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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079772/severe-maternal-morbidity-among-hispanic-women-in-new-york-city-investigation-of-health-disparities
#1
Elizabeth A Howell, Natalia N Egorova, Teresa Janevic, Amy Balbierz, Jennifer Zeitlin, Paul L Hebert
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in severe maternal morbidity between Hispanic mothers and three major Hispanic subgroups compared with non-Hispanic white mothers and the extent to which differences in delivery hospitals may contribute to excess morbidity among Hispanic mothers. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using linked 2011-2013 New York City discharge and birth certificate data sets (n=353,773). Rates of severe maternal morbidity were calculated using a published algorithm based on diagnosis and procedure codes...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063217/maternal-acculturation-and-the-growth-of-impoverished-mexican-american-infants
#2
Linda J Luecken, Shannon L Jewell, David P MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Identification of early life risk factors that predispose low-income Hispanic children to obesity is critical. For low-income Mexican American mothers, the cultural context may influence maternal experience and behaviors relevant to infant weight and growth. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 322 low-income Mexican American mother-infant dyads, linear growth modeling examined the relation of maternal acculturation to infant weight gain across the first year and evaluated birth outcomes, breastfeeding, and maternal BMI as mediators...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025830/the-hispanic-and-latino-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#3
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Jean Calvo, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Hispanic/Latino (H/L) dentist workforce, their general practice patterns, and their contributions to oral health care for H/L and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 35.4 percent response rate for self-reported H/L dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. A workforce profile of H/L dentists was created using descriptive and multivariable statistics and published data...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004615/healthy-eating-patterns-associated-with-acculturation-sex-and-bmi-among-mexican-americans
#4
Belinda Reininger, MinJae Lee, Rose Jennings, Alexandra Evans, Michelle Vidoni
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships of healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns with BMI, sex, age and acculturation among Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Participants completed culturally tailored Healthy and Unhealthy Eating Indices. Multivariable mixed-effect Poisson regression models compared food pattern index scores and dietary intake of specific foods by BMI, sex, age and acculturation defined by language preference and generational status. SETTING: Participants recruited from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort study, Texas-Mexico border region, between 2008 and 2011...
December 22, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996114/mexican-american-dementia-nomogram-development-of-a-dementia-risk-index-for-mexican-american-older-adults
#5
Brian Downer, Amit Kumar, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Mukaila Raji, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVES: To create a risk index (Mexican American Dementia Nomogram (MADeN)) that predicts dementia over a 10-year period for Mexican Americans aged 65 and older. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with longitudinal analysis. SETTING: Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and California. PARTICIPANTS: Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE) participants (n = 1,739). MEASUREMENTS: Dementia was defined as a decline of three or more points per year on the Mini-Mental State Examination and inability to perform one or more daily activities...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992538/racial-disparity-in-the-associations-of-cotinine-with-insulin-secretion-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#6
Rong Liu, Zheng Zheng, Jie Du, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Xin Liu
BACKGROUND: Although relationships between smoking/high cotinine and type 2 diabetes have consistently been observed, few studies have investigated the relationship between cotinine and underlying pathophysiological defects that characterize diabetes aetiology. This study aimed to test the associations between cotinine and measures of insulin resistance or insulin secretion. METHODS: This analysis included 5,751 non-diabetic adult American from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2007-2012...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978564/declining-prevalence-of-hearing-loss-in-us-adults-aged-20-to-69-years
#7
Howard J Hoffman, Robert A Dobie, Katalin G Losonczy, Christa L Themann, Gregory A Flamme
Importance: As the US population ages, effective health care planning requires understanding the changes in prevalence of hearing loss. Objective: To determine if age- and sex-specific prevalence of adult hearing loss has changed during the past decade. Design, Setting, and Participants: We analyzed audiometric data from adults aged 20 to 69 years from the 2011-2012 cycle of the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a cross-sectional, nationally representative interview and examination survey of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population, and compared them with data from the 1999-2004 cycles...
December 15, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932594/the-interaction-between-genetic-ancestry-and-breast-cancer-risk-factors-among-hispanic-women-the-breast-cancer-health-disparities-study
#8
Lisa M Hines, Rebecca L Sedjo, Tim Byers, Esther M John, Laura Fejerman, Mariana C Stern, Kathy Baumgartner, Anna R Giuliano, Gabriela Torres-Mejia, Wolff Roger, Kylie Harrall, Martha L Slattery
BACKGROUND: Hispanic women have lower breast cancer incidence rates than non-Hispanic white (NHW) women. To what extent genetic versus non-genetic factors account for this difference is unknown. METHODS: Using logistic regression, we evaluated the interactive influences of established risk factors and ethnicity (self-identified and identified by ancestral informative markers) on breast cancer risk among 2326 Hispanic and 1854 NHW postmenopausal women from the US and Mexico in the Breast Cancer Health Disparities Study...
December 8, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932589/sex-and-race-ethnicity-differences-in-following-dietary-and-exercise-recommendations-for-u-s-representative-sample-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
This study examined sex by race/ethnicity differences in medical advice received for diet and exercise with corresponding health behaviors of a U.S. representative sample of adults with type 2 diabetes (N = 1,269). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys for 2011-2014 for 185 Mexican Americans, 123 Other Hispanics, 392 non-Hispanic Blacks, 140 non-Hispanic Asians, and 429 non-Hispanic Whites were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. Reporting being given dietary and exercise advice was positively associated with reporting following the behavior...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926908/community-perceptions-of-biobanking-participation-a-qualitative-study-among-mexican-americans-in-three-texas-cities
#10
Natalia I Heredia, Sarah Krasny, Larkin L Strong, Laura Von Hatten, Lynne Nguyen, Belinda M Reininger, Lorna H McNeill, María E Fernández
BACKGROUND: Most biospecimens in the US are collected from non-Hispanic Whites, limiting the generalizability of findings. There is a need to increase participation in biobanking among ethnic and racial minorities. The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to identify factors that may influence Mexican-American individuals' willingness to participate in biobanking. METHODS: We conducted 15 focus groups in three Texas cities with Mexican-American individuals, in both Spanish and English...
December 8, 2016: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905175/racial-disparity-in-all-cause-mortality-among-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-individuals-in-a-general-us-population-nhanes-iii
#11
B Emmanuel, M D Shardell, L Tracy, S Kottilil, S S El-Kamary
There are few long-term nationally representative studies of all-cause mortality among those infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). When an additional 5 years of data were made publicly available in 2015, the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Linked Mortality File became the longest nationally representative study in the United States. Our objective was to update the estimated HCV-associated all-cause mortality in the general US population and determine any differences by sex, age and race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896669/detection-of-autoantibodies-to-dsf70-ledgfp75-in-mexican-hispanics-using-multiple-complementary-assay-platforms
#12
Mónica Vázquez-Del Mercado, Eduardo Gómez-Bañuelos, Rosa Elena Navarro-Hernández, Oscar Pizano-Martinez, Adan Saldaña-Millán, Efrain Chavarria-Avila, Lorena Gonzalez-Rosas, Lilia Andrade-Ortega, Miguel Angel Saavedra, Olga Lidia Vera-Lastra, Luis Javier Jara, Gabriel Medrano-Ramírez, Claudia Cruz-Reyes, Ignacio García-De la Torre, Marta Escarra-Senmarti, Lisiane Maria Enriconi-Dos Anjos, Anamika Basu, Roger Albesa, Michael Mahler, Carlos A Casiano
PURPOSE: Antinuclear autoantibodies (ANA) targeting the dense fine speckled antigen DFS70, also known as lens epithelium-derived growth factor p75 (LEDGF/p75), are attracting attention due to their low frequency in systemic rheumatic diseases but increased frequency in clinical laboratory referrals and healthy individuals (HI). These ANA specifically recognize the stress protein DFS70/LEDGFp75, implicated in cancer, HIV-AIDS, and inflammation. While their frequency has been investigated in various ethnic populations, there is little information on their frequency among Hispanics/Latinos...
December 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869511/acoustic-reflexes-are-common-but-not-pervasive-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2012
#13
Gregory A Flamme, Kristy K Deiters, Stephen M Tasko, William A Ahroon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether acoustic reflexes are pervasive (i.e. sufficiently prevalent to provide 95% confidence of at least 95% prevalence) and might be invoked in damage-risk criteria (DRC) and health hazard assessments (HHA) for impulsive noise. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of a nationally-representative study. STUDY SAMPLE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data collected between 1999 and 2012 were used...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862528/relationships-among-fat-mass-fat-free-mass-and-height-in-adults-a-new-method-of-statistical-analysis-applied-to-nhanes-data
#14
Richard F Burton
OBJECTIVES: The positive influence of fat mass (FM) on fat-free mass (FFM) has been quantified previously by various methods involving regression analysis of population data, but some are fundamentally flawed through neglect of the tendency of taller individuals to carry more fat. Differences in FFM due to differences in FM-and not directly related to differences in height-are expressed as ΔFFM/ΔFM, denoted KF . The main aims were to find a sounder regression-based method of quantifying KF and simultaneously of estimating mean BMI0 , the BMI of hypothetical fat-free individuals...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855733/actigraphic-sleep-patterns-of-u-s-hispanics-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#15
Katherine A Dudley, Jia Weng, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Guido Simonelli, Elizabeth Cespedes, Maricelle Ramirez, Alberto R Ramos, Jose S Loredo, Kathryn J Reid, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Phyllis C Zee, Diana A Chirinos, Linda C Gallo, Rui Wang, Sanjay R Patel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which objective sleep patterns vary among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos. METHODS: We assessed objective sleep patterns in 2,087 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos from six Hispanic/Latino subgroups aged 18-64 years who underwent 7 days of wrist actigraphy. RESULTS: The age- and sex-standardized mean (SE) sleep duration was 6.82 (0.05), 6.72 (0.07), 6.61 (0.07), 6.59 (0.06), 6...
October 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825247/ethnic-differences-in-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-by-physical-activity-levels-among-older-adults-in-the-us
#16
Elizabeth Vásquez, Karine Sahakyan, John A Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K Somers, Benjamin A Shaw
AIMS: This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults. METHODS: The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 men drawn from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988-1994) aged ≥ 60 years. We used the metabolic equivalent (MET) of self-reported PA levels to define activity groups (inactive: those who did not report any PA; active: those who reported 3-6 METs for ≥5 times/week or >6 METs, ≥3 times/week; insufficiently active: those meeting neither criteria)...
November 9, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822768/pediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-the-rise-of-a-lethal-disease-among-mexican-american-hispanic-children
#17
REVIEW
Monica M Betancourt-Garcia, Armando Arguelles, Jorge Montes, Ambrosio Hernandez, Manish Singh, R Armour Forse
Hispanic children of Mexican origin have a high incidence of NAFLD. Susceptibility has been linked to a combination of factors including an increasing epidemic of obesity in children and adolescents, an allele substitution in the PNPLA3 gene that reduces hepatic lipid catabolism, and an altered microbiome that may increase hepatic endotoxins. The combination of NAFLD and portal vein toxins secondary to an indigenous gut microbiome appear to lead to the early occurrence of NASH, which progresses to cirrhosis and early hepatocellular carcinoma...
January 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818434/assessing-health-literacy-levels-of-spanish-speaking-hispanic-patients-in-spanish-at-federally-qualified-health-centers-fqhcs-in-the-midwest
#18
Armando De Alba, Denise H Britigan, Elizabeth Lyden, Patrik Johansson
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate health literacy levels in Spanish-speaking Hispanic adults accessing health care services in the Midwest. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients (n = 402) at two Midwestern federally qualified health centers. The assessment tool used in this study contained the Short Assessment of Health Literacy-S. RESULTS: A total of 36% of the participants had a low health literacy level (LHLL). Forty-five percent of males versus 31% of females demonstrated LHLL (p < ...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811157/income-inequality-and-us-children-s-secondhand-smoke-exposure-distinct-associations-by-race-ethnicity
#19
Edmond D Shenassa, Lauren M Rossen, Jonathan Cohen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Devon C Payne-Sturges
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have found considerable racial and ethnic disparities in secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Although a number of individual-level determinants of this disparity have been identified, contextual determinants of racial and ethnic disparities in SHS exposure remain unexamined. The objective of this study was to examine disparities in serum cotinine in relation to area-level income inequality among 14 649 children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 3, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783403/fear-of-falling-in-older-mexican-americans-a-longitudinal-study-of-incidence-and-predictive-factors
#20
Leah Dierking, Kyriakos Markides, Soham Al Snih, M Kristen Peek
OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of fear of falling in older Mexican Americans over time. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Community-dwelling residents throughout California, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged 72 and older participating in the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly from 2000-01 to 2010-11 (N = 1,682)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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