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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762079/does-reducing-food-losses-and-wastes-in-sub-saharan-africa-make-economic-sense
#1
Emerta Aragie, Jean Balié, Cristian MoralesOpazo
Reducing food losses and waste (FLW) is one of the sustainable ways of closing the food requirement gap in developing countries. However, there is not yet adequate knowledge on the extent of FLW by commodity type and stage of the food supply chain (FSC). Focusing on ten agrarian countries in Africa and building mainly on the Food and Agriculture Organization's Food Balance Sheets (FBSs), this study generates some new insights on the level of FLW by country, FSC and food type. Across the FSC, we find that these countries lose a cumulative amount equivalent to 28% (641 kilocalories per capita per day - kcal/cap/day) of the current calorie intake...
May 1, 2018: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696119/the-results-of-treating-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-by-adhesiolysis-comparing-the-one-and-three-day-protocols
#2
Behnam Hossieni, Payman Dadkhah, Siamak Moradi, Seyed Masoud Hashemi, Farshad Safdari
Background: The optimal treatment of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is controversial. Limited studies have demonstrated the satisfactory outcomes of percutaneous adhesiolysis in FBSS, which can be performed as a 1 day or 3 days procedure. In the current randomized clinical trial, we compared the clinical and functional outcomes of these 2 techniques. Methods: In this study, 60 patients with FBSS were randomly assigned into 2 equal groups: 1 day group and 3 days group...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608807/long-term-effect-of-peripheral-nerve-field-stimulation-as-add-on-therapy-to-spinal-cord-stimulation-to-treat-low-back-pain-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-a-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Eric-Jan J A A van Gorp, Onno Teernstra, Hans J Aukes, Tanja Hamm-Faber, Katja Bürger, Jan Willem Kallewaard, Geert Spincemaille, Johannes W L C Schapendonk, Leon Vonhögen, Ewald Bronkhorst, Kris C P Vissers
OBJECTIVE: Different approaches in neuromodulation have been used to treat chronic low back pain in failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) patients. We previously randomized 52 FBSS patients to be treated with spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and additional peripheral nerve field stimulation (PNFS) or SCS alone. At three months, we found a significant reduction of back pain in the PNFS-SCS group compared to the SCS group. In the subsequent open phase part of the study, all patients received optimal SCS and PNFS simultaneously...
April 2, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584916/a-randomized-multicenter-double-blind-parallel-pilot-study-assessing-the-effect-of-mechanical-adhesiolysis-vs-adhesiolysis-with-corticosteroid-and-hyaluronidase-administration-into-the-epidural-space-during-epiduroscopy
#4
Róbert Rapcan, Ladislav Kocan, Juraj Mláka, Miroslav Burianek, Hana Kocanová, Simona Rapcanová, Michael Hess, Anthony Hammond, Martin Griger, Michal Venglarcík, Miroslav Gajdoš, Janka Vašková
Objective: Epiduroscopy is a proven method of diagnosis and treatment for chronic radicular pain after spinal surgery, which is known as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of drugs (the enzyme hyaluronidase and corticosteroid DEPO-Medrol) administrated into the epidural space during epiduroscopy, performed within the ventral and ventro-lateral epidural space with a focus on releasing foraminal adhesions. Methods:  Forty-eight patients with diagnosed FBBS were randomized into two groups before epiduroscopy...
March 23, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566313/spinal-cord-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-failed-neck-surgery-syndrome-outcome-of-a-prospective-case-series
#5
Corey W Hunter, Jonathan Carlson, Ajax Yang, Timothy Deer
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an accepted, cost-effective treatment option for a variety of chronic pain syndromes, including failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). The application of SCS in the cervical spine, particularly for pain after cervical spine surgery, has been drawn into question in recent years by payers due to a purported lack of clinical evidence. To challenge this claim, we analyzed data from a prospective registry to support the use of SCS in the cervical spine for pain after spine surgery...
March 22, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526043/spinal-cord-stimulation-clinical-efficacy-and-potential-mechanisms
#6
REVIEW
Andrei D Sdrulla, Yun Guan, Srinivasa N Raja
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a minimally invasive therapy used for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain. SCS is a safe and effective alternative to medications such as opioids, and multiple randomized controlled studies have demonstrated efficacy for difficult-to-treat neuropathic conditions such as failed back surgery syndrome. Conventional SCS is believed mediate pain relief via activation of dorsal column Aβ fibers, resulting in variable effects on sensory and pain thresholds, and measurable alterations in higher order cortical processing...
March 11, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441289/high-density-in-spinal-cord-stimulation-virtual-expert-registry-discover-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-trial
#7
Mats De Jaeger, Robbert-Jan van Hooff, Lisa Goudman, Alexis Valenzuela Espinoza, Raf Brouns, Martine Puylaert, Wim Duyvendak, Maarten Moens
Background: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a proven and effective treatment for neuropathic pain conditions such as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). The hypothesis that different settings for SCS parameters activate unique, pain-relieving mechanisms has boosted the development of various SCS paradigms. High density spinal cord stimulation (HD-SCS) is one of those promising, novel stimulation forms characterized by subthreshold stimulation, delivering more pulses per second and a higher pulse density to the spinal cord than conventional SCS...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410172/impact-of-additional-treatment-of-paralumbar-spine-and-peripheral-nerve-diseases-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#8
Juntaro Matsumoto, Toyohiko Isu, Kyongsong Kim, Naotaka Iwamoto, Kazuyoshi Yamazaki, Daijiro Morimoto, Masanori Isobe
OBJECTIVE: Some patients experience failed back surgery syndrome after lumbar spine surgery. We report the effect of additional treatments for paralumbar spine and peripheral nerve diseases addressing residual symptoms after surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 74 patients (59 men and 15 women; mean age 62.9 years) who had undergone lumbar posterior decompression surgery. Mean follow-up after initial surgery was 26.2 months (range, 13-48 months). We subsequently diagnosed paralumbar spine diseases, including superior cluneal nerve entrapment neuropathy with (n = 3) or without gluteus medius muscle pain (n = 4) and gluteus medius muscle pain alone (n = 5), and peripheral nerve diseases, including peroneal nerve entrapment neuropathy (n = 4) and tarsal tunnel syndrome (n = 1), based on persistent or recurring clinical symptoms and nerve block effects...
April 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375941/use-of-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-elderly-patients-with-multi-factorial-chronic-lumbar-and-non-radicular-lower-extremity-pain
#9
Michelle Granville, Aldo F Berti, Robert E Jacobson
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective treatment for chronic back and limb pain. The criteria for use of SCS for specific problems such as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS), peripheral neuropathic pain and residual pain after joint replacement is well established. With an aging population, there are more patients presenting with a combination of various multi-factorial chronic pain problems rather than from a single clear cause. It is not uncommon to see patients with chronic back pain years after spine surgery with new additional pain in the area of joint replacement or due to peripheral neuropathy...
November 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345843/does-the-use-of-epiduroscopic-lysis-of-adhesions-reduce-the-need-for-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-a-short-term-pilot-study
#10
S J Tuijp, J Van Zundert, P De Vooght, M Puylaert, R Mestrum, R Heylen, P Vanelderen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Persistent low back pain after initially successful surgery that is not attributed to structural deficits, is called failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). When conservative and minimal invasive therapy fail, the recommended treatment is spinal cord stimulation (SCS). Because epidural fibrosis can be a contributing factor in the majority of FBSS patients, lumbosacral epiduroscopic lysis of adhesions may be considered as a less invasive alternative treatment option. We hypothesized that the use of epiduroscopic lysis of adhesions could reduce the need for SCS...
January 18, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230247/wireless-neuromodulation-for-chronic-back-pain-delivery-of-high-frequency-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-by-a-minimally-invasive-technique
#11
Bart Billet, Roel Wynendaele, Niek E Vanquathem
Objective: To evaluate the analgesic effect of a dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation technology utilizing high-frequency pulse rates to treat intractable chronic back and leg pain. Methods: This case study presents the outcomes, with a novel, wireless, minimally invasive miniature neurostimulator system in a case of chronic back pain. The subject was implanted bilaterally with a Freedom 4A quadripolar electrode array at the L2 dorsal root ganglion. Stimulation was applied using 10 kHz pulse rate and 30 μs pulse width...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206315/intrathecal-trialing-of-continuous-infusion-combination-therapy-with-hydromorphone-and-bupivacaine-in-failed-back-surgery-patients
#12
Ryan J Galica, Salim M Hayek, Elias Veizi, Matthew T McEwan, Sivakanth Katta, Omar Ali, Nida Aziz, Nidhi Sondhi
OBJECTIVES: Intrathecal (IT) trial is a prognostic interventional pain management procedure employed to determine the potential success of treating intractable pain with an implantable infusion device system. There is a dearth of data regarding trials with continuous infusion of combination therapy (e.g. opioid combined with local anesthetic). The objective of the this study was to determine the overall outcomes of continuous infusion IT trials and factors influencing long-term success of IT therapy in patients with chronic intractable pain post-laminectomy...
December 5, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126228/prospective-randomized-blind-effect-on-outcome-study-of-conventional-vs-high-frequency-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-patients-with-pain-and-disability-due-to-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#13
Jose De Andres, Vicente Monsalve-Dolz, Gustavo Fabregat-Cid, Vicente Villanueva-Perez, Anushik Harutyunyan, Juan Marcos Asensio-Samper, Nerea Sanchis-Lopez
Objectives: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) show variable results and limited to moderate evidence. In the last years the stimulation of high frequency (HF) has been considered as a better alternative in this pathology for its supposed benefits compared to the stimulation with conventional frequency (CF). To compare in one year follow-up, the efficacy of high-frequency SCS (HF) versus conventional frequency SCS (CF) on the patients with FBSS...
December 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105225/is-the-self-reporting-of-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-treated-with-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-line-with-objective-measurements
#14
Lisa Goudman, Iris Smet, Peter Mariën, Mats De Jaeger, Sander De Groote, Eva Huysmans, Koen Putman, Jean-Pierre Van Buyten, Ronald Buyl, Maarten Moens
OBJECTIVES: To understand the subjective pain experience of patients, healthcare providers rely heavily on self-reporting. However, to quantify this unique pain experience, objective parameters are not yet available in daily clinical practice. With regard to patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) treated with spinal cord stimulation (SCS), pain therapists may recover the individual functional information about the patient's posture from the implantable pulse generator (IPG) of the stimulator...
January 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098646/failed-back-surgery-syndrome-a-new-strategy-by-the-epidural-injection-of-mesna
#15
M Carassiti, A Di Martino, A Centonze, C C Quattrocchi, A Caldaria, F Agrò, V Denaro
PURPOSE: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of MESNA (sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate) injection into the epidural space in the FBSS. METHODS: We designed a prospective phase II longitudinal study. Six consecutive patients were enrolled. Patients underwent one peridural injection per week for 3 weeks. NRS and ODI were investigated before and 48 h after injections, and at 1 week, 1 month and 2 months after the last procedures. Opioids intake is investigated before procedures and 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after the last procedures...
November 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037934/the-primary-diagnosis-and-the-coexisting-anxiety-disorders-have-no-impact-on-the-additional-surgical-procedure-after-spinal-cord-stimulators-implantation-an-analysis-of-11-029-patients
#16
Koji Tamai, Zorica Buser, Christopher Wang, Permsak Paholpak, Hiroaki Nakamura, Jeffrey C Wang, Patrick C Hsieh
Studies have demonstrated superior outcomes and cost effectiveness of the spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for the treatment of chronic pain syndromes such as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) or complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). However, little is known about the impact of primary diagnosis or mental disorders on the revision rate. This is the Retrospective cohort study to analyze the reintervention rates based on the primary diagnosis or comorbid mental disorder. Data of the annual trends of SCS use, revision and removal rate of SCS and additional surgical rate after removal was collected and analyzed for patients undergoing SCS between 2007 and 2015, within a private insurance billing database...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028758/mr-neurography-of-lumbosacral-plexus-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#17
Riham Dessouky, Mohammed Khaleel, Dalia N Khalifa, Hazim I Tantawy, Avneesh Chhabra
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical case series. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of MRN of lumbosacral plexus in management of patients with FBSS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is one of the major problems in health care, affecting up to 40% of patients following spine surgery. To date, no imaging modality has been used to effectively classify nerve compression, since nerve injuries are challenging to detect on conventional lumbar spine MRI...
October 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018654/double-crush-of-l5-spinal-nerve-root-due-to-l4-5-lateral-recess-stenosis-and-bony-spur-formation-of-lumbosacral-transitional-vertebra-pseudoarticulation-a-case-report-and-review
#18
Motoyuki Iwasaki, Masahiko Akiyama, Izumi Koyanagi, Yoshimasa Niiya, Tatsuo Ihara, Kiyohiro Houkin
We present a case of double-crushed L5 nerve root symptoms caused by inside and outside of the spinal canal with spur formation of the lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV). A 78-year-old man presented with 7-year history of moderate paresis of his toe and left leg pain when walking. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed spinal stenosis at the L3/4 and 4/5 spinal levels and he underwent wide fenestration of both levels. Leg pain disappeared and 6-min walk distance (6MWD) improved after surgery, however, the numbness in his toes increased and 6MWD decreased 9 months after surgery...
October 2017: NMC Case Report Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960653/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-stimulation-as-a-treatment-for-neuropathic-pain-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Conrad Harrison, Sarah Epton, Stana Bojanic, Alexander L Green, James J FitzGerald
OBJECTIVE: Dorsal root ganglion stimulation (DRGS) received its first regulatory approval (CE marking in Europe) in late 2011, and so its use is now almost six years old. Several thousand patients have already been treated, and a landmark trial in lower limb complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and causalgia has recently been published. METHODS: In this review we have summarized the literature to date on the use of DRGS in the treatment of neuropathic pain. RESULTS: The results so far are encouraging, with reports of successful use in treating a wide range of indications including postsurgical pain, CRPS, and phantom pain...
April 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934801/increasing-rates-of-imaging-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-implications-for-spinal-cord-stimulation
#20
S Harrison Farber, Jing L Han, Frank W Petraglia Iii, Robert Gramer, Siyun Yang, Promila Pagadala, Beth Parente, Jichun Xie, Jeffrey R Petrella, Shivanand P Lad
BACKGROUND: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) has a high incidence following spinal surgery, is notoriously refractory to treatment, and results in high health care utilization. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a well-accepted modality for pain relief in this population; however, until recently magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was prohibited due to risk of heat conduction through the device. OBJECTIVES: We examined trends in imaging use over the past decade in patients with FBSS to determine its impact on health care utilization and implications for patients receiving SCS...
September 2017: Pain Physician
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