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Surgery ovarian cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242280/results-of-fertility-sparing-surgery-for-expansile-and-infiltrative-mucinous-ovarian-cancers
#1
Sebastien Gouy, Marine Saidani, Amandine Maulard, Slim Bach-Hamba, Enrica Bentivegna, Alexandra Leary, Patricia Pautier, Mojgan Devouassoux-Shisheboran, Catherine Genestie, Philippe Morice
BACKGROUND: No series had been reported focusing on the results of fertility-sparing surgery in stage I mucinous ovarian cancers according to histotype (infiltrative vs. expansile). Investigating such outcomes was the aim of the present study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a retrospective analysis of patients treated conservatively with preservation of the uterus and contralateral ovary from 1976 to 2016. The pathology of the tumors was reviewed by two expert pathologists according to the 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) classification criteria...
December 14, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242018/current-practice-in-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-for-metastatic-peritoneal-disease-spanish-multicentric-survey
#2
Rafael Morales-Soriano, Neus Esteve-Pérez, Juan José Segura-Sampedro, Pedro Cascales-Campos, Pedro Barrios
INTRODUCTION: Radical Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) with Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC), has been proposed as the current standard of treatment for metastatic peritoneal disease by several tumors. Despite its widely utilization, there seems to be a great variability in their organization, clinical practice, and safety among centers. AIM OF THE STUDY: To obtain updated information on clinical practice in different perioperative areas of the CRS-HIPEC...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240601/efficacy-of-transanal-drainage-tube-placement-after-modified-posterior-pelvic-exenteration-for-primary-ovarian-cancer
#3
Kazuyoshi Kato, Kohei Omatsu, Maki Matoda, Hidetaka Nomura, Sanshiro Okamoto, Hiroyuki Kanao, Kuniko Utsugi, Nobuhiro Takeshima
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of the placement of a transanal drainage tube (TDT) to prevent anastomotic leakage after a modified posterior pelvic exenteration (MPPE) for the treatment of primary ovarian cancer. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all the consecutive patients who had undergone an MPPE for primary ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer between October 2012 and November 2016 at our institution...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232471/cytoreductive-surgery-for-ovarian-cancer-quality-assessment
#4
A H Brand, P A DiSilvestro, J Sehouli, J S Berek
Surgery is the cornerstone of treatment of ovarian cancer. Given the importance of achieving no or minimal macroscopic residual disease at primary surgery, performing an assessment of the quality of ovarian cancer surgery is crucial. Assessing the quality of care and surgical outcome allows us to establish baseline information, set standards of care and clear priorities, enable benchmarking against peers, and sustain quality improvement. We know that suboptimal care exists and variation in outcomes results...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232469/acquired-chemotherapy-resistance-in-ovarian-cancer
#5
E L Christie, D D L Bowtell
Most women diagnosed with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) develop recurrent disease and chemotherapy resistance, despite initially responding to treatment. The genomic characteristics of HGSC samples collected at initial surgery have been extensively studied. However, due to challenges of sample collection following treatment, much less is known about the molecular features of recurrent disease. Our recent studies have identified mechanisms of acquired resistance and biomarkers in recurrent HGSCs that could lead to improved treatment approaches...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232464/treatment-of-recurrent-ovarian-cancer
#6
S Pignata, S C Cecere, A Du Bois, P Harter, F Heitz
Despite optimal surgery and appropriate first-line chemotherapy, ∼70%-80% of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer will develop disease relapse. The same modalities as used primarily are available for treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). The rationale for repetitive surgery in ROC was based on a stable body of retrospective data; however, prospective data were missing. Now, preliminary data from the prospective AGO-DESKTOP III give evidence that surgery for ROC seems to be of benefit for selected patients with platinum-sensitive relapse undergoing complete resection...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231918/-systemic-treatment-of-early-breast-cancer-current-state-of-knowledge-after-the-conference-st-gallen-2017
#7
REVIEW
Tomasz Sarosiek
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women around the globe. It is also the world's first cause of female deaths from cancer. With the introduction of screening programs in most developed countries, more and more cases of this cancer are diagnosed at local or localized stages, enabling radical treatment to be successful. At the same time, systemic treatment of early breast cancer is one of the most complex issues in clinical oncology. Because of the many prognostic factors that need to be taken into account when considering eligibility for treatment such as age, reproductive status (before or after menopause), type of cancer and severity of the disease, it is impossible to establish clear standards of conduct for many clinical situations...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230120/the-relationship-between-regional-anesthesia-and-cancer-a-metaanalysis
#8
REVIEW
Ravi K Grandhi, Samuel Lee, Alaa Abd-Elsayed
Background: Some studies have suggested using epidural analgesia after cancer surgery to reduce metastasis. This article examines the relationship between regional anesthesia (RA) and cancer metastasis in an array of cancers. Methods: We conducted a review of the literature using PubMed and included 67,577 patients across 28 studies in a metaanalysis, evaluating the hazard ratios (HRs) of overall survival, recurrence-free survival, and biochemical recurrence-free survival...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226858/the-clinical-significance-of-the-combined-detection-of-serum-smac-he4-and-ca125-in-endometriosis-associated-ovarian-cancer
#9
Xin-Ran Xu, Xin Wang, Hong Zhang, Ming-Yan Liu, Qi Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical significance of serum Smac, HE4 and CA125 alone or combined for detecting endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer (EAOC). METHODS: The level of serum Smac, HE4 and CA125 in 40 healthy controls, 40 cases of benign endometriosis ovarian tumor, and 60 cases of EAOC were detected by ELISA and electrochemical immune method. RESULTS: Serum Smac expression level was significantly lower in the EAOC group than in the control group and benign ovarian tumor group (P< 0...
November 30, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209897/adaptation-of-couples-living-with-a-high-risk-of-breast-ovarian-cancer-and-the-association-with-risk-reducing-surgery
#10
Rachel Shapira, Erin Turbitt, Lori H Erby, Barbara B Biesecker, William M P Klein, Gillian W Hooker
Women who carry BRCA1/2 mutations have a significantly elevated risk for breast and ovarian cancer. The positive test result and subsequent decisions about risk reducing behaviors can evoke distress, anxiety and worry. Psychological adaptation, or the process of coming to terms with the implications of a health threat, is an understudied construct in BRCA1/2 carriers. Little is known about adaptation and how it relates to other aspects of living at high risk for cancer. Even less is understood about adaptation among partners of BRCA1/2 carriers, and its relationship to adaptation in high risk individuals...
December 5, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207007/fertility-preservation-in-women-harboring-deleterious-brca-mutations-ready-for-prime-time
#11
Fedro Alessandro Peccatori, Giorgia Mangili, Alice Bergamini, Francesca Filippi, Fabio Martinelli, Federica Ferrari, Stefania Noli, Emanuela Rabaiotti, Massimo Candiani, Edgardo Somigliana
Fertility issues have become critical in the management and counseling of BRCA mutation carriers. In this setting four points deserve consideration. (1) Women in general lose their ability to conceive at a mean age of 41 years, thus the suggested policy of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at age 40 for BRCA mutation carriers does not affect the chances of natural pregnancy. Conversely, if the procedure is chosen at 35 years old, oocyte cryopreservation prior to surgery should be considered. (2) Some evidence suggests that ovarian reserve may actually be partly reduced in BRCA mutations carriers and that the mutation may affect ovarian responsiveness to stimulation...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203996/metachronous-synchronous-sternal-and-colonic-metastasis-with-asymptomatic-colo-colic-fistula-from-carcinoma-ovary-rare-presentation-of-ovarian-cancer
#12
Srinivas K G, Abid Ali Mirza, Shivananda Swamy, Amarendra S, Gopinath Ks
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecological cancers worldwide. It is the third leading cause of cancer among women in India. Metastatic disease to the visceral organs from ovarian cancer occurs as a terminal event in the natural history of the disease. In particular, spread to the bone and large bowel is infrequently described. The risk of distant metastasis increases in a recurrent setting. We describe a case of a 77-year-old lady, who was diagnosed for ovarian carcinoma in 2007 and underwent primary cytoreductive surgery, stage IIIc...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203987/ovarian-cancer-in-young-women
#13
Eileen Lalrinpuii, Pallipuram Seshadrinathan Bhageerathy, Ajit Sebastian, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, VinothaThomas, Anitha Thomas, Rachel Chandy, Abraham Peedicayil
It is not clear how often epithelial tumours affect young women. This study aimed to evaluate the clinico-pathological pattern and survival outcome of women, 40 years and younger, with cancer ovary. Women 40 years and younger, operated between 2008 and 2012 for ovarian cancer, were retrospectively recruited and followed up. The study design was descriptive as well as a survival analysis. A hybrid of retrospective and prospective cohort design was used for risk factor analysis. Of the 115 women less than 40 years being operated for probable ovarian cancer, 22 were excluded for various reasons...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200691/a-case-report-of-newly-diagnosed-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma-presenting-with-spontaneous-tumor-lysis-syndrome-and-its-successful-management-with-rasburicase
#14
Deepak Kumar Shukla, Dinesh Gupta, Arun Aggarwal, Deepak Kumar
Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS) commonly occurs in hematological malignancies, but it is very rare in patients with a solid tumor. In cases of solid tumors, TLS usually occurs spontaneously or after the initiation of anticancer therapy, and it has a high mortality rate. This syndrome consists of a constellation of laboratory findings such as hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia known as laboratory TLS. When clinical complications such as seizures, acute renal failure, and cardiac dysrhythmias occur in patients with laboratory TLS, the syndrome is called clinical TLS...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198495/prognostic-value-of-peritoneal-cancer-index-in-primary-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#15
Antoni Llueca, Javier Escrig
BACKGROUND: Effective tumor debulking is a major factor associated with a favorable prognosis in patients with advanced ovarian cancer (AOC). However, FIGO staging fails to take full account of the extent of the disease in the peritoneum, making it difficult to plan appropriate surgical treatment. In contrast, the peritoneal cancer index (PCI) can provide more detailed information about peritoneal spread. METHOD: We evaluated the prognostic value of PCI and its association with clinicopathological features in patients with AOC...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198423/fertility-protection-complications-of-surgery-and-results-of-removal-and-transplantation-of-ovarian-tissue
#16
Matthias W Beckmann, Ralf Dittrich, Laura Lotz, Karin van der Ven, Hans H van der Ven, Jana Liebenthron, Matthias Korell, Torsten Frambach, Marc Sütterlin, Roxana Schwab, Stefan Seitz, Andreas Müller, Michael von Wolff, Felix Häberlin, Melanie Henes, Katharina Winkler-Crepaz, Jan S Krüssel, Ariane Germeyer, Bettina Toth
Fertility-preserving measures are becoming important for patients receiving oncological treatment. One method involves cryopreservation of ovarian tissue and transplanting it when treatment is completed. We report complications resulting from surgical and fertility medicine, and the results of procedures for the removal and transplantation of ovarian tissue carried out within the FertiProtekt network. A survey using a structured questionnaire was conducted among the FertiProtekt network centres between November 2015 and June 2016...
November 9, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198336/fertility-management-for-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-patients
#17
REVIEW
Chiara Di Tucci, Assunta Casorelli, Elisa Morrocchi, Innocenza Palaia, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
Malignant Germ Cell Tumors have primarily affecting adolescents and young adults. In advanced disease, greater than 70% of patients can be cured with standard chemotherapy regimens and fertility-sparing surgery appears to be safe with excellent survival after long-term follow-up. Due to their rarity, follow up and fertility management is largely based on trials of epithelial ovarian cancer or on few small studies. We report a review of the literature studies about the assessment, the monitoring and the treatment of fertility for Malignant Germ Cell Tumors as pratical guidelines for management of fertility in these patients...
December 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195926/clinicopathologic-characteristics-associated-with-long-term-survival-in-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-an-nrg-oncology-gynecologic-oncology-group-ancillary-data-study
#18
C A Hamilton, A Miller, Y Casablanca, N S Horowitz, B Rungruang, T C Krivak, S D Richard, N Rodriguez, M J Birrer, F J Backes, M A Geller, M Quinn, M J Goodheart, D G Mutch, J J Kavanagh, G L Maxwell, M A Bookman
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinicopathologic factors associated with 10-year overall survival in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and primary peritoneal cancer (PPC), and to develop a predictive model identifying long-term survivors. METHODS: Demographic, surgical, and clinicopathologic data were abstracted from GOG 182 records. The association between clinical variables and long-term survival (LTS) (>10years) was assessed using multivariable regression analysis. Bootstrap methods were used to develop predictive models from known prognostic clinical factors and predictive accuracy was quantified using optimism-adjusted area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC)...
November 28, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192414/outcomes-of-patients-with-advanced-stage-ovarian-cancer-with-intestinal-metastasis
#19
Eyüp Kebapcı, Varol Gülseren, Cem Tuğmen, Mehmet Gökçü, Ulaş Solmaz, İsmail Sert, Mustafa Kocaer, Mehmet Özer, Mustafa Ölmez, Muzaffer Sancı
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of advanced stage (stage IIIB-IVB) ovarian cancer (OC) patients with intestinal metastasis, and to investigate the factors that affect survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery (CS) for FIGO stage IIIB-IVB OC with metastasis in the intestinal system, at Tepecik Research and Treatment Hospital between 2008-2014, were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with borderline ovarian tumor; those who had previously undergone radiation therapy and/or hysterectomy and patients having secondary or tertiary cytoreduction were excluded and 49 patients were included and analyzed in this study...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190211/identification-and-management-of-familial-breast-cancer-in-austria
#20
REVIEW
Christian F Singer, Yen Y Tan, Christine Rappaport
Aim The aim of this study is to review the legal implications, the technology, the indications and the management of women with a familial background of breast and/or ovarian cancer. Methods We have reviewed the literature and national Austrian guidelines to describe the uptake of genetic counseling and the management options offered in Austria. Results Genetic testing for the BRCA1 and 2 mutations is free and readily available through a nation-wide program. Increased awareness and the availability of screening programs and prophylactic surgery have resulted in a profound increase in genetic counseling and testing in women with a familial background of breast and ovarian cancer in Austria...
November 30, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
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