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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905697/management-of-infertile-women-with-pelvic-endometriosis-a-literature-review
#1
Elisabeth Guinard, Pierre Collinet, Catherine Lefebvre, Geoffroy Robin, Chrystele Rubod
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a condition that affects women's fertility. Several mechanisms are involved in this process: anatomical changes, mechanical, immune or inflammatory factors, ovarian reserve alterations. There are different types of strategies to treat endometriosis-related infertility: medical treatment, surgical treatment and / or techniques of medically assisted procreation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We tried to consider various therapeutic strategies depending on the stage of the disease in order to offer appropriate management to patients with endometriosis who wish to become pregnant: we reviewed 58 articles between 1985 to 2016 searching in medline using the key words "endometriosis and infertility" and "infertility and endometriosis treatment"...
December 1, 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905212/multicystic-seminal-vesicle-with-ipsilateral-renal-agenesis-two-cases-of-zinner-syndrome
#2
Pablo Naval-Baudin, Elena Carreño García, Ana Sanchez Marquez, Joana Valcárcel José, Natalia M Romero
The association of ipsilateral renal agenesis and cystic seminal vesicle is a rare congenital syndrome described by Zinner in 1914. The cases of two patients with this syndrome are presented, one of them associated with infertility, the other with cryptorchidism and testicular pain. A brief review of the literature is undertaken, regarding the main clinical and imaging implications, and the developmental anomalies that are involved in this unusual congenital anomaly are analyzed.
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904425/association-of-thyroid-profile-and-prolactin-level-in-patient-with-secondary-amenorrhea
#3
Sujata Shrestha, Sunita Neupane, Narayan Gautam, Raju Kumar Dubey, Amit Chandra Jha, Nilesh Raj Doshi, Archana Jayan
BACKGROUND: Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual periods. It has multiple social consequences as it may leads to infertility. This case control study was conducted for determining the association of thyroid hormones with hyperprolactinemia in patient with amenorrhea. METHODS: We investigated 50 women with diagnosed cases of secondary amenorrhoea, who attended UCMS hospital, for hormonal evaluations. Fifty two healthy women were taken as the controls. The thyroid dysfunction and serum prolactin level were reviewed in cases and in the controls...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904151/phylogenetic-and-population-based-approaches-to-mitogenome-variation-do-not-support-association-with-male-infertility
#4
Alberto Gómez-Carballa, Jacobo Pardo-Seco, Federico Martinón-Torres, Antonio Salas
Infertility has a complex multifactorial etiology and a high prevalence worldwide. Several studies have pointed to variation in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecule as a factor responsible for the different disease phenotypes related to infertility. We analyzed 53 mitogenomes of infertile males from Galicia (northwest Spain), and these haplotypes were meta-analyzed phylogenetically with 43 previously reported from Portugal. Taking advantage of the large amount of information available, we additionally carried out association tests between patient mtDNA single-nucleotide polymorphisms (mtSNPs) and haplogroups against Iberian matched controls retrieved from The 1000 Genomes Project and the literature...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904014/male-infertility-related-molecules-involved-in-sperm-oocyte-fusion
#5
Lisha Mou, Ni Xie
Male infertility has become a very serious problem in the human reproduction system, but the molecular mechanism of infertility remains largely unknown. Fertilization is the phenomenon in which a sperm and oocyte find each other, interact, and fuse. Sperm-oocyte fusion-related factors on the sperm side play crucial roles in male infertility. For example, IZUMO1 is well-known as a sperm protein essential for fusion of a sperm and oocyte, but its dysfunction or mutation can result in male infertility. Recent studies showed a novel sperm protein named Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), which takes part in the sperm-oocyte fusion process...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901187/interactions-between-prolactin-and-kisspeptin-to-control-reproduction
#6
Jose Donato, Renata Frazão
Prolactin is best known for its effects of stimulating mammary gland development and lactogenesis. However, prolactin is a pleiotropic hormone that is able to affect several physiological functions, including fertility. Prolactin receptors (PRLRs) are widely expressed in several tissues, including several brain regions and reproductive tract organs. Upon activation, PRLRs may exert prolactin's functions through several signaling pathways, although the recruitment of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 causes most of the known effects of prolactin...
November 24, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899089/familial-forms-of-disorders-of-sex-development-may-be-common-if-infertility-is-considered-a-comorbidity
#7
Raja Brauner, Flavia Picard-Dieval, Henri Lottmann, Sébastien Rouget, Joelle Bignon-Topalovic, Anu Bashamboo, Ken McElreavey
BACKGROUND: Families with 46,XY Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) have been reported, but they are considered to be exceptionally rare, with the exception of the familial forms of disorders affecting androgen synthesis or action. The families of some patients with anorchia may include individuals with 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis. We therefore analysed a large series of patients with 46,XY DSD or anorchia for the occurrence in their family of one of these phenotypes and/or ovarian insufficiency and/or infertility and/or cryptorchidism...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898339/dietary-phytochemicals-for-possible-preventive-and-therapeutic-option-of-uterine-fibroids-signaling-pathways-as-target
#8
REVIEW
Md Soriful Islam, James H Segars, Mario Castellucci, Pasquapina Ciarmela
A growing interest has emerged on dietary phytochemicals to control diverse pathological conditions. Unfortunately, dietary phytochemical research in uterine fibroids is still under construction. Uterine fibroids/leiomyomas are benign tumors developing from the myometrium of the uterus in premenopausal women. They may occur in more than 70% of women, and approximately 25% of women show clinically significant symptoms. These include heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure (urinary frequency, incontinence, and difficulty with urination), pelvic pain, pelvic mass, infertility, and reproductive dysfunction...
October 20, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895849/celiac-disease-and-obstetrical-gynecological-contribution
#9
REVIEW
Giovanni Casella, Guido Orfanotti, Loredana Giacomantonio, Camillo Di Bella, Valentina Crisafulli, Vincenzo Villanacci, Vittorio Baldini, Gabrio Bassotti
Celiac disease (CD) shows an increased prevalence in female, particularly during the fertile period. Celiac disease should be researched in infertility, spontaneous and recurrent abortions, delayed menarche, amenorrhea, early menopause, and children with low birth-weight. Celiac disease is still little considered during the evaluation of infertility. Up to 50% of women with untreated CD refer an experience of miscarriage or an unfavorable outcome of pregnancy. Celiac patients taking a normal diet (with gluten) have a shorter reproductive period...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895545/studying-the-complex-relationships-between-physical-activity-and-infertility
#10
Kelly R Evenson, Kathryn R Hesketh
This article provides commentary on the accompanying review, "Modifiable Risk Factors and Infertility: What are the Connections?" by Rossi and colleagues. This commentary focuses specifically on the association between physical activity or exercise and infertility, given the equivocal evidence summarized in the Rossi et al. review paper. Several methodologic issues related to physical activity and infertility are discussed, including defining the components of physical activity that research studies assess in research studies (e...
July 2016: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889460/evaluation-of-time-lapse-for-establishing-distal-tubal-occlusion-diagnosis-during-hysterosalpingography-procedure-performed-by-using-water-soluble-contrast-media
#11
Serkan Kahyaoglu, Omer Hamid Yumusak, Inci Kahyaoglu, Gokce Naz Kucukbas, Alev Esercan, Yasemin Tasci
BACKGROUND: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is the most frequently used diagnostic measure for simultaneously determining uterine abnormalities and tubal status among subfertile women. Despite several broader advantages such as availability and increased experience, the subjectivity involved during administration of the HSG procedure itself, and necessary imaging review, decreases the reliability and accuracy of HSG. In this study, we evaluated the time intervals between X-ray imaging during HSG procedure to establish the presence of distal tubal occlusion...
November 24, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887783/a-systematic-review-of-mancozeb-as-a-reproductive-and-developmental-hazard
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Runkle, Joan Flocks, Jeannie Economos, Anne L Dunlop
BACKGROUND: The potential adverse reproductive and developmental effects of Mancozeb, especially in sensitive subpopulations, have not been fully reviewed for this widely used fungicide. OBJECTIVE: To review the experimental and epidemiologic evidence for the association between exposure to Mancozeb and reproductive and developmental health outcomes using an adaptation of the National Toxicology Program's Office of Health Assessment and Translation (OHAT) systematic review framework...
November 22, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879541/ethical-barriers-in-adolescent-oncofertility-counseling
#13
Daniel V Runco, Julia F Taylor, Paul R Helft
Adult survivors of pediatric cancers are at substantial risk for infertility. Oncofertility is an emerging field in medicine that has focused on the fertility preservation of these patients. As the field continues to develop, there are several areas in which our practice has improved. However, several ethical concerns still exist involving beneficence, nonmaleficence, informed consent, adolescent assent, and posthumous use of reproductive tissues. Because the field is still developing, great disparities exist in available options depending on age, ability to pay, and geographic location...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879197/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Charles Walter Bugg, Taku Taira
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a common disease that is associated with significant complications including infertility, chronic pelvic pain, ruptured tubo-ovarian abscess, and ectopic pregnancy. The diagnosis may be delayed when the presentation has nonspecific signs and symptoms. Even when it is properly identified, pelvic inflammatory disease is often treated suboptimally. This review provides evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, disposition, and follow-up of patients with pelvic inflammatory disease...
December 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875946/the-role-of-sexual-dysfunction-and-infertility-on-reproductive-health-in-diabetics-pathogenesis-evaluation-and-management
#15
Jason Gandhi, Gautam Dagur, Kelly Warren, Noel Smith, Sardar Ali Khan
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled or long-term diabetes mellitus is conducive to vascular and oxidative stress disturbances that impede several physiological systems, which may in turn elicit psychological symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We assess the sexual and hormonal complications of diabetes mellitus that impair reproductive function in males and females. METHOD: A comprehensive MEDLINE® search was guided using key words relevant to diabetes mellitus and reproductive health...
November 22, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872029/association-between-infertility-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-men-and-women
#16
REVIEW
Michael H Berger, Marisa Messore, Alexander W Pastuszak, Ranjith Ramasamy
INTRODUCTION: The relation between infertility and sexual dysfunction can be reciprocal. Causes of sexual dysfunction that affect fertility include erectile dysfunction, Peyronie's disease (abnormal penile curvature), low libido, ejaculatory disorders in men, and genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD) and low sexual desire in women. AIM: To review the association between infertility and sexual dysfunction and discuss current management strategies to address sexual disorders in couples with infertility...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871060/involvement-of-serum-glucocorticoid-regulated-kinase-1-in-reproductive-success
#17
REVIEW
Yiyun Lou, Minhao Hu, Luna Mao, Yingming Zheng, Fan Jin
Reproductive processes, in particular events that concern pregnancy, are fine-tuned to produce offspring. Reproductive success is of prime importance for the survival of every species. The highly conserved and ubiquitously expressed serum glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) was first implicated in infertility as a regulator of a Na(+) channel. In this review, we emphasize the prominent role of SGK1 during early pregnancy: 1) balancing uterine luminal fluid secretion and reabsorption to aid blastocyst adhesion and to import nutrients and energy; 2) transducing signals from the blastocyst to the receptive endometrium; 3) inducing multiple genes that are involved in uterine receptivity and trophoblast invasion; 4) regulating cell differentiation and antioxidant defenses at the fetomaternal interface; and 5) contributing to the proliferation and survival of decidual stromal cells...
November 9, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870555/initiative-for-standardization-of-reporting-genetics-of-male-infertility
#18
Eva Traven, Ana Ogrinc, Tanja Kunej
The number of publications on research of male infertility is increasing. Technologies used in research of male infertility generate complex results and various types of data that need to be appropriately managed, arranged, and made available to other researchers for further use. In our previous study, we collected over 800 candidate loci for male fertility in seven mammalian species. However, the continuation of the work towards a comprehensive database of candidate genes associated with different types of idiopathic human male infertility is challenging due to fragmented information, obtained from a variety of technologies and various omics approaches...
November 21, 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868389/monitoring-of-human-uterus-transplantation-with-cervical-biopsies-a-provisional-scoring-system-for-rejection
#19
J Mölne, V Broecker, J Ekberg, O Nilsson, P Dahm-Kähler, M Brännström
Until now, absolute uterine factor infertility has been the major untreatable form of female infertility. Recently, uterus transplantation has proven to be the first successful treatment for absolute uterine factor infertility, with demonstration of live births. Here, live donation uterus transplantation was performed in nine women. 163 cervical biopsies (149 protocol, 14 follow-up) were taken to detect histopathological signs of rejection. Based on experience from animal experiments, we used a three-grade scoring system to evaluate biopsies systematically...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868318/zika-virus-infection-and-biological-treatment-for-reproductive-medicine
#20
Joanne Kwak-Kim, Jeehey Song, Michael Woo-Il Kim, Alice Gilman-Sachs
The recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic is particularly challenging in the field of reproductive medicine as various biological tissues and byproducts, such as intravenous immunoglobulin G or cells are utilized during reproductive cycles, and an infected mother has an increased risk of having babies with fetal microcephaly and other congenital brain anomalies. In this review, current guidelines for prevention of sexual transmission of ZIKV, ZIKV testing, and tissue and blood product usages are summarized for physicians caring for those planning pregnancy or going through infertility treatment...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
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