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Hispanic Mexican

Bret T Howrey, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
PURPOSE: Progressive physical frailty in older adults is associated with increased risk of falls, disability, institutionalization, and mortality. Although associations between diabetes and frailty have been observed, the impact of diabetes on frailty in older Hispanics is largely unexplored. We examine the association of diabetes on the odds of frailty among older Mexican Americans. METHODS: Using data from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly from 1995 until 2012, frailty was assessed by slow gait, weak hand grip strength, exhaustion, and unexplained weight loss (n = 1327)...
April 26, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Sarah Stark Casagrande, Barbara Linder, Catherine C Cowie
AIMS: The true prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in the United States is unknown. This study determined the prevalence of GDM and a subsequent diagnosis of diabetes in a nationally representative sample of U.S. women. METHODS: The crude and age-adjusted prevalence of GDM and subsequent diabetes were evaluated by sociodemographic and health-related characteristics among women age ≥20 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2007-2014 (N=8,185)...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Keith Hunley, Heather Edgar, Meghan Healy, Carmen Mosley, Graciela S Cabana, Frankie West
In this study, we evaluated the extent to which regional history has shaped the social identity nomenclature in New Mexicans of Spanish-speaking descent (NMSD). We asked 507 NMSD to list the social-identity terms they used to describe themselves and their parents, and we examined the correspondence between these choices and family ties to the region, birthplace, and continental ancestry. NMSD frequently identified using the regional terms "Nuevomexicano/a" (15%) and "Spanish" (12%). These individuals reported family ties to the region that predate New Mexican statehood...
July 2017: Human Biology
Chantel L Martin, Mary N Haan, Lindsay Fernandez-Rhodes, Anne Lee, Allison E Aiello
Foreign-born Hispanics have better cardiometabolic health upon arrival in the US than their US-born counterparts, yet this advantage diminishes as duration of residence in the US increases. Underlying mechanisms explaining this paradox have been understudied. Using data from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA), this study examined immigration history (immigrant generation and duration of US residence) in relation to biomarkers of inflammation (interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble forms of type 1 and 2 receptors of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2), C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, adiponectin) in a sample of 1,290 predominantly Mexican-origin immigrants...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
Enrique Gomez-Figueroa, Sofia Garcia-Trejo, Raul Anwar Garcia-Santos, Gerardo Quiñones-Pesqueira, Juan Manuel Calleja-Castillo
Introduction: From its initial report on two female patients in 1979 by J.O. Susac, Susac syndrome (SuS) or SICRET (small infarctions of cochlear, retinal and encephalic tissue) has persisted as an elusive entity. To date the available evidence for its treatment is based on case reports and case series. The largest systematic review described only 304 reported cases since the 1970s. Here we presented the first reported case to our knowledge in Mexican population and the unusual presentation in a pregnant patient...
March 2018: ENeurologicalSci
Chih-Ying Li, Soham Al Snih, Amol Karmarkar, Kyriakos S Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of early frailty transitions on 15-year mortality risk. METHODS: Longitudinal data analysis of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly involving 1171 community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged ≥67 years and older. Frailty was determined using the modified frailty phenotype, including unintentional weight loss, weakness, self-reported exhaustion, and slow walking speed. Participants were defined at baseline as nonfrail, prefrail, or frail and divided into nine transition groups, during a 3-year observation period...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
Sunmi Song, Christopher Steven Marcum, Anna V Wilkinson, Sanjay Shete, Laura M Koehly
Background: Despite prevalent binge drinking and alcohol-dependent symptoms among Hispanics, few studies have examined how multidimensional factors influence Hispanic adolescents' binge drinking. Purpose This study examines the effects of genetic, psychological, and social network factors on binge drinking over time among Mexican heritage adolescents in the USA and whether there are correlations among genetic variants that are associated with binge drinking and psychological and network characteristics...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Shervin Assari, Mariana R DeFreitas
The aim of this study is to explore ethnic variations in psychosocial and health correlates of eating disorders in the United States, Specifically, we compared associations between gender, socioeconomic status (SES), body mass index (BMI), physical and mental self-rated health (SRH), and major depressive disorder (MDD) with eating disorders (EDs) across 10 different ethnic groups in the United States. Data was obtained from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), a national household probability sample collected in 2001⁻2003...
April 25, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Laurel O'Bright, Tanya R Peckmann, Susan Meek
Latin American populations are traditionally reported as one ancestral group in the forensic anthropology literature. However, this study illustrates the need for population-specific methodologies for ancestral groups that are considered Latin American. This project evaluated the accuracy of the sex estimation discriminant function created from the tibia of a Mexican population, when applied to a Chilean population. The maximum distal epiphyseal breadth (MDEB) and the anterior-posterior diameter at the nutrient foramen (APDNF) were measured on 203 tibiae (108 males and 95 females) from the Subactual Skeletal Collection at the University of Chile...
April 4, 2018: Forensic Science International
David S Lopez, Shailesh Advani, Xueting Qiu, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Mohit Khera, Jeri Kim, Steven Canfield
OBJECTIVE: The association of caffeine intake with testosterone remains unclear. We evaluated the association of caffeine intake with serum testosterone among American men and determined whether this association varied by race/ethnicity and measurements of adiposity. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 2581 men (≥20 years old) who participated in the cycles of the NHANES 1999-2004 and 2011-2012, a cross-sectional study. Testosterone (ng/mL) was measured by immunoassay among men who participated in the morning examination session...
April 25, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Giyeon Kim, Minjung Kim, Soohyun Park, Daniel E Jimenez, David A Chiriboga
Background and Objectives: This study examined the effect of limited English proficiency (LEP) on trajectories of depressive symptoms among Mexican American older adults in the United States. Research Design and Methods: The sample was drawn from Waves 1 to 6 (1993-2007) of the Hispanic Established Population for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE). A total of 2,945 Mexican American older adults were included in the analyses. A latent growth curve modeling was conducted...
April 23, 2018: Gerontologist
Nahid Rianon, Catherine G Ambrose, Maryam Buni, Gordon Watt, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Miryoung Lee, Joseph McCormick, Susan Fisher-Hoch
Altered bone quality due to the underlying metabolic changes of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been hypothesized to affect bone strength, leading to increased fracture risk in patients with T2D. Lumbar spine trabecular bone score (LS-TBS), an indirect measure of trabecular microarchitecture, provides information on bone quality and has been associated with T2D. However, trabecular bone score (TBS) is also affected by demographic patterns and body size, and is expected to be different in people from various ethnic or racial backgrounds...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Amal Rammah, Kristina Walker Whitworth, Inkyu Han, Wenyaw Chan, Maria D Jimenez, Sara S Strom, Melissa L Bondy, Elaine Symanski
PURPOSE: Independent and combined effects of air pollution and psychosocial stressors on hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, among Hispanics are not well studied. METHODS: We administered a pilot-tested questionnaire on individual- and neighborhood-level psychosocial stressors, developed with community input, to nearly 2500 individuals from the MD Anderson Cancer Center cohort of Mexican-Americans. We used data from local air quality monitors to estimate individual exposures to ozone (O3 ) and fine particulate matter (PM2...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
S Vega-López, N M Lindberg, G J Eckert, E L Nicholson, G Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association between key dental outcomes and added sugar intake using a survey instrument to assess added sugars, which was specifically tailored to immigrant and US-born adults of Mexican origin. METHODS: Hispanic adults of Mexican origin (n = 326; 36.2 ± 12.1 years) completed a self-administered survey to gather acculturation, self-reported dental experiences and self-care practices (eg brushing, flossing, pain, bleeding gums), and socio-demographic information...
April 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Brandon Chalazan, Denise Mol, Arvind Sridhar, Zain Alzahrani, Sara D Darbar, Aylin Ornelas-Loredo, Abdullah Farooqui, Maria Argos, Martha L Daviglus, Sreenivas Konda, Jalees Rehman, Dawood Darbar
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac rhythm disorder worldwide but the underlying genetic and molecular mechanisms and the response to therapies is not fully understood. Despite a greater burden of AF risk factors in Hispanics/Latinos the prevalence of AF remains low. Over the last decade, genome-wide association studies have identified numerous AF susceptibility loci in mostly whites of European descent. The goal of this study was to determine if the top 9 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with AF in patients of European descent also increase susceptibility to AF in Hispanics/Latinos...
2018: PloS One
Steven Vannoy, Mijung Park, Meredith R Maroney, Jürgen Unützer, Ester Carolina Apesoa-Varano, Ladson Hinton
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates in older men are higher than in the general population, yet their utilization of mental health services is lower. AIMS: This study aimed to describe: (a) what primary care providers (PCPs) can do to prevent late-life suicide, and (b) older men's attitudes toward discussing suicide with a PCP. METHOD: Thematic analysis of interviews focused on depression and suicide with 77 depressed, low-socioeconomic status, older men of Mexican origin, or US-born non-Hispanic whites recruited from primary care...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Gordon P Watt, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Mohammad H Rahbar, Joseph B McCormick, Miryoung Lee, Audrey C Choh, Sadagopan Thanikachalam, Mohan Thanikachalam
Objective: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes varies by region and ancestry. However, most guidelines for the prevention of diabetes mellitus (DM) are based on European or non-Hispanic white populations. Two ethnic minority populations-Mexican Americans (MAs) in Texas, USA, and South Indians (SIs) in Tamil Nadu, India-have an increasing prevalence of DM. We aimed to understand the metabolic correlates of DM in these populations to improve risk stratification and DM prevention. Research design and methods: The Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC; n=3023) served as the MA sample, and the Population Study of Urban, Rural, and Semi-Urban Regions for the Detection of Endovascular Disease (PURSE; n=8080) served as the SI sample...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Joshua R Hirsch, George Waits, Yabing Li, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: Heart age is an estimate of the age of a person's cardiovascular system given their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. The difference between a person's chronological age and heart age (excess heart age) represents their added CVD risk. OBJECTIVE: To examine racial differences in excess heart age and whether race impacts the association between excess heart age and CVD mortality. METHODS: This analysis included 5110 participants (2449 non-Hispanic white, 1287 non-Hispanic black, and 1374 Mexican-American) from the NHANES III who were free of CVD...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Tali Elfassy, Allison E Aiello, Neil Schneiderman, Mary N Haan, Wassim Tarraf, Hector M González, Marc Gellman, Hermes J Florez, Jose A Luchsinger, Clinton B Wright, Ellen Grober, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between diabetes and cognitive function within U.S. Hispanics/Latinos of Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and South American background. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 9,609 men and women (mean age = 56.5 years), who are members of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. We classified participants as having diabetes, prediabetes, or normal glucose regulation. Participants underwent a neurocognitive battery consisting of tests of verbal fluency, delayed recall, and processing speed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Cha-Nam Shin, Elizabeth Reifsnider, Darya McClain, Mihyun Jeong, David P McCormick, Michael Moramarco
BACKGROUND: Most Hispanic infants are fed formula during the first 6 weeks, and although 80% of Hispanic women initiate breastfeeding, rates of exclusive breastfeeding are much lower. Research aim: The purpose was to examine the influence of acculturation and cultural values on the breastfeeding practices of pregnant women of Mexican descent participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children who were enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial that aimed to reduce child obesity...
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
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