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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339607/gross-motor-trajectories-during-the-first-year-of-life-for-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight
#1
Yu-Han Su, Suh-Fang Jeng, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Yu-Kang Tu, Yen-Tzu Wu, Li-Chiou Chen
Background.: Early identification of motor dysfunction in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants is important in order to provide early intervention. Objective.: This study was to examine the motor trajectories of VLBW preterm infants during their first year of life and to investigate the predictive ability and influencing factors of the trajectories. Design and Methods.: A total of 342 VLBW preterm infants were prospectively assessed for motor development by the Alberta Infant Motor Scales at 4, 6, 9 and 12 months and for developmental outcomes using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development- second edition at 24 months...
February 4, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304320/optimal-radiologic-position-of-an-umbilical-venous-catheter-tip-as-determined-by-echocardiography-in-very-low-birth-weight-newborns
#2
B C F Karber, J Nielsen, D Balsam, C Messina, D Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To compare chest X-ray with echocardiogram (ECHO) in the localization of an umbilical venous catheter (UVC) tip in very low birth weight infants (VLBW). Secondary objectives determined the association between techniques for tip placement by the vertebral body level on X-ray, as well as the length of the thoracic inferior vena cava-right atrial (TIVC-RA) junction by ECHO. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, sequentially enrolled, masked, single regional perinatal center study...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295577/higher-growth-fat-and-fat-free-masses-correlate-with-larger-cerebellar-volumes-in-preterm-infants-at-term
#3
Giulia Paviotti, Angela De Cunto, Floriana Zennaro, Giulia Boz, Laura Travan, Gabriele Cont, Jenny Bua, Sergio Demarini
AIM: Smaller cerebellar volumes in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at term have been related to adverse cognitive outcomes and this study evaluated whether these volumes were associated with a growth in body composition during hospital stays. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 42 VLBW infants from an Italian neonatal unit between January 2013 and August 2015. Cerebellar volumes and body composition were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and air-displacement plethysmography, respectively, at 40 weeks of gestational age and anthropometric and nutritional data were collected...
March 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292615/perinatal-outcomes-among-singletons-after-assisted-reproductive-technology-with-single-embryo-or-double-embryo-transfer-versus-no-assisted-reproductive-technology
#4
Angela S Martin, Jeani Chang, Yujia Zhang, Jennifer F Kawwass, Sheree L Boulet, Patricia McKane, Dana Bernson, Dmitry M Kissin, Denise J Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To examine outcomes of singleton pregnancies conceived without assisted reproductive technology (non-ART) compared with singletons conceived with ART by elective single-embryo transfer (eSET), nonelective single-embryo transfer (non-eSET), and double-embryo transfer with the establishment of 1 (DET -1) or ≥2 (DET ≥2) early fetal heartbeats. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using linked ART surveillance data and vital records from Florida, Massachusetts, Michigan, and Connecticut...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287810/evaluation-of-initial-respiratory-support-strategies-in-vlbw-neonates-with-rds
#5
Seyyed Abolfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Maryam Khoshnood Shariati, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Esmaili
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has brought about a significant change in care and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The present study was designed and conducted to evaluate different strategies of initial respiratory support (IRS) in VLBW neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted over three years (March 21, 2011 to March 20, 2014)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283612/self-reported-mental-health-problems-among-adults-born-preterm-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Riikka Pyhälä, Elina Wolford, Hannu Kautiainen, Sture Andersson, Peter Bartmann, Nicole Baumann, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Kari Anne I Evensen, Petteri Hovi, Eero Kajantie, Marius Lahti, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Saroj Saigal, Louis A Schmidt, Marit S Indredavik, Dieter Wolke, Katri Räikkönen
CONTEXT: Preterm birth increases the risk for mental disorders in adulthood, yet findings on self-reported or subclinical mental health problems are mixed. OBJECTIVE: To study self-reported mental health problems among adults born preterm at very low birth weight (VLBW; ≤1500 g) compared with term controls in an individual participant data meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Adults Born Preterm International Collaboration. STUDY SELECTION: Studies that compared self-reported mental health problems using the Achenbach Young Adult Self Report or Adult Self Report between adults born preterm at VLBW (n = 747) and at term (n = 1512)...
March 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279123/a-pioneering-study-oral-clarithromycin-treatment-for-feeding-intolerance-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#7
Selim Sancak, Tugba Gursoy, Abdulhamit Tuten, Didem Arman, Guner Karatekin, Fahri Ovali
PURPOSE: To examine the prokinetic effect of clarithromycin in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: VLBW preterm infants who have not achieved half of the full enteral feeding in the second week of life were enrolled in the study. The infants enrolled in the study were randomized. 20 infants received oral clarithromycin (7.5 mg/kg, twice a day) and 20 control infants did not receive any treatment. RESULTS: Full enteral feeding was attained earlier in the clarithromycin group than in the control group [7 (6-9) vs 9 (9-11) days, respectively; p < 0...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274153/role-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-growth-and-breast-feeding-rates-in-very-low-birth-weight-vlbw-neonates-a-systematic-review
#8
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Sweta Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Akash Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of Kangaroo mother care (KMC) on growth and breast feeding rates in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. METHOD AND MATERIAL: A literature search was done to identify eligible studies using various electronic database searches including PubMed and EMBASE, various Web of Science including Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), SCIWIN (Scientific World Index), Google Scholar, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information System (LILACS), Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR), Index Medicus for the South-East Asian Region (IMSEAR), and Western Pacific Region Index Medicus (WPRIM) and various clinical trial registries...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255805/follow-up-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-neonates-during-childhood-years-fancy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Matthew W Harer, Chelsea F Pope, Mark R Conaway, Jennifer R Charlton
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates commonly experience acute kidney injury (AKI) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We hypothesize that VLBW neonates exposed to AKI in the NICU might be at a higher risk of renal dysfunction during childhood. METHODS: In this cohort study, VLBW children (aged 3-7 years) completed a kidney health evaluation and were stratified according to AKI status in the NICU. The primary outcome was renal dysfunction defined as any of the following: estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <90 mL/min/1...
March 3, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239074/joint-attention-development-in-low-risk-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-around-18-months-of-age
#10
Noriko Yamaoka, Satoshi Takada
The purpose of this study was to clarify the developmental characteristics of joint attention in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with a low risk of complications. Section B of the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) was administered to 31 VLBW and 45 normal birth weight (NBW) infants aged 18-22 months, while the sessions were recorded with a video camera. A semi-structured observation scale was developed to assess infants' joint attention from the video footage, and was shown to be reliable. VLBW, compared to NBW, infants showed significantly poorer skills in 2 of 4 items on responding to joint attention, and in 6 of 10 items on initiating joint attention...
October 18, 2016: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214832/the-burden-of-respiratory-disease-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-changes-in-perinatal-care-and-outcomes-in-a-decade-in-spain
#11
Fermín García-Muñoz Rodrigo, Antonio Losada Martínez, María Dolores Elorza Fernández, Julio Moreno Hernando, Josep Figueras Aloy, Máximo Vento Torres
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal care have led to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Much of this progress is related to the prevention and management of respiratory disease. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes in perinatal care and its influence on respiratory morbidity and mortality among VLBW infants in Spain in 2 consecutive periods (2002-2006 and 2007-2011). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of data prospectively collected of all VLBW infants included in the Spanish SEN1500 network...
February 18, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208965/long-term-outcomes-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Sunil Gavhane, Deepak Eklare, Haseeb Mohammad
INTRODUCTION: Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been gaining acceptance as an effective alternative to incubator based Conventional Medical Care (CMC) in preterm or Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants especially in resource scarce developing countries. AIM: To report and analyse the long-term effects of KMC for relatively stable Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants on nutritional indicators and feeding conditions at 6-12 months of corrected age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was done at a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a teaching institution in southern India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206996/the-quest-for-sustained-multiple-morbidity-reduction-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-the-antifragility-project
#13
J W Kaempf, N M Schmidt, S Rogers, C Novack, M Friant, L Wang, N Tipping
OBJECTIVE: Can a comprehensive, explicitly directive evidence-based guideline for all therapies that might affect the major morbidities of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants help a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) further improve generally favorable morbidity rates? Can Antifragility principles of provider adaptive growth from stressors, enhanced infant risk assessment and adherence to effective therapies minimize unproven treatments and reduce all morbidities? STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively planned observational trial in VLBW infants: control group born October 2011 to September 2013 and study group October 2013 to September 2015...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206995/patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-premature-infants-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#14
M A Mohamed, M El-Dib, S Alqahtani, K Alyami, A N Ibrahim, H Aly
OBJECTIVE: Closing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a widely accepted approach in the management of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Our objective is to test the hypothesis that conservative management (no treatment) of PDA will not affect survival without chronic lung diseases (CLD). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study utilizes a prospectively collected database to compare two cohorts of VLBW infants. Infants in the first group (2001 to 2009) had their PDA treated with pharmacological and if necessary with surgical ligation...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202108/-clinical-efficacy-of-pulmonary-surfactant-combined-with-budesonide-for-preventing-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
Jing Pan, Ming-Wu Chen, Wen-Quan Ni, Tao Fang, Hui Zhang, Ye Chen, Jia-Hua Pan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy of intratracheal instillation of pulmonary surfactant (PS) combined with budesonide for preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Thirty VLBW infants with gestational age <32 weeks who developed neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) (grade III-IV) suffering from intrauterine infection were randomly assigned into a PS + budesonide group and a PS alone group...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196391/pentoxifylline-treatment-of-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-with-nosocomial-sepsis
#16
Şahin Hamilçıkan, Emrah Can, Övgü Büke, Meltem Erol, Özlem Bostan Gayret
Objective The objective of this study was to assess the result of intravenous pentoxifylline as an adjunct to antibiotic therapy on mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm neonates with nosocomial sepsis. Methods For the 18 VLBW preterm neonates, as an adjunct therapy to antibiotics regimens, pentoxifylline (5 mg/kg/h for 6 hours) was administered to premature infants with sepsis on 3 successive days. Clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded before and after treatment. Results Following pentoxifylline therapy, the immature-to-total neutrophil ratio and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were significantly decreased, while the blood pH and base excess were significantly increased (p < 0...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196365/the-golden-age-of-probiotics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-observational-studies-in-preterm-infants
#17
Elda Dermyshi, Yizhong Wang, Chongbin Yan, Wenchao Hong, Gang Qiu, Xiaohui Gong, Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: Over the last few years, probiotics have been one of the most studied interventions in neonatal medicine. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to analyse all studies (randomized controlled trials, RCTs, and observational studies) assessing the use of probiotics in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science...
February 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194395/gender-differences-in-respiratory-morbidity-and-mortality-of-preterm-neonates
#18
REVIEW
Courtney Denise Townsel, Sawyer F Emmer, Winston A Campbell, Naveed Hussain
For the past century, researchers have underscored the "disadvantage" observed in respiratory morbidity and mortality of male newborns. In this contemporary review, we examine gender differences in preterm infant respiratory morbidity and mortality specifically appraising differences in the very low birth weight (VLBW) population as well as the late preterm (LPT) population. In the era of postnatal surfactant and antenatal corticosteroids, the gender gap in neonatal outcomes has not narrowed. Structural, physiologic, and hormonal sex differences may be at the root of this disparity...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187059/clinical-and-microbiologic-characteristics-of-early-onset-sepsis-among-vlbw-infants-opportunities-for-antibiotic-stewardship
#19
Sagori Mukhopadhyay, Karen M Puopolo
BACKGROUND: Most very-low birth weight (birth weight <1500 grams, VLBW) infants receive empiric antibiotics for risk of early-onset sepsis (EOS). The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of VLBW infants with culture-confirmed EOS at a single center during 25 years, to identify opportunities for antibiotic stewardship. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study including VLBW infants admitted from 1990-2015. EOS was defined as isolation of a pathogen in blood or cerebrospinal fluid culture obtained < 72 hours of age...
February 9, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182674/evaluation-of-altitude-appropriate-reference-ranges-for-neutrophils-in-diagnosis-of-sepsis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#20
Jianhui Wang, Jialin Yu, Juan Fan, Yu He, Wenhui Dong, Zhengli Wang
BACKGROUND: The circulating neutrophil count was commonly believed to be influenced by altitude. At present, neutrophil reference ranges (RRs) for very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates are only available from the sea level and from high altitude. This study aimed to construct RRs for neutrophils in VLBW infants in an intermediate-altitude area and assess its usefulness in evaluation for sepsis. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective study of 2173 VLBW infants admitted to 20 hospitals in Chongqing in southwest of China with altitude from 1000 to 2600 feet...
2017: PloS One
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