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Keisuke Motoyama, Tsutomu Nagata, Jun Kobayashi, Akifumi Nakamura, Naoki Miyoshi, Miho Kazui, Ken Sakurai, Tomoko Sakakura
In this study, we aimed to synthesize a novel blocker of transient receptor potential canonical 6 (TRPC6). The sp2 carbon atoms of the aminoindane skeleton of the known inhibitor were replaced with sp3 carbon atoms to increase the molecular complexity, measured by fraction sp3 (Fsp3 ). The representative compound, a bicyclo[4.3.0]nonane derivative DS88790512, inhibited TRPC6 with an IC50 value of 11 nM. Notably, DS88790512 exhibited excellent selectivity against hERG and hNaV 1.5 channels, and was identified as an orally bioavailable compound...
March 22, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Masilamani Tamizmani, Balu Ramesh, Masilamani Jeganmohan
A ruthenium(II)-catalyzed redox-free cycloaddition of N-sulfonyl aromatic aldimines with maleimides providing 1-aminoindanes in good yields is described. Usually, maleimides reacted with substituted aromatics, affording the Michael-type ortho alkylated aromatics or 1,1-type cyclized spirosuccinimides. In the present reaction, maleimides provided 1,2-type cycloaddition products. The proposed mechanism was strongly supported by the DFT calculations and isolation of a ruthenacycle intermediate.
April 6, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Jakob A Shimshoni, Eyal Sobol, Ezekiel Golan, Yulius Ben Ari, Orit Gal
5-Methoxy-2-aminoindane (MEAI) is a novel psychoactive aminoindane derivative, exerting euphoric, alcohol-like tipsy experience and reduced desire to consume alcoholic beverages. Our previous toxicological evaluation of MEAI in rats, clearly indicated MEAI's potential to be further evaluated as a promising binge mitigating agent due to its favorable safety profile. In the light of these observations, we have determined MEAI's pharmacokinetic (PK) profile in rats and evaluated in-vitro its pharmacodynamics (PD) profile...
March 15, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Nikola Pinterova, Rachel R Horsley, Tomas Palenicek
Objectives: Aminoindanes ("bath salts," a class of novel psychoactive substances, NPSs) increased rapidly in popularity on the recreational drug market, particularly after mephedrone and other synthetic cathinones were banned in the UK in 2010. Novel aminoindanes continue to emerge, but relatively little is known about their effects and risks. Their history, chemistry, pharmacology, behavioral effects, pharmacokinetics, and toxicity are reviewed in this paper. Methods: Scientific literature was searched on ISI Web of Knowledge: Web of Science (WoS) during June and July 2017, using English language terms: aminoindanes such as 5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane (MDAI), 5-iodo-2-aminoindane (5-IAI), 2-aminoindane (2-AI), 5,6-methylenedioxy- N -methyl-2-aminoindane (MDMAI), and 5-methoxy-6-methyl-2-aminoindane (MMAI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Chao-Geng Lv, Sheng Wang, Wan-Zhen Yang, Tan Liu, Lan-Ping Guo
The accumulation of rosmarinic acid, acetylshikonin, deoxyshikonin, β, β'-dimethylacrylshikonin and isovalerylshikonin was investigated in cell suspension cultures of Arnebia euchroma (Royle) Johnst under the influence of 2-aminoindan-2-phosphonic acid (AIP), an inhibitor of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), and of the effector methyl jasmonate (MeJA). The results showed that methyl jasmonate promoted the accumulation of rosmarinic acid and shikonin derivatives. Conversely, 2-aminoindan-2-phosphonic acid suppressed the formation of rosmarinic acid, which indicated that AIP, indeed, was able to inhibit the phenylpropanoid pathway in A...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Aimilia Varela, Manolis Mavroidis, Michalis Katsimpoulas, Irini Sfiroera, Niki Kappa, Angelica Mesa, Nikolaos G Kostomitsopoulos, Dennis V Cokkinos
AIM: Rasagiline mesylate (N-propargyl-1 (R)-aminoindan) (RG) is a selective, potent irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-B with cardioprotective and anti-apoptotic properties. We investigated whether it could be cardioprotective in a rat model undergoing experimental myocardial infarction (MI) by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. METHODS AND RESULTS: RG was administered, intraperitoneally, for 28 days (2 mg/kg) starting 24 h after MI induction...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
Dino Luethi, Karolina E Kolaczynska, Luca Docci, Stephan Krähenbühl, Marius C Hoener, Matthias E Liechti
BACKGROUND: Mephedrone is a synthetic cathinone and one of the most popular recreationally used new psychoactive substances. The aim of the present study was to characterize the in vitro pharmacology of novel analogs of mephedrone and related newly emerged designer stimulants. METHODS: We determined norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin transporter inhibition potencies and monoamine release in transporter-transfected human embryonic kidney 293 cells. We also assessed monoamine receptor and transporter binding affinities...
July 26, 2017: Neuropharmacology
Daniel Lachmann, Carolin Studte, Barbara Männel, Harald Hübner, Peter Gmeiner, Burkhard König
We describe the incorporation of the well-investigated class of photochromic dithienylethenes (DTEs) and fulgides into known dopamine receptor ligands such as 1,4-disubstituted aromatic and hydroxybenzoxazinone piperazines as well as aminoindanes. Subtype and functional selective photochromic ligands were obtained and characterized by NMR and UV/VIS spectroscopic measurements. The photophysical properties of the DTE based dopamine ligands revealed a high fatigue resistance for the diarylmaleimides, but the ringclosure could not be accomplished in polar solvents due to a known twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT)...
September 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Ritva Karinen, Gudrun Høiseth
Interpretation of blood concentrations of new psychoactive substances (NPS) requires comparison of the results to previously published case reports; as only a few experimental studies for these substances exist. A large number of articles representing single or multiple cases have been published for a great number of substances, making a unified overview difficult. In this review we have collected all published blood concentrations from the NPS groups classified as phenethylamines, aminoindanes, arylalkylamines, arylcyclohexylamines, and indolalkylamines, and also included unpublished results for MPA, MXE, 4-FMA, 4-FA and 4-MA analyzed in our laboratory...
July 2017: Forensic Science International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Yao Li, Cyndi Qixin He, Fei-Xiang Gao, Zhen Li, Xiao-Song Xue, Xin Li, K N Houk, Jin-Pei Cheng
A new chiral HBD system, N-tert-butyl sulfinyl squaramide, was designed and synthesized. The core N-tert-butyl sulfinyl squaramide with an 1-aminoindan-2-ol skeleton was found to be an efficient catalyst in the enantioselective Friedel-Crafts alkylation of indoles and acyl phosphonates.
April 7, 2017: Organic Letters
Amira Guirguis, Sarah Girotto, Benedetta Berti, Jacqueline L Stair
The chemical identification of new psychoactive substances (NPS) in the field is challenging due not only to the plethora of substances available, but also as a result of the chemical complexity of products and the chemical similarity of NPS analogues. In this study, handheld Raman spectroscopy and the use of two excitation wavelengths, 785 and 1064nm, were evaluated for the identification of 60 NPS products. The products contained a range of NPS from classes including the aminoindanes, arylalkylamines, benzodiazepines, and piperidines & pyrrolidines...
April 2017: Forensic Science International
Linda Vårdal, Hilde-Merete Askildsen, Astrid Gjelstad, Elisabeth Leere Øiestad, Hilde Marie Erøy Edvardsen, Stig Pedersen-Bjergaard
Parallel artificial liquid membrane extraction (PALME) was combined with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS) and the potential for screening of new psychoactive substances (NPS) was investigated for the first time. PALME was performed in 96-well format comprising a donor plate, a supported liquid membrane (SLM), and an acceptor plate. Uncharged NPS were extracted from plasma or whole blood, across an organic SLM, and into an aqueous acceptor solution, facilitated by a pH gradient...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Jerzy Zoń, Piotr Miziak
Five new geminal aminocycloalkanephosphonic acids (4 - 8) containing both an aromatic ring and a cycloalkane ring were synthesized and evaluated as potential inhibitors of buckwheat phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL). Within the set of compounds which are related to 2-aminoindane-2-phosphonic acid (AIP, 3), a known powerful inhibitor of PAL, racemic 1-aminobenzocyclobutene-1-phosphonic acid (4), was six times weaker than AIP as an in vitro inhibitor of buckwheat PAL, but six times stronger than AIP as an in vivo inhibitor of phenylalanine-derived anthocyanin synthesis in buckwheat...
May 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Jakob A Shimshoni, Ilan Winkler, Nir Edery, Ezekiel Golan, René van Wettum, David Nutt
5-Methoxy-2-aminoindane (MEAI) is a psychoactive compound of the aminoindane class, which in recent years has been recreationally used by many people, who reported of a mild euphoric, alcohol-like tipsy experience and reduced desire to consume alcoholic beverages. In the light of these observations it was decided to progress MEAI through a preliminary drug development route and evaluate the acute and subacute toxicity of MEAI administrated orally to Sprague Dawley rats, as well as to determine potential in-vitro cytotoxic and mutagenic effects using state-of-the-art protocols...
March 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Hayriye Genç, Ramazan Kalin, Zeynep Köksal, Nastaran Sadeghian, Umit M Kocyigit, Mustafa Zengin, İlhami Gülçin, Hasan Özdemir
β-Lactams are pharmacologically important compounds because of their various biological uses, including antibiotic and so on. β-Lactams were synthesized from benzylidene-inden derivatives and acetoxyacetyl chloride. The inhibitory effect of these compounds was examined for human carbonic anhydrase I and II (hCA I, and II) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE). The results reveal that β-lactams are inhibitors of hCA I, II and AChE. The Ki values of β-lactams (2a-k) were 0.44-6.29 nM against hCA I, 0.93-8.34 nM against hCA II, and 0...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Joe Kakish, Kevin J H Allen, Troy A Harkness, Ed S Krol, Jeremy S Lee
The misfolding of α-synuclein is a critical event in the death of dopaminergic neurons and the progression of Parkinson's disease. Previously, it was suggested that drugs, which bind to α-synuclein and form a loop structure between the N- and C-termini, tend to be neuroprotective, whereas others, which cause a more compact structure, tend to be neurotoxic. To improve the binding to α-synuclein, eight novel compounds were synthesized from a caffeine scaffold attached to (R,S)-1-aminoindan, (R,S)-nicotine, and metformin, and their binding to α-synuclein determined through nanopore analysis and isothermal titration calorimetry...
December 21, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Nils Rackelmann, Hans Matter, Heinrich Englert, Markus Follmann, Thomas Maier, John Weston, Petra Arndt, Winfried Heyse, Katharina Mertsch, Klaus Wirth, Laurent Bialy
The design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationship of 1-phenoxy-2-aminoindanes as inhibitors of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger type 3 (NHE3) are described based on a hit from high-throughput screening (HTS). The chemical optimization resulted in the discovery of potent, selective, and orally bioavailable NHE3 inhibitors with 13d as best compound, showing high in vitro permeability and lacking CYP2D6 inhibition as main optimization parameters. Aligning 1-phenoxy-2-aminoindanes onto the X-ray structure of 13d then provided 3D-QSAR models for NHE3 inhibition capturing guidelines for optimization...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Monika Židková, Igor Linhart, Marie Balíková, Michal Himl, Lubomír Váňa, Michal Vetýška, Tomáš Páleníček, Eva Lhotková, Martin Dušek
1. 5,6-Methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane (MDAI) is a member of aminoindane drug family with serotoninergic effect, which appeared on illicit drug market as a substitute for banned stimulating and entactogenic drugs. 2. Metabolism of MDAI, which has been hitherto unexplored, was studied in rats dosed with a subcutaneous dose of 20 mg MDAI.HCl/kg body weight. The urine of rats was collected within 24 h after dosing for analyses by HPLC-ESI-HRMS and GC/MS. 3. The main metabolic pathways proceeding in parallel were found to be oxidative demethylenation followed by O-methylation and N-acetylation...
June 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Christopher Murgatroyd, Lisa Pirrie, Fanny Tran, Terry K Smith, Nicholas J Westwood, Catherine S Adamson
UNLABELLED: HIV-1 maturation inhibitors are a novel class of antiretroviral compounds that consist of two structurally distinct chemical classes: betulinic acid derivatives and the pyridone-based compound PF-46396. It is currently believed that both classes act by similar modes of action to generate aberrant noninfectious particles via inhibition of CA-SP1 cleavage during Gag proteolytic processing. In this study, we utilized a series of novel analogues with decreasing similarity to PF-46396 to determine the chemical groups within PF-46396 that contribute to antiviral activity, Gag binding, and the relationship between these essential properties...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
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