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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324678/traumatic-stress-symptoms-after-the-november-13th-2015-terrorist-attacks-among-young-adults-the-relation-to-media-and-emotion-regulation
#1
Emmanuel Monfort, Mohammad Hassan Afzali
OBJECTIVE: A major terror attack occurred in the Paris region on 13th November 2015. This event was widely showed, described, and commented in the media. Media consumption may lead to a widespread diffusion of trauma-related symptoms following a collective trauma. These effects may depend on the type of media and emotion regulation strategies used by the media consumer. METHOD: Trauma history, traumatic symptoms, media consumption, psychological distress, and emotion regulation strategies of 451 young adults were assessed by an online survey...
March 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319687/effects-of-subclinical-depression-anxiety-and-somatization-on-brain-structure-in-healthy-subjects
#2
Bianca Besteher, Christian Gaser, Kerstin Langbein, Maren Dietzek, Heinrich Sauer, Igor Nenadić
BACKGROUND: Dimensional approaches in highly prevalent psychiatric disorders like depression or anxiety could lead to a better understanding of pathogenesis and advantages in early detection and prevention. In an effort to better understand associations of brain structural variation across the depression/anxiety spectra, we investigated minor subclinical symptoms in a non-clinical healthy population. METHODS: We studied 177 healthy subjects from the community, who underwent high-resolution T1-weighted 3T MRI and completed the symptom-checklist-90 (SCL-90-R)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318414/the-prevalence-of-self-reported-premenstrual-symptoms-and-evaluation-of-regular-exercise-with-premenstrual-symptoms-among-female-employees-in-taiwan
#3
Su-Ying Tsai, Fu-Chen Kuo, Hsin-Chih Kuo, Li-Ling Liao
Few studies have focused on premenstrual symptoms in employees. This study explored the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms in 7,193 female employees aged 18-55 years in a large electronics manufacturer in Taiwan from August 2014 to December 2014 and examined whether regular exercise was associated with premenstrual symptoms. Information was collected on demographics, lifestyle, menstrual history, menstrual pain, and premenstrual symptoms. Half of the participants reported irregular menstruation; 79.4% reported a moderate menstruation amount, and half reported little impact of menstrual pain at work...
March 20, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314547/brief-assessment-of-subjective-health-complaints-development-validation-and-population-norms-of-a-brief-form-of-the-giessen-subjective-complaints-list-gbb-8
#4
Sören Kliem, Anna Lohmann, Thimna Klatt, Thomas Mößle, Florian Rehbein, Andreas Hinz, Manfred Beutel, Elmar Brähler
OBJECTIVE: Although there is no causal relationship to medical morbidity, routine clinical assessment of somatic symptoms aids medical diagnosis and assessment of treatment effectiveness. Regardless of their causes, somatic symptoms indicate suffering, distress, and help-seeking behavior. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a brief self-report questionnaire to assess somatic symptom strain. METHODS: A brief form of the Giessen Subjective Complaints List (GBB-8) was developed and validated in a large population sample representative of the Federal Republic of Germany (N=2008)...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303109/the-effect-of-abuse-history-on-adolescent-patients-with-feeding-and-eating-disorders-treated-through-psychodynamic-therapy-comorbidities-and-outcome
#5
Annamaria M Strangio, Lucio Rinaldi, Gianluigi Monniello, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Chiara de Waure, Luigi Janiri
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of our study was to compare the characteristics and comorbidities of patients with eating disorders between those who suffered from a childhood abuse and those who did not. Our second aim was to analyze the differences in the outcome of the psychodynamic therapy between abused and not abused patients. METHODS: Twenty-six adolescent patients with eating disorders were assessed. Adolescent were evaluated by a single expert psychiatrist by checklists and questionnaires: EDI 3, SCL 90, BIS11, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Global Assessment of Functioning, SCID II, and CTQ-Self control (SF)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301860/it-is-a-painful-somatic-symptom-not-the-history-of-cancer-malignancy-that-is-associated-with-depression-findings-from-multiple-national-surveys
#6
Krystina Johnson, Maria D Politis, Andrew R Hansen, Lindsey E McKenzie, Dustin T Duncan, Jian Zhang
Medical case management has improved in the past few decades, changing the dynamic interaction between depression and prevalent medical diseases. It is relevant to describe the comorbidity between depression and medical diseases to further improve the effectiveness of case management. We analyzed the data of adults aged 20 years and older, who completed depression screening as a part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005 to 2012. Depression was ascertained using the Patient Health Questionnaire, a 9-item screening instrument asking about the frequency of depression symptoms over the past 2 weeks...
April 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301827/insomnia-and-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviors-in-former-and-current-u-s-service-members-does-depression-mediate-the-relations
#7
Nicholas P Allan, Kenneth R Conner, Wilfred R Pigeon, Daniel F Gros, Temilola K Salami, Tracy Stecker
Insomnia is a risk factor for Suicidal Ideation (SI) and Behavior (SB), yet the nature of the relations is unclear, including the potential mediating role of cognitive and affective/somatic symptoms of depression. It was hypothesized that the impact of insomnia on SI would be mediated through depressive symptoms and that insomnia would directly impact SB. Current and former military service members (N =405; M age =31.6 years, SD =7.3; 90.4% male, 76.5% White) who endorsed recent suicidal ideation and/or a history of suicide attempt completed measures of insomnia, depression, SI, and SB at baseline and at month 12 follow-up...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301566/eating-symptomatology-and-general-psychopathology-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-from-china-uk-and-spain-a-cross-cultural-study-examining-the-role-of-social-attitudes
#8
Zaida Agüera, Nicola Brewin, Jue Chen, Roser Granero, Qing Kang, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Jon Arcelus
Cultural studies exploring differences in the manifestation of anorexia nervosa (AN) have primarily focus on Western and non-Western cultures. However, no study so far has considered the role that social attitudes (i.e. Collectivist vs. Individualist cultural values) have in the clinical manifestations of eating disorders, including AN patients. With this in mind, the aim of this study is to compare eating and general psychopathology in a large sample of individuals diagnosed with AN from China, Spain, and United Kingdom (UK), in order to study the differences according to belonging to Western or non-Western country, or the country's Individualist Index (IDV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300484/factors-associated-with-general-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-transition-among-women-from-serbia
#9
Jelena Dotlic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Sanja Radovanovic, Biljana Rancic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Tatjana Gazibara
This study assessed factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among Serbian peri- and postmenopausal women using two menopause-specific scales. This cross-sectional study included 500 women aged 40-65 years who had a gynecologic check-up in one of two Community Health Centers in Belgrade during February 2014 to January 2015. Women completed: a questionnaire about socio-demographics, habits and health status; a menopause-specific questionnaire, Utian's Quality of Life Scale (UQOL); a Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)...
March 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298261/efficacy-and-safety-of-agomelatine-10-or-25-mg-day-in-non-depressed-out-patients-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-12-week-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#10
Dan J Stein, Antti Ahokas, Marek Jarema, Alla S Avedisova, Livia Vavrusova, Oleg Chaban, Céline Gruget, Valérie Olivier, Françoise Picarel-Blanchot, Christian de Bodinat
Agomelatine is efficacious in reducing symptoms and preventing relapse in placebo-controlled trials in generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). Nevertheless, fixed dose studies of agomelatine in GAD have not been undertaken. To determine the minimally effective optimal dose of agomelatine in GAD, the efficacy of two doses of agomelatine (10 and 25mg/day) was investigated in a 12-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, international study in patients with a primary diagnosis of GAD. The primary outcome measure was the Hamilton Anxiety scale (HAM-A)...
March 12, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296938/childhood-adversities-and-distress-the-role-of-resilience-in-a-representative-sample
#11
Manfred E Beutel, Ana N Tibubos, Eva M Klein, Gabriele Schmutzer, Iris Reiner, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent, Elmar Brähler
While adverse childhood experiences have been shown to contribute to adverse health outcomes in adulthood, specifically distress and somatic symptoms, few studies have examined their joint effects with resilient coping style on adult adjustment. Hence, we aim to determine the association between resilient coping and distress in participants with and without reported childhood adversities. A representative German community sample (N = 2508) between 14-92 years (1334 women; 1174 men) was examined by the short form of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Brief Resilience Coping Scale, standardized scales of distress and somatoform symptoms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296349/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-as-preferable-oral-hypoglycemic-agents-in-terms-of-treatment-satisfaction-results-from-a-multicenter-12-week-open-label-randomized-controlled-study-in-japan
#12
Hitoshi Ishii, Yasuaki Hayashino, Yasuhiro Akai, Matahiro Yabuta, Satoru Tsujii
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To compare the treatment satisfaction of four classes of oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs): dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, α-glucosidase inhibitors (αGI), biguanides (BG), and sulfonylureas (SU), which are common initial treatments for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Japan, and to identify the best OHA in terms of treatment satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this 12-week, randomized, controlled, open-label study, Japanese outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were naïve to pharmacological treatment were randomly assigned a DPP-4 inhibitor, a BG, an αGI, or a SU...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295843/anxiety-sensitivity-and-cannabis-use-related-problems-the-impact-of-race
#13
Kimberlye E Dean, Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance among young adults. Anxiety sensitivity (AS; ie, fear of anxiety-related symptoms) is positively related to coping motives for cannabis use (which are robustly positively linked to cannabis-related problems). However, AS is unrelated to cannabis use-related problems. Yet, extant studies have been conducted on primarily White samples. It may be that among Black students, AS-physical concerns (ie, fear of physical anxiety-related sensations) are related to cannabis problems given that Black individuals are more likely than White individuals to report experiencing greater and more intense somatic symptoms when experiencing anxiety...
March 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290749/identification-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-danish-adolescents-with-the-scoff-questionnaire
#14
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders often develop in adolescence and, therefore, instruments are needed that are useful to detect risk behaviour in young people. The SCOFF is a 5-item screening instrument, named SCOFF as an acronym of keywords from the questions. It has been used widely in adult samples, but studies that evaluate the scale in adolescents are missing. AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the SCOFF in adolescents aged 11-20 years and for the first time validate the questionnaire in Danish...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287805/mental-health-survey-of-the-iranian-adult-population-in-2015
#15
Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Koorosh Kamali, Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi, Ahmad Hajebi, Mir Taher Mousavi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Elham Faghihzadeh, Banafshe Nouri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders influence people with a high prevalence and exert remarkable burden on community members. This study was carried out aiming to assess mental health status within the age range category of 15 and above in the Islamic Republic of Iran. METHODS: The statistical population of this cross-sectional survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas in Iranian provinces. An estimated sample size of 36000 people was chosen using systematic random sampling and the cluster method...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287059/subjective-measures-of-health-and-all-cause-mortality-the-rotterdam-study
#16
A Sajjad, R L Freak-Poli, A Hofman, S J Roza, M A Ikram, H Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: Subjectively assessed health is related to mortality. Various subjective indicators of health have been studied, but it is unclear whether perceived physical functioning or mental health best accounts for the relation with mortality. METHOD: We studied the relation of subjective measures of health with all-cause mortality in 5538 participants of age 55 to 96 years at baseline from the Rotterdam Study. Various instruments of subjectively assessed health were used, that included basic activities of daily living (BADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), quality of life (QoL), positive affect, somatic symptoms and negative affect...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286824/the-prevalence-of-personality-disorders-among-emergency-nurses-based-on-mmpi-2-questionnaire-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Parvin Kashani, Sahar Mirbaha, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Farahnaz Meschi, Alireza Baratloo
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of behavioral disorders is substantially higher in stressful working environments such as emergency departments. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses. METHODS: In the present epidemiologic study, the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated based on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) test...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286651/trajectories-of-a-set-of-ten-functional-somatic-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-middle-age
#18
Tapio Nummi, Pekka Virtanen, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Anne Hammarström
BACKGROUND: Functional somatic symptoms (FSS), or symptoms without a clear medical explanation are a considerable challenge for health care systems. There is no general consensus as to which symptoms should be regarded functional. Few longitudinal studies on the development of FSS exist and these have mainly been based on the assumption that the factorial structure of a FSS scores variable remains invariant over time. When the analysis covers longer periods of the life course, this may be challenged...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286196/-coping-skills-are-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptom-severity-and-somatization-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#19
Katarina Wilpart, Hans Törnblom, Jan Svedlund, Jan F Tack, Magnus Simrén, Lukas Van Oudenhove
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Coping resources and processes are altered in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We investigated the relationship between coping resources and gastrointestinal (GI) and extra-intestinal symptom severity in patients with IBS as well as potential mediators of this relationship. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 216 patients with IBS attending a secondary/tertiary care specialized outpatient center in Sweden from 2003 through 2007...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279495/psychotherapy-for-medically-unexplained-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-and-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#20
Behzad Chavooshi, Mehdi Saberi, Seyed Abbas Tavallaie, Hedayat Sahraei
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy (ISTDP) for medically unexplained pain remains open to debate because of a paucity of high-quality studies. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate ISTDP as a treatment for medically unexplained pain in outpatients by comparing it with the established evidence-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 341 adults with medically unexplained pain were randomly assigned to 16 sessions of individual manualized CBT (N = 164) or ISTDP (N = 177)...
January 11, 2017: Psychosomatics
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