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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629279/understanding-determinants-of-cardiovascular-health-in-a-mexican-american-community
#1
Karen A Larimer, Meg Gulanick, Sue Penckofer
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Hispanic Americans. Social and physical determinants of health unique to this community must be understood before interventions can be designed and implemented. This article describes a CVD risk assessment conducted in a primarily Mexican American community, using Healthy People 2020 as a model. Social (language, culture, awareness of CVD, and socio-economic status) and physical (presence and use of recreation areas, presence of grocery stores, public transportation, and environmental pollution) determinants of health as well as access to health services were assessed...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613924/spirometry-reference-equations-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#2
Lisa LaVange, Sonia M Davis, John Hankinson, Paul Enright, Rebbecca Wilson, R Graham Barr, Thomas K Aldrich, Ravi Kalhan, Hector Lemus, Ai Ni, Lewis J Smith, Gregory A Talavera
RATIONALE: Accurate reference values for spirometry are important, as the results are used for diagnosing common chronic lung diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, estimating physiological impairment, and predicting all-cause mortality. Reference equations have been established for Mexican Americans but not for other Hispanic/Latino backgrounds. OBJECTIVES: To develop spirometry reference equations for adult Hispanic/Latino background groups in the United States...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610226/integrative-taxonomy-reveals-cryptic-diversity-in-neotropical-grasshoppers-taxonomy-phylogenetics-and-evolution-of-the-genus-i-sphenarium-i-charpentier-1842-orthoptera-pyrgomorphidae
#3
Salomón Sanabria-Urbán, Hojun Song, Ken Oyama, Antonio González-Rodríguez, Raúl Cueva Del Castillo
The genus Sphenarium Charpentier, 1842 comprises the most diverse group of the New World Pyrgomorphidae. These grasshoppers show an extensive variation in external morphology, and are culturally and economically important for Mexican people since pre-Hispanic times. Nevertheless, the taxonomy of Sphenarium has been chaotic and remained incompletely resolved until now. Following an integrative taxonomic framework, we infer the number of species in this genus by species delimitation based on morphological, phylogenetic, and geographic information...
June 8, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597233/how-have-you-been-or-%C3%A2-como-est%C3%A3-s-does-language-of-interview-influences-self-rated-health-among-hispanic-subgroups
#4
Alexis R Santos-Lozada, Matthew J Martinez
This paper reports language differences in poor/fair self-rated health (SRH) among adults from six Hispanic groups in the United States. Data are from the cross-sectional 1997-2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The total sample of Hispanic adults with valid information for the variables considered in the study (n = 156,374) included Mexican-Americans (Mex-Am; n = 43,628), Mexicans (n = 55,057), Puerto Ricans (n = 14,631), Cubans (n = 8,041), Dominicans (from Dominican Republican, n = 4,359) and Other Hispanics (n = 30,658)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580662/development-and-assessment-of-postcranial-sex-estimation-methods-for-a-guatemalan-population
#5
Gillian Fowler, Cris Hughes
This study tests whether postcranial sex estimation methods generated from Hispanic, and mainly Mexican samples, can be successfully applied to other increasingly common migrant populations from Central America. We use a sample of postcranial data from a modern (1980s) Guatemalan Maya sample (n = 219). Results indicate a decrease in classification accuracies for previously established univariate methods when applied to the Guatemalan study sample, specifically for males whose accuracies ranged from 30 to 84%...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562265/trends-in-food-and-beverage-consumption-among-infants-and-toddlers-2005-2012
#6
Gandarvaka Miles, Anna Maria Siega-Riz
BACKGROUND: Nutritional guidance for infants and toddlers is lacking, and the diets of American children in the first 2 years of life are not well characterized. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the NHANES were used to describe the diets of 0- to 23-month-olds in the United States. Participants with complete dietary data were eligible for the analysis (N = 2359). Linear regression models were constructed to identify changes from 2005 to 2008 and from 2009 to 2012 in food and beverage consumption, both overall and within sociodemographic groups...
May 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553825/neighborhood-context-dementia-severity-and-mexican-american-caregiver-well-being
#7
Sunshine Rote, Jacqueline L Angel, Kyriakos Markides
OBJECTIVE: The current study extends research on Latino caregiving to describe the role of neighborhood-level factors and dementia severity for caregiver well-being. METHOD: Data are drawn from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (HEPESE 2010/2011, N = 343). We present regression analyses that describe the relationship between dementia severity in the older care recipient and neighborhood-level structural factors for caregiver mental health...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550424/depression-and-antidepressant-use-among-asian-and-hispanic-adults-association-with-immigrant-generation-and-language-use
#8
Ping Chen, Jon M Hussey, Timothy O Monbureau
This research investigates the psychological well-being and usage of medical treatments by Asian and Hispanic immigrant descendants. Using data from all four waves of Add Health study, this paper focuses on two outcomes: (1) depression and (2) levels of antidepressant use by race/ethnicity, immigrant generation, and linguistic acculturation levels during adulthood. Findings reveal that depression is prevalent among Mexican Americans, other Hispanics, and Asian Americans. Furthermore, Mexican Americans and Asian Americans have reported a lower level of antidepressant use than whites, with Asian Americans attaining the lowest level when immigrant generation, language acculturation levels, and other socioeconomic factors are held constant...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537336/dietary-risk-factors-by-race-ethnicity-age-group-and-gender-in-a-representative-sample-of-us-older-adults
#9
J A Vaccaro, F G Huffman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships among ethnicity/race, gender, demographics, age-group and dietary health in a nationally representative sample of older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data for this study were collected by interview in the mobile examination centers from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2011 - 2012. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. representative sample of adults aged 55 years and older (N = 1860) from five ethnic/racial groups...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535449/the-center-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-ces-d-measurement-equivalence-across-gender-groups-in-hispanic-college-students
#10
Consuelo Arbona, Andrea Burridge, Norma Olvera
BACKGROUND: This study examined among Hispanic college students the factor structure and gender measurement invariance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. The CES-D's original 20 item four-factor model was compared to a recently proposed 14 item, three-factor model. METHODS: Participants included 858 Hispanic undergraduates at an ethnically diverse, major research, urban, public university in the Southwest United States (U.S.). Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) and structural equation modeling were used to examine the factor structure, gender invariance, and construct validity of the CES-D scores...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527750/estimating-serum-concentrations-of-dioxin-like-compounds-in-the-u-s-population-effective-2005-2006-and-2007-2008-a-multiple-imputation-and-trending-approach-incorporating-nhanes-pooled-sample-data
#11
Anne Bichteler, Daniele S Wikoff, Francis Loko, Mark A Harris
Dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) are monitored in the U.S. population using data collected with the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Until recently, participants' serum samples have been analyzed individually, and summary statistics defining reference ranges by age, gender, and race/ethnicity have served as the background by which other biomonitoring data can be evaluated. In the most recent NHANES DLC data, 2005-2006 and 2007-2008, participants' sera have been physically pooled prior to laboratory analysis, introducing major challenges to their utility as a reference population: variability among individuals and relations with covariates are lost, and individual design effects cannot be applied...
May 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520984/genome-wide-association-study-of-heavy-smoking-and-daily-nondaily-smoking-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#12
Nancy L Saccone, Leslie S Emery, Tamar Sofer, Stephanie M Gogarten, Diane M Becker, Erwin P Bottinger, Li-Shiun Chen, Robert C Culverhouse, Weimin Duan, Dana B Hancock, H Dean Hosgood, Eric O Johnson, Ruth J F Loos, Tin Louie, George Papanicolaou, Krista M Perreira, Erik J Rodriquez, Claudia Schurmann, Adrienne M Stilp, Adam A Szpiro, Gregory A Talavera, Kent D Taylor, James F Thrasher, Lisa R Yanek, Cathy C Laurie, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Laura J Bierut, Robert C Kaplan
Introduction: Genetic variants associated with nicotine dependence have previously been identified, primarily in European-ancestry populations. No genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been reported for smoking behaviors in Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S. and Latin America, who are of mixed ancestry with European, African, and American Indigenous components. Methods: We examined genetic associations with smoking behaviors in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) [N=12,741 with smoking data, 5,119 ever smokers], using ~2...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504537/a-tale-of-two-measures-concordance-between-the-arsma-ii-and-the-biq-acculturation-scales-among-latino-immigrant-families
#13
Charles R Martinez, Seth J Schwartz, Michael Thier, Heather H McClure
Acculturation refers to the extent to which an individual immigrant (or immigrant group) acquires the customs and characteristics of a new receiving society and/or retains the customs and characteristics of the person's or group's cultural heritage. Different acculturation measures are often assumed to be interchangeable, although this assumption is rarely tested empirically. The purpose of the present study was to examine the overlap between 2 commonly used measures of acculturation among individuals of Latino/Hispanic ancestry in the United States, the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans II (ARSMA-II) and the Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire-Short Version (BIQ-S)...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486598/age-of-migration-differentials-in-life-expectancy-with-cognitive-impairment-20-year-findings-from-the-hispanic-epese
#14
Marc A Garcia, Joseph L Saenz, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Sunshine Rote, Rebeca Wong
Background and Objectives: To examine differences in life expectancy with cognitive impairment among older Mexican adults according to nativity (U.S.-born/foreign-born) and among immigrants, age of migration to the United States. Research Design and Methods: This study employs 20 years of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to estimate the proportion of life spent cognitively healthy and cognitively impaired prior to death among older Mexican adults residing in the southwestern United States...
May 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484886/physical-activity-of-mexican-heritage-youth-during-the-summer-and-school-year-the-role-of-parenting-strategies
#15
Megan Elizabeth McClendon, M Renée Umstattd Meyer, Kelly R Ylitalo, Joseph R Sharkey
Mexican-heritage youth living along the U.S.-Mexico border have higher rates of obesity than non-Hispanic Whites. Parenting strategies may influence youth physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) mitigating these obesity rates; however, parenting strategies have not been well examined in Hispanic cultures. Therefore, we examined relationships between parenting strategies and PA and SB of Mexican-heritage youth. Mother-child dyads (n = 121 dyads) were surveyed during the summer and school-year...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484286/environmental-inequality-and-pollution-advantage-among-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#16
Maryia Bakhtsiyarava, Raphael J Nawrotzki
Environmental inequality scholarship has paid little attention to the disproportional exposure of immigrants in the United States (U.S.) to unfavorable environmental conditions. This study investigates whether new international migrants in the U.S. are exposed to environmental hazards and how this pattern varies among immigrant subpopulations (e.g., Hispanics, Asian, European). We combine sociodemographic information from the American Community Survey with toxicity-weighted chemical concentrations (Toxics Release Inventory) to model the relationship between toxin exposure and the relative population of recent immigrants across Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs, n=2,054) during 2005-2011...
April 2017: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452961/relationship-of-the-reported-intakes-of-fat-and-fatty-acids-to-body-weight-in-us-adults
#17
Susan K Raatz, Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, Matthew J Picklo, Lisa Jahns
Dietary fat composition may modulate energy expenditure and body weight. Little is known about the relationship between fatty acid intake and body weight at a population level. The purposes of this study were to compare intakes of energy, macronutrients, and individual fatty acids across BMI categories (1) for the US adult population and, (2) by sociodemographic groups. Reported dietary intake data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and What We Eat in America (WWEIA) surveys in the years 2005-2012 were analyzed...
April 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449915/high-prevalence-of-poststroke-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-mexican-americans
#18
Lynda D Lisabeth, Brisa N Sánchez, Ronald D Chervin, Lewis B Morgenstern, Darin B Zahuranec, Susan D Tower, Devin L Brown
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) prevalence and severity after stroke between Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). PATIENTS/METHODS: Ischemic stroke (IS) patients within ∼30 days of onset were identified from the population-based BASIC Project (2010-2014) and offered screening with an overnight cardiopulmonary monitoring device, ApneaLink Plus™. The number of apneas and hypopneas per hour, as reflected by the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), was used to measure SDB severity; SDB was defined as AHI ≥10...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429791/social-and-anthropometric-factors-explaining-racial-ethnical-differences-in-birth-weight-in-the-united-states
#19
Naho Morisaki, Ichiro Kawachi, Emily Oken, Takeo Fujiwara
Though disparities in birth weight by race/ethnicity have been extensively reported in the United States, few studies have systematically investigated factors attributing to its variability. For 10,638,415 singleton infants born during 2009-2012 in the United States, we examined birth weight differences among 14 races and ethnicities (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, American Indian, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Hawaiian, Guamanian, Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban), after sequentially adjusting for maternal, socio-economic and behavioral factors...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426694/prediction-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-using-a-set-of-risk-factors-from-pooled-cohort-risk-equations
#20
Zefeng Zhang, Cathleen Gillespie, Barbara Bowman, Quanhe Yang
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association developed Pooled Cohort equations to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is unclear how well the equations predict ASCVD mortality in a nationally representative cohort. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 and Linked Mortality through 2006 (n = 6,644). Among participants aged 40-79 years without ASCVD at baseline, we used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the 10-year probability of ASCVD death by sex and race-ethnicity (non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican American (MA))...
2017: PloS One
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