keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Papua new guinea

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812625/larval-fish-dispersal-in-a-coral-reef-seascape
#1
Glenn R Almany, Serge Planes, Simon R Thorrold, Michael L Berumen, Michael Bode, Pablo Saenz-Agudelo, Mary C Bonin, Ashley J Frisch, Hugo B Harrison, Vanessa Messmer, Gerrit B Nanninga, Mark A Priest, Maya Srinivasan, Tane Sinclair-Taylor, David H Williamson, Geoffrey P Jones
Larval dispersal is a critical yet enigmatic process in the persistence and productivity of marine metapopulations. Empirical data on larval dispersal remain scarce, hindering the use of spatial management tools in efforts to sustain ocean biodiversity and fisheries. Here we document dispersal among subpopulations of clownfish (Amphiprion percula) and butterflyfish (Chaetodon vagabundus) from eight sites across a large seascape (10,000 km(2)) in Papua New Guinea across 2 years. Dispersal of clownfish was consistent between years, with mean observed dispersal distances of 15 km and 10 km in 2009 and 2011, respectively...
May 8, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796774/an-in-country-model-of-workforce-support-for-trained-mid-level-eye-care-workers-in-papua-new-guinea-and-pacific-islands
#2
Julie Brûlé, Benoit Tousignant, Graeme Nicholls, Matthew G Pearce
To alleviate the significant burden of vision impairment and blindness in low-resource settings, addressing the shortage in human resources in eye care is one of the fundamental strategies. With its postgraduate training programmes, The Fred Hollows Foundation New Zealand (FHFNZ) aims to increase workforce capacity in the Pacific Island countries and territories and Papua New Guinea. This paper presents an in-country model to offer support to graduates, an essential element to retain them in the workforce and ensure they are able to perform the tasks they were trained to do...
August 11, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792240/coping-with-drought-in-rural-papua-new-guinea-a-western-highlands-case-study
#3
Pauline Rutendo Gwatirisa, Barbara Pamphilon, Katja Mikhailovich
The short- and long-term effects of climate change on Papua New Guinea's agricultural sector have generated significant debate in recent times. Current literature demonstrates that different population groups have differing levels of vulnerability and resilience to the flow-on effects of climate change, particularly drought. Yet different schools of thought on the country's food security and effects on livelihoods persist. This article draws on evidence from research conducted in the Western Highlands of Papua New Guinea as part of a bigger economic empowerment project to illustrate the vulnerabilities of one community of rural semisubsistence farmers to drought-induced food insecurity...
August 9, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750615/implications-of-male-circumcision-for-women-in-papua-new-guinea-a-transformational-grounded-theory-study
#4
Michelle Redman-MacLaren, Jane Mills, Rachael Tommbe, David MacLaren, Rick Speare, William J H McBride
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces the risk of female-to-male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is being explored for HIV prevention in Papua New Guinea (PNG). PNG has a concentrated HIV epidemic which is largely heterosexually transmitted. There are a diverse range of male circumcision and penile modification practices across PNG. Exploring the implications of male circumcision for women in PNG is important to inform evidence-based health policy that will result in positive, intended consequences...
July 27, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743668/a-new-haplotype-of-the-coconut-rhinoceros-beetle-oryctes-rhinoceros-has-escaped-biological-control-by-oryctes-rhinoceros-nudivirus-and-is-invading-pacific-islands
#5
Sean D G Marshall, Aubrey Moore, Maclean Vaqalo, Alasdair Noble, Trevor A Jackson
The coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB; Oryctes rhinoceros) is a major pest of coconut and oil palm, but the discovery and release of Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus (OrNV) in the 1960s and 70s suppressed the pest such that no new invasions of uninfested islands by CRB were reported for over 30 years after implementation of the biocontrol programme. Surprisingly, a highly damaging outbreak was reported from Guam (2007), which could not be controlled by OrNV. Subsequently, new invasions have been reported from Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea (2009); O'ahu, Hawai'i (2013); and Honiara, Solomon Islands (2015)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727800/demographic-disequilibrium-in-living-nautiloids-nautilus-and-allonautilus-canary-in-the-coal-mines
#6
W Bruce Saunders, Emily Greenfest-Allen, Peter D Ward
Averaged demographic data from previously unfished populations of Nautilus and Allonautilus (Cephalopoda) provide a baseline to determine if a population is undisturbed and in "equilibrium" or is in "disequilibrium" as a result of fishery pressure. Data are available for previously undisturbed local nautiloid populations in Papua New Guinea, Australia, Indonesia, Fiji, Palau, American Samoa, New Caledonia and Vanuatu (total n = 2,669 live-caught, tagged and released animals). The data show that unfished populations average ~75% males and ~74% mature animals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727232/functional-genomic-analysis-of-corals-from-natural-co2-seeps-reveals-core-molecular-responses-involved-in-acclimatization-to-ocean-acidification
#7
C D Kenkel, A Moya, J Strahl, C Humphrey, L K Bay
Little is known about the potential for acclimatization or adaptation of corals to ocean acidification and even less about the molecular mechanisms underpinning these processes. Here we examine global gene expression patterns in corals and their intracellular algal symbionts from two replicate population pairs in Papua New Guinea that have undergone long-term acclimatization to natural variation in pCO2 . In the coral host, only 61 genes were differentially expressed in response to pCO2 environment, but the pattern of change was highly consistent between replicate populations, likely reflecting the core expression homeostasis response to ocean acidification...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713349/the-gut-microbiota-of-healthy-chilean-subjects-reveals-a-high-abundance-of-the-phylum-verrucomicrobia
#8
Sayaka Fujio-Vejar, Yessenia Vasquez, Pamela Morales, Fabien Magne, Patricia Vera-Wolf, Juan A Ugalde, Paola Navarrete, Martin Gotteland
The gut microbiota is currently recognized as an important factor regulating the homeostasis of the gastrointestinal tract and influencing the energetic metabolism of the host as well as its immune and central nervous systems. Determining the gut microbiota composition of healthy subjects is therefore necessary to establish a baseline allowing the detection of microbiota alterations in pathologic conditions. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to characterize the gut microbiota of healthy Chilean subjects using 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710808/the-application-of-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modelling-to-assess-the-impact-of-antiretroviral-mediated-drug-drug-interactions-on-piperaquine-antimalarial-therapy-during-pregnancy
#9
Olusola Olafuyi, Michael Coleman, Raj K S Badhan
Antimalarial therapy during pregnancy poses important safety concerns due to potential teratogenicity and maternal physiological and biochemical changes during gestation. Piperaquine (PQ) has gained interest for use in pregnancy in response to increasing resistance towards sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in sub-Saharan Africa. Co-infection with HIV is common in many developing countries, however, little is known about the impact of anti-retroviral (ARV) mediated drug-drug interaction (DDI) on PQ pharmacokinetics during pregnancy...
July 14, 2017: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706988/unsustainable-development-pathways-caused-by-tropical-deforestation
#10
Luis Roman Carrasco, Thi Phuong Le Nghiem, Zhirong Chen, Edward B Barbier
Global sustainability strategies require assessing whether countries' development trajectories are sustainable over time. However, sustainability assessments are limited because losses of natural capital and its ecosystem services through deforestation have not been comprehensively incorporated into national accounts. We update the national accounts of 80 nations that underwent tropical deforestation from 2000 to 2012 and evaluate their development trajectories using weak and strong sustainability criteria...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702307/childhood-pneumonia-and-meningitis-in-the-eastern-highlands-province-papua-new-guinea-in-the-era-of-conjugate-vaccines-study-methods-and-challenges
#11
Christopher C Blyth, Rebecca Ford, Joycelyn Sapura, Tonny Kumani, Geraldine Masiria, John Kave, Lapule Yuasi, Andrew Greenhill, Ilomo Hwaihwanje, Amanda Lang, Deborah Lehmann, William Pomat
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and meningitis are common causes of severe childhood illness in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The etiology of both clinical conditions in PNG has not been recently assessed. Changes in lifestyle, provision and access to healthcare, antimicrobial utilization and resistance, and the national childhood vaccination schedule necessitate reassessment. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was undertaken, enrolling children <5 years of age to determine the contemporary etiology of clinically defined moderate or severe pneumonia or suspected meningitis...
2017: Pneumonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679421/health-information-system-strengthening-and-malaria-elimination-in-papua-new-guinea
#12
Alexander Rosewell, Leo Makita, David Muscatello, Lucy Ninmongo John, Sibauk Bieb, Ross Hutton, Sundar Ramamurthy, Phil Shearman
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to describe an m-health initiative to strengthen malaria surveillance in a 184-health facility, multi-province, project aimed at strengthening the National Health Information System (NHIS) in a country with fragmented malaria surveillance, striving towards enhanced control, pre-elimination. METHODS: A remote-loading mobile application and secure online platform for health professionals was created to interface with the new system (eNHIS)...
July 5, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651021/natural-immune-response-to-plasmodium-vivax-alpha-helical-coiled-coil-protein-motifs-and-its-association-with-the-risk-of-p-vivax-malaria
#13
Nora Céspedes, Connie S N Li Wai Suen, Cristian Koepfli, Camila T França, Ingrid Felger, Issa Nebie, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Ivo Mueller, Giampietro Corradin, Sócrates Herrera
Protein α-helical coiled coil structures are known to induce antibodies able to block critical functions in different pathogens. In a previous study, a total of 50 proteins of Plasmodium vivax erythrocytic asexual stages containing α-helical coiled coil structural motifs were identified in silico, and the corresponding peptides were chemically synthesized. A total of 43 peptides were recognized by naturally acquired antibodies in plasma samples from both Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Colombian adult donors. In this study, the association between IgG antibodies to these peptides and clinical immunity was further explored by measuring total IgG antibody levels to 24 peptides in baseline samples from a longitudinal study of children aged 1-3 years (n = 164) followed for 16 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636866/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-other-sexually-transmissible-infections-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-three-provinces-in-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Lisa M Vallely, Pamela Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Carolyn Tomado, Savarina Huliafi, Gloria Munnull, Patricia Rarau, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Handan Wand, Peter Siba, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor, Andrew J Vallely
Background Papua New Guinea (PNG) is estimated to have among the highest prevalences of HIV and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) of any Asia-Pacific country, and one of the highest burdens of maternal syphilis globally. The prevalence of curable STIs, such as Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV), among pregnant women in PNG is relatively unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional bio-behavioural survey to investigate the epidemiology of CT, NG, TV and other STIs among pregnant women in three provinces of PNG was undertaken...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636865/reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmissible-infections-in-papua-new-guinea-requires-strengthening-of-clinical-services-and-engaging-men
#15
Jane S Hocking, Cathy Vaughan, Andrew Lau, Dorothy A Machalek, Simon Graham
In this edition of Sexual Health, Vallely et al. report the results of a cross-sectional prevalence survey of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) among women attending their first antenatal visit in three provinces of Papua New Guinea (PNG). This Editorial examines potential reasons for these high prevalence estimates and discusses strategies for addressing high STIs rates in PNG.
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620322/the-relationship-of-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-culturally-distinct-conflict-affected-population-a-study-among-west-papuan-refugees-displaced-to-papua-new-guinea
#16
Derrick Silove, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Moses Kareth, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Controversy continues about the validity of the construct of complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). In particular, questions remain whether C-PTSD can be differentiated from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and, secondarily, other common mental disorders. The examination of these issues needs to be expanded to populations of diverse cultural backgrounds exposed to prolonged persecution. We undertake such an inquiry among a community sample of West Papuan refugees exposed to extensive persecution and trauma...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616473/ten-years-of-the-tiger-aedes-albopictus-presence-in-australia-since-its-discovery-in-the-torres-strait-in-2005
#17
REVIEW
Andrew F van den Hurk, Jay Nicholson, Nigel W Beebe, Joe Davis, Odwell M Muzari, Richard C Russell, Gregor J Devine, Scott A Ritchie
The "Asian tiger mosquito", Aedes albopictus, is highly invasive, an aggressive biter and a major arbovirus vector. It is not currently present on mainland Australia despite being intercepted on numerous occasions at international ports and infesting the Torres Strait of Australia since at least 2004. In the current paper, we describe the invasion and current status of Ae. albopictus in the Torres Strait, as well as research conducted to assess the threat of this species becoming established in arbovirus transmission cycles on the Australian mainland...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615061/synergistic-effect-of-il-12-and-il-18-induces-tim3-regulation-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-function-and-decreases-the-risk-of-clinical-malaria-in-children-living-in-papua-new-guinea
#18
Louis Schofield, Lisa J Ioannidis, Stephan Karl, Leanne J Robinson, Qiao Y Tan, Daniel P Poole, Inoni Betuela, Danika L Hill, Peter M Siba, Diana S Hansen, Ivo Mueller, Emily M Eriksson
BACKGROUND: γδ T cells are important for both protective immunity and immunopathogenesis during malaria infection. However, the immunological processes determining beneficial or detrimental effects on disease outcome remain elusive. The aim of this study was to examine expression and regulatory effect of the inhibitory receptor T-cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain 3 (TIM3) on γδ T cells. While TIM3 expression and function on conventional αβ T cells have been clearly defined, the equivalent characterization on γδ T cells and associations with disease outcomes is limited...
June 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612939/using-soundscapes-to-detect-variable-degrees-of-human-influence-on-tropical-forests-in-papua-new-guinea
#19
Zuzana Burivalova, Michael Towsey, Tim Boucher, Anthony Truskinger, Cosmas Apelis, Paul Roe, Edward T Game
There is global concern about tropical forest degradation, in part, because of the associated loss of biodiversity. Communities and indigenous people play a fundamental role in tropical forest management and they are often efficient at preventing forest degradation. However, monitoring changes in biodiversity due to degradation, especially at a scale appropriate to local tropical forest management, is marred with difficulties including the need for expert training, inconsistency across observers, and the lack of baseline or reference data...
June 14, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610366/first-record-of-cephenniitae-in-the-bismarck-archipelago-papua-new-guinea-with-description-of-new-species-of-cephennodes-and-cephennomicrus-of-mussau-and-manus-islands-coleoptera-staphylinidae-scydmaeninae
#20
Paweł Jałoszyński
The supertribe Cephenniitae and the tribe Cephenniini are for the first time recorded from the Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Cephennodes (s. str.) mussauinsularis sp. n. and Cephennomicrus manusianus sp. n. are described, based on specimens collected respectively on Mussau Island (New Ireland Province) and Manus Island (Manus Province).
May 17, 2017: Zootaxa
keyword
keyword
55717
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"