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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916354/accurate-assessment-of-bowel-length-the-method-of-measurement-matters
#1
Eleanor D Muise, John J Tackett, Kevin A Callender, Neeru Gandotra, Michaela C Bamdad, Robert A Cowles
PURPOSE: Small intestinal length has prognostic significance for patients with short bowel syndrome, and accurate measurement of Roux-en-Y limbs is considered important. The flexible elasticity of bowel makes its measurement highly subjective, yet a recommended method for intestinal measurement allowing accurate comparisons between surgeons remains undefined. Measurement of intestinal length has been described, but no comparison of the fidelity of measurement technique has been made. We hypothesized that silk suture and umbilical tape would yield the most consistent measurements...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861365/effects-of-balance-taping-using-kinesiology-tape-in-a-patient-with-moderate-hallux-valgus-a-case-report
#2
Sun-Min Lee, Jung-Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus, an increased angle of lateral deviation in the big toe, can cause pain and difficulties in balancing and walking. This study aimed to investigate the effects of balance taping using elastic therapeutic tape on moderate hallux valgus. METHODS: When she walked with shoes, she complained of pain over the medial eminence of the hallux metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Balance taping using kinesiology tape was applied for 3 months (average, 16hours/d) to both big toes of a 26-year-old woman with moderate hallux valgus...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821932/immediate-effects-of-forearm-elastic-and-nonelastic-taping-on-wrist-flexor-muscle-and-grip-strength-of-normal-adults
#3
Hyun-Gyu Cha, Myoung-Kwon Kim, Young-Jun Shin
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of forearm elastic taping on grip and wrist flexor muscle strength. [Subjects and Methods] This was a single-blind, crossover study. This study selected 40 healthy subjects with no history of orthopedic disorders and was conducted after consent to participate was obtained. Grip and wrist flexor muscle strength of subjects were assessed by a handheld dynamometer and a Commander Muscle Tester, respectively, with forearm elastic taping or nonelastic taping...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818638/proprioceptive-localization-of-the-hand-changes-when-skin-stretch-around-the-elbow-is-manipulated
#4
Irene A Kuling, Eli Brenner, Jeroen B J Smeets
Cutaneous information has been shown to influence proprioceptive position sense when subjects had to judge or match the posture of their limbs. In the present study, we tested whether cutaneous information also affects proprioceptive localization of the hand when moving it to a target. In an explorative study, we manipulated the skin stretch around the elbow by attaching elastic sports tape to one side of the arm. Subjects were asked to move the unseen manipulated arm to visually presented targets. We found that the tape induced a significant shift of the end-points of these hand movements...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803618/effect-of-3-different-applications-of-kinesio-taping-denko%C3%A2-on-electromyographic-activity-inhibition-or-facilitation-of-the-quadriceps-of-males-during-squat-exercise
#5
Júlio C Serrão, Bruno Mezêncio, João G Claudino, Rafael Soncin, Pedro L Sampaio Miyashiro, Eric P Sousa, Eduardo Borges, Vinícius Zanetti, Igor Phillip, Luiz Mochizuki, Alberto C Amadio
: Kinesio taping consists of a technique which uses the application of an elastic adhesive tape. It has become a widely used rehabilitation modality for the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. The objective of this study was to verify the effect of the application of Kinesio Taping Denko(®) in three conditions (facilitation, inhibition, and placebo) on the electromyographic activity of the quadriceps and hamstrings muscles on facilitating or inhibiting the muscle function and on the perceived exertion during the barbell back squat exercise in healthy male subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727409/symphysis-pubis-fundal-height-charts-to-assess-fetal-size-in-women-with-a-normal-body-mass-index
#6
T Dias, S Abeykoon, S Kumarasiri, C Gunawardena, G Pragasan, T Padeniya, A Pathmeswaran
OBJECTIVES: To construct symphysis-pubis fundal height (SFH) charts to estimate fetal size in pregnant women with a normal body mass index (BMI) and to describe the variation of SFH measurements according to BMI. METHODS: cross sectional study was carried out at Ampara and Gampaha Districts in Sri Lanka. Women with normal nutritional and health status, normal BMI and minimal environmental constraints on fetal growth, with ultra sound confirmation of dates by fetal crown-rump length measurements between 11 weeks and 13 weeks + six days,had their SFH measured, using non-elastic tape and standard techniques, between 24 and 41 weeks gestation...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575993/patching-for-diplopia-contraindicated-in-patients-with-brain-injury
#7
Kevin E Houston, A M Barrett
PURPOSE: Patching for double vision is a common palliative treatment for head-trauma patients with acquired strabismus when prisms are not feasible. METHODS: We review literature on spatial neglect and discuss possible effects of monocular occlusion on spatial attention. RESULTS: Patching the left eye has been shown to worsen spatial judgments in some brain-injured patients with left neglect by inhibiting the right superior colliculus further impairing contralateral leftward orienting (the Sprague Effect)...
August 30, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525176/a-new-clinical-muscle-function-test-for-assessment-of-hip-external-rotation-strength-augustsson-strength-test
#8
Jesper Augustsson
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic clinical tests of hip strength applicable on patients, non-athletes and athletes alike, are lacking. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and evaluate the reliability of a dynamic muscle function test of hip external rotation strength, using a novel device. A second aim was to determine if gender differences exist in absolute and relative hip strength using the new test. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy sport science students (34 women and 19 men) were tested for hip external rotation strength using a device that consisted of a strap connected in series with an elastic resistance band loop, and a measuring tape connected in parallel with the elastic resistance band...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463116/high-performance-strain-sensors-with-fish-scale-like-graphene-sensing-layers-for-full-range-detection-of-human-motions
#9
Qiang Liu, Ji Chen, Yingru Li, Gaoquan Shi
Strain sensors with large stretchability, broad sensing range, and high sensitivity are highly desirable because of their potential applications in electronic skins and health monitoring systems. In this paper, we report a high-performance strain sensor with a fish-scale-like graphene-sensing layer. This strain sensor can be fabricated via stretching/releasing the composite films of reduced graphene oxide and elastic tape, making the process simple, cheap, energy-saving, and scalable. It can be used to detect both stretching and bending deformations with a wide sensing range (up to 82% strain), high sensitivity (a gauge factor of 16...
August 23, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442336/immediate-effects-of-sports-taping-applied-on-the-lead-knee-of-low-and-high-handicapped-golfers-during-golf-swing
#10
Tae-Gyu Kim, Eun-Kuk Kim, Jong-Chul Park
Elite golf athletes suffer from various musculoskeletal injuries due to repeated golf swings. Repetitive varus moment during golf swing has been suggested as a possible cause of injuries to the lead knee. The aim of this study was to objectively and quantitatively evaluate the immediate effects of sports taping on the lead knee of elite golfers to restrict varus moment. Thirty-one elite golfers were assigned to the low (LHG, n = 15) or high handicapped group (HHG, n = 16). By using 3-dimensional motion analysis, the lead knee position on the frontal plane with and without rigid taping (RT), elastic taping (ET), and placebo taping (PT) was identified in four separate phases by the five events of golf swing: the peak of the back swing (E1), parallel to the ground during downswing (E2), ball impact (E3), parallel to the ground during follow-through (E4), and finish (E5)...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438033/analysis-of-biomechanical-parameters-in-colonic-anastomosis
#11
Tiago Cavalcanti Iwanaga, José Lamartine de Andrade Aguiar, Euclides Dias Martins-Filho, Flávio Kreimer, Fernando Luiz Silva-Filho, Amanda Vasconcelos de Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: The use of measures in colonic anastomoses to prevent dehiscences is of great medical interest. Sugarcane molasses, which has adequate tolerability and compatibility in vivo, has not yet been tested for this purpose. AIM: To analyze the biomechanical parameters of colonic suture in rats undergoing colectomy, using sugarcane molasses polysaccharide as tape or gel. METHODS: 45 Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus) were randomized into three groups of 15 animals: irrigation of enteric sutures with 0...
April 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437714/delayed-effect-of-kinesio-taping-on-neuromuscular-performance-balance-and-lower-limb-function-in-healthy-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Caio A A Lins, Daniel T Borges, Liane B Macedo, Karinna S A Costa, Jamilson S Brasileiro
BACKGROUND: Kinesio Taping (KT) is an elastic bandage that aims to improve neuromuscular performance, although there is no consensus as to its benefits. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the immediate and delayed effects of KT on the neuromuscular performance of the femoral quadriceps, on balance, and lower limb function in healthy subjects. METHOD: This is a randomized controlled trial. Thirty-six women with a mean age of 22.2±3.6 years and BMI of 22...
March 22, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418238/robust-hybrid-elastomer-metal-oxide-superhydrophobic-surfaces
#13
S Hoshian, V Jokinen, S Franssila
We introduce a new type of hybrid material: a nanostructured elastomer covered by a hard photoactive metal-oxide thin film resembling the exoskeleton of insects. It has extreme water repellency and fast self-recovery after damage. A new fabrication method for replicating high aspect ratio, hierarchical re-entrant aluminum structures into polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is presented. The method is based on a protective titania layer deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on the aluminum template. The ALD titania transfers to the elastomeric scaffold via sacrificial release etching...
August 21, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363780/the-interplay-of-aggregation-fibrillization-and-gelation-of-an-unexpected-low-molecular-weight-gelator-glycylalanylglycine-in-ethanol-water
#14
Stefanie Farrell, David DiGuiseppi, Nicolas Alvarez, Reinhard Schweitzer-Stenner
Hydrogels formed by polypeptides could be much-favored tools for drug delivery because their main ingredients are generally biodegradable. However, the gelation of peptides in aqueous solution generally requires a minimal length of the peptide as well as distinct sequences of hydrophilic and hydrophobic residues. The aggregation of short peptides like tripeptides, which are relatively cheap and offer a high degree of biodegradability, are generally thought to require a high hydrophobicity of their residues...
July 13, 2016: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361028/immediate-effect-of-forearm-kinesio-taping-on-handgrip-strength-and-muscle-tone-stiffness-and-elasticity-2203-board-355-june-2-2-00-pm-3-30-pm
#15
Mario Rodrigues, Rui Costa, Dalila Romão, Maria Dias, Sara Valério, Luis Espejo-Antunes, Fernando Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350917/scapula-behavior-associates-with-fast-sprinting-in-first-accelerated-running
#16
Mitsuo Otsuka, Taisuke Ito, Toyoyuki Honjo, Tadao Isaka
The arm-swing motion is important for coordinated lower limb movement during a fast sprint and is composed of three-dimensional scapulothoracic and glenohumeral joint motion. Here, we aimed to clarify the role of the scapula during the initiation of a sprint running when sprinter run with high horizontal acceleration. Ten sports-active students participated in four 5-m dashes, with scapular constraint using non-elastic therapy tape (constraint condition) and without scapular constraint (free condition). The sprinting kinematics was assessed by a 16-camera motion capture system...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313372/effects-of-kinesio-tape-compared-with-non-elastic-tape-on-hand-grip-strength
#17
Ji Young Kim, Seong Yeol Kim
[Purpose] Many assumptions have been made about taping and several studies have considered tape application methods; however, the true effect of taping on muscle strength remains unclear. Most previous studies compared application techniques using Kinesio tape (KT), but studies that compared muscle strength using non-elastic tape (NT) are limited. Moreover, no studies have applied KT and NT in the same way to assess grip strength in normal subjects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate effect of application of two tapes with different elastic properties on maximal grip strength in healthy adults...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300085/health-impact-of-chest-binding-among-transgender-adults-a-community-engaged-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sarah Peitzmeier, Ivy Gardner, Jamie Weinand, Alexandra Corbet, Kimberlynn Acevedo
Chest binding involves the compression of chest tissue for masculine gender expression among people assigned a female sex at birth, particularly transgender and gender non-conforming individuals. There are no peer-reviewed studies that directly assess the health impacts of chest binding, yet transgender community resources commonly discuss symptoms such as pain and scarring. A cross-sectional 32-item survey was administered online to an anonymous, non-random sample of adults who were assigned a female sex at birth and had had experience of binding (n = 1800)...
January 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190472/elastic-therapeutic-tape-do-they-have-the-same-material-properties
#19
Chuanpis Boonkerd, Weerawat Limroongreungrat
[Purpose] Elastic therapeutic tape has been widely used for rehabilitation and treatment of sports injuries. Tapes with different elastic properties serve different treatment purposes with inappropriate tension reducing tape effectiveness. Many tapes are available in the market, but studies on tape properties are limited. The aim of this study was to examine the material properties of elastic therapeutic tape. [Subjects and Methods] Brands of elastic therapeutic tape included KinesioTex(®), ATex, Mueller, 3M, and ThaiTape...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130717/chest-pain-control-with-kinesiology-taping-after-lobectomy-for-lung-cancer-initial-results-of-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#20
Andrea Imperatori, Annamaria Grande, Massimo Castiglioni, Laura Gasperini, Agnese Faini, Sebastiano Spampatti, Elisa Nardecchia, Lorena Terzaghi, Lorenzo Dominioni, Nicola Rotolo
OBJECTIVES: Kinesiology taping (KT) is a rehabilitative technique performed by the cutaneous application of a special elastic tape. We tested the safety and efficacy of KT in reducing postoperative chest pain after lung lobectomy. METHODS: One-hundred and seventeen consecutive patients, both genders, age 18-85, undergoing lobectomy for lung cancer between January 2013 and July 2015 were initially considered. Lobectomies were performed by the same surgical team, with thoracotomy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) access...
August 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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