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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920575/an-individually-tailored-behavioral-medicine-treatment-in-physical-therapy-for-tension-type-headache-two-experimental-case-studies
#1
Anne Söderlund, Helena Lagerlöf
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the effect of an individually tailored behavioral medicine treatment in physical therapy, based on a functional behavioral analysis (FBA), for tension-type headache (TTH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two case studies with A1-A2-B-A3 design of two patients with TTH was conducted. Outcome variables were headache frequency, headache index (mean intensity), consumption of analgesics, self-efficacy in headache management (Headache Management Self-efficacy Scale [HMSE]), disability, and perceived loss of happiness for activities with family and friends...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919245/one-day-workshop-based-training-improves-physical-activity-prescription-knowledge-in-latin-american-physicians-a-pre-test-post-test-study
#2
Maria C Arciniegas Calle, Felipe Lobelo, Mario A Jiménez, Diana C Páez, Sebastian Cortés, Andrés de Lima, John Duperly
BACKGROUND: The physical inactivity pandemic and related non-communicable diseases have made it imperative for medical doctors (MDs) to effectively provide lifestyle counseling as part of prevention and treatment plans for patients. A one-day certification workshop was designed to improve MDs PA prescription knowledge, as part of the Exercise is Medicine® (EIM®) global health initiative. The objective was to determine knowledge gain of MDs participating in a standardized, one-day PA prescription workshop performed throughout Latin America (LA)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917851/missing-risks-in-opportunistic-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-crodiabgp-study
#3
Marija Vrca Botica, Linda Carcaxhiu, Josipa Kern, Thomas Kuehlein, Iva Botica, Larisa Gavran, Ines Zelić, Darko Iliev, Dijana Haralović, Anđelko Vrca
Aim To examine two methods of extracting risks for undetected type 2 diabetes (T2D): derived from electronic medical record(EMR) and family medicine (FM) assessment during pre-consultation phase. All risks were structured in three lists of patients' data using Wonca International Classification Committee(WICC). Missing data were detected in each list. Methods A prospective study included a group of 1883 patients(aged 45-70) identified with risks. Risks were assessed based on EMR for continuity variables and FM's assessment for episodes of disease and personal related information...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916830/influence-of-fragrances-on-human-psychophysiological-activity-with-special-reference-to-human-electroencephalographic-response
#4
REVIEW
Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan, Songmun Kim
The influence of fragrances such as perfumes and room fresheners on the psychophysiological activities of humans has been known for a long time, and its significance is gradually increasing in the medicinal and cosmetic industries. A fragrance consists of volatile chemicals with a molecular weight of less than 300 Da that humans perceive through the olfactory system. In humans, about 300 active olfactory receptor genes are devoted to detecting thousands of different fragrance molecules through a large family of olfactory receptors of a diverse protein sequence...
November 29, 2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914817/what-really-happens-in-the-home-the-medication-environment-of-urban-minority-youth
#5
Andrea A Pappalardo, Kelly Karavolos, Molly A Martin
BACKGROUND: Asthma disproportionately affects minority youth. Understanding the home medication environment and its relation to medication adherence can shape interventions to improve health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the asthma medication environment in the homes of urban minority youth and to determine predictors of medication use and technique in this population. METHODS: Baseline data from 2 cohorts of minority youth with asthma in Chicago were combined for cross-sectional analysis...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#6
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913246/measuring-content-overlap-during-handoff-communication-using-distributional-semantics-an-exploratory-study
#7
Joanna Abraham, Thomas Kannampallil, Vignesh Srinivasan, William Galanter, Gail Tagney, Trevor Cohen
OBJECTIVE: We develop and evaluate a methodological approach to measure the degree and nature of overlap in handoff communication content within and across clinical professions. This extensible, exploratory approach relies on combining techniques from conversational analysis and distributional semantics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We audio-recorded handoff communication of residents and nurses on the General Medicine floor of a large academic hospital (n=120 resident and n=120 nurse handoffs)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912751/anti-aging-and-tyrosinase-inhibition-effects-of-cassia-fistula-flower-butanolic-extract
#8
Pornngarm Limtrakul, Supachai Yodkeeree, Pilaiporn Thippraphan, Wanisa Punfa, Jatupol Srisomboon
BACKGROUND: Natural products made from plant sources have been used in a variety of cosmetic applications as a source of nutrition and as a whitening agent. The flowers of Cassia fistula L, family Fabaceae, have been used as a traditional medicine for skin diseases and wound healing and have been reported to possess anti-oxidant properties. The anti-aging effect of C. fistula flower extract on human skin fibroblast was investigated. METHODS: The butanolic extraction of C...
December 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912150/calea-uniflora-less-attenuates-the-inflammatory-response-to-carrageenan-induced-pleurisy-in-mice
#9
Julia Salvan da Rosa, Silvana Virginia Gagliotti Vigil de Mello, Geison Vicente, Yeo Jim K Moon, Felipe Perozzo Daltoé, Tamires Cardoso Lima, Rafaela de Jesus Souza, Maique Weber Biavatti, Tânia Silvia Fröde
Calea uniflora Less. (family Asteraceae), also named "arnica" and "erva-de-lagarto", is a native plant to the South and Southeast of Brazil. This species was used to treat rheumatism, respiratory diseases, and digestive problems in Brazilian folk medicine. In vitro studies have shown the important biological effects of C. uniflora. However no studies have focused on the mechanism of action of anti-inflammatory activity of C. uniflora. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of the crude extract, its fractions, and isolated compounds obtained from of C...
November 29, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910771/induction-of-flavin-containing-monooxygenase-in-mice-by-oral-administration-of-phellinus-baumii-agaricomycetes-extract
#10
Batbayar Sainkhuu, Beom Su Park, Ha Won Kim
Phellinus baumii is a yellow mushroom long used in alternative medicine in Korea and other central Asian countries. To identify genes affected by a single or 7-day oral administration of a water extract of Ph. Baumii, mouse liver tissue was analyzed using microarrays. The results showed that 8 and 23 genes were upregulated and 3 and 11 genes downregulated more than 3-fold by single and multiple oral administrations of 100 mg/kg PBE, respectively. Among the upregulated genes, the expression of 3 flavin-containing monooxygenase (Fmo) family genes, Fmo2-4, was upregulated in a concentration-dependent manner...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910756/fatty-acid-composition-of-different-collections-of-coprinoid-mushrooms-agaricomycetes-and-their-nutritional-and-medicinal-values
#11
Susanna M Badalyan
Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the free fatty acid (FA) composition of ethanol extracts obtained from mycelia of 30 genetically identified strains of 18 species of coprinoid mushrooms (CMs) or coprini belonging to clades Coprinellus (C. bisporus, C. curtus, C. disseminatus, C. domesticus, C. ellisii, C.flocculosus, C. micaceus, C. aff radians I, C. aff radians II, C. aff radians III, C. xanthothrix, Coprinellus sp. 4), Coprinopsis (C. cinerea, C. cothurnata, C. gonophylla, C. lagopides, C. maysoidispora, C...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#12
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909581/expansion-of-health-insurance-in-moldova-and-associated-improvements-in-access-and-reductions-in-direct-payments
#13
Thomas Hone, Jarno Habicht, Silviu Domente, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: Moldova is the poorest country in Europe. Economic constraints mean that Moldova faces challenges in protecting individuals from excessive costs, improving population health and securing health system sustainability. The Moldovan government has introduced a state benefit package and expanded health insurance coverage to reduce the burden of health care costs for citizens. This study examines the effects of expanded health insurance by examining factors associated with health insurance coverage, likelihood of incurring out-of-pocket (OOP) payments for medicines or services, and the likelihood of forgoing health care when unwell...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908946/strategies-for-acute-and-critical-care-nurses-implementing-complementary-therapies-requested-by-patients-and-their-families
#14
Debra Kramlich
As consumer use of complementary and alternative medicine or modalities continues to increase in the United States, requests for these therapies in the acute and critical care setting will probably continue to expand in scope and frequency. Incorporation of complementary therapies in the plan of care is consistent with principles of patient- and family-centered care and collaborative decision-making and may provide a measure of relief for the distress of admission to an acute or critical care setting. An earlier article provided an overview of complementary and alternative therapies that nurses may encounter in their practices, with specific attention to implications for acute and critical care nurses...
December 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908942/the-need-for-an-effective-process-to-resolve-conflicts-over-medical-futility-a-case-study-and-analysis
#15
Jocelyn A Olmstead, Michael D Dahnke
The issue of medical futility requires a well-defined process in which both sides of the dispute can be heard and a resolution reached in a fair and ethical manner. Procedural approaches to medical futility cases provide all parties involved with a process-driven framework for resolving these disputes. Medical paternalism or the belief in the absolute rightness of the medical model will not serve to resolve these disputes. Although medical futility is first determined by medicine, in order for the determination to meet legal criteria, it must be subject to review...
December 2016: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907002/chemical-composition-an-antioxidant-cytotoxic-and-microbiological-activity-of-the-essential-oil-from-the-leaves-of-aeollanthus-suaveolens-mart-ex-spreng
#16
Rosany Lopes Martins, Ranggel Carvalho Simões, Érica de Menezes Rabelo, Ana Luzia Ferreira Farias, Alex Bruno Lobato Rodrigues, Ryan da Silva Ramos, João Batista Fernandes, Lourivaldo da Silva Santos, Sheylla Susan Moreira da Silva de Almeida
Aeollanthus suaveolens species popularly known as catinga de mulata belongs to the Lamiaceae family. In the Amazon region, it is used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastritis, convulsions of epileptic origin, stomach pain and diarrhea in the form of tea and juice. Essential oils have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activity. This study evaluated the chemical composition of the A. suaveolens essential oil, and its cytotoxic, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity on Artemia salina Leach...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906960/perceptions-and-attitudes-towards-medication-error-reporting-in-primary-care-clinics-a-qualitative-study-in-malaysia
#17
A Samsiah, Noordin Othman, Shazia Jamshed, Mohamed Azmi Hassali
OBJECTIVE: To explore and understand participants' perceptions and attitudes towards the reporting of medication errors (MEs). METHODS: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews of 31 healthcare practitioners from nine publicly funded, primary care clinics in three states in peninsular Malaysia was conducted for this study. The participants included family medicine specialists, doctors, pharmacists, pharmacist assistants, nurses and assistant medical officers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906198/population-screening-for-brca1-brca2-mutations-lessons-from-qualitative-analysis-of-the-screening-experience
#18
Sari Lieberman, Amnon Lahad, Ariela Tomer, Carmit Cohen, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Aviad Raz
PURPOSE: Population screening for BRCA1/BRCA2. mutations is being considered for Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) because 2.5% carry recurrent deleterious mutations and effective cancer prevention exists. This study aimed to provide a qualitative focus on perspectives of individuals, particularly carriers, who were tested through a screening trial. In this trial, the pretest process included only written information. METHODS: Interviews were performed with 26 carriers and 10 noncarriers who participated in a BRCA population screening trial for AJ...
December 1, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#19
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905101/a-review-on-antiviral-activity-of-the-himalayan-medicinal-plants-traditionally-used-to-treat-bronchitis-and-related-symptoms
#20
REVIEW
Rahila Amber, Muhammad Adnan, Akash Tariq, Sakina Mussarat
OBJECTIVES: Bronchitis is a common respiratory tract infection of humans mainly caused by influenza virus, rhinovirus, adenovirus, coronavirus and respiratory syncytial virus. The aim of this review was to gather fragmented literature on ethnomedicinal plants used against bronchitis in the Himalayan region and their in-vitro validation against bronchitis causing viral pathogens. KEY FINDINGS: Present review contains ethnomedicines of total 55 plants from different countries of the Himalayas...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
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