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Uncorrected refractive error

Sara Catalan-Lopez, Alba Mariña Portas-Ferradas, Luis Cadarso-Suarez, Adriana Rodriguez-Rodriguez
PURPOSE: To report the case of a residual refractive error after LASIK for moderate myopia successfully re-treated several years later using the small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) technique. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Following LASIK, the patient showed a central flap thickness of 269 microns, whereas residual stromal bed thickness under the flap was 210 microns. SMILE was performed within the flap. In this less invasive surgical procedure, the residual stromal bed is not manipulated and ablation is conducted on the existing flap...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Hassan Hashemi, Reza Ghaffari, Mohammad Miraftab, Soheila Asgari
PURPOSE: To compare 18-month outcomes between femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (femto-LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy with mitomycin-C (PRK-MMC) for myopia of more than 7.0 D in terms of visual acuity and quality. METHODS: In this comparative nonrandomized clinical trial, 60 eyes from 30 patients (30 eyes in each group) were enrolled. The two procedures were compared in terms of 18-month changes in uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), manifest refraction spherical equivalent, ocular and corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs), and contrast sensitivity (CS)...
October 3, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Sherif A Eissa
PURPOSE: To assess the outcomes of sulcus implantation of the Visian(®) implantable collamer lens (ICL) to correct pseudophakic myopic anisometropic amblyopia with myopic shift and/or primary refractive overcorrection. METHODS: Prospective case series enrolled 14 pseudophakic eyes of 14 patients, 5-9 years old, with history of cataract surgery and primary in the bag-intraocular lenses (IOL) implantation, followed by myopic shift and/or refractive overcorrection and anisometropic amblyopia of variable degrees...
September 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Karen Hendler, Shiva Mehravaran, Xiang Lu, Stuart I Brown, Bartly J Mondino, Anne L Coleman
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of full ophthalmic examination for preschool children in LA County who failed screening with the Retinomax Autorefractor. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Between August 2012 and May 2013, the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) preschool vision program screened 11,260 preschool children aged 3-5 years in Los Angeles County using the Retinomax Autorefractor only. Of those, 1007 children who failed the screening were examined by an ophthalmologist on the UCLA Mobile Eye Clinic...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Marcony R Santhiago, Bruna V Ventura, Ramon C Ghanem, Newton Kara-Junior, Haroldo V Moraes, Emir Ghanem
PURPOSE: To investigate potential differences in predictability, efficacy, and safety of corneal excimer laser to correct residual myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism in eyes previously implanted with multifocal intraocular lenses using distinct optical surfaces and platforms for multifocality. METHODS: This prospective comparative study included 37 eyes submitted to laser in situ keratomileusis correction for residual errors after implantation of either an apodized diffractive-refractive (Restor) or a full-diffractive (Tecnis) multifocal intraocular lens...
November 2016: Cornea
Xiao Zhang, Xiang-Chen Tao, Zhi-Wei Li, Wei-Yan Zhou, Ping Ma, Chun-Xiao Zhang, Yu-Meng Wang, Guo-Ying Mu
The present study reports the use of a phakic toric Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) that improved the refraction correction of high myopia and astigmatism in a case of keratectasia following corneal cross-linking. A 31-year-old male was diagnosed with keratectasia 12 years after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Following LASIK, the manifest refraction was -3.50-2.25×90 [0.1 logarithmic expression (LogMAR) best corrected visual acuity (BVCA)] in the right eye and -8.00-3.50×175 (0.3 LogMAR BCVA) in the left eye, with a LogMAR uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of 0...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Tommy C Y Chan, Marco C Y Yu, Alex Ng, Zheng Wang, George P M Cheng, Vishal Jhanji
We prospectively compared visual and refractive outcomes in patients with high myopia and myopic astigmatism after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and photorefractive keratetctomy (PRK) with mitomycin C. Sixty-six eyes of 33 patients (mean age, 29.7 ± 5.6 years) were included (SMILE: 34 eyes, PRK 32 eyes). Preoperatively, no significant difference was noted in manifest spherical equivalent (p = 0.326), manifest sphere (p = 0.277), and manifest cylinder (p = 0.625) between both groups...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ahmed Chebil, Lina Jedidi, Nibrass Chaker, Fedra Kort, Leila Largueche, Leila El Matri
BACKGROUND: Uncorrected refractive error has recently been identified as the leading cause of visual impairment in children worldwide. The prevalence of myopia is increasing. Determination of the epidemiology of myopia is important to develop screening strategy. PURPOSE: to estimate the prevalence and the degree of severity of myopia among primary schoolchildren in Tunisia and to assess its effect on school performance. METHODS: A random cluster design was used to recruit children from primary schools across urban and rural settings in Tunisia, during 2009 to 2012...
March 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Mathew Kurian Kummelil, Rohit Shetty, Luci Kaweri, Shama Shaligram, Mukesh Paryani
Purpose. To evaluate the outcomes of a management strategy in patients with irregular corneas and cataract. Methods. Six eyes of four patients presented for cataract surgery with irregular corneas following corneal refractive surgery. Topoguided ablation regularised the cornea, followed by phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. Zonal keratometric coefficient of variation (ZKCV) measured structural changes and visual quality metrics measured functional improvement. Results. The mean duration after corneal refractive surgery was 7...
2016: BioMed Research International
Marko Popovic, Xavier Campos-Möller, Matthew B Schlenker, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
TOPIC: To investigate the efficacy and safety of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) relative to manual cataract surgery (MCS). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: It is unclear whether FLACS is more efficacious and safe relative to MCS. METHODS: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus from 2007 to March 2016 was conducted. Studies containing both FLACS and MCS arms that reported on relevant efficacy and/or safety parameters were included...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
S H Chen, J Zhang, Y N Li, P Ding, Q M Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in the treatment of keratoconus. METHODS: Prospective study. Sixteen eyes of 16 patients with keratoconus underwent transepithelial CXL, and the fellow eyes were considered as the controls. The mean age was (22.4±6.5) years old. In the CXL group, topical anesthesia (0.1% tetracaine) was given for 15 minutes, and 0.5% riboflavin was applied until saturated in the anterior chamber...
July 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Ayşe Ebru Kilavuzoğlu, Tansu Gönen, Ali Rıza Cenk Çelebi, Cemile Banu Coşar Yurteri, Asım Bozkurt Şener
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to compare the results of WaveLight Allegretto Wave Eye-Q 400 Hz and Technolas 217z100 excimer lasers in the treatment of mixed astigmatism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients who underwent laser in situ keratomileusis for mixed astigmatism were included in this retrospective study. Twenty-eight eyes of 21 patients were treated with WaveLight and 46 eyes of 28 patients were treated with the Technolas excimer laser. The patients' visual acuities and refractive values were evaluated on postoperative day 1 and at 1 and 3 months...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Rong-Rong Zhu, Jian Shi, Mei Yang, Huai-Jin Guan
AIM: To survey the prevalence and causes of visual impairment/blindness among elderly Chinese from different socioeconomic status in community-based design. METHODS: Cluster-sampling randomly selected residents from Binhu and Funing District, two areas representing different socioeconomic levels in China with Binhu in an advanced status and Funing in less-developed area. The participants subjected to ophthalmic examination. The presenting visual acuity (PVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were recorded...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Luis Fernández-Vega Cueto, Carlos Lisa, Aranzazu Poo-López, David Madrid-Costa, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Jose F Alfonso
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy outcomes of implanting intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS) to correct paracentral keratoconus. METHODS: Four hundred nine eyes with paracentral keratoconus, in which the differences between the axes of refractive cylinder and the corneal flattest meridian and the comatic aberration map were less than 30 degrees, were evaluated before and after the implantation of Ferrara-type ICRS. Snellen uncorrected and best-corrected distance visual acuity, residual refractive errors analyzed with vector analysis, and the root mean square for corneal coma-like aberration for a pupil size of 4...
November 2016: Cornea
Eva K Fenwick, Peng Guan Ong, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Ching-Yu Cheng, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Y Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: Mobility limitations arising from vision impairment (VI) can result in loss of independence and reduced quality of life. However, few data are available on the association between VI and mobility limitations at a population-based level, particularly in Asian populations. Objective: To assess the association of VI and major eye diseases with mobility and independence (M&I) in a Chinese population. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Singapore Chinese Eye Study (February 9, 2009, to December 19, 2011) was a population-based, cross-sectional study of 3353 persons aged 40 to 80 years of Chinese ethnicity...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
J L Alió, A B Plaza-Puche, F Cavas, P Yébana Rubio, E Sala
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an angle-supported foldable phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) for the correction of moderate to high myopia after 5 years follow-up. METHODS: Prospective and retrospective, observational, longitudinal, non-randomised consecutive series of cases conducted on a total of 100 eyes of 67 patients with moderate to high myopia implanted with an Acrysof Cachet pIOL (Alcon Laboratories Inc.) with the aim of minimising the refractive error...
July 21, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Tamer H Massoud, Osama Ibrahim, Kitty Shehata, Moones F Abdalla
Purpose. To evaluate the visual and refractive outcomes after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for treating myopia and myopic astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Design. Case-series. Methods. Ten eyes of 10 patients with previous PKP and residual myopic astigmatism for whom pentacam imaging and thickness measurements were acceptable for laser vision correction. Manifest refraction (MR), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) were obtained preoperatively and one day, one week, and one, 3, and 6 months postoperatively...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Joaquín Fernández, Almudena Valero, Javier Martínez, David P Piñero, Manuel Rodríguez-Vallejo
PURPOSE: To determine the safety, efficacy, and predictability of small-incision lenticule extraction at 6-month follow-up, depending on the level of the myopic refractive error. The surgeries were performed by a surgeon new to this technique. METHODS: Seventy-one subjects with a mean age of 31.86 ± 5.57 years were included in this retrospective observational study. Subjects were divided into 3 groups depending on the preoperative spherical equivalent (SE): low group from -1...
July 18, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Sujata Guha, Sanil Shah, Khyati Shah, Preeti Hurakadli, Debalina Majee, Shyamali Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Correction of significant refractive errors in childhood helps in preventing amblyopia and strabismus. India has a huge demand for eye-care services related to uncorrected refractive errors with limited manpower resources. This can be overcome by autorefractors, which are free of operator bias, do not need skilled eye-care professionals and can be operated with ease. Hence, the purpose of this study, the first in the Indian population, was to determine the accuracy of autorefraction compared to traditional retinoscopy under cycloplegia...
July 17, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Hassan Hashemi, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Kamran Rahmatnejad, Fatemeh Alsadat Sabet
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) using the advanced personalized treatment (APT) nomogram for correction of moderate to high astigmatism. METHODS: This prospective interventional case series included 60 consecutive eyes of 30 patients undergoing wavefront-guided PRK (Zyoptix 217 Z100 excimer laser, Bausch & Lomb, Munich, Germany) using the APT nomogram and iris registration for myopic astigmatism. Mitomycin-C was applied intraoperatively in all eyes...
April 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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