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Case records of the mass general hospital

Zafer Gunendi, Dilek Eker, Duygu Tecer, Belgin Karaoglan
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that causes weakening of the bones which increases the risk of fractures. Especially hip fractures lead to substantial physical, psychological, social and economic burden both for the patients and the governments. Excercises and physically active life style are essential preventive and therapeutic approaches for osteoporosis. Kinesiophobia is an irrational fear of movement due to the belief of susceptibility to injury. It is associated with lower levels of physical activity...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
D J Humes, A Abdul-Sultan, A J Walker, J F Ludvigsson, J West
PURPOSE: Little is known regarding the magnitude and timing of the risk of VTE following inguinal hernia surgery. We aimed to determine the absolute and relative rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following planned inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: We analysed male adults with a first inguinal hernia repair with no prior record of VTE from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, linked to the Hospital Episode Statistics (2001-2011). Crude rates and adjusted hazard ratios (HR) of the first VTE were calculated using Cox regression analysis to compare specific time periods following the surgery compared to the general population...
January 15, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Muhammad Arifin, Wihasto Suryaningtyas, Abdul Hafid Bajamal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to review a large series of frontoethmoidal encephalocele (FEE) regarding their clinical presentation, the progressiveness of the mass volume, the skin stigmata as well as its surgical approach and post-surgical complications. METHOD: Records of all FEE patients treated in Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, and Charity Foundation Program from 2008 to 2015 were reviewed. Detailed patient's demography, clinical findings, radiology results, operative procedures, and complications were documented...
January 5, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Anne P Toft-Petersen, Jerome Wulff, David A Harrison, Marlies Ostermann, Mike Margarson, Kathryn M Rowan, Deborah Dawson
PURPOSE: Studies have demonstrated an association between height and weight and mortality among patients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and the optimal body mass index (BMI) might be well above the optimal values in the general population. Most of these studies have relied on estimated values, the validity of which is not known. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Admissions to adult general ICUs from 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2016 in the Case Mix Programme (CMP) Database were described by height and weight assessment methods (measured or estimated)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
Rahim Mahmodlou, Niloofar Dadkhah, Fariba Abbasi, Jafar Nasiri, Rohollah Valizadeh
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a benign rare inflammatory disease of the breast. Due to its uncommon etiology, diagnosis and treatment is still unknown. Selection of a standard method for diagnosing idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is sophisticated. In view of non-definitive clinical and imaging finding, histopathology is the cornerstone of definitive diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine and help solve the dilemma of treatment and diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
Mark R Katlic
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia and endotracheal intubation are a luxury rather than a necessity for many video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) operations. Twenty-three years ago, I began using local anesthesia and sedation for pleural disease and subsequently, for pericardial and lung disease. STUDY DESIGN: The records of all patients undergoing VATS using local anesthesia and sedation at hospitals of the Geisinger Health System (Danville and Wilkes-Barre, PA), from June 1, 2002 to June 30, 2011, and the Lifebridge Health System (Baltimore, MD) from July 1, 2011 to March 1, 2017, were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Mitchell S Cappell, Charlton E Stevens, Mitual Amin
AIM: To systematically review the syndrome of giant gastric lipomas, report 2 new illustrative cases. METHODS: Literature systematically reviewed using PubMed for publications since 1980 with following medical subject heading/keywords: ("giant lipoma") AND ("gastric") OR [("lipoma") and ("gastric") and ("bleeding")]. Two authors independently reviewed literature, and decided by consensus which articles to incorporate. Computerized review of pathology/endoscopy records at William Beaumont Hospitals, Royal Oak and Troy, Michigan, January 2005-December 2015, revealed 2 giant gastric lipomas among 117110 consecutive esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDs), which were thoroughly reviewed, including re-review of original endoscopic photographs, radiologic images, and pathologic slides...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Sulochana Dash, Sreelatha Balasubramanian
INTRODUCTION: Quality and safety in anaesthesia is usually monitored by analysis of perioperative mortality-morbidity and are influenced by anaesthetic and non-anaesthetic factors. AIM: This study was conducted to analyse the incidence of clinical indicators of quality in endotracheally intubated patients undergoing general abdominal surgeries and obstetric and gynaecological procedures under general anaesthesia and to determine contributing factors for the same...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Filipa Camacho Côrte, João Firmino-Machado, Carla Pinto Moura, Jorge Spratley, Margarida Santos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic clues, as biochemical parameters and imaging studies, of children with acute neck infections (ANI) to identify possible independent prognostic factors leading to complications and prolonged hospitalization. METHODS: Records of children admitted to a tertiary university hospital from January 2008 to December 2014 with a diagnosis of ANIs were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Chetan Parmar, Kamal K Mahawar, William R J Carr, Norbert Schroeder, Shlok Balupuri, Peter K Small
INTRODUCTION: There is reluctance amongst many healthcare professionals to offer bariatric surgery to septuagenarians. There is only one study in the scientific literature specifically describing any experience with this group of patients and none that compares the outcomes in this group with younger patients. METHODS: We retrospectively examined our prospective database to identify all those who were >70 years old at the time of bariatric surgery. This group was then compared with a matched (for sex, body mass index, surgical procedure, and time of surgery) cohort of younger (<60 year old) patients...
December 2017: Obesity Surgery
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland, Peter Brindle
Objectives To develop and validate updated QRISK3 prediction algorithms to estimate the 10 year risk of cardiovascular disease in women and men accounting for potential new risk factors.Design Prospective open cohort study.Setting General practices in England providing data for the QResearch database.Participants 1309 QResearch general practices in England: 981 practices were used to develop the scores and a separate set of 328 practices were used to validate the scores. 7.89 million patients aged 25-84 years were in the derivation cohort and 2...
May 23, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Xiaomeng Hou, Ji Li, Jing Li, Baiqiang Cai
OBJECTIVES: This study described the characteristics of the systemic arterial supply of pulmonary sequestration (PS) in an attempt to better distinguish PS from other acquired lesions. METHODS: We identified 25 patients hospitalized at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital during January 2013 to December 2015 with the assistance of medical catalogers. Twenty-three patients with a definite diagnosis of "pulmonary sequestration" clinically or pathologically were included in the study...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
Magda Marek-Safiejko, Kamil Safiejko, Jerzy Łukaszewicz, Jacek Dadan, Robert J Ładny, Robert Kozłowski, Piotr Wojskowicz, Piotr Myśliwiec
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the gold standard for the surgical treatment of benign adrenal masses. It is most commonly performed using the lateral transperitoneal approach (LTA) and the posterior retroperitoneal approach (PRA). The choice of the method depends on contraindications for a particular approach in an individual case and surgical experience. The objective of the article is to compare two approaches, LTA and PRA, in view of our own experience and literature review...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Nithya Sukumar, Hema Venkataraman, Sean Wilson, Ilona Goljan, Selvin Selvamoni, Vinod Patel, Ponnusamy Saravanan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate vitamin B12 and folate status in pregnancy and their relationship with maternal obesity, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and offspring birthweight. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 344 women (143 GDM, 201 no-GDM) attending a district general hospital and that had B12 and folate levels measured in the early 3rd trimester was performed. Maternal history including early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and neonatal data (birthweight, sex, and gestational age) was recorded for all subjects...
December 1, 2016: Nutrients
He Huang, Chunqing Wang, Qinjie Tian
OBJECTIVE: Phenotypic female disorders of sex development (DSD) patients with Y chromosome or Y-derived sequence have an increased risk of gonadal germ cell tumours (GCTs). The objective of the study was to evaluate tumour risk of DSD, summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with GCTs and propose management suggestions. METHODS: Medical records of 292 patients diagnosed DSD and undergoing bilateral gonadectomy at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1996 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
Pia Nimann Kannegaard, Kirsten L Vinding, Helle Hare-Bruun
AIM OF DATABASE: The aim of the National Database of Geriatrics is to monitor the quality of interdisciplinary diagnostics and treatment of patients admitted to a geriatric hospital unit. STUDY POPULATION: The database population consists of patients who were admitted to a geriatric hospital unit. Geriatric patients cannot be defined by specific diagnoses. A geriatric patient is typically a frail multimorbid elderly patient with decreasing functional ability and social challenges...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
Yue Leng, Nick W J Wainwright, Francesco P Cappuccio, Paul G Surtees, Shabina Hayat, Robert Luben, Carol Brayne, Kay-Tee Khaw
BACKGROUND: We have identified a strong association between daytime napping and increased mortality risk from respiratory diseases, but little is known about the relationship between daytime napping and respiratory morbidity. METHODS: Data were drawn from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk cohort. Participants reported napping habits during 1998-2000 and were followed up for respiratory disease hospital admissions until March 2009...
July 2016: Sleep Medicine
Mercedes Fernández Gacio, Ana Maria Agrelo Lousame, Susana Pereira, Clara Castro, Juliana Santos
BACKGROUND: Several locoregional techniques have been described for the management of acute and chronic pain after breast surgery. The optimal technique should be easy to perform, reproducible, with little discomfort to the patient, little complications, allowing good control of acute pain and a decreased incidence of chronic pain, namely intercostobrachial neuralgia for being the most frequent entity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the paravertebral block with preoperative single needle prick for major breast surgery and assess initially the control of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and acute pain in the first 24h and secondly the incidence of neuropathic pain in the intercostobrachial nerve region six months after surgery...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Olivier Laurent, Jianlin Hu, Lianfa Li, Michael J Kleeman, Scott M Bartell, Myles Cockburn, Loraine Escobedo, Jun Wu
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine growth restriction has been associated with exposure to air pollution, but there is a need to clarify which sources and components are most likely responsible. This study investigated the associations between low birth weight (LBW, <2500g) in term born infants (≥37 gestational weeks) and air pollution by source and composition in California, over the period 2001-2008. METHODS: Complementary exposure models were used: an empirical Bayesian kriging model for the interpolation of ambient pollutant measurements, a source-oriented chemical transport model (using California emission inventories) that estimated fine and ultrafine particulate matter (PM2...
July 2016: Environment International
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