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Aesthetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651119/experimental-ultrasonic-characterization-of-polyester-based-materials-for-cultural-heritage-applications
#1
Andres Arciniegas, Loic Martinez, Arnaud Briand, Sophie Prieto, Stéphane Serfaty, Nicolas Wilkie-Chancellier
For several years, the Réunion des musées nationaux - Grand-Palais has produced polyester resin reproductions in order to replace marble sculptures that have weakened by outdoor exposure. These objects are made of a complex multilayered polyester composite material including reinforcements to ensure the mechanical strength of the final structure and mineral fillers that allow to imitate the original aesthetics. However, the final structure also weakens because of constant outdoor exposure and ageing. This observation leads today to conduct research related to the structural health monitoring of reproductions for preventive conservation of cultural heritage...
June 17, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650997/disambiguating-authenticity-interpretations-of-value-and-appeal
#2
Kieran O'Connor, Glenn R Carroll, Balázs Kovács
While shaping aesthetic judgment and choice, socially constructed authenticity takes on some very different meanings among observers, consumers, producers and critics. Using a theoretical framework positing four distinct meanings of socially constructed authenticity-type, moral, craft, and idiosyncratic-we aim to document empirically the unique appeal of each type. We develop predictions about the relationships between attributed authenticity and corresponding increases in the value ascribed to it through: (1) consumer value ratings, (2) willingness to pay, and (3) behavioral choice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650705/current-and-emerging-treatments-for-postsurgical-cleft-lip-scarring-effectiveness-and-mechanisms
#3
E Papathanasiou, C A Trotman, A R Scott, T E Van Dyke
Cleft lip with or without cleft palate is the most common congenital malformation of the head and the third-most common birth defect. Surgical repair of the lip is the only treatment and is usually performed during the first year of life. Hypertrophic scar (HTS) formation is a frequent postoperative complication that impairs soft tissue form, function, or movement. Multiple lip revision operations are often required throughout childhood, attempting to optimize aesthetics and function. The mechanisms guiding HTS formation are multifactorial and complex...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649114/technological-nocturne-the-lisbon-industrial-institute-and-romantic-engineering-1849-1888
#4
Tiago Saraiva, Ana Cardoso De Matos
This article explores technology as romantic culture in the second half of the nineteenth century. It details how new urban nocturnal experiences emerged from the Lisbon Industrial Institute (Instituto Industrial) founded in 1852. It combines the interest in the space of science production, typical of history of science and science studies, with the attention to production and consumption of lighting more commonly found in history of technology and urban history literature. Engineers' practices are put in a cultural continuum with poetry, opera, and modern city life at large...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648958/use-of-a-three-dimensional-custom-made-porous-titanium-prosthesis-for-mandibular-body-reconstruction
#5
Q Qassemyar, N Assouly, S Temam, F Kolb
The progress made in recent years in the field of head and neck bone reconstruction is directly related to technological advancements made in computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and three-dimensional printing in particular. Today these technologies are mainly used in mandibular reconstruction to manufacture aids for harvesting and shaping bone flaps. However problems remain when addressing patients with a contraindication to microsurgery who need extensive bone reconstruction. For these patients who cannot benefit from vascularized bone grafts, surgeons have to find alternative solutions aimed at maintaining best function and aesthetics...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646889/apps-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-quality-features-and-behaviour-change-techniques
#6
Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Amanda L Rebar, Melanie Hayman, Nicola A Bray, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Jens-Peter Gnam, Philip Bachert, Artur Direito, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: The number of commercial apps to improve health behaviours in children is growing rapidly. While this provides opportunities for promoting health, the content and quality of apps targeting children and adolescents is largely unexplored. This review systematically evaluated the content and quality of apps to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents, and examined relationships of app quality ratings with number of app features and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645699/the-forgotten-artist-why-to-consider-intentions-and-interaction-in-a-model-of-aesthetic-experience-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645271/association-of-stress-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-with-subjective-oral-health-status-and-oral-functions-in-korean-adults-aged-35%C3%A2-years-or-more
#8
Young Sun Kim, Han-Na Kim, Jung-Ha Lee, Se-Yeon Kim, Eun-Joo Jun, Jin-Bom Kim
BACKGROUND: Oral health greatly affects well-being throughout the different stages of life from childhood to late adulthood. Loss of teeth due to poor oral health hinders mastication, leading to poor nutrition absorption, and affects pronunciation and aesthetics, leading to interpersonal difficulties. As social activities become limited, a sense of isolation and loneliness, stress, and depression grows while happiness decreases. This study aimed to examine the association of stress, depression, and suicidal ideation with oral health status and oral functions in a large nationwide sample of Korean adults aged 35 years or more...
June 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645122/survey-on-aesthetic-vulvovaginal-procedures-what-do-portuguese-doctors-and-medical-students-think
#9
Pedro Vieira-Baptista, Joana Lima-Silva, José Fonseca-Moutinho, Virgínia Monteiro, Fernanda Águas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643824/-perioral-treatment-options-in-cosmetic-facial-surgery
#10
F Bierenbroodspot, H J Schouten, R H Schepers, J Jansma
The perioral region is unique and important in the face, both from a functional and an aesthetic point of view. There is a strong relationship between the perioral soft tissues, such as the lips and the corners of the mouth, and the underlying dentition and the jaws. Perioral ageing phenomena, such as depressed corners of the mouth, volume loss and wrinkles, can be improved, however, to a limited extent with intraoral treatment. These ageing phenomena can usually be treated more effectively with several extraoral treatment modalities that also enhance perioral aesthetics...
June 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643006/complications-of-fat-transfer-for-breast-augmentation
#11
Paraskevas Kontoes, George Gounnaris
Autologous fat grafting is quite common for breast augmentations as well as for reconstructive breast surgery. Coleman has described the surgical technique of fat grafting. Fat is harvested, and after centrifugation and refinement, blunt infiltration cannulas are used to place the fat through small incisions. The grafted tissue is placed in small aliquots with each withdrawal of the cannula. In order to achieve an aesthetically pleasing contour of the breast, the fat should be layered into different levels from the chest wall to the skin...
June 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642828/surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-a-patient-affected-by-type-1-myotonic-dystrophy-steinert-syndrome
#12
Laura Cacucci, Beatrice Ricci, Maria Moretti, Giulio Gasparini, Sandro Pelo, Cristina Grippaudo
Myotonic dystrophy, or Steinert's disease, is the most common form of muscular dystrophy that occurs in adults. This multisystemic form involves the skeletal muscles but affects also the eye, the endocrine system, the central nervous system, and the cardiac system. The weakness of the facial muscles causes a characteristic facial appearance frequently associated with malocclusions. Young people with myotonic dystrophy, who also have severe malocclusions, have bad oral functions such as chewing, breathing, and phonation...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642791/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-polidocanol-sclerotherapy-in-benign-cystic-thyroid-nodules-preliminary-results
#13
Xiaohua Gong, Qi Zhou, Fang Wang, Wenjun Wu, Xiaojun Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous polidocanol injection (PPI) in treating cystic thyroid nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 158 cystic or predominantly cystic thyroid nodules (>80% cystic component) in 143 patients were evaluated. 114 patients with compressive symptoms or aesthetic complaints were offered PPI. 44 individuals without compressive symptoms and aesthetic complaints who were only followed up clinically were used as the control group...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642551/aesthetic-preformed-crowns-for-primary-teeth
#14
Greig D Taylor
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, US National Institutes of Health Trials Register and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionEnglish language randomised clinical trials comparing APCs with conventional restorative techniques for primary teeth.Data extraction and synthesisStudy selection and data abstraction were conducted independently by two reviewers. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Study characteristics and results were described qualitatively...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#15
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641378/staff-perceptions-of-key-factors-guiding-nursing-home-search-and-selection-within-the-veterans-health-administration
#16
Edward Alan Miller, Stefanie Gidmark, Emily Gadbois, James L Rudolph, Orna Intrator
Background and Objectives: Veterans enter nursing homes (NHs) for short-term postacute, rehabilitation, respite, or end-of-life care. They also enter NHs on a long-term basis due to frailty, disability, functional deficits, and cognitive impairment. Little is known about how a particular NH is chosen once the decision to enter a NH has been made. This study identified VA staff perceptions of the key factors influencing the search and selection of NHs within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA)...
June 21, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641037/powdery-mildews-on-lilac-in-western-north-america-include-phyllactinia-syringae-sp-nov
#17
Harold J Larsen, Uwe Braun, Cheryl Blomquist, Patrick Woods, S Krishna Mohan
Two powdery mildews, Erysiphe syringae and the previously undescribed Phyllactinia syringae, sp. nov., occur on lilac in western North America. Phyllactinia syringae is found on common lilac, whereas E. syringae is found on Chinese lilac and, occasionally, common lilac. Infection by P. syringae is extremely unobtrusive until formation of a hypophyllous mycelial mat with chasmothecia in late fall. Infection by E. syringae in late summer is conspicuous, with its thick, superficial mycelial mat on the leaf upper surface detracting from the aesthetic appearance of the bush...
May 17, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639739/philosophical-aesthetics-and-cognitive-science
#18
REVIEW
Aaron Meskin, Jon Robson, Anna Ichino, Kris Goffin, Annelies Monseré
Philosophical aesthetics is the branch of philosophy which explores issues having to do with art, beauty, and related phenomena. Philosophers have often been skeptical about the place of empirical investigation in aesthetics. However, in recent years many philosophical aestheticians have turned to cognitive science to enrich their understanding of their subject matter. Cognitive scientists have, in turn, been inspired by work in philosophical aesthetics. This essay focuses on a representative subset of the areas in which there has been fruitful dialog between philosophical aestheticians and cognitive scientists...
June 22, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639069/the-application-of-3d-printing-technology-for-simultaneous-orthognathic-surgery-and-mandibular-contour-osteoplasty-in-the-treatment-of-craniofacial-deformities
#19
Yanju Xiao, Xiumei Sun, Lin Wang, Yaoyao Zhang, Kai Chen, Guomin Wu
BACKGROUND: Because of the limitation of specific preoperative design and surgical templates, orthognathic surgery and mandibular contour osteoplasty are generally performed in two stages. Three-dimensional printing technology has improved the accuracy of the surgery and results in good surgical predictability easily. This study aims to confirm the effectiveness, feasibility and precision of simultaneous mandibular contour osteoplasty and orthognathic surgery with the assistance of 3D printing technology...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639068/what-about-the-rheological-properties-of%C3%A2-prp-microfat-mixtures-in-fat-grafting-procedure
#20
R Ghazouane, B Bertrand, C Philandrianos, J Veran, M Abellan, P Francois, M Velier, C Orneto, P Piccerelle, J Magalon
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting has emerged as a reference procedure in daily plastic surgery practice. Unpredictable fat resorption is the main clinical problem. For this purpose, the addition of PRP to enhance fat revascularization is now an easy and popular procedure. However, no consensus exists regarding the respective volume of fat and PRP used to obtain the ideal mixture. This study investigated the rheological properties of microfat mixed with different proportions of PRP. Results obtained were compared with commercialized hyaluronic acid fillers...
June 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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