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pseudoexfoliation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660247/pulmonary-functions-in-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#1
Muhammed Batur, Erbil Seven, Merhamet Tanrıkulu, Selami Ekin, Serek Tekin, Tekin Yasar
OBJECTIVES: It is well known that pseudoexfoliative material deteriorates iris dilatation function. This material was also found in lung tissue. The aim of the study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with pseudoexfoliation. METHODS: This prospective study included 60 pseudoexfoliation syndrome patients without any pulmonary diseases and 52 age- and gender-matched controls without any pulmonary diseases. Patients were asked about their cigarette use and the presence of any systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, and asthma...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605284/refractive-outcomes-of-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-in-glaucoma-patients
#2
Niranjan Manoharan, Jennifer L Patnaik, Levi N Bonnell, Jeffrey R SooHoo, Mina B Pantcheva, Malik Y Kahook, Brandie D Wagner, Anne M Lynch, Leonard K Seibold
PURPOSE: To evaluate refractive outcomes after phacoemulsification cataract surgery in patients with glaucoma. SETTING: University of Colorado Health Eye Center, Aurora, Colorado, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The incidence of refractive surprise was evaluated in patients with and without glaucoma after phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Refractive surprise was defined as the difference in spherical equivalent of the refractive target and postoperative refraction in diopters (D)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592533/istent-inject-as-a-reasonable-alternative-procedure-following-failed-trabeculectomy
#3
Anja-Maria Davids, Milena Pahlitzsch, Alexander Boeker, Necip Torun, Eckart Bertelmann, Anna-Karina Maier-Wenzel, Annette Hager, Johannes Gonnermann, Matthias Klamann
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the intraocular pressure lowering effect and the performance of the glaucoma therapy of the iStent inject in glaucoma patients with uncontrolled intraocular pressure after failed trabeculectomy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, iStent inject implantation (Glaukos Corporation, Laguna Hills, CA, USA) was performed in 22 eyes of 21 subjects suffering from glaucoma (n = 18 primary open angle glaucoma, n = 3 pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, and n = 1 for secondary glaucoma) with an intraocular pressure above target pressure after failed trabeculectomy (mean = 9...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578890/static-and-dynamic-pupillary-characteristics-in-clinically-unilateral-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#4
Kemal Tekin, Mehmet Ali Sekeroglu, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Esat Yetkin, Sibel Doguizi, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To perform a comparison of static and dynamic pupillometry measurements in patients with clinically unilateral pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PES) and age-matched controls. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study consisted of 38 patients with unilateral PES and 40 control participants. A quantitative pupillometry system was used to evaluate the pupil characteristics of eyes with PES (Group 1), clinically unaffected fellow eyes (Group 2), and healthy eyes (Group 3)...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556090/cognitive-function-and-ophthalmological-diseases-the-beijing-eye-study
#5
Jost B Jonas, Wen Bin Wei, Li Ping Zhu, Liang Xu, Ya Xing Wang
To examine associations between cognitive function and ophthalmological parameters, the population-based Beijing Eye Study examined ophthalmologically and physically 3127 individuals (mean age: 64.2 ± 9.8 years). Using the mini-mental state examination, cognitive function was assessed as cognitive function score (CFS). Mean CFS was 26.3 ± 3.7 (median: 27; range: 2-30). Prevalence of mild (CFS: 23-19), moderate (CFS: 18-10) and severe cognitive dysfunction was 9.6% (95% confidence interval (CI): 8...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550933/clinical-risk-factors-associated-with-intraoperative-floppy-iris-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#6
Ilona A Kaczmarek, Marek E Prost, Jaromir Wasyluk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of and factors associated with intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) in patients undergoing cataract phacoemulsification. METHODS: In total, 319 eyes of 319 patients who underwent phacoemulsification with implantation of an intraocular lens (IOL) into the posterior chamber were included in this study. Direct injection of epinephrine into the anterior chamber was performed in all cases. The following patient information was collected: gender, age, axial length of the eye, presence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome, glaucoma, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, current use of medications including alpha1 adrenergic receptor antagonists (alpha1-ARAs), finasteride, and benzodiazepines, duration of intake of alpha1-ARAs and finasteride, and duration of the surgery...
March 17, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525617/intraocular-pressure-elevation-after-cataract-surgery-and-its-prevention-by-oral-acetazolamide-in-eyes-with-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#7
Ken Hayashi, Motoaki Yoshida, Tatsuhiko Sato, Shin-Ichi Manabe, Koichi Yoshimura
PURPOSE: To examine whether intraocular pressure (IOP) increases immediately after cataract surgery in eyes with pseudoexfoliation (PXF) syndrome and to assess whether orally administered acetazolamide can prevent the IOP elevation. SETTING: Hayashi Eye Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients with PXF syndrome scheduled for phacoemulsification were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: (1) oral acetazolamide administered 1 hour preoperatively (preoperative administration group), (2) administered 3 hours postoperatively (postoperative administration group), and (3) not administered (no administration group)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502616/supervised-resident-manual-small-incision-cataract-surgery-outcomes-at-large-urban-united-states-residency-training-program
#8
Ross Lynds, Brock Hansen, Preston H Blomquist, V Vinod Mootha
PURPOSE: To examine the outcomes of resident-performed manual small-incision cataract surgery (SICS) in an urban academic setting. SETTING: Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Manual SICS was used only in selected cases for which phacoemulsification was expected to be difficult, namely for mature or brunescent cataracts, traumatic cataracts, and pseudoexfoliation syndrome or other causes of zonular weakness...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483081/progressive-idiopathic-unilateral-corneal-endothelial-failure-of-unknown-aetiology-in-phakic-eyes
#9
Weng Hon Lee, Adrian Tey, Kevin Gales, Hardeep Singh Mudhar, Francisco C Figueiredo
AIM: To describe a cohort of patients with irreversible unilateral bullous keratopathy (BK) of undetermined aetiology. METHOD: Retrospective, single-centre case series in a tertiary corneal referral centre. RESULTS: Eleven consecutive patients (nine females; mean age 71.7 years) presented from 1999 to 2009 with acute onset unilateral visual loss. At presentation, the best-corrected visual acuity of the affected eyes was 6/9 or worse with mean central corneal thickness (CCT) of 684 (SD 66) μm...
February 26, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468206/severe-visual-loss-and-recovery-post-trabeculectomy-a-case-report
#10
Sana' Muhsen
Purpose: Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy and a leading cause of blindness. Neural losses from glaucoma are irreversible, and so the aim of glaucoma treatment is to slow progression and minimize the risk of further damage. Visual loss post filtration surgery in patients with advanced glaucomatous optic nerve damage is a rare but dreaded complication. Functional improvement is not expected. We report the case of a patient who experienced a significant loss of vision following glaucoma surgery that was followed by late visual recovery...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450398/cataract-surgery-outcome-in-patients-with-non-glaucomatous-pseudoexfoliation
#11
Praveen Venkatesha Sastry, Anuj Kumar Singal
Aim. To study the outcome of cataract surgery in eyes with pseudoexfoliation without signs of glaucoma. Methods. This prospective study was done over nine months on patients with pseudoexfoliation undergoing small incision cataract surgery. Only patients with normal intraocular pressure (Central Corneal Thickness Corrected), normal cup disc ratio and open angles were included. Patients on anti-glaucoma medication were excluded. Patients underwent surgery performed by a single senior surgeon. Intraoperative and postoperative day (POD) 1 findings were noted...
July 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448287/-significance-of-homocysteine-in-glaucoma
#12
Anselm Jünemann, Robert Rejdak, Bettina Hohberger
Endothelial dysfunction and vascular dysregulation play a role in the multifactorial pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic nerve atrophy. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for endothelial dysfunction and is associated with primary open-angle glaucoma as well as secondary open-angle glaucoma in the pseudoexfoliation syndrome. This paper reviews the literature on the association between homocysteine metabolism and glaucomatous disease and explains the possible role of hyperhomocysteinemia in the pathogenesis and progression of glaucoma...
February 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426445/evaluating-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-versus-argon-laser-trabeculoplasty-in-pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma-patients
#13
Jin Soo A Song, Jayme Vianna, Lesya Shuba, Paul Rafuse, Marcelo Nicolela
OBJECTIVE: Laser trabeculoplasty effectively reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) in primary open angle glaucoma, with argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT) and selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) showing equivalent outcomes. However, it is unclear which laser modality is more effective in pseudoexfoliation (PXE) glaucoma. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of ALT and SLT in PXE glaucoma. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: A chart review evaluating patients diagnosed with PXE glaucoma and treated with laser trabeculoplasty from 2005-2015...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425386/rotational-stability-of-monofocal-and-trifocal-intraocular-toric-lenses-with-identical-design-and-material-but-different-surface-treatment
#14
Kristof Vandekerckhove
PURPOSE: To compare the rotational stability, total misalignment, and visual and refractive outcomes achieved with a trifocal toric versus a monofocal toric intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: In this prospective, interventional case series, eyes of patients consecutively scheduled for cataract surgery who had clinically relevant astigmatism were implanted with a FineVision Pod FT trifocal toric IOL or an Ankoris monofocal toric IOL (both PhysIOL SA, Liège, Belgium)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398902/elevated-levels-of-plasma-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-patients-with-pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma
#15
Altaf A Kondkar, Taif A Azad, Faisal A Almobarak, Hatem Kalantan, Saleh A Al-Obeidan, Khaled K Abu-Amero
Background: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine, which plays a role in glaucomatous neurodegeneration. Based on the plausible role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEG), we investigated whether there is any relationship between the levels of plasma TNF-α and PEG or any of its clinical indices in comparison to normal controls. Methods: The study was designed as a retrospective analysis. Plasma samples from 49 PEG patients and 88 non-glaucomatous controls were evaluated for TNF-α levels using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375993/comparison-of-long-term-results-of-trabeculectomy-to-treat-pseudoexfoliative-glaucoma-and-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#16
Vuslat Pelitli Gürlü, Hande Güçlü, Altan Özal, Ömer Benian, Levent Alimgil
AIM: To compare the long term outcome of trabeculectomy in patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PEG) and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in terms of surgical success. METHODS: The success of the trabeculectomy was evaluated by three criteria. Criterion A: intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤21 mm Hg and decrease in IOP ≥20%; Criterion B: IOP ≤18 mm Hg and decrease in IOP ≥30%; Criterion C: IOP ≤15 mm Hg and decrease in IOP ≥50%. Patients that met these criteria without medical treatment were considered to be completely successful, while those that met these criteria with medical treatment were considered partially successful...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362155/pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-without-glaucoma-white-matter-abnormalities-detected-by-conventional-mri-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#17
Anastasia K Zikou, George Kitsos, Loukas G Astrakas, Vasileios G Xydis, Konstantinos Spiliopoulos, Eleni Bagli, Maria I Argyropoulou
PURPOSE: To assess macro- and microstructural brain changes in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive ophthalmic examination and brain MRI were conducted on 20 patients with PXS without glaucoma (aged 62.75 ± 0.4 years) and 20 controls (aged 62 ± 0.6 years). White matter (WM) integrity was evaluated on FLAIR and single-shot multisection SE-EPI diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) sequences. The presence and the number of white matter hyperintensities (WMHIs) on FLAIR images was compared between all patients and control subjects...
February 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335101/outcomes-and-complication-rates-of-primary-resident-performed-cataract-surgeries-at-a-large-tertiary-care-county-hospital
#18
Cameron Clarke, Shazia F Ali, Michael Murri, Saagar N Patel, Li Wang, Marie Tuft, Mitchell P Weikert, Zaina Al-Mohtaseb
PURPOSE: To identify the preoperative risk factors, intraoperative events, and postoperative complications increasing the risk for poor visual outcomes in resident-performed cataract surgeries at a tertiary-care county hospital. SETTING: Ben Taub General Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Resident-performed cataract surgeries were analyzed for risk factors, comorbidities, and intraoperative and postoperative complications...
December 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330811/a-nationwide-survey-of-factors-influencing-adherence-to-ocular-hypotensive-eyedrops-in-japan
#19
Toyoaki Tsumura, Kenji Kashiwagi, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Keiji Yoshikawa, Hirotaka Suzumura, Toshine Maeda, Ryuji Takeda, Hitomi Saito, Makoto Araie
INTRODUCTION: Few reports have investigated the status of adherence in Japan on a large scale. We aimed to investigate the status of adherence to topical glaucoma treatment and its associated factors. METHODS: A nationwide survey was conducted as a prospective fashion. Participants in this survey were subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma, normal-tension glaucoma, or ocular hypertension or pseudoexfoliation glaucoma who had been prescribed anti-glaucoma ophthalmic eyedrops and whose ophthalmologist considered prescribing any fixed combination of ocular hypotensive eyedrops for the first time between 2011 and 2012...
January 12, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329947/-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-and-pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma
#20
REVIEW
C Schweitzer
Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is an age-related systemic disease that mainly affects the anterior structures of the eye. Despite a worldwide distribution, reported incidence and prevalence of this syndrome vary widely between ethnicities and geographical areas. The exfoliative material is composed mainly of abnormal cross-linked fibrils that accumulate progressively in some organs such as the heart, blood vessels, lungs or meninges, and particularly in the anterior structures of the eye. The exact pathophysiological process still remains unclear but the association of genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role in the development and progressive extracellular accumulation of exfoliative material...
January 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
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