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Beijing Xue, Wenhao Wang, Litong Guo, Xuanru Ren, Xueyu Tao, Yinghuai Qiang
The titanium opaque porcelain was synthesized through sol-gel using borate-silicate system. The porcelain was characterized by DSC-TG, X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms and scanning electron microscope tests. The results of DSC showed that the nitrates could be decomposed completely when the bioglass xerogel precursor was heat-treated at 760 ℃. The XRD results showed that the Na2 Ca3 Si6 O16 was the major phase of the opaque porcelain. The synthesized opaque porcelain powders had an average particle size of about 5-25 µm with nanopores of around 50-70 nm on the surface...
April 4, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Petrina Gerogianni, Wen Lien, Despoina Bompolaki, Ronald Verrett, Stephan Haney, Patrick Mattie, Russell Johnson
PURPOSE: This in vitro study evaluated the fracture resistance and clinical prognosis of anterior lithium disilicate crowns (e.max Press and e.max CAD), following endodontic access and repair. The research design simulates intraoral loading conditions to produce clinically applicable results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic anterior crowns, based on #8 anatomy, were fabricated from e.max Press ingots and e.max CAD blocks and adhesively bonded on identical dies milled out of a dentin analog material (NEMA G10)...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Libo Zhao, Jing Si, Yuan Wei, Sirui Li, Yanjiao Jiang, Rong Zhou, Bin Liu, Hong Zhang
AIMS: Porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns are a standard restoration technique in dentistry, but toxicity of PFM in vivo has not been systematically evaluated. The present study evaluated the effects of various metal alloy shells of PFM crowns on the development of zebrafish embryos and larvae in order to determine the safety of these materials. MAIN METHODS: Gold palladium (Au-Pd), silver palladium (Ag-Pd), Nickel chromium (Ni-Cr), cobalt chromium (Co-Cr), titanium (Ti) alloy porcelain crowns were immersed in artificial saliva for 1, 4, and 7 weeks, and the leach solution was collected and used to treat zebrafish embryos at 4-144 h PFM...
April 18, 2018: Life Sciences
Andrés R Pérez-Riera, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Mariana F Cabral de Oliveira, Rodrigo Daminello-Raimundo, Luiz C de Abreu, Kjell Nikus
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is indicated in severe symptomatic aortic stenosis, when there is intermediate-high surgical risk, or a condition considered inoperable, as in the case of "porcelain aorta" that could turn clamping or cannulation of the ascending aorta hazardous in open-heart surgery. Among the complications of this less invasive procedure, intraventricular conduction disorders subsequent to the procedure stand out. TAVI causes worsening of intraventricular dromotropic disorders in more than 75% of the cases, with the presence of preexisting right bundle branch block and first-degree atrioventricular block, deep prosthesis implant, male gender, size of the aortic annulus smaller than the prosthesis, and porcelain aorta being predictive of requirement for permanent pacemaker implant...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Satheesh B Haralur
Background: Porcelain laminate veneers (PLV) are continued to be popular in modern dental practice due to its high aesthetic outcome and conservative tooth preparation. The composite resins are commonly used as luting agents for cementation of PLV. Polymerisation shrinkage induced marginal gap and interfacial leakage is the persistent limitation with the resin luting cements. The objective of the study was to assess the effect of various dentin bonding techniques on the microleakage after accelerated ageing in porcelain laminate veneres...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Gabriela Franco Marques, Paulo Ricardo Criado, Thâmara Cristiane Alves Batista Morita, María Salomé Cajas García
Livedoid vasculopathy (LV) is a thrombotic skin disease characterized by episodic painful ulcerations of the distal aspects of the legs. Its healing process typically leaves small porcelain-white scars called atrophie blanche as a result of the occlusion of cutaneous microcirculation. The main goals of the treatment are pain management and the prevention of ulceration and of progressive scarring in the malleolar area. The therapeutic management is still a challenge, however, and most treatments were based on anecdotal off-label protocols...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Anna-Maija Matela, Jaana Hagström, Hellevi Ruokonen
OBJECTIVES: Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a rare, chronic mucocutaneous disease that most frequently affects the female genital area. Oral manifestations are seldom detected; only 36 well-documented and histopathologically verified oral LS cases have been published. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here we describe one patient affected by oral (LS) and review of the literature 1957-2017. RESULTS: Findings in our review suggest a female to male ratio of 1...
April 16, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Adem Ilkay Diken, Adnan Yalçınkaya, Sertan Özyalçın
Background: In procedures involving surgical maneuvers such as cannulation, clamping, or proximal anastomosis where aortic manipulation is inevitable, a preliminary assessment of atherosclerotic plaques bears clinical significance. In the present study, our aim was to evaluate the frequency and distribution of aortic calcifications in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery to propose a morphological classification system. Methods: A total of 443 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease were included in this study...
October 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Fabio Kricheldorf, Cleuber Rodrigo de Souza Bueno, Wilson da Silva Amaral, Joel Ferreira Santiago Junior, Hugo Nary Filho
Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the marginal adaptation of feldspathic porcelain crowns using two computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing systems, one of them is open and the other is closed. Materials and Methods: Twenty identical titanium abutments were divided into two groups: open system (OS), where ceramic crowns were created using varied equipment and software, and closed system (CS), where ceramic crowns were created using the CEREC system...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Fahad Bakitian, Przemek Seweryniak, Evaggelia Papia, Christel Larsson, Per Vult von Steyern
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe different designs of semimonolithic crowns made of translucent and high-translucent zirconia materials and to evaluate the effect on fracture resistance and fracture mode. Methods: One hundred crowns with different designs were produced and divided into five groups (n=20): monolithic (M), partially veneered monolithic (semimonolithic) with 0.3 mm buccal veneer (SM0.3), semimonolithic with 0.5 mm buccal veneer (SM0.5), semimonolithic with 0...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
Jeongho Kim, Sukirti Dhital, Paul Zhivago, Marina R Kaizer, Yu Zhang
The main problem of porcelain-veneered zirconia (PVZ) dental restorations is chipping and delamination of veneering porcelain owing to the development of deleterious residual stresses during the cooling phase of veneer firing. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effects of cooling rate, thermal contraction coefficient and elastic modulus on residual stresses developed in PVZ dental crowns using viscoelastic finite element methods (VFEM). A three-dimensional VFEM model has been developed to predict residual stresses in PVZ structures using ABAQUS finite element software and user subroutines...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Emilija Bajraktarova-Valjakova, Anita Grozdanov, Ljuben Guguvcevski, Vesna Korunoska-Stevkovska, Biljana Kapusevska, Nikola Gigovski, Aneta Mijoska, Cvetanka Bajraktarova-Misevska
AIM: The purpose of this review is to represent acids that can be used as surface etchant before adhesive luting of ceramic restorations, placement of orthodontic brackets or repair of chipped porcelain restorations. Chemical reactions, application protocol, and etching effect are presented as well. STUDY SELECTION: Available scientific articles published in PubMed and Scopus literature databases, scientific reports and manufacturers' instructions and product information from internet websites, written in English, using following search terms: "acid etching, ceramic surface treatment, hydrofluoric acid, acidulated phosphate fluoride, ammonium hydrogen bifluoride", have been reviewed...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Yung-Chieh Huang, Jiaan-Der Wang, Fang-Yi Lee, Lin-Shien Fu
Malignant atrophic papulosis (MAP), also known as Degos disease, is an extremely rare disease that is characterized by its unique skin presentation (namely, central, porcelain-white atrophic lesions with a telangiectatic rim). MAP has the following 2 variants: cutaneous MAP is manifested in the skin alone, whereas systemic MAP affects the gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, lungs, and other internal organs. Some patients who presented with only cutaneous symptoms at first may develop systemic symptoms several years later...
April 2018: Pediatrics
M Karcı, N Demir, M G Subaşı, M Gökkaya
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of a novel repair system, Nova Compo SF with Ceramic Repair, Ivoclar, to computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restorative materials (IPS e.max CAD and Empress CAD). Materials and Methods: The specimens of each CAD/CAM restorative material were randomly divided into two subgroups of nine specimens, using one of two repair systems. All specimens were etched with hydrofluoric acid and rinsed under a water spray for 10 s, then air-dried for 10 s...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Chengalvarayan Sasikala, N Gopi Chander
AIM: The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare the flexural strength of nano-reinforced zirconia feldspathic porcelain, lithium disilicate ceramics, and zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten bar-shaped specimens of computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) zirconia, reinforced feldspathic porcelain, and reinforced lithium disilicate were fabricated in accordance to International Organization for Standardization (ISO 6872; n = 10). Feldspathic porcelain and lithium disilicate ceramic specimens were reinforced with 5, 10, 15, and 20% of zirconia nanoparticles through a customized technique...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Fumihiko Watanabe, Munetsugu Seto, Kazuhiko Ueda, Makoto Ozawa
The torsional fracture strength at the interface between a base plate and veneering material was evaluated for three kinds of veneered restoration: porcelain fused to zirconia (PFZ), porcelain fused to metal (PFM), and composite resin veneered metal (CRVM). The metal and zirconia base plate (30×4×0.4 mm) were prepared and these plates were veneered as test specimens using each material to a total thickness of 1.2 mm. Torsional force was applied to each specimen using a rotational speed of 1.0 deg/min until the veneering material underwent fracture or exfoliation...
March 28, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Ali M Kökat, Ali R Erçöçen, Banu Karayazgan-Saraçoğlu
This clinical report presents the multidisciplinary treatment approach for a 23-year-old male patient who underwent a total mandibular reconstruction due to trauma in the past and experienced postoperative complications. For his retreatment, exposed fixation plate was removed and infected bone was debrided and then a free fibula graft augmentation with simultaneous implant placement procedure was performed. After an osseointegration period of 6 months, a screw-retained porcelain fused to metal fixed prosthesis was fabricated and delivered...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mitra Farzin, Rashin Giti, Amin Asalforush-Rezaiye
This study compared the effect of multiple firings on the shear bond strength (SBS) of porcelain to the new millable alloy (Ceramill Sintron) and a conventional casting alloy (4-all). Thirty-six cylindrical cores (6.8 × 9 mm) were made of millable and castable alloy through CAD/CAM and casting techniques, respectively ( n = 18). In the center of each bar, a 4 × 4 × 2-mm shot of porcelain was fused. Having divided each group into 3 subgroups based on the number of firing cycles (3, 5, 7), the specimens were fixed in a universal testing machine and underwent a shear force test (1...
March 22, 2018: Materials
Faten Limaiem, Asma Sassi, Ghofran Talbi, Saâdia Bouraoui, Sabeh Mzabi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Traditionally, a gallbladder removed for presumed benign disease is sent for histopathological examination, but this practice has been the subject of controversy. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of routine histopathological examination of cholecystectomy specimens and its impact on the management of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The histopathological reports of 1960 patients who underwent cholecystectomy from January 2011 to November 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Michael Tischler, Claudia Patch, Avinash S Bidra
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Limited data are available on the clinical outcomes of patients with edentulism treated with zirconia complete-arch fixed implant-supported prostheses (CAFIPs). PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to study the failure rate of dental implants as well as the fracture rate of zirconia CAFIPs. The secondary purpose was to study the survival outcomes of patients with edentulism treated with zirconia CAFIPs as well as the rate of technical complications...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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