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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526512/privacy-trainee-rights-and-accountability-in-radiology-education
#1
REVIEW
Cory M Pfeifer
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Academic radiologists commonly hold multiple simultaneous roles within the landscape of physician training. This paper analyzes theoretical scenarios describing relationships between medical students, residents, and physician educators in radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scenarios presented involve medical student supervision, radiology resident recruitment, and resident termination with respect to relevant ethical, regulatory, and legal considerations...
March 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526020/salmonella-serotypes-and-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#2
Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash, Tadesse Eguale
BACKGROUND: The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella from feces of apparently healthy dogs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. RESULTS: Of the total 360 dogs examined, 42 (11.7%; 95% Confidence limit of 8...
May 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525368/indirubin-improves-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-functions-in-lipopolysaccharide-challenged-mice
#3
Tianjie Qi, Haitao Li, Shuai Li
Indirubin, a traditional Chinese medicine formulation from the Muricidae family, has been reported to exhibit abroad anti-cancer and anti-inflammation activities and mediate nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signal. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the protective effects of indirubin on LPS-induced acute lung injury and the potential mechanism in mice. The results showed that LPS treatment caused oxidative stress and inflammation in mice. Indirubin alleviated LPS-caused oxidative stress and inflammation via reducing MDA abundance and IL-1β and TNF-α expressions in mice...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521577/developing-family-medicine-in-ethiopia
#4
Naheed A Lakhani, Oguchi Nwosu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521336/chemical-ecology-of-antibiotic-production-by-actinomycetes
#5
Anne van der Meij, Sarah F Worsley, Matthew I Hutchings, Gilles P van Wezel
Actinomycetes are a diverse family of filamentous bacteria that produce a plethora of natural products relevant for agriculture, biotechnology and medicine, including the majority of the antibiotics we use in the clinic. Rather than as free-living bacteria, many actinomycetes have evolved to live in symbiosis with among others plants, fungi, insects and sponges. As a common theme, these organisms profit from the natural products and enzymes produced by the actinomycetes, for example, for protection against pathogenic microbes, for growth promotion or for the degradation of complex natural polymers such as lignocellulose...
May 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517990/risk-and-benefit-in-personalised-medicine-an-end-user-view
#6
Alastair Kent
Personalised, or stratified, medicine is creating opportunities for the development of targeted therapies for many hitherto unmet clinical needs. For patients and families this is a cause for optimism. But it is unlikely that these novel therapies will provide complete cures. Rather they will address some but not all symptoms of a condition. In such circumstances, early engagement with patients and families will ensure that developments are targeted at those aspects of a condition which really matter, not just those that are easy to count...
April 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516798/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-uninsured-children-in-texas
#7
Sanghamitra M Misra, Danielle Guffey, Isabel Roth, Angelo P Giardino
Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among US children is 12% according to the 2012 National Health Interview Study. Certain pediatric populations have higher CAM use. We studied an uninsured population because limited access to care likely results in higher CAM use. We surveyed 250 uninsured patients in a free pediatric mobile clinic program. In the largely Hispanic population, rate of CAM use in the preceding 12 months was 45% among children and 59% among parents. Ninety-one percent of children who used CAM had parents who used CAM while only 32% of parents used CAM for themselves but did not use CAM for their children ( P < ...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516087/dna-sequence-analysis-in-clinical-medicine-proceeding-cautiously
#8
REVIEW
Moyra Smith
Delineation of underlying genomic and genetic factors in a specific disease may be valuable in establishing a definitive diagnosis and may guide patient management and counseling. In addition, genetic information may be useful in identification of at risk family members. Gene mapping and initial genome sequencing data enabled the development of microarrays to analyze genomic variants. The goal of this review is to consider different generations of sequencing techniques and their application to exome sequencing and whole genome sequencing and their clinical applications...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514873/unpacking-community-mobility-a-preliminary-study-into-the-embodied-experiences-of-stroke-survivors
#9
Christa S Nanninga, Louise Meijering, Klaas Postema, Marleen C Schönherr, Ant T Lettinga
PURPOSE: To enrich the discussion on mobility in stroke rehabilitation by translating theoretical repertoires of mobility from the context of geography to rehabilitation. METHOD: Qualitative research methodology was applied, and included in-depth interviews with stroke survivors. RESULTS: This study revealed: (a) social and material differences in clinical, private and public places; (b) ambivalences and shifting tensions in bodily, family and community life; (c) differences in access to resources to be used for mobility...
May 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514600/evaluating-five-different-loci-rbcl-rpob-rpoc1-matk-and-its-for-dna-barcoding-of-indian-orchids
#10
Iffat Parveen, Hemant Kumar Singh, Saloni Malik, Saurabh Raghuvanshi, Shashi Bhushan Babbar
Orchidaceae, one of the largest families of angiosperms, is represented in India by 1600 species distributed in diverse habitats. Orchids are in high demand due to their beautiful flowers and therapeutic properties. Overexploitation and habitat destruction have made many orchid species endangered. In the absence of effective identification methods, illicit trade of orchids continues unabated. Considering DNA barcoding as a potential identification tool, species discrimination capability of five loci, ITS matK, rbcL, rpoB and rpoC1, was tested in 393 accessions of 94 Indian orchid species belonging to 47 genera, including one listed in Appendix I of CITES and 26 medicinal species...
May 17, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513519/attitude-and-knowledge-of-family-medicine-practitioners-towards-the-association-between-periodontal-disease-and-obesity
#11
Z Akram, T Abduljabbar, A Hanif, A Khan, F Vohra
OBJECTIVES: To assess the attitude and knowledge of family medicine practitioners (FMPs) towards the association between periodontal disease and obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed and a 13-item survey questionnaire was given to FMPs practicing in 12 different teaching hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. The questions were aimed at exploring the knowledge of FMP's regarding the association of obesity and periodontal disease and their attitude towards the association of obesity and periodontal disease...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512988/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-phyllanthus-niruri-l-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Navneet Kaur, Baljinder Kaur, Geetika Sirhindi
Phyllanthus niruri, a typical member of family Euphorbiaceae, is a small annual herb found throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres. The genus Phyllanthus has been used in traditional medicine for its wide range of pharmacological activities like antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer, antiinflammatory, antiplasmodial, antiviral, diuretic and hepatoprotective. This review summarizes the information about morphological, biochemical, ethanobotanical, pharmacological, biological and toxicological activities with special emphasis on mechanism of anticancer activity of P...
May 17, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512604/traditional-dentistry-knowledge-among-serbs-in-several-balkan-countries
#13
Dragan V Ilic, Biljana Andjelski Radicevic, Anely Nedelcheva, Ivana Djurovic, Dejan Ostojic
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are still unrevealed treasures of traditional dental medicine, that is, the reason to investigate and present various ways in treatment of oral and orofacial tissues, as well as magic and religious elements involved in representative areas among Serbs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information was collected from the elderly non-professional folk dentists and herbalists with the additional help of local physicians and dentists that was done through questionnaire and personal interviews...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512602/bio-efficacy-of-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-management-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-gabon-an-ethnopharmacological-approach
#14
Olga Pauline Tjeck, Alain Souza, Patrick Mickala, Alexis Nicaise Lepengue, Bertrand M'Batchi
BACKGROUND/AIM: People suffering of diabetes increased significantly worldwide. Population, in Sub-Saharan Africa and mainly in Gabon, rely on medicinal plants to manage diabetes, as well in rural as in urban areas. This study aimed to survey a wide range of Gabonese plants for their antidiabetic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study focused on the identification of medicinal plants used in the local treatment of diabetes mellitus. Ethnobotanical investigations were carried out in rural and urban areas of three provinces of Gabon using a semi-structured interview...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#15
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509853/predictors-of-caregiver-burden-among-mothers-of-children-with-chronic-conditions
#16
Karina Javalkar, Eniko Rak, Alexandra Phillips, Cara Haberman, Maria Ferris, Miranda Van Tilburg
OBJECTIVE: The complex medical regimens of children and adolescents with chronic conditions can have a significant impact on families and households. Caregivers may experience burden, which can lead to negative health consequences and poor quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine child-related predictors and risk factors for caregiver burden among parents of children with chronic conditions. METHODS: We distributed an institutional review board (IRB)-approved, online cross-sectional survey to parents of children who attended the Victory Junction therapeutic camp...
May 16, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509362/developing-polyamine-based-peptide-amphiphiles-with-tunable-morphology-and-physicochemical-properties
#17
Mehdi Bin Samad, Yashpal Singh Chhonker, Jacob I Contreras, Alec McCarthy, Megan M McClanahan, Daryl J Murry, Martin Conda-Sheridan
The ability to tune supramolecular properties such as size, morphology, or metabolic stability is of paramount importance in the field of supramolecular chemistry. Peptide amphiphiles (PAs) are a family of functional self-assembling biomaterials that have garnered widespread attention due to their broad applicability in medicine. PAs are generally comprised of an amino acid sequence connected to lipid tail(s) allowing them to self-assemble into supramolecular structures with diverse morphologies. Herein, this study describes the synthesis of a new class of polyamine-based "hybrid" PAs (PPAs) as novel self-assembling systems...
May 16, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508565/menaquinone-4-enhances-osteogenic-potential-of-human-amniotic-fluid-mesenchymal-stem-cells-cultured-in-a-2d-and-3d-dynamic-culture-system
#18
Domitilla Mandatori, Letizia Penolazzi, Caterina Pipino, Pamela Di Tomo, Sara Di Silvestre, Natalia Di Pietro, Sara Trevisani, Marco Angelozzi, Mariangela Ucci, Roberta Piva, Assunta Pandolfi
Menaquinones, also known as Vitamin K2 family, regulate calcium homeostasis in a "bone-vascular cross talk" and recently received particular attention for their positive effect on bone formation. Since the correlation between menaquinones and bone metabolism to date is still unclear, the objective of our study was to investigate the possible role of menaquinone-4 (MK-4), an isoform of the menaquinones family, in the modulation of osteogenesis. For this reason we used a model of human Amniotic Fluid Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hAFMSCs) cultured both in two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D, RCCS™bioreactor) in vitro culture systems...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507733/assessment-of-postgraduate-skin-lesion-education-among-iowa-family-physicians
#19
Nicholas J Goetsch, James D Hoehns, John E Sutherland, Matthew E Ulven, Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Monica K Rauch
BACKGROUND: Family medicine physicians play a pivotal role in the prevention and early detection of skin cancer. Our objective was to evaluate how family physicians believe their postgraduate training in skin cancer screening and prevention has prepared them for independent practice and to assess the need for enhanced skin lesion teaching in a family medicine residency setting. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey investigating provider demographics, confidence in providing dermatological care, residency training, current medical practice, and skin cancer prevention beliefs was mailed to all family medicine physicians in the state of Iowa as listed in the Iowa Academy of Family Physicians annual directory in 2006 (N = 1069)...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507351/practice-of-breastfeeding-and-immunisation-in-a-periurban-community-in-pakistan
#20
Haider Ghazanfar, Sualeha Saleem, Sajida Naseem, Ali Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the practice of breastfeeding and immunisation in a peri-urban community and correlate it with maternal care during pregnancy of the index child. METHODS: This community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted at Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University and Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan, from June 2014 to January 2016, using a self-generated questionnaire. Systemic random sampling method was used to collect data. SPSS 21 was used to analyse the data and to find associations between maternal care and practices of breastfeeding...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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