keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Life style disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#1
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215172/the-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-pde-5i-for-erectile-dysfunction-ed-a-therapeutic-challenge-for-psychiatrists
#2
Chong Siew Koon, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Ong Wan Xi, Muhammad Hizri Hatta, Cesar Alfonso
Erectile function (EF) is a prerequisite for satisfactory sexual intercourse (SI) and central to male sexual functioning. Satisfactory SI eventually leads to orgasm - a biopsychophysiological state of euphoria - leading to a sense of bliss, enjoyment and positive mental well being. For a psychiatrist, treating ED is self-propelled to harmonize these pleasurable experiences alongside with encouragement of physical wellness and sensuality. Hence, the role of PDE-5i is pivotal in the context of treating ED constitutes a therapeutic challenge...
February 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214588/the-experiences-of-a-biochemist-in-the-evolving-world-of-g-protein-dependent-signaling
#3
REVIEW
Richard A Cerione
This review describes how a biochemist and basic researcher (i.e. myself) came to make a career in the area of receptor-coupled signal transduction and the roles cellular signaling activities play both in normal physiology and in disease. Much of what has been the best part of this research life is due to the time I spent with Bob Lefkowitz (1982-1985), during an extraordinary period in the emerging field of G-protein-coupled receptors. Among my laboratory colleagues were some truly outstanding scientists including Marc Caron, the late Jeffrey Stadel, Berta Strulovici, Jeff Benovic, Brian Kobilka, and Henrik Dohlman, as well as many more...
February 15, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207426/psychological-characteristics-of-early-stage-melanoma-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-on-204-patients
#4
Valentina Tesio, Simone Ribero, Lorys Castelli, Stefania Bassino, Paolo Leombruni, Virginia Caliendo, Marcella Grassi, Danilo Lauro, Giuseppe Macripò, Riccardo G V Torta
The presence of psychological distress has a negative impact not only on cancer patients' quality of life but also on the course of the disease, with slower recovery and increased morbidity. These issues are of particular importance in melanoma patients (MP), who remain at risk of disease progression for many years after diagnosis. This study aimed to investigate psychological distress, coping strategies, and their possible relationships with demographic-clinical features in patients with early-stage melanoma in follow-up...
February 15, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198990/corticosteroids-and-hip-fracture-risk-in-elderly-respiratory-patients-epic-greece-cohort
#5
Anna Karakatsani, Michail Katsoulis, Eleni Klinaki, Antonia Trichopoulou
INTRODUCTION: In an ageing population the prevalence of osteoporosis and chronic respiratory diseases is expected to increase in the near future. Interestingly, several forms of corticosteroids, drugs implicated in osteoporosis pathogenesis, are prescribed to respiratory patients without taking into consideration their age and risk for osteoporotic fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk for hip fracture of the elder individuals who are taking corticosteroids for respiratory disease, including inhalers...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187269/excessive-consumption-of-fructose-causes-cardiometabolic-dysfunctions-through-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#6
Nathalia Bernardes, Prathapan Ayyappan, Katia De Angelis, Ashim Bagchi, Gauri Akolkar, Danielle da Silva Dias, Adriane Bello-Klein, Pawan K Singal
A rapid rise in obesity as well as physical inactivity in industrialized countries is associated with fructose consumption-mediated metabolic syndrome having a strong association with cardiovascular disease. Although insulin resistance is thought to be at the core, visceral obesity, hypertension and hypertriglyceridemia are also considered important components of this metabolic disorder. In addition, various other abnormalities such as inflammation, oxidative stress and elevated levels of uric acid are also part of this syndrome...
February 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185567/from-comorbidities-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-to-identification-of-shared-molecular-mechanisms-by-data-integration
#7
David Gomez-Cabrero, Jörg Menche, Claudia Vargas, Isaac Cano, Dieter Maier, Albert-László Barabási, Jesper Tegnér, Josep Roca
BACKGROUND: Deep mining of healthcare data has provided maps of comorbidity relationships between diseases. In parallel, integrative multi-omics investigations have generated high-resolution molecular maps of putative relevance for understanding disease initiation and progression. Yet, it is unclear how to advance an observation of comorbidity relations (one disease to others) to a molecular understanding of the driver processes and associated biomarkers. RESULTS: Since Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD) has emerged as a central hub in temporal comorbidity networks, we developed a systematic integrative data-driven framework to identify shared disease-associated genes and pathways, as a proxy for the underlying generative mechanisms inducing comorbidity...
November 22, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164772/clinical-and-environmental-correlates-of-serum-bdnf-a-descriptive-study-with-plausible-implications-for-ad-research
#8
Galit Weinstein, Sarah R Preis, Alexa S Beiser, Bernhard Kaess, Tai C Chen, Claudia Satizabal, Faisal Rahman, Emelia J Benjamin, Vasan S Ramachandran, Sudha Seshadri
BACKGROUND: Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) through neurotrophic effects on basal cholinergic neurons. Reduced serum levels of BDND are observed among AD patients and may predict AD risk. Nevertheless, knowledge about factors associated with its levels in blood is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical and demographic correlated of serum BDNF levels . METHODS: BDNF was measured from serum collected between 1992-1996 and 1998-2001 in participants from the Original and Offspring cohorts of the Framingham Study, respectively...
February 2, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163011/aerobic-endurance-training-improves-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-features-via-mir-33-dependent-autophagy-induction-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#9
Parvin Ghareghani, Mehrnoosh Shanaki, Saeideh Ahmadi, Ali Reza Khoshdel, Neda Rezvan, Reza Meshkani, Maryam Delfan, Sattar Gorgani-Firuzjaee
Due to changes in life style, obesity and obesity related complication such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease caused worldwide health problems. Regular exercise has been frequently prescribed to combat metabolic complication of obesity but its molecular mechanism has not been fully illustrated. We investigated molecular mechanism of lipid lowering effect of exercise training in high fat diet fed mice by focusing on miR-33 expression and autophagy pathway. 24 mice were assigned to normal chow (NC) (n=8), high-fat diet (HFD) (n=16) group and subjected to NC and HFD for 13-weeks...
February 2, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162203/-guidelines-on-life-style-modification-for-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
(no author information available yet)
Existing evidences proved that healthy life style after diagnosis contributes to better overall survival and quality of life for breast cancer survivors. The healthy life style includes maintaining healthy weight, regular physical activity and healthy diet. In order to address the concerns of the breast cancer survivors in their disease free and long-term survival period, and provide instruction to the clinical and public health professionals, breast cancer survivors and their families, Breast Health Group(BEST: Breast Education Screening Diagnosis and Treatment Group), the Branch of Women Health of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association convened experts to systematically evaluate the existing evidences and the characteristics of Chinese breast cancer survivors, developed guidelines on the life-style modification for breast cancer survivors...
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158207/cns-infections-in-greenland-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#11
Anne Christine Nordholm, Bolette Søborg, Mikael Andersson, Steen Hoffmann, Peter Skinhøj, Anders Koch
BACKGROUND: Indigenous Arctic people suffer from high rates of infectious diseases. However, the burden of central nervous system (CNS) infections is poorly documented. This study aimed to estimate incidence rates and mortality of CNS infections among Inuits and non-Inuits in Greenland and in Denmark. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cohort study using the populations of Greenland and Denmark 1990-2012. Information on CNS infection hospitalizations and pathogens was retrieved from national registries and laboratories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156634/randomized-trial-of-early-integrated-palliative-and-oncology-care
#12
Areej El-Jawahri, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Elyse R Park, Anthony Back, Alona Muzikansky, Mihir Kamdar, Simone Rinaldi, Juliet Jacobsen, Emily R Gallagher, Joel Fishbein, Justin Eusebio, Harry VanDusen, Jennifer S Temel
: 104 Background: Early palliative care (PC) improves outcomes in patients with newly diagnosed metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and in patients identified by clinicians as having poor prognosis, advanced cancer. We evaluated the impact of early, integrated palliative and oncology care in patients with newly diagnosed lung and gastrointestinal (GI) cancer. METHODS: Between 5/2/11 and 7/20/15, we randomly assigned patients with newly diagnosed incurable lung (NSCLC, small cell, mesothelioma) or GI (pancreas, hepatobiliary, gastric, esophageal) cancer to PC integrated with oncology care (monthly visits with PC) or usual oncology care...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155302/health-assessment-of-taxi-drivers-in-the-city-of-tshwane
#13
Tendani S Ramukumba, Makwena S Mathikhi
BACKGROUND: Taxi driving seems to be a strenuous occupation. There was evidence-based paucity of literature on health assessment of taxi drivers. Meanwhile taxi drivers of South Africa were burdened by communicable and non-communicable diseases including high-level exposure to injuries and criminal attacks. Health assessment of this cohort group enables mitigation to engage in appropriation of relevant interventions related to the occupational needs of taxi drivers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to conduct health assessment of taxi drivers in the city of Tshwane to identify health risk factors...
November 30, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150481/life-style-and-other-risk-factors-for-diverticulitis
#14
Stephan K Böhm, Wolgang Kruis
BACKGROUND: Diverticulosis is a very common condition. Around 20% of the carriers of diverticula are believed to suffer from diverticular disease during their lifetime. This makes diverticular disease one of the clinically and economically most significant diseases in gastroenterology. The etiopathogenesis of diverticulosis and diverticular disease is not well understood. Epidemiological studies allow to define risk factors for the development of diverticulitis and its complications. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed and the current knowledge about risk factors for diverticulitis and associated conditions reviewed...
February 1, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143598/diet-life-style-and-cardiovascular-morbidity-in-the-rural-free-living-population-of-elafonisos-island
#15
Chris J Kapelios, Ioannis Kyriazis, Ioannis Ioannidis, Charilaos Dimosthenopoulos, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Stavros Liatis
BACKGROUND: There are about 70 small islands in the Aegean and Ionian Sea, of less than 300 Km(2) and 5000 inhabitants each, comprising a total population of more than 75,000 individuals with geographical and socioeconomic characteristics of special interest. The objective of the present study was to assess lifestyle characteristics and the state of cardiovascular risk of the population of a small Eastern Mediterranean island, Elafonisos. METHODS: PERSEAS (Prospective Evaluation of cardiovascular Risk Surrogates in Elafonisos Area Study) is an ongoing, population-based, longitudinal survey of cardiovascular risk factors, life-style characteristics and related morbidity/mortality performed in a small and relatively isolated island of the Aegean Sea, named Elafonisos...
February 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137531/effects-of-a-12-week-program-of-tai-chi-exercise-on-the-kidney-disease-quality-of-life-and-physical-functioning-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#16
Jo-Han Chang, Malcolm Koo, Sheng-Wen Wu, Chiu-Yuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that exercise training in patients with end-stage renal disease could improve their physical functioning and quality of life. Nevertheless, few studies have evaluated the effects of Tai Chi exercise in patients on hemodialysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a Tai Chi exercise intervention on the quality of life and physical functioning in end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. DESIGN: A pre-post experimental design...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126466/coconut-oil-protects-cortical-neurons-from-amyloid-beta-toxicity-by-enhancing-signaling-of-cell-survival-pathways
#17
F Nafar, J P Clarke, K M Mearow
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that has links with other conditions that can often be modified by dietary and life-style interventions. In particular, coconut oil has received attention as having potentially having benefits in lessening the cognitive deficits associated with Alzheimer's disease. In a recent report, we showed that neuron survival in cultures co-treated with coconut oil and Aβ was rescued compared to cultures exposed only to Aβ. Here we investigated treatment with Aβ for 1, 6 or 24 h followed by addition of coconut oil for a further 24 h, or treatment with coconut oil for 24 h followed by Aβ exposure for various periods...
January 23, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118847/the-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-chronic-wounds-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#18
Krister Järbrink, Gao Ni, Henrik Sönnergren, Artur Schmidtchen, Caroline Pang, Ram Bajpai, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Chronic non-healing wounds present a substantial economic burden to healthcare system; significant reductions in quality of life for those affected, and precede often serious events such as limp amputations or even premature deaths. This burden is also likely to increase with a larger proportion of elderly and increasing prevalence of life-style diseases such as obesity and diabetes. Reviews of the evidence on the burden of illness associated with chronic wounds have not been comprehensive in scope and have not provided an assessment of the distribution of the health care costs across categories of resource use...
January 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113962/a-handheld-and-textile-enabled-bioimpedance-system-for-ubiquitous-body-composition-analysis-an-initial-functional-validation
#19
Javier Ferreira Gonzalez, Ivan Pau de la Cruz, Kaj Lindecrantz, Fernando Seoane
In recent years, many efforts have been made to promote a healthcare paradigm shift from the traditional reactive hospital-centered healthcare approach towards a proactive, patient-oriented and self-managed approach that could improve service quality and help reduce costs while contributing to sustainability. Managing and caring for patients with chronic diseases accounts over 75% of healthcare costs in developed countries. One of the most resource demanding diseases is chronic kidney disease (CKD), which often leads to a gradual and irreparable loss of renal function, with up to 12% of the population showing signs of different stages of this disease...
November 15, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106669/translational-studies-identify-long-term-impact-of-prior-neonatal-pain-experience
#20
Suellen M Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Pain
keyword
keyword
55624
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"