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Amitoj S Mehta, Carla A Evans, Grace Viana, Ana Bedran-Russo, Maria Therese S Galang-Boquiren
This study evaluates tensile bond strength (TBS) of metal orthodontic attachments to sandblasted feldspathic porcelain and zirconia with various bonding protocols. Thirty-six (36) feldspathic and 36 zirconia disc samples were prepared, glazed, embedded in acrylic blocks and sandblasted, and divided into three groups according to one or more of the following treatments: hydrofluoric acid 4% (HF), Porcelain Conditioner silane primer, Reliance Assure® primer, Reliance Assure plus® primer, and Z Prime™ plus zirconia primer...
2016: BioMed Research International
Andreas Hellak, Jennifer Ebeling, Michael Schauseil, Steffen Stein, Matthias Roggendorf, Heike Korbmacher-Steiner
Objective. The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) score of two self-etching no-mix adhesives (iBond™ and Scotchbond™) on different prosthetic surfaces and enamel, in comparison with the commonly used total etch system Transbond XT™. Materials and Methods. A total of 270 surfaces (1 enamel and 8 restorative surfaces, n = 30) were randomly divided into three adhesive groups. In group 1 (control) brackets were bonded with Transbond XT primer...
2016: BioMed Research International
Abhishek Singh, Abhishek Nagpal, Salil Pawah, Chetan Pathak, Gaurav Issar, Pankaj Sharma
INTRODUCTION: In an attempt to minimize wear damage to the enamel of antagonist teeth, new low and medium fusing ceramic materials have been developed. Manufacturers usually claim that these ceramics are wear-friendly because of their lower hardness, lower concentrations of crystal phase, and smaller crystal sizes. This study aimed to quantitatively analyze the wear strength of various commercially available dental porcelain with tooth enamel as well as the surface hardness of these dental porcelain...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Márcia Borba, Maico D de Araújo, Karen A Fukushima, Humberto N Yoshimura, Jason A Griggs, Álvaro Della Bona, Paulo F Cesar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two aging methods (mechanical cycling and autoclave) on the mechanical behavior of veneer and framework ceramic specimens with different configurations (monolithic, two and three-layers). METHODS: Three ceramics used as framework for fixed dental prostheses (YZ-Vita In-Ceram YZ; IZ-Vita In-Ceram Zirconia; AL-Vita In-Ceram AL) and two veneering porcelains (VM7 and VM9) were studied. Bar-shaped specimens were produced in three different designs: monolithic, two layers (porcelain-framework) and three layers (porcelain-framework-porcelain)...
October 7, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Tim Hilgenfeld, Marcel Prager, Franz Sebastian Schwindling, Alexander Heil, Stefan Kuchenbecker, Peter Rammelsberg, Martin Bendszus, Sabine Heiland
PURPOSE: MRI allows radiation-free imaging of the head and neck area. However, implant-supported prostheses may severely impair image quality due to artefacts. Therefore, identification of preferable material compositions for implants and supported prostheses with little impact on MR image quality is mandatory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, one zirconia and four titanium dental implants were provided with different single crown materials: porcelain-fused-to-metal precious alloy (GP-T), porcelain-fused-to-metal non-precious alloy (CCT-T), porcelain-fused-to-zirconia (ZC-T) and monolithic zirconia (Z-T, Z-Z)...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
P D Meirelles, Y O Spigolon, M Borba, P Benetti
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the influence of the cooling protocol on the mechanical behavior of Y-TZP veneered with porcelain with different compositions. The tested hypotheses were: (1) Y-TZP infrastructures veneered with porcelain containing leucite in its composition presents higher flexural strength (σ) and reliability (m), and (2) slow cooling protocol results in greater σ and m. METHODS: A total of 120 bilayer porcelain-Y-TZP bar-shaped specimens were prepared with the dimensions of 1...
October 1, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Eduardo Anitua, Juan Saracho, Gabriela Zamora Almeida, Joquin Duran-Cantolla, Mohammad Alkhraisat
Sleep bruxism and higher clench index have been associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, there is no study that reports on the prosthetic complications in patients with OSA. Patients' records, who had performed a sleep study to diagnose OSA, were examined for the occurrence of prosthetic complications in implant-borne reconstructions. The primary outcome was the frequency of prosthetic complications. The secondary outcomes were anthropometric data, the type of the complication, type of the prosthesis, type of retention, number of supporting implants, number of prosthetic units, and the presence of obstructive sleep apnea...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Vinicius P Fardin, Vitor Guarconi de Paula, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Gerson Bonfante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fatigue life of zirconia-veneered and metal-ceramic crowns comprised by an even thickness or a modified framework design when loaded on marginal ridges. METHODS: Eighty marginal ridges were present after fabrication of forty molar crowns cemented onto composite-resin replicas and divided (n=20/each), in the following groups: metal-ceramic with even thickness (MCev) or with a modified framework design (MCm, lingual collar with proximal struts); porcelain-fused to zirconia with even thickness (PFZev) or with the modified framework design (PFZm)...
September 30, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Terence A Imbery, Nicholas Diaz, Kristy Greenfield, Charles Janus, Al M Best
Preclinical fixed prosthodontics is taught by Department of Prosthodontics faculty members at Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry; however, 86% of all clinical cases in academic year 2012 were staffed by faculty members from the Department of General Practice. The aims of this retrospective study were to quantify the quality of impressions, accuracy of laboratory work authorizations, and most common errors and to determine if there were differences between the rate of errors in cases supervised by the prosthodontists and the general dentists...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
James L Sheets, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Cortino Sukotjo, Alvin G Wee
The aim of this study was to determine the difference between the intended education by advanced education in prosthodontics (AEP) program directors and the perceived education received by AEP residents with respect to concepts of esthetic dentistry. Residents' confidence levels and current practices were also determined based on program level, with first- and second-year residents combined into "junior residents" and third- and fourth-year residents combined into "senior residents." Surveys were distributed to all U...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Sonia K Makhija, Nathaniel C Lawson, Gregg H Gilbert, Mark S Litaker, Jocelyn A McClelland, David R Louis, Valeria V Gordan, Daniel J Pihlstrom, Cyril Meyerowitz, Rahma Mungia, Michael S McCracken
OBJECTIVES: Dentists enrolled in the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network completed a study questionnaire about techniques and materials used for single-unit crowns and an enrollment questionnaire about dentist/practice characteristics. The objectives were to quantify dentists' material recommendations and test the hypothesis that dentist's and practice's characteristics are significantly associated with these recommendations. METHODS: Surveyed dentists responded to a contextual scenario asking what material they would use for a single-unit crown on an anterior and posterior tooth...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
C Moini, B Sidia, D Poindron, L Fiorina, A Farge, W Amara, M El Issa
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is nowadays a worldwide technique in the field of treating aortic stenosis. One of the main side effects linked to the technique are mostly attached to rhythm disturbances, such as atrioventricular (AV) and intraventricular blocks. Consequently, a pacemaker implantation is often required. That implantation rate is estimated between 8 and 30%, depending on the valve chosen. Thanks to main meta analysis on the subject, it has been managed to isolate the following risks factors for AV block development: preoperative right bundle branch block (RBBB: the most powerful element), complete AV block during the procedure, male gender, a so-called porcelain aorta, the absence of previous valvular surgery, the aortic annulus size (i...
September 29, 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Shannon M Hinsa-Leasure, Queenster Nartey, Justin Vaverka, Michael G Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of copper alloy surfaces to mitigate the bacterial burden associated with commonly touched surfaces in conjunction with daily and terminal cleaning in rural hospital settings. DESIGN: A prospective intention-to-treat trial design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of cooper alloy surfaces and respective controls to augment infection control practices under pragmatic conditions. SETTING: Half of the patient rooms in the medical-surgical suite in a 49-bed rural hospital were outfitted with copper alloy materials...
September 21, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Yu-Tao Jian, Tian-Yu Tang, Michael V Swain, Xiao-Dong Wang, Ke Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of core ceramic grinding on the fracture behaviour of bilayered zirconia under two loading schemes. METHODS: Interfacial surfaces of sandblasted zirconia disks (A) were ground with 80 (B), 120 (C) and 220 (D) grit diamond discs, respectively. Surface roughness and topographic analysis were performed using a confocal scanning laser microscope (CSLM) and a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Relative monoclinic content was evaluated using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) then reevaluated after simulated veneer firing...
September 29, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Liang Chen, Barry D Hammond, Gary Alex, Byoung In Suh
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Intraoral repair of porcelain or other silica-based ceramics typically requires the use of silane in the repair protocol. Some porcelain intraoral repairs also involve bonding to exposed or involved tooth tissues including dentin. A study is needed to evaluate whether the cross-contamination of dentin with silane affects bond strength to this tissue. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of silane cross-contamination on dentin bond strength...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Bangalore H Durgesh, Saleh Alhijji, Mohamed I Hashem, AbdulAziz A Al Kheraif, Pavithra Durgesh, Mohamed Elsharawy, Pekka K Vallittu
BACKGROUND: Adhesive resin composite, which is used to bond orthodontic bracket to tooth surface is exposed to the influence of wear by tooth brushing and wear may influence loosening of the bracket. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the effect of tooth brushing on the adhesion strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to surface treated porcelain. METHOD: A total of 90 glazed porcelain fused to metal facets (PFM) were randomly assigned into 3 groups according to the surface treatment to be received...
September 28, 2016: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Jae-Myung Shin, Chena Lee, Jo-Eun Kim, Kyung-Hoe Huh, Won-Jin Yi, Min-Suk Heo, Soon-Chul Choi, Sam-Sun Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate appropriate contrast reference values (CRVs) by comparing the contrast in phantom and clinical images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phantom contrast was measured using two methods: (1) counting the number of visible pits of different depths in an aluminum plate, and (2) obtaining the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) for 5 tissue-equivalent materials (porcelain, aluminum, polytetrafluoroethylene [PTFE], polyoxymethylene [POM], and polymethylmethacrylate [PMMA])...
September 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Kai Chun Li, LeYing Tran, David J Prior, J Neil Waddell, Michael V Swain
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to determine the hardness and adhesion strength at the porcelain to alloy interface. METHODS: 15 bi-layer porcelain veneered Co-Cr specimens of each alloy group [cast, powder metallurgy (PM), CAD/CAM(CC)] were manufactured. 12 bi-layered specimens were tested using four-point bend strain energy release rate adhesion test. One before and after porcelain firing specimen of each alloy group were nano-indented at the bulk and metal-porcelain interface to determine the mechanical properties...
September 23, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Anders Ekfeldt, Björn Fürst, Gunnar E Carlsson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical outcome of custom-made zirconia abutments for implant-supported single-tooth restorations 10-11 years after insertion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprises a clinical examination of 23 patients with 30 restorations placed 10-11 years ago. Oral surgeons placed the implants. The prosthodontic treatment was provided at a prosthodontic specialist clinic. The restoration was either an all-ceramic crown for cementation or a screw-retained one-piece restoration with the veneering porcelain baked directly to the zirconia abutment...
September 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Nancy Clelland, Jahanzeb Chaudhry, Robert G Rashid, Edwin McGlumphy
PURPOSE: To compare splinted and individual restorations supported by short implants featuring an internal connection utilizing a split-mouth design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Splinted and nonsplinted implant crowns were prospectively compared in 18 patients. After verifying the need for at least two consecutive implants bilaterally, computed tomography scans were made, virtual planning was done, and qualifying patients were enrolled. Implants were placed using a two-stage surgical approach...
September 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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