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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475228/developmental-programming-of-happiness
#1
Louis A Schmidt, Paz Fortier, Ayelet Lahat, Alva Tang, Karen J Mathewson, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Being born at an extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 grams) is presumed to reflect a suboptimal intrauterine environment and thus presents an opportunity for examining developmental programming hypotheses. Interfacing prenatal programming and differential susceptibility hypotheses, we tested whether individuals with ELBW in different childhood rearing environments showed different attention biases to positive and negative facial emotions in adulthood. Using the oldest known, prospectively followed cohort of ELBW survivors, we found that relative to normal birth weight controls (NBW; >2,500 grams), ELBW survivors displayed the highest and lowest attention bias to happy faces at age 30-35, depending on whether their total family income at age 8 was relatively low (environmental match) or high (environmental mismatch), respectively...
May 5, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435650/postnatal-transitional-weight-loss-and-adverse-outcomes-in-extremely-premature-neonates
#2
Rita P Verma, Syed Shibli, Eugene Komaroff
The early postnatal weight loss (EPWL) is highly variable in the extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight <1000 g, ELBW). It is reported to be unassociated with adverse outcomes within a range of 3-21% of birth weight. Its wide range might have contributed to this lack of association. The aim of our paper is to study the effects of maximum EPWL, graded as low, medium and large on clinical outcomes in ELBW infants. In a retrospective cohort observational study EPWL was measured as maximum weight loss from birth weight (MWL) in ELBW infants and grouped as low (5-12%) moderate (18...
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412957/pattern-of-drug-use-among-preterm-neonates-results-from-an-italian-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
A Girardi, S Galletti, E Raschi, A Koci, E Poluzzi, G Faldella, F De Ponti
BACKGROUND: Drug use in preterm neonates admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) has been investigated, so far, in terms of unauthorized or off-label use; very little is known on the use of combinations of different active substances, which is frequently required in this population (prophylaxis of infections, treatment of concomitant diseases). The aim of this study was to describe the most common patterns of drug use in an Italian NICU, focusing on those with nephrotoxic potential...
April 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405118/estimation-of-serum-uric-acid-as-an-indicator-of-severity-of-preeclampsia-and-perinatal-outcome
#4
Aparna Nair, C Savitha
BACKGROUND: Uric acid is a marker of oxidative stress tissue injury and renal dysfunction, hence a correlation hypothesized. OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate severity of preeclampsia with raised serum uric acid. (2) To evaluate perinatal outcome in preeclampsia with raised serum uric ccid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 pregnant women with severe preeclampsia and 50 normotensive women were included in the study and maternal serum uric acid was estimated in both the groups...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392821/postdischarge-growth-assessment-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
Joon-Sik Park, Jungho Han, Jeong Eun Shin, Soon Min Lee, Ho Seon Eun, Min-Soo Park, Kook-In Park, Ran Namgung
PURPOSE: The goal of nutritional support for very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants from birth to term is to match the in utero growth rates; however, this is rarely achieved. METHODS: We evaluated postdischarge growth patterns and growth failure in 81 Korean VLBW infants through a retrospective study. Weight and height were measured and calculated based on age percentile distribution every 3 months until age 24 months. Growth failure was defined as weight and height below the 10th percentile at 24 months...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343335/a-new-infant-hybrid-respiratory-simulator-preliminary-evaluation-based-on-clinical-data
#6
Barbara Stankiewicz, Krzysztof J Pałko, Marek Darowski, Krzysztof Zieliński, Maciej Kozarski
A new hybrid (numerical-physical) simulator of the respiratory system, designed to simulate spontaneous and artificial/assisted ventilation of preterm and full-term infants underwent preliminary evaluation. A numerical, seven-compartmental model of the respiratory system mechanics allows the operator to simulate global and peripheral obstruction and restriction of the lungs. The physical part of the simulator is a piston-based construction of impedance transformer. LabVIEW real-time software coordinates the work of both parts of the simulator and its interaction with a ventilator...
March 25, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304327/retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-indonesia-incidence-and-risk-factors
#7
J Edy Siswanto, Pieter Jj Sauer
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vaso-proliferative disease of the eye, which mainly affects preterm newborn infants with an incompletely vascularized retina. The incidence of ROP has increased in industrialized countries due to the increased survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. ROP is also increasing in developing countries like Indonesia, where it is most likely due to the improved survival of ELBW infants. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the incidence of ROP and possible risk factors associated with the development of ROP in preterm infants in Indonesia...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278233/catch-up-growth-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-elbw-infants-is-associated-with-lower-body-fat-in-young-adolescence
#8
Anke Raaijmakers, Lotte Jacobs, Maissa Rayyan, Theun Pieter van Tienoven, Els Ortibus, Elena Levtchenko, Jan A Staessen, Karel Allegaert
AIM: To investigate growth patterns and anthropometrics in former extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) children and link these outcomes to neurocognition and body composition in childhood. METHODS: ELBW children were examined at birth (n = 140), at 9 and 24 months (n≥96) and at approximately 11 years within the framework of the PREMATCH (PREMATurity as predictor children's of Cardiovascular and renal Health) case-control (n = 93-87) study. Regional growth charts were used to convert anthropometrics into Z-scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223371/socioeconomic-attainment-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-the-role-of-early-cognition
#9
Kathleen G Dobson, Mark A Ferro, Michael H Boyle, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: To determine: (1) if childhood cognitive and academic abilities mediate the association between being born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and socioeconomic attainment at age 29 to 36 years; (2) which cognitive abilities (IQ, verbal abilities, fluid intelligence, mathematical abilities, or academic achievement) most strongly mediate this association; and (3) if the mediating role of cognition is different in ELBW survivors with significant neurosensory impairment (NSI)...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208596/impact-of-early-nutrition-on-body-composition-in-children-aged-9-5-years-born-with-extremely-low-birth-weight
#10
Sonja Stutte, Bettina Gohlke, Annika Peiler, Felix Schreiner, Mark Born, Peter Bartmann, Joachim Woelfle
To evaluate body composition, metabolism and growth as well as their interaction with early nutrition in former extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW), we assessed qualitative and quantitative nutritional intake during initial hospitalization and infantile growth parameters in 61 former ELBW infants with a birth weight <1000 g. In two follow-up exams, physical and biochemical development were measured at 5.7 and at 9.5 years. At the second follow-up, in addition to biochemical reassessment, body composition was analyzed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195553/fresh-frozen-plasma-transfusion-a-risk-factor-for-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#11
Jakob Usemann, Lars Garten, Christoph Bührer, Christof Dame, Malte Cremer
AIM: To evaluate risk factors for pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW) taking into consideration coagulation screens, platelet counts, transfusion of fresh frozen plasma (FFP), and platelet concentrates prior to PH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study consisting of 20 ELBW infants with PH and 40 matched controls. Coagulation screens, platelet counts at birth and at onset of PH, and transfusion frequencies prior to PH were compared to case-controls at birth and 24-96 h after birth...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194575/outcome-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-with-a-history-of-neonatal-acute-kidney-injury
#12
Syeda Maqsood, Nicholas Fung, Vikas Chowdhary, Rupesh Raina, Maroun J Mhanna
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with a history of acute kidney injury (AKI). METHOD: In a retrospective, case control study, medical records of all ELBW infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between Jan 2002 and Dec 2011 were reviewed. Medical records were reviewed for infants' demographics, blood pressure (BP) at NICU discharge and at ≥3 years, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at ≥2 years...
June 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191983/mental-health-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Karen J Mathewson, Cheryl H T Chow, Kathleen G Dobson, Eliza I Pope, Louis A Schmidt, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Although individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; < 1,000 g) are the most vulnerable of all preterm survivors, their risk for mental health problems across the life span has not been systematically reviewed. The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to ascertain whether the risk for mental health problems is greater for ELBW survivors than their normal birth weight (NBW) peers in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Forty-one studies assessing 2,712 ELBW children, adolescents, and adults and 11,127 NBW controls were reviewed...
April 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139937/risk-factors-for-tracheostomy-requirement-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#14
Orly L Levit, Veronika Shabanova, Alia Bazzy-Asaad, Matthew J Bizzarro, Vineet Bhandari
AIM: To identify variables that affect the risk of tracheostomy in a population of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: A retrospective matched case-control study was conducted. ELBW infants with a tracheostomy were compared with controls without tracheostomy. Data collection included demographics, detailed information about each intubation and extubation attempt, the use of steroids and the presence of comorbidities. Statistical analyses include conditional logistic regression and Poisson regression for clustered observations...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125159/longitudinal-impairment-of-lung-function-in-school-age-children-with-extremely-low-birth-weights
#15
Katsuya Hirata, Masahiro Nishihara, Takeshi Kimura, Jun Shiraishi, Shinya Hirano, Hiroyuki Kitajima, Masanori Fujimura
OBJECTIVES: To assess lung function and long-term respiratory outcomes in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) survivors. WORKING HYPOTHESIS: ELBW, especially with respiratory complications in the neonatal period, affects lung function at a later age. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal retrospective study. PATIENT-SUBJECT SELECTION: Lung function was evaluated in 89 ELBW survivors (at ages 8 and 12) with or without a history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or a bubbly/cystic lung appearance in the neonatal period...
January 26, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125094/association-of-in-utero-magnesium-exposure-and-spontaneous-intestinal-perforations-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
L C Downey, C M Cotten, C P Hornik, M M Laughon, V N Tolia, R H Clark, P B Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether antenatal exposure to magnesium is associated with spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants (⩽1000 g). STUDY DESIGN: We identified all ELBW infants admitted to 1 of 323 neonatal intensive care units from 2007 to 2013. We used multivariable conditional logistic regression to compare outcomes in the first 21 days after birth between infants exposed and unexposed to magnesium in utero...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118489/improved-postnatal-growth-of-extremely-low-birthweight-boys-over-the-last-two-decades
#17
Lotta Immeli, Sture Andersson, Markus Leskinen, Emmi Vuorinen, Olli-Pekka Rinta-Koski, Päivi Luukkainen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100323/-high-risk-factors-and-clinical-characteristics-of-massive-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-infants-with-extremely-low-birth-weight
#18
Dan Chen, Meng Wang, Xin Wang, Xue-Wei Ding, Rui-Hua Ba, Jian Mao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the high-risk factors and analyze the clinical characteristics of massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). METHODS: Two hundred and eleven ELBW infants were included in this study. Thirty-five ELBW infants who were diagnosed with MPH were labelled as the MPH group, and 176 ELBW infants without pulmonary hemorrhage were labelled as the control group. The differences in clinical characteristics, mortality rate, and incidence of complications between the two groups were analysed...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099450/advanced-neonatal-medicine-in-china-a-national-baseline-database
#19
Xiang-Peng Liao, Selma Chipenda-Dansokho, Antoine Lewin, Nadia Abdelouahab, Shu-Qin Wei
Previous surveys of neonatal medicine in China have not collected comprehensive information on workforce, investment, health care practice, and disease expenditure. The goal of the present study was to develop a national database of neonatal care units and compare present outcomes data in conjunction with health care practices and costs. We summarized the above components by extracting data from the databases of the national key clinical subspecialty proposals issued by national health authority in China, as well as publicly accessible databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077516/early-onset-invasive-candidiasis-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-perinatal-acquisition-predicts-poor-outcome
#20
Michelle Barton, Alex Shen, Karel O'Brien, Joan L Robinson, H Dele Davies, Kim Simpson, Elizabeth Asztalos, Joanne Langley, Nicole Le Saux, Reginald Sauve, Anne Synnes, Ben Tan, Louis de Repentigny, Earl Rubin, Chuck Hui, Lajos Kovacs, Yvonne C W Yau, Susan E Richardson
Background: Neonatal invasive candidiasis (IC) presenting in the first week of life is less common and less well described than later-onset IC. Risk factors, clinical features, and disease outcomes have not been studied in early-onset disease (EOD, ≤7 days) or compared to late-onset disease (LOD, >7 days). Methods: All extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) cases with IC and controls from a multicenter study of neonatal candidiasis enrolled from 2001 to 2003 were included in this study...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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