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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164933/the-influence-of-acculturation-on-traumatic-stress-following-childbirth-among-hispanic-adolescents
#1
Cheryl Anderson, Sarah Strickland
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have explored the role of acculturation on health outcomes; however, no studies to date have examined relationships between acculturation and the traumatic stress of childbirth among Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: A convenience sample of 66 Hispanic adolescents 13 to 19 years of age completed the Acculturation Rating Scale for Mexican Americans-II (ARSMA-II), a demographic sheet, birth appraisal scale, and the Impact of Event Scale within 72 hours of birth...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#2
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142493/cervical-arterial-fibromuscular-dysplasia-in-a-biethnic-population-a-retrospective-study-in-the-u-s-mexican-border
#3
Ihtesham A Qureshi, Gustavo J Rodriguez, Tatiana Chacon-Quesada, Gavito-Higuera Jose, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Alberto Maud
Background  There have been studies trying to characterize Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD); however, most of them are based in mainly non-Hispanic sample. The objective of this study is to better understand the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of craniocervical FMD in the Hispanic population. Methods  We retrospectively reviewed the cerebral angiograms performed in our center in a period of 3.5 years under any indication looking for angiographic patterns of FMD. Exclusion criteria consisted of cases in which the first angiogram was done when the patients were younger than 18 years...
December 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#4
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134763/trends-in-beverage-consumption-among-children-and-adults-2003-2014
#5
Sara N Bleich, Kelsey A Vercammen, Jonathan Wyatt Koma, Zhonghe Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide the most recent national estimates for beverage consumption among children and adults in the United States. METHODS: Dietary data were collected from 18,600 children aged 2 to 19 years and from 27,652 adults aged ≥ 20 years in the 2003 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Total beverage and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption was measured by 24-hour dietary recall. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, per capita consumption of all beverages declined significantly among children (473...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118161/dietary-nutrient-intake-ethnicity-and-epigenetic-silencing-of-lung-cancer-genes-detected-in-sputum-in-new-mexican-smokers
#6
Shuguang Leng, Maria A Picchi, Huining Kang, Guodong Wu, Piotr T Filipczak, Daniel E Juri, Xiequn Zhang, W James Gauderman, Frank D Gilliland, Steven A Belinsky
Lung cancer (LC) gene methylation detected in sputum assesses field cancerization and predicts LC incidence. Hispanic smokers have higher LC susceptibility compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). We aimed to identify novel dietary nutrients affecting LC gene methylation and determine the degree of ethnic disparity in methylation explained by diet. Dietary intakes of 139 nutrients were assessed using a validated Harvard food frequency questionnaire in 327 Hispanics and 1502 NHWs from the Lovelace Smokers cohort (LSC)...
November 8, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108591/solamente-mexicanos-patterns-and-sources-of-hispanic-diversity-in-u-s-metropolitan-areas
#7
Barrett A Lee, Michael J R Martin, Matthew Hall
Rapid Hispanic growth has been a major source of increasing ethnoracial diversity in the United States. However, diversity within the Hispanic population is frequently obscured by the tendency to lump all Latinos together. Our study examines Hispanic diversity at the local level, drawing insights from the Mexican dominance, Caribbean-centric settlement, spatial assimilation, and economic opportunity perspectives. Measures of the magnitude and structure of Hispanic origin-group diversity during the 1990-2010 period are constructed for 363 metropolitan areas based on each area's shares of Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Dominicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Colombians, and 'others'...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070559/iron-status-of-toddlers-nonpregnant-females-and-pregnant-females-in-the-united-states
#8
REVIEW
Priya M Gupta, Heather C Hamner, Parminder S Suchdev, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Zuguo Mei
Background: Total-body iron stores (TBI), which are calculated from serum ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor concentrations, can be used to assess the iron status of populations in the United States.Objective: This analysis, developed to support workshop discussions, describes the distribution of TBI and the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) and ID anemia (IDA) among toddlers, nonpregnant females, and pregnant females.Design: We analyzed data from NHANES; toddlers aged 12-23 mo (NHANES 2003-2010), nonpregnant females aged 15-49 y (NHANES 2007-2010), and pregnant females aged 12-49 y (NHANES 1999-2010)...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065195/movie-language-orientation-gender-movie-smoking-exposure-and-smoking-susceptibility-among-youth-in-mexico
#9
Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Erika N Abad-Vivero, Inti Barrientos-Gutierrez, Edna Arillo-Santillán, Rosaura Pérez Hérnandez, Jennifer B Unger, James F Thrasher
Introduction: As a result of globalization, youth in Mexico may be exposed to US culture remotely. This remote intercultural contact may influence their movie language orientation and cigarette smoking. To examine how intercultural contact with U.S. culture influences the smoking behaviors of youth in Mexico, this study investigated the influence of English- and Spanish-language movie orientation on movie smoking exposure through US- and Mexico-produced movies. It also examined whether youth movie smoking exposure was associated with higher positive smoking-related expectancies and greater intentions to smoke cigarettes...
July 24, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059350/smoking-among-hispanic-latino-nationality-groups-and-whites-comparisons-between-california-and-the-united-states
#10
Jamie Q Felicitas-Perkins, Kari-Lyn K Sakuma, Lyzette Blanco, Pebbles Fagan, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Georgiana Bostean, Bin Xie, Dennis R Trinidad
Introduction: Although California is home to the largest Hispanic/Latino population, few studies have compared smoking behavior trends of Hispanic/Latino nationality groups in California to the remaining United States (US), which may identify the impact of the state's anti-tobacco efforts on these groups. This study compared smoking status, frequency, and intensity among Mexican Americans, Central/South Americans, and non-Hispanic Whites in California to the remaining US in the 1990s and 2000s...
August 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055217/trends-in-and-factors-affecting-the-observed-levels-of-urinary-inorganic-and-total-blood-mercury-among-us-children-adolescents-adults-and-senior-citizens-over-2005-2012
#11
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2005-2012 were used to (i) study adjusted and unadjusted trends in the levels of urinary inorganic mercury (UIHG) and total blood mercury (TBHG) and (ii) factors that affect the observed levels of UIHG and TBHG among children aged 1-5 (CHLD15) and 6-11 (CHLD611) years, adolescents aged 12-19 years (ADOL), adults aged 20-64 years (ADLT), and senior citizens aged >=65 years (SNR). Decrease in adjusted levels of UIHG for each 2-year NHANES cycle for CHLD611 was 0...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054031/mental-health-of-heroin-users-with-differing-injection-drug-use-histories-a-non-treatment-sample-of-mexican-american-young-adult-men
#12
Kathryn M Nowotny, Tasha Perdue, Alice Cepeda, Avelardo Valdez
BACKGROUND: While the comorbidity of mental health and injecting heroin has been documented, current research is limited by describing the mental health of people who inject drugs without a comparison group and by the lack of research on nontreatment samples in the United States, particularly among Hispanics. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of injecting history (never, former, occasional, and daily) and multiple outcomes of global and mental health using a sample of U...
December 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050235/ethnic-heterogeneity-and-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-latino-men-a-population-based-study
#13
Felix M Chinea, Vivek N Patel, Deukwoo Kwon, Narottam Lamichhane, Chris Lopez, Sanoj Punnen, Erin N Kobetz, Matthew C Abramowitz, Alan Pollack
BACKGROUND: Few studies focus on prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes in Hispanic/Latino men. Our study explores whether Hispanic/Latino subgroups demonstrate significantly different prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) relative to Non-Hispanic White (NHW) and Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) men. METHODS: We extracted a population-based cohort of men diagnosed with local-regional PCa from 2000-2013 (n= 486,865). PCSM was measured in racial/ethnic groups: NHW (n=352,886), NHB (n= 70,983), Hispanic/Latino (n= 40,462), and Asian American/Pacific Islander (n= 22,534)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044768/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-low-bone-mass-among-puerto-rican-older-adults
#14
Sabrina E Noel, Kelsey M Mangano, John L Griffith, Nicole C Wright, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Katherine L Tucker
Historically, osteoporosis has not been considered a public health priority for the Hispanic population. However, recent data indicate that Mexican Americans are at increased risk for this chronic condition. Although it is well established that there is heterogeneity in social, lifestyle, and health-related factors among Hispanic subgroups, there are currently few studies on bone health among Hispanic subgroups other than Mexican Americans. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass (LBM) among 953 Puerto Rican adults, aged 47 to 79 yr and living on the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040557/divergence-and-convergence-in-cause-specific-premature-adult-mortality-in-mexico-and-us-mexican-hispanics-from-1995-to-2015-analyses-of-4-9-million-individual-deaths
#15
Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Carlos Manuel Guerrero-López, Mauricio Hernández Ávila, Hyacinth Irving, Prabhat Jha
Background: Mexicans and US Mexican Hispanics share modifiable determinants of premature mortality. We compared trends in mortality at ages 30-69 in Mexico and among US Mexican Hispanics from 1995 to 2015. Methods: We examined nationally representative statistics on 4.2 million Mexican and 0.7 million US deaths to examine cause-specific mortality. We used lung cancer indexed methods to estimate smoking-attributable deaths stratified by high and lower burden Mexican states...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035106/does-the-hispanic-health-advantage-extend-to-better-management-of-hypertension-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-sociobehavioral-factors-and-health-care-access
#16
Emily Bacon, Fernando Riosmena, Richard G Rogers
Hispanics in the United States (and foreign-born Hispanics in particular) have relatively favorable health given their lower socioeconomic status compared to, for example, non-Hispanic whites. This phenomenon is often called the Hispanic health paradox (HHP). This study examines whether the previously documented HHP in hypertension prevalence extends to its management using clinical and self-reported measures from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Multivariate models adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic, and sociobehavioral characteristics show an advantage among foreign-born Mexicans in hypertension prevalence relative to non-Hispanic whites (adjusted OR = 0...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035105/racial-ethnic-differences-in-early-life-mortality-in-the-united-states
#17
Richard G Rogers, Elizabeth M Lawrence, Robert A Hummer, Andrea M Tilstra
U.S. early-life (ages 1-24) deaths are tragic, far too common, and largely preventable. Yet demographers have focused scant attention on U.S. early-life mortality patterns, particularly as they vary across racial and ethnic groups. We employed the restricted-use 1999-2011 National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files and hazard models to examine racial/ethnic differences in early-life mortality. Our results reveal that these disparities are large, strongly related to differences in parental socioeconomic status, and expressed through different causes of death...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977000/social-group-identity-and-population-substructure-in-admixed-populations-in-new-mexico-and-latin-america
#18
Meghan E Healy, Deirdre Hill, Marianne Berwick, Heather Edgar, Jessica Gross, Keith Hunley
We examined the relationship between continental-level genetic ancestry and racial and ethnic identity in an admixed population in New Mexico with the goal of increasing our understanding of how racial and ethnic identity influence genetic substructure in admixed populations. Our sample consists of 98 New Mexicans who self-identified as Hispanic or Latino (NM-HL) and who further categorized themselves by race and ethnic subgroup membership. The genetic data consist of 270 newly-published autosomal microsatellites from the NM-HL sample and previously published data from 57 globally distributed populations, including 13 admixed samples from Central and South America...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975580/vitamin-d-and-disability-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-in-patients-with-a-mexican-background
#19
Yamel Rito, Jesus Flores, Angeles Fernández-Aguilar, Carmen Escalante-Membrillo, Miguel A Barboza, Lilyana Amezcua, Teresa Corona
Previous studies of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have reported an inverse correlation between disability, the number of relapses and vitamin D levels in mostly white patients. It is unclear if this relationship has the same behavior in individuals with Hispanic backgrounds. To determine the relationship between vitamin D serum levels and disability in a sample of Hispanics of a Mexican background with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). A cross-sectional study was conducted on 50 RRMS individuals of Mexican background...
October 3, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967765/education-bilingualism-and-cognitive-trajectories-sacramento-area-latino-aging-study-salsa
#20
Dan Mungas, Dawnté R Early, M Maria Glymour, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, Mary N Haan
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of education, country where education occurred, and monolingual-bilingual (English/Spanish) language usage on late life cognitive trajectories in the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA), an epidemiological study of health and cognition in Hispanics, mostly of Mexican origin, age 60 and over (N = 1,499). METHOD: SALSA followed a large cohort of older Latinos for up to 7 assessment waves from 1998 to 2007. Global cognition was assessed by using the Modified Mini Mental State Examination, and the Spanish English Verbal Learning Test was used to measure episodic memory...
October 2, 2017: Neuropsychology
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