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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223429/cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-ethnic-groups
#1
Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Rebecca L Siegel, Hongbin Jin, Cyllene R Morris, Edward J Trapido, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death among Hispanics. The burden of cancer mortality within Hispanic groups has not been well quantified.Methods: Cancer mortality rates for 2008-2012 in Florida were computed on the basis of race, ethnicity, and birthplace, specifically focusing on major Hispanic groups-Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central Americans, South Americans, and Dominicans. Age-adjusted mortality rate ratios derived from negative binomial regression were used to compare Hispanics, aggregated and by group, to nonHispanic whites (NHW)...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205551/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#2
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166169/spanish-translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-foot-and-ankle-outcomes-questionnaire-in-mexican-americans-with-traumatic-foot-and-ankle-injuries
#3
Boris A Zelle, Ben S Francisco, James P Bossman, Roberto J Fajardo, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Hispanics represent the largest minority group within the US population accounting for an estimated 55.4 million individuals. Enrolling Hispanics into clinical outcome studies is important in order for study populations to be externally valid and representative of the US population. Inclusion of Mexican-Americans in clinical studies is frequently limited by the lack of validated outcome measures. The goal of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Foot and Ankle Outcomes Questionnaire (AAOS-FAOQ) in Mexican-Americans with traumatic foot and ankle injuries...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162842/effect-of-relocation-to-the-u-s-on-asthma-risk-among-hispanics
#4
Elina Jerschow, Garrett Strizich, Xiaonan Xue, Golda Hudes, Simon Spivack, Victoria Persky, Guadalupe X Ayala, Alan Delamater, Youngmee Kim, Erin Etzel, Jianwen Cai, Robert C Kaplan
INTRODUCTION: Asthma prevalence is reportedly higher among U.S.-born relative to foreign-born Hispanics/Latinos. Little is known about rates of asthma onset before and after relocation to the U.S. in Latinos. Asthma rates were examined by U.S. residence and country/territory of origin. METHODS: In 2015-2016, age at first onset of asthma symptoms was analyzed, defined retrospectively from a cross-sectional survey in 2008-2011, in relation to birthplace and U.S. residence among 15,573 U...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162001/genetic-affiliation-of-pre-hispanic-and-contemporary-mayas-through-maternal-linage
#5
Mirna Isabel Ochoa-Lugo, María de Lourdes Muñoz, Gerardo Pérez-Ramírez, Kristine G Beaty, Mauro López-Armenta, Javiera Cervini-Silva, Miguel Moreno-Galeana, Adrián Martínez Meza, Eduardo Ramos, Michael H Crawford, Arturo Romano-Pacheco
Maya civilization developed in Mesoamerica and encompassed the Yucatan Peninsula, Guatemala, Belize, part of the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas, and the western parts of Honduras and El Salvador. This civilization persisted approximately 3,000 years and was one of the most advanced of its time, possessing the only known full writing system at the time, as well as art, sophisticated architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. This civilization reached the apex of its power and influence during the Preclassic period, from 2000 BCE to 250 CE...
April 2016: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149684/epidemiological-research-on-parent-child-conflict-in-the-united-states-subgroup-variations-by-place-of-birth-and-ethnicity-2002-2013
#6
Jose Ruben Parra-Cardona, Hsueh-Han Yeh, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: Chronically escalated parent-child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent-child conflict for United States (US) adolescent subgroups defined by (a) ethnic self-identification, and (b) nativity (US-born versus foreign-born). METHODS: US study populations of 12-to-17-year-olds were sampled, recruited, and assessed for the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2002-2013 (n = 111, 129)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147709/an-eye-tracking-examination-of-men-s-attractiveness-by-conceptive-risk-women
#7
Ray Garza, Roberto R Heredia, Anna B Cieślicka
Previous research has indicated that women prefer men who exhibit an android physical appearance where fat distribution is deposited on the upper body (i.e., shoulders and arms) and abdomen. This ideal physical shape has been associated with perceived dominance, health, and immunocompetence. Although research has investigated attractability of men with these ideal characteristics, research on how women visually perceive these characteristics is limited. The current study investigated visual perception and attraction toward men in Hispanic women of Mexican American descent...
March 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145645/the-cut-off-values-of-triglycerides-and-glucose-index-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-american-and-korean-adolescents
#8
Shinje Moon, Joon Sung Park, Youhern Ahn
The aim of this study was to establish ethnic- and gender-specific cut-off values of triglycerides and glucose index (TyG index) for clinical usefulness in a representative sample of Mexican American, Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and Korean adolescents. The data were collected from datasets of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 1999 and 2012, and the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2005 and 2013. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to find valid cut-off values of the TyG index for metabolic syndrome...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114655/disaggregation-of-cause-specific-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-among-hispanic-subgroups
#9
Fatima Rodriguez, Katherine G Hastings, Derek B Boothroyd, Sandra Echeverria, Lenny Lopez, Mark Cullen, Robert A Harrington, Latha P Palaniappan
Importance: Hispanics are the largest minority group in the United States and face a disproportionate burden of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and low socioeconomic position. However, Hispanics paradoxically experience lower all-cause mortality rates compared with their non-Hispanic white (NHW) counterparts. This phenomenon has been largely observed in Mexicans, and whether this holds true for other Hispanic subgroups or whether these favorable trends persist over time remains unknown...
January 18, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107318/culturally-sensitive-care-enlisting-community-partners-to-meet-mexican-american-caregiver-needs
#10
Carolyn Spence Cagle, Jo Nell Wells
BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to assist Mexican American (MA) patients with cancer and their family members in managing their care, navigating the healthcare system, and decreasing disparities in healthcare outcomes for Hispanics with cancer. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to understand the meaning of culturally sensitive care for oncology clinic healthcare providers and to assess the usefulness and feasibility of the role of a promotora de salud to meet caregiver needs...
1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099427/exposure-to-bisphenols-and-phthalates-and-association-with-oxidant-stress-insulinn-resistance-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-children
#11
Anglina Kataria, Dov Levine, Sara Wertenteil, Suzanne Vento, Jingchuan Xue, Karthikraj Rajendiran, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Joshua M Thurman, Debra Morrison, Rachel Brody, Elaine Urbina, Teresa Attina, Leonardo Trasande, Howard Trachtman
BACKGROUND: The health effects of bisphenol A (BPA) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) have been studied extensively in children. The impact of other chemicals in these two classes has not been investigated as fully. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study of 10-13 year old healthy children. We assessed descriptive, univariable and multivariable associations of urinary metabolites of bisphenols and phthalates with oxidant stress, insulin resistance, body mass, and endothelial dysfunction...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093687/maternal-birthplace-is-associated-with-low-birth-weight-within-racial-ethnic-groups
#12
Paige D Wartko, Eva Y Wong, Daniel A Enquobahrie
Introduction While disparities in low birth weight (LBW) incidence by racial/ethnic group are well known, differences in LBW incidence by maternal birthplace within racial/ethnic groups, and particularly, differences after adjustment for pregnancy complications, are less clear. Methods We conducted a population-based study of LBW using 113,760 singleton, live birth records from King County, Washington (2008-2012), a region in the Pacific Northwest with a large immigrant population. Study participants were Asian, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI), and non-Hispanic white women...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092071/explaining-the-immigrant-health-advantage-self-selection-and-protection-in-health-related-factors-among-five-major-national-origin-immigrant-groups-in-the-united-states
#13
Fernando Riosmena, Randall Kuhn, Warren C Jochem
Despite being newcomers, immigrants often exhibit better health relative to native-born populations in industrialized societies. We extend prior efforts to identify whether self-selection and/or protection explain this advantage. We examine migrant height and smoking levels just prior to immigration to test for self-selection; and we analyze smoking behavior since immigration, controlling for self-selection, to assess protection. We study individuals aged 20-49 from five major national origins: India, China, the Philippines, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic...
February 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079772/severe-maternal-morbidity-among-hispanic-women-in-new-york-city-investigation-of-health-disparities
#14
Elizabeth A Howell, Natalia N Egorova, Teresa Janevic, Amy Balbierz, Jennifer Zeitlin, Paul L Hebert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in severe maternal morbidity between Hispanic mothers and three major Hispanic subgroups compared with non-Hispanic white mothers and the extent to which differences in delivery hospitals may contribute to excess morbidity among Hispanic mothers. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using linked 2011-2013 New York City discharge and birth certificate data sets (n=353,773). Rates of severe maternal morbidity were calculated using a published algorithm based on diagnosis and procedure codes...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063217/maternal-acculturation-and-the-growth-of-impoverished-mexican-american-infants
#15
Linda J Luecken, Shannon L Jewell, David P MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Identification of early life risk factors that predispose low-income Hispanic children to obesity is critical. For low-income Mexican American mothers, the cultural context may influence maternal experience and behaviors relevant to infant weight and growth. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 322 low-income Mexican American mother-infant dyads, linear growth modeling examined the relation of maternal acculturation to infant weight gain across the first year and evaluated birth outcomes, breastfeeding, and maternal BMI as mediators...
February 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025830/the-hispanic-and-latino-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#16
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Jean Calvo, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Hispanic/Latino (H/L) dentist workforce, their general practice patterns, and their contributions to oral health care for H/L and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 35.4 percent response rate for self-reported H/L dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. A workforce profile of H/L dentists was created using descriptive and multivariable statistics and published data...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004615/healthy-eating-patterns-associated-with-acculturation-sex-and-bmi-among-mexican-americans
#17
Belinda Reininger, MinJae Lee, Rose Jennings, Alexandra Evans, Michelle Vidoni
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships of healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns with BMI, sex, age and acculturation among Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Participants completed culturally tailored Healthy and Unhealthy Eating Indices. Multivariable mixed-effect Poisson regression models compared food pattern index scores and dietary intake of specific foods by BMI, sex, age and acculturation defined by language preference and generational status. SETTING: Participants recruited from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort study, Texas-Mexico border region, between 2008 and 2011...
December 22, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996114/mexican-american-dementia-nomogram-development-of-a-dementia-risk-index-for-mexican-american-older-adults
#18
Brian Downer, Amit Kumar, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Mukaila Raji, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVES: To create a risk index (Mexican American Dementia Nomogram (MADeN)) that predicts dementia over a 10-year period for Mexican Americans aged 65 and older. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with longitudinal analysis. SETTING: Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and California. PARTICIPANTS: Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE) participants (n = 1,739). MEASUREMENTS: Dementia was defined as a decline of three or more points per year on the Mini-Mental State Examination and inability to perform one or more daily activities...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992538/racial-disparity-in-the-associations-of-cotinine-with-insulin-secretion-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#19
Rong Liu, Zheng Zheng, Jie Du, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Xin Liu
BACKGROUND: Although relationships between smoking/high cotinine and type 2 diabetes have consistently been observed, few studies have investigated the relationship between cotinine and underlying pathophysiological defects that characterize diabetes aetiology. This study aimed to test the associations between cotinine and measures of insulin resistance or insulin secretion. METHODS: This analysis included 5,751 non-diabetic adult American from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2007-2012...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978564/declining-prevalence-of-hearing-loss-in-us-adults-aged-20-to-69-years
#20
Howard J Hoffman, Robert A Dobie, Katalin G Losonczy, Christa L Themann, Gregory A Flamme
Importance: As the US population ages, effective health care planning requires understanding the changes in prevalence of hearing loss. Objective: To determine if age- and sex-specific prevalence of adult hearing loss has changed during the past decade. Design, Setting, and Participants: We analyzed audiometric data from adults aged 20 to 69 years from the 2011-2012 cycle of the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a cross-sectional, nationally representative interview and examination survey of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population, and compared them with data from the 1999-2004 cycles...
December 15, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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