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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329726/patient-centered-communication-of-community-treatment-assistants-in-tanzania-predicts-coverage-of-future-mass-drug-administration-for-trachoma
#1
Alexander Jenson, Debra L Roter, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila West
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of Trachoma, the leading cause of infectious blindness, requires community treatment assistants (CTAs) to perform mass drug administration (MDA) of azithromycin. Previous research has shown that female CTAs have higher MDA coverage, but no studies have focused on the content of conversation. We hypothesize that female CTAs had more patient-centered communication and higher MDA coverage. METHODS: In 2011, CTAs from 23 distribution sites undergoing MDA as part of the Partnership for Rapid Elimination of Trachoma were selected...
January 6, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327603/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-patient-centered-goal-setting-practices-of-allied-health-clinicians-working-in-rehabilitation
#2
Lisa J Cameron, Lisa M Somerville, Catherine E Naismith, Dina Watterson, Valentina Maric, Natasha A Lannin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways clinicians engage rehabilitation patients in patient-centered goal setting and identify factors influencing the goal-setting process. DESIGN: Ethnographic study utilizing observed practice-thematic analysis. SETTING: Four rehabilitation wards of a large metropolitan hospital in Melbourne, Australia. SUBJECTS: Participants included 17 rehabilitation patients, 18 allied health clinicians and one family member...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324477/assuring-quality-for-non-hospital-based-biologic-infusions-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-clinical-report-from-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#3
Elaine Barfield, Robbyn Sockolow, Edward Hoffenberg, Shehzad Saeed, Sandra Kim, Leah Siebold, Joseph Picoraro, Jonathan Moses, Dana Dykes, Andrew Grossman, Ghassan Wahbeh, K T Park
The primary aim of this Clinical Report by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition is to provide formal guidance to pediatric gastroenterologists and clinicians, health systems, and insurance payers regarding home- and office-based infusions for biologic therapies in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patients in North America are increasingly denied coverage by payers based on "place of service" codes at hospital-based infusion units where the treating clinicians primarily provide care...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301563/factors-related-to-negative-feelings-experienced-by-emergency-department-patients-and-accompanying-persons-an-israeli-study
#4
Simha F Landau, Judy Bendalak, Gila Amitay, Ohad Marcus
BACKGROUND: Studies on hospital violence have emphasized the importance of staff- service recipient interaction in leading to violent incidents. These incidents are the extreme result of service recipients' frustration and anger in their interaction with staff. The aim of this study was to analyze factors related to negative experiences of emergency department (ED) patients and accompanying persons in Israeli hospitals. METHODS: Structured interviews with 692 participants in seven major general Israeli hospitals: 322 patients and 370 accompanying persons...
January 4, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276762/live-learn-pass-it-on-a-patient-advocacy-engagement-project-on-the-lived-experience-of-lung-cancer-survivors
#5
Sydney M Dy, Ellen M Janssen, Andrea Ferris, John Fp Bridges
Introduction: The objective of this project was to engage survivor-advocates by describing their experiences living with lung cancer in an era of increasing treatment options. Methods: This was a qualitative engagement project with participants from a lung cancer advocacy organization's survivor advisory board. Interviews were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed for stages and associated experiences using interpretive phenomenological analysis and elements of narrative analysis, in partnership with the patient advocacy organization...
December 2017: Journal of Patient Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274920/-assessing-the-balance-of-quality-indicator-sets-of-external-quality-assurance-according-to-sgb-v-section-136
#6
Klaus Doebler, Max Geraedts
INTRODUCTION: The value and usefulness of the results of indicator-based performance measurement in healthcare for different purposes do not only depend on the methodological quality of the individual indicators but also on the composition of the indicator sets. So far, the balance of the currently used indicator sets of the German mandatory national performance measurement system for hospitals has not been systematically analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Due to the lack of a methodological gold standard for the assessment of balance and orientation of indicator sets we adapted the OECD concept of quality dimensions and defined four categories: 1) "Achieving primary goals of treatment", 2) "Avoiding adverse events", 3) "Indication" and 4) "Patient-centeredness"...
December 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243363/surfacing-and-addressing-hospitalized-patients-needs-proactive-nurse-rounding-as-a-tool
#7
Jad Al Danaf, Bickey H Chang, Mohammad Shaear, Kristine M Johnson, Sandra Miller, Lynda Nester, Amy W Williams, Hanan J Aboumatar
AIMS: This paper reports on rounding interventions employed at high performing hospitals, and provides three case studies on how proactive nurse rounding was successfully implemented to improve patient-centredness. BACKGROUND: Proactive nurse rounding is a popular form of rounding that has shown promise for improving patient outcomes, yet, little evidence exists on how to implement it successfully. METHODS: We identified high-performing hospitals in the domains of staff responsiveness and nurse communications in the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Health Providers and Systems survey nationally, and conducted case studies at three of these hospitals exploring their implementation of proactive nurse rounding...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241347/hospital-based-clinicians-perceptions-of-geographic-cohorting-identifying-opportunities-for-improvement
#8
Areeba Kara, Cynthia S Johnson, Siu L Hui, Deanne Kashiwagi
Members of the Society of Hospital Medicine were surveyed about geographic cohorting (GCh); 369 responses were analyzed, two thirds of which were from GCh participants. Improved collaboration with the bedside nurse, increased nonclinical interactions, decreased paging interruptions, and improved efficiency were perceived by >50%. Narrowed clinical expertise, increased fragmentation, increased face-to-face interruptions, and an adverse impact on camaraderie within the hospitalist group were reported by 25% to 50%...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231130/development-and-testing-of-the-provider-and-staff-perceptions-of-integrated-care-pspic-survey
#9
Sarah Derrett, Kathryn E Gunter, Ari Samaranayaka, Sara J Singer, Robert S Nocon, Michael T Quinn, Mary Breheny, Amanda Campbell, Cynthia T Schaefer, Loretta J Heuer, Marshall H Chin
This article discusses development and testing of the Provider and Staff Perceptions of Integrated Care Survey, a 21-item questionnaire, informed by Singer and colleagues' seven-construct framework. Questionnaires were sent to 2,936 providers and staff at 100 federally qualified health centers and other safety net clinics in 10 Midwestern U.S. states; 332 were ineligible, leaving 2,604 potential participants. Following 4 mailings, 781 (30%) responded from 97 health centers. Item analyses, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis were undertaken...
December 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222999/the-symbolic-affordances-of-a-video-mediated-gaze-in-emergency-psychiatry
#10
Marianne V Trondsen, Aksel Tjora, Alex Broom, Graham Scambler
While mental illness is a significant health challenge worldwide, the availability of specialists is limited, especially in rural areas and for psychiatric emergencies. Although tele-psychiatry, via real-time videoconferencing (VC), is used to provide consultative services in areas that lack psychiatrists, there are a paucity of studies on the use of VC for psychiatric emergencies. We examine how VC matters for patient involvement and professional practice in the first Norwegian emergency tele-psychiatric service...
January 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207455/verbal-communication-of-students-with-high-patient-physician-interaction-scores-in-a-clinical-performance-examination-assessed-by-standardized-patients
#11
HyeRin Roh, Kyung Hye Park, Song Yi Park
PURPOSE: Standardized patients (SPs) tend to rate medical students' communication skills subjectively and comprehensively, in contrast to such objective skill set defined in the clinical performance examination (CPX). Meanwhile, medical school instructors have a different approach in their evaluation of students' communication skills. We aim to analyze medical students' verbal communication skills using objective methods, and to determine the contributing factors of a patient-physician interaction (PPI) score...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200834/effects-of-patients-motives-in-choosing-a-provider-on-determining-the-type-of-medical-institution
#12
Yeon-Yong Kim, Jaekyoung Bae, Jin-Seok Lee
Background: Primary care is relatively weak in the Republic of Korea. As the referral system is not well established, patients can freely choose from among clinics, hospitals, and tertiary hospitals. This study was conducted to determine the factors influencing patients' choice of providers. Methods: A survey was conducted of 999 Korean adults aged 19-59 years. An exploratory factor analysis was performed on nine factors influencing their motives in choosing a medical provider...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182607/the-current-state-of-funded-nih-grants-in-implementation-science-in-genomic-medicine-a-portfolio-analysis
#13
Megan C Roberts, Mindy Clyne, Amy E Kennedy, David A Chambers, Muin J Khoury
PurposeImplementation science offers methods to evaluate the translation of genomic medicine research into practice. The extent to which the National Institutes of Health (NIH) human genomics grant portfolio includes implementation science is unknown. This brief report's objective is to describe recently funded implementation science studies in genomic medicine in the NIH grant portfolio, and identify remaining gaps.MethodsWe identified investigator-initiated NIH research grants on implementation science in genomic medicine (funding initiated 2012-2016)...
October 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157686/unequal-interactions-examining-the-role-of-patient-centered-care-in-the-inequitable-diffusion-of-a-medical-innovation-the-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine
#14
Anny T Fenton, Marc N Elliott, David C Schwebel, Zahava Berkowitz, Nicole C Liddon, Susan R Tortolero, Paula M Cuccaro, Suzy L Davies, Mark A Schuster
RATIONALE: Studies of inequities in diffusion of medical innovations rarely consider the role of patient-centered care. OBJECTIVE: We used uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine shortly after its licensing to explore the role of patient-centered care. METHODS: Using a longitudinal multi-site survey of US parents and adolescents, we assessed whether patient-centered care ratings might shape racial/ethnic and socioeconomic gaps at two decision points in the HPV vaccination process: (1) Whether a medical provider recommends the vaccine and (2) whether a parent decides to vaccinate...
October 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129270/patient-centeredness-of-integrated-care-programs-for-people-with-multimorbidity-results-from-the-european-icare4eu-project
#15
Iris van der Heide, Sanne Snoeijs, Sabrina Quattrini, Verena Struckmann, Anneli Hujala, François Schellevis, Mieke Rijken
INTRODUCTION: This paper aims to support the implementation of patient-centered care for people with multimorbidity in Europe, by providing insight into ways in which patient-centeredness is currently shaped in integrated care programs for people with multimorbidity in European countries. METHODS: In 2014, expert organizations in 31 European countries identified 200 integrated care practices ('programs') in 25 countries of which 123 were included in our study. Managers of 112 programs from 24 countries completed a questionnaire about characteristics and results of the program, including questions on elements of patient-centeredness...
November 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121897/differences-between-medical-student-and-faculty-perceptions-of-the-competencies-needed-for-the-first-year-of-residency
#16
Sophie Fürstenberg, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Different guidelines and frameworks like the CanMEDs model or entrustable professional activities (EPAs) describe competencies required for successful and professional work of residents. Not all competencies are of equal importance for graduates when they start their residency. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of different competencies for a first year resident from the perspective of physicians and medical students. METHODS: In an online study, 178 of 475 surgeons and internists including residents and attendings and 102 of 728 first and last year undergraduate medical students from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf ranked 25 competencies according to their relevance for entrustment decisions in first year residents...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121480/palliative-care-planner-pcplanner-a-pilot-study-to-evaluate-acceptability-and-usability-of-an-electronic-health-records-system-integrated-needs-targeted-app-platform
#17
Christopher E Cox, Derek M Jones, Wen Reagan, Mary D Key, Vinca Chow, Jessica McFarlin, David Casarett, Claire J Creutzfeldt, Sharron L Docherty
RATIONALE: The quality and patient-centeredness of intensive care unit (ICU)-based palliative care delivery is highly variable. OBJECTIVE: To develop and pilot an app platform for clinicians, ICU patients, and their family members that enhances the delivery of needs-targeted palliative care. METHODS: In the Development Phase of the study, we developed an electronic health record (EHR) system-integrated mobile web app system prototype, PCplanner (Palliative Care Planner)...
November 9, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102443/is-it-my-turn-to-speak-an-analysis-of-the-dialogue-in-the-family-physician-intensive-care-unit-conference
#18
Tessie W October, Zoelle B Dizon, Debra L Roter
OBJECTIVE: Apply turn analysis to family conferences in the pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: We analyzed 39 audio-recorded family conferences using the Roter Interaction Analysis System. A turn was defined as a continuous block of uninterrupted statements by a speaker. RESULTS: Opening turns by the healthcare team (HCT) averaged 207s, compared to 28s for families. Turn density (number of statements/turn) was 6 for the HCT versus 2 for families (p<0...
October 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091531/measuring-patient-centeredness-of-care-for-seriously-ill-individuals-challenges-and-opportunities-for-accountability-initiatives
#19
Rebecca Anhang Price, Marc N Elliott
Patient- and family-centeredness of care is particularly important for individuals with serious illness. In this article, we describe methodological challenges of using measures of patient- and family-centeredness in accountability initiatives such as public reporting and pay for performance. We begin with background on measuring patient- and family-centered care using standardized surveys, describe evidence of the use of these measures for quality improvement, and highlight methodological challenges in the development and implementation of these measures for use in accountability...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077195/developing-a-caries-risk-registry-to-support-caries-risk-assessment-and-management-for-children-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#20
Jesley C Ruff, Jill Boylston Herndon, Roger A Horton, Julie Lynch, Dawn C Mathwig, Audra Leonard, Krishna Aravamudhan
OBJECTIVES: Health registries are commonly used in medicine to support public health activities and are increasingly used in quality improvement (QI) initiatives. Illustrations of dental registries and their QI applications are lacking. Within dentistry, caries risk assessment implementation and documentation are vital to optimal patient care. The purpose of this article is to describe the processes used to develop a caries risk assessment registry as a QI initiative to support clinical caries risk assessment, caries prevention, and disease management for children...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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