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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907284/working-memory-in-very-low-birthweight-children-at-the-age-of-11-years
#1
Satu Korpela, Anna Nyman, Petriina Munck, Annarilla Ahtola, Jaakko Matomäki, Tapio Korhonen, Riitta Parkkola, Leena Haataja
The aim of this study is to investigate the working memory (WM) of very-low-birthweight (VLBW, ≤ 1500 g) children at the age of 11 years using Baddeley's WM model. A regional cohort of 95 VLBW children was assessed for the domains of the WM model (central executive [CE], visuospatial sketchpad [VS], and phonological loop [PL]) using subtests from the Working Memory Test Battery for Children (WMTB-C) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). VLBW children were categorized into three groups according to their degree of brain pathology (normal, minor, or major) in neonatal brain magnetic resonance imaging at the term age, and the WM performance was compared between groups to test norms...
December 1, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906557/barriers-to-human-milk-feeding-at-discharge-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-maternal-goal-setting-as-a-key-social-factor
#2
Erin Fleurant, Michael Schoeny, Rebecca Hoban, Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Brittany Riley, Paula P Meier, Harold Bigger, Aloka L Patel
BACKGROUND: While black mothers initiate human milk (HM) provision at lower rates than non-black mothers in the United States, some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) report similar initiation rates regardless of race/ethnicity for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. However, racial disparity frequently becomes evident in the proportion of black infants who continue to receive HM feedings at NICU discharge. Since social factors have been associated with differences in HM provision for term infants, we sought to identify differences in social factors associated with HM feeding at discharge based on race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888392/factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-mothers-of-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#3
M R S Moura, C G A Araújo, M M Prado, H B M S Paro, R M C Pinto, V O S Abdallah, T M S Mendonça, C H M Silva
AIM: To analyze possible factors associated with the quality of life (QoL) of mothers of preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) during the first 3 years after delivery. METHODS: The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-bref scores were compared and correlated with maternal and infant-related sociodemographic and clinical variables at maternal discharge (T0) and at 6 (T1), 12 (T2), 24 (T3), and 36 (T4) months after delivery. Multiple linear regression models were fitted to investigate the effect of these variables on the mothers' QoL...
November 25, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#4
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875287/two-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-nutrition-intervention-trial-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
Jorine A Roelants, Hester Vlaardingerbroek, Chris H P van den Akker, Rogier C J de Jonge, Johannes B van Goudoever, Marijn J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: Very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants are at risk for neurodevelopment impairment. This study assessed the effect of early aggressive parenteral nutrition (PN) on long-term outcome in VLBW infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Directly after birth, VLBW infants (birth weight <1500 g, n = 142) were randomized to 5 different PN regimes. Controls (n = 46) received glucose and standard-dose amino acids (AAs; 2.4 g/[kg·d]) from birth onward and pure soybean oil fat emulsion (SOY) on the second day of life...
November 10, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853320/burnout-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-and-its-relation-to-healthcare-associated-infections
#6
D S Tawfik, J B Sexton, P Kan, P J Sharek, C C Nisbet, J Rigdon, H C Lee, J Profit
OBJECTIVE: To examine burnout prevalence among California neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and to test the relation between burnout and healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of provider perceptions of burnout from 2073 nurse practitioners, physicians, registered nurses and respiratory therapists, using a validated four-item questionnaire based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852166/perinatal-risk-factors-for-pneumothorax-and-morbidity-and-mortality-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Fermín García-Muñoz Rodrigo, Lourdes Urquía Martí, Gloria Galán Henríquez, Sonia Rivero Rodríguez, Patricia Tejera Carreño, Silvia Molo Amorós, Pedro Cabrera Vega, Fernando Rodríguez Ramón
AIM: To determine the perinatal risk factors for pneumothorax in Very-Low-Birth-Weight (VLBW) infants and the associated morbidity and mortality in this population. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively from a cohort of VLBW neonates assisted in our Unit (2006-2013). We included all consecutive in-born patients with? 1500 grams, without severe congenital anomalies. Perinatal history, demographics, interventions, and clinical outcomes were collected...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844493/does-rapid-enteral-feeding-increase-intestinal-morbidity-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
Franziska Belling-Dierks, Kirsten Glaser, Johannes Wirbelauer, Viktoria Rücker, Eric Frieauff
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of a standardized rapid enteral feeding strategy (established in 2011 in our unit) with intestinal morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: A total of 301 inborn VLBW infants were included in this single-centre retrospective cohort study. We compared the incidence of intestinal morbidity (defined as necrotizing enterocolitis or intestinal perforation) in slowly enterally fed infants in 2008-2010 (10 ml/kg/day increase of milk feeds) to a corresponding cohort of rapidly enterally fed infants in 2011-2013 (20 ml/kg/day increase of milk feeds)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834782/alarms-oxygen-saturations-and-spo2-averaging-time-in-the-nicu
#9
C McClure, S Young Jang, K Fairchild
BACKGROUND: Alarm overload is a significant concern in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Selecting a longer oxygen saturation (SpO2) averaging time will reduce the number of alarms but may mask fluctuations in oxygenation. OBJECTIVE: Characterize bedside monitor alarms in the NICU and estimate the impact of longer SpO2 averaging time and alarm delay. METHODS: All bedside monitor alarms were analyzed over a 12-month period in the University of Virginia NICU, using the default averaging time (8 seconds) and SpO2 alarm limits set at 88-95% for infants on supplemental oxygen...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828937/ethyl-linolenate-is-elevated-in-meconium-of-very-low-birthweight-neonates-exposed-to-alcohol-in-utero
#10
Teresa S Gross, Frank Harris, Lou Ann S Brown, Theresa W Gauthier
BACKGROUND: The health implications of in utero alcohol exposure have been difficult to study in very low birth weight newborns (VLBW) because of an inability to identify maternal alcohol exposure. Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) are elevated in meconium of alcohol-exposed term newborns. We hypothesized that meconium FAEEs would be similarly elevated in alcohol-exposed VLBW premature newborns. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of 64 VLBW neonates, newborns were classified into Non-Exposed, Any Exposure, or Weekly Exposure groups based on an in-depth structured maternal interview...
November 9, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826851/recombinant-activated-factor-viia-rfviia-treatment-in-very-low-birth-weight-vlbw-premature-infants-with-acute-pulmonary-hemorrhage-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#11
Hese Cosar, Halil Isik, Salih Cagrı Cakır, Nese Yar, Bulent Goksen, Hakan Tokbay, Hasan Kertmen, Nihal Erdoğan, Ikbal Durak
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous administration of recombinant activated factor VIIa (rFVIIa) for acute pulmonary hemorrhage treatment in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) premature infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out retrospectively in premature infants with pulmonary hemorrhage that were ≤30 weeks gestational age or <1250 g birth weight. The data of all VLBW premature infants with pulmonary hemorrhage who were hospitalized in our neonatal intensive care unit between 01 January 2013 and 31 December 2015 were evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825008/effect-of-supplemental-donor-human-milk-compared-with-preterm-formula-on-neurodevelopment-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-18-months-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
COMMENT
Deborah L O'Connor, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Nicole Bando, Joan Brennan-Donnan, Eugene Ng, Douglas M Campbell, Simone Vaz, Christoph Fusch, Elizabeth Asztalos, Paige Church, Edmond Kelly, Linh Ly, Alan Daneman, Sharon Unger
Importance: For many very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, there is insufficient mother's milk, and a supplement of pasteurized donor human milk or preterm formula is required. Awareness of the benefits of mother's milk has led to an increase in use of donor milk, despite limited data evaluating its efficacy. Objective: To determine if nutrient-enriched donor milk compared with formula, as a supplement to mother's milk, reduces neonatal morbidity, supports growth, and improves neurodevelopment in VLBW infants...
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819116/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#13
Kai Duan, Jin Guo, Ping Lei
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and immunogenicity of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCVs) in preterm infants. METHODS: In accordance with the PRISM (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement (as of May 2015), a meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of PCVs in preterm infants. RESULTS: Ten thousand nine hundred sixty full-term infants and 2131 preterm infants with 344 preterm infants of <2500 g birth weight [low-birth weight (LBW)] were included, and all the subjects were immunized with either PCV-7, PCV-10 or PCV-13 in this random-effects meta-analysis...
November 7, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818459/serial-investigation-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-a-very-low-birth-weight-infant-with-transient-late-onset-hyperglycemia
#14
Toshihiko Nakamura, Daisuke Hatanaka, Mari Nakamura, Michiko Kusakari, Hidehiro Takahashi, Takashi Kamohara
Transient late-onset hyperglycemia was detected in a very low birth weight (VLBW) infant (gestational age 28 weeks, birth weight 1,082 g) by routine point-of-care glucose monitoring. The infant had no clinical symptom. Serial continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) was conducted for 3 days at 31, 35, and 39 weeks' post conceptual age. The difference values between the maximum and minimum blood glucose levels during the interval from one enteral feeding to the next enteral feeding were 32.3±14.3 mg/dL, 47...
November 3, 2016: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816866/atrazine-and-nitrate-in-drinking-water-and-the-risk-of-preterm-delivery-and-low-birth-weight-in-four-midwestern-states
#15
Leslie Thomas Stayner, Kirsten Almberg, Rachael Jones, Judith Graber, Marie Pedersen, Mary Turyk
BACKGROUND: Atrazine and nitrate are common contaminants in water, and there is limited evidence that they are associated with adverse birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine whether atrazine and nitrate in water are associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery (PTD) and term low birth weight (LBW). METHODS: The study included a total of 134,258 singletons births born between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2008 from 46 counties in four Midwestern states with public water systems that were included in the U...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809613/in-resource-limited-areas-complete-enteral-feed-in-stable-very-low-birth-weight-infants-1000-1500grams-started-within-24%C3%A2-hours-of-life-can-improve-nutritional-outcome
#16
Reeta Bora, Nishchay B Murthy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility of complete enteral feed in stable very low birth weight neonates weighing 1000-1500 gms. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS: One hundred & three stable vlbw neonates (1000-1500gms) irrespective of gestational age were randomized to receive either complete enteral feed(CEF) with expressed breast milk (EBM)(n = 51) or minimal enteral feed (MEF) supplemented with intravenous fluid. (MEF)(n = 52).Feed volume was increased progressively...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806990/influence-of-own-mother-s-milk-on-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-costs
#17
Aloka L Patel, Tricia J Johnson, Beverley Robin, Harold R Bigger, Ashley Buchanan, Elizabeth Christian, Vikram Nandhan, Anita Shroff, Michael Schoeny, Janet L Engstrom, Paula P Meier
BACKGROUND: Human milk from the infant's mother (own mother's milk; OMM) feedings reduces the risk of several morbidities in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, but limited data exist regarding its impact on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). OBJECTIVE: To prospectively study the impact of OMM received in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on the risk of BPD and associated costs. DESIGN/METHODS: A 5-year prospective cohort study of the impact of OMM dose on growth, morbidity and NICU costs in VLBW infants...
November 2, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805908/twin-pregnancy-in-women-above-the-age-of-45-years-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#18
Tomer Avnon, Alon Haham, Ariel Many
Childbearing age continues to rise and, with the increasing implementation of assisted reproductive technology (ART), the number of multiple pregnancies has also risen. This is a retrospective cohort study on maternal and neonatal outcomes of the twin pregnancies of 57 women aged ≥45 years compared to 114 younger women who gave birth in our institution between January 2011 and August 2015. Data were extracted from the real-time computerized database. The rates of hypertensive complications and pre-eclampsia (PE) were much higher in the study group compared to the controls (24/57 vs...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792267/very-low-birth-weight-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-survivors-had-similar-cardiac-outcomes-to-controls-at-6-14-years-of-age
#19
Piia Suursalmi, Anneli Eerola, Tuija Poutanen, Päivi Korhonen, Tarja Kopeli, Outi Tammela
AIM: This study evaluated cardiac function and its associations with lung function and neonatal pulmonary morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) children, with and without severe radiographic bronchopulmonary dysplasia (radBPD), at school age. METHODS: We examined 18 VLBW children with radBPD, 17 VLBW children without radBPD and 18 healthy term-born children using conventional echocardiography, tissue Doppler imaging, speckle tracking echocardiography and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography at 6-14 years of age...
October 28, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790540/a-randomized-trial-comparing-efficacy-of-bubble-and-ventilator-derived-nasal-cpap-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-with-respiratory-distress
#20
Sheetal Agarwal, Arti Maria, Mahesh K Roy, Ankit Verma
INTRODUCTION: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) has an established role in the care of Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) babies with respiratory distress. Bubble CPAP (BCPAP) is a cheap alternative for countries where resources are limited. However, data comparing efficacy of BCPAP with conventional ventilator derived (VCPAP) is limited. AIM: To compare CPAP failure rates between BCPAP and VCPAP among VLBW, with moderate respiratory distress. Secondary objectives were to compare the rates of Intraventricular Haemorrhage (IVH), pulmonary air leaks and deaths between the two groups and determine the predictors of CPAP failure...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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