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Hispanic Mexican

Joseph S Domino, Jonggyu Baek, William J Meurer, Nelda Garcia, Lewis B Morgenstern, Morgan Campbell, Lynda D Lisabeth
OBJECTIVE: To explore temporal trends in tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) administration for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in a biethnic community without an academic medical center and variation in trends by age, sex, ethnicity, and stroke severity. METHODS: Cases of AIS were identified from 7 hospitals in the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) project, a population-based surveillance study between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2012. tPA, demographics, and stroke severity as assessed by the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) were ascertained from medical records...
October 21, 2016: Neurology
Kerstin Gerst Emerson, Jennifer Gay
The goals of this study were 1) to test the relative contribution of light-intensity and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) to Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk in older adults, and 2) to examine the influence of ethnicity. We used pooled data from the 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 waves of the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). The sample consisted of 1,171 White, Black and Mexican American adults aged 65 and older. Using ordinary least squares regression, we showed no statistically significant relationship between lower CVD risk with light intensity activity...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Rebecca J Schwei, Timothy P Johnson, Alicia K Matthews, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: Our two study objectives were: (1) to understand the relationship between the perception of a previous negative health-care experience and race/ethnicity, and how socio-demographic, access-to-health-care, and self-reported health variables modified this relationship; and (2) to assess how many behaviors participants reported changing as a result of experiencing a perceived negative health-care experience, which behaviors they changed, and if there were differences in patterns of change across racial/ethnic groups...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Eric G James, Phillip Conatser, Murat Karabulut, Suzanne G Leveille, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Sarah Cote, Katherine L Tucker, Bruce Barton, Jonathan F Bean, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older Mexican-Americans who cannot speak and/or understand spoken English have higher rates of mobility limitations or fear of falling than their English-speaking counterparts. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1169 community-dwelling Mexican-Americans aged 72-96 years from the 2000-2001 wave of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly. Mobility limitations were defined as having a Short Physical Performance Battery score ≤9, and fear of falling by participant report of being somewhat, fairly, or very afraid of falling...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Katherine Spradley, Kyra E Stull, Joseph T Hefner
Research by economists suggests that recent Mexican migrants are better educated and have higher socioeconomic status (SES) than previous migrants. Because factors associated with higher SES and improved education can lead to positive secular changes in overall body form, secular changes in the craniofacial complex were analyzed within a recent migrant group from Mexico. The Mexican group represents individuals in the act of migration, not yet influenced by the American environment, and thus can serve as a starting point for future studies of secular change in this population group...
January 2016: Human Biology
R Jeanne Ruiz, Jerome Trzeciakowski, Tiffany Moore, Kimberly S Ayers, Rita H Pickler
Chronic stress may accelerate cellular aging. Telomeres, protective "caps" at the end of chromosomes, modulate cellular aging and may be good biomarkers for the effects of chronic stress, including that associated with acculturation. The purpose of this analysis was to examine telomere length (TL) in acculturating Hispanic Mexican American women and to determine the associations among TL, acculturation, and psychological factors. As part of a larger cross-sectional study of 516 pregnant Hispanic Mexican American women, we analyzed DNA in blood samples (N = 56) collected at 22-24 weeks gestation for TL as an exploratory measure using monochrome multiplex quantitative telomere polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
October 12, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
G Blair Sarbacker, David V Espino, Robert C Wood, Sandra L Oakes, Dheeraj Anand, Kyriakos A Markides
AIM: Studies examining the association between mortality and anticholinergic burden in the geriatric population are conflicting and are absent in the Mexican American population. The present study aimed to determine whether higher anticholinergic burden increases mortality in a cohort representative of community-based older Mexican Americans in the USA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort database study used the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly cohort...
October 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Maya Balakrishnan, Fasiha Kanwal, Hashem B El-Serag, Aaron P Thrift
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
(no author information available yet)
From 1988-1994 to 2007-2014, the percentage of children aged 1-5 years with blood lead levels ≥5 μg/dL declined from 25.6% to 1.9%. Blood lead levels fell dramatically for all racial and ethnic groups. Despite the decline, in 2007-2014, non-Hispanic black children (4.0%) aged 1-5 years were twice as likely as non-Hispanic white children (1.9%) and more than three times as likely as Mexican American children (1.1%) to have elevated blood lead levels.
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Meghan K Edwards, Ovuokerie Addoh, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: The predictive validity of the Pooled Cohort risk (PCR) equations for residual-specific mortality (deaths not resulting from the 9 leading causes of death) among a national sample of U.S. adults has not previously been evaluated, which was the purpose of this study. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used, with participants followed up through December 31, 2011 to ascertain mortality status. The analyzed sample included 11,171 cardiovascular disease-free adults (40-79 years of age)...
October 4, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
Miriam Mutambudzi, Nai-Wei Chen, Kyriakos S Markides, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of co-occurring depressive symptoms and functional disability on mortality in older Mexican-American adults with diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (HEPESE) survey conducted in the southwestern United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, California). PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Mexican Americans with self-reported diabetes mellitus participating in the HEPESE survey (N = 624)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Bijou R Hunt
Background. This paper presents data on breast cancer prevalence and mortality among US Hispanics and Hispanic subgroups, including Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central American, and South American. Methods. Five-year average annual female breast cancer prevalence and mortality rates for 2009-2013 were examined using data from the National Health Interview Survey (prevalence) and the National Center for Health Statistics and the American Community Survey (mortality rates). Results. Overall breast cancer prevalence among US Hispanic women was 1...
2016: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
Bilikisu R Elewonibi, Amy D Thierry, Patricia Y Miranda
Minority and foreign-born women report lower rates of mammograms compared to non-Hispanic white, U.S.-born women, even though they have increased risk for developing breast cancer. We examine disparities in mammography across breast cancer risk groups and determine whether disparities are explained by socioeconomic factors. Propensity score methodology was used to classify individuals from the 2000, 2005, and 2010 National Health Interview Survey according to their risk for developing breast cancer. Logistic regression models were used to predict the likelihood of mammography...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Elizabeth Reifsnider, Jenna Flowers, Michael Todd, Jennie Bever Babendure, Michael Moramarco
OBJECTIVE: To determine if symptoms of postpartum depression and postpartum weight varied according to the level of breastfeeding among women of Mexican origin at 1 month and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: Secondary quantitative analysis to study the differences in postpartum weight and depression among the mothers in the study who breastfed and those who did not. SETTING: A heavily Hispanic community located in a major Southwestern U.S. city...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Alexandra Perez, Andrea Levin, Nowrin Alam
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the use of clinical-guideline-recommended antihypertensive regimens among Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic blacks and whites with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. METHODS: A secondary data analysis based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2012 cohort data included 1857 noninstitutionalized civilian MA, black, and white adults with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Unadjusted and adjusted 2-way analysis of variance models evaluated whether there was a difference in the use of recommended antihypertensive regimens across race/ethnic group...
September 12, 2016: Diabetes Educator
Brian Downer, Sunshine Rote, Kyriakos S Markides, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVE: To examine the individual and combined effects of depression and diabetes on mortality and disability over 6 years among Mexican Americans aged ≥75. METHOD: The final sample included 1,785 participants from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratios for incidence for mortality and disability according to diabetes and depressive symptoms...
January 2016: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Josiemer Mattei, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Martha L Daviglus, Linda C Gallo, Marc Gellman, Frank B Hu, Katherine L Tucker, Walter C Willett, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Linda Van Horn, Robert C Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Healthful diet quality has been associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in several populations, but reports on Hispanic and Latino cohorts, grouped or by ethnic background, have been limited and inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine diet quality by using the 2010 Alternate Healthy Eating Index [(AHEI) range: 0-110, lowest to highest quality] and its cross-sectional association with MetS and its cardiometabolic components across 6 Hispanic and Latino backgrounds...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Raja M Flores, Bian Liu, Emanuela Taioli
This study was performed to quantify the association between mortality and known and unknown secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure as measured by cotinine levels in non-smokers. Data collected from 1999 to 2010 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were linked to the National Death Index. Self-reported non-smokers aged ≥20 years (N = 20 175) were studied. Serum cotinine was measured at recruitment; non-smokers were those with cotinine below the reported race-specific cut-off points (5...
September 7, 2016: Carcinogenesis
Kala M Mehta, Gwen W Yeo
OBJECTIVE: To identify incidence and prevalence of dementia in racial and ethnic populations in the United States. METHODS: A systematic review of literature. RESULTS: A total of 1215 studies were reviewed; 114 were included. Dementia prevalence rates reported for age 65+ years from a low of 6.3% in Japanese Americans, 12.9% in Caribbean Hispanic Americans, 12.2% in Guamanian Chamorro and ranged widely in African Americans from 7.2% to 20...
September 3, 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
Brian Downer, Nai-Wei Chen, Mukaila Raji, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To identify distinct trajectories for global cognition, memory, and non-memory domains among Mexican American adults 75 years of age and older. METHODS: The final sample included 1336 participants of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly observed during four Waves from 2004-2005 to 2012-2013. Latent class growth curve models were used to identify distinct trajectories for global cognition, memory, and non-memory...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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