keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

horticultural

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722154/application-of-headspace-solid-phase-microextraction-followed-by-gas-chromatography-coupled-with-mass-spectrometry-spme-gc-ms-to-determine-esters-of-carboxylic-acids-and-other-volatile-compounds-in-d-maculatus-and-d-ater-lipids
#1
Magdalena Cerkowniak, Mieczysława I Boguś, Emilia Włóka, Piotr Stepnowski, Marek Gołębiowski
A constant problem in veterinary medicine, human healthcare, agriculture, forestry or horticulture is the large number of pests, and the lack of effective methods to combat them which cause no harm to the rest of the environment. It is recommended and desired to reduce the use of chemicals and increase the use of agents based on the knowledge acquired in the field of biology, chemistry, and agrochemicals. To learn the defense mechanisms of insects we should consider not only the site of their physiological ability to protect against external factors (cuticle), but also check the possibility of chemical protection, formed by all compounds on the surface and in the body of insects...
July 19, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721680/evaluation-of-haplotype-diversity-of-achatina-fulica-lissachatina-bowdich-from-indian-sub-continent-by-means-of-16s-rdna-sequence-and-its-phylogenetic-relationships-with-other-global-populations
#2
Vijaya Sai Ayyagari, Krupanidhi Sreerama
Achatina fulica (Lissachatina fulica) is one of the most invasive species found across the globe causing a significant damage to crops, vegetables, and horticultural plants. This terrestrial snail is native to east Africa and spread to different parts of the world by introductions. India, a hot spot for biodiversity of several endemic gastropods, has witnessed an outburst of this snail population in several parts of the country posing a serious threat to crop loss and also to human health. With an objective to evaluate the genetic diversity of this snail, we have sampled this snail from different parts of India and analyzed its haplotype diversity by means of 16S rDNA sequence information...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715676/modelling-the-impacts-of-altered-management-practices-land-use-and-climate-changes-on-the-water-quality-of-the-millbrook-catchment-reservoir-system-in-south-australia
#3
Hong Hanh Nguyen, Friedrich Recknagel, Wayne Meyer, Jacqueline Frizenschaf, Manoj Kumar Shrestha
Sustainable management of drinking water reservoirs requires taking into account the potential effects of their catchments' development. This study is an attempt to estimate the daily patterns of nutrients transport in the catchment - reservoir systems through the application of the ensemble of complementary models SWAT-SALMO. SWAT quantifies flow, nitrate and phosphate loadings originating in catchments before entering downstream reservoirs meanwhile SALMO determines phosphate, nitrate, and chlorophyll-a concentrations within the reservoirs...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707368/isolation-and-characterization-of-metaldehyde-degrading-bacteria-from-domestic-soils
#4
John C Thomas, Thorunn Helgason, Chris J Sinclair, James W B Moir
Metaldehyde is a common molluscicide, used to control slugs in agriculture and horticulture. It is resistant to breakdown by current water treatment processes, and its accumulation in drinking water sources leads to regular regulatory failures in drinking water quality. To address this problem, we isolated metaldehyde-degrading microbes from domestic soils. Two distinct bacterial isolates were cultured, that were able to grow prototrophically using metaldehyde as sole carbon and energy source. One isolate belonged to the genus Acinetobacter (strain designation E1) and the other isolate belonged to the genus Variovorax (strain designation E3)...
July 13, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702937/genetic-engineering-strategies-for-biotic-and-abiotic-stress-tolerance-and-quality-enhancement-in-horticultural-crops-a-comprehensive-review
#5
REVIEW
Nehanjali Parmar, Kunwar Harendra Singh, Deepika Sharma, Lal Singh, Pankaj Kumar, J Nanjundan, Yasin Jeshima Khan, Devendra Kumar Chauhan, Ajay Kumar Thakur
Genetic engineering technique offers myriads of applications in improvement of horticultural crops for biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, and produce quality enhancement. During last two decades, a large number of transgenic horticultural crops has been developed and more are underway. A number of genes including natural and synthetic Cry genes, protease inhibitors, trypsin inhibitors and cystatin genes have been used to incorporate insect and nematode resistance. For providing protection against fungal and bacterial diseases, various genes like chitinase, glucanase, osmotin, defensin and pathogenesis-related genes are being transferred to many horticultural crops world over...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698797/new-technologies-accelerate-the-exploration-of-non-coding-rnas-in-horticultural-plants
#6
REVIEW
Degao Liu, Ritesh Mewalal, Rongbin Hu, Gerald A Tuskan, Xiaohan Yang
Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), that is, RNAs not translated into proteins, are crucial regulators of a variety of biological processes in plants. While protein-encoding genes have been relatively well-annotated in sequenced genomes, accounting for a small portion of the genome space in plants, the universe of plant ncRNAs is rapidly expanding. Recent advances in experimental and computational technologies have generated a great momentum for discovery and functional characterization of ncRNAs. Here we summarize the classification and known biological functions of plant ncRNAs, review the application of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and ribosome profiling technology to ncRNA discovery in horticultural plants and discuss the application of new technologies, especially the new genome-editing tool clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) systems, to functional characterization of plant ncRNAs...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696049/increased-nutritional-value-in-food-crops
#7
Nieves Goicoechea, M Carmen Antolín
Modern agriculture and horticulture must combine two objectives that seem to be almost mutually exclusive: to satisfy the nutritional needs of an increasing human population and to minimize the negative impact on the environment. These two objectives are included in the Goal 2 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations: 'End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture'. Enhancing the nutritional levels of vegetables would improve nutrient intake without requiring an increase in consumption...
July 11, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694818/insights-into-the-molecular-events-that-regulate-heat-induced-chilling-tolerance-in-citrus-fruits
#8
María T Lafuente, Beatriz Establés-Ortíz, Luis González-Candelas
Low non-freezing temperature may cause chilling injury (CI), which is responsible for external quality deterioration in many chilling-sensitive horticultural crops. Exposure of chilling-sensitive citrus cultivars to non-lethal high-temperature conditioning may increase their chilling tolerance. Very little information is available about the molecular events involved in such tolerance. In this work, the molecular events associated with the low temperature tolerance induced by heating Fortune mandarin, which is very sensitive to chilling, for 3 days at 37°C prior to cold storage is presented...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693496/interaction-of-%C3%AE-fe2o3-nanoparticles-with-citrus-maxima-leaves-and-the-corresponding-physiological-effects-via-foliar-application
#9
Jing Hu, Huiyuan Guo, Junli Li, Yunqiang Wang, Lian Xiao, Baoshan Xing
BACKGROUND: Nutrient-containing nanomaterials have been developed as fertilizers to foster plant growth and agricultural yield through root applications. However, if applied through leaves, how these nanomaterials, e.g. γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles (NPs), influence the plant growth and health are largely unknown. This study is aimed to assess the effects of foliar-applied γ-Fe2O3 NPs and their ionic counterparts on plant physiology of Citrus maxima and the associated mechanisms. RESULTS: No significant changes of chlorophyll content and root activity were observed upon the exposure of 20-100 mg/L γ-Fe2O3 NPs and Fe(3+)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690397/pesticide-exposure-and-health-problems-among-female-horticulture-workers-in-tanzania
#10
REVIEW
Ezra Jonathan Mrema, Aiwerasia Vera Ngowi, Stephen Simon Kishinhi, Simon Henry Mamuya
Commercialization of horticulture farming, expansion of farms, and the practice of monoculture favor the proliferation of pests, which in turn increases the need for pesticides. Increased exposure to pesticides is associated with inadequate knowledge on the hazardous nature of pesticides, poor hygiene practices, lack of availability of washing facilities, and insufficient adherence to precautionary instructions on pesticide labels. Mitigating the risks posed by pesticides is considered a less compelling interest than alleviating poverty...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688269/nature-based-solution-for-improving-mental-health-and-well-being-in-urban-areas
#11
Maja Vujcic, Jelena Tomicevic-Dubljevic, Mihailo Grbic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Olivera Vukovic, Oliver Toskovic
The general disproportion of urban development and the socio-economical crisis in Serbia, followed by a number of acute and chronic stressors, as well as years of accumulated trauma, prevented the parallel physical, mental and social adaptation of society as a whole. These trends certainly affected the quality of mental health and well-being, particularly on the vulnerable urban population, increasing the absolute number of people with depression, stress and psychosomatic disorders. This study was pioneering in Serbia and was conducted in collaboration with the Faculty of Forestry, the Institute of Mental Health and the Botanical Garden in Belgrade, in order to understand how spending time and performing horticulture therapy in specially designed urban green environments can improve mental health...
July 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678616/effect-of-alkaline-material-on-phytotoxicity-and-bioavailability-of-cu-cd-pb-and-zn-in-stabilized-sewage-sludge
#12
Hongling Zhang, Guofeng Ma, Lina Sun, Huiying Li
The availablility and phytotoxicity of heavy metals in sewage sludge is the key restrict factor that limit sludge application in farmland, horticulture, even in mining remediation. In this study, municipal sewage sludge was stabilized by alkaline slag or coal fly ash, then the leaching characteristic and fraction distributions of Cu, Cd, Pb and Zn were studied, their effects on seed germination, root length, and plant accumulating were compared, and the relationship between these items was systematically analyzed...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676908/clostridium-species-strain-boh3-tolerates-and-transforms-inhibitors-from-horticulture-waste-hydrolysates
#13
Yu Yan, Jianzhong He
Conversion of lignocellulosic hydrolysate to biofuels is impeded by the toxic effects of inhibitors that are generated during pretreatment and hydrolysis processes. Here we describe a wild-type Clostridium sp. strain BOH3 with high tolerance to the lignocellulose-derived inhibitors and its capability to transform these inhibitors. Strain BOH3 is capable of tolerating over 60 mM furfural, 60 mM hydroxymethylfurfural, and 6.6 mM vanillin, respectively, and is able to convert 53.74 ± 0.37 mM furfural into furfuryl alcohol within 90 h...
July 4, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668341/exposure-assessment-using-human-biomonitoring-for-glyphosate-and-fluroxypyr-users-in-amenity-horticulture
#14
Alison Connolly, Kate Jones, Karen S Galea, Ioannis Basinas, Laura Kenny, Padraic McGowan, Marie Coggins
BACKGROUND: Pesticides and their potential adverse health effects are of great concern and there is a dearth of knowledge regarding occupational exposure to pesticides among amenity horticulturalists. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to measure occupational exposures to amenity horticuturalists using pesticides containing the active ingredients, glyphosate and fluroxypyr by urinary biomonitoring. METHODS: A total of 40 work tasks involving glyphosate and fluroxypyr were surveyed over the period of June - October 2015...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647516/health-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-via-dietary-intake-of-five-pistachio-pistacia-vera-l-cultivars-collected-from-different-geographical-sites-of-iran
#15
Seyedeh Faezeh Taghizadeh, Gholamhossein Davarynejad, Javad Asili, Seyed Hossein Nemati, Ramin Rezaee, Marina Goumenou, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Gholamreza Karimi
Pistachio is an important horticultural product and Iran is considered as a main pistachio producing country. Assessment of heavy metals in this export fruit is crucial for protecting public health against toxic heavy metals. The concentration of selected heavy metals in soil, water and five pistachio cultivars from four geographical regions of Iran were measured. Although none of the elements were detected in water irrigation, infield metal content in the soil had good correlation with that of pistachio. The highest amounts of Al, As, Co, Ni and Se were reported in samples collected from Sarakhs, Iran...
June 21, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642765/genome-wide-identification-of-ap2-erf-transcription-factors-in-cauliflower-and-expression-profiling-of-the-erf-family-under-salt-and-drought-stresses
#16
Hui Li, Yu Wang, Mei Wu, Lihong Li, Cong Li, Zhanpin Han, Jiye Yuan, Chengbin Chen, Wenqin Song, Chunguo Wang
The AP2/ERF transcription factors (TFs) comprise one of the largest gene superfamilies in plants. These TFs perform vital roles in plant growth, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, 171 AP2/ERF TFs were identified in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis), one of the most important horticultural crops in Brassica. Among these TFs, 15, 9, and 1 TFs were classified into the AP2, RAV, and Soloist family, respectively. The other 146 TFs belong to ERF family, which were further divided into the ERF and DREB subfamilies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641228/relationships-between-past-and-present-pesticide-applications-and-pollution-at-a-watershed-outlet-the-case-of-a-horticultural-catchment-in-martinique-french-west-indies
#17
Charles Mottes, Magalie Lesueur Jannoyer, Marianne Le Bail, Mathilde Guéné, Céline Carles, Eric Malézieux
The understanding of factors affecting pesticide transfers to catchment outlet is still at a very early stage in tropical context, and especially on tropical volcanic context. We performed on-farm pesticide use surveys during 87 weeks and monitored pesticides in water weekly during 67 weeks at the outlet of a small catchment in Martinique. We identified three types of pollution. First, we showed long-term chronic pollution by chlordecone, diuron and metolachlor resulting from horticultural practices applied 5-20 years ago (quantification frequency higher than 80%)...
June 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638874/the-use-of-plants-to-protect-plants-and-food-against-fungal-pathogens-a-review
#18
D S S Shuping, J N Eloff
BACKGROUND: Plant fungal pathogens play a crucial role in the profitability, quality and quantity of plant production. These phytopathogens are persistent in avoiding plant defences causing diseases and quality losses around the world that amount to billions of US dollars annually. To control the scourge of plant fungal diseases, farmers have used fungicides to manage the damage of plant pathogenic fungi. Drawbacks such as development of resistance and environmental toxicity associated with these chemicals have motivated researchers and cultivators to investigate other possibilities...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638388/using-in-situ-symbiotic-seed-germination-to-restore-over-collected-medicinal-orchids-in-southwest-china
#19
Shi-Cheng Shao, Kevin S Burgess, Jennifer M Cruse-Sanders, Qiang Liu, Xu-Li Fan, Hui Huang, Jiang-Yun Gao
Due to increasing demand for medicinal and horticultural uses, the Orchidaceae is in urgent need of innovative and novel propagation techniques that address both market demand and conservation. Traditionally, restoration techniques have been centered on ex situ asymbiotic or symbiotic seed germination techniques that are not cost-effective, have limited genetic potential and often result in low survival rates in the field. Here, we propose a novel in situ advanced restoration-friendly program for the endangered epiphytic orchid species Dendrobium devonianum, in which a series of in situ symbiotic seed germination trials base on conspecific fungal isolates were conducted at two sites in Yunnan Province, China...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638192/treatment-effect-of-antipsychotics-in-combination-with-horticultural-therapy-on-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#20
Shunhong Zhu, Hengjing Wan, Zhide Lu, Huiping Wu, Qun Zhang, Xiaoqiong Qian, Chenyu Ye
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment method for schizophrenia, horticultural therapy is gaining more attention. However, there is as of now little research investigating this topic as well as a general lack of studies adopting into standard treatment plans. AIMS: Investigate treatment effect of horticultural therapy on patients with schizophrenia and its possibility of standardized application in psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: 110 patients with schizophrenia who met the inclusion criteria and provided informed consent were selected from the rehabilitation ward of the Minhang District Mental Health Center from September 2015 to December 2015...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
55684
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"