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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054032/constipation-and-other-common-symptoms-reported-by-women-and-men-in-methadone-and-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment
#1
Paul S Haber, Mahmoud Elsayed, David Espinoza, Nicholas Lintzeris, Anne-Sophie Veillard, Richard Hallinan
BACKGROUND: Opioid substitution treatment (OST) is often continued long-term and, therefore, opioid-associated symptoms are of interest. Symptoms associated with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in men are well described, but there are fewer reports concerning symptoms associated with buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) and very few reports among women. METHOD: Recipients of BMT (n=113) and MMT (n=184), non-opioid users (n=105) and opioid users not receiving OST (n=87) completed the Patient Assessment of Constipation (PAC-SYM) and a general symptom checklist...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052846/improvements-of-adolescent-psychopathology-after-insomnia-treatment-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-over-1%C3%A2-year
#2
Eduard J de Bruin, Susan M Bögels, Frans J Oort, Anne Marie Meijer
BACKGROUND: Adolescent insomnia can be treated effectively with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI). However, little is known about effects of CBTI on psychopathology in adolescents. This study aimed to investigate whether (a) CBTI improves psychopathology in Internet- (IT) and face-to-face group treatment (GT) compared to waitlist (WL), (b) improvement in psychopathology can be attributed to reduced insomnia, (c) improvement in psychopathology remains stable for up to 1 year...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052228/symptoms-of-depression-in-swedish-fathers-in-the-postnatal-period-and-development-of-a-screening-tool
#3
Elia Psouni, Johan Agebjörn, Hanne Linder
Methods for detecting depression in fathers after the birth of their child are scarce. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), used to screen mothers for postpartum depression (PPD), lacks somatization and externalizing items. This potentially decreases its sensitivity in detecting depression in fathers, as many men actually express depression with somatization or externalizing symptoms. The present study assessed depressive symptoms in fathers of children 0-18 months old, and evaluated whether addressing both typical depression and externalizing, so-called "depressive equivalent" symptoms, might be more suitable for such assessment...
October 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051086/depression-subtyping-based-on-evolutionary-psychiatry-proximate-mechanisms-and-ultimate-functions
#4
REVIEW
Markus J Rantala, Severi Luoto, Indrikis Krams, Hasse Karlsson
Major depressive disorder constitutes one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. However, it is not a unitary disease-it is a heterogeneous syndrome, with patients differing remarkably in symptom profile, pathophysiology and treatment responsiveness. Previous attempts to subtype major depressive disorder have showed limited clinical applicability. We present a classification of major depressive disorder episodes based on the proximate mechanisms that led to the original mood change that caused the depressive episode...
October 16, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050993/psychological-causes-of-autobiographical-amnesia-a-study-of-28-cases
#5
Angelica Staniloiu, Hans J Markowitsch, Andreas Kordon
Autobiographical amnesia is found in patients with focal or diffuse brain damage ("organic amnesia"), but also without overt brain damage (at least when measured with conventional brain imaging methods). This last condition is usually named dissociative amnesia at present, and was originally described as hysteria. Classically and traditionally, dissociative amnesia is seen as a disorder that causes retrograde amnesia in the autobiographical domain in the aftermath of incidents of major psychological stress or trauma...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050395/lost-in-space-do-somatic-symptoms-affect-the-perception-of-extra-somatic-stimuli
#6
Valéry Legrain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045430/the-association-between-herpes-virus-infections-and-functional-somatic-symptoms-in-a-general-population-of-adolescents-the-trails-study
#7
Iris Jonker, Robert Schoevers, Hans Klein, Judith Rosmalen
BACKGROUND: FSS have been suggested to follow activation of the immune system, triggered by herpes virus infections. The aim of this study was to find out whether herpes virus infections were associated with the experience of FSS in adolescents, and whether this association was mediated by hsCRP, as a general marker of immune activation. METHODS: This study was performed in TRAILS, a large prospective population cohort of 2230 adolescents (mean age: 16.1 years, SD = ...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044807/impaired-emotion-processing-and-a-reduction-in-trust-in-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder
#8
Maja Erkic, Josef Bailer, Sabrina C Fenske, Stephanie N L Schmidt, Jörg Trojan, Annette Schröder, Peter Kirsch, Daniela Mier
There is accumulating evidence for deficits in the perception and regulation of one's own emotions, as well as the recognition of others' emotions in somatic symptom disorder (SSD). However, investigations of SSD focusing on specific aspects of emotion processing and how these might interact are missing. We included 35 patients with SSD and 35 healthy controls who completed questionnaires on the perception and regulation of their own emotions, as well as experimental investigations of emotion recognition and trust...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043205/an-extremely-rare-case-of-concurrent-braf-v600e-mutation-driven-hairy-cell-leukemia-and-melanoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Amir Ghorbani-Aghbolaghi, Mirna Lechpammer, Saba F Ali, Nam K Ku, Denis M Dwyre, Hooman H Rashidi
BRAF protein is a serine/threonine kinase with 766 amino acids. Approximately 15% of human cancers harbor BRAF mutations as well as other BRAF anomalies (amplifications, fusions). Somatic mutations mainly occur in the catalytic kinase domain (CR3), and the predominant mutation is p.V600E which is the substitution of glutamic acid (E) for valine (V) as result of a mutation at codon 600 of the kinase domain. To our knowledge, the vast majority of the cancers have non-germline BRAF mutations. Here we describe a case of a 60-year-old female with a history of hairy cell leukemia (HCL) who presented with aphasia and forgetfulness...
July 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041954/combined-cognitive-and-vocational-interventions-after-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032789/symptom-dimensions-of-depression-and-apathy-and-their-relationship-with-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Sarah M Szymkowicz, Vonetta M Dotson, Jacob D Jones, Michael S Okun, Dawn Bowers
OBJECTIVES: Both depression and apathy, alone and in combination, have been shown to negatively affect cognition in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the influence of specific symptom dimensions of depression and apathy on cognition is not well understood. The current study investigated the relationship between symptom dimensions of depression and apathy, based on factors identified in Kirsch-Darrow et al. (2011), and memory and executive function in PD. METHODS: A sample of 138 non-demented individuals with PD (mean age=64...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031492/comprehensive-vs-assisted-management-of-mood-and-pain-symptoms-cammps-trial-study-design-and-sample-characteristics
#12
Kurt Kroenke, Erica Evans, Sharon Weitlauf, Stephanie McCalley, Brian Porter, Tabeel Williams, Fitsum Baye, Spencer G Lourens, Marianne S Matthias, Matthew J Bair
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most common presenting somatic symptom in medical outpatients, and depression and anxiety are the two most common mental disorders. They frequently co-occur, are under-treated, and result in substantial disability and reduced health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The Comprehensive vs. Assisted Management of Mood and Pain Symptoms (CAMMPS) study is a randomized comparative effectiveness trial designed to test the relative effectiveness of a lower-resource vs...
October 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029677/exposure-based-therapy-for-symptom-preoccupation-in-atrial-fibrillation-an-uncontrolled-pilot-study
#13
Josefin Särnholm, Helga Skúladóttir, Christian Rück, Susanne S Pedersen, Frieder Braunschweig, Brjánn Ljótsson
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Patients often experience a range of symptoms resulting in a markedly reduced quality of life, and commonly show symptom preoccupation in terms of avoidance and control behaviors. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to improve symptom burden and quality of life in other somatic disorders, but has never been evaluated in patients with AF. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential efficacy and feasibility of an AF-specific CBT protocol in an uncontrolled pilot study...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027086/the-association-between-somatic-and-psychological-discomfort-and-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-elderly-and-non-elderly
#14
Hyeon-Sook Lee, Siwoo Lee, Sohee Park, Younghwa Baek, Ji-Hye Youn, Dan Bee Cho, Jung-Hyun Jin, Aesun Shin, Sue K Park, Keon Wook Kang, Young-Khi Lim, Chul Hwan Kang, Keun-Young Yoo, Kwang-Pil Ko
PURPOSE: Symptoms and discomfort are common complaints in primary care settings. It has been postulated that the physical symptoms are informative index in estimating Health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Thus, we conducted a community-based cross-sectional study to assess the relationship between somatic and psychological discomfort and HRQOL in elderly and non-elderly people. METHODS: A total of 2467 participants were recruited in 2013 from a population of 17,066 rural residents aged 20 or older...
October 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025401/headache-symptoms-from-migraine-patients-with-and-without-aura-through-structure-validated-self-reports
#15
Jiawei Wang, Bingren Zhang, Chanchan Shen, Jinhua Zhang, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Headache symptoms self-reported by migraine patients are largely congruent with the clinician-used diagnostic criteria, but not always so. Patients' self-reports of headache symptoms might offer additional clues to characterize migraine with (MA) and without (MO) aura more precisely. METHODS: Firstly, we invited 324 participants with a life-long headache attack to answer an item-matrix measuring symptoms of primary headaches, then we performed both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses to their answers and refined a headache symptom questionnaire...
October 12, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022751/prospective-psychometric-characterization-of-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-patients
#16
Silas Hinsch Gylvin, Anders Fink-Jensen, Henrik Kehlet, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen, Mogens Berg Laursen, Kirill Gromov, Henrik Morville Schroder, Susanne Jung Høvsgaard, Heidi Raahauge Wede, Phillip Raphael Kyle, Per Bech
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric conditions and psychopharmacological treatments have been demonstrated to be important risk-factors for prolonged hospital length of stay, readmission and morbidity, following fast-track total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). AIMS: The aim of the study was to provide a detailed description of the preoperative psychiatric characteristics of a well-defined patient population undergoing THA and TKA, using the 90-item Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R)...
October 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019474/are-pain-related-temporomandibular-disorders-the-product-of-an-interaction-between-psychological-factors-and-self-reported-bruxism
#17
Maurits Ka van Selms, Konstantin Muzalev, Corine M Visscher, Michail Koutris, Melike Bulut, Frank Lobbezoo
AIMS: To investigate whether pain-related temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the product of an interaction between psychological factors and self-reported bruxism activities. METHODS: Patients referred to a specialized clinic for complaints of orofacial pain and dysfunction completed a digital questionnaire prior to the first clinical visit. The patient sample was then split into a case group consisting of 268 patients diagnosed with TMD pain according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (85...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019415/pain-characteristics-of-older-persons-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-older-persons-with-medically-explained-symptoms-and-older-persons-with-depression
#18
Denise J C Hanssen, Peter L B J Lucassen, Paul Naarding, Margot W M de Waal, Richard C Oude Voshaar
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the current study is to compare chronic pain characteristics of older patients with Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), to those of patients with Medically Explained Symptoms (MES), and to those of patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). METHOD: By combining data from the OPUS and NESDO study, we compared pain characteristics of 102 older (>60 years) MUS-patients to 145 older MES-patients and 275 older MDD-patients in a case-control study design...
October 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018561/disturbed-eeg-sleep-paranoid-cognition-and-somatic-symptoms-identify-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Harvey Moldofsky, Lorne Rothman, Robert Kleinman, Shawn G Rhind, J Donald Richardson
BACKGROUND: Chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) behavioural symptoms and medically unexplainable somatic symptoms are reported to occur following the stressful experience of military combatants in war zones. AIMS: To determine the contribution of disordered EEG sleep physiology in those military combatants who have unexplainable physical symptoms and PTSD behavioural difficulties following war-zone exposure. METHOD: This case-controlled study compared 59 veterans with chronic sleep disturbance with 39 veterans with DSM-IV and clinician-administered PTSD Scale diagnosed PTSD who were unresponsive to pharmacological and psychological treatments...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018389/measuring-depression-in-a-non-western-war-affected-displaced-population-measurement-equivalence-of-the-beck-depression-inventory
#20
Nuwan Jayawickreme, Jay Verkuilen, Eranda Jayawickreme, Kaylaliz Acosta, Edna B Foa
Depression is commonly seen in survivors of conflict and disaster across the world. There is a dearth of research on the validity of commonly used measures of depression in these populations. Measurements of depression that are used in multiple contexts need to meet measurement equivalence, i.e., the instrument measures the same construct in the same manner across different groups. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was administered to female trauma survivors in the United States (n = 268) and female survivors of war in Sri Lanka (n = 149)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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