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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729792/evaluation-of-accuracy-of-shade-selection-using-two-spectrophotometer-systems-vita-easyshade-and-degudent-shadepilot
#1
Mohammad Hassan Kalantari, Seyed Ahmad Ghoraishian, Mina Mohaghegh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the accuracy of shade matching using two spectrophotometric devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients who require a full coverage restoration for one of their maxillary central incisors were selected while the adjacent central incisor was intact. 3 same frameworks were constructed for each tooth using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology. Shade matching was performed using Vita Easyshade spectrophotometer, Shadepilot spectrophotometer, and Vitapan classical shade guide for the first, second, and third crown subsequently...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727466/ceramic-veneers-with-gingiva-shaded-porcelain-to-replace-lost-interdental-papillae-a-case-report
#2
Stephen J Chu, Adam J Mieleszko
With implant-supported reconstructions, gingiva-shaded pink-colored restorative materials serve as an option for replacing both hard and soft tissues cosmetically. This article presents a case report describing restorative treatment for a patient who requested individual crowns and veneers after she had had multiple surgical interventions to replace a failing implant tooth No. 9. In addition to replacement of the implant prosthesis, this case involved restorative papillae reconstruction that was performed to treat interdental recession that had occurred after the surgeries...
July 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725128/quality-of-communication-between-dentists-and-dental-laboratory-technicians-for-fixed-prosthodontics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#3
Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician's perspective...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708920/complications-and-clinical-considerations-of-the-implant-retained-zirconia-complete-arch-prosthesis-with-various-opposing-dentitions
#4
Jorge Gonzalez, Robert G Triplett
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of the implant-retained zirconia complete-arch prosthesis with various opposing dentitions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 40 patients included in this retrospective case series study were treated with one or two implant-retained zirconia complete-arch prostheses (ZIRCAP) using the Zirkonzahn protocol. Prettau zirconia frames were created with strategic cutbacks in the structure to extend zirconia incisal coverage of the esthetic anterior sextants and complete monolithic zirconia in the molar areas; subsequent layers of porcelain were applied to nonfunctional and esthetic areas...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708461/effects-of-four-different-crown-materials-on-the-peri-implant-clinical-parameters-and-composition-of-peri-implant-crevicular-fluid
#5
Shu-Juan Yu, Wen-Ling Shan, Yu-Xiao Liu, Xiao-Yan Huang, Guo-Xiong Zhu
This study aimed to identify the preferred crown material by measuring the peri-implant clinical parameters and the concentrations of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and calcium in peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) with four different crown materials. A total of 196 patients with a single missing posterior tooth received crown restoration with cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) (n=50), aurum platinum (Au-Pt) PFM (n=48), titanium (Ti) PFM (n=52), or zirconia (Zi) all-ceramic crown (n=46)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706791/a-novel-approach-for-restoration-of-hemisected-mandibular-first-molar-with-immediately-loaded-single-piece-bcs-implant-a-case-report
#6
Mahender Singh, Ranmeet Batra, Debdutta Das, Shweta Verma, Munish Goel
Mandibular first molars are the major standpoint for occlusion, and also have a wide peri-cemental area. Under specific conditions, hemisection of the tooth is indicated after an endodontic treatment. The following case report presents the hemisection of grossly carious, endodontically treated mandibular first molar, in a 23 year old female, followed by replacement of the mesial root with a single piece immediate loaded BCS (Bi-Cortical Screw) implant and a single unit porcelain fused to metal crown for the prosthetic rehabilitation of the remaining tooth structure, with the BCS implant providing strength and support to the weakened tooth structure...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706405/vulvar-lichen-sclerosus-et-atrophicus
#7
REVIEW
Pragya Ashok Nair
Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis characterized by ivory-white plaques or patches with glistening surface commonly affecting the vulva and anus. Common symptoms are irritation, soreness, dyspareunia, dysuria, and urinary or fecal incontinence. Anogenital lichen sclerosus (LS) is characterized by porcelain-white atrophic plaques, which may become confluent extending around the vulval and perianal skin in a figure of eight configuration. Thinning and shrinkage of the genital area make coitus, urination, and defecation painful...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703151/predictability-of-resin-bonded-bridges-a-systematic-review
#8
G R Balasubramaniam
Objective The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the survival rate of resin bonded bridges (RBBs) and understand the relationship between various prognostic factors and survival rate.Methods An electronic medline and hand search were carried out to identify prospective studies on RBBs. Critical appraisal of the studies was done and data was extracted from selected studies. Survival rate was estimated with random effect Poissons regression using R software. Influence of location and luting cements was estimated using odds ratio and forest plots using CMA software...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698944/petra-msvat-space-and-semac-sequences-for-metal-artefact-reduction-in-dental-mr-imaging
#9
Tim Hilgenfeld, Marcel Prager, Alexander Heil, Franz Sebastian Schwindling, Mathias Nittka, David Grodzki, Peter Rammelsberg, Martin Bendszus, Sabine Heiland
OBJECTIVES: Dental MRI is often impaired by artefacts due to metallic dental materials. Several sequences were developed to reduce susceptibility artefacts. Here, we evaluated a set of sequences for artefact reduction for dental MRI for the first time. METHODS: Artefact volume, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and image quality were assessed on a 3-T MRI for pointwise encoding time reduction with radial acquisition (PETRA), multiple-slab acquisition with view angle tilting gradient, based on a sampling perfection with application-optimised contrasts using different flip angle evolution (SPACE) sequence (MSVAT-SPACE), slice-encoding for metal-artefact correction (SEMAC) and compared to a standard SPACE and a standard turbo-spin-echo (TSE) sequence...
July 11, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689903/survival-of-2039-complete-arch-fixed-implant-supported-zirconia-prostheses-a-retrospective-study
#10
Avinash S Bidra, Michael Tischler, Claudia Patch
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Presently, data for the survival of 1-piece complete arch fixed implant-supported zirconia prostheses are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the survival outcomes of 1-piece complete arch fixed implant-supported zirconia prostheses fabricated by a single dental laboratory supporting several clinicians. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Outcome data were collected over a 5-year period from a large commercial dental laboratory that fabricated 2039 1-piece complete arch fixed implant-supported monolithic zirconia prostheses...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689902/effect-of-layered-manufacturing-techniques-alloy-powders-and-layer-thickness-on-metal-ceramic-bond-strength
#11
Orhun Ekren, Ahmet Ozkomur, Yurdanur Ucar
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) and direct metal laser melting (DMLM) have become popular for fabricating the metal frameworks of metal-ceramic restorations. How the type of layered manufacturing device, layer thickness, and alloy powder may affect the bond strength of ceramic to metal substructure is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the bond strength of dental porcelain to metal frameworks fabricated using different layered manufacturing techniques (DMLS and DMLM), Co-Cr alloy powders, and layer thicknesses and to evaluate whether a correlation exists between the bond strength and the number of ceramic remnants on the metal surface...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688487/development-of-an-expert-system-for-the-simulation-model-for-casting-metal-substructure-of-a-metal-ceramic-crown-design
#12
Ivan Matin, Miodrag Hadzistevic, Djordje Vukelic, Michal Potran, Tomaz Brajlih
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, the integrated CAD/CAE systems are favored solutions for the design of simulation models for casting metal substructures of metal-ceramic crowns. The worldwide authors have used different approaches to solve the problems using an expert system. Despite substantial research progress in the design of experts systems for the simulation model design and manufacturing have insufficiently considered the specifics of casting in dentistry, especially the need for further CAD, RE, CAE for the estimation of casting parameters and the control of the casting machine...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682548/-polishing-performance-of-different-polishing-tools-for-cerec-blocs-ceramic
#13
Wang Tao, Guo Zhenwei, Guo Huijing, Qiao Xianghe
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the polishing performance of five different glass-ceramic polishing tools on CEREC Blocs ceramic and provide evidence for clinical polishing tool selection. METHODS: Sixty ceramic specimens were prepared and divided into six groups (n=10). These specimens received different surface treatments, including glazing (group G), polishing with Shofu polishing set, that is, Porcelain Adjustment Kit+CeraMaster (group SF), 3M Sof-LexTM Discs (group 3M), TobooM polishing set (group Tob), EVE DIAPRO system (group EVE), and Ivoclar Vivadent OptraFine® system (group Ivo)...
April 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675043/effect-of-round-curvature-of-anterior-implant-supported-zirconia-frameworks-finite-element-analysis-and-in-vitro-study-using-digital-image-correlation
#14
Ana Messias, Maria Augusta Neto, Ana Martins Amaro, Pedro Nicolau, Luis Manuel Roseiro
Two groups of 4-unit zirconia frameworks were produced by CAD/CAM to simulate the restoration of an anterior edentulous gap supported by 2 implant-abutment assemblies. Group 1 comprised straight configuration frameworks and group 2 consisted of arched frameworks. Specimens were made with the same connector cross-section area and were cemented and submitted to static loads. Displacements were captured with two high-speed photographic cameras and analysed with video correlation system. Frameworks and the implant-abutment assembly were scanned and converted to 3DCAD objects by reverse engineering process...
July 4, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675013/-comparison-among-three-translucency-parameters
#15
Xiong Fang, Xia Hui
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the three commonly used translucency parameters in prosthodontics: transmittance (T), contrast ratio (CR), and translucency parameter (TP). METHODS: Six platelet specimens were composed of Vita enamel and dental porcelain. The initial thickness was 1.2 mm. The specimens were gradually ground to 1.0, 0.8, 0.6, 0.4, and 0.2 mm. T, color parameters, and reflection were measured by a spectrocolorimeter for each corresponding thickness...
June 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653048/porcelain-veneer-post-bonding-crack-repair-by-resin-infiltration
#16
Marco Gresnigt, Michel Magne, Pascal Magne
Ceramic laminate veneer restorations are indicated in several clinical situations. Indirect restorations are usually chosen if the less-invasive options - bleaching, resin infiltration, or composite resin restorations - are not possible, or when it is too difficult to achieve an esthetically pleasing result in the long term. Bonded indirect partial restorations are highly dependent on their adhesive interface, as these thin restorations have a relatively low cohesive strength. Therefore, preservation of sound enamel, conditioning of the restorations and of the substrate, and luting procedures are of paramount importance for a successful outcome...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653047/noninvasive-bilaminar-cad-cam-composite-resin-veneers-%C3%A2-a-semi-in-direct-approach
#17
Pascal Magne
Direct composite resin restorations have been recognized for their valuable clinical service and respect of intact hard tissue. The cost-effectiveness and inherent minimally invasive approach of resin-based materials means that they are also gaining popularity for use in computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) procedures. Several cases from the student clinics at the Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC are presented that could have been resolved either with direct composite resin restorations or with indirect porcelain veneers...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645666/color-masking-measurement-for-ceramic-coating-of-titanium-used-for-dental-implants
#18
Khaldoun Ajlouni, Waleed Elshahawy, Raed Ajlouni, Abdelfattah Sadakah
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Poor implant placement or thin gingival tissue and progressive bone resorption may lead to the dark metal color showing through the peri-implant soft tissue. Whether the dark color can be adequately masked is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to test the color masking effect of porcelain applied on titanium used in fabricating the polished collar of tissue level implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Type 4 commercially pure titanium disks and 5 porcelain dentin shades (A2, A3, B2, C2, and D3) were used...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645663/failure-torque-of-ceramic-neck-titanium-implant
#19
Waleed Elshahawy, Raed Ajlouni, Khaldoun Ajlouni, Abdelfattah Sadakah
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental implants are typically made of titanium. However, with the current systems on the market, the implant neck often shows through the gingival tissues as a black or dark gray line and/or as a grayish discoloration of the peri-implant soft tissue. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to test a new implant design. The key component of this design is the ceramic shell that covers the polished collar of the tissue-level titanium implant and masks its dark color to mimic natural dentition...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642930/a-novel-etching-technique-for-surface-treatment-of-zirconia-ceramics-to-improve-adhesion-of-resin-based-luting-cements
#20
Eystein Ivar Ruyter, Nalini Vajeeston, Torbjørn Knarvang, Ketil Kvam
Objectives: Bonding of zirconia crowns and bridges to abutments is important, not only bonding of the thin resin layer to the abutment, but also bonding to the zirconia ceramic is crucial. Both mechanical and chemical adhesion are desired. Mechanical retention of dental porcelain achieved by etching with moderately concentrated hydrofluoric acid is not possible with zirconia ceramics. The purpose of this study was to show that etching is possible with relative low melting fluoride compounds such as ammonium hydrogen difluoride and potassium hydrogen difluoride...
January 2017: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
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