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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520984/genome-wide-association-study-of-heavy-smoking-and-daily-nondaily-smoking-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#1
Nancy L Saccone, Leslie S Emery, Tamar Sofer, Stephanie M Gogarten, Diane M Becker, Erwin P Bottinger, Li-Shiun Chen, Robert C Culverhouse, Weimin Duan, Dana B Hancock, H Dean Hosgood, Eric O Johnson, Ruth J F Loos, Tin Louie, George Papanicolaou, Krista M Perreira, Erik J Rodriquez, Claudia Schurmann, Adrienne M Stilp, Adam A Szpiro, Gregory A Talavera, Kent D Taylor, James F Thrasher, Lisa R Yanek, Cathy C Laurie, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Laura J Bierut, Robert C Kaplan
Introduction: Genetic variants associated with nicotine dependence have previously been identified, primarily in European-ancestry populations. No genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been reported for smoking behaviors in Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S. and Latin America, who are of mixed ancestry with European, African, and American Indigenous components. Methods: We examined genetic associations with smoking behaviors in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) [N=12,741 with smoking data, 5,119 ever smokers], using ~2...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504537/a-tale-of-two-measures-concordance-between-the-arsma-ii-and-the-biq-acculturation-scales-among-latino-immigrant-families
#2
Charles R Martinez, Seth J Schwartz, Michael Thier, Heather H McClure
Acculturation refers to the extent to which an individual immigrant (or immigrant group) acquires the customs and characteristics of a new receiving society and/or retains the customs and characteristics of the person's or group's cultural heritage. Different acculturation measures are often assumed to be interchangeable, although this assumption is rarely tested empirically. The purpose of the present study was to examine the overlap between 2 commonly used measures of acculturation among individuals of Latino/Hispanic ancestry in the United States, the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans II (ARSMA-II) and the Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire-Short Version (BIQ-S)...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486598/age-of-migration-differentials-in-life-expectancy-with-cognitive-impairment-20-year-findings-from-the-hispanic-epese
#3
Marc A Garcia, Joseph L Saenz, Brian Downer, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Sunshine Rote, Rebeca Wong
Background and Objectives: To examine differences in life expectancy with cognitive impairment among older Mexican adults according to nativity (U.S.-born/foreign-born) and among immigrants, age of migration to the United States. Research Design and Methods: This study employs 20 years of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to estimate the proportion of life spent cognitively healthy and cognitively impaired prior to death among older Mexican adults residing in the southwestern United States...
May 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484886/physical-activity-of-mexican-heritage-youth-during-the-summer-and-school-year-the-role-of-parenting-strategies
#4
Megan Elizabeth McClendon, M Renée Umstattd Meyer, Kelly R Ylitalo, Joseph R Sharkey
Mexican-heritage youth living along the U.S.-Mexico border have higher rates of obesity than non-Hispanic Whites. Parenting strategies may influence youth physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) mitigating these obesity rates; however, parenting strategies have not been well examined in Hispanic cultures. Therefore, we examined relationships between parenting strategies and PA and SB of Mexican-heritage youth. Mother-child dyads (n = 121 dyads) were surveyed during the summer and school-year...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484286/environmental-inequality-and-pollution-advantage-among-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#5
Maryia Bakhtsiyarava, Raphael J Nawrotzki
Environmental inequality scholarship has paid little attention to the disproportional exposure of immigrants in the United States (U.S.) to unfavorable environmental conditions. This study investigates whether new international migrants in the U.S. are exposed to environmental hazards and how this pattern varies among immigrant subpopulations (e.g., Hispanics, Asian, European). We combine sociodemographic information from the American Community Survey with toxicity-weighted chemical concentrations (Toxics Release Inventory) to model the relationship between toxin exposure and the relative population of recent immigrants across Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs, n=2,054) during 2005-2011...
April 2017: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452961/relationship-of-the-reported-intakes-of-fat-and-fatty-acids-to-body-weight-in-us-adults
#6
Susan K Raatz, Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, Matthew J Picklo, Lisa Jahns
Dietary fat composition may modulate energy expenditure and body weight. Little is known about the relationship between fatty acid intake and body weight at a population level. The purposes of this study were to compare intakes of energy, macronutrients, and individual fatty acids across BMI categories (1) for the US adult population and, (2) by sociodemographic groups. Reported dietary intake data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and What We Eat in America (WWEIA) surveys in the years 2005-2012 were analyzed...
April 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449915/high-prevalence-of-poststroke-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-mexican-americans
#7
Lynda D Lisabeth, Brisa N Sánchez, Ronald D Chervin, Lewis B Morgenstern, Darin B Zahuranec, Susan D Tower, Devin L Brown
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) prevalence and severity after stroke between Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). PATIENTS/METHODS: Ischemic stroke (IS) patients within ∼30 days of onset were identified from the population-based BASIC Project (2010-2014) and offered screening with an overnight cardiopulmonary monitoring device, ApneaLink Plus™. The number of apneas and hypopneas per hour, as reflected by the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), was used to measure SDB severity; SDB was defined as AHI ≥10...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429791/social-and-anthropometric-factors-explaining-racial-ethnical-differences-in-birth-weight-in-the-united-states
#8
Naho Morisaki, Ichiro Kawachi, Emily Oken, Takeo Fujiwara
Though disparities in birth weight by race/ethnicity have been extensively reported in the United States, few studies have systematically investigated factors attributing to its variability. For 10,638,415 singleton infants born during 2009-2012 in the United States, we examined birth weight differences among 14 races and ethnicities (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, American Indian, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Hawaiian, Guamanian, Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban), after sequentially adjusting for maternal, socio-economic and behavioral factors...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426694/prediction-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-using-a-set-of-risk-factors-from-pooled-cohort-risk-equations
#9
Zefeng Zhang, Cathleen Gillespie, Barbara Bowman, Quanhe Yang
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association developed Pooled Cohort equations to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is unclear how well the equations predict ASCVD mortality in a nationally representative cohort. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 and Linked Mortality through 2006 (n = 6,644). Among participants aged 40-79 years without ASCVD at baseline, we used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the 10-year probability of ASCVD death by sex and race-ethnicity (non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican American (MA))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420589/associations-between-language-acculturation-age-of-immigration-and-obesity-in-the-mexican-american-mano-a-mano-cohort
#10
Matthew Chrisman, Wong-Ho Chow, Carrie R Daniel, Xifeng Wu, Hua Zhao
INTRODUCTION: As Mexican immigrants to the U.S. become acculturated, they face worsening health outcomes such as obesity. The role of language acculturation in the development of obesity has not been thoroughly examined. METHODS: To examine associations between language acculturation and obesity, data were drawn from the Mexican-American Mano A Mano cohort study. Participants aged 20 years and over (n=18,298) completed baseline questionnaires on socio-demographic and behavioural factors, including physical activity and sitting time...
April 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398850/ethnic-differences-in-lipid-profiles-of-overweight-obese-and-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-6-19-years-of-age
#11
Sarita Dhuper, Nagla S Bayoumi, Yash D Shah, Shilpa Mehta
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences in lipid profiles exist in children and adolescents. This study assessed whether variations in lipid profiles present in overweight and obese youth were also observed in severely obese youth. Variations could explain the lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in certain ethnic groups at even severe levels of obesity. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years of 2001 through 2012...
June 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395890/frequency-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-among-young-mexican-americans
#12
Clarence Gill, Kristina P Vatcheva, Jen-Jung Pan, Beverly Smulevitz, David D McPherson, Michael Fallon, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Susan T Laing
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered as the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome, whose criteria are risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD, its association with subclinical atherosclerosis, and factors that may account for this association in Mexican Americans. In a population-based cross-sectional sample drawn from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort in Texas, carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), an indicator of subclinical atherosclerosis, was measured...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386042/mexican-americans-receive-less-intensive-stroke-rehabilitation-than-non-hispanic-whites
#13
Lewis B Morgenstern, Emma Sais, Michael Fuentes, Nneka L Ifejika, Xiaqing Jiang, Susan D Horn, Erin Case, Lynda D Lisabeth
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mexican Americans (MAs) have worse neurological, functional, and cognitive outcomes after stroke. Stroke rehabilitation is important for good outcome. In a population-based study, we sought to determine whether allocation of stroke rehabilitation services differed by ethnicity. METHODS: Patients with stroke were identified as part of the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) project, TX, USA. Cases were validated by physicians using source documentation...
April 6, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381474/plasma-trans-fatty-acid-concentrations-in-fasting-adults-declined-from-nhanes-1999-2000-to-2009-2010
#14
Hubert W Vesper, Samuel P Caudill, Heather C Kuiper, Quanhe Yang, Namanjeet Ahluwalia, David A Lacher, James L Pirkle
Background: The consumption of trans fatty acids (TFAs) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and reducing their consumption is a major public health objective. Food intake studies have provided estimates for TFA concentrations in the US population; however, there is a need for data on TFA blood concentrations in the population.Objective: The objective of this study was to determine plasma TFA concentrations in a nationally representative group of fasted adults in the US population in NHANES samples from 1999-2000 and 2009-2010...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378011/%C3%AE-scores-predict-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-conversions-from-nondemented-states
#15
Donald R Royall, Raymond F Palmer
INTRODUCTION: We tested the latent variable "δ" (for "dementia")'s ability to predict conversion to "mild cognitive impairment" (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: An ethnicity equivalent d homolog ("dEQ") was constructed in n = 1113 Mexican- American (MA) and n = 1958 non-Hispanic white (NHW) participants in the Texas Alzheimer's Research and Care Consortium. "Normal Controls" (NC) (n = 1276) and MCI cases (n = 611) were followed annually for up to 6 years [m = 4...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369694/the-hispanic-paradox-race-ethnicity-and-nativity-immigrant-enclave-residence-and-cognitive-impairment-among-older-us-adults
#16
Margaret M Weden, Jeremy N V Miles, Esther Friedman, José J Escarce, Christine Peterson, Kenneth M Langa, Regina A Shih
Hispanics, and particularly foreign-born Mexican Americans, have been shown to fare better across a range of health outcomes than might be expected given the generally higher levels of socioeconomic disadvantage in this population, a phenomena termed the "Hispanic Paradox". Previous research on social disparities in cognitive aging, however, has been unable to address both race/ethnicity and nativity (REN) in a nationally-representative sample of US adults leaving unanswered questions about potentially "paradoxical" advantages of Mexican ethnic-origins and the role of nativity, socioeconomic status (SES), and enclave residence...
May 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369692/age-of-migration-life-expectancy-with-functional-limitations-and-morbidity-in-mexican-americans
#17
Marc A Garcia, Luis M Valderrama-Hinds, Chi-Tsun Chiu, Miriam S Mutambudzi, Nai-Wei Chen, Mukaila Raji
The U.S. Mexican American population enjoys longer life expectancies relative to other racial/ethnic groups but is disproportionately affected by chronic conditions and functional limitations. Studying the impact of heterogeneity in age, time and other characteristics of migration among older Mexican Americans can inform our understanding of health disparities and healthcare needs in later-life. This research used 20 years of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to assess the proportion of life spent with functional limitations and one or more morbidity (according to age of migration and sex) in the U...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367726/the-role-of-education-in-the-relationship-between-age-of-migration-to-the-united-states-and-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-among-older-mexican-americans
#18
Brian Downer, Marc A Garcia, Joseph Saenz, Kyriakos S Markides, Rebeca Wong
Prior research indicates age of migration is associated with cognitive health outcomes among older Mexican Americans; however, factors that explain this relationship are unclear. This study used eight waves from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly to examine the role of education in the risk for cognitive impairment (CI) by nativity, age of migration, and gender. Foreign-born women had a higher risk for CI than U.S.-born women, regardless of age of migration. After adjusting for education, this risk remained significant only for late-life migrant women (risk ratio [RR] = 1...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364844/physical-psychiatric-comorbidity-implications-for-health-measurement-and-the-hispanic-epidemiological-paradox
#19
Christy L Erving
Few studies examine the co-occurrence of physical and psychiatric health problems (physical-psychiatric comorbidity), and whether these patterns differ across social groups. Using the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication and National Latino and Asian American Study, the current study asks: what are the patterns of physical-psychiatric comorbidity (PPC) between non-Hispanic Whites and Latino subgroups, further differentiated by gender and nativity? Does the PPC measurement approach reveal different patterns across groups compared to when only physical or only psychiatric health problems are the health outcomes of interest? To what extent do sociodemographic characteristics (SES, stress exposure, social support, immigration-related factors) explain PPC differences between groups? Results reveal that compared to U...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364514/actigraphic-sleep-patterns-of-u-s-hispanics-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#20
Katherine A Dudley, Jia Weng, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Guido Simonelli, Elizabeth Cespedes Feliciano, Maricelle Ramirez, Alberto R Ramos, Jose S Loredo, Kathryn J Reid, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Phyllis C Zee, Diana A Chirinos, Linda C Gallo, Rui Wang, Sanjay R Patel
Study objective: To assess the extent to which objective sleep patterns vary among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos. Methods: We assessed objective sleep patterns in 2087 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos from 6 Hispanic/Latino subgroups aged 18-64 years who underwent 7 days of wrist actigraphy. Results: The age- and sex-standardized mean (SE) sleep duration was 6.82 (0.05), 6.72 (0.07), 6.61 (0.07), 6.59 (0.06), 6...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
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