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Esophageal cancer nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192107/gastrointestinal-complications-of-obesity
#1
Michael Camilleri, Harmeet Malhi, Andres Acosta
Obesity is usually associated with morbidity related to diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there are many gastrointestinal and hepatic diseases for which obesity is the direct cause [e.g. non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD)] or is a significant risk factor, such as reflux esophagitis and gallstones. When obesity is a risk factor, it may interact with other mechanisms and result in earlier presentation or complicated diseases. There are increased odds ratios or relative risks of several gastrointestinal complications of obesity: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), erosive esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma, erosive gastritis, gastric cancer, diarrhea, colonic diverticular disease, polyps, cancer, liver disease including NAFLD, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, gallstones, acute pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190657/cross-sectional-analysis-of-biobank-japan-clinical-data-a-large-cohort-of-200-000-patients-with-47-common-diseases
#2
Makoto Hirata, Yoichiro Kamatani, Akiko Nagai, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Akiko Tamakoshi, Zentaro Yamagata, Michiaki Kubo, Kaori Muto, Taisei Mushiroda, Yoshinori Murakami, Koichiro Yuji, Yoichi Furukawa, Hitoshi Zembutsu, Toshihiro Tanaka, Yozo Ohnishi, Yusuke Nakamura, Koichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: To implement personalized medicine, we established a large-scale patient cohort, BioBank Japan, in 2003. BioBank Japan contains DNA, serum, and clinical information derived from approximately 200,000 patients with 47 diseases. Serum and clinical information were collected annually until 2012. METHODS: We analyzed clinical information of participants at enrollment, including age, sex, body mass index, hypertension, and smoking and drinking status, across 47 diseases, and compared the results with the Japanese database on Patient Survey and National Health and Nutrition Survey...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156663/evaluation-of-combined-argon-plasma-coagulation-and-savary-bougienage-for-the-relief-of-dysphagia-of-esophageal-squamous-cancer-patients-in-the-end-of-life
#3
Caihong Dong, Tanyou Shan, Xiaozhi Yuan, Shuoguo Li, Xuezhen Ding, Shegan Gao
: 214 Background: To relieve the dysphagia is a critical treatment for advanced esophageal cancer patients' palliative care in their end-of-life. The ideal way is to satisfy both the patient's nutrition supplement and self-taste. Although several endoscopic dilation techniques have been reported, the high incidence of dysphagia quickly relapsing remains. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Argon Plasma Coagulation (APC) combined with Savary bougienage (SB) and SB alone for the relief of dysphagia of esophageal squamous cancer in the end-of-life...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152219/effect-of-prophylactic-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-on-swallowing-in-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Lars Axelsson, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Eva Hammerlid
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common in head and neck cancer. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to facilitate nutrition; however, some retrospective studies have indicated that the PEG tube causes dysphagia. METHODS: A randomized study of patients with head and neck cancer was conducted with up to 10 years of follow-up. Patients were randomized to either the prophylactic PEG tube group (study group) or the common clinical nutritional support group (control group)...
February 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138759/preoperative-controlling-nutritional-status-conut-is-useful-to-estimate-the-prognosis-after-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#5
Naoya Yoshida, Kazuto Harada, Yoshifumi Baba, Keisuke Kosumi, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Koichi Kinoshita, Kenichi Nakamura, Yasuo Sakamoto, Yuji Miyamoto, Ryuichi Karashima, Kosuke Mima, Hiroshi Sawayama, Mayuko Ohuchi, Akira Chikamoto, Yu Imamura, Masayuki Watanabe, Hideo Baba
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to confirm the predictive value of controlling nutritional status (CONUT), as a postoperative prognostic marker for esophageal cancer patients undergoing esophagectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 373 patients who underwent three-incision esophagectomy with 2- or 3-field lymphadenectomy for esophageal cancer between April 2005 and March 2016. The patients were divided into three groups based on the degree of preoperative malnutrition as assessed by CONUT: normal, light malnutrition, and moderate or severe malnutrition...
January 30, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138387/peripheral-vein-infusions-of-amino-acids-facilitate-recovery-after-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#6
Masafumi Konosu, Takeshi Iwaya, Yusuke Kimura, Yuji Akiyama, Yoshihiro Shioi, Fumitaka Endo, Hiroyuki Nitta, Koki Otsuka, Keisuke Koeda, Akira Sasaki
BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficacy of amino acid administration via peripheral veins in addition to conventional enteral feeding following esophagectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data pertaining to 33 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent radical esophagectomy and satisfied the required nutrition control. Patients were divided into the amino acid group (n = 17) and control group (n = 16). Primary outcomes were albumin (Alb) and prealbumin (PreAlb) levels, urinary 3-methylhistidine/creatinine (3-MeHis/Cre) ratios, nitrogen balance, and weight; postoperative complications were noted as secondary outcomes...
February 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133202/-cr-of-all-target-lesions-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-esophageal-cancer-and-generalized-weakness-treated-with-systemic-chemotherapy-after-nutritional-support
#7
Shigeru Fujisaki, Motoi Takashina, Ryouichi Tomita, Kenichi Sakurai, Tadatoshi Takayama
We report here a case of CR of all target lesions in a patient with esophageal cancer with multiple metastases treated with systemic chemotherapy after nutritionalsupport. A 75-year-old man was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of multiple- metastatic esophagealcancer in June 2014. He showed generalized weakness with poor dietary intake, and he was initially admitted for nutritional support by parenteral nutrition. Biopsy specimens revealed mixed squamous- and adenocarcinoma: MtLtUtAeG, 13 cm, type 2, cT3, IM1-St, cN3, cM1(liver, lungs, and stomach), cStage IV b esophagealcarcinoma...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130623/clinical-outcomes-and-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-double-flap-technique-for-early-gastric-cancer-in-the-upper-third-of-the-stomach
#8
Masaru Hayami, Naoki Hiki, Souya Nunobe, Shinji Mine, Manabu Ohashi, Koshi Kumagai, Satoshi Ida, Masayuki Watanabe, Takeshi Sano, Toshiharu Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: A novel double-flap esophagogastrostomy technique developed to prevent reflux after proximal gastrectomy was applied to laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG), and the clinical outcomes of this technique (LPG-DFT) were evaluated and compared to those of laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG). METHODS: This retrospective study of 90 patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) in the upper third of the stomach compared surgical outcomes, postoperative endoscopic findings, and nutritional status between two procedure groups, LPG-DFT (n = 43) and LTG (n = 47)...
January 27, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105355/evaluation-of-prognostic-markers-for-patients-with-curatively-resected-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#9
Masahide Ikeguchi, Yusuke Kouno, Kyoichi Kihara, Kazunori Suzuki, Kanenori Endo, Seiichi Nakamura, Takashi Sawada, Tetsu Shimizu, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Hiroaki Saito
The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are prognostic parameters for malignancies. Additionally, serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and cytokeratin 19 fragments (CYFRA 21-1) are tumor markers for squamous cell carcinoma. In the present study, the prognostic importance of these markers in patients with resectable thoracic esophageal cancer was investigated. In this retrospective study, 84 enrolled patients diagnosed with resectable clinical stage I-III thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) underwent thoracic esophageal resection and three-field lymph node dissection at Tottori University Hospital between January 2007 and December 2013...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077159/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-combined-with-enteral-nutrition-support-a-radical-treatment-strategy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-malignant-fistulae
#10
Li Ma, Guang-Yu Luo, Yu-Feng Ren, Bo Qiu, Hong Yang, Chun-Xia Xie, Song-Ran Liu, Shi-Liang Liu, Zhao-Lin Chen, Qun Li, Jian-Hua Fu, Meng-Zhong Liu, Yong-Hong Hu, Wen-Feng Ye, Hui Liu
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) significantly increases the survival rate of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients with malignant fistulae. Recent clinical evidence has shown the benefits of enteral nutrition for malnourished cancer patients. In this study, we aimed to validate that, with the support of enteral nutrition, ESCC patients who develop malignant fistulae might be able to complete CCRT and achieve long-term survival. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 652 patients with ESCC who received definitive CCRT at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and December 2012...
January 11, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049261/nutrition-assessment-and-its-relationship-with-performance-and-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-vietnamese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#11
Tran Chau Quyen, Jongjit Angkatavanich, Tran Van Thuan, Vo Van Xuan, Le Danh Tuyen, Do Anh Tu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the nutritional status of patients with esophageal cancer, and to investigate its relationship with performance status and prognosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This clinical, cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to February 2015 at National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Stage III/IV esophageal cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status (patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and SGA scores, BMI, mid-arm circumference (MAC), energy and protein intakes, weight changes, Karnofsky and Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scores (KPS/ECOG), and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049260/a-prospective-study-of-nutritional-supplementation-for-preventing-oral-mucositis-in-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#12
Takuya Okada, Yasuaki Nakajima, Tetsuro Nishikage, Tairo Ryotokuji, Yutaka Miyawaki, Akihiro Hoshino, Yutaka Tokairin, Kenro Kawada, Kagami Nagai, Tatsuyuki Kawano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients undergoing chemotherapy often develop distressing adverse effects such as oral mucositis and diarrhea. Nutritional support with elemental diet is effective against various gastrointestinal complications and may exert protective effects against adverse effects induced by chemotherapy. To evaluate the influence of elemental diet on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis and diarrhea, we conducted a randomized control trial in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing chemotherapy...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028281/-sequential-post-operative-nutrition-care-at-home-for-patients-receiving-surgical-treatment-for-esophageal-cancer
#13
Mio Matsuoka, Shohei Iijima
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: We evaluated the outcomes of sequential nutrition care provided at home to patients who had undergone surgery for esophageal cancer. For 44 such patients, we investigated caloric intake(kcal), percentage of preoperative body weight(%), and requests and complains related to home nutrition care every 3 months for 1 year after surgery. RESULTS: Duringthe observation period, the mean postoperative caloric intake decreased to a minimum level at 1 month, but nearly recovered to the baseline at 12 months...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024944/impact-of-sarcopenia-on-outcome-in-patients-with-esophageal-resection-following-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#14
M Paireder, R Asari, I Kristo, E Rieder, D Tamandl, A Ba-Ssalamah, S F Schoppmann
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status and body composition parameters such as sarcopenia are important risk factors for impaired outcome in patients with esophageal cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of sarcopenia on long-term outcome after esophageal resection following neoadjuvant treatment. METHODS: Skeletal muscle index (SMI) and body composition parameters were measured in patients receiving neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced esophageal cancer...
February 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007352/esophageal-cancer-in-high-risk-areas-of-china-research-progress-and-challenges
#15
REVIEW
Yingsong Lin, Yukari Totsuka, Baoen Shan, Chaochen Wang, Wenqiang Wei, Youlin Qiao, Shogo Kikuchi, Manami Inoue, Hideo Tanaka, Yutong He
PURPOSE: The extremely high incidence of esophageal cancer in certain rural areas of China has prompted significant intellectual curiosity and research efforts both in China and abroad. METHODS: We summarize the research progress over the past several decades in high-risk areas (Linxian, Cixian, Shexian, and Yanting) based on literature research and our field trip (2012-2013). RESULTS: Considerable progress in clarifying the environmental risk factors and pathogenesis of esophageal cancer in high-risk areas has been achieved over the past several decades...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003023/the-prognostic-influence-of-body-mass-index-resting-energy-expenditure-and-fasting-blood-glucose-on-postoperative-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#16
Ning Wu, Yongjun Zhu, Dhruba Kadel, Liewen Pang, Gang Chen, Zhiming Chen
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI), resting energy expenditure (REE) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) are major preoperative assessments of patients' nutrition and metabolic state. The relations and effects of these indices on esophageal cancer patients' postoperative short-term and long-term outcomes remain controversial and unclear. We aimed to study the impact of BMI, REE and FBG in esophageal cancer patients undergoing esophagectomy. METHODS: Three hundred and six esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophagectomy were observed retrospectively...
December 21, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001084/resveratrol-as-an-anticancer-agent-a-review
#17
Abdur Rauf, Muhammad Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Nadeem, Dennis G Peters, Mohammad S Mubarak
Owing to their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity, grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are the archetypal paradigms of fruits used not only for nutritional purposes but also for exclusive therapeutics. Grapes are a prominent and promising source of phytochemicals, especially resveratrol, a phytoalexin antioxidant found in red grapes which has both chemopreventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments. Resveratrol's role in reducing different human cancers, including breast, cervical, uterine, blood, kidney, liver, eye, bladder, thyroid, esophageal, prostate, brain, lung, skin, gastric, colon, head and neck, bone, ovarian, and cervical, has been reviewed...
December 21, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958342/longitudinal-observational-study-on-associations-between-postoperative-nutritional-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-clinical-outcomes-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy
#18
Lu Wang, Cong Wang, Jiangfeng Wang, Xiaochen Huang, Yufeng Cheng
Vitamin D can exert anticancer effect beyond bone and calcium metabolism. We aimed to investigate whether postoperative vitamin D supplementation affects quality of life (QOL) and survival in esophageal cancer (EC) patients. We utilized the widely used EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-OES18 to assess QOL at EC diagnosis and 24 months after surgery. Generalized estimating equations (GEEs) were used to analysis the association of vitamin D supplement use with QOL. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression model were used to evaluate the prognostic value of vitamin D supplementation...
December 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928446/gastrostomy-with-peritoneal-collar-versus-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy
#19
Tudor C, Branescu C, Savlovschi C, El-Khatib A, Pantu H, Nica A, Dascalu Am, Masoumeh B, Tudor As, Oprescu Sm, Serban D
Aim. The present study aimed to perform a medico-surgical comparative analysis of the 2 most widely used techniques: gastrostomy with peritoneal collar versus percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, based on the vast clinical experience in an Upper Digestive Surgery Clinic. Materials and method. A retrospective study was carried out between January 2010 and January 2015 on the patients admitted for a surgical solution for feeding. The indications, preoperative preparation, surgical techniques, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919983/prognostic-significance-of-inflammatory-and-nutritional-parameters-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#20
Tatsuya Miyazaki, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda, Naritaka Tanaka, Takehiko Yokobori, Yoko Motegi, Masanobu Nakajima, Minoru Fukuchi, Hiroyuki Kato, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the following preoperative prognostic factors in patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: C-Reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), serum albumin, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and body mass index (BMI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 173 men and 19 women with a mean age of 65.8 years (range=42-86 years) who were scheduled to undergo esophagectomy for esophageal cancer...
2016: Anticancer Research
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