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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100323/-high-risk-factors-and-clinical-characteristics-of-massive-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-infants-with-extremely-low-birth-weight
#1
Dan Chen, Meng Wang, Xin Wang, Xue-Wei Ding, Rui-Hua Ba, Jian Mao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the high-risk factors and analyze the clinical characteristics of massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). METHODS: Two hundred and eleven ELBW infants were included in this study. Thirty-five ELBW infants who were diagnosed with MPH were labelled as the MPH group, and 176 ELBW infants without pulmonary hemorrhage were labelled as the control group. The differences in clinical characteristics, mortality rate, and incidence of complications between the two groups were analysed...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099450/advanced-neonatal-medicine-in-china-a-national-baseline-database
#2
Xiang-Peng Liao, Selma Chipenda-Dansokho, Antoine Lewin, Nadia Abdelouahab, Shu-Qin Wei
Previous surveys of neonatal medicine in China have not collected comprehensive information on workforce, investment, health care practice, and disease expenditure. The goal of the present study was to develop a national database of neonatal care units and compare present outcomes data in conjunction with health care practices and costs. We summarized the above components by extracting data from the databases of the national key clinical subspecialty proposals issued by national health authority in China, as well as publicly accessible databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077516/early-onset-invasive-candidiasis-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-perinatal-acquisition-predicts-poor-outcome
#3
Michelle Barton, Alex Shen, Karel O'Brien, Joan L Robinson, H Dele Davies, Kim Simpson, Elizabeth Asztalos, Joanne Langley, Nicole Le Saux, Reginald Sauve, Anne Synnes, Ben Tan, Louis de Repentigny, Earl Rubin, Chuck Hui, Lajos Kovacs, Yvonne Cw Yau, Susan E Richardson
BACKGROUND: Neonatal invasive candidiasis (IC)presenting in the first week of life is less common and less well described than later onset IC. Risk factors, clinical features and disease outcomeshave not been studied in early onset disease (EOD, ≤7d) or compared to late onset disease (LOD, >7d). METHODS: All extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000g) cases with IC and controls froma multicentre study of neonatal candidiasisenrolledfrom 2001 to 2003were included in this study...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057383/reference-values-for-nucleated-red-blood-cells-and-serum-lactate-in-very-and-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-in-the-first-week-of-life
#4
Martin Poryo, Antonia Wissing, Aylin Aygün, Jürgen Geisel, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Michael Zemlin, Sascha Meyer
STUDY PURPOSE: To provide reference values for nucleated red blood cells and serum lactate concentrations in very and extremely low birth weight (VLBW/ELBW) infants in the first week of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data analysis of serial, daily measurements of NRBC counts and serum lactate during the first 6days of life in VLBW and ELBW infants. RESULTS: In total, 250 infants<1500g were included in this study. Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) was seen in 87 (34...
January 2, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992071/are-behaviour-problems-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-children-related-to-their-motor-ability
#5
Marcella Danks, Kate Cherry, Yvonne R Burns, Peter H Gray
AIM: Investigate if behaviour problems are independently related to mild motor impairment in 11-13 year old children born preterm with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). METHODS: The cross sectional study included 48 (27 male) non-disabled, otherwise healthy ELBW children (<1000g) and 55 (28 male) term born peers. Parents reported behaviour using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Children completed the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC)...
December 19, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984416/family-functioning-and-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-adolescents-born-extremely-preterm
#6
Alice C Burnett, Katherine J Lee, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Cinzia R De Luca, Gehan Roberts, Stephen J Wood, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To (1) compare adolescent- and parent-perceived family functioning between extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (<28 wk/<1000 g, EP/ELBW) and normal birth weight (>2499 g, NBW) adolescents and (2) determine whether adolescents' or parents' ratings of family functioning were related to concurrent depression and anxiety symptoms in the adolescent and whether these relationships varied by birth group. METHODS: One hundred ninety-three EP/ELBW and 151 NBW adolescents (aged 15-20 yr) and their parents rated aspects of family functioning on the Family Environment Scale...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943398/long-term-effects-of-peer-victimization-on-social-outcomes-through-the-fourth-decade-of-life-in-individuals-born-at-normal-or-extremely-low-birthweight
#7
Kimberly L Day, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Tracy Vaillancourt, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Louis A Schmidt
Exposure to early adversity is known to have deleterious effects on brain-behaviour relations across the lifespan and across a range of domains. Here, we tested a cumulative risk hypothesis of adult social functioning and health outcomes in the fourth decade of life, using the oldest known longitudinally followed cohort of survivors of extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1,000 g). We investigated the additional impact of peer victimization in youth on social outcomes at age 29-36 years in ELBW survivors and matched normal birthweight (NBW; >2,500 g) participants...
December 10, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941724/status-of-low-birth-weight-babies-in-mymensingh-medical-college-hospital
#8
M A Ali, T Latif, M N Islam, M A Hossain, H J Fakir, S A Haque, R H Khan, B Chowdhury
Low birth weight (LBW) is the major neonatal health problem in Bangladesh like other developing countries with limited resource. But only a few studies had done about status of LBW at hospital setting in this country. The objective of the study that to evaluate the status and immediate outcome of the LBW This cross sectional retrospective study was done in neonatal ward of Mymensingh medical college hospital. In this 1000 bedded tertiary care level teaching hospital only 40 cots and 10 open incubators are sanctioned but daily average admission in neonatal ward more than 30...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939465/antiretrovirals-causing-severe-pre-eclampsia
#9
Lloyd Tooke, Linda Riemer, Mushi Matjila, Michael Harrison
BACKGROUND: Extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW) (⩽1000g) at our tertiary hospital have a much higher HIV exposure rate than bigger babies and are mainly delivered due to complications of pre-eclampsia. Studies investigating the effect of HIV or antiretroviral therapy on pre-eclampsia, a partially immune-mediated disease have produced contradictory results. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there was an association between pre-eclampsia and HIV and/or antiretrovirals in the mothers of ELBW infants...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906083/neonatal-diffusion-tensor-brain-imaging-predicts-later-motor-outcome-in-preterm-neonates-with-white-matter-abnormalities
#10
Do-Yeon Kim, Hyun-Kyung Park, Nam-Su Kim, Se-Jin Hwang, Hyun Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: White matter (WM) abnormalities associated with prematurity are one of the most important causes of neurological disability that involves spastic motor deficits in preterm newborns. This study aimed to evaluate regional microstructural changes in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) associated with WM abnormalities. METHODS: We prospectively studied extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) preterm infants who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Hanyang University Hospital between February 2011 and February 2014...
December 1, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870876/reduced-picd-in-monocytes-mounts-altered-neonate-immune-response-to-candida-albicans
#11
Stephan Dreschers, Peter Saupp, Mathias Hornef, Andrea Prehn, Christopher Platen, Joachim Morschhäuser, Thorsten W Orlikowsky
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infections with Candida albicans (C. albicans) occur frequently in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants and are associated with poor outcome. Phagocytosis of C.albicans initializes apoptosis in monocytes (phagocytosis induced cell death, PICD). PICD is reduced in neonatal cord blood monocytes (CBMO). HYPOTHESIS: Phagocytosis of C. albicans causes PICD which differs between neonatal monocytes (CBMO) and adult peripheral blood monocytes (PBMO) due to lower stimulation of TLR-mediated immune responses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846663/spontaneous-intestinal-perforation-the-long-term-outcome
#12
Christoph Heinrich Houben, Xiang-Nan Feng, Kin Wai Edwin Chan, Jennifer Wai Cheung Mou, Yuk Him Tam, Kim Hung Lee
Background/Purpose Evaluating the long-term outcome of spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP). Methods We studied all patients treated for SIP at our institution between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2014. Results Twenty-three infants (13 males) with a median gestational age of 26 (range: 23-32) weeks and a median weight of 825 (range: 560-1,965) g composed this cohort. Seventeen (74%) infants had an extremely low birth weight (ELBW); nine (39%) infants were the result of multiple pregnancies.Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was present in 16 (70%) infants...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819175/early-versus-late-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#13
Rajesh Pandey, Joleen Dako, Sarah Venus, Deepak Kumar, Maroun Mhanna
OBJECTIVE: Compare outcomes of Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) Infants following early (before discharge) versus late (after discharge) inguinal hernia (IH) repair. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective study of ELBW infants with IH, data was abstracted for clinical characteristics, IH and related outcomes. RESULT: Of the 39/252 (15.4%) ELBW infants who developed IH, those with early (59%) versus late (41%) repair were comparable in birth weight (753±158 vs...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818602/effects-of-extreme-prematurity-on-numerical-skills-and-executive-function-in-kindergarten-children-an-application-of-partially-ordered-classification-modeling
#14
Curtis Tatsuoka, Bridget McGowan, Tomoko Yamada, Kimberly Andrews Espy, Nori Minich, H Gerry Taylor
Although mathematics disabilities (MD) are common in extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EPT/ELBW) children, little is known about the nature of these problems. In this study partially ordered set (POSET) models were applied to classify 140 EPT/ELBW kindergarten children (gestational age <28 weeks and/or birth weight <1000 g) and 110 normal birth weight (NBW) controls into profiles of numerical and cognitive skills. Models based on five numerical skills and five executive function and processing speed skills provided a good fit to performance data...
July 2016: Learning and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788159/effect-of-environmental-factors-on-low-weight-in-non-premature-births-a-time-series-analysis
#15
Julio Díaz, Virginia Arroyo, Cristina Ortiz, Rocío Carmona, Cristina Linares
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to pollutants during pregnancy has been related to adverse birth outcomes. LBW can give rise to lifelong impairments. Prematurity is the leading cause of LBW, yet few studies have attempted to analyse how environmental factors can influence LBW in infants who are not premature. This study therefore sought to analyse the influence of air pollution, noise levels and temperature on LBW in non-premature births in Madrid during the period 2001-2009. METHODS: Ecological time-series study to assess the impact of PM2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763630/effect-of-prophylactic-indomethacin-administration-and-early-feeding-on-spontaneous-intestinal-perforation-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
M Stavel, J Wong, Z Cieslak, R Sherlock, M Claveau, P S Shah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of concomitant administration of prophylactic indomethacin and early enteral feeds on the risk of spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants, and to describe the variation in prophylactic indomethacin use in Canada. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of 4268 ELBW infants born at <30 weeks' gestation admitted to Canadian neonatal units between 2010 and 2014 was conducted. Prophylactic indomethacin (I+ or I-, administered within 24 h) and early feeding (E+ or E-, initiated in the first 2 days) exposures were studied concurrently and independently...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759457/risk-factors-vary-early-preterm-birth-and-perinatal-complications-after-assisted-reproductive-technology
#17
G Chistyakova, I Gazieva, I Remizova, L Ustyantseva, V Lyapunov, S Bychkova
We conducted a study of markers of endothelial dysfunction and angiogenesis regulation, as well as the identification of the main lymphocyte populations, activated CD3 (+) CD95(+)-cells and cytokine-producing CD4 (+) IFN-γ(+)-, CD4 (+) IL-4(+ )-lymphocytes in the 1st trimester of gestation in women with ART-induced pregnancy and spontaneous pregnancy. We used the same indicators to assess the immune status of ELBW infants at birth and at the post-conceptual age of 38-40 weeks. It was determined that the risk factors of very early preterm delivery are: threatened miscarriage, chronic placental insufficiency, endothelial dysfunction, increased spontaneous production of intracellular cytokines...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751207/-effect-of-breastfeeding-quality-improvement-on-breastfeeding-rate-in-very-low-birth-weight-and-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
Feng Liu, Shu-Ping Han, Zhang-Bin Yu, Jun Zhang, Xiao-Hui Chen, Wei-Min Wu, Xue Chu, Bei-Bei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of breastfeeding quality improvement on the breastfeeding rate in very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of VLBW and ELBW infants who were admitted from July 2014 to July 2015 (pre-improvement group) and those who were admitted from August 2015 to June 2016 after the implementation of breastfeeding quality improvement measures (post-improvement group)...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750544/the-effect-of-task-complexity-on-planning-in-preterm-born-children
#19
John C Sheehan, Kimberly A Kerns, Ulrich Müller
OBJECTIVE: Planning is an important executive function (EF) skill that is fundamental to the capacity to achieve everyday goals that require a series of intermediate steps. This study examined the effect of preterm birth on planning skills in early and middle childhood using Tower problems that made different cognitive workload demands. METHOD: We administered a novel touchscreen Tower of Hanoi task (Monkey Tree Task; MTT) in three age cohorts (3, 6, and 9 years) to 485 children born between 2000 and 2010 (105 extremely low birth weight [ELBW], 248 late preterm [LP], and 132 term-born [Term])...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746756/mother-toddler-play-interaction-in-extremely-very-low-birth-weight-and-full-term-children-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Paola Salvatori, Erica Neri, Ilaria Chirico, Federica Andrei, Francesca Agostini, Elena Trombini
Introduction: Although preterm birth represents a risk factor for early mother-infant interactions, few studies have focused on toddlerhood, an important time for the development of symbolic play, autonomous skills, and child's socialization competences. Moreover, no study has looked at the effect of birth weight on mother-child interactions during this period. Expanding on the available literature on prematurity, the main objective of this study was to explore the quality of mother-toddler interactions during play, using a longitudinal research design, as well as taking into account the effect of birth weight...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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