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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350050/marital-status-and-trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-of-mexican-descent
#1
Maria A Monserud
Little is known about the implications of marital status for the age patterning of depressive symptoms in later life. Drawing on seven waves of data from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly, this research uses growth curve models to examine age trajectories of depressive symptoms among continuously married and recently and continuously widowed older adults of Mexican descent (aged 65 years and older; N = 1,452). The findings demonstrate that despite having a higher mean level of depressive symptoms, the recently widowed experienced a similar rate of increase in distress with age to that of their married counterparts...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349222/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-mortality-experience-of-hispanic-subgroups-in-the-united-states-variation-by-age-country-of-origin-and-nativity
#2
Andrew Fenelon, Juanita J Chinn, Robert N Anderson
Although those identifying as "Hispanic or Latino" experience lower adult mortality than the more socioeconomically advantaged non-Hispanic white population, the ethnic category Hispanic conceals variation by country of origin, nativity, age, and immigration experience. The current analysis examines adult mortality differentials among 12 Hispanic subgroups by region of origin and nativity, and non-Hispanic whites, adjusting for socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. We use the National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files pooled 1990-2009 to obtain sufficient sample of each subgroup to calculate mortality estimates by sex and age group (25-64, 65+)...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334960/arsenic-exposure-and-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-among-u-s-adolescents-and-adults-an-association-modified-by-race-ethnicity-nhanes-2005-2014
#3
Jennifer K Frediani, Eric A Naioti, Miriam B Vos, Janet Figueroa, Carmen J Marsit, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: While associated with obesity, the cause of the rapid rise in prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children, which is highest among Hispanics, is not well understood. Animal experiments have demonstrated that arsenic exposure contributes to liver injury. Our objective was to examine the association between arsenic exposure and NAFLD in humans and to determine if race/ethnicity modifies the association. METHODS: Urinary inorganic arsenic concentrations among those ≥12 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2014 were used to assess the cross-sectional association with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, a marker of liver dysfunction...
January 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306788/epithelial-ovarian-cancer-mortality-among-hispanic-women-sub-ethnic-disparities-and-survival-trend-across-time-an-analysis-of-seer-1992-2013
#4
Chen Chen, Talar W Markossian, Abigail Silva, Yelena N Tarasenko
BACKGROUND: Over the past half century the proportion of Hispanics in the US population has been steadily increasing, and groups of Hispanic origin have diversified. Despite notable racial and ethnic disparities in ovarian cancer (OC) mortality, population-based studies on OC among Hispanic females are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To examine sub-ethnic disparities in OC mortality and survival trends using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) 18 data on Hispanic women diagnosed with epithelial OC during 1992-2013...
January 4, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260660/toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-the-united-states-2011-2014
#5
Jeffrey L Jones, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Scott Elder, Hilda N Rivera, Cindy Press, Jose G Montoya, Geraldine M McQuillan
Toxoplasma gondii can cause severe neurologic and ocular disease when transmitted congenitally and in immunosuppressed persons. Sera collected in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 through 2014 in 13,507 persons ≥ 6 years old were tested for T. gondii immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM antibodies, and in those both IgG and IgM antibody positive, for IgG avidity. Overall, 11.14% (95% confidence limits [CL] 9.88%, 12.51%) were seropositive for T. gondii IgG antibody (age-adjusted seroprevalence 10...
December 18, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237590/nativity-status-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-among-hispanic-adults
#6
Fatima Rodriguez, Katherine G Hastings, Jiaqi Hu, Lenny Lopez, Mark Cullen, Robert A Harrington, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Hispanic persons represent a heterogeneous and growing population of any race with origins in Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, South America, or other Spanish-speaking countries. Previous studies have documented variation in cardiovascular risk and outcomes among Hispanic subgroups. Few studies have investigated whether these patterns vary by nativity status among Hispanic subgroups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the National Center for Health Statistics mortality file to compare deaths of Hispanic (n=1 258 229) and non-Hispanic white (n=18 149 774) adults (aged ≥25 years) from 2003 to 2012...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201464/health-indicators-of-us-older-adults-who-received-or-did-not-receive-meals-funded-by-the-older-americans-act
#7
Edgar R Vieira, Joan A Vaccaro, Gustavo G Zarini, Fatma G Huffman
Background: The Older Americans Act (OAA) requires that nutrition programs provide meals and related nutrition services that promote health and help manage chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to compare health status, food security, functional limitations, and chronic diseases of older adults who received or did not receive OAA meals using data from a representative sample of US adults. Methods: Data were from the National Health and Nutrition Surveys 2011-2014 for 2,392 older adults ≥ 65 years of age, including 187 Mexican Americans, 212 other Hispanics, 521 non-Hispanic Blacks, 219 non-Hispanic Asians, and 1253 non-Hispanic Whites...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195034/birth-defect-survival-for-hispanic-subgroups
#8
Keila N Lopez, Wendy N Nembhard, Ying Wang, Gang Liu, James E Kucik, Glenn Copeland, Suzanne M Gilboa, Russell S Kirby, Mark Canfield
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrate that infant and childhood mortality differ among children with birth defects by maternal race/ethnicity, but limited mortality information is published for Hispanic ethnic subgroups. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data for children with birth defects born to Hispanic mothers during 1999-2007 from 12 population-based state birth defects surveillance programs. Deaths were ascertained through multiple sources...
December 1, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188596/observed-differentials-in-the-levels-of-selected-environmental-contaminants-among-mexican-and-other-hispanic-american-children-adolescents-adults-and-senior-citizens
#9
Ram B Jain
Starting with the 2007-2008 cycle, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) also oversampled Hispanics other than Mexicans (OHISP) making it possible to treat OHISP as a separate demographic group along with Mexican Americans (MAs), non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), and non-Hispanic blacks (NHBs). Yet, more often than not, OHISP have been merged with MA to form an all-Hispanic demographic group (HISP) thus limiting comparisons between NHW, NHB, and HISP. Consequently, for the first time, this study was undertaken to evaluate differences in the observed levels of selected environmental contaminants between MA and OHISP from five groups of environmental contaminants, namely, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), iodine uptake inhibitors (IUIs), environmental phenols (EPHs), priority pesticides (PPs), and perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs)...
November 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188142/characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-united-states-an-nhanes-analysis
#10
Bei Xu, Jin Lin
Background: We examined the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database to determine factors associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults 20 to 55 years of age. Methods: NHANES data collected between 2007 and 2014, excluding the 2011-2012 period, were used. Subjects were divided into those with and without RA. Demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors were compared between the groups. Results: After applying inclusion/exclusion criteria, 8,789 persons were included in the study (8,483 without RA, 306 with RA)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185823/texas-mexican-american-adult-normative-studies-normative-data-for-the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-rbans
#11
James R Hall, Valerie Hobson Balldin, Adriana Gamboa, Melissa L Edwards, Leigh A Johnson, Sid E O'Bryant
The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is an assessment of neuropsychological functioning commonly used in clinical and research settings. To our knowledge, normative data for the RBANS is not available for Hispanic, Mexican Americans, which the current study sought to establish. Data from 136 Hispanic, Mexican Americans from Project FRONTIER were analyzed. Approximately half of the sample was administered testing in Spanish. Normative tables were created for English and Spanish speaking Mexican Americans...
November 29, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176960/from-sea-to-shining-sea-and-the-great-plains-to-patagonia-a-review-on-current-knowledge-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-hispanics-latinos-in-the-us-and-latin-america
#12
REVIEW
M Larissa Avilés-Santa, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Nangel M Lindberg, Josiemer Mattei, Francisco J Pasquel, Cynthia M Pérez
The past two decades have witnessed many advances in the prevention, treatment, and control of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications. Increased screening has led to a greater recognition of type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) and prediabetes; however, Hispanics/Latinos, the largest minority group in the US, have not fully benefited from these advances. The Hispanic/Latino population is highly diverse in ancestries, birth places, cultures, languages, and socioeconomic backgrounds, and it populates most of the Western Hemisphere...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172859/racial-ethnic-differences-in-cigarette-use-the-roles-of-mental-illness-and-health-care-access-utilization
#13
Celia C Lo, Fan Yang, William Ash-Houchen, Tyrone C Cheng
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence supports a hypothesis that cigarettes may be used to cope with mental illness. Little research, however, addresses how race/ethnicity is linked to mental health and cigarette use. OBJECTIVES: This study applied the self-medication hypothesis. It asked whether mental status was associated, via health-care access/utilization, with the cigarette use outcomes of four racial/ethnic groups. It also tested whether race/ethnicity moderated any such associations...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166968/infant-feeding-practices-and-dietary-consumption-of-us-infants-and-toddlers-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2003-2012
#14
Kathleen E Davis, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Lona Sandon
OBJECTIVE: To compare infant and toddler anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes by race/ethnicity and income. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis using general linear modelling. Ten years of survey data (2003-2012) were combined to compare anthropometric measurements, feeding practices and mean nutrient intakes from a nationally representative US sample. SETTING: The 2003-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164933/the-influence-of-acculturation-on-traumatic-stress-following-childbirth-among-hispanic-adolescents
#15
Cheryl Anderson, Sarah Strickland
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have explored the role of acculturation on health outcomes; however, no studies to date have examined relationships between acculturation and the traumatic stress of childbirth among Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: A convenience sample of 66 Hispanic adolescents 13 to 19 years of age completed the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans-II (ARSMA-II), a demographic sheet, birth appraisal scale, and the Impact of Event Scale within 72 hours of birth...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#16
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142493/cervical-arterial-fibromuscular-dysplasia-in-a-biethnic-population-a-retrospective-study-in-the-u-s-mexican-border
#17
Ihtesham A Qureshi, Gustavo J Rodriguez, Tatiana Chacon-Quesada, Gavito-Higuera Jose, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Alberto Maud
Background  There have been studies trying to characterize Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD); however, most of them are based in mainly non-Hispanic sample. The objective of this study is to better understand the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of craniocervical FMD in the Hispanic population. Methods  We retrospectively reviewed the cerebral angiograms performed in our center in a period of 3.5 years under any indication looking for angiographic patterns of FMD. Exclusion criteria consisted of cases in which the first angiogram was done when the patients were younger than 18 years...
December 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#18
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134763/trends-in-beverage-consumption-among-children-and-adults-2003-2014
#19
Sara N Bleich, Kelsey A Vercammen, Jonathan Wyatt Koma, Zhonghe Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide the most recent national estimates for beverage consumption among children and adults in the United States. METHODS: Dietary data were collected from 18,600 children aged 2 to 19 years and from 27,652 adults aged ≥ 20 years in the 2003 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Total beverage and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption was measured by 24-hour dietary recall. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, per capita consumption of all beverages declined significantly among children (473...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118161/dietary-nutrient-intake-ethnicity-and-epigenetic-silencing-of-lung-cancer-genes-detected-in-sputum-in-new-mexican-smokers
#20
Shuguang Leng, Maria A Picchi, Huining Kang, Guodong Wu, Piotr T Filipczak, Daniel E Juri, Xiequn Zhang, W James Gauderman, Frank D Gilliland, Steven A Belinsky
Lung cancer (LC) gene methylation detected in sputum assesses field cancerization and predicts LC incidence. Hispanic smokers have higher LC susceptibility compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). We aimed to identify novel dietary nutrients affecting LC gene methylation and determine the degree of ethnic disparity in methylation explained by diet. Dietary intakes of 139 nutrients were assessed using a validated Harvard food frequency questionnaire in 327 Hispanics and 1502 NHWs from the Lovelace Smokers cohort (LSC)...
November 8, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
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