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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678770/self-reported-pain-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-results-from-the-national-first-step-face-sz-cohort
#1
Guillaume Fond, Laurent Boyer, Meja Andrianarisoa, Ophelia Godin, Ewa Bulzacka, Fabrice Berna, Lore Brunel, Nathalie Coulon, Bruno Aouizerate, Delphine Capdevielle, Isabelle Chereau, Thierry D'amato, Hélène Denizot, Caroline Dubertret, Julien Dubreucq, Catherine Faget, Sylvain Leignier, Jasmina Mallet, David Misdrahi, Romain Rey, Christophe Lancon, Christine Passerieux, Aurélie Schandrin, Mathieu Urbach, Pierre Vidailhet, Marion Leboyer, Franck Schurhoff, Pierre-Michel Llorca, M Andrianarisoa, B Aouizerate, F Berna, O Blanc, L Brunel, E Bulzacka, D Capdevielle, I Chereau-Boudet, G Chesnoy-Servanin, Danion Jm, T D'Amato, A Deloge, C Delorme, H Denizot, J M Dorey, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, C Fluttaz, G Fond, S Fonteneau, F Gabayet, E Giraud-Baro, R M Honciuc, D Lacelle, C Lançon, H Laouamri, M Leboyer, T Le Gloahec, Y Le Strat, Llorca, J Mallet, E Metairie, D Misdrahi, I Offerlin-Meyer, C Passerieux, P Peri, S Pires, C Portalier, R Rey, C Roman, M Sebilleau, A Schandrin, F Schurhoff, A Tessier, Tronche Am, M Urbach, F Vaillant, A Vehier, P Vidailhet, E Vilà, H Yazbek, A Zinetti-Bertschy
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about perception of physical pain in schizophrenia (SZ). Some studies have suggested that patients with SZ may have an increased pain threshold, while others have suggested that patients with SZ may suffer from undetected and untreated high physical pain levels. The objectives of this study were (i) to investigate the prevalence of self-reported physical pain in stabilized SZ subjects, and (ii) to determine whether physical pain was associated with psychiatric characteristics and somatic comorbidities (iii) to determine whether antidepressants and benzodiazepine administration were associated with lower self-reported pain...
April 17, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#2
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674987/the-complex-interplay-between-depression-anxiety-and-executive-functioning-insights-from-the-ecas-in-a-large-als-population
#3
Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Andrea Faini, Fabiana Madotto, Annalisa Lafronza, Alessia Monti, Stefano Zago, Alberto Doretti, Andrea Ciammola, Nicola Ticozzi, Vincenzo Silani, Barbara Poletti
Introduction: The observed association between depressive symptoms and cognitive performances has not been previously clarified in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (pALS). In fact, the use of cognitive measures often not accommodating for motor disability has led to heterogeneous and not conclusive findings about this issue. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between cognitive and depressive/anxiety symptoms by means of the recently developed Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioral ALS Screen (ECAS), a brief assessment specifically designed for pALS...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674982/delusional-themes-across-affective-and-non-affective-psychoses
#4
Angelo Picardi, Laura Fonzi, Mauro Pallagrosi, Antonella Gigantesco, Massimo Biondi
The current debate about the diagnostic significance of delusion revolves around two positions. The neurocognitive position conceives delusion as a non-specific, though polymorphic, symptom. The psychopathological position views features of delusion such as content and structure as having meaningful connections with diagnostic entities. This study aims at contributing to this debate by examining the association between delusional themes and diagnosis in a sample of 830 adult psychotic patients. All diagnoses were made by experienced psychiatrists according to DSM-IV or ICD-10 criteria, and in 348 patients were established with the SCID-I...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672135/influences-of-mental-illness-current-psychological-state-and-concussion-history-on-baseline-concussion-assessment-performance
#5
Michelle L Weber, John-Henry L Dean, Nicole L Hoffman, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt, April Reed Hoy, Joseph B Hazzard, Louise A Kelly, Justus D Ortega, Nicholas Port, Margot Putukian, T Dianne Langford, Ryan Tierney, Darren E Campbell, Gerald McGinty, Patrick O'Donnell, Steven J Svoboda, John P DiFiori, Christopher C Giza, Holly J Benjamin, Thomas Buckley, Thomas W Kaminski, James R Clugston, Luis A Feigenbaum, James T Eckner, Kevin Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik, Jessica Dysart Miles, Scott Anderson, Christina L Master, Micky Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Jeffrey J Bazarian, Sara P D Chrisman, Allison Brooks, Stefan Duma, Christopher Todd Bullers, Christopher M Miles, Brian H Dykhuizen
BACKGROUND: A student-athlete's mental state, including history of trait anxiety and depression, or current psychological state may affect baseline concussion assessment performance. PURPOSE: (1) To determine if mental illness (anxiety, depression, anxiety with depression) influences baseline scores, (2) to determine if psychological state correlates with baseline performance, and (3) to determine if history of concussion affects Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) subscores of state anxiety, depression, and somatization...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672106/mmpi-2-rf-characteristics-of-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-military-sexual-trauma
#6
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669407/psychiatric-sequelae-of-former-comfort-women-survivors-of-the-japanese-military-sexual-slavery-during-world-war-ii
#7
REVIEW
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667212/breathlessness-amplifies-amygdala-responses-during-affective-processing
#8
M Cornelia Stoeckel, Roland W Esser, Matthias Gamer, Andreas von Leupoldt
Breathlessness is an aversive symptom in many prevalent somatic and psychiatric diseases and is usually experienced as highly threatening. It is strongly associated with negative affect, but the underlying neural processes remain poorly understood. Therefore, using fMRI, the present study examined the effects of breathlessness on the neural processing of affective visual stimuli within candidate brain areas including the amygdala, insula, and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). During scanning, 42 healthy volunteers, mean (SD) age: 29...
April 17, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664219/unusual-association-of-a-unique-cag-interruption-in-5-of-dm1-ctg-repeats-with-intergenerational-contractions-and-low-somatic-mosaicism
#9
Tome Stéphanie, Dandelot Elodie, Dogan Céline, Bertrand Alexis, Genevieve David, Pereon Yann, Simon Marie, Bonnefont Jean-Paul, Bassez Guillaume, Gourdon Geneviève
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a dominant multisystemic disorder associated with high variability of symptoms and anticipation. DM1 is caused by an unstable CTG repeat expansion that usually increases in successive generations and tissues. DM1 family pedigrees have shown that ∼90% and 10% of transmissions result in expansions and contractions of the CTG repeat, respectively. To date, the mechanisms of CTG repeat contraction remain poorly documented in DM1. In this report, we identified two new DM1 families with apparent contractions and no worsening of DM1 symptoms in two and three successive maternal transmissions...
April 17, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662434/review-of-the-neural-oscillations-underlying-meditation
#10
REVIEW
Darrin J Lee, Edwin Kulubya, Philippe Goldin, Amir Goodarzi, Fady Girgis
Objective: Meditation is one type of mental training that has been shown to produce many cognitive benefits. Meditation practice is associated with improvement in concentration and reduction of stress, depression, and anxiety symptoms. Furthermore, different forms of meditation training are now being used as interventions for a variety of psychological and somatic illnesses. These benefits are thought to occur as a result of neurophysiologic changes. The most commonly studied specific meditation practices are focused attention (FA), open-monitoring (OM), as well as transcendental meditation (TM), and loving-kindness (LK) meditation...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658285/-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-raynaud-s-disease
#11
Balázs Fábián, Zoltán Csiki, Antal Bugán
INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's disease is characterized by episodic vasospastic attacks and digital ischemia usually followed by pain, numbness and cold. Despite the severity of the symptoms, the investigation of the quality of life in this disease received less attention yet. AIM: The aim of the study was to examine how the disease affects the patients' quality of life. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were made with 28 patients diagnosed with Raynaud's disease...
April 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656250/exposure-to-environmental-level-phenanthrene-induces-a-nash-like-phenotype-in-new-born-rat
#12
Jiaojiao Guo, Chonggang Wang, Zhizhun Guo, Zhenghong Zuo
More and more evidence indicates that persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Phenanthrene (Phe) is a kind of POP which existed extensively in the environment, but whose toxicity on mammals has so far received less focus. Subcutaneously injection of Phe (0.5, 5, 50 μg/kg) for 21 days induced significant NAFLD/NASH symptoms in new born rats. Exposure to environmental levels of Phe decreased body weight and liver-somatic index; impaired histology of liver; influenced the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) signaling and lipid metabolism in liver; stimulated oxidative stress in the rats' liver; induced the variation of NFκB pathway and liver inflammatory response; and caused liver fibrosis via transforming growth factor β1 (tgfβ1)...
April 12, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653459/-cultural-influence-on-attitude-towards-psychotherapy-a-comparison-of-individuals-of-turkish-origin-with-individuals-without-migration-background
#13
Joachim Bretz, Dilek Sahin, Eva Janina Brandl, Meryam Schouler-Ocak
AIM: The present study compares the attitude towards psychotherapy of persons living in Germany with or without Turkish background. In this context, gender-related, disorder-specific and sociodemographic differences in openness towards psychotherapy are taken into account. METHODS: Individuals of Turkish origin (n=129) and individuals without migration background (n=129) were interviewed with the Questionnaire on Attitudes towards Psychotherapeutic Treatment, the Social Support Questionnaire, a short version of the Symptom-Checklist with the subscales anxiety, depression and somatization, and a sociodemographic questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653416/the-structure-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-in-pregnant-women-in-spain
#14
Rosa Marcos-Nájera, Huynh-Nhu Le, María F Rodríguez-Muñoz, María Eugenia Olivares Crespo, Nuria Izquierdo Mendez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate psychometric properties and the factor structure of the Spanish version of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) in pregnant women received care in an urban public hospital in Spain. RESEARCH DESIGN/SETTING: In a cross-sectional study, the reliability and factor structure were examined. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the latent structure of the PHQ-9 with a pregnant Spanish-speaking sample (n = 445) recruited during the first trimester in an obstetrics clinic in Madrid...
March 27, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651832/psychological-wellbeing-in-parents-of-children-with-phenylketonuria-and-association-with-treatment-adherence
#15
Lidia Borghi, Elisabetta Salvatici, Giuseppe Banderali, Enrica Riva, Marcello Giovannini, Elena Vegni
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare metabolic disorder that leads to severe neurological abnormalities unless early treated with a strict phenylalanine (Phe)-restricted diet. The parents' involvement in PKU management is crucial and could lead to psychological distress; however, few studies have explored the parents' psychological wellbeing. The study aimed to: 1) evaluate the presence of psychological distress and impaired quality of life among parents of children with PKU, assessing the load of the diagnosis and the load of the treatment management; 2) explore the associations with their children's blood-Phe levels...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651821/exploratory-factor-analysis-of-the-beck-anxiety-inventory-and-the-beck-depression-inventory-ii-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-population
#16
Kounseok Lee, Daeho Kim, Yongrae Cho
BACKGROUND: To further understand the relationship between anxiety and depression, this study examined the factor structure of the combined items from two validated measures for anxiety and depression. METHODS: The participants were 406 patients with mixed psychiatric diagnoses including anxiety and depressive disorders from a psychiatric outpatient unit at a university-affiliated medical center. Responses of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II, and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) were analyzed...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651018/affective-and-cognitive-rather-than-somatic-symptoms-of-depression-predict-3-year-mortality-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis
#17
Hui-Teng Cheng, Miao-Chun Ho, Kuan-Yu Hung
Depression is more common in many medical conditions than among the general population and is associated with an increased risk of mortality. We aimed to determine whether somatic symptoms of depression were more predictive of mortality than affective and cognitive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. We conducted a prospective cohort study in which the survival outcomes of 151 subjects were followed for more than 3 years. Depression was assessed with the Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire (TDQ). Subjects with TDQ scores 19-54 (correlated with clinically significant depressive symptoms) and those with scores 15-18 had higher 3-year mortality rates than the two groups with lower scores (40...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648860/motivation-and-readiness-for-tobacco-cessation-among-nicotine-dependent-postmenopausal-females-a-pilot-study
#18
MacKenzie R Peltier, Melanie R Roys, Aaron F Waters, Christine Vinci, Krystal M Waldo, Shelby A Stewart, Robert C Toups, Louis Jones, Amy L Copeland
Despite considerable health risks due to lower levels of estrogen production and the compounding antiestrogenic effects of nicotine, postmenopausal females continue to smoke. These females face significant barriers to cessation, including negative affect, weight concerns, and menopausal symptom severity. The current pilot study explored the effect of negative affect, weight concerns, and menopausal symptom severity on motivation and readiness to quit smoking. Eighteen postmenopausal smokers were randomized to receive brief motivational interviewing (B-MI; n = 8) or control treatment (i...
April 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626833/enablers-to-seeking-professional-help-for-psychological-distress-a-study-on-chinese-primary-care-attenders
#19
Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Tak Lam Lo, David Vai Kiong Chao, Edmund Wing Wo Lam
This study investigated enablers to seeking professional help for psychological distress among Chinese primary care attenders in Hong Kong. Nine focus groups and six individual interviews were conducted among adult patients with/without known distress, significant others of the distressed, and the general public. The identified potential enablers were further investigated in a questionnaire survey with data from 1626 patients. Survey respondents who had sought professional help for distress (n = 231) and those without this experience (n = 1395) showed similar attitudes to the enabler items...
March 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623775/culturally-sensitive-assessment-of-anxious-depressive-distress-in-vietnam-avoiding-category-truncation
#20
Devon E Hinton, Amie Alley Pollack, Bahr Weiss, Lam T Trung
The present study investigated what complaints are prominent in psychologically distressed Vietnamese in Vietnam beyond standard symptoms assessed by Western diagnostic instruments for anxiety and depression. To form the initial Vietnamese Symptom and Cultural Syndrome Addendum (VN SSA), we reviewed the literature, consulted experts, and conducted focus groups. The preliminary VN SSA was then used in a general survey (N = 1004) of five provinces in Vietnam. We found that the VN SSA items were highly and significantly correlated with a measure of anxious-depressive psychopathology (a composite measure of the General Anxiety Disorder-7; Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale; and Patient Health Questionnaire-9)...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
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