keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thoracic nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174000/the-michigan-surgical-home-and-optimization-program-is-a-scalable-model-to-improve-care-and-reduce-costs
#1
Michael J Englesbe, Dane R Grenda, June A Sullivan, Brian A Derstine, Brooke N Kenney, Kyle H Sheetz, William C Palazzolo, Nicholas C Wang, Rebecca L Goulson, Jay S Lee, Stewart C Wang
BACKGROUND: The Michigan Surgical Home and Optimization Program is a structured, home-based, preoperative training program targeting physical, nutritional, and psychological guidance. The purpose of this study was to determine if participation in this program was associated with reduced hospital duration of stay and health care costs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single center, cohort study evaluating patients who participated in the Michigan Surgical Home and Optimization Program and subsequently underwent major elective general and thoracic operative care between June 2014 and December 2015...
February 4, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124422/survival-of-two-dogs-with-pyothorax-secondary-to-perforating-oesophageal-foreign-body
#2
C Boyd, M Claus, G Hosgood, L Smart
CASE REPORT: Two dogs with an oesophageal foreign body (FB) were diagnosed with secondary pyothorax at the time of presentation. One dog was managed with surgical FB removal, pleural lavage and thoracostomy tube placement. Following surgery, it was admitted to the intensive care unit for oxygen therapy, antimicrobial and analgesic administration, fluid therapy, thoracic drainage and enteral nutrition. The other dog was managed with endoscopic FB removal, thoracostomy tube placement with continuous suction, and similar aftercare in the intensive care unit...
January 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108405/defects-of-the-vertebral-endplate-implications-for-disc-degeneration-depend-on-size
#3
Uruj Zehra, Luke Flower, Katharine Robson-Brown, Michael A Adams, Patricia Dolan
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Bony vertebral endplates must be porous to allow metabolite transport into the disc, and yet strong to resist high intradiscal pressure. Endplate defects may therefore have nutritional and mechanical consequences for the disc, depending on their size and type. We hypothesise that broad, diffuse defects are more closely associated with disc decompression and degeneration than are focal Schmorl's node-type defects. PURPOSE: To determine how the size and type of endplate defects are related to decompression and degeneration in the adjacent intervertebral disc...
January 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105355/evaluation-of-prognostic-markers-for-patients-with-curatively-resected-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#4
Masahide Ikeguchi, Yusuke Kouno, Kyoichi Kihara, Kazunori Suzuki, Kanenori Endo, Seiichi Nakamura, Takashi Sawada, Tetsu Shimizu, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Yoji Fukumoto, Hiroaki Saito
The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are prognostic parameters for malignancies. Additionally, serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) and cytokeratin 19 fragments (CYFRA 21-1) are tumor markers for squamous cell carcinoma. In the present study, the prognostic importance of these markers in patients with resectable thoracic esophageal cancer was investigated. In this retrospective study, 84 enrolled patients diagnosed with resectable clinical stage I-III thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) underwent thoracic esophageal resection and three-field lymph node dissection at Tottori University Hospital between January 2007 and December 2013...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068308/the-association-between-weight-height-and-head-circumference-reconsidered
#5
Christiane Scheffler, Holle Greil, Michael Hermanussen
BACKGROUND: Under normal nutritional and health conditions, body height, weight and head circumference are significantly related. We hypothesize that the apparent general association between weight, height and head circumference of the growing child might be misleading. METHODS: We re-analyzed data of 7444 boys and 7375 girls measured in East-Germany between 1986 and 1990, aged from 0 to 7 years with measurements of body length/height, leg length, sitting height, biacromial shoulder breadth, thoracic breadth, thoracic depth, thoracic circumference, body weight, head volume, percentage of body fat, and hip skinfold vertical, using principal component analysis...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043487/the-difficulties-of-childhood-tuberculosis-diagnosis
#6
A M Djouahra, M Ifticene, D Yala, F Boulahbal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The WHO estimate that 8.8millions new cases of tuberculosis occurred in 2010, (between 8.5 and 9.2millions) linked to 1.45millions death cases. The load of children tuberculosis is estimated at 10-15 per cent of the total load. In 2014 more than one million children have developed the disease. The children just as adults are exposed to contract and develop the multi resistant forms of the tuberculosis, constituting a major issue for the disease control. The children less than 5years of age are the most exposed to present the most serious and more often deadly forms of the illness...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973944/a-population-based-study-of-smoking-serum-cotinine-and-exhaled-nitric-oxide-among-asthmatics-and-a-healthy-population-in-the-usa
#7
Xiaohui Xu, Hui Hu, Gregory D Kearney, Haidong Kan, Genny Carrillo, Xinguang Chen
BACKGROUND: Fractional concentration of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is recommended by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) as a noninvasive biomarker of airway inflammation. In addition to inflammation, many factors may be associated with FeNO, particularly tobacco exposure; however, only age has been included as an influential factor for children below 12 years. Numerous studies have demonstrated negative associations between tobacco exposure and FeNO levels with self-reported data, but few with an objective assessment of smoking...
December 2016: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876563/preoperative-optimization-of-the-heart-failure-patient-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Maxime Pichette, Mark Liszkowski, Anique Ducharme
Heart failure patients who undergo cardiac surgery are exposed to significant perioperative complications and high mortality. We herein review the literature concerning preoperative optimization of these patients. Salient findings are that end-organ dysfunction and medication should be optimized before surgery. Specifically: (1) reversible causes of anemia should be treated and a preoperative hemoglobin level of 100 g/L obtained; (2) renal function and volume status should be optimized; (3) liver function must be carefully evaluated; (4) nutritional status should be assessed and cachexia treated to achieve a preoperative albumin level of at least 30 g/L and a body mass index > 20; and (5) medication adjustments performed, such as withholding inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system before surgery and continuing, but not starting, β-blockers...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863203/safflower-catharmus-tinctorius-l-oil-supplementation-in-overnourished-rats-during-early-neonatal-development-effects-on-heart-and-liver-function-in-the-adult
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Laís Ribeiro Costa, Patrícia Cavalcanti Macêdo, Janatar Stella Vasconcelos de Melo, Cristiane Moura Freitas, Aiany Simoes Alves, Humberto de Moura Barbosa, Eduardo Lira, Mariana Pinheiro Fernandes, Manuella Batista-de-Oliveira-Hornsby, Claudia Lagranha
Carthamus tinctorius L. (common name: safflower) is an herb whose extracted oil (safflower oil) has been employed in both alternative and conventional medicine in the treatment of disease. Overnutrition during early postnatal life can increase the lifetime risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Here we investigate the effect of safflower oil supplementation given during a critical early developmental stage on the eventual occurrence of metabolic disease in overnourished rats. Groups of overnourished or adequately nourished rats were randomly assigned into 2 additional groups for supplementation with either safflower oil (SF) or vehicle for 7 to 30 days...
December 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862613/naso-esophageal-extraluminal-drainage-for-postoperative-anastomotic-leak-after-thoracic-esophagectomy-for-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#10
Kiyohiko Shuto, Tsuguaki Kono, Yasunori Akutsu, Masaya Uesato, Mikito Mori, Kenichi Matsuo, Chihiro Kosugi, Atsushi Hirano, Kuniya Tanaka, Shinich Okazumi, Keiji Koda, Hisahiro Matsubara
Postoperative anastomotic leaks and subsequent mediastinal abscess are serious complications. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of naso-esophageal extraluminal drainage after thoracic esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction using a posterior mediastinal route. About 50 of 365 patients (13.7%) with esophageal cancer and postoperative anastomotic leak after curative esophagectomy was investigated. Beginning in June 2009, naso-esophageal extraluminal drainage by inserting a naso-esophageal aspiration tube into the abscess cavity when percutaneous abscess drainage was introduced which was ineffective or technically impossible...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805991/treatment-of-spontaneous-esophageal-rupture-with-transnasal-thoracic-drainage-and-temporary-esophageal-stent-and-jejunal-feeding-tube-placement
#11
Gang Wu, Yan Shi Zhao, Yi Fang, Yu Qi, Xiangnan Li, Dechao Jiao, Kewei Ren, Xinwei Han
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus is a rare but life-threatening thoracic emergency, with high rates of clinical misdiagnosis and mortality. This article summarizes our experience in the treatment of spontaneous esophageal rupture with transnasal thoracic drainage and temporary esophageal stent and jejunal feeding tube placement. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the medical records of 19 patients with spontaneous esophageal rupture treated using our intervention protocol...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784355/-chylothorax-related-with-dasatinib-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-report-of-3-cases
#12
Lan Yang, Na Lu, Yu Jing, Li Yu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features and prognosis of chylothorax related with dasatinib in treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia(CML). METHODS: The clinical data from 3 cases of CML with chylothorax after the treatment with dasatinib were collected. The clinical characteristics were analyzed and compared in the light of published literatures. RESULTS: They were treated with imatinib 400 mg once daily after diagnosing the illness as CML...
October 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778075/risk-factors-for-anastomotic-stricture-post-esophagectomy-with-a-standardized-sutured-anastomosis
#13
Zuhair Ahmed, Jessie A Elliott, Sinead King, Claire L Donohoe, Narayanasamy Ravi, John V Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Benign anastomotic strictures occur frequently after esophagectomy, and impact on postoperative recovery, nutritional status, and quality of life. This large cohort study explored the incidence of stricture after transthoracic (2- and 3-stage) and transhiatal resections with uniform single-layer sutured anastomotic technique, and aimed to identify independent risk factors. METHODS: Patients undergoing esophagectomy with gastric conduit reconstruction between February 2001 and October 2014 were studied prospectively...
October 24, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727026/best-practice-for-perioperative-management-of-patients-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec
#14
REVIEW
C Raspé, L Flöther, R Schneider, M Bucher, P Piso
Due to the significantly improved outcome and quality of life of patients with different tumor entities after cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and HIPEC, there is an increasing number of centers performing CRS and HIPEC procedures. As this procedure is technically challenging with potential high morbidity and mortality, respectively, institutional experience also in the anesthetic and intensive care departments is essential for optimal treatment and prevention of adverse events. Clinical pathways have to be developed to achieve also good results in more comorbid patients with border line indications and extensive surgical procedures...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725628/thoracic-duct-chylous-fistula-following-severe-electric-injury-combined-with-sulfuric-acid-burns-a-case-report
#15
Fei Chang, Dasheng Cheng, Mingyuan Qian, Wei Lu, Huatao Li, Hongtai Tang, Zhaofan Xia
BACKGROUND As patients with thoracic duct injuries often suffer from severe local soft tissue defects, integrated surgical treatment is needed to achieve damage repair and wound closure. However, thoracic duct chylous fistula is rare in burn patients, although it typically involves severe soft tissue damage in the neck or chest. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old male patient fell after accidentally contacting an electric current (380 V) and knocked over a barrel of sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid continuously poured onto his left neck and chest, causing combined electrical and sulfuric acid burn injuries to his anterior and posterior torso, and various parts of his limbs (25% of his total body surface area)...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680069/-application-of-bundles-of-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-carcinoma-anastomotic-leak
#16
Wenze Tian, Zhongwu Hu, Jian Ji, Dafu Xu, Zhenbing You, Wei Guo, Keping Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application of bundles of intervention in the treatment of esophageal carcinoma anastomotic leak. METHODS: From January 2014 to May 2015, 44 cases of esophageal carcinoma anastomotic fistula were treated by bundles of intervention (through the collection of a series of evidence-based treatment and care measures for the treatment of diseases) in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Huai'an First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University (bundles of intervention group), and 68 patients with esophageal carcinoma postoperative anastomotic leak from December 2013 to January 2012 receiving traditional therapy were selected as the control group...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599460/the-pretreatment-controlling-nutritional-status-conut-score-is-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-resectable-thoracic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-results-from-a-retrospective-study
#17
Takahiro Toyokawa, Naoshi Kubo, Tatsuro Tamura, Katsunobu Sakurai, Ryosuke Amano, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kazuya Muguruma, Masakazu Yashiro, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score on survival compared with the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) in patients with resectable thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: One hundred eighty-five consecutive patients who underwent subtotal esophagectomy with curative intent for resectable thoracic ESCC were retrospectively reviewed...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559257/factors-influencing-compliance-to-radical-treatment-of-middle-thoracic-esophageal-cancer-an-audit-from-a-regional-cancer-centre
#18
Rakesh Kapoor, Anshuma Bansal, Shikhar Kumar, Ravi Teja Miriyala
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify the factors responsible for interruption of planned treatment in patients of carcinoma mid-thoracic esophagus and also discuss the strategies for improving treatment completion rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with nonmetastatic mid-thoracic esophageal cancer who received treatment by multimodality approach using chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Factors influencing compliance with planned treatment completion were evaluated, and their significance was determined using multivariate Cox regression analysis...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555617/residual-volume-and-total-lung-capacity-to-assess-reversibility-in-obstructive-lung-disease
#19
Conor T McCartney, Melissa N Weis, Gregg L Ruppel, Ravi P Nayak
BACKGROUND: Reversibility of obstructive lung disease is traditionally defined by changes in FEV1 or FVC in response to bronchodilators. These may not fully reflect changes due to a reduction in hyperinflation or air-trapping, which have important clinical implications. To date, only a handful of studies have examined bronchodilators' effect on lung volumes. The authors sought to better characterize the response of residual volume and total lung capacity to bronchodilators. METHODS: Responsiveness of residual volume and total lung capacity to bronchodilators was assessed with a retrospective analysis of pulmonary function tests of 965 subjects with obstructive lung disease as defined by the lower limit of normal based on National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey III prediction equations...
November 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507070/associations-between-body-composition-physical-capabilities-and-pulmonary-function-in-healthy-older-adults
#20
L Schweitzer, C Geisler, M Johannsen, C-C Glüer, M J Müller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are positive associations between pulmonary function (PF) and fat-free mass as well as muscle strength. Contrarily, negative associations were found with indirect measures of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). We aimed to differentiate between associations of body composition and PF by assessing mediating and moderating effects of physical capabilities. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional data were assessed among 40 healthy, free-living elderly (20 males) aged 65...
August 10, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
55596
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"