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Paediatrics and neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#1
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910809/ingeborg-syllm-rapoport-1912-2017-an-exemplary-life-for-children-and-paediatrics
#2
Hannes Sallmon, Roland R Wauer, Charles Christoph Roehr
Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, the first Chair in neonatology in Europe, passed away on March 23. Her biography illustrates how medical and scientific work has been influenced by social, ideological, and economic frames and boundaries in the 20th century. Regarded as a "Half-Jew" by the Nazi racist laws, she was denied her medical doctorate. She went to the USA, where she trained in paediatrics and met her husband, the biochemist Samuel Mitja Rapoport. During the "McCarthy Era" both were persecuted as communists...
September 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867035/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-in-term-or-near-term-newborns-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#3
V Darmency-Stamboul, A G Cordier, S Chabrier
The general designation ischemic perinatal stroke includes several disease states that differ in pathophysiology, timing of occurrence and presentation. While it seems logical to assume that their prevalence and their risk factors depend primarily on the considered type of stroke, most studies used inconsistent definitions or included heterogeneous populations, which limits their accuracy. Given these biases, the French Society of Neonatology and the French Centre for Paediatric Stroke wished to update the knowledge in this domain, focusing on a specific form of perinatal stroke, i...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736678/rapid-assessment-zika-virus-knowledge-among-clinical-specialists-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Chee F Yung, Clarence C Tam, Victor S Rajadurai, Jerry Ky Chan, Mabel Sf Low, Yong H Ng, Koh C Thoon, Lay K Tan
INTRODUCTION: We report the results of a rapid assessment of Zika virus awareness among key clinical specialties in Singapore. METHODS: Between June 6 and June 19, 2016 we conducted an online survey of doctors working in obstetrics and gynaecology, neonatology and paediatrics in Singapore. The survey included 15 multiple choice questions to measure respondents' knowledge of Zika virus in four domains covering clinical and public health. RESULTS: A total of 110 survey responses (15% response rate) were obtained, 82% of respondents worked in the public sector...
May 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536728/neonatologist-performed-point-of-care-functional-echocardiography-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Woei Bing Poon, Keng Yean Wong
Functional echocardiography (fECHO) refers to a bedside, limited assessment of the ductus arteriosus, myocardial performance and pulmonary or systemic haemodynamics that is brief in nature and addresses a specific clinical question or management dilemma. This point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly used internationally and locally among neonatal units to assist with management of neonatal haemodynamic conditions. This article intends to explain the modality, its indications, interpretation and implications for management, and how it impacts long-term outcomes, particularly in chronic lung disease for premature infants born before 32 weeks of gestation...
May 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179660/neonatology-promote-prestigious-paediatric-centres
#6
LETTER
Hanady Kader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091756/-recommendation-on-temperature-management-after-cardiopulmonary-arrest-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-childhood-beyond-the-neonatal-period-statement-of-the-german-society-for-neonatology-and-pediatric-intensive-care-medicine%C3%A2-gnpi-and-the-scientific-working
#7
S Brenner, C Eich, G Rellensmann, M U Schuhmann, T Nicolai, F Hoffmann
The available data on the effectiveness of therapeutic hypothermia in different patient groups are heterogeneous. Although the benefits have been proven for some collectives, recommendations for the use of hypothermia treatment in other groups are based on less robust data and conclusions by analogy. This article gives a review of the current evidence of temperature management in all age groups and based on this state of knowledge, recommends active temperature management with the primary aim of strict normothermia (36-36...
February 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789460/the-changing-uk-paediatric-consultant-workforce-report-from-the-royal-college-of-paediatrics-and-child-health
#8
Martin McColgan, Rachel Winch, Simon J Clark, Carol Ewing, Neena Modi, Anne Greenough
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there had been changes in the size of the UK paediatric workforce and working patterns between 1999 and 2013. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected datasets. SETTING: UK consultant paediatricians. INTERVENTIONS: Data from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health's workforce census from 1999 to 2013 and the annual surveys of new paediatric Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) and Certificate of Equivalence of Specialist Registration (CESR) holders between 2010 and 2013...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566421/progress-in-pediatrics-in-2015-choices-in-allergy-endocrinology-gastroenterology-genetics-haematology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-oncology-and-pulmonology
#9
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389545/fifteen-minute-consultation-the-agar-plates-your-microbiology-colleagues-want-you-to-be-scared-about
#10
G Winzor, J Gray, M Patel
The WHO has recognised antibiotic resistance as one of the greatest threats to human health. As a microbiologist, antibiotic resistance is a problem that keeps me awake at night and inevitably the impact of antibiotic resistance on paediatricians is a matter of when, and not if. I fear for the future of paediatric services such as neonatology, oncology and elective surgery. A recent US study found that 26.8% of post chemotherapy infections and 38.7-50.9% of post-operative infections were caused by bacteria resistant to standard antibiotic prophylaxis...
December 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384404/recommendations-for-neonatologist-performed-echocardiography-in-europe-consensus-statement-endorsed-by-european-society-for-paediatric-research-espr-and-european-society-for-neonatology-esn
#11
Willem P de Boode, Yogen Singh, Samir Gupta, Topun Austin, Kajsa Bohlin, Eugene Dempsey, Alan Groves, Beate Horsberg Eriksen, David van Laere, Zoltan Molnar, Eirik Nestaas, Sheryle Rogerson, Ulf Schubert, Cécile Tissot, Robin van der Lee, Bart van Overmeire, Afif El-Khuffash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277355/a-survey-on-current-practice-of-management-of-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#12
A C Dey, M I Hossain, S Afroze, S K Dey, M A Mannan, M Shahidullah
It was a survey type of cross sectional study where the participants were from different teaching/referral hospital across the country and was done to gather information regarding current practice of management of neonatal sepsis among paediatricians and neonatologists and was conducted on the spot during a national conference of Bangladesh Perinatal Society in December 2013. Specialists in neonatology, paediatrics, and some other disciplines working in different institutes across the country were requested to respond...
April 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156140/-nutrition-in-the-preterm-hospitalized-newborn-recommendations-of-the-chilean-neonatology-branch-chilean-pediatric-society
#13
Patricia Mena, Marcela Milad, Patricia Vernal, M José Escalante
Recommendations based on current publications are presented for postnatal preterm nutrition, depending on birth weight: less 1000g, between 1000 and 1500g, and above 1500g, as well for the development periods: adaptation, stabilisation, and growth. A review is also presented on the nutritional management of morbidities that affect or may affect nutrition, such as: osteopenia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, patent ductus arteriosus, red cell transfusion, and short bowel syndrome.
July 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940318/concepts-from-paediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-adult-intensivists
#14
Warwick Butt, Graeme MacLaren
Over the last 5 years, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in adult patients with severe respiratory or cardiac failure. This contrasts to the use of the technology in neonatal and paediatric intensive care units, where it has been regarded as a standard of care for a number of conditions for over 25 years. Many innovations in ECMO circuitry or clinical management evolve first in one particular discipline and it may be helpful for individual clinicians to keep abreast of developments in ECMO across the entire age range, from neonatology to older adults...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816959/morbidity-and-mortality-pattern-in-late-preterm-infants-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-jammu-kashmir-northern-india
#15
Ghulam Nabi Rather, Muzafar Jan, Wasim Rafiq, Imran Gattoo, Sheikh Quyoom Hussain, Mohmad Latief
INTRODUCTION: The morbidity and mortality pattern in late preterm infants is higher than term infants (gestational age ≥ 37weeks). The main reason behind that is the relative physiologic and metabolic immaturity, though there is no significant difference in the weight or the size of the two groups. AIM: The present study was undertaken to study the incidence, early neonatal morbidity and mortality (within first 7 days of life) in late preterm infants (34 - 36 6/7 weeks)...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26553912/conflict-in-a-paediatric-hospital-a-prospective-mixed-method-study
#16
Liz Forbat, Charlotte Sayer, Phillip McNamee, Esse Menson, Sarah Barclay
BACKGROUND: Conflict in healthcare is a well-recognised but under-examined phenomenon. Little is known about the prevalence and causes of conflict across paediatric specialties. OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency and characteristics of conflict in a paediatric hospital. DESIGN AND SETTING: An explanatory sequential mixed-method approach was adopted. A bespoke questionnaire recorded frequency, severity, cause and staff involved in conflict prospectively...
January 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26362538/expert-consensus-statement-neonatologist-performed-echocardiography-nope-training-and-accreditation-in-uk
#17
Yogen Singh, Samir Gupta, Alan M Groves, Anjum Gandhi, John Thomson, Shakeel Qureshi, John M Simpson
UNLABELLED: Targeted echocardiographic assessments of haemodynamic status are increasingly utilised in many settings. Application in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) is increasingly demanded but challenging given the risk of underlying structural lesions. This statement follows discussions in UK led by the Neonatologists with an Interest in Cardiology and Haemodynamics (NICHe) group in collaboration with the British Congenital Cardiac Association (BCCA) and the Paediatricians with Expertise in Cardiology Special Interest Group (PECSIG)...
February 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26134488/needs-assessment-to-improve-neonatal-intensive-care-in-mexico
#18
K J Weiss, M A Kowalkowski, R Treviño, G Cabrera-Meza, E J Thomas, H C Kaplan, J Profit
BACKGROUND: At the time of the research, Dr Weiss was a clinical fellow in neonatal-perinatal medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital. Dr Profit was on faculty at Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology. He held a secondary appointment in the Department of Medicine, Section of Health Services Research and conducted his research at the VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence where he collaborated with Dr Kowalkowski...
August 2015: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26039500/-parental-information-and-consent-in-neonatology
#19
REVIEW
M Ehlen, A Budde
Careful analysis of current adjudication reveals increasing demand of adequate record-keeping as well as meticulously documented informed consent forms regarding all aspects of medicine. Although standardized informed consent forms or explicit guidelines for obtaining procedural consent already exist in surgical disciplines there is strong evidence that, however, in neonatology (and paediatric intensive care) these processes are still incomplete and qualitatively insufficiently implemented. Therefore the author discussed all existing information prescriptions with the legal department and quality management of a large German clinic group especially in terms of relevant legislation, recent case law and specialist literature in order to obtain potential for improvement...
June 2015: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25948318/neonatal-surgical-care-a-review-of-the-burden-progress-and-challenges-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
REVIEW
Emmanuel A Ameh, Justina O Seyi-Olajide, Tunde T Sholadoye
The outcome of neonatal surgery has significantly improved over the decades in high-income countries. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), however, it has lagged behind. This is a review of the current state of neonatal surgery in SSA. The conditions requiring surgery in the newborn are largely congenital but the rate of emergency surgery is high, reaching 40% of all neonatal surgery in some settings. Most operations are for intestinal obstruction, commonly owing to anorectal malformations and intestinal atresia, as well as abdominal wall defects...
August 2015: Paediatrics and International Child Health
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