keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Concussion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150146/annual-trends-in-follow-up-visits-for-pediatric-concussion-in-emergency-departments-and-physicians-offices
#1
Liraz Fridman, Michal Scolnik, Alison Macpherson, Linda Rothman, Astrid Guttmann, Anne M Grool, Daniel Rodriguez Duque, Roger L Zemek
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether children and youth with concussion receive follow-up visits in accordance with the recommended guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective, population-based study using linked health administrative data from all concussion-related visits to emergency department and physician offices by children aged 5 through 18 years (range, 5.00-18.99) in Ontario between 2003 and 2013. We analyzed the percentage of children and youth seen for follow-up...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149800/longitudinal-improvement-in-balance-error-scoring-system-scores-among-ncaa-division-i-football-athletes
#2
Ross E Mathiasen, Christopher P Hogrefe, Kari K Harland, Andrew Peterson, Kyle Smoot
INTRODUCTION: The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) is a commonly used concussion assessment tool. Recent studies have questioned the stability and reliability of baseline BESS scores. The purpose of this longitudinal prospective cohort study is to examine differences in yearly baseline BESS scores in athletes participating on an NCAA Division-I football team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NCAA Division-I freshman football athletes were videotaped performing the BESS test at matriculation and following one year of participation in the football program...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149393/challenges-in-minor-tbi-and-indications-for-head-ct-in-pediatric-tbi-an-update
#3
Navneet Singh, Ash Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric head trauma is one of the commonest presentations to emergency departments. Over 90% of such head injuries are considered mild, but still present risk acute clinical deterioration and longer term morbidity. Identifying which children are at risk of clinically important brain injuries remains challenging and much of the data on minor head injuries is based on the adult population. CHALLENGES IN PEDIATRICS: Children, however, are different, both anatomically and in terms of mechanism of injury, to adults and, even within the pediatric group, there are differences with age and stage of development...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149392/when-in-doubt-sit-it-out-pediatric-concussion-an-update
#4
Julia Morrow Kerrigan, Christopher C Giza
Concussion is a major public health issue that has received much publicity in recent years. Reported concussions are increasing across all ages, including the highest rates in pediatric age ranges. Due to the age-related physiological responses and differential recovery of symptoms after concussion, special consideration must be given to youth concussions. Concussion can affect each child differently and likely affects children differently than adults. Until the past decade, there has been a scarcity of scientifically rigorous studies examining concussions in children...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149385/pre-clinical-models-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-challenges-and-lessons-learned
#5
REVIEW
Patrick M Kochanek, Jessica S Wallisch, Hülya Bayır, Robert S B Clark
PURPOSE: Despite the enormity of the problem and the lack of new therapies, research in the pre-clinical arena specifically using pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) models is limited. In this review, some of the key models addressing both the age spectrum of pediatric TBI and its unique injury mechanisms will be highlighted. Four topics will be addressed, namely, (1) unique facets of the developing brain important to TBI model development, (2) a description of some of the most commonly used pre-clinical models of severe pediatric TBI including work in both rodents and large animals, (3) a description of the pediatric models of mild TBI and repetitive mild TBI that are relatively new, and finally (4) a discussion of challenges, gaps, and potential future directions to further advance work in pediatric TBI models...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147822/psychiatric-sequelae-of-concussions
#6
REVIEW
David A Brent, Jeffrey Max
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the frequency, risk factors, phenomenology, and course of prolonged recovery from concussion and of psychiatric sequelae in pediatric populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Youth with prolonged recovery from concussions have higher initial symptoms, a history of multiple and/or recent concussions, and a tendency to somatization. Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, behavioral disorders, and perhaps, suicidal behavior disorder are more common as both short- and longer-term sequelae of concussions...
November 17, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#7
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144026/heart-rate-variability-and-implication-for-sport-concussion
#8
REVIEW
Scott A Bishop, Ryan T Dech, Przemyslaw Guzik, J Patrick Neary
Finding sensitive and specific markers for sports-related concussion is both challenging and clinically important. Such biomarkers might be helpful in the management of patients with concussion (i.e. diagnosis, monitoring and risk prediction). Among many parameters, blood flow-pressure metrics and heart rate variability (HRV) have been used to gauge concussion outcomes. Reports on the relation between HRV and both acute and prolonged concussion recovery are conflicting. While some authors report on differences in the low-frequency (LF) component of HRV during postural manipulations and postexercise conditions, others observe no significant differences in various HRV measures...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140129/calling-injury-timeouts-for-the-medical-evaluation-of-concussion-determinants-of-collegiate-football-officials-behavior
#9
Emily Kroshus, John Parsons, Brian Hainline
CONTEXT:   Sports officials can play an important role in concussion safety by calling injury timeouts so that athletic trainers can evaluate athletes with possible concussions. Understanding the determinants of whether officials call an injury timeout when they suspect a concussion has important implications for the design of interventions that better support officials in this role. OBJECTIVE:   To assess the knowledge of US collegiate football officials about concussion symptoms and to determine the associations between knowledge, perceived injunctive norms, and self-efficacy and calling injury timeouts for suspected concussions in athletes...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140128/lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-after-concussion-recovery-in-high-school-athletes
#10
Robert C Lynall, Timothy C Mauntel, Ryan T Pohlig, Zachary Y Kerr, Thomas P Dompier, Eric E Hall, Thomas A Buckley
CONTEXT:   Although an association between concussion and musculoskeletal injury has been described in collegiate and professional athletes, no researchers have investigated an association in younger athletes. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if concussion in high school athletes increased the risk for lower extremity musculoskeletal injury after return to activity. DESIGN:   Observational cohort study. SETTING:   One hundred ninety-six high schools across 26 states...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139355/-post-concussion-syndrome-is-a-neuro-cognitive-condition
#11
EDITORIAL
Line Kirstine Hauptmann, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is often caused by an uncomplicated mild head injury but followed by long-lasting somatic, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. For many years PCS has been an area of controversy between clinicians. New diagnostic techniques and clinical researches has shed light to some neurobiological aspects behind PCS. In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V PCS is redefined as a neuro-cognitive condition emphasizing the importance of neuropsychological deficits among these patients...
November 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139130/less-cortical-thickness-in-patients-with-persistent-post-traumatic-headache-compared-with-healthy-controls-an-mri-study
#12
Catherine D Chong, Visar Berisha, Chia-Chun Chiang, Katherine Ross, Todd J Schwedt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in cortical thickness in patients with persistent post-traumatic headache (PPTH) relative to healthy controls and to interrogate whether cortical morphology relates to headache burden (headache frequency, years with post-traumatic headache, PTH) in patients with PPTH. BACKGROUND: PTHs are one of the most common symptoms following concussion. In some patients, PTHs continue for longer than three months and are classified as PPTH...
November 15, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138991/test-retest-reliability-and-interpretation-of-common-concussion-assessment-tools-findings-from-the-ncaa-dod-care-consortium
#13
Steven P Broglio, Barry P Katz, Shi Zhao, Michael McCrea, Thomas McAllister
BACKGROUND: Concussion diagnosis is typically made through clinical examination and supported by performance on clinical assessment tools. Performance on commonly implemented and emerging assessment tools is known to vary between administrations, in the absence of concussion. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of commonly implemented and emerging concussion assessment tools across a large nationally representative sample of student-athletes. METHODS: Participants (n = 4874) from the Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education Consortium completed annual baseline assessments on two or three occasions...
November 14, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138745/spontaneous-nervous-system-concussion-in-dogs-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-terminology-in-veterinary-medicine
#14
Angelo Pasquale Giannuzzi, Antonio De Simone, Mario Ricciardi
In human medicine, central nervous system (CNS) concussion is defined as a transient neurological dysfunction following a traumatic event, without evidence of structural abnormalities of the affected region on advanced diagnostic imaging. Depending on the anatomical region involved, three forms of concussive syndromes are described: brain concussion, spinal concussion and cerebellar concussion. Although major textbooks of veterinary neurology admit the existence of canine brain concussion, spontaneous cases of this pathological condition have not been reported in small animals so far...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138156/return-to-learn-after-concussion-in-children
#15
Andrew Irvine, Shelina Babul, Ran D Goldman
Question Despite recent interest in the pathophysiology and management of concussion in children, as well as the ongoing concern about return to activity, advice regarding the type and length of cognitive rest has been inconsistent. What should I recommend to the children and adolescents in my clinic regarding cognitive rest following mild concussion? Answer Strict cognitive rest is not needed in those with mild concussion. Evidence suggests a decrease in usual activity to a level that allows children to remain asymptomatic, followed by a gradual return to learning, is appropriate...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137029/neural-reorganization-between-injured-cingula-and-the-brainstem-cholinergic-nuclei-in-a-patient-with-cerebral-concussion-a-case-report
#16
Sung Ho Jang, Young Hyeon Kwon
RATIONALE: We report on a patient who showed neural reorganization between injured cingula and the brainstem cholinergic nuclei following cerebral concussion. PATIENT CONCERNS: The main concern of the patient is memory impairment. DIAGNOSES: Cerebral concussion. OUTCOMES: When she visited our hospital at 2 years after onset, cognitive function was evaluated using 2 scales; the Wechsler Intelligence Scale, and the Seoul neuropsychological screening battery: total IQ 97, verbal immediate recall 5...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135640/neuromechanical-considerations-for-postconcussion-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-management
#17
Gary B Wilkerson, Dustin R Grooms, Shellie N Acocello
Recent epidemiological studies have documented increased susceptibility to musculoskeletal injury after sport-related concussion, which raises questions about the adequacy of current clinical practices to ensure safe return to sport. A growing body of evidence derived from advanced neuroimaging and neurological assessment methods strongly suggests that mild traumatic brain injury has long-lasting adverse effects that persist beyond resolution of clinical symptoms. Plausible interrelationships among postconcussion changes in brain structure and function support the rationale for specific methods of clinical assessment and training to target the interaction of cognitive and motor function for reduction of musculoskeletal injury risk after concussion...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135276/effects-of-the-new-york-state-concussion-management-and-awareness-act-lystedt-law-on-concussion-related-emergency-health-care-utilization-among-adolescents-2005-2015
#18
David R Baker, Erin R Kulick, Amelia K Boehme, James M Noble
BACKGROUND: All states have enacted legislation addressing the management of sports-related concussions (SRCs) in adolescent athletes. The effect of these laws on health care utilization is uncertain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate the effects of New York's 2011 Concussion Management and Awareness Act ("Lystedt Law") on emergency department (ED) concussion health care visits (EDCHVs) and brain imaging utilization. It was hypothesized that New York concussion legislation would have a significant temporal effect on EDCHVs...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132269/correlation-of-concussion-symptom-profile-with-head-impact-biomechanics-a-case-for-individual-specific-injury-tolerance
#19
Steven Rowson, Stefan M Duma, Brian D Stemper, Alok S Shah, Jason Mihalik, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Larry D Riggen, Christopher C Giza, John DiFiori, Alison Brooks, Kevin K Guskiewicz, Darren Campbell, Jerry McGinty, Steve Svoboda, Ken Cameron, Steven P Broglio, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea
Concussion is a brain injury induced by biomechanical forces that is broadly defined as a complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain. The intricate link between biomechanical input and concussion injury response is poorly understood. We aimed to test the hypothesis that greater biomechanical forces would result in the presentation of more concussion-related symptoms that would take longer to resolve. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between an array of biomechanical parameters measured for concussive impacts and the presentation and resolution of concussion symptoms...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132071/reliability-of-clinically-feasible-dual-task-tests-expanded-timed-get-up-and-go-test-as-a-motor-task-on-young-healthy-individuals
#20
Kaori Tamura, Morgan Kocher, Liana Finer, Nathan Murata, Christopher Stickley
Dual-Task testing has been reported to have a higher sensitivity to deficits associated with concussion; however, the feasibility as a clinical or field test is questionable due to the requirements of laboratory-based equipment. With an overarching goal of exploration of clinically feasible Dual-Task testing options, the specific aims of this study were 1) to evaluate the reliability of Dual-Task testing methods using the Expanded Timed Get-Up-and-Go (ETGUG) paired with Backward Digit Recall (BDR), Serial Seven (SS), and Auditory Pure Switch Task (APST), and 2) to determine the effects of Dual-Task testing on motor and cognitive performance in healthy college-aged individuals...
November 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
keyword
keyword
557
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"