein-rich meals, on quality of life (QoL) in malnourished lung cancer patients. Forty lung cancer patients with nutritional risk score ≥3 (NRS-2002) were randomized to control or intervention. The intervention group was offered energy- and protein-rich main meals and snacks, delivered 3 times per week...
April 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280921/the-effect-of-a-geriatric-assessment-on-treatment-decisions-for-patients-with-lung-cancer
#5
Karlijn J G Schulkes, Esteban T D Souwer, Marije E Hamaker, Henk Codrington, Simone van der Sar-van der Brugge, Jan-Willem J Lammers, Johanneke E A Portielje, Leontine J R van Elden, Frederiek van den Bos
BACKGROUND: Decision-making for older patients with lung cancer can be complex and challenging. A geriatric assessment (GA) may be helpful and is increasingly being used since 2005 when SIOG advised to incorporate this in standard work-up for the elderly with cancer. Our aim was to evaluate the value of a geriatric assessment in decision-making for patients with lung cancer. METHODS: Between January 2014 and April 2016, data on patients with lung cancer from two teaching hospitals in the Netherlands were entered in a prospective database...
March 9, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264875/prediagnostic-calcium-intake-and-lung-cancer-survival-a-pooled-analysis-of-12-cohort-studies
#6
Danxia Yu, Yumie Takata, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, William Blot, Norie Sawada, Emily White, Neal Freedman, Kim Robien, Edward L Giovannucci, Xuehong Zhang, Yikyung Park, Yu-Tang Gao, Rowan T Chlebowski, Arnulf Langhammer, Gong Yang, Gianluca Severi, Jonas Manjer, Kay-Tee Khaw, Elisabete Weiderpass, Linda M Liao, Neil E Caporaso, Steinar Krokstad, Kristian Hveem, Rashmi Sinha, Regina G Ziegler, Shoichiro Tsugsane, Yong-Bing Xiang, Mattias Johannson, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. Little is known about whether prediagnostic nutritional factors may affect survival. We examined the associations of prediagnostic calcium intake from foods and/or supplements with lung cancer survival. METHODS: The present analysis included 23,882 incident, primary lung cancer patients from 12 prospective cohort studies. Dietary calcium intake was assessed using food-frequency questionnaires at baseline in each cohort and standardized to caloric intake of 2000 kcal/d for women and 2500 kcal/d for men...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247128/the-self-care-practices-of-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-poor-prognosis-cancer-differences-by-varying-levels-of-caregiver-well-being-and-preparedness
#7
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle B Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie A Bakitas
PURPOSE: Little is known about the impact of family caregiving for adults with poor prognosis cancer on caregivers' own individual self-care practices. We explored differences in caregivers' discrete self-care practices associated with varying levels of caregiver well-being, preparedness, and decision-making self-efficacy. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey within eight community-based southeastern U.S. cancer centers was conducted. Family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head and neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of individual self-care practices (health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep), well-being (anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life [HRQoL]), preparedness, and decision-making self-efficacy...
March 1, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244415/a-randomized-phase-2-trial-of-prophylactic-manuka-honey-for-the-reduction-of-chemoradiation-therapy-induced-esophagitis-during-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-results-of-nrg-oncology-rtog-1012
#8
Shannon E Fogh, Snehal Deshmukh, Lawrence B Berk, Amylou C Dueck, Kevin Roof, Sherif Yacoub, Thomas Gergel, Kevin Stephans, Andreas Rimner, Albert DeNittis, John Pablo, Justin Rineer, Terence M Williams, Deborah Bruner
PURPOSE: Randomized trials have shown that honey is effective for the prevention of radiation-induced mucositis in head and neck cancer patients. Because there is no efficacious preventative for radiation esophagitis in lung cancer patients, this trial compared liquid honey, honey lozenges, and standard supportive care for radiation esophagitis. METHODS: The patients were stratified by percentage of esophagus receiving specific radiation dose (V60 Gy esophagus <30% or ≥30%) and were then randomized between supportive care, 10 mL of liquid manuka honey 4 times a day, and 2 lozenges (10 mL of dehydrated manuka honey) 4 times a day during concurrent chemotherapy and radiation therapy...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219213/-clinical-application-value-of-prognostic-nutritional-index-for-predicting-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
W J Xu, Y M Kang, L Zhou, F F Chen, Y H Song, C Q Zhang
Objective: To explore the clinical application value of prognostic nutritional index(PNI) for predicting overall survival(OS) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: 123 patients with histologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer were enrolled in this study, and their clinical and laboratory data were reviewed. The PNI was calculated as 10×serum albumin value+ 5×total lymphocyte countin peripheral blood.Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the potential prognostic factors for advanced NSCLC...
February 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198990/corticosteroids-and-hip-fracture-risk-in-elderly-respiratory-patients-epic-greece-cohort
#10
Anna Karakatsani, Michail Katsoulis, Eleni Klinaki, Antonia Trichopoulou
INTRODUCTION: In an ageing population the prevalence of osteoporosis and chronic respiratory diseases is expected to increase in the near future. Interestingly, several forms of corticosteroids, drugs implicated in osteoporosis pathogenesis, are prescribed to respiratory patients without taking into consideration their age and risk for osteoporotic fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk for hip fracture of the elder individuals who are taking corticosteroids for respiratory disease, including inhalers...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193264/the-clinical-picture-of-cachexia-a-mosaic-of-different-parameters-experience-of-503-patients
#11
S Schwarz, O Prokopchuk, K Esefeld, S Gröschel, J Bachmann, S Lorenzen, H Friess, M Halle, M E Martignoni
BACKGROUND: Despite our growing knowledge about the pathomechanisms of cancer cachexia, a whole clinical picture of the cachectic patient is still missing. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical characteristics in cancer patients with and without cachexia to get the whole picture of a cachectic patient. METHODS: Cancer patients of the University Clinic "Klinikum rechts der Isar" with gastrointestinal, gynecological, hematopoietic, lung and some other tumors were offered the possibility to take part in the treatment concept including a nutrition intervention and an individual training program according to their capability...
February 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179325/the-preoperative-controlling-nutritional-status-score-predicts-survival-after-curative-surgery-in-patients-with-pathological-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Fumihiro Shoji, Naoki Haratake, Takaki Akamine, Shinkichi Takamori, Masakazu Katsura, Kazuki Takada, Gouji Toyokawa, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The prognostic Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score is used to evaluate immuno-nutritional conditions and is a predictive factor of postoperative survival in patients with digestive tract cancer. We retrospectively analyzed clinicopathological features of patients with pathological stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to identify predictors or prognostic factors of postoperative survival and to investigate the role of preoperative CONUT score in predicting survival...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156583/developing-a-supportive-oncology-program-in-a-cancer-institute-needs-assessment
#13
Tara Liberman, James D'Olimpio, Maria Carney
141 Background: Cancer patients experience significant symptom and psychosocial burden (Temel JS, et. al. N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 19; 363(8):733-42. Early palliative care for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.). Integration of supportive oncology programs within cancer centers has developed since the findings of Temel and Jackson. Addressing a growing need to manage patients comprehensively, the Northwell Health Divisions of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine and Hematology and Oncology partnered to initiate a community-based supportive oncology program...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156569/differences-in-self-care-behaviors-by-varying-levels-of-caregiving-intensity-performance-and-well-being-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-high-mortality-cancer
#14
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Betty Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Ann Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie Bakitas
239 Background: Family caregivers of high-mortality cancer patients perform vital tasks that deter from their own self-care. We aimed to determine differences in self-care behaviors by varying levels of caregiving intensity, well-being, and performance. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in community settings of 8 cancer centers in AL, FL, and TN. Two-hundred and ninety-four family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head & neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of self-care behaviors, including health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep; anxiety and depression; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); caregiver competence and preparedness; and decision-making self-efficacy...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#15
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143460/chlorella-sorokiniana-induces-mitochondrial-mediated-apoptosis-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-and-inhibits-xenograft-tumor-growth-in-vivo
#16
Ping-Yi Lin, Ching-Tsan Tsai, Wan-Ling Chuang, Ya-Hsuan Chao, I-Horng Pan, Yu-Kuo Chen, Chi-Chen Lin, Bing-Yen Wang
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths worldwide. Marine microalgae are a source of biologically active compounds and are widely consumed as a nutritional supplement in East Asian countries. It has been reported that Chlorella or Chlorella extracts have various beneficial pharmacological compounds that modulate immune responses; however, no studies have investigated the anti-cancer effects of Chlorella sorokiniana (CS) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
February 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133202/-cr-of-all-target-lesions-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-esophageal-cancer-and-generalized-weakness-treated-with-systemic-chemotherapy-after-nutritional-support
#17
Shigeru Fujisaki, Motoi Takashina, Ryouichi Tomita, Kenichi Sakurai, Tadatoshi Takayama
We report here a case of CR of all target lesions in a patient with esophageal cancer with multiple metastases treated with systemic chemotherapy after nutritionalsupport. A 75-year-old man was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of multiple- metastatic esophagealcancer in June 2014. He showed generalized weakness with poor dietary intake, and he was initially admitted for nutritional support by parenteral nutrition. Biopsy specimens revealed mixed squamous- and adenocarcinoma: MtLtUtAeG, 13 cm, type 2, cT3, IM1-St, cN3, cM1(liver, lungs, and stomach), cStage IV b esophagealcarcinoma...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107410/prognostic-impact-of-ct-quantified-muscle-and-fat-distribution-before-and-after-first-line-chemotherapy-in-lung-cancer-patients
#18
Johanna Nattenmüller, Raoul Wochner, Thomas Muley, Martin Steins, Simone Hummler, Birgit Teucher, Joachim Wiskemann, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Mark Oliver Wielpütz, Claus Peter Heussel
INTRODUCTION: Cachexia and sarcopenia are associated with poor outcome and increased chemotherapy-induced toxicity in lung cancer patients. However, the complex interplay of obesity, sarcopenia and cachexia, and its impact on survival in the context of first-line-chemotherapy is not yet understood. METHODS: In 200 consecutively recruited lung cancer patients (70 female, mean age 62y; mean BMI 25 kg/m2; median follow-up 15.97 months) with routine staging-CT before and after chemotherapy (CTX, mean interval: 4...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107038/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-korean-cancer-survivors-based-on-data-obtained-by-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2008-2011
#19
Eun Young Kim, Kirang Kim, Young Saing Kim, Hee Kyung Ahn, Yu Mi Jeong, Jeong Ho Kim, Won-Jun Choi
Using a representative dataset from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011, we analyzed anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-determined body composition findings for 493 cancer survivors (mean age a61.1 ± 12.6 years; 35.7% male). A much higher proportion of men (30.1%) than women (0.6%) met the criteria of sarcopenia. Subjects with a history of lung cancer, genitourinary cancer, or gastric cancer were prone to develop sarcopenia (31.6%, 26...
April 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104436/capsaicin-synergizes-with-camptothecin-to-induce-increased-apoptosis-in-human-small-cell-lung-cancers-via-the-calpain-pathway
#20
Jamie R Friedman, Haley E Perry, Kathleen C Brown, Ying Gao, Ju Lin, Cathyrn D Stevenson, John D Hurley, Nicholas A Nolan, Austin T Akers, Yi Charlie Chen, Krista L Denning, Linda G Brown, Piyali Dasgupta
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is characterized by excellent initial response to chemotherapy and radiation therapy with a majority of the patients showing tumor shrinkage and even remission. However, the challenge with SCLC therapy is that patients inevitably relapse and subsequently do not respond to the first line treatment. Recent clinical studies have investigated the possibility of camptothecin-based combination therapy as first line treatment for SCLC patients. Conventionally, camptothecin is used for recurrent SCLC and has poor survival outcomes...
April 1, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
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