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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303540/exploiting-fruit-byproducts-for-eco-friendly-nanosynthesis-citrus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-clementina-peel-extract-mediated-fabrication-of-silver-nanoparticles-with-high-efficacy-against-microbial-pathogens-and-rat-glial-tumor-c6-cells
#1
Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Han-Seung Shin, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Giovanni Benelli, Gajanan S Ghodake, Yuan Yuan Jiang, Dong Su Kim, Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale
Process byproducts from the fruit industry may represent a cheap and reliable source of green reducing agents to be used in current bio-nanosynthesis. This study reports the use of orange (Citrus × clementina) peel aqueous extract (OPE) for one-pot green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with high effectiveness against various microbial pathogens as well as rat glial tumor C6 cells. The effects of various operational parameters on the synthesis of AgNPs were systematically investigated. The morphology, particle size, and properties of synthesized AgNPs were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301146/effect-of-whole-grain-qingke-tibetan-hordeum-vulgare-l-zangqing-320-on-the-serum-lipid-levels-and-intestinal-microbiota-of-rats-under-high-fat-diet
#2
Xuejuan Xia, Guannan Li, Yongbo Ding, Tingyuan Ren, Jiong Zheng, Jianquan Kan
This study investigated the hypolipidemic effect of whole grain Qingke (WGQ) and its influence on intestinal microbiota. Changes in the serum lipid, intestinal environment, and microbiota of Sprague-Dawley rats fed high-fat diets supplemented with different doses of WGQ were determined. Results showed that high doses of WGQ significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the Lee's index, serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels whereas increased the body weight of the rats...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297697/evaluation-of-infection-resistance-of-biodegradable-versus-conventional-annuloplasty-rings-in-an-in-vivo-rat-subcutaneous-model
#3
Ilhan Ozgol, Burak Can Depboylu, Aybala Tongut, Sinem Ozdemir, Yasar Bagdatlı, Sanaz Ainechi, Buge Oz, Jean-Claude Pache, Selim Erenturk, Afksendiyos Kalangos, Ali Can Hatemi, Mustafa Cikirikcioglu
BACKGROUND: Biodegradable atrioventricular annuloplasty rings are theoretically more infection resistant due to their intra-annular implantation technique and nonporous structures (monofilament of poly-1,4-dioxanone). The aim of this study was to investigate the infection resistance of a biodegradable annuloplasty ring (Kalangos-Bioring®) in a rat subcutaneous implantation model and to compare it with a commonly used conventional annuloplasty ring (Edwards Physio II®). METHODS: This study included 32 Wistar albino rats which were divided into 2 groups according to the implantation of sterile or infected annuloplasty rings as control and study groups...
March 16, 2017: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296518/effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-rat-achilles-tendon-healing-is-related-to-microbiota
#4
Franciele Dietrich, Malin Hammerman, Parmis Blomgran, Love Tätting, Vinicius Faccin Bampi, Jefferson Braga Silva, Per Aspenberg
Background and purpose - In 3 papers in Acta Orthopaedica 10 years ago, we described that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) improves tendon healing in a rat Achilles transection model. Later, we found that microtrauma has similar effects, probably acting via inflammation. This raised the suspicion that the effect ascribed to growth factors within PRP could instead be due to unspecific influences on inflammation. While testing this hypothesis, we noted that the effect seemed to be related to the microbiota. Material and methods - We tried to reproduce our old findings with local injection of PRP 6 h after tendon transection, followed by mechanical testing after 11 days...
March 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295372/surface-charge-modification-decreases-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-adherence-in-vitro-and-bacterial-persistence-in-an-in-vivo-implant-model
#5
W Katherine Kao, Patricia M Gagnon, Joseph P Vogel, Richard A Chole
OBJECTIVE: Chronic, persistent infections complicate otologic procedures utilizing implantable devices such as cochlear implants or tympanostomy tubes. These infections are thought to be due to the establishment of microbial biofilms on implant surfaces. To address this issue, we hypothesized that surface charge modification may inhibit the formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms on implant surfaces in vitro and in vivo. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the effect of surface charge modification on bacterial biofilm formation by assessing the effect of the surface charge on bacterial adhesion in vitro and bacterial persistence in vivo...
March 14, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286906/selection-of-cholesterol-lowering-lactic-acid-bacteria-and-its-effects-on-rats-fed-with-high-cholesterol-diet
#6
Yufang Liu, Fengchun Zhao, Jiye Liu, Huimin Wang, Xiao Han, Yongxin Zhang, Zhengyou Yang
High cholesterol level in serum is a major factor of influence for coronary heart disease. The cholesterol-lowering ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) without side effects makes them more and more attractive. Seventy-nine strains of LAB isolated from fermented food were screened in vitro for their ability to assimilate cholesterol. Then, ten strains which exhibited higher ability of cholesterol assimilation were investigated with the characteristics of acidic resistance, bile salt tolerance, and cell adhesion...
March 13, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282584/pomegranate-polyphenolics-reduce-inflammation-and-ulceration-in-intestinal-colitis-involvement-of-the-mir-145-p70s6k1-hif1%C3%AE-axis-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#7
Hyemee Kim, Nivedita Banerjee, Maritza A Sirven, Yasushi Minamoto, Melissa E Markel, Jan S Suchodolski, Stephen T Talcott, Susanne U Mertens-Talcott
This study investigated the potential role of the p70S6K1/HIF1α axis in the anti-inflammatory activities of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) polyphenolics in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in Sprague-Dawley rats and in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated CCD-18Co colon-myofibroblastic cells. Rats were administered either control (CT) or pomegranate beverage (PG), containing ellagic acid and ellagitannins, then exposed to three cycles of 3% DSS followed by a 2-week recovery period. PG protected against DSS-induced colon inflammation and ulceration (50% and 66...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282557/the-effect-of-combined-photobiomodulation-and-metformin-on-open-skin-wound-healing-in-a-non-genetic-model-of-type-ii-diabetes
#8
Mohammadali Asghari, Ali Kanonisabet, Mandanad Safakhah, Zahra Azimzadeh, Ataroalsadat Mostafavinia, Abdollah Amini, Seyed Kamran Ghorishi, Reza JalaliFiroozkohi, Sahar Bayat, Mohammad Bayat
This study intended to examine the combined influences of photobiomodulation (PBM) and metformin on the microbial flora and biomechanical parameters of wounds in a non-genetic model of type II diabetes mellitus (TII DM). We induced a non-genetic model of TII DM in 20 rats by feeding them a 10% fructose solution for 2weeks followed by an injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 40mg/kg). After 21days from the injection of STZ, we induced one full-thickness skin wound in each of the diabetic rats. We randomly divided the rats into four groups: i) placebo; ii) pulsed wave laser (890nm, 80Hz, 0...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276612/a-gut-reaction-the-combined-influence-of-exercise-and-diet-on-gastrointestinal-microbiota-in-rats
#9
Romeo Batacan, Andrew Fenning, Vincent J Dalbo, Aaron T Scanlan, Mitch J Duncan, Robert J Moore, Dragana Stanley
AIMS: Intestinal microbiota modulates the development of clinical conditions, including metabolic syndrome and obesity. Many of these conditions are influenced by nutritional and exercise behaviours. This study aimed to investigate the ability of exercise to re-shape the intestinal microbiota and the influence of the diet on the process. METHODS AND RESULTS: A rat model was used to examine the intestinal microbiota responses to four activity conditions, including: high intensity interval training, light intensity training, sedentary and normal control, each containing two nutritional conditions: high-fat high-fructose diet (HF) and standard chow (SC) diet...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276067/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-weissella-cibaria-and-lactobacillus-plantarum-for-their-protective-effect-against-cadmium-and-lead-toxicities
#10
Opeyemi Ojekunle, Kolawole Banwo, Abiodun I Sanni
Thirty-two lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolates were obtained from fermenting cassava mash and wara (African soft cheese) and screened for their resistance to cadmium and lead toxicities at 550 to 1050 mg l(-1) and probiotic potentials. Four LAB strains that tolerated the heavy metals at 1050 mg l(-1) were selected for antioxidative capacities, tolerance to acid, bile salts and simulated gastric and intestinal tract and safety status. The results revealed that Weissella cibaria WD2 and Lactobacillus plantarum CaD1 exhibited comparatively higher antioxidative capacities, survived in simulated gastric and intestinal transit, tolerated acid and bile salt and possessed safety status...
March 9, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270811/animal-models-of-leptospirosis-of-mice-and-hamsters
#11
REVIEW
Maria Gomes-Solecki, Ignacio Santecchia, Catherine Werts
Pathogenic Leptospira sp. are spirochetal bacteria responsible for leptospirosis, an emerging worldwide zoonosis. These spirochetes are very successful pathogens that infect a wide range of hosts such as fish, reptiles, birds, marsupials, and mammals. Transmission occurs when chronically infected animals excrete live bacteria in their urine, contaminating the environment. Leptospira sp. enter their hosts through damaged skin and mucosa. Chronically infected rats and mice are asymptomatic and are considered as important reservoirs of the disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262674/effect-of-predatory-bacteria-on-the-gut-bacterial-microbiota-in-rats
#12
Kenneth Shatzkes, Chi Tang, Eric Singleton, Sean Shukla, Michael Zuena, Shilpi Gupta, Sonal Dharani, Joseph Rinaggio, Nancy D Connell, Daniel E Kadouri
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus and Micavibrio aeruginosavorus are Gram-negative proteobacteria that are obligate predators of other Gram-negative bacteria and are considered potential alternatives to antibiotics. Most studies focusing on predatory bacteria have been performed in vitro, thus the effect of predatory bacteria on a live host, including the impact on the ecology of the native microbiota, has yet to be fully examined. In this study, intrarectal inoculations of Sprague-Dawley rats with predatory bacteria were performed...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259042/probiotic-treatment-reduces-depressive-like-behaviour-in-rats-independently-of-diet
#13
Anders Abildgaard, Betina Elfving, Marianne Hokland, Gregers Wegener, Sten Lund
The gut microbiota has recently emerged as an important regulator of brain physiology and behaviour in animals, and ingestion of certain bacteria (probiotics) therefore appear to be a potential treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). However, some conceptual and mechanistical aspects need further elucidation. We therefore aimed at investigating whether the habitual diet may interact with the effect of probiotics on depression-related behaviour and further examined some potentially involved mechanisms underlying the microbe-mediated behavioural effects...
February 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254074/development-of-antibacterial-conjugates-using-sulfamethoxazole-with-monocyclic-terpenes-a-systematic-medicinal-chemistry-based-computational-approach
#14
Shasank S Swain, Sudhir K Paidesetty, Rabindra N Padhy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To develop 6 conjugate agents of the moribund antibiotic sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) joined to 6 individual monoterpenes, followed by protocols of medicinal chemistry as potent antibacterials, against multidrug resistant (MDR) human gruesome pathogenic bacteria. METHODS: Antibacterial activities of the proposed conjugates were ascertained by the 'prediction of activity spectra of substances' (PASS) program. Drug-likeness parameters and toxicity profiles of conjugates were standardized with the Lipinski rule of five, using cheminformatic tools, Molsoft, molinspiration, OSIRIS and ProTox...
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250440/postnatal-development-of-the-small-intestinal-mucosa-drives-age-dependent-regio-selective-susceptibility-to-escherichia-coli-k1-infection
#15
George M H Birchenough, Fatma Dalgakiran, Luci A Witcomb, Malin E V Johansson, Alex J McCarthy, Gunnar C Hansson, Peter W Taylor
The strong age dependency of neonatal systemic infection with Escherichia coli K1 can be replicated in the neonatal rat. Gastrointestinal (GI) colonization of two-day-old (P2) rats leads to invasion of the blood within 48 h of initiation of colonization; pups become progressively less susceptible to infection over the P2-P9 period. We show that, in animals colonized at P2 but not at P9, E. coli K1 bacteria gain access to the enterocyte surface in the mid-region of the small intestine and translocate through the epithelial cell monolayer by an intracellular pathway to the submucosa...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246335/dynamic-regulation-of-extracellular-atp-in-escherichia-coli
#16
Cora Lilia Alvarez, Gerardo Corradi, Natalia Lauri, Irene Marginedas-Freixa, María Florencia Leal Denis, Nicolás Enrique, Sabina María Mate, Verónica Milesi, Mariano Anibal Ostuni, Vanesa Herlax, Pablo J Schwarzbaum
We studied the kinetics of extracellular ATP (ATPe) in Escherichia coli , and their outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) stimulated with amphipatic peptides melittin (MEL) and mastoparan 7 (MST7). Real time luminometry was used to measure ATPe kinetics, ATP release and ATPase activity. The latter was also determined by following [(32)P]Pi released from [γ-(32)P]ATP. E. coli was studied alone, coincubated with Caco-2 cells or in rat jejunum segments. In E. coli , addition of [γ-(32)P]ATP led to uptake and subsequent hydrolysis of ATPe...
February 28, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242930/beneficial-effects-of-fermented-sardinelle-protein-hydrolysates-on-hypercaloric-diet-induced-hyperglycemia-oxidative-stress-and-deterioration-of-kidney-function-in-wistar-rats
#17
Ines Jemil, Rim Nasri, Ola Abdelhedi, Maria-Concepción Aristoy, Rabeb Ben Slama-Ben Salem, Choumous Kallel, Rim Marrekchi, Kamel Jamoussi, Abdelfattah ElFeki, Mohamed Hajji, Fidel Toldrá, Moncef Nasri
This study investigated the potential effects of fermented sardinelle protein hydrolysates (FSPHs) obtained by two proteolytic bacteria, Bacillus subtilis A26 (FSPH-A26) and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens An6 (FSPH-An6), on hypercaloric diet (HCD) induced hyperglycemia and oxidative stress in rats. Effects of FSPHs on blood glucose level, glucose tolerance, α-amylase activity and hepatic glycogen content were investigated, as well as their effect on the oxidative stress state. Biochemical findings revealed that, while undigested sardinelle proteins did not exhibit hypoglycemic activity, oral administration of FSPHs to HCD-fed rats reduced significantly α-amylase activity as well as glycemia and hepatic glycogen levels...
February 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239436/gut-microbiota-in-a-rat-oral-sensitization-model-effect-of-a-cocoa-enriched-diet
#18
Mariona Camps-Bossacoma, Francisco J Pérez-Cano, Àngels Franch, Margarida Castell
Increasing evidence is emerging suggesting a relation between dietary compounds, microbiota, and the susceptibility to allergic diseases, particularly food allergy. Cocoa, a source of antioxidant polyphenols, has shown effects on gut microbiota and the ability to promote tolerance in an oral sensitization model. Taking these facts into consideration, the aim of the present study was to establish the influence of an oral sensitization model, both alone and together with a cocoa-enriched diet, on gut microbiota...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237716/clostridium-perfringens-epsilon-toxin-induces-permanent-neuronal-degeneration-and-behavioral-changes
#19
Winston E Morris, Jorge Goldstein, Leandro M Redondo, Adriana Cangelosi, Patricia Geoghegan, Marcela Brocco, Fabián C Loidl, Mariano E Fernandez-Miyakawa
Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin (ETX), the most potent toxin produced by this bacteria, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of enterotoxaemia in ruminants, causing brain edema and encephalomalacia. Studies of animals suffering from ETX intoxication describe severe neurological disorders that are thought to be the result of vasogenic brain edemas and indirect neuronal toxicity, killing oligodendrocytes but not astrocytes, microglia, or neurons in vitro. In this study, by means of intravenous and intracerebroventricular delivery of sub-lethal concentrations of ETX, the histological and ultrastructural changes of the brain were studied in rats and mice...
February 22, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219687/structural-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-during-alleviation-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-with-herbal-formula
#20
Weijie Lv, Cui Liu, Chunxin Ye, Jiaqi Sun, Xiaowen Tan, Chao Zhang, Qian Qu, Dayou Shi, Shining Guo
The gut microbiome is hypothesized to play a critical role in gastrointestinal diseases, including antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). To determine whether the traditional Chinese herbal formula of Shen Ling Bai Zhu San (SLBZS) modulates the composition of the gut microbiome during AAD treatment, an AAD diarrhea model was prepared in rats by gastric gavage with lincomycin for 7 successive days, followed by administration of SLBZS for one week. At all time points after the SLBZS treatment, the diarrhea rates were significantly or at least numerically lower than that of the untreated model group...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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