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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917315/protective-and-risk-factors-associated-with-the-presence-of-toxocara-spp-eggs-in-dog-hair
#1
Yslla Fernanda Fitz Balo Merigueti, Vamilton Alvares Santarém, Lívia Magosso Ramires, Aline da Silveira Batista, Layron Vinícus da Costa Beserra, Amábyle Lopes Nuci, Talita Mirella de Paula Esposte
Toxocariasis is one of the most prevalent parasitic zoonoses in the world. The disease is principally caused by the nematode Toxocara canis, whose definitive host is the dog. The transmission of toxocariasis to humans is mainly caused by accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs of the parasite, present in the soil. Studies have shown that dog hair has the capacity to harbor eggs of the parasite and represents a risk for transmission of the zoonosis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the frequency and factors associated with the contamination of dog hair by Toxocara spp...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892571/regenerative-immunology-the-immunological-reaction-to-biomaterials
#2
Paolo Cravedi, Samira Farouk, Andrea Angeletti, Lauren Edgar, Riccardo Tamburrini, Jerome Dusuit, Laura Perin, Giuseppe Orlando
Regenerative medicine promises to meet two of the most urgent needs of modern organ transplantation, namely immunosuppression-free transplantation and an inexhaustible source of organs. Ideally, bioengineered organs would be manufactured from a patient's own biomaterials-both cells and the supporting scaffolding materials in which cells would be embedded and allowed to mature to eventually regenerate the organ in question. While some groups are focusing on the feasibility of this approach, few are focusing on the immunogenicity of the scaffolds that are being developed for organ bioengineering purposes...
September 11, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889406/intrapartum-transperineal-ultrasound-used-to-predict-cases-of-complicated-operative-vacuum-and-forceps-deliveries-in-nulliparous-women
#3
José Antonio Sainz, José Antonio García-Mejido, Adriana Aquise, María José Bonomi, Carlota Borrero, Paloma De la Fuente, Ana Fernández-Palacín
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the predictive value of intrapartum transperineal ultrasound in the identification of complicated operative(vacuum or forceps) deliveries in nulliparous women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational study of nulliparous women with an indication for operative-delivery who underwent intrapartum transperineal ultrasound before fetal extraction. Managing obstetricians were blinded to the ultrasound data...
September 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885779/the-global-challenge-to-improve-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-women-affected-by-fgm-c
#4
Mary McCauley
Against a background of an increasing demand for surgical intervention for the treatment of FGM/C related complications, Berg et al<comment> Note for typesetter: Please update reference when assigned to an issue.</comment> have conducted a systematic review of 62 studies involving 5829 women, to assess the effectiveness of defibulation, excision of cysts and clitoral reconstructive surgery. Berg et al report that defibulation showed a lower risk of Caesarean section and perineal tears; excision of cysts commonly resulted in resolution of symptoms; and clitoral reconstruction resulted in most women self-reporting improvements in their sexual health...
September 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884810/comparison-between-the-valsalva-maneuver-and-intraoperative-traction-measurements-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-assessment
#5
Stergios K Doumouchtsis, Nivedita Gauthaman, Azar Khunda, Maya Basu, Kiran Dadhwal, Yasmin V Gayle, Constantin M Durnea
OBJECTIVE: To compare the assessment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) between the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system with Valsalva maneuver and intraoperative measurement with mechanical traction. METHODS: A prospective observational study included 100 women with POP attending a tertiary urogynecology clinic in the UK and undergoing vaginal prolapse surgical procedures between October 2011 and October 2014. The women were examined in the clinic using POP-Q with the Valsalva maneuver and in the operating theater under general anesthesia with mechanical traction...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871617/what-is-expected-in-lung-function-after-lung-transplantation-due-to-end-stage-pulmonary-silicosis
#6
Luzielio Alves Sidney, Guilherme Watte, Pedro Augusto Reck Dos Santos, Sadi Marcelo Schio, Spencer Marcelo Camargo, Fabíola Adélia Perin, Bruno Hochhegger, Jose Carlos Felicetti, Jose de Jesus Peixoto Camargo, Jose da Silva Moreira
In the present study, we aimed to determine the impact of lung transplantation (LTx) on pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and survival among patients with end-stage silicosis. We included patients with end-stange silicosis on the wait list for LTx, between January 1989 and July 2015 (N=26). Sixteen of these patients received LTx; 10 were eligible, but did not undergo LTx (non-LTx) during the study period. Retrospective information on PFTs (spirometry [volumes and flows], 6-minute walking test [6MWT], and DLCO) was retrieved from patients' medical charts, including baseline information for all patients, and follow-up information for the LTx...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835410/injury-profile-suffered-by-targets-of-antipersonnel-improvised-explosive-devices-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Shane Smith, Melissa Devine, Joseph Taddeo, Vivian Charles McAlister
OBJECTIVE: To describe pattern 1 injuries caused by the antipersonnel improvised explosive device (AP-IED) in comparison to those previously described for antipersonnel mines (APM). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of 100 consecutive pedestrian victims of an AP-IED, with traumatic amputation without regard for gender, nationality or military status. SETTING: Multinational Medical Unit at Kandahar Air Field, Afghanistan. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred consecutive patients, all male, 6-44 years old...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781935/procedures-in-child-deaths-in-the-netherlands-a-comparison-with-child-death-review
#8
Sandra Gijzen, Jessica Petter, Monique P L'Hoir, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Ariana Need
AIM: Child Death Review (CDR) is a method in which every child death is systematically and multidisciplinary examined to (1) improve death statistics, (2) identify factors that give direction for prevention, (3) translate the results into possible interventions, and (4) support families. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent procedures of organizations involved in the (health) care for children in The Netherlands cover these four objectives of CDR. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Organizations in the Eastern part of The Netherlands and Dutch umbrella organizations involved in child (health) care were asked to provide their protocols, guidelines or other working agreements that describe their activities and responsibilities in case of a child's death...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755440/the-effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-women-with-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#9
Rigmor C Berg, Sølvi Taraldsen, Maryan A Said, Ingvil Krarup Sørbye, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) changes normal genital functionality and can cause complications. There is an increasing demand for treatment of FGM/C-related complications. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of empirical quantitative research on the outcomes of interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search specialist searched 16 electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Selection was independent by two researchers...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670865/robotic-radical-perineal-cystectomy-and-extended-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-initial-investigation-using-a-purpose-built-single-port-robotic-system
#10
Matthew J Maurice, Jeremy Reese, Jihad H Kaouk
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of perineal radical cystoprostatectomy using the latest generation purpose-built single-port robotic surgical system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In two male cadavers, the da Vinci SP1098 Surgical System was used to perform radical cystoprostatectomy and bilateral extended pelvic lymphadenectomy. New features in this model include enhanced high-definition three-dimensional optics, improved instrument maneuverability, and a real-time instrument tracking and guideance system...
July 3, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670755/production-of-low-cs-rice-plants-by-inactivation-of-the-k-transporter-oshak1-with-the-crispr-cas-system
#11
Manuel Nieves-Cordones, Sonia Mohamed, Keitaro Tanoi, Natsuko I Kobayashi, Keiko Takagi, Aurore Vernet, Emmanuel Guiderdoni, Christophe Périn, Hervé Sentenac, Anne-Aliénor Véry
The occurrence of radiocesium in food has raised sharp health concerns after nuclear accidents. Despite being present at low concentrations in contaminated soils (below μm), cesium (Cs(+) ) can be taken up by crops and transported to their edible parts. This plant capacity to take up Cs(+) from low concentrations has notably affected the production of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Japan after the nuclear accident at Fukushima in 2011. Several strategies have been put into practice to reduce Cs(+) content in this crop species such as contaminated soil removal or adaptation of agricultural practices, including dedicated fertilizer management, with limited impact or pernicious side-effects...
July 3, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608597/perineal-techniques-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-reducing-perineal-trauma
#12
REVIEW
Vigdis Aasheim, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Liv Merete Reinar, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Most vaginal births are associated with trauma to the genital tract. The morbidity associated with perineal trauma can be significant, especially when it comes to third- and fourth-degree tears. Different interventions including perineal massage, warm or cold compresses, and perineal management techniques have been used to prevent trauma. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of perineal techniques during the second stage of labour on the incidence and morbidity associated with perineal trauma...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551104/-what-measures-of-perineal-protection-at-birth-are-consensual-in-france-results-of-a-delphi-survey
#13
R de Tayrac, L Carligny, R Zimmerman, S Huberlant, V Letouzey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate expert's opinion in order to obtain a consensus on the different measures of perineal protection at the time of vaginal delivery. METHODS: A survey using the Delphi method was carried out with a panel of French obstetricians, urogynecologists and midwives. The questionnaire included 22 questions grouped into four groups: expulsive efforts, indications of episiotomy, episiotomy repair and other forms of perineal protection. The experts had to answer on a 9-point scale, both on the validity and the clarity of each proposal...
May 24, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525825/what-is-to-blame-for-postnatal-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-primiparous-women-pre-pregnancy-or-intrapartum-risk-factors
#14
Constantin M Durnea, Ali S Khashan, Louise C Kenny, Uliana A Durnea, James C Dornan, Suzanne M O'Sullivan, Barry A O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is still poorly understood. However childbearing is recognized as a major risk factor. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the natural history of PFD by investigating the impact of the mode of delivery on postnatal pelvic floor dysfunction in primiparas, when PFD existing before the first pregnancy is taken into consideration. STUDY DESIGN: 4P-study (Prevalence and Predictors of Pelvic floor dysfunction in Primips) is a prospective cohort study, nested within the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study set in a tertiary referral teaching hospital with 9000 deliveries annually...
July 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477432/laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection-with-trans-abdominal-individualized-levator-transection-interim-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Bo Feng, Jiaoyang Lu, Sen Zhang, Xialin Yan, Jianwen Li, Pei Xue, Mingliang Wang, Aiguo Lu, Junjun Ma, Lu Zang, Feng Dong, Zirui He, Fei Yue, Jing Sun, Xizhou Hong, Minhua Zheng
AIM: Extralevator abdominoperineal resection) (ELAPR) is challenging "conventional" adbominoperineal resection (APR) yet the safety and efficacy of ELAPR is still under debate. We therefore developed a laparoscopic APR with transabdominal individualized levator transection (LAPR-TILT) approach and compared the outcome with a conventional laparoscopic APR (CLAPR). METHOD: All eligible patients were entered a single center randomized controlled trial to compare CLAPR and LAPR-TILT...
May 6, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436214/a-comparison-of-the-cost-of-primary-closure-or-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-closure-of-the-perineum-after-abdominoperineal-excision
#16
John Woodfield, Michael Hulme-Moir, Jasen Ly
AIM: Perineal wound complications following abdominoperineal resection continue to be a major challenge.. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and cost of primary closure (PC) and rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap reconstruction (RAM). METHOD: Retrospective case review of consecutive patients by one surgeon over 11 years. Patient demographics, risk factors, operative details and complications were identified. Inpatient and outpatient costs were calculated...
April 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430725/awareness-regarding-perineal-protection-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-and-episiotomy-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-effects-of-an-educational-workshop
#17
Anna M Stecher, Jennifer Yeung, Catrina C Crisp, Rachel N Pauls
OBJECTIVES: Appropriate perineal protection may reduce rates of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). We sought to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of obstetrics and gynecology residents concerning perineal protection, OASIS, and episiotomy before and after an educational workshop. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved cross-sectional survey study of obstetrics and gynecology residents. Two experts in perineal protection, whose methods have been shown to reduce OASIS by 50%, provided 1 week of education...
April 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418599/use-of-the-harmonic-scalpel-for-delorme-s-procedure
#18
David Parés, Ioanna Drami, Katie Adams, Ugo Grossi, Ibnauf Suliman, Charles H Knowles
AIM: There are many surgical techniques to deal with external rectal prolapse but perineal procedures have the advantage of reduced invasiveness. Therefore, despite concerns regarding high recurrence rates, the technique is still used by many surgeons. METHOD: This manuscript and video describe our early clinical experience using the harmonic scalpel in eleven consecutive patients who underwent a Delorme's procedure for external rectal prolapse. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 76 years (range 30-94)...
April 18, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390079/pitfalls-of-diagnosing-urinary-tract-infection-in-infants-and-young-children
#19
Yasuhito Yamasaki, Osamu Uemura, Takuhito Nagai, Satoshi Yamakawa, Yoshiko Hibi, Masaki Yamamoto, Masaru Nakano, Katsuaki Kasahara, Zhang Bo
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the sensitivity and specificity of pyuria-based diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in urine collected by transurethral catheterization, and the reliability of diagnosis of pyuria in urine collected in a perineal bag. The gold standard for UTI diagnosis was the presence of significant colony counts of a single organism in urine obtained in a sterile manner. METHODS: We enrolled 301 patients who underwent medical examination in our hospital for possible UTI between January 2005 and December 2009...
April 8, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387059/pouch-excision-indications-and-outcomes
#20
Amy L Lightner, Sheev Dattani, Eric J Dozois, Sara B Moncrief, John H Pemberton, Kellie L Mathis
INTRODUCTION: Resotrative proctolectomy (RPC) with Ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the procedure of choice for ulcerative colitis. Unfortunately, up to 10% of pouches will fail, requiring either reconstruction or excision. While several series have reported on the aetiology of pouch failure, no study to date has focused on the postoperative complications associated with pouch excision. METHODS: Patients who had excision of ileoanal reservoir with ileostomy (CPT code 45136) were included...
April 7, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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