keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

perineal protection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144546/presence-of-infection-and-analysis-of-hpv-subtypes-in-girls-younger-than-9-years-old-attended-at-a-referral-service-in-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-brazil
#1
Mariana Penha De Nadai Sartori, Lidiane Pignaton Agostini, Thaís Tristão Tovar, Raquel Silva Dos Reis, Raquel Spinassé Dettogni, Eldamária de Vargas Wolfgramm Dos Santos, Antônio Chambô Filho, Iúri Drumond Louro
PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus is found in adults and adolescents and is associated with genital warts and cervical cancer. However, it has been detected in girls younger than 10 years old. Currently, there are no prevention methods for this age group, since it is not considered a risk group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of infection and HPV subtype in girls under 9 years old attended at a referral service in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: Forty-three girls younger than 9 years old had gynecological brush samples collected from vulval and perineal/anal regions...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136732/-prognosis-factors-for-the-perineal-incision-complications-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#2
S Luo, J W Liang, H T Zhou, W Pei, Z X Zhou, Q Liu, X S Wang
Objective: To evaluate the prognosis factors affecting perineal incision complications after abdominoperineal resection (APR) for the low rectal cancer. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 151 consecutive patients with low rectal cancer undergoing APR between January and December 2013 at Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. The patients were comprised of 95 males and 56 females. The mean age of the patients was (57...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121442/enteric-infections-in-young-children-are-associated-with-environmental-enteropathy-and-impaired-growth
#3
Christine Marie George, Vanessa Burrowes, Jamie Perin, Lauren Oldja, Shwapon Biswas, David Sack, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Rashidul Haque, Nurul Amin Bhuiyan, Tahmina Parvin, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Mahmuda Akter, Shan Li, Gayathri Natarajan, Mohammad Shahnaij, Abu G Faruque, O Colin Stine
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between fecal contamination in child play spaces, enteric infections, environmental enteropathy (EE), and impaired growth among young children. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 203 children 6-30 months of age in rural Bangladesh. Stool samples were analyzed by quantitative PCR for Shigella, Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Campylobacter jejuni, Giardia spp, and Cryptosporidium spp. Four fecal markers of intestinal inflammation were also measured: alpha-1-antitrypsin, myeloperoxidase, neopterin, and calprotectin...
November 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100651/management-of-iatrogenic-cystoscopic-urethral-lesion-associated-with-sequela-of-cuff-erosion-in-a-patient-after-previous-ams-800-implantation-one-step-technique-with-revision-without-cuff-explantation
#4
P Weibl, M Rutkowski, W Huebner
INTRODUCTION: Iatrogenic urethral lesion with subsequent cuff erosion during cystoscopy is a rare complication. The alternative surgical strategy with in situ urethroplasty while maintaining the open cuff left in situ will be presented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors report 3cases of iatrogenic urethral lesion with cuff erosion during cystoscopic evaluation to exclude stricture or cuff erosion due to new onset of obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms. All patients had a history of a AMS 800 implantation due to posprostatectomy incontinence...
October 31, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977739/denonvilliers-fascia-in-men-a-sheet-plastination-and-confocal-microscopy-study-of-the-prerectal-space-and-the-presence-of-an-optimal-anterior-plane-when-mobilizing-the-rectum-for-cancer
#5
Zhaoyang Xu, Pierre H Chapuis, Les Bokey, Ming Zhang
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the detailed, in situ, morphology of Denonvilliers fascia (DVF) in cadavers using sheet plastination and confocal microscopy and to review and describe the optimal anterior plane for mobilisation of the distal rectum.. METHOD: Six, male cadavers (age range, 46-87 years) were prepared as six sets of transverse (x2), coronal (x1) and sagittal (x3) plastinated sections which were examined under a confocal laser scanning microscope...
October 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917315/protective-and-risk-factors-associated-with-the-presence-of-toxocara-spp-eggs-in-dog-hair
#6
Yslla Fernanda Fitz Balo Merigueti, Vamilton Alvares Santarém, Lívia Magosso Ramires, Aline da Silveira Batista, Layron Vinícus da Costa Beserra, Amábyle Lopes Nuci, Talita Mirella de Paula Esposte
Toxocariasis is one of the most prevalent parasitic zoonoses in the world. The disease is principally caused by the nematode Toxocara canis, whose definitive host is the dog. The transmission of toxocariasis to humans is mainly caused by accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs of the parasite, present in the soil. Studies have shown that dog hair has the capacity to harbor eggs of the parasite and represents a risk for transmission of the zoonosis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the frequency and factors associated with the contamination of dog hair by Toxocara spp...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892571/regenerative-immunology-the-immunological-reaction-to-biomaterials
#7
REVIEW
Paolo Cravedi, Samira Farouk, Andrea Angeletti, Lauren Edgar, Riccardo Tamburrini, Jerome Duisit, Laura Perin, Giuseppe Orlando
Regenerative medicine promises to meet two of the most urgent needs of modern organ transplantation, namely immunosuppression-free transplantation and an inexhaustible source of organs. Ideally, bioengineered organs would be manufactured from a patient's own biomaterials-both cells and the supporting scaffolding materials in which cells would be embedded and allowed to mature to eventually regenerate the organ in question. While some groups are focusing on the feasibility of this approach, few are focusing on the immunogenicity of the scaffolds that are being developed for organ bioengineering purposes...
September 11, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889406/intrapartum-transperineal-ultrasound-used-to-predict-cases-of-complicated-operative-vacuum-and-forceps-deliveries-in-nulliparous-women
#8
José Antonio Sainz, José Antonio García-Mejido, Adriana Aquise, María José Bonomi, Carlota Borrero, Paloma De la Fuente, Ana Fernández-Palacín
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the predictive value of intrapartum transperineal ultrasound in the identification of complicated operative(vacuum or forceps) deliveries in nulliparous women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational study of nulliparous women with an indication for operative-delivery who underwent intrapartum transperineal ultrasound before fetal extraction. Managing obstetricians were blinded to the ultrasound data...
September 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885779/the-global-challenge-to-improve-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-women-affected-by-fgm-c
#9
Mary McCauley
Against a background of an increasing demand for surgical intervention for the treatment of FGM/C related complications, Berg et al<comment> Note for typesetter: Please update reference when assigned to an issue.</comment> have conducted a systematic review of 62 studies involving 5829 women, to assess the effectiveness of defibulation, excision of cysts and clitoral reconstructive surgery. Berg et al report that defibulation showed a lower risk of Caesarean section and perineal tears; excision of cysts commonly resulted in resolution of symptoms; and clitoral reconstruction resulted in most women self-reporting improvements in their sexual health...
September 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884810/comparison-between-the-valsalva-maneuver-and-intraoperative-traction-measurements-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-assessment
#10
Stergios K Doumouchtsis, Nivedita Gauthaman, Azar Khunda, Maya Basu, Kiran Dadhwal, Yasmin V Gayle, Constantin M Durnea
OBJECTIVE: To compare the assessment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) between the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system with Valsalva maneuver and intraoperative measurement with mechanical traction. METHODS: A prospective observational study included 100 women with POP attending a tertiary urogynecology clinic in the UK and undergoing vaginal prolapse surgical procedures between October 2011 and October 2014. The women were examined in the clinic using POP-Q with the Valsalva maneuver and in the operating theater under general anesthesia with mechanical traction...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871617/what-is-expected-in-lung-function-after-lung-transplantation-due-to-end-stage-pulmonary-silicosis
#11
Luzielio Alves Sidney-Filho, Guilherme Watte, Pedro Augusto Reck Dos Santos, Sadi Marcelo Schio, Spencer Marcantonio Camargo, Fabíola Adélia Perin, Bruno Hochhegger, Jose Carlos Felicetti, Jose de Jesus Peixoto Camargo, Jose da Silva Moreira
In this study, we aimed to determine the impact of lung transplantation (LTx) on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and survival among patients with end-stage silicosis. We included patients with end-stage silicosis on the wait list for LTx, between January 1989 and July 2015 (N = 26). Sixteen of these patients received LTx; 10 were eligible, but did not undergo LTx (non-LTx) during the study period. Retrospective information on PFTs (spirometry [volumes and flows], 6-minute walking test [6MWT], and DLCO) was retrieved from patients' medical charts, including baseline information for all patients and follow-up information for the LTx...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835410/injury-profile-suffered-by-targets-of-antipersonnel-improvised-explosive-devices-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Shane Smith, Melissa Devine, Joseph Taddeo, Vivian Charles McAlister
OBJECTIVE: To describe pattern 1 injuries caused by the antipersonnel improvised explosive device (AP-IED) in comparison to those previously described for antipersonnel mines (APM). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of 100 consecutive pedestrian victims of an AP-IED, with traumatic amputation without regard for gender, nationality or military status. SETTING: Multinational Medical Unit at Kandahar Air Field, Afghanistan. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred consecutive patients, all male, 6-44 years old...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781935/procedures-in-child-deaths-in-the-netherlands-a-comparison-with-child-death-review
#13
Sandra Gijzen, Jessica Petter, Monique P L'Hoir, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Ariana Need
AIM: Child Death Review (CDR) is a method in which every child death is systematically and multidisciplinary examined to (1) improve death statistics, (2) identify factors that give direction for prevention, (3) translate the results into possible interventions, and (4) support families. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent procedures of organizations involved in the (health) care for children in The Netherlands cover these four objectives of CDR. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Organizations in the Eastern part of The Netherlands and Dutch umbrella organizations involved in child (health) care were asked to provide their protocols, guidelines or other working agreements that describe their activities and responsibilities in case of a child's death...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755440/the-effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-women-with-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
R C Berg, S Taraldsen, M A Said, I K Sørbye, S Vangen
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) changes normal genital functionality and can cause complications. There is an increasing demand for treatment of FGM/C-related complications. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of empirical quantitative research on the outcomes of interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search specialist searched 16 electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Selection was performed independently by two researchers...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670865/robotic-radical-perineal-cystectomy-and-extended-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-initial-investigation-using-a-purpose-built-single-port-robotic-system
#15
Matthew J Maurice, Jeremy Reese, Jihad H Kaouk
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of perineal radical cystoprostatectomy using the latest generation purpose-built single-port robotic surgical system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In two male cadavers, the da Vinci SP1098 Surgical System was used to perform radical cystoprostatectomy and bilateral extended pelvic lymphadenectomy. New features in this model include enhanced high-definition three-dimensional optics, improved instrument maneuverability, and a real-time instrument tracking and guideance system...
July 3, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670755/production-of-low-cs-rice-plants-by-inactivation-of-the-k-transporter-oshak1-with-the-crispr-cas-system
#16
Manuel Nieves-Cordones, Sonia Mohamed, Keitaro Tanoi, Natsuko I Kobayashi, Keiko Takagi, Aurore Vernet, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Christophe Périn, Hervé Sentenac, Anne-Aliénor Véry
The occurrence of radiocesium in food has raised sharp health concerns after nuclear accidents. Despite being present at low concentrations in contaminated soils (below μm), cesium (Cs(+) ) can be taken up by crops and transported to their edible parts. This plant capacity to take up Cs(+) from low concentrations has notably affected the production of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Japan after the nuclear accident at Fukushima in 2011. Several strategies have been put into practice to reduce Cs(+) content in this crop species such as contaminated soil removal or adaptation of agricultural practices, including dedicated fertilizer management, with limited impact or pernicious side-effects...
July 3, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608597/perineal-techniques-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-reducing-perineal-trauma
#17
REVIEW
Vigdis Aasheim, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Liv Merete Reinar, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Most vaginal births are associated with trauma to the genital tract. The morbidity associated with perineal trauma can be significant, especially when it comes to third- and fourth-degree tears. Different interventions including perineal massage, warm or cold compresses, and perineal management techniques have been used to prevent trauma. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of perineal techniques during the second stage of labour on the incidence and morbidity associated with perineal trauma...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551104/-what-measures-of-perineal-protection-at-birth-are-consensual-in-france-results-of-a-delphi-survey
#18
R de Tayrac, L Carligny, R Zimmerman, S Huberlant, V Letouzey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate expert's opinion in order to obtain a consensus on the different measures of perineal protection at the time of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A survey using the Delphi method was carried out with a panel of French obstetricians, urogynecologists and midwives. The questionnaire included 22 questions grouped into four groups: expulsive efforts, indications of episiotomy, episiotomy repair and other forms of perineal protection. The experts had to answer on a 9-point scale, both on the validity and the clarity of each proposal...
May 24, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525825/what-is-to-blame-for-postnatal-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-primiparous-women-pre-pregnancy-or-intrapartum-risk-factors
#19
Constantin M Durnea, Ali S Khashan, Louise C Kenny, Uliana A Durnea, James C Dornan, Suzanne M O'Sullivan, Barry A O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is still poorly understood. However childbearing is recognized as a major risk factor. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the natural history of PFD by investigating the impact of the mode of delivery on postnatal pelvic floor dysfunction in primiparas, when PFD existing before the first pregnancy is taken into consideration. STUDY DESIGN: 4P-study (Prevalence and Predictors of Pelvic floor dysfunction in Primips) is a prospective cohort study, nested within the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study set in a tertiary referral teaching hospital with 9000 deliveries annually...
July 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477432/laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection-with-trans-abdominal-individualized-levator-transection-interim-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Bo Feng, Jiaoyang Lu, Sen Zhang, Xialin Yan, Jianwen Li, Pei Xue, Mingliang Wang, Aiguo Lu, Junjun Ma, Lu Zang, Feng Dong, Zirui He, Fei Yue, Jing Sun, Xizhou Hong, Minhua Zheng
AIM: Extralevator abdominoperineal resection) (ELAPR) is challenging "conventional" adbominoperineal resection (APR) yet the safety and efficacy of ELAPR is still under debate. We therefore developed a laparoscopic APR with transabdominal individualized levator transection (LAPR-TILT) approach and compared the outcome with a conventional laparoscopic APR (CLAPR). METHOD: All eligible patients were entered a single center randomized controlled trial to compare CLAPR and LAPR-TILT...
May 6, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
keyword
keyword
55628
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"