Read by QxMD icon Read

Papua new guinea

Solomon Maina, Martin J Barbetti, Owain R Edwards, David Minemba, Michael W Areke, Roger A C Jones
Analysis of an RNA-Seq library from cucumber leaf RNA revealed the first complete genome sequence of Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (CABYV) from Papua New Guinea. We compared it with 36 complete CABYV genomes from other world regions. It most resembled the genome of South Korean isolate GS6.
March 15, 2018: Genome Announcements
Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Howard E Lemon
Ixodes goliath n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), is described based on females collected from the eastern hyomys, Hyomys goliath (Milne-Edwards) (Rodentia: Muridae) from Papua New Guinea. Females of I. goliath n. sp. are similar to those of I. priscicollaris Schulze, 1932 but can be distinguished by the overall size, porose areas sculpture and shape of palpal segment I ventrally. For comparative purposes, the female of I. priscicollaris is redescribed. Studied females of I. priscicollaris were found on murid rodents and Phascogale sp...
March 13, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
T Baird, E Donnan, C Coulter, G Simpson, A Konstantinos, G Eather
SETTINGp: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a growing concern worldwide. In Australia, although the incidence of MDR-TB remains low, Queensland is at an increased risk due to its proximity to Papua New Guinea (PNG). OBJECTIVE: To examine the epidemiology, clinical features and outcomes of MDR-TB in Queensland, with a comparison between cross-border PNG and non-cross-border patients. DESIGN: Retrospective case series of all MDR-TB patients in Queensland between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2014...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
P W Crous, M J Wingfield, T I Burgess, A J Carnegie, G E St J Hardy, D Smith, B A Summerell, J F Cano-Lira, J Guarro, J Houbraken, L Lombard, M P Martín, M Sandoval-Denis, A V Alexandrova, C W Barnes, I G Baseia, J D P Bezerra, V Guarnaccia, T W May, M Hernández-Restrepo, A M Stchigel, A N Miller, M E Ordoñez, V P Abreu, T Accioly, C Agnello, A Agustin Colmán, C C Albuquerque, D S Alfredo, P Alvarado, G R Araújo-Magalhães, S Arauzo, T Atkinson, A Barili, R W Barreto, J L Bezerra, T S Cabral, F Camello Rodríguez, R H S F Cruz, P P Daniëls, B D B da Silva, D A C de Almeida, A A de Carvalho Júnior, C A Decock, L Delgat, S Denman, R A Dimitrov, J Edwards, A G Fedosova, R J Ferreira, A L Firmino, J A Flores, D García, J Gené, A Giraldo, J S Góis, A A M Gomes, C M Gonçalves, D E Gouliamova, M Groenewald, B V Guéorguiev, M Guevara-Suarez, L F P Gusmão, K Hosaka, V Hubka, S M Huhndorf, M Jadan, Ž Jurjević, B Kraak, V Kučera, T K A Kumar, I Kušan, S R Lacerda, S Lamlertthon, W S Lisboa, M Loizides, J J Luangsa-Ard, P Lysková, W P Mac Cormack, D M Macedo, A R Machado, E F Malysheva, P Marinho, N Matočec, M Meijer, A Mešić, S Mongkolsamrit, K A Moreira, O V Morozova, K U Nair, N Nakamura, W Noisripoom, I Olariaga, R J V Oliveira, L M Paiva, P Pawar, O L Pereira, S W Peterson, M Prieto, E Rodríguez-Andrade, C Rojo De Blas, M Roy, E S Santos, R Sharma, G A Silva, C M Souza-Motta, Y Takeuchi-Kaneko, C Tanaka, A Thakur, M Th Smith, Z Tkalčec, N Valenzuela-Lopez, P van der Kleij, A Verbeken, M G Viana, X W Wang, J Z Groenewald
Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Antarctica : Cadophora antarctica from soil. Australia : Alfaria dandenongensis on Cyperaceae , Amphosoma persooniae on Persoonia sp., Anungitea nullicana on Eucalyptus sp . , Bagadiella eucalypti on Eucalyptus globulus , Castanediella eucalyptigena on Eucalyptus sp., Cercospora dianellicola on Dianella sp., Cladoriella kinglakensis on Eucalyptus regnans , Cladoriella xanthorrhoeae (incl. Cladoriellaceae fam. nov...
December 2017: Persoonia
Dagwin Luang-Suarkia, Oriol Mitja, Timo Ernst, Shannon Bennett, Alfred Tay, Russell Hays, David W Smith, Allison Imrie
BACKGROUND: Dengue is endemic in the Western Pacific and Oceania and the region reports more than 200,000 cases annually. Outbreaks of dengue and severe dengue occur regularly and movement of virus throughout the region has been reported. Disease surveillance systems, however, in many areas are not fully established and dengue incidence is underreported. Dengue epidemiology is likely least understood in Papua New Guinea (PNG), where the prototype DENV-2 strain New Guinea C was first isolated by Sabin in 1944 but where routine surveillance is not undertaken and little incidence and prevalence data is available...
March 1, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187796.].
2018: PloS One
Jacinta S Greer, Francesca A McInerney, David R Vann, Xin Song
Rationale Purification of α-cellulose from plant tissues is commonly conducted to facilitate the reliable measurement of stable isotope ratios. Prior research has shown that different plant species and tissues react differently to standardised cellulose extraction techniques. Thus, no single method can be applied to all materials and careful consideration must be undertakenwhen selecting an extraction technique. METHODS: In order to evaluate their suitability for use on Melaleuca quinquenervia leaves, a suite of eight different cellulose extraction techniques were tested...
February 22, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
J R Francis, P Manchikanti, C C Blyth, J Denholm, C Lowbridge, C Coulter, E Donnan, R Stapledon, V L Krause, J Waring
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and outcomes of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) diagnosed in Australia between 1998 and 2012. DESIGN: A retrospective review was undertaken involving all patients with laboratory-confirmed MDR-TB notified in Australia between 1998 and 2012 inclusive. Demographic, clinical and laboratory features are described. Clinical outcomes were defined according to World Health Organization definitions of treatment success (cure and treatment completion), treatment failure, death, loss to follow-up (including transfer out), or not evaluated at treatment completion...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Michael Marks, Oriol Mitjà, Christian Bottomley, Cynthia Kwakye, Wendy Houinei, Mathias Bauri, Paul Adwere, Abdul A Abdulai, Fredrick Dua, Laud Boateng, James Wangi, Sally-Ann Ohene, Regina Wangnapi, Shirley V Simpson, Helen Miag, Kennedy K Addo, Laud A Basing, Damien Danavall, Kai H Chi, Allan Pillay, Ronald Ballard, Anthony W Solomon, Cheng Y Chen, Sibauk V Bieb, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, David C W Mabey, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: A dose of 30 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for treatment of yaws, a disease targeted for global eradication. Treatment with 20 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for the elimination of trachoma as a public health problem. In some settings, these diseases are co-endemic. We aimed to determine the efficacy of 20 mg/kg of azithromycin compared with 30 mg/kg azithromycin for the treatment of active and latent yaws. METHODS: We did a non-inferiority, open-label, randomised controlled trial in children aged 6-15 years who were recruited from schools in Ghana and schools and the community in Papua New Guinea...
February 15, 2018: Lancet Global Health
Thane A Militz, Jeff Kinch, Paul C Southgate
A major difficulty in managing live organism wildlife trade is often the reliance on trade data to monitor exploitation of wild populations. Harvested organisms that die or are discarded before a point of sale are regularly not reported. For the global marine aquarium trade, identifying supply-chain losses is necessary to more accurately assess exploitation from trade data. We examined quality control rejections and mortality of marine invertebrates (Asteroidea, Gastropoda, Malacostraca, Ophiuroidea) moving through the Papua New Guinea marine aquarium supply-chain, from fisher to importer...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Management
Thyna Orelly, Henry Welch, Edwin Machine, Wendy Pameh, Trevor Duke
AIM: How to provide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disclosure and awareness for children and young people has not been studied in Papua New Guinea or Pacific Island countries. We aimed to determine the current practices of HIV disclosure and evaluate whether an incremental disclosure education model, as recommended by World Health Organization (WHO), would increase children's knowledge about their condition and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: We enrolled HIV-infected children on ART whose parents consented, and we identified whether they were aware that they were HIV positive or not...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Oriol Mitjà, Charmie Godornes, Wendy Houinei, August Kapa, Raymond Paru, Haina Abel, Camila González-Beiras, Sibauk V Bieb, James Wangi, Alyssa E Barry, Sergi Sanz, Quique Bassat, Sheila A Lukehart
BACKGROUND: Yaws is a substantial cause of chronic disfiguring ulcers in children in at least 14 countries in the tropics. WHO's newly adopted strategy for yaws eradication uses a single round of mass azithromycin treatment followed by targeted treatment programmes, and data from pilot studies have shown a short-term significant reduction of yaws. We assessed the long-term efficacy of the WHO strategy for yaws eradication. METHODS: Between April 15, 2013, and Oct 24, 2016, we did a longitudinal study on a Papua New Guinea island (Lihir; 16 092 population) in which yaws was endemic...
February 7, 2018: Lancet
Luzia Veletzky, Mirjam Groger, Heimo Lagler, Julia Walochnik, Herbert Auer, Hans-Peter Fuehrer, Michael Ramharter
BACKGROUND: Malaria caused by Plasmodium ovale spp. has been neglected by and large from research and has received only little scientific attention during the past decades. Ovale malaria is considered to feature relapses by liver hypnozoites although scientific evidence for this paradigm is scarce. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, the case of a 16-year-old male, who presented with fevers to the outpatient department in Vienna, Austria, after travelling to Uganda and Papua New Guinea is described...
February 9, 2018: Malaria Journal
Yosuke Inoue, Daichi Takahashi, Naoki Kondo, Akiko Yoshii, Makoto Sekihara, Francis W Hombhanje, Takahiro Tsukahara
Background: Little is known about the association between the social capital of village health volunteers (VHVs) and their performance in relation to malarial care. Methods: Data came from 337 children and 13 VHVs working in Dagua, Papua New Guinea. The outcome variable was whether caretakers brought their children to health care services on the incidence of a febrile episode. The social capital of VHVs was assessed by inquiring about relationships with people in 25 social positions/roles...
February 7, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Harvey Whitehouse
Whether upheld as heroic or reviled as terrorism, throughout history people have been willing to lay down their lives for the sake of their groups. Why? Previous theories of extreme self-sacrifice have highlighted a range of seemingly disparate factors such as collective identity, outgroup hostility, and kin psychology. This paper attempts to integrate many of these factors into a single overarching theory based on several decades of collaborative research with a range of special populations, from tribes in Papua New Guinea to Libyan insurgents, and from Muslim fundamentalists in Indonesia to Brazilian football hooligans...
February 7, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Meghna Desai, Jenny Hill, Silke Fernandes, Patrick Walker, Christopher Pell, Julie Gutman, Kassoum Kayentao, Raquel Gonzalez, Jayne Webster, Brian Greenwood, Michel Cot, Feiko O Ter Kuile
Malaria remains one of the most preventable causes of adverse birth outcomes. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine is used to prevent malaria, but resistance to this drug combination has decreased its efficacy and new alternatives are needed. In Africa, a meta-analysis showed three-course or monthly IPTp with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine to be safe and more effective than the original two-course sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine strategy, prompting WHO to update its policy in 2012...
January 30, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Claudia Kohl, Mary Tachedjian, Shawn Todd, Paul Monaghan, Victoria Boyd, Glenn A Marsh, Gary Crameri, Hume Field, Andreas Kurth, Ina Smith, Lin-Fa Wang
In 2011, an unusually large number of independent Hendra virus outbreaks were recorded on horse properties in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Urine from bat colonies adjacent to the outbreak sites were sampled and screened for Hendra and other viruses. Several novel paramyxoviruses were also isolated at different locations. Here one of the novel viruses, named Hervey virus (HerPV), is fully characterized by genome sequencing, annotation, phylogeny and in vitro host range, and its serological cross-reactivity and neutralization patterns are examined...
2018: PloS One
Qian-Wen Jin, Yong-Hua Hu, Li Sun
A novel rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic bacterium, designated S35T, was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected from the Pacmanus hydrothermal field, Manus Basin, Papua New Guinea. Strain S35T grew optimally at 28 °C, at pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain S35T shared 97.38-98.55% similarity with the type strains of Alteromonas lipolytica, Alteromonas mediterranea and Aestuariibacterhalophilus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain S35T belonged to the genus Alteromonas...
February 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Michael A Irvine, James W Kazura, T Deirdre Hollingsworth, Lisa J Reimer
It is well known that individuals in the same community can be exposed to a highly variable number of mosquito bites. This heterogeneity in bite exposure has consequences for the control of vector-borne diseases because a few people may be contributing significantly to transmission. However, very few studies measure sources of heterogeneity in a way which is relevant to decision-making. We investigate the relationship between two classic measures of heterogeneity, spatial and individual, within the context of lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic mosquito-borne disease...
January 31, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Andrew J Vallely, Pamela J Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Josephine Gabuzzi, Antonia Kumbia, Benny Kombuk, Zure Kombati, Lisa M Vallely, Angela Kelly-Hanku, Handan Wand, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Glen D L Mola, John M Kaldor
BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea (PNG) has among the highest estimated burdens of cervical cancer globally but currently has no national cervical screening program. Visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) is a low-cost screening strategy endorsed by the World Health Organization that has been adopted in many low-resource settings but not previously evaluated in PNG. AIM: To evaluate the association between VIA examination findings and high-risk HPV (hrHPV) infection; and the impact of concomitant genital Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis on the interpretation of VIA findings...
January 30, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"