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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905175/racial-disparity-in-all-cause-mortality-among-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-individuals-in-a-general-us-population-nhanes-iii
#1
B Emmanuel, M D Shardell, L Tracy, S Kottilil, S S El-Kamary
There are few long-term nationally representative studies of all-cause mortality among those infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). When an additional 5 years of data were made publicly available in 2015, the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Linked Mortality File became the longest nationally representative study in the United States. Our objective was to update the estimated HCV-associated all-cause mortality in the general US population and determine any differences by sex, age and race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896669/detection-of-autoantibodies-to-dsf70-ledgfp75-in-mexican-hispanics-using-multiple-complementary-assay-platforms
#2
Mónica Vázquez-Del Mercado, Eduardo Gómez-Bañuelos, Rosa Elena Navarro-Hernández, Oscar Pizano-Martinez, Adan Saldaña-Millán, Efrain Chavarria-Avila, Lorena Gonzalez-Rosas, Lilia Andrade-Ortega, Miguel Angel Saavedra, Olga Lidia Vera-Lastra, Luis Javier Jara, Gabriel Medrano-Ramírez, Claudia Cruz-Reyes, Ignacio García-De la Torre, Marta Escarra-Senmarti, Lisiane Maria Enriconi-Dos Anjos, Anamika Basu, Roger Albesa, Michael Mahler, Carlos A Casiano
PURPOSE: Antinuclear autoantibodies (ANA) targeting the dense fine speckled antigen DFS70, also known as lens epithelium-derived growth factor p75 (LEDGF/p75), are attracting attention due to their low frequency in systemic rheumatic diseases but increased frequency in clinical laboratory referrals and healthy individuals (HI). These ANA specifically recognize the stress protein DFS70/LEDGFp75, implicated in cancer, HIV-AIDS, and inflammation. While their frequency has been investigated in various ethnic populations, there is little information on their frequency among Hispanics/Latinos...
December 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869511/acoustic-reflexes-are-common-but-not-pervasive-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2012
#3
Gregory A Flamme, Kristy K Deiters, Stephen M Tasko, William A Ahroon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether acoustic reflexes are pervasive (i.e. sufficiently prevalent to provide 95% confidence of at least 95% prevalence) and might be invoked in damage-risk criteria (DRC) and health hazard assessments (HHA) for impulsive noise. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of a nationally-representative study. STUDY SAMPLE: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data collected between 1999 and 2012 were used...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862528/relationships-among-fat-mass-fat-free-mass-and-height-in-adults-a-new-method-of-statistical-analysis-applied-to-nhanes-data
#4
Richard F Burton
OBJECTIVES: The positive influence of fat mass (FM) on fat-free mass (FFM) has been quantified previously by various methods involving regression analysis of population data, but some are fundamentally flawed through neglect of the tendency of taller individuals to carry more fat. Differences in FFM due to differences in FM-and not directly related to differences in height-are expressed as ΔFFM/ΔFM, denoted KF . The main aims were to find a sounder regression-based method of quantifying KF and simultaneously of estimating mean BMI0 , the BMI of hypothetical fat-free individuals...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855733/actigraphic-sleep-patterns-of-u-s-hispanics-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#5
Katherine A Dudley, Jia Weng, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Guido Simonelli, Elizabeth Cespedes, Maricelle Ramirez, Alberto R Ramos, Jose S Loredo, Kathryn J Reid, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Phyllis C Zee, Diana A Chirinos, Linda C Gallo, Rui Wang, Sanjay R Patel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent to which objective sleep patterns vary among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos. METHODS: We assessed objective sleep patterns in 2,087 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos from six Hispanic/Latino subgroups aged 18-64 years who underwent 7 days of wrist actigraphy. RESULTS: The age- and sex-standardized mean (SE) sleep duration was 6.82 (0.05), 6.72 (0.07), 6.61 (0.07), 6.59 (0.06), 6...
October 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825247/ethnic-differences-in-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-by-physical-activity-levels-among-older-adults-in-the-us
#6
Elizabeth Vásquez, Karine Sahakyan, John A Batsis, Cassandra Germain, Virend K Somers, Benjamin A Shaw
AIMS: This study sought to determine whether the association between varying levels of physical activity (PA) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality differ by race/ethnicity in older adults. METHODS: The sample comprised 2520 women and 2398 men drawn from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988-1994) aged ≥ 60 years. We used the metabolic equivalent (MET) of self-reported PA levels to define activity groups (inactive: those who did not report any PA; active: those who reported 3-6 METs for ≥5 times/week or >6 METs, ≥3 times/week; insufficiently active: those meeting neither criteria)...
November 9, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822768/pediatric-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-the-rise-of-a-lethal-disease-among-mexican-american-hispanic-children
#7
REVIEW
Monica M Betancourt-Garcia, Armando Arguelles, Jorge Montes, Ambrosio Hernandez, Manish Singh, R Armour Forse
Hispanic children of Mexican origin have a high incidence of NAFLD. Susceptibility has been linked to a combination of factors including an increasing epidemic of obesity in children and adolescents, an allele substitution in the PNPLA3 gene that reduces hepatic lipid catabolism, and an altered microbiome that may increase hepatic endotoxins. The combination of NAFLD and portal vein toxins secondary to an indigenous gut microbiome appear to lead to the early occurrence of NASH, which progresses to cirrhosis and early hepatocellular carcinoma...
November 7, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818434/assessing-health-literacy-levels-of-spanish-speaking-hispanic-patients-in-spanish-at-federally-qualified-health-centers-fqhcs-in-the-midwest
#8
Armando De Alba, Denise H Britigan, Elizabeth Lyden, Patrik Johansson
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate health literacy levels in Spanish-speaking Hispanic adults accessing health care services in the Midwest. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients (n = 402) at two Midwestern federally qualified health centers. The assessment tool used in this study contained the Short Assessment of Health Literacy-S. RESULTS: A total of 36% of the participants had a low health literacy level (LHLL). Forty-five percent of males versus 31% of females demonstrated LHLL (p < ...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811157/income-inequality-and-u-s-children-s-secondhand-smoke-exposure-distinct-associations-by-race-ethnicity
#9
Edmond D Shenassa, Lauren M Rossen, Jonathan Cohen, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Devon C Payne-Sturges
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have found considerable racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure. Although a number of individual-level determinants of this disparity have been identified, contextual determinants of racial and ethnic disparities in second-hand smoke exposure remain unexamined. The objective of this study was to examine disparities in serum cotinine in relation to area-level income inequality among 14,649 children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 3, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783403/fear-of-falling-in-older-mexican-americans-a-longitudinal-study-of-incidence-and-predictive-factors
#10
Leah Dierking, Kyriakos Markides, Soham Al Snih, M Kristen Peek
OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of fear of falling in older Mexican Americans over time. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Community-dwelling residents throughout California, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged 72 and older participating in the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly from 2000-01 to 2010-11 (N = 1,682)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770075/emerging-temporal-trends-in-tissue-plasminogen-activator-use-results-from-the-basic-project
#11
Joseph S Domino, Jonggyu Baek, William J Meurer, Nelda Garcia, Lewis B Morgenstern, Morgan Campbell, Lynda D Lisabeth
OBJECTIVE: To explore temporal trends in tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) administration for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in a biethnic community without an academic medical center and variation in trends by age, sex, ethnicity, and stroke severity. METHODS: Cases of AIS were identified from 7 hospitals in the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) project, a population-based surveillance study between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2012. tPA, demographics, and stroke severity as assessed by the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) were ascertained from medical records...
November 22, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748648/physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-disease-among-older-adults-the-case-of-race-ethnicity
#12
Kerstin Gerst Emerson, Jennifer Gay
The goals of this study were 1) to test the relative contribution of light-intensity and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) to Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk in older adults, and 2) to examine the influence of ethnicity. We used pooled data from the 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 waves of the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). The sample consisted of 1,171 White, Black and Mexican American adults aged 65 and older. Using ordinary least squares regression, we showed no statistically significant relationship between lower CVD risk with light intensity activity...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748134/perceptions-of-negative-health-care-experiences-and-self-reported-health-behavior-change-in-three-racial-and-ethnic-groups
#13
Rebecca J Schwei, Timothy P Johnson, Alicia K Matthews, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: Our two study objectives were: (1) to understand the relationship between the perception of a previous negative health-care experience and race/ethnicity, and how socio-demographic, access-to-health-care, and self-reported health variables modified this relationship; and (2) to assess how many behaviors participants reported changing as a result of experiencing a perceived negative health-care experience, which behaviors they changed, and if there were differences in patterns of change across racial/ethnic groups...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741576/mobility-limitations-and-fear-of-falling-in-non-english-speaking-older-mexican-americans
#14
Eric G James, Phillip Conatser, Murat Karabulut, Suzanne G Leveille, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Sarah Cote, Katherine L Tucker, Bruce Barton, Jonathan F Bean, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older Mexican-Americans who cannot speak and/or understand spoken English have higher rates of mobility limitations or fear of falling than their English-speaking counterparts. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1169 community-dwelling Mexican-Americans aged 72-96 years from the 2000-2001 wave of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly. Mobility limitations were defined as having a Short Physical Performance Battery score ≤9, and fear of falling by participant report of being somewhat, fairly, or very afraid of falling...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737581/craniofacial-secular-change-in-recent-mexican-migrants
#15
Katherine Spradley, Kyra E Stull, Joseph T Hefner
Research by economists suggests that recent Mexican migrants are better educated and have higher socioeconomic status (SES) than previous migrants. Because factors associated with higher SES and improved education can lead to positive secular changes in overall body form, secular changes in the craniofacial complex were analyzed within a recent migrant group from Mexico. The Mexican group represents individuals in the act of migration, not yet influenced by the American environment, and thus can serve as a starting point for future studies of secular change in this population group...
January 2016: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733476/acculturation-predicts-negative-affect-and-shortened-telomere-length
#16
R Jeanne Ruiz, Jerome Trzeciakowski, Tiffany Moore, Kimberly S Ayers, Rita H Pickler
Chronic stress may accelerate cellular aging. Telomeres, protective "caps" at the end of chromosomes, modulate cellular aging and may be good biomarkers for the effects of chronic stress, including that associated with acculturation. The purpose of this analysis was to examine telomere length (TL) in acculturating Hispanic Mexican American women and to determine the associations among TL, acculturation, and psychological factors. As part of a larger cross-sectional study of 516 pregnant Hispanic Mexican American women, we analyzed DNA in blood samples (N = 56) collected at 22-24 weeks gestation for TL as an exploratory measure using monochrome multiplex quantitative telomere polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
October 12, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726265/total-anticholinergic-burden-and-survival-within-a-cohort-of-elderly-mexican-americans
#17
G Blair Sarbacker, David V Espino, Robert C Wood, Sandra L Oakes, Dheeraj Anand, Kyriakos A Markides
AIM: Studies examining the association between mortality and anticholinergic burden in the geriatric population are conflicting and are absent in the Mexican American population. The present study aimed to determine whether higher anticholinergic burden increases mortality in a cohort representative of community-based older Mexican Americans in the USA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort database study used the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly cohort...
October 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712983/acculturation-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-risk-among-hispanics-of-mexican-origin-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Maya Balakrishnan, Fasiha Kanwal, Hashem B El-Serag, Aaron P Thrift
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711039/quickstats-percentage-of-children-aged-1-5-years-with-elevated-blood-lead-levels-%C3%A2-by-race-ethnicity-%C3%A2-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-1988-1994-1999-2006-and-2007-2014
#19
(no author information available yet)
From 1988-1994 to 2007-2014, the percentage of children aged 1-5 years with blood lead levels ≥5 μg/dL declined from 25.6% to 1.9%. Blood lead levels fell dramatically for all racial and ethnic groups. Despite the decline, in 2007-2014, non-Hispanic black children (4.0%) aged 1-5 years were twice as likely as non-Hispanic white children (1.9%) and more than three times as likely as Mexican American children (1.1%) to have elevated blood lead levels.
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701986/predictive-validity-of-the-acc-aha-pooled-cohort-equations-in-predicting-residual-specific-mortality-in-a-national-prospective-cohort-study-of-adults-in-the-united-states
#20
Meghan K Edwards, Ovuokerie Addoh, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: The predictive validity of the Pooled Cohort risk (PCR) equations for residual-specific mortality (deaths not resulting from the 9 leading causes of death) among a national sample of U.S. adults has not previously been evaluated, which was the purpose of this study. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used, with participants followed up through December 31, 2011 to ascertain mortality status. The analyzed sample included 11,171 cardiovascular disease-free adults (40-79 years of age)...
October 4, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
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