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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922932/racial-disparities-in-the-transgenerational-transmission-of-low-birthweight-risk
#1
Collette N Ncube, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Jessica G Burke, Feifei Ye, John Marx, Steven M Albert
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of maternal low birthweight (LBW) with infant LBW and infant LBW subgroups (i.e. moderate and very LBW), overall and among non-Hispanic (NH) white and NH black mothers. DESIGN: We conducted a population-based cohort study in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, using linked birth record data of NH white and NH black mother-infant pairs (N = 6,633) born in 1979-1998 and 2009-2011, respectively. The exposure of interest was maternal LBW (birthweight <2500 grams) while the outcomes were infant LBW and LBW subgroups - moderate LBW (1,500-2,499 grams) or very LBW (<1,500 grams)...
September 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919598/risk-factors-and-immediate-outcome-of-very-low-birth-weight-babies-appropriate-for-gestational-age-in-newly-established-scanu-mymensingh-medical-college-hospital
#2
K Begum, M N Islam, M A Hossain, M A Ali, M K Islam, M A Islam, M Salim, M Oliullah
Low birth weight (LBW) is the most important preventable cause in the neonatal period leading to very high neonatal mortality and morbidity in developing countries like Bangladesh. A cross sectional study was conducted in the neonatology ward, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh from July 2014 to December 2014 to identify the risk factors and immediate hospital outcome of Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) Appropriate for Gestational Age (AGA) babies in context of present neonatal hospital care standard...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916575/effects-of-probiotics-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-sepsis-intraventricular-hemorrhage-mortality-length-of-hospital-stay-and-weight-gain-in-very-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jing Sun, Gayatri Marwah, Matthew Westgarth, Nicholas Buys, David Ellwood, Peter H Gray
Probiotics are increasingly used as a supplement to prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the magnitude of the effect of the probiotics on health outcomes among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Relevant articles from January 2003 to June 2017 were selected from a broad range of databases, including Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Studies were included if they used an RCT design, involved a VLBW infant (birthweight <1500 g or gestational age <32 wk) population, included a probiotic intervention group, measured necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as a primary outcome, and measured sepsis, mortality, length of hospital stay, weight gain, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) as additional outcomes...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901786/effect-of-gestational-age-on-the-epidemiology-of-late-onset-sepsis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-review
#4
Elsa de Palma Afonso, Stijn Blot
Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Late-onset sepsis affects a significant percentage of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Most affected newborns are preterm or low birth weight, but late-onset sepsis also affects late preterm and term infants. Understanding how gestational age affects the epidemiology of late-onset sepsis can be of use when defining strategies for its prevention and clinical management in NICU. Areas covered: Available evidence suggests the incidence and mortality of late-onset sepsis is higher in preterm and VLBW infants, but pathogen distribution and risk exposure is similar across all infants admitted to NICU...
September 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898404/high-versus-standard-volume-enteral-feeds-to-promote-growth-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
REVIEW
Thangaraj Abiramalatha, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, Anand Viswanathan, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Breast milk alone, given at standard recommended volumes (150 to 180 mL/kg/d), is not adequate to meet the protein, energy, and other nutrient requirements of growing preterm or low birth weight infants. One strategy that may be used to address these potential nutrient deficits is to give infants enteral feeds in excess of 200 mL/kg/d ('high-volume' feeds). This approach may increase nutrient uptake and growth rates, but concerns include that high-volume enteral feeds may cause feed intolerance, gastro-oesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, necrotising enterocolitis, or complications related to fluid overload, including patent ductus arteriosus and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890204/early-caffeine-prophylaxis-and-risk-of-failure-of-initial-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#6
Ravi M Patel, Kanecia Zimmerman, David P Carlton, Reese Clark, Daniel K Benjamin, P Brian Smith
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that early caffeine treatment on the day of birth, compared with later treatment in very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) infants receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, is associated with a decreased risk of CPAP failure in the first week of life. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, observational cohort study in 366 US neonatal intensive care units. We evaluated inborn, VLBW infants discharged from 2000 to 2014, who received only CPAP therapy without surfactant treatment on day of life (DOL) 0, had a 5-minute Apgar ≥3, and received caffeine in first week of life...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889772/human-papillomavirus-infection-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-a-data-linkage-study
#7
Judith Helen Ford, Ming Li, Wendy Scheil, David Roder
OBJECTIVE: Using unbiased population data, to examine whether having a positive Pap smear, and thus a high probability of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, is a significant risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in a subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Two independent population-based databases, namely the South Australian Perinatal Statistics Collection and the South Australian Cervical Screening Database, were deidentified and linked by the SANT Datalinkage Service...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866004/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-infants-with-very-low-birth-weights-are-associated-with-the-severity-of-their-extra-uterine-growth-retardation
#8
Han-Chun Chien, Chao-Huei Chen, Teh-Ming Wang, Ya-Chi Hsu, Ming-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: For infants with very low birth weights (VLBW), their neurodevelopmental outcomes are thought to be associated with extra-uterine growth retardation (EUGR). In this study, based on a single institute, we analyzed the association between different levels or severity of EUGR of VLBW infants and their neurodevelopmental outcomes later at a corrected age of 24 months. METHODS: This is a hospital-based retrospective cohort study. The severity of EUGR was classified into three categories according to the z-score of discharge weight: z < -2...
August 11, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854319/slow-advancement-of-enteral-feed-volumes-to-prevent-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#9
REVIEW
Sam J Oddie, Lauren Young, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Early enteral feeding practices are potentially modifiable risk factors for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm or very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Observational studies suggest that conservative feeding regimens, including slowly advancing enteral feed volumes, reduce the risk of NEC. However, slow feed advancement may delay establishment of full enteral feeding and may be associated with metabolic and infectious morbidities secondary to prolonged exposure to parenteral nutrition...
August 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826778/pregnancy-outcomes-of-women-with-a-congenital-unicornuate-uterus-after-ivf-embryo-transfer
#10
Xihong Li, Yan Ouyang, Yan Yi, Ge Lin, Guangxiu Lu, Fei Gong
Unicornuate uteri are caused by non-development of one Müllerian duct. The objective of this study was to investigate pregnancy outcomes of singleton and/or twin pregnancies in women with unicornuate uterus after IVF-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). The study group comprised 238 patients with a unicornuate uterus and the control group 818 patients with normal uterus. Compared with pregnancies with normal uterine morphology, a unicornuate uterus was associated with an increased risk of early pregnancy loss [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1...
August 3, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826265/role-of-delayed-cord-clamping-in-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-neonates-a-systematic-review
#11
Bhawan Deep Garg, Anju Bansal
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the leading causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity particularly in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates. The incidence of NEC varies across countries and neonatal centers in between 7-14%. AIMS: To evaluate the role of delayed cord clamping (DCC) for prevention of NEC in preterm neonates. METHOD: The literature search was done for various randomized control trial (RCT) by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, ongoing clinical trials and abstract of conferences...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822437/-predictive-effect-of-neonatal-morbidities-on-the-poor-outcomes-at-12-months-corrected-age-in-very-low-birth-weight-premature-infants
#12
Y B Rao, J Yang, B Cao, D M Chen, P M Gao, Q Zhong, M X Li, J H Gao, Y J Chen, X M Zhong, Z X Ren
Objective: To investigate the prognostic effect of neonatal morbidities on poor outcomes at 12 months corrected age in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants . Method: From November 2013 to October 2014, a multi-center retrospective study was conducted in 8 tertiary Maternal and Children's hospitals in Guangdong, Hunan and Fujian. The premature infants survived to a postmenstrual age (PMA) of 36 weeks with birth weight less than 1 500 g and without congenital diseases were included, and divided into two groups according to poor outcomes...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812000/diagnostic-imaging-features-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Francesco Esposito, Rosanna Mamone, Marco Di Serafino, Carmela Mercogliano, Valerio Vitale, Gianfranco Vallone, Patrizia Oresta
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory process, characterized by intestinal necrosis of variable extension, leading to perforation, generalized peritonitis and death. The classical pathogenetic theory focuses on mucosal damage related to a stress induced intestinal ischemia leading to mucosal injury and bacterial colonization of the wall. A more recent hypothesis emphasizes the role of immaturity of gastrointestinal and immune system, particularly of the premature, responsible of bowel wall vulnerability and suffering...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811156/screening-of-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-preterm-low-birth-weight-and-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Mahin Hashemipour, Silva Hovsepian, Arman Ansari, Mojtaba Keikha, Pooyan Khalighinejad, Negar Niknam
Evidence from different screening programs indicated that the rate of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was higher in pre-term and low-birth-weight (LBW) newborns than normal ones. Incomplete development of hypothalamic-pituitary axis in this group of neonates results in the delayed rise of TSH and missing cases with CH. Hence, there is a great need for a practicable systematic screening method for proper diagnosis of CH in this group of neonates. In this review, we systematically reviewed papers with the following key words ([Congenital Hypothyroidism AND Screening AND Thyroxine AND Thyroid Stimulating Hormone AND Low Birth Weight AND Premature]) in international electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
July 22, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802183/very-low-birth-weight-is-associated-with-brain-structure-abnormalities-and-cognitive-function-impairments-a-systematic-review
#15
Fereshteh Farajdokht, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Reza Dehghani, Gisou Mohaddes, Leili Abedi, Ramin Bughchechi, Alireza Majdi, Javad Mahmoudi
Very low birth weight (VLBW) children are at risk of structural brain abnormalities and neurocognitive deficits. Since survival rate of the very low birth weight infants has increased over the past decade, a better understanding of the long-term neurocognitive outcomes is needed. The present systematic review investigated the association between VLBW and cognitive function as well as brain structure. PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched up from January 2000 to January 2015...
August 9, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802067/crh-stimulation-tests-for-the-infants-with-relative-adrenal-insufficiency
#16
Kougoro Iwanaga, Akane Yamamoto, Takashi Matsukura, Fusako Niwa, Masahiko Kawai
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are considered to be vulnerable to relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI); however, diagnosis is difficult in some clinical settings. Considering this background, it is necessary to establish a diagnosis of RAI in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we attempted to clarify the difference in response to CRH stimulation tests for preterm infants with or without RAI. METHODS: Between June 2009 and December 2015, we performed CRH stimulation tests for preterm infants born at a gestational age of <30 weeks at around two weeks of age...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800397/association-between-the-7-day-moving-average-for-nutrition-and-growth-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#17
Gustave H Falciglia, Karna Murthy, Jane Holl, Hannah L Palac, Yuliya Oumarbaeva, Pratyusha Yadavalli, Donna Woods, Daniel T Robinson
BACKGROUND: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants remain at risk for postnatal growth restriction. Clinicians may have difficulty identifying growth patterns resulting from nutrition interventions, impeding prompt management changes intended to increase growth velocity. This study aimed to quantify the association between growth and nutrition intake through 7-day moving averages (SDMAs). METHODS: The first 6 weeks of daily nutrition intake and growth measurements were collected from VLBW infants admitted to a level 4 neonatal intensive care unit (2011-2014)...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798147/very-preterm-birth-and-parents-quality-of-life-27-years-later
#18
Dieter Wolke, Nicole Baumann, Barbara Busch, Peter Bartmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parents of preterm children experience increased distress early in their children's lives. Whether the quality of life of parents of preterm children is comparable to that of parents of term children by the time their offspring reach adulthood is unknown. What precursors in their offspring's childhood predict parental quality of life? METHODS: A prospective whole-population study in Germany followed very preterm (VP) (<32 weeks gestation) or very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500 g) (N = 250) and term-born individuals (N = 230) and their parents (VP or VLBW: N = 219; term: N = 227) from birth to adulthood...
August 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796851/association-of-maternal-preeclampsia-with-infant-risk-of-premature-birth-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#19
Julia P Shulman, Cindy Weng, Jacob Wilkes, Tom Greene, M Elizabeth Hartnett
Importance: Studies report conflicting associations between preeclampsia and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study provides explanations for the discrepancies to clarify the relationship between preeclampsia and ROP. Objective: To evaluate the association of maternal preeclampsia and risk of ROP among infants in an unrestricted birth cohort and a restricted subcohort of preterm, very low birth weight (P-VLBW) infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective review of 290 992 live births within the Intermountain Healthcare System in Utah from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2010, was performed...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774357/-effect-of-extensively-hydrolyzed-formula-on-growth-and-development-of-infants-with-very-extremely-low-birth-weight
#20
Chun-Yan Gu, Hui-Fen Jiang, Jin-Xiu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of extensively hydrolyzed formula on the growth and development in very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: A total of 375 VLBW or ELBW infants were enrolled and divided into an observation group (187 infants) and a control group (188 infants) using a random number table. The infants in the observation group were given extensively hydrolyzed formula, and when the amount of extensively hydrolyzed formula reached 10 mL/time, it was changed to the standard formula for preterm infants...
August 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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