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kombucha tea

Debanjana Bhattacharya, Semantee Bhattacharya, Madhu Manti Patra, Somnath Chakravorty, Soumyadev Sarkar, Writachit Chakraborty, Hemanta Koley, Ratan Gachhui
The emergence of multi-drug-resistant enteric pathogens has prompted the scientist community to explore the therapeutic potentials of traditional foods and beverages. The present study was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of Kombucha, a fermented beverage of sugared black tea, against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae, Shigella flexneri and Salmonella Typhimurium followed by the identification of the antibacterial components present in Kombucha. The antibacterial activity was evaluated by determining the inhibition zone diameter, minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration...
December 2016: Current Microbiology
Rachel T A Machado, Junkal Gutierrez, Agnieszka Tercjak, Eliane Trovatti, Fernanda G M Uahib, Gabriela de Padua Moreno, Andresa P Nascimento, Andresa A Berreta, Sidney J L Ribeiro, Hernane S Barud
A strain isolated from Kombucha tea was isolated and used as an alternative bacterium for the biosynthesis of bacterial cellulose (BC). In this study, BC generated by this novel bacterium was compared to Gluconacetobacter xylinus biosynthesized BC. Kinetic studies reveal that Komagataeibacter rhaeticus was a viable bacterium to produce BC according to yield, thickness and water holding capacity data. Physicochemical properties of BC membranes were investigated by UV-vis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopies (FTIR), thermogravimetrical analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
November 5, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Maheedhar Gedela, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Vasantha L Gali, Kimberlee Alyamany, Lokesh K Jha
The use of herbal and dietary supplements (HDSs) is widespread and growing due to the popular notion that these products are of natural origins and safe. Kombucha (or "mushroom") tea is one HDS that is consumed by people for various perceived health benefits. Kombucha tea is a well-known health beverage made by fermenting sweet black tea with a round, flat, gray fungus for a week or longer. There is concern, however, from the evidence of a few case reports currently available, that it may pose life-threatening and/or adverse effects for users...
January 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
Somnath Chakravorty, Semantee Bhattacharya, Antonis Chatzinotas, Writachit Chakraborty, Debanjana Bhattacharya, Ratan Gachhui
Kombucha tea, a non-alcoholic beverage, is acquiring significant interest due to its claimed beneficial properties. The microbial community of Kombucha tea consists of bacteria and yeast which thrive in two mutually non-exclusive compartments: the soup or the beverage and the biofilm floating on it. The microbial community and the biochemical properties of the beverage have so far mostly been described in separate studies. This, however, may prevent understanding the causal links between the microbial communities and the beneficial properties of Kombucha tea...
March 2, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Renato Augusto Corrêa Dos Santos, Andresa Aparecida Berretta, Hernane da Silva Barud, Sidney José Lima Ribeiro, Laura Natalia González-García, Tiago Domingues Zucchi, Gustavo H Goldman, Diego M Riaño-Pachón
Here, we present the draft genome sequence of Komagataeibacter intermedius strain AF2, which was isolated from Kombucha tea and is capable of producing cellulose, although at lower levels compared to another bacterium from the same environment, K. rhaeticus strain AF1.
2015: Genome Announcements
S Chakravorty, S Sarkar, R Gachhui
The Acetobacteraceae family of the class Alpha Proteobacteria is comprised of high sugar and acid tolerant bacteria. The Acetic Acid Bacteria are the economically most significant group of this family because of its association with food products like vinegar, wine etc. Acetobacteraceae are often hard to culture in laboratory conditions and they also maintain very low abundances in their natural habitats. Thus identification of the organisms in such environments is greatly dependent on modern tools of molecular biology which require a thorough knowledge of specific conserved gene sequences that may act as primers and or probes...
September 2015: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
Mindani I Watawana, Nilakshi Jayawardena, Candy Choo, Viduranga Y Waisundara
Ten herbal teas (Acacia arabica, Aegle marmelos flower, A. marmelos root bark, Aerva lanata, Asteracantha longifolia, Cassia auriculata, Hemidesmus indicus, Hordeum vulgare, Phyllanthus emblica, Tinospora cordifolia) were fermented with the Kombucha 'tea fungus'. The pH values of the fermented beverages ranged from 4.0 to 6.0 by day 7, while the titratable acidity ranged from 2.5 to 5.0g/mL (P<0.05). Gallic acid had statistically significantly increased (P<0.05) in almost all the samples by day 7. The Oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay indicated 5 of the Kombucha beverages to have statistically significant increases (P<0...
March 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Radomir Malbaša, Lidija Jevrić, Eva Lončar, Jasmina Vitas, Sanja Podunavac-Kuzmanović, Spasenija Milanović, Strahinja Kovačević
In the present work, relationships between the textural characteristics of fermented milk products obtained by kombucha inoculums with various teas were investigated by using chemometric analysis. The presented data which describe numerically the textural characteristics (firmness, consistency, cohesiveness and index of viscosity) were analysed. The quadratic correlation was determined between the textural characteristics of fermented milk products obtained at fermentation temperatures of 40 and 43 °C, using milk with 0...
September 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Reema Orison Lobo, Chandrakala K Shenoy
Kombucha (Bio-tea) is a beverage produced by the fermentation of sugared black tea using a symbiotic association of bacteria and yeasts. Traditional claims about Kombucha report beneficial effects such as antibiotic properties, gastric regulation, relief from joint rheumatism and positive influence on the cholesterol level, arteriosclerosis, diabetes, and aging problems. The present investigation was carried out to understand the preventive effect of Kombucha on heart weight, blood glucose, total protein, lipid profile and cardiac markers in rats with myocardial damage induced using Isoproterenol...
July 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Neera, Karna Venkata Ramana, Harsh Vardhan Batra
Cellulose producing bacteria were isolated from fruit samples and kombucha tea (a fermented beverage) using CuSO4 solution in modified Watanabe and Yamanaka medium to inhibit yeasts and molds. Six bacterial strains showing cellulose production were isolated and identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing as Gluconacetobacter xylinus strain DFBT, Ga. xylinus strain dfr-1, Gluconobacter oxydans strain dfr-2, G. oxydans strain dfr-3, Acetobacter orientalis strain dfr-4, and Gluconacetobacter intermedius strain dfr-5...
June 2015: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Nguyen Khoi Nguyen, Ngan Thi Ngoc Dong, Huong Thuy Nguyen, Phu Hong Le
Kombucha is sweetened black tea that is fermented by a symbiosis of bacteria and yeast embedded within a cellulose membrane. It is considered a health drink in many countries because it is a rich source of vitamins and may have other health benefits. It has previously been reported that adding lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus) strains to kombucha can enhance its biological functions, but in that study only lactic acid bacteria isolated from kefir grains were tested. There are many other natural sources of lactic acid bacteria...
2015: SpringerPlus
Renato Augusto Corrêa Dos Santos, Andresa A Berretta, Hernane da Silva Barud, Sidney José Lima Ribeiro, Laura Natalia González-García, Tiago Domingues Zucchi, Gustavo H Goldman, Diego M Riaño-Pachón
Here, we present the draft genome sequence of Komagatabaeicter rhaeticus strain AF1, which was isolated from Kombucha tea and is capable of producing high levels of cellulose.
2014: Genome Announcements
Brian A Nummer
Kombucha is a fermented beverage made from brewed tea and sugar. The taste is slightly sweet and acidic and it may have residual carbon dioxide. Kombucha is consumed in many countries as a health beverage and it is gaining in popularity in the U.S. Consequently, many retailers and food service operators are seeking to brew this beverage on site. As a fermented beverage, kombucha would be categorized in the Food and Drug Administration model Food Code as a specialized process and would require a variance with submission of a food safety plan...
November 2013: Journal of Environmental Health
Alan J Marsh, Orla O'Sullivan, Colin Hill, R Paul Ross, Paul D Cotter
Kombucha is a sweetened tea beverage that, as a consequence of fermentation, contains ethanol, carbon dioxide, a high concentration of acid (gluconic, acetic and lactic) as well as a number of other metabolites and is thought to contain a number of health-promoting components. The sucrose-tea solution is fermented by a symbiosis of bacteria and yeast embedded within a cellulosic pellicle, which forms a floating mat in the tea, and generates a new layer with each successful fermentation. The specific identity of the microbial populations present has been the focus of attention but, to date, the majority of studies have relied on culture-based analyses...
April 2014: Food Microbiology
Ilmāra Vīna, Pāvels Semjonovs, Raimonds Linde, Ilze Deniņa
Consumption of kombucha fermented tea (KT) has always been associated with different health benefits. Many personal experiences and testimonials of KT drinkers are available throughout the world on the ability of KT to protect against a vast number of metabolic and infectious diseases, but very little scientific evidence is available that validates the beneficial effects of KT. The aim of this review is to give an overview of the recent studies in search of experimental confirmation of the numerous KT health-promoting aspects cited previously...
February 2014: Journal of Medicinal Food
Semantee Bhattacharya, Ratan Gachhui, Parames C Sil
Diabetic complications associated with increased oxidative stress can be suppressed by antioxidants. In the present study we investigated the antidiabetic and antioxidant effects of Kombucha (KT), a fermented black tea, in comparison to that of unfermented black tea (BT), in ALX-induced diabetic rats. ALX exposure lowered the body weight and plasma insulin by about 28.12% and 61.34% respectively and elevated blood glucose level and glycated Hb by about 3.79 and 3.73 folds respectively. The oxidative stress related parameters like lipid peroxidation end products (increased by 3...
October 2013: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Fardin Barati, Javad Javanbakht, Farajollah Adib-Hashemi, Ehsan Hosseini, Reyhaneh Safaeie, Mojtaba Rajabian, Mostafa Razmjoo, Reza Sedaghat, Mehdi Aghamohammad Hassan
BACKGROUND: Kombucha, a fermented tea (KT) is claimed to possess many beneficial properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and histopathological alterations of Kombucha tea and Nitrofurazone on cutaneous full-thickness wounds healing in rat. METHODS: In present study 24 Wister -albino rats weighing 150-200 g were selected and divided to two treatment groups as Nitrofurazone ointment (0.2%) and Kombucha tea. Subsequently, the anesthesia was exerted by Ketamin hydrochloride 10% (40 mg/kg) and Xylasine (2 mg/kg) through intra muscular (IM) route...
2013: Diagnostic Pathology
Yong Wang, Baoping Ji, Wei Wu, Ruojun Wang, Zhiwei Yang, Di Zhang, Wenli Tian
BACKGROUND: Kombucha tea (KT), a traditional health beverage containing potential hepatoprotective agents, is fermented from sugared tea by a symbiotic culture of yeast and bacteria for 8 days. However, the functional strains that produce components for the hepatoprotective property of KT remain unclear. Multiple strains are involved in traditional KT production. Therefore, KT has not been standardized or produced commercially. This study aimed to identify the functional strains and quantify the functional components with hepatoprotective effects in kombucha tea...
January 30, 2014: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Changlai Zhu, Feng Li, Xinyang Zhou, Lin Lin, Tianyi Zhang
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a natural biomaterial with unique properties suitable for tissue engineering applications, but it has not yet been used for preparing nerve conduits to repair peripheral nerve injuries. The objectives of this study were to prepare and characterize the Kampuchea-synthesized bacterial cellulose (KBC) and further evaluate the biocompatibility of KBC with peripheral nerve cells and tissues in vitro and in vivo. KBC membranes were composed of interwoven ribbons of about 20-100 nm in width, and had a high purity and the same crystallinity as that of cellulose Iα...
May 2014: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
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