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Hispanic Mexican

Cha-Nam Shin, Elizabeth Reifsnider, Darya McClain, Mihyun Jeong, David P McCormick, Michael Moramarco
BACKGROUND: Most Hispanic infants are fed formula during the first 6 weeks, and although 80% of Hispanic women initiate breastfeeding, rates of exclusive breastfeeding are much lower. Research aim: The purpose was to examine the influence of acculturation and cultural values on the breastfeeding practices of pregnant women of Mexican descent participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children who were enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial that aimed to reduce child obesity...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Tiffany L Green, Mandar V Bodas, Heather A Jones, Saba W Masho, Nao Hagiwara
Immigrant women face unique barriers to prenatal care access and patient-provider communication. Yet, few prior studies have examined U.S.-born/immigrant differences in the content of care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of immigrant status, English proficiency and race/ethnicity on the receipt of self-reported prenatal counseling using nationally representative data. We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (N ≈ 8100). We investigated differences in self-reported prenatal counseling by immigrant status, English proficiency, and race/ethnicity using logistic regression...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Teresa Janevic, Jennifer Zeitlin, Natalia Egorova, Amy Balbierz, Elizabeth A Howell
PURPOSE: To examine if the role of obesity in the risk of gestational diabetes differs between immigrant and U.S.-born women. METHODS: We used New York City-linked 2010-2014 birth certificate and hospital data. We created four racial/ethnic groups (non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and Asian) and three subgroups (Mexican, Indian, and Chinese). Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was ascertained by the birth certificate checkbox and discharge ICD-9 codes...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Richard C Cervantes, Karina A Gattamorta, Jodi Berger-Cardoso
Little is known about the specific behavioral health impact of acculturation stressors that affect Hispanic/Latino immigrant sub-groups. These immigration-related stressors and traumatic events may have differential impact on depression depending on country/region of origin. Using a measure of immigration and acculturation stress, the current study sought to determine differences in the impact of stress on six sub-groups of Hispanic immigrants. Data on stress and depression were examined using a large, representative adult immigrant sample (N = 641)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Michelle M Hughes, Nazia S Saiyed, Tiffany S Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate local-level adult influenza and pneumococcal vaccination disparities to inform targeted interventions. METHODS: Questions on influenza and pneumococcal vaccination uptake were included in a door-to-door community-based representative survey conducted in 10 Chicago, Illinois, neighborhoods in 2015 and 2016. A total of 1543 adults completed the survey, including 172 adults aged 65 years or older. We calculated adult influenza (≥ 18 years) and pneumococcal (≥ 65 years) vaccination coverage by community area and respondent characteristics...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Ram B Jain
PURPOSE: To revise and extend the previously published serum cotinine cut offs to classify smokers and nonsmokers for US adolescents and adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional data (N = 10171) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2011-2014 were used to compute serum cotinine cut offs to classify smokers and nonsmokers for US adults aged > = 20 years and 2007-2014 (N = 4583) data were used to compute serum cotinine cut offs for US adolescents aged 12 - 19 years...
February 21, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
I Duran, K Martakis, S Hamacher, C Stark, O Semler, E Schoenau
The aim was to describe the effect of age, gender, height, different stages of human life, and body fat on the functional muscle-bone unit. All these factors had a significant effect on the functional muscle-bone unit and should be addressed when assessing functional muscle-bone unit in children and adults. INTRODUCTION: For the clinical evaluation of the functional muscle-bone unit, it was proposed to evaluate the adaptation of the bone to the acting forces. A frequently used parameter for this is the total body less head bone mineral content (TBLH-BMC) determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in relation to the lean body mass (LBM by DXA)...
February 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Meredith R Craven, Laurie Keefer, Alfred Rademaker, Amanda Dykema-Engblade, Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen
Social support is an important factor in increasing positive health outcomes and positive health behaviors across a variety of disease states including obesity. However, research examining the relationship between social support for exercise and weight and physical activity status, particularly among Latino men, is lacking. This paper examined whether social support for exercise predicted weight and physical activity status and whether the direction of these relationships differ as a function of Hispanic/Latino background (Puerto Rican/Mexican)...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Sarah S Casagrande, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Larissa Avilés-Santa, Matthew J O'Brien, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Samantha A Reina, Xueyin Wang, Qibin Qi, Aida L Giachello, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Catherine C Cowie
Objective: A healthy diet is important for diabetes prevention and control; however, few studies have assessed dietary intake among US Hispanics/Latinos, a diverse population with a significant burden of diabetes. To address this gap in the literature, we determined intake of energy, macro/micronutrients, and vitamin supplements among Hispanics/Latinos by glycemic status and heritage. Research design and methods: Cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-74 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) with complete baseline data on glycemic status and two 24-hour dietary recalls (n=13 089)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
G Vazquez-Elizondo, L E Hernández-González, S R Achem
High-resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) has become the method of choice for evaluation of esophageal motility disorders. There is a paucity of data with this technique from Hispanic countries. This study aims to characterize the diagnostic outcome of HREM in a large cohort of consecutive patients in Mexico.This study was conducted in Monterrey, Mexico from March 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015. Our diverse study population included patients from a major academic institution and the community. HREM was done applying the Chicago Classification 3...
February 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Geraldine McQuillan, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Elaine W Flagg, Ryne Paulose-Ram
Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) are common, lifelong infections, which often have no symptoms (1). People with symptoms may have painful blisters or sores at the site of infection (2,3). The viruses are transmitted through contact with an infected person’s lesion, mucosal surface, or genital or oral secretions. This report provides recent national estimates of HSV-1 and HSV-2 antibody prevalence from the 2015–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) among persons aged 14–49 by age, sex, and race and Hispanic origin, and examines trends in prevalence by race and Hispanic origin from 1999–2000 to 2015–2016...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Miriam Mutambudzi, Nai-Wei Chen, Bret Howrey, Marc A Garcia, Kyriakos S Markides
Background: We sought to identify distinct trajectory classes of physical performance in Mexican Americans aged 75 years and older, and to examine whether these trajectories predict mortality. Methods: We used 4 waves of Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE) data for adults 75 years and older from 2004-5 to 2013. Latent growth curve analysis was used to identify distinct trajectory classes. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between baseline characteristics and the newly constructed trajectories...
February 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Hatice S Zahran, Cathy M Bailey, Scott A Damon, Paul L Garbe, Patrick N Breysse
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic lung disease of childhood, affecting approximately 6 million children in the United States. Although asthma cannot be cured, most of the time, asthma symptoms can be controlled by avoiding or reducing exposure to asthma triggers (allergens and irritants) and by following recommendations for asthma education and appropriate medical care. METHODS: CDC analyzed asthma data from the 2001-2016 National Health Interview Survey for children aged 0-17 years to examine trends and demographic differences in health outcomes and health care use...
February 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Maria João Lobo Antunes, Eileen M Ahlin
Experiences with neighborhood violence can produce negative consequences in youth, including stress, anxiety, and deviant behavior. Studies report that immigrant and minority youth are more likely to be exposed to violence but less likely to perpetrate it. Similarly, research shows parenting practices are differentially adopted by Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics. Although family management strategies can often act as a barrier to the detrimental effects of exposure to community violence (ETV-C), there is a paucity of investigation on how Hispanic subgroups (e...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Meredith Trubitt, Ogechika Alozie, Gurjeet Shokar, Silvia Flores, Navkiran K Shokar
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe access and health-related use of the Internet and cell phones, and attitudes toward patient portals among a predominantly Hispanic patient population residing along the U.S.-Mexico border. METHODS: A bilingual cross-sectional survey was conducted in two clinics to describe use and attitudes toward use of Web 2.0 technology for health-related activities. Univariate and multivariable analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with past Web 2...
February 2, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Elizabeth Jasso-Ramírez, Fernando Sánchez Y Béjar, Fernando Arcaute Aizpuru, Irene E Maulen Radován, Héctor de la Garza Hesles
BACKGROUND: Our aim in this study was to determine the angle of the internal nasal valve in Mexican patients with the "mestizo nose" feature and without nasal obstructive symptoms. The work was prospective, comparative, and observational in nature and included patients >14 years of age who were seen in the Otolaryngology Department at the Los Angeles Lomas Hospital between April and May 2016. METHODS: The angle of the internal nasal valve was measured in 30 patients without obstructive symptoms...
January 30, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Linda S Geiss, Kai McKeever Bullard, Ralph Brinks, Annika Hoyer, Edward W Gregg
Objective: To examine recent trends in type 2 diabetes detection among adults in the USA. Research design and methods: We used data from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys on non-pregnant adults (aged ≥18 years) not reporting a diagnosis of diabetes (n=16 644 participants, averaging about 2000 for each 2-year cycle). We defined undiagnosed diabetes as a fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or a hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Jessica M Jarvis, Brian Downer, Jacques Baillargeon, Mary Khetani, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James E Graham
OBJECTIVE: To determine if positive emotion modifies the relationship between cognitive impairment and activities of daily living disability status over 10 years in Mexican American adults aged 75 years and older. METHODS: A retrospective cohort design using data from the Hispanic established populations for the epidemiologic studies of the elderly. About 2674 participants aged 75 years and older were included and followed over 10 years. Cognition was measured using the mini-mental state examination, positive emotion was measured using four questions from the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and disability was measured using seven activities of daily living items...
January 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Liming Dong, Brisa N Sánchez, Lesli E Skolarus, Lewis B Morgenstern, Lynda D Lisabeth
BACKGROUND: Little is known about ethnic differences in poststroke depression (PSD) in the United States. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of PSD at 90 days after first-ever stroke and to examine ethnic differences in the prevalence between Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Stroke cases from 2011 to 2015 were identified from the BASIC project (Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi)-a population-based stroke surveillance study in south Texas...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Denise J Bowen, Maureen Mickus, Alma N Rosales
PURPOSE: Attitudes regarding health-related deservingness of care for vulnerable patient populations can impact the quality of services provided. This study was aimed at identifying the influences that shape these attitudes among physician assistant (PA) students. METHODS: The study focused on PA students' perspectives toward care for a particularly vulnerable population, undocumented Mexican immigrants. An in-person survey was administered to first- and second-year PA students (n = 75)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
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