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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726338/household-fear-of-deportation-in-mexican-origin-families-relation-to-body-mass-index-percentiles-and-salivary-uric-acid
#1
Airín D Martínez, Lillian Ruelas, Douglas A Granger
OBJECTIVE: Fear of deportation (FOD) is a prevalent concern among mixed-status families. Yet, our understanding of how FOD shapes human health and development is in its infancy. To begin to address this knowledge gap, we examined the relationship between household FOD, body mass index (BMI) percentiles and salivary uric acid (sUA), a biomarker related to oxidative stress/hypertension/metabolic syndrome, among 111 individuals living in Mexican-origin families. METHODS: Participants were 65 children (2 months-17 years, 49% female) and 46 adults (20-58 years, 71% female) living in 30 Mexican-origin families with at least one immigrant parent in Phoenix, AZ...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722672/ethnic-heterogeneity-and-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-latino-men-a-population-based-study
#2
Felix M Chinea, Vivek N Patel, Deukwoo Kwon, Narottam Lamichhane, Chris Lopez, Sanoj Punnen, Erin N Kobetz, Matthew C Abramowitz, Alan Pollack
BACKGROUND: Few studies focus on prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes in Hispanic/Latino men. Our study explores whether Hispanic/Latino subgroups demonstrate significantly different prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) relative to Non-Hispanic White (NHW) and Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) men. METHODS: We extracted a population-based cohort of men diagnosed with local-regional PCa from 2000-2013 (n= 486,865). PCSM was measured in racial/ethnic groups: NHW (n=352,886), NHB (n= 70,983), Hispanic/Latino (n= 40,462), and Asian American/Pacific Islander (n= 22,534)...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718665/prevalence-of-low-vitamin-d-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-in-a-predominantly-hispanic-population-at-the-american-mexican-border
#3
Safa E Farrag, Alok K Dwivedi, Salman Otoukesh, Nabeel J Badri, Luis A Sanchez, Zeina A Nahleh
INTRODUCTION: Low level of vitamin D (VD) has been linked with a higher risk of cancers. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of low VD in patients with breast cancer in a predominantly Mexican Hispanic/Latino patient population, a fast growing and relatively understudied population. MATERIALS/METHODS: We sought to evaluate the serum VD levels in breast cancer patients diagnosed at the Texas Tech University Breast Cancer Center in El Paso, TX, between May 2013 and May2014 via a retrospective chart review of the Electronic Medical Records...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713584/fitness-adjusted-racial-disparities-in-central-adiposity-among-women-in-the-usa-using-quantile-regression
#4
S McDonald, A Ortaglia, C Supino, M Kacka, M Clenin, M Bottai
OBJECTIVE: This study comprehensively explores racial/ethnic disparities in waist circumference (WC) after adjusting for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), among both adult and adolescent women, across WC percentiles. METHODS: Analysis was conducted using data from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Female participants (n = 3,977) aged 12-49 years with complete data on CRF, height, weight and WC were included. Quantile regression models, stratified by age groups (12-15, 16-19 and 20-49 years), were used to assess the association between WC and race/ethnicity adjusting for CRF, height and age across WC percentiles (10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th and 95th)...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692819/physical-activity-modifies-the-influence-of-apolipoprotein-e-%C3%AE%C2%B54-allele-and-type-2-diabetes-on-dementia-and-cognitive-impairment-among-older-mexican-americans
#5
I-Fan Shih, Kimberly Paul, Mary Haan, Yu Yu, Beate Ritz
INTRODUCTION: The etiologies of dementia are complex and influenced by genetic and environmental factors including medical conditions. METHODS: We used Cox regression model to estimate the individual and joint effects of physical activity (PA), apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4, and diabetes status on risk of dementia and cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND) among 1438 cognitively intact Mexican American elderly who were followed up to 10 years. RESULTS: The risk of developing dementia/CIND was increased more than threefold in APOE ε4 carriers or diabetics with low levels of PA compared with ε4 noncarriers or nondiabetics who engaged in high PA (ε4: hazard ratio [HR] = 3...
July 7, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686148/national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-california-and-los-angeles-county-estimation-methods-and-analytic-considerations-1999-2006-and-2007-2014
#6
Jennifer D Parker, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Leyla K Mohadjer, Sylvia M Dohrmann, Wendy Van de Kerckhove, Jason Clark, Vicki L Burt
Background California is the most populated state and Los Angeles County is the most populated county in the United States. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample weights and variance units were developed for these places to obtain subnational estimates. Objective This report describes the California and Los Angeles County NHANES 1999-2006 and 2007-2014 samples, including the creation of the sample weights and variance units and descriptions of the resulting data files. Some analytic guidelines are provided...
May 2017: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 2, Data Evaluation and Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682651/the-impact-of-10-year-physical-activity-changes-on-7-year-mortality-in-older-mexican-americans
#7
Zakkoyya H Lewis, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between 10-years of change in physical activity levels and 7-year all-cause mortality. METHODS: Mexican-American adults aged 67 and older (N=803) participating in the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (1995/1996 to 2012/2013) were included. All-cause mortality was our outcome. Participants were divided into four groups based on their difference in overall physical activity between 1995/1996 and 2005/2006 measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678640/alcohol-use-abuse-and-help-seeking-among-u-s-adults-the-role-of-racial-ethnic-origin-and-foreign-born-status
#8
Magdalena Szaflarski, Daniel H Klepinger, Lisa A Cubbins
We used data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to examine racial-ethnic and nativity-based variations in alcohol use/abuse and treatment seeking while accounting for acculturation, stress, and social integration factors. The dependent variables included alcohol use, risky drinking, DSM-IV alcohol use disorder, and treatment seeking in the past 12 months. Racial-ethnic categories included African, European, Asian/Pacific Islander, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676192/eosinophilic-esophagitis-the-north-against-the-south-a-bio-economic-social-mechanistic-approach-and-clinical-implications
#9
D García-Compeán, J A González-González, E I González-Moreno, H J Maldonado-Garza
Eosinophilic esophagitis is a chronic antigen-mediated disease characterized by esophageal symptoms, esophageal eosinophilia, and the absence of response to proton pump inhibitors. It is the most frequent cause of dysphagia and food impaction in adults. Its incidence and prevalence is very high in the developed countries (USA, Europe, Australia), where its connotation is that of an emerging epidemic. While studies have been published with large case series in the developed countries, those published in Latin America are small or consist of isolated case reports...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674622/use-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-us-adults-changes-over-time-and-by-demographic
#10
Jennifer S Davis, Hwa Young Lee, Jihye Kim, Shailesh M Advani, Ho-Lan Peng, Emilyn Banfield, Ernest T Hawk, Shine Chang, Alexis C Frazier-Wood
OBJECTIVE: Aspirin and non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are preventive against cardiovascular disease (CVD) and several cancer types, but long-term use has been associated with significant health risks, resulting in conflicting recommendations on NSAID use for prevention of CVD and cancer. Previous research indicates that aspirin use increases with age and CVD risk factors and that a large percentage of the US population regularly use analgesics, including NSAIDs, but there has not been a recent, in-depth assessment of NSAID use prevalence, changes in use over time or predictors of NSAID use in the USA...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673089/rural-collaborative-model-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management-a-case-study
#11
Susan Kunz, Maia Ingram, Rosalinda Piper, Tianne Wu, Nina Litton, Joanne Brady, Alana Knudson
Diabetes disproportionately affects racial and ethnic minorities, rural, and impoverished populations. This case study describes the program components and key lessons learned from implementing Vivir Mejor! (Live Better!), a diabetes prevention and management program tailored for the rural, Mexican American population. The program used workforce innovations and multisector partnerships to engage and activate a rural, mostly Hispanic population. Community health worker (CHW) roles were designed to reach and support distinct populations...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669238/stress-across-generations-a-qualitative-study-of-stress-coping-and-caregiving-among-mexican-immigrant-mothers
#12
Amy L Non, Gabriela León-Pérez, Holly Glass, Emma Kelly, Nanibaa' A Garrison
OBJECTIVE: Hispanic immigrants represent the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority within the US, justifying increased attention to identify factors that influence declining immigrant health across generations. This study investigates the range of psychosocial stress exposures and coping mechanisms of Mexican immigrant mothers, and implications for the health of their US-born children. DESIGN: We conducted 10 focus groups with 1st generation Mexican-born immigrant mothers (n = 32 women) in Nashville, TN, in the summer of 2014...
July 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656690/neighborhood-perception-and-self-rated-health-among-mexican-american-older-adults
#13
Samuel Stroope, Isaiah F A Cohen, Joshua C Tom, Aaron B Franzen, Matthew A Valasik, Kyriakos S Markides
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between neighborhood perception and poor self-rated health among older Mexican Americans, adjusting for important background characteristics, such as neighborhood ethnic composition and other health conditions. METHODS: Drawing on the 2004-2005 Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly data (n = 1780), the present study used logistic regression to examine the effects of neighborhood perception on poor self-rated health of older Mexican Americans...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639204/a-cross-national-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-teen-dating-violence-in-mexico-and-the-united-states
#14
Samantha Ludin, Jessika H Bottiani, Katrina Debnam, Mercedes Gabriela Orozco Solis, Catherine P Bradshaw
Involvement in dating violence has been linked with negative health outcomes including depressive symptomology, substance use, and later expressions of aggressing and victimizing behaviors. Less is known about the prevalence and mental health correlates of teen dating violence in countries like Mexico where adult partner violence is high. Additional research on teen dating violence is also needed, as it may be an important precursor to adult partner violence and linked to other mental health problems. The current study used self-report ratings to assess the similarities and differences in risk factors associated with dating violence among middle school students in Mexico and the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629279/understanding-determinants-of-cardiovascular-health-in-a-mexican-american-community
#15
Karen A Larimer, Meg Gulanick, Sue Penckofer
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Hispanic Americans. Social and physical determinants of health unique to this community must be understood before interventions can be designed and implemented. This article describes a CVD risk assessment conducted in a primarily Mexican American community, using Healthy People 2020 as a model. Social (language, culture, awareness of CVD, and socio-economic status) and physical (presence and use of recreation areas, presence of grocery stores, public transportation, and environmental pollution) determinants of health as well as access to health services were assessed...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613924/spirometry-reference-equations-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#16
Lisa LaVange, Sonia M Davis, John Hankinson, Paul Enright, Rebbecca Wilson, R Graham Barr, Thomas K Aldrich, Ravi Kalhan, Hector Lemus, Ai Ni, Lewis J Smith, Gregory A Talavera
RATIONALE: Accurate reference values for spirometry are important, as the results are used for diagnosing common chronic lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, estimating physiological impairment, and predicting all-cause mortality. Reference equations have been established for Mexican Americans but not for other Hispanic/Latino backgrounds. OBJECTIVES: To develop spirometry reference equations for adult Hispanic/Latino background groups in the United States...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610226/integrative-taxonomy-reveals-cryptic-diversity-in-neotropical-grasshoppers-taxonomy-phylogenetics-and-evolution-of-the-genus-i-sphenarium-i-charpentier-1842-orthoptera-pyrgomorphidae
#17
Salomón Sanabria-Urbán, Hojun Song, Ken Oyama, Antonio González-Rodríguez, Raúl Cueva Del Castillo
The genus Sphenarium Charpentier, 1842 comprises the most diverse group of the New World Pyrgomorphidae. These grasshoppers show an extensive variation in external morphology, and are culturally and economically important for Mexican people since pre-Hispanic times. Nevertheless, the taxonomy of Sphenarium has been chaotic and remained incompletely resolved until now. Following an integrative taxonomic framework, we infer the number of species in this genus by species delimitation based on morphological, phylogenetic, and geographic information...
June 8, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597233/how-have-you-been-or-%C3%A2-como-est%C3%A3-s-does-language-of-interview-influences-self-rated-health-among-hispanic-subgroups
#18
Alexis R Santos-Lozada, Matthew J Martinez
This paper reports language differences in poor/fair self-rated health (SRH) among adults from six Hispanic groups in the United States. Data are from the cross-sectional 1997-2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The total sample of Hispanic adults with valid information for the variables considered in the study (n = 156,374) included Mexican-Americans (Mex-Am; n = 43,628), Mexicans (n = 55,057), Puerto Ricans (n = 14,631), Cubans (n = 8,041), Dominicans (from Dominican Republican, n = 4,359) and Other Hispanics (n = 30,658)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580662/development-and-assessment-of-postcranial-sex-estimation-methods-for-a-guatemalan-population
#19
Gillian Fowler, Cris Hughes
This study tests whether postcranial sex estimation methods generated from Hispanic, and mainly Mexican samples, can be successfully applied to other increasingly common migrant populations from Central America. We use a sample of postcranial data from a modern (1980s) Guatemalan Maya sample (n = 219). Results indicate a decrease in classification accuracies for previously established univariate methods when applied to the Guatemalan study sample, specifically for males whose accuracies ranged from 30 to 84%...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562265/trends-in-food-and-beverage-consumption-among-infants-and-toddlers-2005-2012
#20
Gandarvaka Miles, Anna Maria Siega-Riz
BACKGROUND: Nutritional guidance for infants and toddlers is lacking, and the diets of American children in the first 2 years of life are not well characterized. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the NHANES were used to describe the diets of 0- to 23-month-olds in the United States. Participants with complete dietary data were eligible for the analysis (N = 2359). Linear regression models were constructed to identify changes from 2005 to 2008 and from 2009 to 2012 in food and beverage consumption, both overall and within sociodemographic groups...
May 1, 2017: Pediatrics
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