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Gastric cancer AND radiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915886/prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-loco-regionally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#1
Bo Hultman, Ulf Gunnarsson, Peter Nygren, Magnus Sundbom, Bengt Glimelius, Haile Mahteme
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiologic and prognostic factors relevant to the treatment of loco-regionally advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-five patients with GC were identified in Uppsala County between 2000 and 2009. Patient records were analyzed for loco-regionally advanced GC defined as tumor with peritoneal involvement, excluding serosal invasion from the primary tumor only, at primary diagnosis or during follow-up...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905005/management-of-gastric-cancer-in-indian-population
#2
REVIEW
Mohammed Ibrahim, Kissan Gilbert
Adenocarcinoma stands the most common malignancies in the gastric carcinomas and holds a significant mortality and morbidity rates annually, due to the early vague symptoms among the population and hence the delayed presentation at advanced stages of cancer. In India the screening programs for gastric cancer has been a setback due to various logistics reasons and the data available from reporting is also not content. Our study is a review article featuring the management of gastric cancer in the Indian population...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902346/prediction-of-radiosensitive-patients-with-gastric-cancer-by-developing-gene-signature
#3
Jin Zhou, Xiaoyu Wu, Gang Li, Xin Gao, Min Zhai, Weichang Chen, Huagang Hu, Zaixiang Tang
Adjuvant radiotherapy is an important clinical treatment for the majority of gastric cancer, a common cancer. However, radiotherapy is a double-edged sword. It is necessary to develop a method to predict radiosensitive patients who are most likely to benefit from radiotherapy. Using the publicly available data of gastric cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we developed a gene signature that predicts radiosensitive patients through estimating a new index, nominal HR (nHR) (HR product of sensitive genes), for each patient...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881161/leptomeningeal-carcinomatosis-from-gastric-cancer-successfully-treated-by-the-intrathecal-methotrexate-plus-temozolomide-and-simultaneous-radiotherapy-case-report-and-literatures-review
#4
Yangyang Liu
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) from gastrointestinal cancer is rare. A 56-year-old man with complaint of upper abdominal pain exhibited adenocarcinoma upon histopathologic examination of biopsy specimens. At the end of adjuvant chemotherapy, the patient was affected by hearing loss. Malignant cells were observed by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology. Therefore, the patient received intrathecal methotrexate and oral temozolomide chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The progress-free survival was approximately 11 months...
September 7, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877045/advances-in-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer
#5
David H Ilson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent studies in esophagogastric cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Positive emission tomography (PET) scan in follow-up after curative treatment of esophagogastric cancer did not lead to improved survival. In the preoperative treatment of esophagogastric cancer, the addition of the antivascular endothelial growth factor agent bevacizumab to perioperative chemotherapy with combination epirubicin, cisplatinum, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU; ECF) failed to improve survival compared with chemotherapy alone...
September 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870211/re-irradiation-for-oligo-recurrence-from-esophageal-cancer-with-radiotherapy-history-a-multi-institutional-study
#6
Keiichi Jingu, Yuzuru Niibe, Hideomi Yamashita, Kuniaki Katsui, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Tomohiro Nishina, Atsuro Terahara
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy following surgery has recently become a standard therapy. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effectiveness and toxicity of re-irradiation for oligo-recurrence in lymph nodes from esophageal cancer treated by definitive radiotherapy or by surgery with additional radiotherapy. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively 248 patients treated with (chemo)radiotherapy for oligo-recurrence in lymph nodes from esophageal cancer in five Japanese high-volume centers between 2000 and 2015...
September 5, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860082/memantine-derived-drugs-as-potential-antitumor-agents-for-the-treatment-of-glioblastoma
#7
Ivana Cacciatore, Erika Fornasari, Lisa Marinelli, Piera Eusepi, Michele Ciulla, Ozlem Ozdemir, Abdulgani Tatar, Hasan Turkez, Antonio Di Stefano
Glioblastoma is one of the most aggressive malignant primary brain cancer in adults. To date, surgery, radiotherapy and current pharmacological treatments are not sufficient to manage this pathology that has a high mortality rate (median survival 12-15months). Recently, anticancer multi-targeted compounds have attracted much attention with the aim to obtain new drugs able to hit different biological targets that are involved in the onset and progression of the disease. Here, we report the synthesis of novel memantine-derived drugs (MP1-10) and their potential antitumor activities in human U87MG glioblastoma cell line...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811720/endoscopic-occlusion-with-silicone-spigots-for-the-closure-of-refractory-esophago-bronchiole-fistula-after-esophagectomy
#8
Masaya Uesato, Tsuguaki Kono, Yasunori Akutsu, Kentarou Murakami, Akiko Kagaya, Yorihiko Muto, Akira Nakano, Mizuho Aikawa, Tomohide Tamachi, Hiroyuki Amagai, Takahiro Arasawa, Yasuhide Muto, Hisahiro Matsubara
A 65-year-old man with cT1bN0M0 stage I middle thoracic esophageal cancer underwent subtotal esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction through the posterior mediastinal route after preoperative carbon-ion radiotherapy and chemotherapy in a clinical trial. Anastomotic leakage occurred, but it spontaneously improved. At six months after the operation, he was rehospitalized with a cough and dysphagia. An esophago-bronchiole fistula and stenosis of the gastric tube were observed. He first underwent stent placement in the gastric tube...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808985/hemostatic-radiotherapy-used-twice-for-inoperable-progressive-gastric-cancer-with-bleeding
#9
Osamu Tanaka, Kana Matsuura, Akihiko Sugiyama, Tomohiro Kato, Eiichi Tomita, Masayuki Matsuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800749/palliative-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-tumor-bleeding-in-inoperable-advanced-gastric-cancer
#10
Yun Hee Lee, Jeong Won Lee, Hong Seok Jang
BACKGROUND: To assess the outcomes and prognostic factors associated with palliative external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), administered to patients with advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: Forty-two patients with bleeding gastric tumors that received EBRT for palliation were analyzed. The response to EBRT was assessed by the palliation of tumor bleeding. Patients were classified as either responders, or non-responders to EBRT. The prognostic utility of clinical and dosimetric variables was examined in a multivariate logistic regression model...
August 12, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781787/combined-perioperative-eox-chemotherapy-and-postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#11
Qiushan He, Juan Zhao, Jia Yuan, Zhimin Gong, Tienan Yi
Currently, adjunctive therapy for gastric cancer is not standardized worldwide and the most effective combination of different modalities has not been clearly determined. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively analyze the efficacy and toxicity of the combination of perioperative epirubicin, capecitabine and oxaliplatin (EOX) chemotherapy and postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer. A total of 41 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who had undergone perioperative EOX chemotherapy and surgical resection followed by chemoradiotherapy, were assessed...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764790/successful-management-of-rare-gingival-metastasis-from-gastric-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Zhili Wu, Jun Tang, Yan Li, Husheng Lu, Jun Xu, Donglai Lv
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer rarely metastasizes to the oral cavity, especially to gingiva. Only 18 cases have been reported worldwide to date. This paper herein presents the nineteenth case of gingival metastasis from gastric cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man who underwent a radical gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma was admitted to clinical oncology center for gingival mass which was originally diagnosed as epulis. The subsequent positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) and histopathological examination revealed a gingival metastatic adenocarcinoma originated from gastric carcinoma...
August 1, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740840/bicytopenia-and-leukoerythroblastosis-a-rare-initial-presentation-of-signet-ring-cell-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#13
REVIEW
Vilma Takayasu, Edna Harumi Goto, Mayra Zanon Casagrande, Paulo Guilherme de Arruda Miranda, Gabriela Bezerra de Freitas Diniz, Micaela Frasson Monteiro, Aloisio Felipe-Silva
Gastric adenocarcinoma is a common neoplasia and is responsible for up to 30% of the overall deaths due to cancer. Advanced disease is mostly characterized by peritoneum, liver, and lung involvement. The spread of the disease to the bone is rare, and bone marrow dissemination is even rarer. In this setting, leukoerythroblastosis may be the initial manifestation of the disease. The authors report the case of a 64-year-old Caucasian man who sought medical care complaining of back pain, weakness, and weight loss...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736648/the-utility-of-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-in-target-delineation-for-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-liver-metastasis-from-primary-gastric-cancer-an-illustrative-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Gary D Lewis, Stephen B Chiang, E Brian Butler, Bin S Teh
The liver is a common site for metastatic disease for many cancers. Radiation therapy is one means of treatment for liver metastases, especially for patients unable to undergo surgery or ineligible for systemic chemotherapy. In particular, stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has become an important option in the treatment of metastatic disease in the liver. SBRT delivers ablative doses of radiation in relatively few fractions. As such, precise and clear imaging plays an important role in maximizing disease control while minimizing normal tissue toxicity...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720148/multifocal-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-a-patient-with-lrba-deficiency
#15
Nina Bratanič, Jernej Kovač, Katka Pohar, Katarina Trebušak Podkrajšek, Alojz Ihan, Tadej Battelino, Magdalena Avbelj Stefanija
BACKGROUND: Lipopolysaccharide-responsive, beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency is characterized by primary immunodeficiency and autoimmunity. Cancer may present another feature of LRBA deficiency. We describe a case history of a young adult with LRBA deficiency and two independent malignancies. METHODS: Family-trio whole exome sequencing with unbiased phenotype ontology approach was used for identification of causative mutations of a primary immune deficiency disorder...
July 18, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706156/time-to-local-recurrence-as-a-predictor-of-survival-in-unrecetable-gastric-cancer-patients-after-radical-gastrectomy
#16
Hui Li, Xiangyu Jin, Peng Liu, Wei Hong
Local recurrence is common after radical surgery. However, the factors that contribute to survival after local recurrence remain unclear. In this retrospective study we analyzed the relationship between time to recurrence and survival after recurrence in 74 patients with locally recurrent gastric cancer. All patients received palliative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. The patients were divided into two groups according to the time between gastrectomy and local recurrence: early local recurrence (ELR, < 12 months after primary surgery), and late local recurrence (LLR, ≥12 months after primary surgery)...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671042/progress-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-gastric-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Zheyu Song, Yuanyu Wu, Jiebing Yang, Dingquan Yang, Xuedong Fang
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the digestive system. Surgery is currently considered to be the only radical treatment. As surgical techniques improve and progress is made in traditional radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and the implementation of neoadjuvant therapy, the 5-year survival rate of early gastric cancer can reach >95%. However, the low rate of early diagnosis means that most patients have advanced-stage disease at diagnosis and so the best surgical window is missed. Therefore, the main treatment for advanced gastric cancer is the combination of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, molecular-targeted therapy, and immunotherapy...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611300/consistency-mapping-of-16-lymph-node-stations-in-gastric-cancer-by-ct-based-vessel-guided-delineation-of-255-patients
#18
Shuhang Xu, Lingling Feng, Yongming Chen, Ying Sun, Yao Lu, Shaomin Huang, Yang Fu, Rongqin Zheng, Yujing Zhang, Rong Zhang
In order to refine the location and metastasis-risk density of 16 lymph node stations of gastric cancer for neoadjuvant radiotherapy, we retrospectively reviewed the initial images and pathological reports of 255 gastric cancer patients with lymphatic metastasis. Metastatic lymph nodes identified in the initial computed tomography images were investigated by two radiologists with gastrointestinal specialty. A circle with a diameter of 5 mm was used to identify the central position of each metastatic lymph node, defined as the LNc (the central position of the lymph node)...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591092/the-role-of-radiation-therapy-in-upper-gastrointestinal-cancers
#19
David H Ilson
Upper gastrointestinal cancers are common and account for a high proportion of cases of cancer-related morbidity and mortality. Combined-modality therapy with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy is standard treatment for esophageal and gastroesophageal junction cancers. For gastric cancer, the need to include radiation therapy appears to depend on the quality of the surgery performed. Radiation therapy plays an uncertain role in the surgical management of pancreatic cancer, and the results of ongoing clinical trials are awaited...
May 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552373/surgical-treatment-of-complications-after-high-dose-chemoradiotherapy-for-lung-cancer
#20
Chris Dickhoff, Max Dahele, Sayed M Hashemi, Suresh Senan, Egbert F Smit, Koen J Hartemink, Marinus A Paul
BACKGROUND: There are limited published reports on the indications for, and outcomes of, a surgical intervention for complications arising after high-dose chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We report on our institutional experience with such cases. METHODS: Patients who underwent operations for any complication after CRT (≥60 Gy) for NSCLC between 2009 and 2015 were identified. All operations were performed at a tertiary referral center...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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