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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815367/microplastic-pollution-a-threat-to-marine-ecosystem-and-human-health-a-short-review
#1
Shivika Sharma, Subhankar Chatterjee
Human populations are using oceans as their household dustbins, and microplastic is one of the components which are not only polluting shorelines but also freshwater bodies globally. Microplastics are generally referred to particles with a size lower than 5 mm. These microplastics are tiny plastic granules and used as scrubbers in cosmetics, hand cleansers, air-blasting. These contaminants are omnipresent within almost all marine environments at present. The durability of plastics makes it highly resistant to degradation and through indiscriminate disposal they enter in the aquatic environment...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813283/stress-and-coping-in-couples-facing-infertility
#2
REVIEW
Lauri A Pasch, Kieran T Sullivan
Infertility presents an ideal setting for examining how stress impacts couple relationships. The effect of facing fertility problems on couple relationships is highly varied. Traditional stress and coping models are limited, because they do not account for partner interdependence. We propose a stress and coping in couples model which argues that couples whose approaches to managing infertility (i.e., their appraisal and coping efforts) are compatible will experience more positive communication, and be more likely to experience a strengthening of their relationship; whereas couples with incompatible approaches will be more likely to experience negative communication and a weakening of their relationship...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810916/the-catsper-channel-and-its-roles-in-male-fertility-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Xiang-Hong Sun, Ying-Ying Zhu, Lin Wang, Hong-Ling Liu, Yong Ling, Zong-Li Li, Li-Bo Sun
The Catsper channel is a sperm-specific, Ca(2+)-permeable, pH-dependent, and low voltage-dependent channel that is essential for the hyperactivity of sperm flagellum, chemotaxis towards the egg, capacitation and acrosome reaction. All of these physiological events require calcium entry into sperm cells. Remarkably, Catsper genes are exclusively expressed in the testis during spermatogenesis, and are sensitive to ion channel-induced pH change, such as NHEs, Ca(2+)ATPase, K(+) channel, Hv1 channel and HCO3(-) transporters...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808611/red-snappers-and-red-herrings-pelvic-tuberculosis-causing-elevated-ca-125-and-mimicking-advanced-ovarian-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Johnnie Alphonse Yates, Olivia Ann Collis, Thanasak Sueblinvong, Tarquin Kamakana Collis
Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is a form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis that has been primarily described in developing countries, where it is an important cause of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and miscarriage. FGTB is rare in the United States and because its clinical presentation is non-specific and often insidious, FGTB may be misdiagnosed as a gynecologic malignancy or endometriosis. The tendency of tuberculosis to dramatically increase serum CA 125 levels contributes to the potential for FGTB to be mistaken for ovarian cancer in particular...
August 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807160/treatment-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-female-infertility
#5
Dan Jiang, Lily Li, Bai-Yun Zeng
Female infertility is when a woman of reproductive age and sexual active, without contraception, cannot get pregnant after a year and more or keeps having miscarriages. Although conventional treatments for infertility such as hormone therapy, in vitro fertilization and many more, helped many female patients with infertility get pregnant during past a few decades, it is far from satisfactory with prolonging treatment time frames and emotional and financial burden. In recent years, more patients with infertile problems are seeking to alternative and complementary medicines to achieve a better outcome...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803811/office-operative-hysteroscopy-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Christina Alicia Salazar, Keith Isaacson
Hysteroscopy is considered the gold standard for evaluation of intracavitary pathology associated with both pre- and postmenopausal patients with abnormal uterine bleeding as well as part of the evaluation of infertility patients with suspected cavity abnormalities. Office-based operative hysteroscopy allows patients to resume activities immediately and successfully integrates clinical practice into a "see and treat" modality, avoiding the added risks of undergoing anesthesia and the inconvenience of going to the operating room...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791262/clinical-characteristics-of-pregnancies-complicated-by-congenital-myotonic-dystrophy
#7
Cheonga Yee, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Chang-Seok Ki, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although the conventional prevalence of myotonic dystrophy is 1:8,000, the prevalence in Korean population was recently reported as 1:1,245. With higher domestic result than expected, we aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of pregnancies complicated by congenital myotonic dystrophy in our institution. METHODS: We have reviewed 11 paired cases of neonates diagnosed with congenital myotonic dystrophy and their mothers between July 2004 and May 2014, with clinical features including maternal history of infertility, prenatal ultrasonographic findings, and neonatal outcomes...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789946/prevalence-and-management-of-incidental-small-testicular-masses-discovered-on-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-male-infertility
#8
Jared M Bieniek, Tristan Juvet, Myles Margolis, Ethan D Grober, Kirk C Lo, Keith A Jarvi
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the safety of surveillance of small testicular masses incidentally discovered during evaluation of male infertility. MATERIALS & METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively-collected database to identify male infertility patients found to have incidental small testicular masses (hypoechoic lesions <10mm) on scrotal ultrasonography. Men were offered close surveillance with interval imaging and office follow-up. Patient and imaging characteristics were collected for comparisons between surveillance and surgical groups with additional comparisons between benign and malignant pathologies to elucidate predictors of underlying malignancy...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780432/polymer-materials-for-prevention-of-postoperative-adhesion
#9
REVIEW
Jiannan Li, Xiangru Feng, Baichun Liu, Yingjie Yu, Leming Sun, Tongjun Liu, Yongheng Wang, Jianxun Ding, Xuesi Chen
Postoperative adhesion (POA) is a common complication that often occurs after a variety of surgeries, such as plastic surgery, repair operations of abdominal, pelvic, and tendon, and so forth. Moreover, POA leads to chronic abdominal pain, secondary infertility in women, intestinal obstruction, and other severe complications, which significantly reduce the life quality of patients. In order to prevent the formation of POA, a number of strategies have been developed, among which an emerging method is physical barriers consisting of polymer materials...
August 2, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764804/effects-of-date-palm-pollen-on-fertility-research-proposal-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Fatemeh Abdi, Nasibeh Roozbeh, Amir Mohammad Mortazavian
OBJECTIVE: Over 10-15% of couples in different countries are infertile. Male infertility is a contributing factor and the only cause of infertility in respectively 50% and 20-30% of all cases of infertility. According to previous research, micro-elements isolated from date palm pollen (DPP), e.g. estrogen and sterols, may enhance male and female fertility. DPP has also been reported to improve sperm parameters including sperm motility and viability, acrosome reaction, and lipid peroxidation...
August 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760517/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#11
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
July 28, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760003/surgical-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-endometriosis-surgery-a-6-year-experience
#12
S Alborzi, A Hosseini-Nohadani, T Poordast, Z Shomali
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to review 6-year experience on the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic endometriosis surgery. METHODS: A cohort study was performed in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences using data from medical records of 1315 cases of patients with endometriosis undergoing laparoscopic surgery with follow-up of 6 to 72 months. RESULTS: This study concerned a cohort of 1315 patients diagnosed with endometriosis operated between April 2010 and April 2016, 1086 (82...
August 1, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758928/role-of-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-type-1-in-pathologies-of-female-reproductive-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Yao Ye, Aurelia Vattai, Xi Zhang, Junyan Zhu, Christian J Thaler, Sven Mahner, Udo Jeschke, Viktoria von Schönfeldt
Normal pregnancy is a state of hypercoagulability with diminishing fibrinolytic activity, which is mainly caused by an increase of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). PAI-1 is the main inhibitor of plasminogen activators, including tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). In human placentas, PAI-1 is expressed in extravillous interstitial trophoblasts and vascular trophoblasts. During implantation and placentation, PAI-1 is responsible for inhibiting extra cellular matrix (ECM) degradation, thereby causing an inhibition of trophoblasts invasion...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758506/exposure-to-modern-widespread-environmental-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-their-effect-on-the-reproductive-potential-of-women-an-overview-of-current-epidemiological-evidence
#14
Anetta Karwacka, Dorota Zamkowska, Michał Radwan, Joanna Jurewicz
Growing evidence indicates that exposure to widespread, environmental contaminants called endocrine disruptors (EDCs) negatively affects animal and human reproductive health and has been linked to several diseases including infertility. This review aims to evaluate the impact of environmental exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals [phthalates, parabens, triclosan, bisphenol A (BPA), organochlorine (PCBs) and perfluorinated (PFCs) compounds] on the reproductive potential among women, by reviewing most recently published literature...
July 31, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754299/antimicrobial-resistance-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-history-molecular-mechanisms-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-an-emerging-global-threat
#15
REVIEW
Ana Paula Ramalho da Costa Lourenço, Késia Thaís Barros Dos Santos, Beatriz Meurer Moreira, Sergio Eduardo Longo Fracalanzza, Raquel Regina Bonelli
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the agent of gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted infection with an estimate from The World Health Organization of 78 million new cases in people aged 15-49 worldwide during 2012. If left untreated, complications may include pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. Antimicrobial treatment is usually effective; however, resistance has emerged successively through various molecular mechanisms for all the regularly used therapeutic agents throughout decades. Detection of antimicrobial susceptibility is currently the most critical aspect for N...
July 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754128/does-air-pollution-play-a-role-in-infertility-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud, Roger Léandri
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is involved in many pathologies. These pollutants act through several mechanisms that can affect numerous physiological functions, including reproduction: as endocrine disruptors or reactive oxygen species inducers, and through the formation of DNA adducts and/or epigenetic modifications. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature on the impact of air pollution on reproductive function. Eligible studies were selected from an electronic literature search from the PUBMED database from January 2000 to February 2016 and associated references in published studies...
July 28, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752910/antioxidants-for-female-subfertility
#17
REVIEW
Marian G Showell, Rebecca Mackenzie-Proctor, Vanessa Jordan, Roger J Hart
BACKGROUND: A couple may be considered to have fertility problems if they have been trying to conceive for over a year with no success. This may affect up to a quarter of all couples planning a child. It is estimated that for 40% to 50% of couples, subfertility may result from factors affecting women. Antioxidants are thought to reduce the oxidative stress brought on by these conditions. Currently, limited evidence suggests that antioxidants improve fertility, and trials have explored this area with varied results...
July 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752572/effect-of-paracetamol-on-semen-quality
#18
REVIEW
S A Banihani
Several published studies, both direct and indirect, have connected paracetamol, also named acetaminophen, a commonly used over-the-counter analgesic and antipyretic medication, with semen quality and male infertility, although as yet this connection is unclear. This review addresses the effect of paracetamol on semen quality and hence on male factor infertility. We searched the MEDLINE database from January 1980 through January 2017 for English-language articles using the key words "paracetamol" and "acetaminophen" versus "sperm...
July 28, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750635/proteomic-analysis-of-human-follicular-fluid-associated-with-successful-in-vitro-fertilization
#19
Xiaofang Shen, Xin Liu, Peng Zhu, Yuhua Zhang, Jiahui Wang, Yanwei Wang, Wenting Wang, Juan Liu, Ning Li, Fujun Liu
BACKGROUND: Human follicular fluid (HFF) provides a key environment for follicle development and oocyte maturation, and contributes to oocyte quality and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. METHODS: To better understand folliculogenesis in the ovary, a proteomic strategy based on dual reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) coupled to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MALDI TOF/TOF MS) was used to investigate the protein profile of HFF from women undergoing successful IVF...
July 27, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745849/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-the-emergency-department-digest
#20
Charles Walter Bugg, Taku Taira, Milana Zaurova
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a common disease that is associated with significant complications including infertility, chronic pelvic pain, ruptured tubo-ovarian abscess, and ectopic pregnancy. The diagnosis may be delayed when the presentation has nonspecific signs and symptoms. Even when it is properly identified, pelvic inflammatory disease is often treated suboptimally. This review provides evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, disposition, and follow-up of patients with pelvic inflammatory disease...
December 22, 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
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