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Glynis Ablon
Within the field of dermatology, advances in the use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) have led to their clinical application for a variety of medical and cosmetic uses. Of note, one phototherapy device has demonstrated beneficial effects over a range of clinical applications (Omnilux™; GlobalMed Technologies, Glen Ellen, California). The study included a literature review of published studies. Using LEDs with frequencies of 415nm (blue), 633nm (red), and 830nm (infrared), this device has demonstrated significant results for the treatment of medical conditions, including mild-to-moderate acne vulgaris, wound healing, psoriasis, squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease), basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, and cosmetic applications...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
J Carlos Rodríguez-Cabello, I González de Torre, A Ibañez-Fonzeca, M Alonso
Wound healing is a complex process that, in healthy tissues, starts immediately after the injury. Even though it is a natural well-orchestrated process, large trauma wounds, or injuries caused by acids or other chemicals, usually produce a non-elastic deformed tissue that not only have biological reduced properties but a clear aesthetic effect. One of the main drawbacks of the scaffolds used for wound dressing is the lack of elasticity, driving to non-elastic and contracted tissues. In the last decades, elastin based materials have gained in importance as biomaterials for tissue engineering applications due to their good cyto- and bio-compatibility, their ease handling and design, production and modification...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Marjan Waterloos, Tom Claeys, Maxime Sempels, Erik Van Laecke, Piet Hoebeke, Anne-Françoise Spinoit
The adrenogenital syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder in which an enzyme defect in the steroid pathway leads to excessive prenatal exposure of androgens. In the female fetus, masculinization of the external genitalia is observed. Surgery aims for functional and aesthetical reconstruction. Many techniques have been described. A video of our modified pull-through reconstruction technique is hereby presented. A retrospective descriptive database was created with patients who underwent genitoplasty for a CAH-associated genital condition...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Islam Abdelrahman, Ingrid Steinvall, Bassem Mossaad, Folke Sjoberg, Moustafa Elmasry
BACKGROUND: Gynaecomastia is a benign enlargement of the male breast, of which the psychological burden on the patient can be considerable, with the increased risk of disorders such as depression, anxiety, and social phobia. Minimal scarring can be achieved by liposuction alone, though it is known to have a limited effect on the dense glandular and fibroconnective tissues. We know of few studies published on "liposuction alone", so we designed this study to evaluate the outcome of combining liposuction with glandular liposculpturing through two axillary incisions as a single treatment for the management of grades I and II gynaecomastia...
March 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Michael J Ingargiola, Felipe Molina Burbano, Amy Yao, Saba Motakef, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Nikki M Burish, Lisa R David, Peter J Taub
Background: The recently increased minimum aesthetic surgery requirements set by the Plastic Surgery Residency Review Committee of the ACGME highlight the importance of aesthetic surgery training for plastic surgery residents. Participation in resident aesthetic surgery clinics has become an important tool to achieve this goal. Yet, there is little literature on the current structure of these clinics. Objectives: The authors sought to evaluate current practices of aesthetic resident-run clinics in the United States...
March 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Laurent Mathieu, Michel Levadoux, Emmanuel Soucany de Landevoisin, Tarun J McBride Windsor, Sylvain Rigal
INTRODUCTION: Noncombat-related hand injuries are common in current theatres of operations. Crushing is one of the most frequent mechanisms that may cause traumatic amputations of digits. In the military setting, management of these digital amputations is challenging regarding limitation in microsurgical means in medical treatment facilities and aeromedical evacuation delays out of the combat zone. METHODS: Two cases of digital replantation performed in French forward surgical units are described...
2018: SICOT-J
Gabriele Miotto, Yan Ortiz-Pomales
Arm contour improvement is a desired goal of the massive weight loss and the aging population who want to maintain the arm aesthetics. Brachioplasty is a growing and safe procedure to improve the arm contour and different approaches and innovative treatment options have been described since the 1930s. This paper reviews the relevant literature in arm contouring including surgical and nonsurgical procedures used to aesthetically improve the arm. A comprehensive literature review was performed using the words "brachioplasty," "arm lift," "arm contouring," "arm liposuction," "noninvasive arm lift," "minimally invasive arm lift...
March 12, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Yasser Helmy
BACKGROUND: Non-surgical nasal job has been practiced and published with doubtful concerns about efficiency and safety among physicians and aesthetic surgeons. AIM: of the work to share our experiences in non-surgical rhinoplasty using filler, Botox, and thread with presentation of aesthetic and complication outcome. PATIENT AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the aesthetic and complication outcomes and techniques for non-surgical remodeling rhinoplasty using fillers, Botox, and PDO absorbable threads in 332 cases...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Hemant K Mehta
The purpose is to present a new refined surgical technique for mild-to-severe acquired myogenic ptosis correction under local anaesthesia (LA) as day cases with resection of myotarsal (MT) flap and demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the technique. MT flap consists of 2 mm tarsal strip with attached levator complex - levator muscle, its aponeurosis, and Müller muscle. This is a retrospective personal series of 400+ patients, who underwent surgical correction with MT flap resection of 8-24 mm under LA mostly as day cases...
March 15, 2018: Orbit
Vladimir D Mendelevich
This article examines the psychiatric and political issues surrounding the case of the controversial Russian performance artist Pyotr Pavlensky, who received a number of court-ordered psychiatric evaluations as part of the legal actions initiated subsequent to his political protest actions. The author presents the results of his own clinical investigation into Pavlensky's case, arguing that previous diagnoses made by psychiatrists were unwarranted and unreasonable. This case draws the attention of experts to a problem: the need for more accurate criteria for the differentiation of behavioral disorders from behavior understood locally as socially-deviant...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Mikko Kärmeniemi, Tiina Lankila, Tiina Ikäheimo, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Raija Korpelainen
Background: Physical inactivity is a global problem that increases the risk of many chronic diseases and shortens life expectancy. The built environment contributes to physical inactivity through accessibility of amenities and transportation patterns. With better urban planning, cities could be designed to enhance active transportation and population health on a permanent basis. Purpose: We conducted a systematic review to identify determinants of the built environment associated with physical activity and to evaluate how changes in the built environment are associated with changes in physical activity...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Lopa Patel, Rana Das Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
José Mansano Bauman, João Gabriel Silva Souza, Claudiana Donato Bauman, Flávia Martão Flório
The scope of this study was to characterize malocclusion in 12-year-old Brazilian children and identify associated socio-demographic aspects. It is a cross-sectional and analytical study based on an Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010). A sample of 5,539 was included, among which 41% had some degree of malocclusion according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Descriptive, bivariate and multiple multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted. Defined malocclusion was greater among those who rated their oral health as neither satisfied/nor dissatisfied (OR 1...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ana Paula Rebouças, Cristiane Baccin Bendo, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Elizabeth Maria Bastos Lages, Carlos Flores-Mir, Saul Martins Paiva
The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the condition-specific instrument Impact of Fixed Appliances Measure (IFAM), assessing its validity and reliability for use among Brazilian children/adolescents. The IFAM was translated, back-translated, cross-culturally adapted, and pilot-tested. The Brazilian version of the IFAM (B-IFAM) was tested on 161 10-to-18-year-old children/adolescents. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha (α) and test-retest reliability by intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC)...
March 8, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Fernando Barcellos da Silva, Luiz Alexandre Chisini, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Marcos Britto Correa
Population-based studies estimating the prevalence of tooth bleaching desire or the percentage of individuals who had performed this treatment are rare. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the desire to perform tooth bleaching and the prevalence of adult individuals who had performed the treatment and investigate the association of these outcomes. A subsample (n = 536) of the 1982 Pelotas birth cohort in southern Brazil was investigated at the ages 15, 24 and 31 by clinical examinations and interviews...
March 8, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Mark L Urken, Ansley M Roche, Kimberly J Kiplagat, Eliza H Dewey, Cathy Lazarus, Ilya Likhterov, Daniel Buchbinder, Devin J Okay
BACKGROUND: Palatomaxillary defects were historically restored with a prosthetic obturator; however, advances in local and free tissue transfer has provided a viable alternative for appropriately selected patients with palatomaxillary defects. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent palatomaxillary reconstruction by the lead author between 1998 and 2016 was conducted. Patients who were restored with a palatal obturator were excluded. RESULTS: One hundred forty patients were reconstructed with a total of 159 local, regional, and free flaps with a 96...
March 14, 2018: Head & Neck
Annie Hsiao, Ashwin Pimpalwar
INTRODUCTION:  External angular dermoid cysts, or epidermoid inclusion cysts, are a common subcutaneous tumor of the head and neck. For the majority of these lesions, excision is relatively simple and performed through an incision immediately overlying the mass. Facial lesions in pediatric patients present a unique challenge in that a direct approach carries the potential for visible scar formation. OBJECTIVE:  This article aims to detail our experience with subcutaneoscopic excision of external angular dermoid cysts in pediatric patients using endoscopic instrumentation...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Marlen Sulamanidze, George Sulamanidze, Constantin Sulamanidze
INTRODUCTION: The aesthetic manifestations of the aging process in the cheekbone, cheek and infraorbital areas are especially concerning for patients, so rejuvenating interventions in these areas are most in demand. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the experience of our clinic for aesthetic manipulation using Aptos (anti-ptosis) thread lifting methods in the midface area. METHODS: Among the surgical interventions that we used were Aptos thread lifting methods both in combination with lower blepharoplasty, and without it...
March 12, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
A Llobet, N Nieto, A Damecourt, S Galmiche, M de Boutray
INTRODUCTION: The omental free flap is an effective tool for craniofacial reconstruction. However it is generally under-utilised by a large number of practitioners. This paper's goal is to increase awareness of this free flap's accessibility and to demonstrate that it can be an attractive option for reconstructive surgery. CLINICAL REPORT: This article outlines the details of a 57-year-old patient who required coverage of a fronto-parietal wound with dura mater exposure...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
T Vimont, Arnaud, A Rouffet, J-P Giot, A S Florczak, P Rousseau
BACKGROUND: Preserving the integrity of the eyelid margin in eyelid reconstruction remains a challenge for plastic surgeons. In 1976, Hübner described a technique to repair full-thickness eyelid defects using a tarsomarginal graft covered with a local flap. This simple technique addresses both functional and aesthetic requirements of eyelid reconstruction by using tissue from the contralateral eyelid. The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate role of this uncommon technique in eyelid reconstruction...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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