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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775451/-recurrent-urolithiasis-as-a-symptom-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-a-16-year-old-boy
#1
Monika Wojciechowska, Beata Bieniaś, Aleksandra Sobieszczańska-Droździel, Anna Wieczorkiewicz-Płaza, Iwona Beń-Skowronek, Przemysław Sikora
Primary hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases, however, it is rare in children. In most cases, it is caused by adenoma of these organs. Its most common complications include urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and osteoporosis. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old patient was admitted to our Clinic because of his first-ever renal colic. The ultrasound examination revealed rightsided hydronephrosis caused by the presence of 9 mm stone in the upper part of the right ureter. In addition, the presence of 8 mm stone in the middle calyx of the left kidney was found...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774053/postherpes-simplex-encephalitis-a-case-series-of-viral-triggered-autoimmunity-synaptic-autoantibodies-and-response-to-therapy
#2
Harry Alexopoulos, Sofia Akrivou, Sotiria Mastroyanni, Maria Antonopoulou, Argirios Dinopoulos, Melpo Giorgi, Kostas Konstantinou, Evangelos Kouremenos, Maria Lariou, Dimitrios Naoumis, Efterpi Pavlidou, Evaggelos Pavlou, Konstantinos Voudris, Panayotis Vlachoyiannopoulos, Marinos C Dalakas
Background: Recent evidence suggests that patients with herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis may relapse because of autoimmunity against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). We present a case series of post-HSV relapsing encephalopathy associated with antibodies to central nervous system (CNS) synaptic antigens. Patient/Methods: Sera and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from five patients with HSV encephalitis who relapsed after antiviral therapy were tested for anti-NMDAR, gamma-aminobutyric acid b receptor (GABAbR), α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR), Leucine-rich, glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1), anti -contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) and dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein-6 (DDPX) antibodies using cell-based assays...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774008/repeated-endovascular-treatment-of-early-recurrent-proximal-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-case-report-and-brief-review-of-the-literature
#3
Simon Fandler, Hannes Deutschmann, Franz Fazekas, Thomas Gattringer
Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is the gold standard treatment for large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke of the anterior circulation. Whether MT can also be effectively and safely performed in early recurrent LVO is largely unclear. We present the case of a middle-aged patient who was successfully treated by MT for right proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion with excellent outcome. One day after discharge (9 days after the first MT), the patient was readmitted with wake-up stroke. MRI again revealed right proximal MCA occlusion with severe diffusion-perfusion mismatch...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770557/developing-a-set-of-consensus-indicators-to-support-maternity-service-quality-improvement-using-core-outcome-set-methodology-including-a-delphi-process
#4
Kathryn J Bunch, Benjamin Allin, Matthew Jolly, Tom Hardie, Marian Knight
OBJECTIVE: To develop a core metric set to monitor the quality of maternity care. DESIGN: Delphi process followed by a face-to-face consensus meeting. SETTING: English Maternity units. POPULATION: Three representative expert panels: service designers, providers and users. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternity care metrics judged important by participants. METHODS: Participants were asked to complete a two phase Delphi process, scoring metrics from existing local maternity dashboards...
May 16, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769481/a-case-of-thoracic-endometriosis-syndrome-presenting-with-recurrent-catamenial-pneumothorax
#5
Shoaib Z Junejo, Sandeep Singh Lubana, Sukhdip Singh Shina, Sandeep Singh Tuli
BACKGROUND Catamenial pneumothorax (CP) is a spontaneous pneumothorax commonly associated with menstrual periods. Endometrial tissues most commonly involve the pelvic region. However, after the pelvis, the lungs are most frequently involved. Thoracic endometriosis should always be suspected in young women presenting with CP. CASE REPORT A 30-year-old woman with history of endometriosis presented with chief complaint of umbilical pain. A computerized tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and pelvis was performed, which showed an incidental finding of a large right-sided pneumothorax...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766133/trauma-transitional-care-coordination-protecting-the-most-vulnerable-trauma-patients-from-hospital-readmission
#6
Erin C Hall, Rebecca Tyrrell, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
Background: Unplanned hospital readmissions increase healthcare costs and patient morbidity. We hypothesized that a program designed to reduce trauma readmissions would be effective. Methods: A Trauma Transitional Care Coordination (TTCC) program was created to support patients at high risk for readmission. TTCC interventions included call to patient (or caregiver) within 72 hours of discharge to identify barriers to care, complete medication reconciliation, coordination of appointments, and individualized problem solving...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761151/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-as-palliative-treatment-a-challenging-case-report
#7
Helena Ribeiro, Richard Azevedo, Ana Caldeira, Rui Sousa, Eduardo Pereira, António Banhudo
We report the case of an 88-year-old female with obstructive jaundice due to a periampullary tumor. The patient developed acute cholangitis and consequent clinical deterioration, so it was decided to perform palliative biliary drainage. Due to duodenal tumor invasion, it was not possible to perform endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. A different approach was attempted and it was decided to carry out an endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy. This procedure was performed with a linear echoendoscope, and using a duodenal bulbar approach, a fistula was created between the bulb and the common bile duct...
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756634/external-validation-of-the-80-score-and-comparison-with-three-clinical-scores-identifying-patients-at-least-75-years-old-at-risk-of-unplanned-readmission-within-30-days-after-discharge
#8
Camille Schwab, Alexis Le Moigne, Christine Fernandez, Pierre Durieux, Brigitte Sabatier, Virginie Korb-Savoldelli
AIM OF THE STUDY: A potentially avoidable readmission is an unplanned readmission occurring within 30 days of discharge. As 20% of hospitalised elderly patients are rehospitalised as an unplanned readmission, it is necessary to identify with a clinical score those patients who are at risk of readmission and need discharge interventions as a priority. The main objective of this study was to externally validate and compare the 80+ score with the three other scores predicting the risk of unplanned readmission...
May 14, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751961/recurrent-hospitalizations-for-severe-hypoglycemia-and-hyperglycemia-among-u-s-adults-with-diabetes
#9
Rozalina G McCoy, Jeph Herrin, Kasia J Lipska, Nilay D Shah
AIMS: Examine 30-day readmissions for recurrent hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia in a national cohort of adults with diabetes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data from OptumLabs Data Warehouse for all adults with diabetes hospitalized January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2014 with a principal diagnosis of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. We examined the rates and risk factors of 30-day readmissions for hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. RESULTS: After 6419 index hypoglycemia hospitalizations, 1...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750684/impact-of-30-day-readmission-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#10
Saurabh Gupta, Rebecca J Cogswell, Samit S Roy, John R Spratt, Kenneth K Liao, Cindy M Martin, Ranjit John
Early readmission (within 30 days) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation might be a marker for increased mortality. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 277 adults who underwent continuous-flow LVAD implantation from 2005 through 2015 at our institution. The baseline characteristics of patients who were (versus were not) readmitted within 30 days after LVAD implantation were compared. To assess the impact of 30 day readmission on long-term survival, we used multivariate Cox regression...
May 7, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746348/homeless-status-postdischarge-health-care-utilization-and-readmission-after-surgery
#11
Ashley Titan, Laura Graham, Amy Rosen, Kamal Itani, Laurel A Copeland, Hillary J Mull, Edith Burns, Joshua Richman, Stefan Kertesz, Tyler Wahl, Melanie Morris, Jeffery Whittle, Gordon Telford, Mark Wilson, Mary Hawn
INTRODUCTION: Homeless Veterans are vulnerable to poor care transitions, yet little research has examined their risk of readmission following inpatient surgery. This study investigates the predictors of surgical readmission among homeless relative to housed Veteran patients. METHODS: Inpatient general, vascular, and orthopedic surgeries occurring in the Veterans Health Administration from 2008 to 2014 were identified. Administrative International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes and Veterans Health Administration clinic stops were used to identify homeless patients...
June 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745979/trends-etiologies-and-predictors-of-90-day-readmission-after-percutaneous-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Hafeez Ul Hassan Virk, Byomesh Tripathi, Shuchita Gupta, Akanksha Agrawal, Sandeep Dayanand, Faisal Inayat, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Ali Raza Ghani, Mohammad Nour Zabad, Parasuram Melarcode Krishnamoorthy, Aman Amanullah, Gregg Pressman, Christian Witzke, Sean Janzer, Jon George, Sanjog Kalra, Vincent Figueredo
Percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVADs) are indicated to provide hemodynamic support in high-risk percutaneous interventions and cardiogenic shock. However, there is a paucity of published data regarding the etiologies and predictors of 90-day readmissions following pVAD use. We studied the data from the US Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) for the years 2013 and 2014. Patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of pVAD use were collected by searching the database for International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedural code 37...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742066/endoscopic-management-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-induced-by-chronic-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Theodor Alexandru Voiosu, Andrada Viorela Gheorghe, Dan Adrian Bobeica, Andrei Mihai Voiosu, Radu Bogdan Mateescu
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is frequently congenital and requires surgical correction. TEF can also occur secondary to malignant esophageal tumors or benign diseases and these cases are managed by endoscopic means, such as closing the defect with metallic stents. Although esophageal injury can occur secondary to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), TEF secondary to chronic NSAIDs use hasn't been described in the literature. We report the case of a male patient with refractory migraine and chronic use of NSAIDs, with a history of esophageal stenosis presenting with acute-onset total dysphagia...
May 8, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736663/the-impact-of-discharge-timing-on-readmission-following-hepatopancreatobiliary-surgery-a-nationwide-readmission-database-analysis
#14
Katiuscha Merath, Fabio Bagante, Qinyu Chen, Eliza W Beal, Ozgur Akgul, Jay Idrees, Mary Dillhoff, Jordan Cloyd, Carl Schmidt, Timothy M Pawlik
OBJECTIVE: Decreasing hospital length-of-stay (LOS) may be an effective strategy to reduce costs while also improving outcomes through earlier discharge to the non-hospital setting. The objective of the current study was to define the impact of discharge timing on readmission, mortality, and charges following hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery. METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) was used to identify patients undergoing HPB procedures between 2010 and 2014...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734972/obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-hospital-readmission
#15
Nicholas J Scalzitti, Peter D O'Connor, Skyler W Nielsen, James K Aden, Matthew S Brock, David M Taylor, Vincent Mysliwiec, Gregory R Dion
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Hospital readmissions are an important metric of quality and safety. This study seeks to characterize the relationship between readmissions and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A better understanding of this relationship could be utilized to develop preventative measures and reduce readmission rates. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients discharged over a 24-month period to a Department of Defense hospital was conducted. Medical records review provided demographic data, presence of OSA and comorbid diseases, and whether readmission occurred within 30 days of discharge...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733252/preliminary-report-on-introduction-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-for-laparoscopic-rectal-resection-a-single-center-experience
#16
Davide Cintorino, Calogero Ricotta, Pasquale Bonsignore, Fabrizio Di Francesco, Sergio Li Petri, Duilio Pagano, Alessandro Tropea, Giuliana Checchini, Fabio Tuzzolino, Salvatore Gruttadauria
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic rectal surgery seems to improve postoperative recovery of patients who undergo surgery for rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate preliminary results of implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for laparoscopic rectal resection (LRR) for cancer at our institute. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Patients who underwent LRR for cancer at our institute after introduction of enhanced recovery protocol were compared with a control group of patients who previously underwent surgery with traditional protocol...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732904/characterization-categorization-and-5-year-mortality-of-medicine-high-utilizer-inpatients
#17
Joyeeta G Dastidar, Min Jiang
BACKGROUND: Patients who are frequently admitted to Medicine inpatient services comprise a distinct subset of readmitted patients about whom not much is known. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize this group including mortality rates, with the goal of better understanding this population. DESIGN: Observational study of frequently hospitalized patients defined as 4 or more admissions over a 6-month period, with hospitalization defined as nonelective admission to the hospital...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731620/the-impact-of-patient-education-and-shared-decision-making-on-hospital-readmissions-for-copd
#18
Ashley W Collinsworth, Rachel M Brown, Cameron S James, Richard H Stanford, Daniel Alemayehu, Elisa L Priest
Purpose: Education on the self-management of COPD has been shown to improve patients' quality of life and reduce hospital admissions. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of a pilot, pragmatic COPD Chronic Care (CCC) education program led by registered respiratory therapists and determine the CCC's impact on hospital readmissions, patient activation, and health status. Patients and methods: This was a prospective, randomized, pilot study of inpatients with COPD admitted to a US community hospital between August 2014 and February 2016...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731615/effectiveness-of-the-elderly-activity-performance-intervention-on-elderly-patients-discharge-from-a-short-stay-unit-at-the-emergency-department-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#19
Louise Moeldrup Nielsen, Thomas Maribo, Hans Kirkegaard, Kirsten Schultz Petersen, Marianne Lisby, Lisa Gregersen Oestergaard
Purpose: To examine the effectiveness of the Elderly Activity Performance Intervention on reducing the risk of readmission in elderly patients discharged from a short-stay unit at the emergency department. Patients and methods: The study was conducted as a nonrandomized, quasi-experimental trial. Three hundred and seventy-five elderly patients were included and allocated to the Elderly Activity Performance Intervention (n=144) or usual practice (n=231). The intervention consisted of 1) assessment of the patients' performance of daily activities, 2) referral to further rehabilitation, and 3) follow-up visit the day after discharge...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731121/sudden-death-after-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-from-the-everest-trial
#20
Muthiah Vaduganathan, Ravi B Patel, Robert J Mentz, Haris Subacius, Neal A Chatterjee, Stephen J Greene, Andrew P Ambrosy, Aldo P Maggioni, James E Udelson, Karl Swedberg, Marvin A Konstam, Christopher M O'Connor, Javed Butler, Mihai Gheorghiade, Faiez Zannad
Patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) benefit from medical and device therapies targeting sudden cardiac death (SCD). Contemporary estimates of SCD risk after hospitalization for heart failure are limited. We describe the incidence, timing, and clinical predictors of SCD after hospitalization for HFrEF (≤40%) in the EVEREST (Efficacy of Vasopressin Antagonism in Heart Failure Outcome Study with Tolvaptan) trial. Multiple logistic regression analyses tested >30 baseline covariates (including treatment randomization, demographics, comorbid conditions, natriuretic peptides, ejection fraction, and medical and device therapies) to identify predictors of 1-year SCD...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
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