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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337181/a-non-canonical-bcor-prc1-1-complex-represses-differentiation-programs-in-human-escs
#1
Zheng Wang, Micah D Gearhart, Yu-Wei Lee, Ishan Kumar, Bulat Ramazanov, Yan Zhang, Charles Hernandez, Alice Y Lu, Nils Neuenkirchen, Jingjing Deng, Jiaqi Jin, Yuval Kluger, Thomas A Neubert, Vivian J Bardwell, Natalia B Ivanova
Polycomb group proteins regulate self-renewal and differentiation in many stem cell systems. When assembled into two canonical complexes, PRC1 and PRC2, they sequentially deposit H3K27me3 and H2AK119ub histone marks and establish repressive chromatin, referred to as Polycomb domains. Non-canonical PRC1 complexes retain RING1/RNF2 E3-ubiquitin ligases but have unique sets of accessory subunits. How these non-canonical complexes recognize and regulate their gene targets remains poorly understood. Here, we show that the BCL6 co-repressor (BCOR), a member of the PRC1...
January 8, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337063/bmi1-activates-wnt-signaling-in-colon-cancer-by-negatively-regulating-the-wnt-antagonist-idax
#2
Feiyue Yu, Chuanyi Zhou, Hui Zeng, Yabing Liu, Shangfu Li
Aberrant activation of Wnt signaling plays a critical role in the development of colon cancer. BMI, a component of the polycomb repressive complex (PRC1), is upregulated in various types of cancer and contributes to epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressors. In this study, we showed that BMI1 is upregulated in colon cancer tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of BMI1 in primary epithelial colon cells promotes cellular growth and activates WNT pathway, while BMI1 silencing in colon cancer cells represses these effects...
January 11, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330295/epigenetic-reprogramming-of-pericentromeric-satellite-dna-in-premalignant-and-malignant-lesions
#3
Nadine H Brueckmann, Christina B Pedersen, Henrik J Ditzel, Morten F Gjerstorff
Repression of repetitive DNA is important for maintaining genomic stability, but is often perturbed in cancer. For instance, the megabase satellite domain at chromosome 1q12 is a common site of genetic rearrangements, such as translocations and deletions. Polycomb-group (PcG) proteins can be observed as large subnuclear domains called polycomb bodies, the composition and cellular function of which has remained elusive. This study, demonstrates that polycomb bodies are canonical subunits of the multiprotein polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) deposited on 1q12 pericentromeric satellite DNA, which are normally maintained as constitutive heterochromatin by other mechanisms...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320735/rybp-is-a-k63-ubiquitin-chain-binding-protein-that-inhibits-homologous-recombination-repair
#4
Mohammad A M Ali, Hilmar Strickfaden, Brian L Lee, Leo Spyracopoulos, Michael J Hendzel
Ring1-YY1-binding protein (RYBP) is a member of the non-canonical polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1), and like other PRC1 members, it is best described as a transcriptional regulator. However, several PRC1 members were recently shown to function in DNA repair. Here, we report that RYBP preferentially binds K63-ubiquitin chains via its Npl4 zinc finger (NZF) domain. Since K63-linked ubiquitin chains are assembled at DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), we examined the contribution of RYBP to DSB repair. Surprisingly, we find that RYBP is K48 polyubiquitylated by RNF8 and rapidly removed from chromatin upon DNA damage by the VCP/p97 segregase...
January 9, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316023/sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-x-chromosome-dose-effect-an-epigenetic-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Jean-Luc C Mougeot, Braxton Noll, Farah K Bahrani Mougeot
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease affecting exocrine glands leading to mouth and eyes dryness. The extent to which epigenetic DNA methylation changes are responsible for an X-chromosome dose effect has yet to be determined. Our objectives were to (i) describe how epigenetic DNA methylation changes could explain an X-chromosome dose effect in SS for women with normal 46,XX genotype and (ii) determine the relevant relationships to this dose effect, between X-linked genes, genes controlling X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) and genes encoding associated transcription factors, all of which are differentially expressed and/or differentially methylated in the salivary glands of SS patients...
January 9, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305979/target-gene-screening-and-evaluation-of-prognostic-values-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancers-by-bioinformatics-analysis
#6
Junjie Piao, Jie Sun, Yang Yang, Tiefeng Jin, Liyan Chen, Zhenhua Lin
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the major leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. This study aims to explore molecular mechanism of NSCLC. METHODS: Microarray dataset was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and analyzed by using GEO2R. Functional and pathway enrichment analysis were performed based on Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database. Then, STRING, Cytoscape and MCODE were applied to construct the Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and screen hub genes...
January 3, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234344/lhp1-could-act-as-an-activator-and-a-repressor-of-transcription-in-plants
#7
REVIEW
Jing Feng, Jiang Lu
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins within the polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) and PRC2 are significant epigenetic regulatory factors involved in important cellular and developmental processes in eukaryotes. In Arabidopsis, LIKE HETEROCHROMATIN PROTEIN 1 (LHP1), also known as TERMINAL FLOWER 2, has been proposed as a plant specific subunit of PRC1 that could bind the trimethylated lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27me3), which is established by PRC2 and is required for a functional plant PcG system. LHP1 not only interacts with PRC1 to catalyze monoubiquitination at lysine 119 of histone H2A but also functions with PRC2 to establish H3K27me3...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229426/cbx4-exhibits-oncogenic-activities-in-breast-cancer-via-notch1-signaling
#8
Jing-Sheng Zeng, Zhen-Dong Zhang, Li Pei, Zhi-Zhu Bai, Yong Yang, Hong Yang, Qiu-Hong Tian
Polycomb chromobox (CBX) proteins are involved in gene silencing to function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors through the polycomb repressive complex (PRC1). CBX4 has been implicated in the progression of human cancers, but its role and clinical significance in breast cancer remain unclear. Here, we show that CBX4 is up-regulated in breast cancer and exerts oncogenic activities via miR-137-mediated activation of Notch1 signaling pathway. CBX4 expression was increased in breast cancer, compared with the nontumorous tissues...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220657/hnrnpk-recruits-pcgf3-5-prc1-to-the-xist-rna-b-repeat-to-establish-polycomb-mediated-chromosomal-silencing
#9
Greta Pintacuda, Guifeng Wei, Chloë Roustan, Burcu Anil Kirmizitas, Nicolae Solcan, Andrea Cerase, Alfredo Castello, Shabaz Mohammed, Benoît Moindrot, Tatyana B Nesterova, Neil Brockdorff
The Polycomb-repressive complexes PRC1 and PRC2 play a key role in chromosome silencing induced by the non-coding RNA Xist. Polycomb recruitment is initiated by the PCGF3/5-PRC1 complex, which catalyzes chromosome-wide H2A lysine 119 ubiquitylation, signaling recruitment of other PRC1 complexes, and PRC2. However, the molecular mechanism for PCGF3/5-PRC1 recruitment by Xist RNA is not understood. Here we define the Xist RNA Polycomb Interaction Domain (XR-PID), a 600 nt sequence encompassing the Xist B-repeat element...
December 7, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208012/pho-dynamically-interacts-with-spt5-to-facilitate-transcriptional-switches-at-the-hsp70-locus
#10
Allwyn Pereira, Renato Paro
BACKGROUND: Numerous target genes of the Polycomb group (PcG) are transiently activated by a stimulus and subsequently repressed. However, mechanisms by which PcG proteins regulate such target genes remain elusive. RESULTS: We employed the heat shock-responsive hsp70 locus in Drosophila to study the chromatin dynamics of PRC1 and its interplay with known regulators of the locus before, during and after heat shock. We detected mutually exclusive binding patterns for HSF and PRC1 at the hsp70 locus...
December 6, 2017: Epigenetics & Chromatin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202468/polycomb-subunit-bmi1-determines-uterine-progesterone-responsiveness-essential-for-normal-embryo-implantation
#11
Qiliang Xin, Shuangbo Kong, Junhao Yan, Jingtao Qiu, Bo He, Chan Zhou, Zhangli Ni, Haili Bao, Lin Huang, Jinhua Lu, Guoliang Xia, Xicheng Liu, Zi-Jiang Chen, Chao Wang, Haibin Wang
Natural and synthetic progestogens have been commonly used to prevent recurrent pregnancy loss in women with inadequate progesterone secretion or reduced progesterone sensitivity. However, the clinical efficacy of progesterone and its analogs for maintaining pregnancy is variable. Additionally, the underlying cause of impaired endometrial progesterone responsiveness during early pregnancy remains unknown. Here, we demonstrated that uterine-selective depletion of BMI1, a key component of the polycomb repressive complex-1 (PRC1), hampers uterine progesterone responsiveness and derails normal uterine receptivity, resulting in implantation failure in mice...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190923/prognostic-values-of-distinct-cbx-family-members-in-breast-cancer
#12
Yuan-Ke Liang, Hao-Yu Lin, Chun-Fa Chen, De Zeng
Chromobox (CBX) family proteins are canonical components in polycomb repressive complexes 1 (PRC1), with epigenetic regulatory function and transcriptionally repressing target genes via chromatin modification. A plethora of studies have highlighted the function specifications among CBX family members in various cancer, including lung cancer, colon cancer and breast cancer. Nevertheless, the functions and prognostic roles of distinct CBX family members in breast cancer (BC) remain elusive. In this study, we reported the prognostic values of CBX family members in patients with BC through analysis of a series of databases, including CCLE, ONCOMINE, Xena Public Data Hubs, and Kaplan-Meier plotter...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187577/prc1e-and-kif4a-control-microtubule-organization-within-and-between-large-xenopus-egg-asters
#13
P A Nguyen, C M Field, T J Mitchison
The cleavage furrow in Xenopus zygotes is positioned by two large microtubule asters that grow out from the poles of the 1st mitotic spindle. Where these asters meet at the midplane they assemble a disc-shaped interaction zone consisting of anti-parallel microtubule bundles coated with chromosome passenger complex (CPC) and centralspindlin which instructs the cleavage furrow. Here, we investigate the mechanism that keeps the two asters separate, and forms a distinct boundary between them, focusing on the conserved cytokinesis midzone proteins Prc1 and Kif4A...
November 29, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187402/the-e3-ligase-ring1-targets-p53-for-degradation-and-promotes-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-survival
#14
Jiajia Shen, Pengyu Li, Xuejing Shao, Yang Yang, Xiu-Jun Liu, Min Feng, Qiang Yu, Ronggui Hu, Zhen Wang
As a component of the transcriptional repression complex 1 (PRC1), the ring finger protein RING1 participates in the epigenetic regulation in cancer. However, the contributions of RING1 to cancer etiology or development are unknown. In this study, we report that RING1 is a critical negative regulator of p53 homeostasis in human hepatocellular and colorectal carcinomas. RING1 acts as an E3 ubiquitin (Ub) ligase to directly interact with and ubiquitinate p53, resulting in its proteasome-dependent degradation...
November 29, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177687/epigenetic-factors-polycomb-pc-and-suppressor-of-zeste-su-z-2-negatively-regulate-longevity-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#15
Vasanthi Dasari, Surabhi Srivastava, Shagufta Khan, Rakesh K Mishra
The process of aging is a hallmark of the natural life span of all organisms and individuals within a population show variability in the measures of age related performance. Longevity and the rate of aging are influenced by several factors such as genetics, nutrition, stress, and environment. Many studies have focused on the genes that impact aging and there is increasing evidence that epigenetic factors regulate these genes to control life span. Polycomb (PcG) and trithorax (trxG) protein complexes maintain the expression profiles of developmentally important genes and regulate many cellular processes...
November 27, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166607/kdm2b-regulates-somatic-reprogramming-through-variant-prc1-complex-dependent-function
#16
Zhiwei Zhou, Xuejie Yang, Jiangping He, Jing Liu, Fang Wu, Shengyong Yu, Yuting Liu, Runxia Lin, He Liu, Yuanbin Cui, Chunhua Zhou, Xiaoshan Wang, Jian Wu, Shangtao Cao, Lin Guo, Lihui Lin, Tao Wang, Xiaozhong Peng, Boqing Qiang, Andrew P Hutchins, Duanqing Pei, Jiekai Chen
Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) plays essential roles in cell-fate determination. Recent studies have found that the composition of mammalian PRC1 is particularly varied and complex; however, little is known about the functional consequences of these variant PRC1 complexes on cell-fate determination. Here, we show that Kdm2b promotes Oct4-induced somatic reprogramming through recruitment of a variant PRC1 complex (PRC1.1) to CpG islands (CGIs). Furthermore, we find that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) represses Oct4/Kdm2b-induced somatic reprogramming selectively...
November 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158493/structural-and-spatial-chromatin-features-at-developmental-gene-loci-in-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#17
Hiroki Ikeda, Masamitsu Sone, Shinya Yamanaka, Takuya Yamamoto
Higher-order chromatin organization controls transcriptional programs that govern cell properties and functions. In order for pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) to appropriately respond to differentiation signals, developmental gene loci should be structurally and spatially regulated to be readily available for immediate transcription, even though these genes are hardly expressed in PSCs. Here, we show that both chromatin interaction profiles and nuclear positions at developmental gene loci differ between human somatic cells and hPSCs, and that changes in the chromatin interactions are closely related to the nuclear repositioning...
November 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103025/integrated-analysis-reveals-down-regulation-of-sparcl1-is-correlated-with-cervical-cancer-development-and-progression
#18
Dong-Ming Wu, Jiao Shi, Teng Liu, Shi-Hua Deng, Rong Han, Ying Xu
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common malignancy among women worldwide, and continued research to discover biomarkers or therapeutic targets will aid early diagnosis and treatment of this cancer. Here, we investigated novel cervical cancer biomarkers using integrated analysis of high-throughput sequencing data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. We have identified nine genes of interest that appear to be involved in cervical cancer development: SPARCL1, SYCP2, KIF4A, PRC1, TOP2A, LAMP3, KIF20A, MCM2, and APOBEC3B...
October 19, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097204/chitosan-coated-doxorubicin-nano-particles-drug-delivery-system-inhibits-cell-growth-of-liver-cancer-via-p53-prc1-pathway
#19
Bai-Liang Ye, Ru Zheng, Xiao-Jiao Ruan, Zhi-Hai Zheng, Hua-Jie Cai
BACKGROUND: Nano-particles have been widely used in target-specific drug delivery system and showed advantages in cancers treatment. This study aims to evaluate the effect of chitosan coated doxorubicin nano-particles drug delivery system in liver cancer. METHODS: The chitosan nano-particles were prepared by using the ionic gelation method. The characterizations of the nano-particles were determined by transmission electron microscopy. The cytotoxicity was detected by MTT assay, and the endocytosis, cell apoptosis and cell cycle were examined by flow cytometry...
October 30, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089522/the-polycomb-group-protein-cbx6-is-an-essential-regulator-of-embryonic-stem-cell-identity
#20
Alexandra Santanach, Enrique Blanco, Hua Jiang, Kelly R Molloy, Miriam Sansó, John LaCava, Lluis Morey, Luciano Di Croce
Polycomb group proteins (PcG) are transcriptional repressors that control cell identity and development. In mammals, five different CBX proteins associate with the core Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1). In mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), CBX6 and CBX7 are the most highly expressed CBX family members. CBX7 has been recently characterized, but little is known regarding the function of CBX6. Here, we show that CBX6 is essential for ESC identity. Its depletion destabilizes the pluripotency network and triggers differentiation...
November 1, 2017: Nature Communications
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