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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131132/points-of-concern-in-post-acute-kidney-injury-management
#1
Jill Vanmassenhove, Raymond Vanholder, Norbert Lameire
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) will in the future remain high, partly due to an increase in comorbidities and other AKI favoring factors such as the rise in high-risk diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. AKI has emerged as a major public health concern with high human and financial costs. It has recently been demonstrated that patients surviving an AKI episode show increased all-cause mortality, chronic kidney disease (CKD), ESRD, cardiovascular events, and reduced quality of life. Although it is important to acknowledge that, after an AKI episode, the risk of dying by far exceeds the risk of developing incident or progressive CKD and/or entering a maintenance renal replacement therapy (RRT) program, currently only a minority of patients are referred for renal follow-up, even after AKI-requiring RRT...
November 2, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124665/evaluation-of-definite-anaphylaxis-drug-allergy-alert-overrides-in-inpatient-and-outpatient-settings
#2
Adrian Wong, Diane L Seger, Sarah P Slight, Mary G Amato, Patrick E Beeler, Julie M Fiskio, David W Bates
INTRODUCTION: Drug-allergy interaction (DAI) alerts are generated when a known adverse sensitivity-inducing substance is prescribed. A recent study at our institution showed that providers overrode most DAI alerts, including those that warned against potentially life-threatening 'anaphylaxis'. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the rate of anaphylaxis overrides, the reasons for these overrides, whether the overrides were appropriate, and if harm occurred from overrides...
November 9, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123600/activities-performed-by-pharmacists-integrated-in-family-health-teams-results-from-a-web-based-survey
#3
Ulrika Gillespie, Lisa Dolovich, Simone Dahrouge
Objectives: Family health teams (FHTs), an interprofessional primary care practice model, were established in Ontario in 2005. As of October 2014, 191 FHT organizations were in operation, and 111 (58%) included one or several pharmacists. The objective of this study was to document the focus of pharmacist activities in FHTs. Approach: We invited all 155 known FHT pharmacists to a web-based survey. The survey was constructed using information obtained from previously done semi-structured telephone interviews with pharmacists working in FHTs...
November 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121197/higher-accuracy-of-complex-medication-reconciliation-through-improved-design-of-electronic-tools
#4
Jan Horsky, Elizabeth A Drucker, Harley Z Ramelson
Objective: Investigate the accuracy of 2 different medication reconciliation tools integrated into electronic health record systems (EHRs) using a cognitively demanding scenario and complex medication history. Materials and Methods: Seventeen physicians reconciled medication lists for a polypharmacy patient using 2 EHRs in a simulation study. The lists contained 3 types of discrepancy and were transmitted between the systems via a Continuity of Care Document. Participants updated each EHR and their interactions were recorded and analyzed for the number and type of errors...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120529/user-experience-and-care-for-older-people-transitioning-from-hospital-to-home-patients-and-carers-perspectives
#5
Jacqueline Allen, Alison M Hutchinson, Rhonda Brown, Patricia M Livingston
BACKGROUND: Transitioning from hospital to home is challenging for many older people living with chronic health conditions. Transitional care facilitates safe and timely transfer of patients between levels of care and across care settings and includes communication between practitioners, assessment and planning, preparation, medication reconciliation, follow-up care and self-management education. To date, there is limited understanding of how to actively involve care recipient service users in transitional care...
November 9, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118037/nursing-home-evacuation-turns-medication-reconciliation-into-emergency
#6
Cheryl A Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111835/improving-outcomes-in-adults-with-diabetes-through-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-program
#7
Jean Nagelkerk, Margaret E Thompson, Michael Bouthillier, Amy Tompkins, Lawrence J Baer, Jeff Trytko, Andrew Booth, Adam Stevens, Kayleah Groeneveld
In 2014, the Midwest Interprofessional Practice, Education and Research Center partnered with a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) to implement an interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) education program to improve the health of adult patients with diabetes and to improve practice efficiency. This partnership included integrating an interprofessional team of students with the practice team. Twenty-five students and 20 staff engaged in the IPCP program, which included completion of educational modules on IPCP and implementation of daily huddles, focus patient visits, phone calls, team-based case presentations, medication reconciliation, and student-led group diabetes education classes...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105575/pharmacy-students-and-pharmacy-technicians-in-medication-reconciliation-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#8
Heather M Champion, Julia A Loosen, Korey A Kennelty
OBJECTIVE: A literature review was conducted to examine how pharmacy students and technicians have been utilized in medication reconciliation processes in an effort to evaluate expanded roles for pharmacy students and technicians. Data were summarized on accuracy of obtaining medication histories, time requirements, discrepancy identification, and cost savings. Limitations and areas for future research also were identified. DATA SOURCES: A search of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycINFO and a manual searching of bibliographies were performed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103240/the-need-for-medication-reconciliation-increases-with-age
#9
Rima Rappaport, Zeev Arinzon, Jacob Feldman, Shiloh Lotan, Rachel Heffez-Aizenfeld, Yitshal Berner
BACKGROUND: Medication reconciliation (MR) at hospital admission, transfer, and discharge has been designated as a required hospital practice to reduce adverse drug events. OBJECTIVES: To perform MR among elderly patients admitted to the hospital and to determine factors that influence differences between the various lists of prescribed drugs as well as their actual consumption. METHODS: We studied patients aged 65 years and older who had been admitted to the hospital and were taking at least one prescription drug...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102998/development-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-model-within-an-australian-home-nursing-service-using-co-creation-and-participatory-action-research-the-visiting-pharmacist-vip-study
#10
Rohan A Elliott, Cik Yin Lee, Christine Beanland, Dianne P Goeman, Neil Petrie, Barbara Petrie, Felicity Vise, June Gray
OBJECTIVE: To develop a collaborative, person-centred model of clinical pharmacy support for community nurses and their medication management clients. DESIGN: Co-creation and participatory action research, based on reflection, data collection, interaction and feedback from participants and other stakeholders. SETTING: A large, non-profit home nursing service in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Older people referred to the home nursing service for medication management, their carers, community nurses, general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists, a multidisciplinary stakeholder reference group (including consumer representation) and the project team...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081237/universal-classifications-national-approaches-and-specific-situations-a-comparative-study-on-the-conceptualization-of-nodding-syndrome-in-uganda-and-tanzania
#11
Karin van Bemmel, Kim van der Weegen
This paper presents a comparative study on conceptualizations of the poorly understood nodding syndrome (NS) in Uganda and Tanzania. NS has been constructed as a biomedical category to serve global health discourse as well as national contexts of managing the condition. The paper looks into the shifting meanings and conceptualizations of NS in the affected areas of Kitgum (UG) and Mahenge (TZ) district. The perceived universality of biomedical classifications is problematized as conflicting with the specific contexts of lucluc and kifafa cha kusinzia...
October 30, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078707/continuous-care-provided-through-comprehensive-medication-management-in-an-acute-care-practice-model
#12
T David Marr, Nicole R Pinelli, Jamie A Jarmul, Kayla M Waldron, Stephen F Eckel, Jonathan D Cicci, Jill S Bates, Lindsey B Amerine
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy practice models that foster pharmacists' accountability for medication-related outcomes are imperative for the profession. Comprehensive medication management (CMM) is an opportunity to advance patient care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a CMM practice model in the acute care setting on organizational, patient, and financial outcomes. METHODS: Three adult service lines focused on at-risk patients identified using internal risk stratification methodology were implemented...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069119/do-combined-pharmacist-and-prescriber-efforts-on-medication-reconciliation-reduce-postdischarge-patient-emergency-department-visits-and-hospital-readmissions
#13
Michelle Baker, Chaim M Bell, Wei Xiong, Edward Etchells, Peter G Rossos, Kaveh G Shojania, Kelly Lane, Tim Tripp, Mary Lam, Kimindra Tiwana, Derek Leong, Gary Wong, Jin-Hyeun Huh Huh, Emily Musing, Olavo Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Although medication reconciliation (Med Rec) has demonstrated a reduction in potential adverse drug events, its effect on hospital readmissions remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an interprofessional Med Rec bundle from admission to discharge on patient emergency department visits and hospital readmissions (hospital visits). METHODS: The design was a retrospective, cohort study. Patients discharged from general internal medicine over a 57-month interval were identified through administrative databases...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069115/the-enhanced-care-program-impact-of-a-care-transition-program-on-30-day-hospital-readmissions-for-patients-discharged-from-an-acute-care-facility-to-skilled-nursing-facilities
#14
Bradley T Rosen, Ronald J Halbert, Kelley Hart, Marcio A Diniz, Sharon Isonaka, Jeanne T Black
BACKGROUND: Increased acuity of skilled nursing facility (SNF) patients challenges the current system of care for these patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact on 30-day readmissions of a program designed to enhance the care of patients discharged from an acute care facility to SNFs. DESIGN: An observational, retrospective cohort analysis of 30-day hospital readmissions for patients discharged to 8 SNFs between January 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060445/reconciliation-of-snomed-ct-and-domain-clinical-model-for-interoperable-medical-knowledge-creation
#15
Taqdir Ali, Sungyoung Lee
Use of heterogeneous data models in hospital information systems (HIS), obstructs the integration of clinical decision support system (CDSS) with clinical workflows. The diverse concepts diminish the interoperability level among the CDSS knowledge bases and data models of HIS. Standard terminology utilization in knowledge acquisition and its reconciliation with HIS data models are the candidate solution to overcome the interoperability barrier. We propose a reconciliation model to map concepts of diverse domain clinical models (DCM) with the standard terminology...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054693/project-octo-pills-a-practice-model-engaging-community-pharmacists-in-the-care-of-patients-from-a-tertiary-hospital
#16
Kheng Yong Ong, Wing Lam Chung, Kaysar Mamun, Li Li Chen
Even while pharmacy practice evolves to a more patient-centric mode of practice, local hospitals, due to high patient load as well as space and resource constraints, find it challenging to conduct thorough medication review and physical medication reconciliation for all patients. In light of this, optimizing the local current healthcare system to involve community pharmacists in the care of patients from public hospitals could potentially better cater to the healthcare needs of the older population. Due to easy accessibility, community pharmacies are often the first point of contact in the healthcare system...
October 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052704/patients-experiences-with-communication-and-resolution-programs-after-medical-injury
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jennifer Moore, Marie Bismark, Michelle M Mello
Importance: Dissatisfaction with medical malpractice litigation has stimulated interest by health care organizations in developing alternatives to meet patients' needs after medical injury. In communication-and-resolution programs (CRPs), hospitals and liability insurers communicate with patients about adverse events, use investigation findings to improve patient safety, and offer compensation when substandard care caused harm. Despite increasing interest in this approach, little is known about patients' and family members' experiences with CRPs...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052117/clinical-impact-of-an-interdisciplinary-patient-safety-program-for-managing-drug-related-problems-in-a-long-term-care-hospital
#18
Oreto Ruiz-Millo, Mónica Climente-Martí, Ana María Galbis-Bernácer, José Ramón Navarro-Sanz
Background Medication reviews intended to identify drug-related problems (DRPs) have been researched in primary care, acute care and nursing homes rather than in long-term care hospitals (LTCHs). Objectives To assess the clinical impact of an interdisciplinary pharmacotherapy quality improvement and patient safety program in elderly patients with polypharmacy admitted to an LTCH. Setting An interventional, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in a Spanish LTCH Method A total of 162 elderly (≥ 70 years) patients with polypharmacy (≥ 5 medications) were included...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049325/effect-of-therapeutic-interchange-on-medication-reconciliation-during-hospitalization-and-upon-discharge-in-a-geriatric-population
#19
Jessica S Wang, Robert L Fogerty, Leora I Horwitz
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic interchange of a same class medication for an outpatient medication is a widespread practice during hospitalization in response to limited hospital formularies. However, therapeutic interchange may increase risk of medication errors. The objective was to characterize the prevalence and safety of therapeutic interchange. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Secondary analysis of a transitions of care study. We included patients over age 64 admitted to a tertiary care hospital between 2009-2010 with heart failure, pneumonia, or acute coronary syndrome who were taking a medication in any of six commonly-interchanged classes on admission: proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine H2-receptor antagonists (H2 blockers), hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors (statins), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048753/medication-errors-at-hospital-admission-and-discharge-in-type-1-and-2-diabetes
#20
C Breuker, V Macioce, T Mura, Y Audurier, C Boegner, A Jalabert, M Villiet, A Castet-Nicolas, A Avignon, A Sultan
AIMS: To assess the prevalence and characteristics of medication errors at hospital admission and discharge in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, and identify potential risk factors for these errors. METHODS: This prospective observational study included all people with Type 1 (n = 163) and Type 2 diabetes (n = 508) admitted to the Diabetology-Department of the University Hospital of Montpellier, France, between 2013 and 2015. Pharmacists conducted medication reconciliation within 24 h of admission and at hospital discharge...
October 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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