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Jin-Gyu Choi, Sang-Woo Ha, Byung-Chul Son
OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the difference in clinical outcome and the position of paddle lead spinal cord stimulation (SCS) between three-column and five-column paddle lead SCS in patients with FBSS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 21 patients who underwent paddle lead SCS at T9 (three-column, n = 9; five-column, n =12) for FBSS, a 12-month follow-up numerical rating scale, percent pain relief, and CT assessment of contact angle and percent reduction of T9 canal area were investigated...
October 12, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Ciara Clancy, Alison Quinn, Fiona Wilson
PURPOSE: Four to fifty percent of patients will develop Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) following lumbar spine surgery. Repeated surgeries lead to escalating costs and subsequent decreases in success rate. Much of the research to date has focused on the psychosocial factors associated with FBSS. All factors including physical and pathological aetiologies should be examined. These factors may be independent, co-exist with or predispose patients to the psychological factors associated with FBSS...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Hans-Raimund Casser
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a frequent complication (15-40 %) of lumbar disc surgery and is rarely successfully treated by surgery with the exception of a re-prolapse associated with radicular pain. Multimodal pain treatment, however, is indicated by a lack of pathoanatomical correlates, unclear cause and psychosocial risk factors.This review describes a standardized non-operative treatment starting with broad interdisciplinary clarification by medical, psychological and physiotherapeutic means (assessment)...
September 2016: Der Orthopäde
A S Nikitin
This review provides current data on the failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) of lumbar degenerative disease. The full range of complications forming this term is described. The data on the frequency and risk factors of various forms of FBSS are presented. General symptoms and diagnosis of the main FBSS forms are described. The questions of prevention and treatment of FBSS are considered.
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Kliment Gatzinsky, Roald Baardsen, Hendrik P Buschman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous octapolar (8-contact) leads in spinal cord stimulation (SCS) treatment of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) patients who have not reached their therapy goals with other treatment interventions. METHODS: Our prospective, multicenter, open-label, nonrandomized study included 93 patients ≥ 18 years of age suffering from chronic (≥ 6 months), intractable pain predominantly in the legs. Patients implanted with octapolar lead(s) and a neurostimulator after a successful test trial were followed for 12 months...
July 20, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Ali Yavuz Karahan, Nilay Sahin, Akın Baskent
BACKGROUND: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a condition characterized by persistent pain following back surgeries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of different exercises programs in FBSS. METHODS: A Single-blind, randomized, controlled trial designed. One hundred participants with failed back surgery syndrome were randomly assigned to three different exercises groups (Isokinetic, Dynamic lumbar stabilization (DLS), and home exercises (HE) groups) and a control group...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Richard L Weiner, Anthony Yeung, Carlos Montes Garcia, Laura Tyler Perryman, Benjamin Speck
OBJECTIVES: Test a miniaturized neurostimulator transforaminally placed at the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and evaluate the device's safety and efficacy in treating failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) low back pain. DESIGN: Pilot, two-phase study. SUBJECTS: Eleven subjects with chronic intractable neuropathic trunk and/or lower limbs pain were included. METHODS: The system consisted of an implantable, miniaturized stimulator, provided by Stimwave Technologies (Freedom-4) and an external transmitter...
April 28, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
N P Denisova, D Yu Rogov, D A Rzaev, E A Khabarova, A B Dmitriev
AIM: The study objective was to estimate the efficacy of chronic epidural spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of patients with neuropathic pain syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A system for chronic spinal cord stimulation (St. Jude) was implanted to 75 patients with neuropathic pain syndrome. Fifty three (70.7%) patients were diagnosed with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS); 9 (12.0%) patients had complex regional pain syndrome type II; 4 (5.3%) patients had diabetic polyneuropathy of the lower limbs; 3 (4...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Bruno Bordoni, Fabiola Marelli
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a term used to define an unsatisfactory outcome of a patient who underwent spinal surgery, irrespective of type or intervention area, with persistent pain in the lumbosacral region with or without it radiating to the leg. The possible reasons and risk factors that would lead to FBSS can be found in distinct phases: in problems already present in the patient before a surgical approach, such as spinal instability, during surgery (for example, from a mistake by the surgeon), or in the postintervention phase in relation to infections or biomechanical alterations...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Salim M Hayek, Elias Veizi, Michael Hanes
BACKGROUND: . Intrathecal (IT) pumps have become a valuable tool in managing intractable non-cancer pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using a rigorous treatment algorithm for trialing and implanting IT pumps with hydromorphone and bupivacaine in managing a more homogeneous population of post-laminectomy syndrome or failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) patients. METHODS: . This is a retrospective analysis of FBSS patients with chronic intractable back pain implanted with IT pumps delivering hydromorphone and bupivacaine...
December 14, 2015: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Thomas M Kinfe, Bogdan Pintea, Carolina Link, Sandra Roeske, Erdem Güresir, Ági Güresir, Hartmut Vatter
BACKGROUND: Conventional spinal cord stimulation (SCS) exhibits pain relief and improved quality of life in refractory failed back surgery syndrome. However, patients suffering from predominant back pain failed to achieve a favorable neuromodulation outcome. Currently, two new stimulation concepts, the burst and the HF10 stimulation paradigms successfully suppress intractable back pain levels in this difficult-to-treat subgroup. To date, literature data comparing both stimulation patterns is lacking...
April 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Joshua T Anderson, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
Lumbar diskography (LD) is frequently used in the evaluation of patients with degenerative disk disease and diskogenic low back pain. Its safety and diagnostic accuracy are a topic of debate. No study has evaluated the efficacy of LD within the clinically distinct workers' compensation population. Within this setting, the authors wished to determine the effect of undergoing LD before diskogenic fusion on rates of postoperative failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). Also, the authors compared opioid analgesic use between patients undergoing LD and patients not undergoing LD...
November 2015: Orthopedics
Hari Gopal, Joseph Fitzgerald, Connail McCrory
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is used for the treatment of chronic neuropathic pain, a notoriously difficult condition to treat. Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) and Complex Regional Pain syndrome (CRPS) remain the strongest indications. Funding remains a difficult issue and the use of trial of stimulation is the traditional method of ensuring best outcomes from implantation. METHODS: A retrospective and consecutive review of 80 cases of spinal cord stimulation for patients with a diagnosis of FBSS and CRPS having undergone prior comprehensive medical management and interventional treatment with no sustained benefit...
2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Burak Duruk, Hanife Özlem Sertel Berk, Ayşegül Ketenci
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether Fibromyalgia and Failed Back Surgery Syndromes (FMS-FBSS) may be evaluated under the single heading of Functional Somatic Syndromes (FSS) with respect to their symptomatological characteristics such as intensity, frequency, age of onset, duration, painful areas, fear of pain, and pain coping styles; familial characteristics such as family history of chronic medical illness, psychopathology and pain; and psychological characteristics such as manner of dealing with pain, fear of pain, alexithymia, symptom interpretation, somatosensory amplification and depression...
2015: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Rebecca A Sanders, Susan M Moeschler, Halena M Gazelka, Tim J Lamer, Zhen Wang, Wenchun Qu, Bryan C Hoelzer
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord stimulators (SCS) are used to treat various chronic pain states. Establishing patient outcomes in terms of pain control, opioid medication use, and overall satisfaction is vital in maintaining SCS's role in clinical practice. METHODS: All patients who underwent SCS implantation between January 2001 and December 2011 at a tertiary academic pain medicine center were included if he or she underwent permanent cervical or thoracolumbar dorsal column SCS implantation and age was 18 or greater...
September 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Mohammed F Shamji, Alina Shcharinsky
INTRODUCTION: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a type of neuropathic pain where extremity symptoms persist despite structurally corrective spinal surgery. This implies more substantial nerve damage rather than simply dysfunction whereby correcting the inciting structural derangement does not provide for clinical resolution. What remains unclear is how to predict which patients are likely to derive benefit from surgical intervention, and whether specific pain characteristics are associated with different likelihoods of good outcome...
August 2015: Neurosurgery
Frank William Petraglia, S Harrison Farber, Steven M Thomas, Frances Wang, Levis Eric Churchill, Shivanand P Lad
INTRODUCTION: Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) is notoriously refractory to treatment resulting in high health care utilization and high health care costs. Given the recent emphasis of cost-conscious care in the United States, we examined the trends in imaging use in FBSS over the past decade. Furthermore, the role of different types of imaging modalities MRI vs non-MRI is of interest when considering potential therapeutic interventions, including spinal cord stimulation (SCS), a common therapy for treating neuropathic pain in the FBSS population...
August 2015: Neurosurgery
Jung-Tung Liu, Cheng-Siu Chang, Chen-Hsing Su, Cho-Shun Li
Perfusion difference is used as a parameter to evaluate microcirculation. This study aims to differentiate lower-limb perfusion insufficiency from neuropathy to prevent possible occurrence of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS).Patients were retrospectively gathered from 134 FBSS cases diagnosed in the past 7 years. Up to 82 cases that were excluded from neuralgia by radiologic imaging, electrodiagnostic electromyography, and nerve conduction velocity were enrolled in this study. Perfusion difference was evaluated by single-photon emission computed tomography, and pain intensities were recorded via visual analog scale (VAS) score...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
R Rapcan, J Mlaka, M Venglarcik, V Vinklerova, M Gajdos, R Illes
AIM: Our clinical experience with high - frequency SCS for FBSS in patients with predominant low back pain is presented. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After a trial period, 100 % (21 out of 21) of patients with FBSS with predominant low back pain reported a significant improvement in visual analog scale (VAS) pain score and underwent permanent implantation of the high - frequency SCS system. SCS trials lasted 7-14 days (median 9 days). SCS leads were mostly positioned at the T8-10 or T8-12 vertebral levels ...
2015: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Steven M Falowski
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a commonly performed procedure and has been used for the treatment of chronic pain since the early 1970s. A review of the literature was performed utilizing the PubMed database evaluating the use of DBS in the treatment of various pain syndromes. Literature over the last 30 years was included with a focus on those articles in the last 10 years dealing with pain conditions with the highest success as well as the targets utilized for treatment. DBS carries favorable results for the treatment of chronic pain, especially when other methods have not been successful such as medications, conservative measures, and extracranial procedures...
July 2015: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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