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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673905/-cardiovascular-adverse-effects-of-antimuscarinics-used-in-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-in-the-elderly-a-review
#1
C Chesnel, A Charlanes, C Hentzen, N Turmel, X Biardeau, C Brochard, S Campagne, G Capon, X Deffieux, B Fatton, X Gamé, R Haddad, C Jeandel, J Kerdraon, P Manceau, P Mares, M Mezzadri, P Mongiat-Artus, A-C Petit, B Peyronnet, J-M Soler, C Thuillier, J-M Vetel, G Robain, G Amarenco
AIM: The aim of this study was to review the evidence regarding the cardiovascular effects of urinary anticholinergic drugs in the elderly. METHODS: A literature review was conducted in October 2017 using the Medline/Pubmed database limiting the search to works in English or French. RESULTS: In total, 602 articles between March 1964 and October 2017 have been reported, 60 studies were analyzed, 19 were prospective trials. Geriatric population has a high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (24...
April 16, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672409/association-of-preoperative-anticholinergic-medication-exposure-with-postoperative-healthcare-resource-use-and-outcomes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Daniel I McIsaac, Coralie A Wong, Deric Diep, Carl van Walraven
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the association of preoperative anticholinergic exposure with length of stay (LOS) and other outcomes in older people having elective noncardiac surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Anticholinergic medications are associated with adverse events in nonsurgical populations; the association of anticholinergic medications with outcomes in elective surgery patients is poorly described. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study using linked administrative data in Ontario, Canada...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671539/evaluation-of-suspected-dementia
#3
Nathan Falk, Ariel Cole, T Jason Meredith
Dementia is a significant and costly health condition that affects 5 million adults and is the fifth leading cause of death among Americans older than 65 years. The prevalence of dementia will likely increase in the future because the number of Americans older than 65 years is expected to double by 2060. Risk factors for dementia include age; family history of dementia; personal history of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, or midlife obesity; use of anticholinergic medications; apolipoprotein E4 genotype; and lower education level...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671033/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-onabotulinumtoxin-a-as-first-line-treatment-for-overactive-bladder
#4
Jonathan P Shepherd, Charelle M Carter-Brooks, Christopher Chermanksy
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To determine if Onabotulinumtoxin A (Botox®) should be offered as a first-line therapy for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB), even before prescribing anticholinergics. METHODS: We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis modeling the following clinical options: no treatment, non-selective anticholinergics, selective anticholinergics, and Botox®. The model timeframe was 2 years to allow Botox® reinjection and discontinuation of anticholinergics...
April 18, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664239/evaluation-of-usefulness-of-propiverine-hydrochloride-in-poor-responders-to-previous-anticholinergics
#5
Naoya Masumori, Yuya Funato, Yasunobu Yamaguchi, Kunio Itoh
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, some patients have been unresponsive to anticholinergics used in the treatment of pollakisuria/urinary incontinence. It has been suggested that propiverine hydrochloride, which has not only anticholinergic activity, but also calcium antagonistic activity, may be useful in poor responders to other anticholinergics. In this study, a specific drug use-results survey was conducted in poor responders to other anticholinergics to evaluate the usefulness of propiverine hydrochloride...
May 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661670/-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-treated-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-or-other-bronchodilators-study-pneumocort
#6
Rosa Morros, Cristina Vedia, Maria Giner-Soriano, Aina Casellas, Ester Amado, Jose Miguel Baena
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the risk of pneumonia and/or exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who receive treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (CI), in comparison with those who are not treated with inhaled corticosteroids (NCI). To estimate the risk of pneumonia according to CI dose. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Primary Healthcare. Institut Català de la Salut. PARTICIPANTS: Patients ≥45 years-old diagnosed with COPD between 2007 and 2009 in the Information System for Research in Primary Care (SIDIAP)...
April 13, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653183/atropa-belladonna-neurotoxicity-implications-to-neurological-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Gunnar F Kwakye, Jennifer Jiménez, Jessica A Jiménez, Michael Aschner
Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, ranks among one of the most poisonous plants in Europe and other parts of the world. The plant contains tropane alkaloids, including atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine, which are used as anticholinergics in Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs and homeopathic remedies. These alkaloids can be very toxic at high dose. The FDA has recently reported that Hyland's baby teething tablets contain inconsistent amounts of Atropa belladonna that may have adverse effects on the nervous system and cause death in children, thus recalled the product in 2017...
April 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650193/inhalation-with-bronchodilator-combination-effective-in-reducing-length-of-hospital-stay-in-children-with-pneumonia
#8
Rahma Annisa, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the correlation between inhalation therapy and length of hospital stay in children under age of five with pneumonia. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 102 consecutive patients (secondary data) with pneumonia. The patients were divided depending on the type of therapy they received: Group I used inhalation therapy with bronchodilator β-agonist + NaCl 0,9%, Group II used inhalation therapy with bronchodilator β-agonist and anticholinergic + NaCl 0,9%, Group III used inhalation therapy with NaCl 0,9%, and Group IV used no inhalation therapy...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644803/prevalence-risk-factors-and-adverse-outcomes-of-anticholinergic-burden-in-patients-with-advanced-chronic-conditions-at-hospital-admission
#9
Daniel Sevilla-Sánchez, Núria Molist-Brunet, Javier González-Bueno, Núria Solà-Bonada, Joan Espaulella-Panicot, Carles Codina-Jané
AIM: To evaluate the anticholinergic burden (ACB), the risk factors associated with its onset and the clinical consequences for patients with advanced chronic conditions. METHODS: A 10-month cross-sectional study was carried out in an acute hospital care geriatric unit. Patients with advanced chronic conditions were identified by the NECessity of PALliative care (NECPAL) test. The ACB was established using the Anticholinergic Drug Scale and Drug Burden Index (DBI) tools...
April 11, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642720/use-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-people-with-dementia-in-vietnam-and-its-associated-factors
#10
Tuan Anh Nguyen, Thang Pham, Huyen Thi Thanh Vu, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Trinh Thi Vu, Binh Thi Thanh Nguyen, Ngoc Quynh Nguyen, Binh Thanh Nguyen, Binh Thanh Nguyen, Tam Ngoc Nguyen, Sinh Viet Phan, Anh Trung Nguyen, Tuan Le Pham, Ha Thu Dang, Lisa Kalisch-Ellett, Marianne Gillam, Nicole Pratt, Sun Qiang, Haipeng Wang, Tipaporn Kanjanarach, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Asrenee Ab Razak, Dujrudee Chinwong, Elizabeth E Roughead
This study examined the use of potentially inappropriate medicines that may affect cognition (PIMcog) in people with dementia and its associated factors. Medical records of all outpatients with dementia attending a tertiary hospital in Vietnam between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016, were examined. Medicine use was assessed against a list of PIMcog. Variables associated with having a PIMcog were assessed using a multiple logistic regression. Of the 128 patients, 41% used a PIMcog, 39.1% used cholinesterase inhibitors (CEIs) concomitantly with anticholinergics, and 18% used antipsychotics...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642692/noncardiac-chest-pain-a-2018-update
#11
Marilena Durazzo, Giuseppe Gargiulo, Rinaldo Pellicano
Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is defined as recurring, angina-like, chest pain of noncardiac origin. Studies have estimated that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common contributing factor for NCCP. In patients with non-GERD related NCCP, esophageal motility disorders, and functional chest pain (FCP) of presumed esophageal origin are the main underlying mechanisms for symptoms. Epidemiologic studies show a high prevalence of panic disorder, anxiety and major depression in NCCP patients. The diagnostic esophageal workup starts only after that cardiac and pulmonary diseases have been ruled out...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629403/effectiveness-of-umeclidinium-vilanterol-for-protocolized-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbation-in-hospitalized-patients-a-sequential-period-analysis
#12
Todd W Chapin, Michael A Mann, Gary L Brown, Traci L Leitheiser, Becky Anderson, David D Leedahl
Background: Bronchodilator therapy is a foundation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation treatment. Although international guidelines recommend short-acting formulations given multiple times per day, long-acting formulations have not been adequately evaluated. The objective of our study was to determine the effectiveness of umeclidinium-vilanterol (UME/VIL), long-acting beta2-agonist/long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LABA/LAMA) as a once-daily alternative for treating COPD exacerbations in hospitalized patients...
January 24, 2018: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628850/development-of-postoperative-central-anticholinergic-syndrome-due-to-low-dose-intravenous-fentanyl
#13
Hojae Cho, Jiyeon Kim
A 37-year-old female patient, 57 kg and 160 cm, underwent laparoscopic appendectomy. In the recovery room, fentanyl 100 mcg was intravenously administered for pain control. Three minutes after the administration, the patient developed intense and uncontrolled myoclonus, lower limb rigidity, agitation, aphasia, and periocular and neck swelling. The myoclonus and rigidity were suspected to be due to the opioid administration, and thus, naloxone was administered, but the symptoms were not improved. The patient's symptoms continued until the patient received administration of physostigmine...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627920/advances-in-pharmacotherapy-of-late-life-depression
#14
REVIEW
John L Beyer, Kim G Johnson
This paper reviews recent research on late-life depression (LLD) pharmacotherapy, focusing on updated information for monotherapy and augmentation treatments. We then review new research on moderators of clinical response and how to use the information for improved efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: A recent review shows that sertraline, paroxetine, and duloxetine were superior to placebo for the treatment of LLD. There is concern that paroxetine could have adverse outcomes in the geriatric population due to anticholinergic properties; however, studies show no increases in mortality, dementia risk, or cognitive measures...
April 7, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625926/oral-pharmacologic-management-of-overactive-bladder-syndrome-where-do-we-stand
#15
REVIEW
Tom Marcelissen, Tina Rashid, Tiago Antunes Lopes, Nicolas Barry Delongchamps, Bogdan Geavlete, Malte Rieken, Jean-Nicolas Cornu, Mohammad Sajjad Rahnama'i
Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is a prevalent disorder with a significant impact on quality of life. Despite this high prevalence, there is significant underdiagnosis and undertreatment due to several barriers, including embarrassment, poor communication and low patient adherence. Currently, various antimuscarinic are available in the treatment of OAB. The introduction of mirabegron has broadened the therapeutic approach and combination therapy of both agents can be valuable in clinical practice. Yet, patient adherence to most drugs for OAB is still relatively poor...
April 3, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625707/-atropinic-burden-and-anticholinergic-drugs-interest-and-application-in-clinical-practice-in-the-elderly
#16
Sibylle de Germay, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Jean-Louis Montastruc, François Montastruc
Anticholinergic drugs (also called antimuscarinics or atropinics) increase the risk of falls, cognitive impairment and/or mortality in older patients. These drugs belong to the lists of potentially inappropriate medications in the elderly. The aim of this review was to present and discuss the different tools available to measure the atropinic risk in drug exposure of older patients. Several scales, developed from biological and/or clinical criteria, allow to classify anticholinergic drugs according to their atropinic potency and to assign to them an atropinic burden...
March 7, 2018: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623481/effect-of-antazoline-on-electrophysiological-properties-of-atrial-muscle-and-conduction-system-of-the-heart
#17
Bartłomiej Jacek Bińkowski, Marcin Makowski, Paweł Kubiński, Andrzej Lubiński
PURPOSE: Antazoline is a first-generation antihistaminic agent with additional anticholinergic properties and antiarrhythmic potential. Recent data shows its high effectiveness in sinus rhythm restoration among patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The effect of antazoline on electrophysiological parameters of the heart in vivo has not yet been examined. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in electrophysiological parameters of the heart muscle and conduction system as a response to increasing doses of antazoline...
April 6, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623108/electrical-neuromodulation-in-the-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-evidence-experience-and-future-prospects
#18
REVIEW
Alejandro Abello, Anurag K Das
Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is common and causes a spectrum of morbidity and decreased quality of life (QoL) for patients. LUTD can range from urinary retention to urge incontinence, and includes a variety of syndromes, with the most common and widely recognized being overactive bladder (OAB). The classic treatments of LUTD and OAB comprise different strategies including behavioral therapies, medications and minimally invasive or invasive surgical procedures. Generally, once patients have tried behavioral modifications and oral medical therapy, and have not experienced adequate relief of their symptoms, the next step is to consider minimally invasive therapies...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620695/misuse-of-trihexyphenidyl-artane-on-r%C3%A3-union-island
#19
Romain Torrents, Jean Francois Ferré, Annie Konareff, Patrice Hemery, Kenneth Sherwin, Christian Lassalle, Nicolas Simon, Sami Scerra
BACKGROUND: Trihexyphenidyl (THP) is an anticholinergic drug misused to procure hallucination, sedation, and anxiolysis. The aim of this cohort was to show and describe, within a public health risk management policy, the risks of a long-standing but relatively unknown addiction: THP addiction. METHODS: On Réunion island, a cohort with systematic data collection has been set up by addictologists working in the Centres for Addiction Prevention and Treatment, in the university hospital, and in general practices who have active lists of patients misusing THP...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620694/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-constipation-and-anticholinergic-symptoms-in-patients-receiving-clozapine
#20
Anssi Solismaa, Olli Kampman, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Niko Seppälä, Merja Viikki, Nina Mononen, Terho Lehtimäki, Esa Leinonen
BACKGROUND: Clozapine impairs gastrointestinal motility owing to its anticholinergic and antiserotonergic properties. This commonly leads to constipation and potentially to more severe complications such as bowel obstruction and ischemia. The aim of this study was to determine whether genetic variations in the genes encoding muscarinic and serotonergic receptors (CHRM2, CHRM3, HTR2, HTR3, HTR4, and HTR7) explain the variations in incidence of constipation and anticholinergic symptoms during clozapine treatment...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
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