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Lisuride and psychosis

J Schwarz, J Scherer, C Trenkwalder, P D Mozley, K Tatsch
We investigated the availability of dopamine reuptake sites in the striata of two patients with productive symptoms and neuroleptic therapy as well as progressive parkinsonism using the new dopamine transporter ligand [123I]N-(3-iodopropen-2-yl)-2beta-carbo-methoxy-3beta- (4-chlorophenyl)tropane (IPT) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Normal specific binding in the caudate nucleus was 8.6 +/- 1.2 and in the putamen 6.5 +/- 1.3 (mean +/- S.D.; n = 8; mean age, 56.7 years; range 41-67 years)...
July 15, 1998: Psychiatry Research
J L Martinot, M L Paillère-Martinot, C Loc'h, Y Lecrubier, M H Dao-Castellana, F Aubin, J F Allilaire, B Mazoyer, B Mazière, A Syrota
Most in vivo studies of striatal D2 receptor (SD2R) density with positron emission tomography in schizophrenia have attempted to relate this variable to the diagnosis of the illness. In the present study, a relationship between SD2R and clinical dimensions of this psychosis was searched for in a highly selected group of young negative schizophrenics (8 drug-naïve and 2 drug-free). The SD2R density index measured in vivo using 76Br-bromolisuride and PET correlated negatively (r = 0.80, P < 0.01) with a psychomotor dimension of schizophrenia involving blunted affect and alogia...
January 1994: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
T Akai, M Yamaguchi, E Mizuta, S Kuno
Behavioral effects of terguride, a partial dopamine D2 agonist, on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-lesioned parkinsonian cynomolgus monkeys were compared with those of the dopamine agonist apomorphine and the dopamine antagonist haloperidol. Terguride alone ameliorated the parkinsonism without inducing any sign of excitability, irritability, or aggressiveness (hyperactivity). Apomorphine alone also ameliorated the parkinsonism but induced marked hyperactivity. Haloperidol alone caused worsening of the parkinsonism, inducing transient eyelid closure...
May 1993: Annals of Neurology
S A Factor, E S Molho, G D Podskalny, D Brown
Drug-induced psychiatric states occur frequently in PD. In the prelevodopa era, depression and other psychiatric disorders were described in PD, but in untreated patients psychosis was rare. Since the development of levodopa and other pharmacological treatments for PD, however, psychotic symptoms have become much more common (10-50%). In some individuals these problems can be more disabling than the motor features of PD and, as a result, pose a serious threat to the patient's ability to maintain independence...
1995: Advances in Neurology
A Heinz, H Przuntek, G Winterer, A Pietzcker
We present the case reports of 11 Parkinsonian patients who developed acute psychosis under continuous dopaminergic stimulation. Psychopathologically, two of the patients mainly suffered from organic hallucinosis, while nine patients showed the clinical symptoms of delirium. The clinical course and psychopathological findings in these patients did not differ from other acute organic psychoses. However, the symptoms of these dopaminergically induced psychoses varied significantly from the psychopathological findings of paranoid schizophrenic patients who were regularly treated and evaluated in our clinic...
September 1995: Der Nervenarzt
B Boshes
Sinemet (a combination of levodopa with carbidopa, a dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor) has replaced levodopa for early treatment of parkinsonism. The blocking of the systemic uptake of dopamine has eliminated the previous complications of nausea, vomiting, and cardiac and respiratory arrhythmias; pyridoxine need not now be avoided. However, the earlier appearance of abnormal involuntary movements, hallucinations, occasional psychosis, and a dopa-resistant state limits treatment efficacy. In all-over experience the combination drug offers the best relief for rigidity and akinesia...
March 1981: Annals of Internal Medicine
P Critchley, D Parkes
The semisynthetic lisuride derivative transdihydrolisuride (terguride, TDHL) is an effective antiparkinsonian drug. In animals, TDHL appears to possess mixed dopamine agonist-antagonist effects, but this may not be the case in man. Single doses of TDHL were given to 21 subjects with parkinsonism. Overall, TDHL 0.25-0.5 mg caused dose-related improvement in parkinsonism for periods of up to 6 h, although 8 of 21 subjects showed no improvement or deterioration with TDHL 0.5-1 mg. In three patients with levodopa-induced psychosis, the addition of TDHL 0...
1987: Clinical Neuropharmacology
S Bittkau, H Przuntek
On-off fluctuations in longstanding Parkinson's disease initially respond well to a combined drug regime of Levodopa with direct dopamine agonists and L-deprenyl. L-Dopa infusions are efficient, but not applicable for longer use. S.c.-Lisuride-infusions reduce markedly motor-response fluctuations, dystonias and hyperkinesias, but bear the risk of inducing confusion or even psychosis. In patients with coexisting response fluctuations and psychiatric disturbances a therapeutic approach is outlined to preserve still some favourable effects on motor performance avoiding severe psychosis...
1988: Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementum
A Heinz, I Suchy, I Klewin, W Kuhn, P Klotz, H Przuntek
Twenty-nine patients with advanced Parkinson's disease were treated with subcutaneous lisuride infusion in addition to a basic therapy consisting of levodopa + PDI in all, and deprenyl in some patients. At the time of the report, 13 patients are still receiving lisuride infusion after 5-36 months, while 16 have dropped out after 0.5-30 months: one because of psychosis, three because of insufficient efficacy, three due to death unrelated to treatment, three because of difficulties in handling the pump as outpatients, and six for other reasons...
1992: Journal of Neural Transmission. Parkinson's Disease and Dementia Section
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