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centella asiatica

Qilai Cheng, Meixiang Liao, Haibo Hu, Hongliang Li, Longhuo Wu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: P-glycoprotein (P-gp, i.e., MDR1) is associated with the phenotype of multidrug resistance (MDR) and causes chemotherapy failure in the management of cancers. Searching for effective MDR modulators and combining them with anticancer drugs is a promising strategy against MDR. Asiatic acid (AA), a natural triterpene isolated from the plant Centella asiatica, may have an antitumor activity. The present study assessed the reversing effect of AA on MDR and possible molecular mechanisms of AA action in MDR1-overexpressing cisplatin (DDP)-resistant lung cancer cells, A549/DDP...
May 11, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Park Ju Ho, Jang Jun Sung, Kim Ki Cheon, Hong Jin Tae
BACKGROUND: Centella asiatica phytosome (CA phytosome) has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, its anti-dermatitic effect has not yet been reported. PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of CA phytosome on inflammatory reponses by macrophages in an atopic dermatitis (AD) mouse model. STUDY DESIGN: The effects of CA phytosome on atopic dermatitis were examined by using phthalic anhydride (PA)-induced AD mouse model and RAW 264...
April 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Nonthaneth Nalinratana, Duangdeun Meksuriyen, Boonsri Ongpipattanakul
Madecassoside (MS) and asiaticoside (AS) along with their aglycones, madecassic acid (MA) and asiatic acid (AA), are considered the major neuroactive triterpenoid constituents of Centella asiatica . In this study, we aimed to compare MS, AS, MA, and AA for their neurite outgrowth activities and mechanisms in Neuro-2a cells. Immunofluorescent cell staining showed MS and AS significantly increased the percentage of neurite-bearing cells (%NBC) and the neurite length with higher potency than MA and AA. The triterpenoid glycosides induced sustained extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, while their aglycones activated only transient signaling of ERK1/2...
May 2, 2018: Planta Medica
Wei Wang, Lingling Wu, Qing Li, Zhuo Zhang, Liba Xu, Caixia Lin, Ling Gao, Kaili Zhao, Fei Liang, Qing Zhang, Mei Zhou, Weizhe Jiang
Madecassoside (MA), a triterpenoid saponin isolated from Centella asiatica, exerts various pharmacological activities including antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to explore the protective effect of MA in the treatment of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and D-galactosamine (D-GalN)-induced acute liver failure(ALF) in mice. We hypothesized that MA administration may decrease the degree of liver injury caused by LPS/D-GalN. In this study, we investigated this hypothesis by treating a mouse model of LPS/D-GalN-induced liver injury with MA...
April 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Liwen Wei, Qingshan Chen, Aijie Guo, Jie Fan, Rong Wang, Hai Zhang
Liver fibrosis is a major pathological feature of chronic liver diseases, and effective therapies are limited at present. Asiatic acid (AA) is a triterpenoid isolated from Centella asiatica, which exhibits efficient anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the potential therapeutic effect of AA on CCl4 -induced liver fibrosis in rats and to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Liver fibrosis-related indexes including body weight, biochemical parameters, histological changes, the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines and biomarkers, and changes in the expression of related proteins in liver tissue were assessed...
April 24, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Roberto Cotellese, Shu Hu, Gianni Belcaro, Andrea Ledda, Beatrice Feragalli, Mark Dugall, Morio Hosoi, Edmondo Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Formation of scars after surgical incisions requires the proper appositions of elements contributing to the scarring process. The structural rebuilding of damaged tissues is essential in producing a linear scar. The excess of blood, foreign particles, exuberant sutures, necrotic tissue, possible infective agents, as well as the ongoing inflammatory process may produce a non-linear, sometimes painful keloidal scar. Centella asiatica (CA) extracts have been used topically since ancient times for preventing keloids (i...
April 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
Xiong Yuyun, Cheng Xi, Yin Qing, Xia Lin, Rui Ke, Sun Bingwei
Sepsis is a severe multisystem disease with high mortality rates and limited treatment options. However, advances during the last decade have opened opportunities to develop novel therapeutic strategies. The Notch signaling pathway plays a critical role in inflammation, and its inhibition offers an avenue to treat inflammatory diseases, such as sepsis. Asiatic acid (AA), a triterpenoid isolated from Centella asiatica, reportedly exerts anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, and anti-inflammatory effects, but its mechanisms remain unclear...
March 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Ok Tae Kim, Yurry Um, Mei Lan Jin, Jang Uk Kim, Daniela Hegebarth, Lucas Busta, Radu C Racovita, Reinhard Jetter
Centella asiatica is widely used as a medicinal plant due to accumulation of the ursane-type triterpene saponins asiaticoside and madecassoside. The molecular structure of both compounds suggests that they are biosynthesized from α-amyrin via three hydroxylations, and respective cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases (P450 enzymes) oxidizing the C-28 and C-2α positions have been reported. However, a third enzyme hydroxylating C-23 remained elusive. We previously identified 40,064 unique sequences in the transcriptome of C...
March 22, 2018: Plant & Cell Physiology
Yi Li, Kehui Liu, Yang Wang, Zhenming Zhou, Chaoshu Chen, Panhua Ye, Fangming Yu
This study examined the potential of a cadmium-resistant Enterobacter sp. FM-1 to promote plant growth and assist in cadmium accumulation in both mine-type C. asiatica L. and non-mine type C. asiatica L. tissues in highly cadmium-polluted soils. The results indicated that Enterobacter sp. FM-1 significantly promoted growth and alleviated metal toxicity in both types of C. asiatica L. Meanwhile, inoculation with Enterobacter sp. FM-1 in contaminated soil can increased cadmium bioavailability in soil. Furthermore, it will increase plant uptake and the accumulation of cadmium in C...
March 15, 2018: Chemosphere
K D P P Gunathilake, K K D S Ranaweera, H P V Rupasinghe
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of cooking (boiling, steaming, and frying) on anti-inflammation associated properties in vitro of six popularly consumed green leafy vegetables in Sri Lanka, namely: Centella asiatica , Cassia auriculata , Gymnema lactiferum , Olax zeylanica , Sesbania grnadiflora, and Passiflora edulis. The anti-inflammation associated properties of methanolic extracts of cooked leaves were evaluated using four in vitro biological assays, namely, hemolysis inhibition, proteinase inhibition, protein denaturation inhibition, and lipoxygenase inhibition...
March 16, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Sawana Singkhorn, Mayuree H Tantisira, Supita Tanasawet, Pilaiwanwadee Hutamekalin, Tulaporn Wongtawatchai, Wanida Sukketsiri
Centella asiatica is widely considered the most important medicinal plant for treating and relieving skin diseases. Recently developed standardized extract of Centella asiatica ECa 233 has demonstrated positive effects on wound healing of incision and burn wound in rats. However, knowledge associated with wound healing mechanism of ECa 233 was scare. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect and underlying molecular mechanisms of ECa 233 on the migration of a human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) using scratch wound healing assay...
March 13, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Atika Resti Fitri, Prasit Pavasant, Supakarn Chamni, Piyamas Sumrejkanchanakij
BACKGROUND: Asiaticoside is a compound isolated from Herb Centella asiatica, which has been shown to promote osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells. This study investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the asiaticoside-induced osteogenic differentiation of hPDL cells. METHODS: hPDL cells were incubated with various concentrations of asiaticoside to test cell viability by MTT assay. The mRNA expression levels were analyzed by using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Bubuya Masola, Oluwafemi O Oguntibeju, Ayodeji B Oyenihi
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban (Family: Apiaceae) is a perennial herb that has been used to elevate mood, improve memory, treat wounds and manage kidney-related ailments in African traditional medicine practice. This study evaluated the potential benefits of C. asiatica (CA) on diabetes-induced stress in kidney and brain of rats. Following the induction of diabetes mellitus (DM), rats were orally treated with vehicle, CA or Metformin daily for 14 days. After treatment, renal and brain levels of inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-10 were assessed...
May 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Chutima Jantarat, Pornpak Sirathanarun, Tatsanee Chuchue, Atthaphon Konpian, Gorawit Sukkua, Prutthicha Wongprasert
The herbal ball has been used as a Thai traditional medicine for relieving many diseases including acne. However, the application process of the herbal ball in practice is complicated and time consuming. The objective of this work was to utilize an herbal ball extract to formulate a gel to reach a more favorable use of the herbal ball for acne treatment. An herbal ball consisting of Andrographis paniculata , Centella asiatica , the Benchalokawichian remedy and the stem bark powder of Hesperethusa crenulata was prepared...
February 28, 2018: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Swetha Chintapanti, K Pratap Reddy, P Sreenivasula Reddy
The present study evaluated the protective effects of Centella asiatica (CA) leaf extract on behavioral deficits and neurotoxicity in adult rat exposed to lead during perinatal period. Adult Wistar rats were exposed to 0.15% lead acetate (Pb) from gestation day 6 through drinking water and the pups were exposed lactationally to Pb till weaning. Significant perturbations in locomotor activity and exploratory behavior were observed in rats exposed to Pb during perinatal period. The levels of lipid peroxidation increased significantly with a reduction in levels of glutathione and activity levels of acetylcholinesterase and antioxidant enzymes in hippocampus, cerebrum, cerebellum, and medulla of brains excised from Pb-exposed rats...
May 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Li Jing, Wang Haitao, Wang Qiong, Zhu Fu, Zhang Nan, Zhang Xuezheng
Early diagnosis and changes associated with atherosclerosis are crucial in clinical medicine. However, atherosclerosis is a multifactorial disease. Asiaticoside (AA), a triterpenoid derived from Centella asiatica, has anti-inflammatory activity. Endothelium-derived nitric oxide is important in modulating vascular tone in a distinct vessel size-dependent manner; it plays a dominant role in conduit arteries and endothelium-dependent hyperpolarisation in resistance vessels. This study evaluated the effects of AA administration on human umbilical endothelial cells with oxidised low-density lipoprotein-induced inflammation...
April 2018: Cytotechnology
S Jisha, P R Gouri, K N Anith, K K Sabu
Vascular plants synthesise a multitude of organic molecules or phytochemicals, referred to as "secondary metabolites". These molecules are involved in a variety of roles in the life span of plants, ranging from structural ones to protection. Centella asiatica (L.) Urban has probably been used since prehistoric times and has been reported to have been used for various medicinal and cosmetic purposes. The plant contains several active constituents, of which the most important is asiaticoside, a triterpenoid...
April 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Andrew Octavian Sasmita, Anna Pick Kiong Ling, Kenny Gah Leong Voon, Rhun Yian Koh, Ying Pei Wong
Neurodegeneration is typically preceded by neuroinflammation generated by the nervous system to protect itself from tissue damage, however, excess neuroinflammation may inadvertently cause more harm to the surrounding tissues. Attenuating neuroinflammation with non‑steroidal anti‑inflammatory drugs can inhibit neurodegeneration. However, such treatments induce chronic side effects, including stomach ulcers. Madecassoside, a triterpene derived from Centella asiatica, is considered to be an alternative treatment of inflammation...
May 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Antony Joseph Raj, Saroj Biswakarma, Nazir A Pala, Gopal Shukla, Vineeta, Munesh Kumar, Sumit Chakravarty, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge on ethnomedicinal plant is slowly eroding. The exploration, identification and documentation on utilization of ethnobotanic resources are essential for restoration and preservation of ethnomedicinal knowledge about the plants and conservation of these species for greater interest of human society. METHODS: The study was conducted at fringe areas of Chilapatta Reserve Forest in the foothills of the eastern sub-Himalayan mountain belts of West Bengal, India, from December 2014 to May 2016...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Shou-Yan Cao, Wei Wang, Fang-Fang Nan, Yan-Ni Liu, Shuang-Yan Wei, Fang-Fang Li, Li Chen
Accumulating evidence indicates that asiatic acid, a natural triterpene isolated from Centella asiatica, has anti-inflammatory activity. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of asiatic acid on LPS-stimulated endometrial epithelial cells and the involved molecular pathways have not been completely elucidated. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of asiatic acid on LPS-induced inflammatory response in endometrial epithelial cells. Mouse endometrial epithelial cells were treated with asiatic acid and stimulated with LPS...
March 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
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