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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344120/a-systematic-review-of-lifestyle-counseling-for-diverse-patients-in-primary-care
#1
REVIEW
Cathy L Melvin, Melanie S Jefferson, LaShanta J Rice, Lynne S Nemeth, Andrea M Wessell, Paul J Nietert, Chanita Hughes-Halbert
Prior research and systematic reviews have examined strategies related to weight management, less is known about lifestyle and behavioral counseling interventions optimally suited for implementation in primary care practices generally, and among racial and ethnic patient populations. Primary care practitioners may find it difficult to access and use available research findings on effective behavioral and lifestyle counseling strategies and to assess their effects health behaviors among their patients. This systematic review compiled existing evidence from randomized trials to inform primary care providers about which lifestyle and behavioral change interventions are shown to be effective for changing patients' diet, physical activity and weight outcomes...
March 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340545/a-comparison-of-the-use-of-antidepressant-treatment-between-non-hispanic-black-and-white-and-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#2
Alexandra Perez, Pierina Cabrera, Carolina Gutierrez, Jose Valdes
Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine antidepressant use among Mexican Americans (MA) and non-Hispanic (NH) blacks and whites with type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. Methods A secondary data analysis based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012 cohort data included 560 noninstitutionalized civilian MA, NH black, and NH white adults with type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. Unadjusted and adjusted 2-way ANOVA models evaluated whether there was a difference in the use of antidepressants by depressive symptom level across race/ethnic group...
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335374/beverage-consumption-among-u-s-children-aged-0-24-months-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#3
Carley A Grimes, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Theresa A Nicklas
Data on beverage consumption patterns in early life are limited. The aim of this study was to describe beverage consumption by sociodemographic characteristics, along with water intake and sources of water among U.S. children aged 0-24 months. Data from 2740 children in the 2005-2012 NHANES were analysed. Food intake was determined via one 24-h dietary recall. Beverages were categorised according to What We Eat In America groups. Poverty-Income ratio was used to define household income. During infancy (0-5...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330732/racial-ethnic-differences-in-weight-loss-strategies-among-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#4
Becky Marquez, Rosenda Murillo
BACKGROUND: Dieting, exercising, and seeking professional help have been associated with intentional weight loss among adults. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the use of diet (eg, ate less, ate less fat, or switched to low-calorie foods), exercise, diet and exercise, and professional help (eg, weight-loss program or prescribed diet pills) for weight loss among non-Hispanic whites, Mexican Americans, and non-Hispanic blacks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276089/life-space-mobility-and-cognitive-decline-among-mexican-americans-aged-75-years-and-older
#5
Seraina Silberschmidt, Amit Kumar, Mukaila M Raji, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-space mobility and cognitive decline over a five-year period among older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-two Mexican Americans aged 75 and older with normal or high cognitive function at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274345/making-the-cut-depression-screening-in-urban-general-hospital-clinics-for-culturally-diverse-latino-populations
#6
Damara Gutnick, Carole Siegel, Eugene Laska, Joseph Wanderling, Ellen Cogen Wagner, Gary Haugland, Mary K Conlon
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether the cut-point 10 for the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ9) depression screen used in primary care populations is equally valid for Mexicans (M), Ecuadorians (E), Puerto Ricans (PR) and non-Hispanic whites (W) from inner-city hospital-based primary care clinics; and whether stressful life events elevate scores and the probability of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Over 18-months, a sample of persons from hospital clinics with a positive initial PHQ2 and a subsequent PHQ9 were administered a stressful life event questionnaire and a Structured Clinical Interview to establish an MDD diagnosis, with oversampling of those between 8 and 12: (n=261: 75 E, 71 M, 51 PR, 64 W)...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265873/trends-in-the-levels-of-urine-and-serum-creatinine-data-from-nhanes-2001-2014
#7
Ram B Jain
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to study trends for urine and serum creatinine over 2001-2014 for those aged ≥20 years. In the absence of chronic kidney disease, levels of urine creatinine decreased for the total population, for those aged 20-29, 50-59, and ≥70 years, for males, and for Mexican Americans and other race/ethnicities. Levels of serum cotinine also exhibited a decreasing trend over 2001-2014 for the total population, for those aged 20-29 and 40-49 years, for females, and for non-Hispanic whites and Mexican Americans...
March 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262190/genetic-component-of-type-2-diabetes-in-a-mexican-population
#8
REVIEW
Katy Sánchez-Pozos, Marta Menjívar
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. In this regard, it has been demonstrated that Hispanics have a greater susceptibility to developing complex diseases like T2D, which has been attributed to their Amerindian component. Mexico has a wide population variety as a result of Amerindian (56-69%), European (26-41.8%) and African (1.8-6%) ancestral components. The stratification of the population has made difficult the study of T2D in the Mexican population...
October 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241878/standardized-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-are-inversely-associated-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nhanes-2001-2010
#9
Banaz Al-Khalidi, Samantha M Kimball, Michael A Rotondi, Chris I Ardern
BACKGROUND: Previously reported associations between vitamin D status, as measured by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, and cardiometabolic risk factors were largely limited by variability in 25(OH)D assay performance. In accordance with the Vitamin D Standardization Program, serum 25(OH)D measurement was recently standardized in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to reduce laboratory and method related differences in serum 25(OH)D results...
February 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223429/cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-ethnic-groups
#10
Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Rebecca L Siegel, Hongbin Jin, Cyllene R Morris, Edward J Trapido, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death among Hispanics. The burden of cancer mortality within Hispanic groups has not been well quantified.Methods: Cancer mortality rates for 2008-2012 in Florida were computed on the basis of race, ethnicity, and birthplace, specifically focusing on major Hispanic groups-Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central Americans, South Americans, and Dominicans. Age-adjusted mortality rate ratios derived from negative binomial regression were used to compare Hispanics, aggregated and by group, to nonHispanic whites (NHW)...
March 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205551/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#11
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166169/spanish-translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-foot-and-ankle-outcomes-questionnaire-in-mexican-americans-with-traumatic-foot-and-ankle-injuries
#12
Boris A Zelle, Ben S Francisco, James P Bossman, Roberto J Fajardo, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Hispanics represent the largest minority group within the US population accounting for an estimated 55.4 million individuals. Enrolling Hispanics into clinical outcome studies is important in order for study populations to be externally valid and representative of the US population. Inclusion of Mexican-Americans in clinical studies is frequently limited by the lack of validated outcome measures. The goal of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Foot and Ankle Outcomes Questionnaire (AAOS-FAOQ) in Mexican-Americans with traumatic foot and ankle injuries...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162842/effect-of-relocation-to-the-u-s-on-asthma-risk-among-hispanics
#13
Elina Jerschow, Garrett Strizich, Xiaonan Xue, Golda Hudes, Simon Spivack, Victoria Persky, Guadalupe X Ayala, Alan Delamater, Youngmee Kim, Erin Etzel, Jianwen Cai, Robert C Kaplan
INTRODUCTION: Asthma prevalence is reportedly higher among U.S.-born relative to foreign-born Hispanics/Latinos. Little is known about rates of asthma onset before and after relocation to the U.S. in Latinos. Asthma rates were examined by U.S. residence and country/territory of origin. METHODS: In 2015-2016, age at first onset of asthma symptoms was analyzed, defined retrospectively from a cross-sectional survey in 2008-2011, in relation to birthplace and U.S. residence among 15,573 U...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162001/genetic-affiliation-of-pre-hispanic-and-contemporary-mayas-through-maternal-linage
#14
Mirna Isabel Ochoa-Lugo, María de Lourdes Muñoz, Gerardo Pérez-Ramírez, Kristine G Beaty, Mauro López-Armenta, Javiera Cervini-Silva, Miguel Moreno-Galeana, Adrián Martínez Meza, Eduardo Ramos, Michael H Crawford, Arturo Romano-Pacheco
Maya civilization developed in Mesoamerica and encompassed the Yucatan Peninsula, Guatemala, Belize, part of the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas, and the western parts of Honduras and El Salvador. This civilization persisted approximately 3,000 years and was one of the most advanced of its time, possessing the only known full writing system at the time, as well as art, sophisticated architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. This civilization reached the apex of its power and influence during the Preclassic period, from 2000 BCE to 250 CE...
April 2016: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149684/epidemiological-research-on-parent-child-conflict-in-the-united-states-subgroup-variations-by-place-of-birth-and-ethnicity-2002-2013
#15
Jose Ruben Parra-Cardona, Hsueh-Han Yeh, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: Chronically escalated parent-child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent-child conflict for United States (US) adolescent subgroups defined by (a) ethnic self-identification, and (b) nativity (US-born versus foreign-born). METHODS: US study populations of 12-to-17-year-olds were sampled, recruited, and assessed for the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2002-2013 (n = 111, 129)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147709/an-eye-tracking-examination-of-men-s-attractiveness-by-conceptive-risk-women
#16
Ray Garza, Roberto R Heredia, Anna B Cieślicka
Previous research has indicated that women prefer men who exhibit an android physical appearance where fat distribution is deposited on the upper body (i.e., shoulders and arms) and abdomen. This ideal physical shape has been associated with perceived dominance, health, and immunocompetence. Although research has investigated attractability of men with these ideal characteristics, research on how women visually perceive these characteristics is limited. The current study investigated visual perception and attraction toward men in Hispanic women of Mexican American descent...
March 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145645/the-cut-off-values-of-triglycerides-and-glucose-index-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-american-and-korean-adolescents
#17
Shinje Moon, Joon Sung Park, Youhern Ahn
The aim of this study was to establish ethnic- and gender-specific cut-off values of triglycerides and glucose index (TyG index) for clinical usefulness in a representative sample of Mexican American, Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and Korean adolescents. The data were collected from datasets of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 1999 and 2012, and the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2005 and 2013. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to find valid cut-off values of the TyG index for metabolic syndrome...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114655/disaggregation-of-cause-specific-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-among-hispanic-subgroups
#18
Fatima Rodriguez, Katherine G Hastings, Derek B Boothroyd, Sandra Echeverria, Lenny Lopez, Mark Cullen, Robert A Harrington, Latha P Palaniappan
Importance: Hispanics are the largest minority group in the United States and face a disproportionate burden of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and low socioeconomic position. However, Hispanics paradoxically experience lower all-cause mortality rates compared with their non-Hispanic white (NHW) counterparts. This phenomenon has been largely observed in Mexicans, and whether this holds true for other Hispanic subgroups or whether these favorable trends persist over time remains unknown...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107318/culturally-sensitive-care-enlisting-community-partners-to-meet-mexican-american-caregiver-needs
#19
Carolyn Spence Cagle, Jo Nell Wells
BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to assist Mexican American (MA) patients with cancer and their family members in managing their care, navigating the healthcare system, and decreasing disparities in healthcare outcomes for Hispanics with cancer. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to understand the meaning of culturally sensitive care for oncology clinic healthcare providers and to assess the usefulness and feasibility of the role of a promotora de salud to meet caregiver needs...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099427/exposure-to-bisphenols-and-phthalates-and-association-with-oxidant-stress-insulinn-resistance-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-children
#20
Anglina Kataria, Dov Levine, Sara Wertenteil, Suzanne Vento, Jingchuan Xue, Karthikraj Rajendiran, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Joshua M Thurman, Debra Morrison, Rachel Brody, Elaine Urbina, Teresa Attina, Leonardo Trasande, Howard Trachtman
BACKGROUND: The health effects of bisphenol A (BPA) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) have been studied extensively in children. The impact of other chemicals in these two classes has not been investigated as fully. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study of 10-13 year old healthy children. We assessed descriptive, univariable and multivariable associations of urinary metabolites of bisphenols and phthalates with oxidant stress, insulin resistance, body mass, and endothelial dysfunction...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
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