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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937789/identifying-dyslexia-risk-in-student-athletes-a-preliminary-protocol-for-concussion-management
#1
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
Learning disability (LD) has been identified as a potential risk factor for protracted recovery from a sport-related concussion, yet students with LD are rarely included in concussion research. Here, we draw special attention to dyslexia, a common but often underdiagnosed LD. Reading and learning problems commonly associated with dyslexia are often masked by protective factors, such as high verbal ability or general intelligence. Hence, high-achieving individuals with dyslexia may not be identified as being in a high-risk category...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937299/pediatric-playground-related-injuries-treated-in-hospital-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states
#2
Sarah L Adelson, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Christy L Collins, Gary A Smith
This study analyzed pediatric playground-related injuries data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. An estimated 5 025 440 children <18 years were treated in US emergency departments for playground-related injuries during 1990-2012, averaging 218 497 children annually. The average patient age was 6.5 years. The overall annual injury rate declined during 1990-2007 ( P < .001) and then increased during 2007-2012 ( P < .001). The climbing equipment-related injury rate remained constant during 1990-2009 and then increased during 2007-2012 ( P = ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935224/the-test-retest-reliability-of-three-computerized-neurocognitive-tests-used-in-the-assessment-of-sport-concussion
#3
Jacob E Resch, Mathew Schneider, C Munro Cullum
Computerized neurocognitive tests (CNTs) are widely used at all competitive levels of sport to assess sport concussion (SC). Whereas there are multiple CNTs available, little is known about how some of the most popular platforms compare. The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM), Concussion Vital Signs (CVS) and the Immediate Postconcussion and Cognitive Testing battery (ImPACT) using clinically relevant time points in healthy college-age participants...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933327/concussion-in-sports-what-trauma-orthopedic-surgeons-need-to-know
#4
A Gänsslen, T Neubauer, W Krutsch
Concussion in sport is often underdiagnosed with the potential risk of long-term sequelae. This article presents the mechanisms, the underlying pathophysiology and typical primary signs and symptoms. The recognition and resulting medical measures including the present recommendations and decisions on return to play are described. The majority of patients with concussion present with clinical and cognitive symptoms only for short time intervals. As a rule a complete subjective recovery is observed within a few hours or days...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933193/examining-a-statewide-educational-consulting-program-for-pediatric-brain-injury
#5
Rachel K Myers, Brenda L Eagan-Brown, Alexandra T Conway, Drew A Nagele, Monica J Vaccaro, Sadiqa Kendi, Mark R Zonfrillo
This study describes characteristics of students with acquired brain injury enrolled in a statewide educational consultation program and the program's support activities. Utilizing deidentified data from a statewide brain injury school consultation program, descriptive analyses of demographic and injury characteristics, including medical diagnosis (concussion/mild traumatic brain injury [TBI], moderate-severe TBI, and non-TBI), referral characteristics, educational placement, and the types of program activities were undertaken...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930492/time-trends-in-concussion-symptom-presentation-and-assessment-methods-in-high-school-athletes
#6
Dustin W Currie, Matthew J Kraeutler, John B Schrock, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Concussion rates have increased significantly over the past decade. This may reflect an increase in the knowledge and diagnosis of the symptoms of a concussion rather than a true increase in the incidence. Assessing trends in the way that concussions are presenting to and being identified by clinicians over the same period may provide additional insight into the apparent rise in concussions. PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic/evaluation methods, and symptom resolution time reported for United States high school athletes from the 2007-2008 through 2014-2015 academic years...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927725/sex-differences-in-sport-related-concussion-long-term-outcomes
#7
Tracey Covassin, Jennifer Savage, Abby Bretzin, Meghan Lafevor
Approximately 1.6 to 3.8 million recreational and sports-related concussions (SRC) occur each year in the Unites States. Research suggest that female athletes are at a greater risk for a SRC compared to male athletes competing in comparable sports (i.e., soccer, basketball). Moreover, female athletes have reported more total symptoms and greater neurocognitive impairments following a SRC. Female athletes have been found to report greater symptom provocation as measured by the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS), and increased brain activation compared to males...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927553/self-report-balance-status-is-not-reliable-post-concussion
#8
EDITORIAL
Gordon S Waddington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926944/coach-cv-the-seven-clinical-phenotypes-of-concussion
#9
Neil Craton, Haitham Ali, Stephane Lenoski
Our understanding of the diverse physiological manifestations of concussion is changing rapidly. This has an influence on the clinical assessment of patients who have sustained a concussion. The 2017 Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport states that numerous post-injury clinical findings, such as cognitive deficits, post-traumatic headaches, dizziness, difficulties with oculomotor function, and depression have all been associated with a poorer prognosis in concussed patients. This demonstrates that there are several potential clinical manifestations after head injury warranting clinical evaluation...
September 16, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926482/is-there-an-optimal-time-to-initiate-an-active-rehabilitation-protocol-for-concussion-management-in-children-a-case-series
#10
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle J Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the time frame during which initiating an active rehabilitation intervention (aerobic exercise, balance, and sport specific skills) after concussion contributed to improvement in symptoms at follow-up in children and adolescents who are slow to recover (symptoms persisting beyond 2 weeks) from concussion. SETTING: Concussion clinic at a tertiary care pediatric teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 677 children and adolescents with concussion aged 7 to 18 years...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925734/a-pilot-treatment-study-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-neuroimaging-changes-detected-by-meg-after-low-intensity-pulse-based-transcranial-electrical-stimulation
#11
Ming-Xiong Huang, Ashley Robb Swan, Annemarie Angeles Quinto, Scott Matthews, Deborah L Harrington, Sharon Nichols, Barry J Bruder, Corey C Snook, Charles W Huang, Dewleen G Baker, Roland R Lee
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained impairments in military service members, Veterans, and civilians. However, few treatments are available for mTBI, partially because the mechanism of persistent mTBI deficits is not fully understood. METHODS: We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate neuronal changes in individuals with mTBI following a passive neurofeedback-based treatment programme called IASIS. This programme involved applying low-intensity pulses using transcranial electrical stimulation (LIP-tES) with electroencephalography monitoring...
September 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924170/the-tyrosine-phosphatase-ptpn13-fap-1-links-calpain-2-tbi-and-tau-tyrosine-phosphorylation
#12
Yubin Wang, Randy A Hall, Moses Lee, Andysheh Kamgar-Parsi, Xiaoning Bi, Michel Baudry
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Calpain activation and tau hyperphosphorylation have been implicated in both TBI and AD. However, the link between calpain and tau phosphorylation has not been fully identified. We recently discovered that the two major calpain isoforms in the brain, calpain-1 and calpain-2, play opposite functions in synaptic plasticity and neuronal survival/death, which may be related to their different C-terminal PDZ binding motifs. Here, we identify the tyrosine phosphatase PTPN13 as a key PDZ binding partner of calpain-2...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924145/a-novel-mouse-model-of-traumatic-optic-neuropathy-using-external-ultrasound-energy-to-achieve-focal-indirect-optic-nerve-injury
#13
Wensi Tao, Galina Dvoriantchikova, Brian C Tse, Steven Pappas, Tsung-Han Chou, Manuel Tapia, Vittorio Porciatti, Dmitry Ivanov, David T Tse, Daniel Pelaez
Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is a devastating cause of permanent visual loss following blunt injury to the head. Animal models for TON exist, but most fail to recapitulate the clinical scenario of closed head indirect trauma to the nerve and subsequent neurodegeneration. Thus, we developed a clinically-relevant animal model for TON using a novel ultrasonic pulse injury modality (sonication-induced TON; SI-TON). To trigger TON, a microtip probe sonifier was placed on the supraorbital ridge directly above the entrance of the optic nerve into the bony canal...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919268/depression-and-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#14
Antoine Yrondi, David Brauge, Johanne LeMen, Christophe Arbus, Jérémie Pariente
CONTEXT: Head injuries are risk factors for chronic depressive disorders, but this association remains poorly explored with regards to concussion. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the incidence of depressive symptoms and depression after sports-related concussion. We also endeavored to identify the response elements regarding the pathophysiology of these symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase was conducted focusing on papers published until 1st December, 2016, according to PRISMA criteria The following MESH terms were used: (concussion or traumatic brain injury) and sport and (depression or depressive disorder)...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919121/the-utility-of-instrumented-dual-task-gait-and-tablet-based-neurocognitive-measurements-after-concussion
#15
David R Howell, Alexandra Stillman, Thomas A Buckley, Brant Berkstresser, Francis Wang, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVES: Quantitative and non-invasive measurements acquired by neurocognitive or gait evaluations are useful concussion management components. Emerging technology has allowed for the development of portable and objective tests which may be potentially useful across many settings where evaluations take place. Our aim was to examine the association between instrumented dual-task gait and tablet-based neurocognitive outcome variables with an acute concussion. DESIGN: A total of 59 collegiate athletes were identified and tested within 5days of concussion (n=18, 50% female, 20±1years of age) or as a part of a baseline examination (n=41, 29% female, 19±1years of age)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918391/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-the-risk-of-concussion-in-1056-college-athletes-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Thomas Roland Terrell, Ruth Abramson, Jeffery T Barth, Ellen Bennett, Robert C Cantu, Richard Sloane, Daniel T Laskowitz, David M Erlanger, Douglas McKeag, Gregory Nichols, Verle Valentine, Leslie Galloway
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms APOE, APOE G-219T promoter, microtubule associated protein(MAPT)/tau exon 6 Ser(53)Pro, MAPT/tau Hist(47)Tyr, IL-6572 G/C and IL-6R(Asp)358(Ala) with the risk of concussion in college athletes. METHODS: A 23-centre prospective cohort study of 1056 college athletes with genotyping was completed between August 2003 and December 2012. All athletes completed baseline medical and concussion questionnaires, and post-concussion data were collected for athletes with a documented concussion...
September 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918117/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-high-school-football-player-with-familial-hemiplegic-migraine-a-case-report
#17
Manisha R Chand, Sumit Kanwar, Evan Peck
Mild traumatic brain injury is a major concern in young athletes, with an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million reported concussions in the US annually. Familial hemiplegic migraine is a rare autosomal-dominant condition characterized by sporadic episodes of transient unilateral motor weakness which may begin at any age. We present a case of a 17-year-old male with a history of familial hemiplegic migraine who suffered prolonged symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury during sports participation.
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916167/structural-neuroimaging-in-sport-related-concussion
#18
Erin D Bigler
Structural neuroimaging of athletes who have sustained a sports-related concussion (SRC) can be viewed as either standard clinical imaging or with advanced neuroimaging methods that quantitatively assess brain structure. Negative findings from conventional computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the norm in SRC. Nonetheless, these conventional measures remain the first line of neuroimaging of the athlete as they do detect clinically significant pathologies, when present, such as hemorrhagic abnormalities in the form of hematomas, contusions and mircobleeds along with regions of focal encephalomalacia or other signal abnormalities, with CT best capable of detecting skull fractures...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914886/multiple-sclerosis-concussion-during-adolescence-linked-to-increased-risk-of-ms
#19
Peter Sidaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904161/domestic-violence-concussion-injuries-and-the-imaging-professional-s-role-in-identifying-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Janet Patton Foushee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiologic Technology
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