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Congenital myopathy

Gina L O'Grady, Heather A Best, Tamar E Sztal, Vanessa Schartner, Myriam Sanjuan-Vazquez, Sandra Donkervoort, Osorio Abath Neto, Roger Bryan Sutton, Biljana Ilkovski, Norma Beatriz Romero, Tanya Stojkovic, Jahannaz Dastgir, Leigh B Waddell, Anne Boland, Ying Hu, Caitlin Williams, Avnika A Ruparelia, Thierry Maisonobe, Anthony J Peduto, Stephen W Reddel, Monkol Lek, Taru Tukiainen, Beryl B Cummings, Himanshu Joshi, Juliette Nectoux, Susan Brammah, Jean-François Deleuze, Viola Oorschot Ing, Georg Ramm, Didem Ardicli, Kristen J Nowak, Beril Talim, Haluk Topaloglu, Nigel G Laing, Kathryn N North, Daniel G MacArthur, Sylvie Friant, Nigel F Clarke, Robert J Bryson-Richardson, Carsten G Bönnemann, Jocelyn Laporte, Sandra T Cooper
This study establishes PYROXD1 variants as a cause of early-onset myopathy and uses biospecimens and cell lines, yeast, and zebrafish models to elucidate the fundamental role of PYROXD1 in skeletal muscle. Exome sequencing identified recessive variants in PYROXD1 in nine probands from five families. Affected individuals presented in infancy or childhood with slowly progressive proximal and distal weakness, facial weakness, nasal speech, swallowing difficulties, and normal to moderately elevated creatine kinase...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Isabelle Beaulieu-Boire, Camila C Aquino, Alfonso Fasano, Yu-Yan Poon, Melanie Fallis, Antony E Lang, Mojgan Hodaie, Suneil K Kalia, Andres Lozano, Elena Moro
BACKGROUND: Rare causes of inherited movement disorders often present with a debilitating phenotype of dystonia, sometimes combined with parkinsonism and other neurological signs. Since these disorders are often resistant to medications, DBS may be considered as a possible treatment. METHODS: Patients with identified genetic diseases (ataxia-telangiectasia, chorea-achantocytosis, dopa-responsive dystonia, congenital nemaline myopathy, methylmalonic aciduria, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, spinocerebellar ataxia types 2 and 3, Wilson's disease, Woodhouse-Sakati syndrome, methylmalonic aciduria, and X trisomy) and disabling dystonia underwent bilateral GPi DBS (bilateral thalamic Vim nucleus in 1 case)...
October 4, 2016: Brain Stimulation
Mugundhan Krishnan, C Selvaraj, S Sivakumar
Centronuclear myopathy (CNM) is a rare congenital myopathy that is characterized by centrally placed nuclei in the muscle fibers. Three forms of the disease are clinically recognized. The severe neonatal form, the childhood onset form, and an adult-onset form. We report a 50 year old male patient with centronuclear myopathy (CNM) in whom the disease manifested itself in the fifth decade of life without any family history of such illness.
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Shrivastava Kumar Mayank, Tirkey Dawle Denis, Sharma Chandra Bhushan, Guria Rishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Magdalena Mroczek, Dagmara Kabzińska, Krystyna H Chrzanowska, Maciej Pronicki, Andrzej Kochański
To date, only two splice-site mutations within the TPM2 gene have been shown to be causative for congenital myopathies. While the majority of TPM2 gene mutations are causative for nemaline myopathy, cap disease or distal arthrogryposis, some mutations in this gene have been found to be associated with non-specific congenital myopathy. We report on a patient with such an unspecified congenital myopathy associated with distinctive facial dysmorphic features and distal arthrogryposis. Using the whole exome sequencing (WES) approach we were able to identify a novel heterozygous splice-site mutation within the TPM2 gene, showing the utility of WES in molecular diagnostics of congenital myopathies without recognizable morphological hallmarks...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Genetics
Hemakumar M Reddy, Kyung-Ah Cho, Monkol Lek, Elicia Estrella, Elise Valkanas, Michael D Jones, Satomi Mitsuhashi, Basil T Darras, Anthony A Amato, Hart Gw Lidov, Catherine A Brownstein, David M Margulies, Timothy W Yu, Mustafa A Salih, Louis M Kunkel, Daniel G MacArthur, Peter B Kang
The current study characterizes a cohort of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) in the United States using whole-exome sequencing. Fifty-five families affected by LGMD were recruited using an institutionally approved protocol. Exome sequencing was performed on probands and selected parental samples. Pathogenic mutations and cosegregation patterns were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Twenty-two families (40%) had novel and previously reported pathogenic mutations, primarily in LGMD genes, and also in genes for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy, congenital myopathy, myofibrillar myopathy, inclusion body myopathy and Pompe disease...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
Janelle Geist, Aikaterini Kontrogianni-Konstantopoulos
Myosin Binding Protein-C (MyBP-C) comprises a family of accessory proteins that includes the cardiac, slow skeletal, and fast skeletal isoforms. The three isoforms share structural and sequence homology, and localize at the C-zone of the sarcomeric A-band where they interact with thick and thin filaments to regulate the cycling of actomyosin crossbridges. The cardiac isoform, encoded by MYBPC3, has been extensively studied over the last several decades due to its high mutational rate in congenital hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Dorota Monies, Hindi N Alhindi, Mohamed A Almuhaizea, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Anas M Alazami, Ewa Goljan, Banan Alyounes, Dyala Jaroudi, Abdulelah AlIssa, Khalid Alabdulrahman, Shazia Subhani, Mohamed El-Kalioby, Tariq Faquih, Salma M Wakil, Nada A Altassan, Brian F Meyer, Saeed Bohlega
BACKGROUND: Fifty random genetically unstudied families (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD)/myopathy) were screened with a gene panel incorporating 759 OMIM genes associated with neurological disorders. Average coverage of the CDS and 10 bp flanking regions of genes was 99 %. All families were referred to the Neurosciences Clinic of King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Saudi Arabia. Patients presented with muscle weakness affecting the pelvic and shoulder girdle. Muscle biopsy in all cases showed dystrophic or myopathic changes...
September 27, 2016: Human Genomics
E Malfatti, N B Romero
Nemaline myopathy (NM) is one of the most common forms of congenital myopathy. The condition is defined by the histopathological finding of nemaline bodies (rods) on muscle biopsy and is associated with hypotonia and muscle weakness. The clinical spectrum encompasses lethal forms presenting in the neonatal period with profound weakness and less severe congenital diseases of later onset. NM is significantly heterogeneous from a genetic point of view, and its inheritance can be autosomal-dominant (AD), sporadic or autosomal-recessive (AR)...
October 2016: Revue Neurologique
Delphine Trochet, Bernard Prudhon, Arnaud Jollet, Stéphanie Lorain, Marc Bitoun
Dynamin 2 (DNM2) is a large GTPase, ubiquitously expressed, involved in membrane trafficking and regulation of actin and microtubule cytoskeletons. DNM2 mutations cause autosomal dominant centronuclear myopathy which is a rare congenital myopathy characterized by skeletal muscle weakness and histopathological features including nuclear centralization in absence of regeneration. No curative treatment is currently available for the DNM2-related autosomal dominant centronuclear myopathy. In order to develop therapeutic strategy, we evaluated here the potential of Spliceosome-Mediated RNA Trans-splicing technology to reprogram the Dnm2-mRNA in vitro and in vivo in mice...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Takuya Taniguchi, Naoki Maruyama, Takehiro Ogata, Takeru Kasahara, Naohiko Nakanishi, Kotaro Miyagawa, Daisuke Naito, Tetsuro Hamaoka, Masahiro Nishi, Satoaki Matoba, Tomomi Ueyama
Mutations in the PTRF/Cavin-1 gene cause congenital generalized lipodystrophy type 4 (CGL4) associated with myopathy. Additionally, long-QT syndrome and fatal cardiac arrhythmia are observed in patients with CGL4 who have homozygous PTRF/Cavin-1 mutations. PTRF/Cavin-1 deficiency shows reductions of caveolae and caveolin-3 (Cav3) protein expression in skeletal muscle, and Cav3 deficiency in the heart causes cardiac hypertrophy with loss of caveolae. However, it remains unknown how loss of PTRF/Cavin-1 affects cardiac morphology and function...
2016: PloS One
Atsuko Nishikawa, Satomi Mitsuhashi, Naomasa Miyata, Ichizo Nishino
BACKGROUND: Inherited skeletal muscle diseases are genetically heterogeneous diseases caused by mutations in more than 150 genes. This has made it challenging to establish a high-throughput screening method for identifying causative gene mutations in clinical practice. AIM: In the present study, we developed a useful method for screening gene mutations associated with the pathogenesis of skeletal muscle diseases. METHODS: We established four target gene panels, each covering all exonic and flanking regions of genes involved in the pathogenesis of the following muscle diseases: (1) muscular dystrophy (MD), (2) congenital myopathy/congenital myasthenic syndrome, (3) metabolic myopathy and (4) myopathy with protein aggregations/rimmed vacuoles...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Yukio Mizuno, Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Tomoko Okamoto, Yasushi Oya, Ichizo Nishino, Miho Murata
Sporadic late onset nemaline myopathy (SLONM) associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is an adult onset myopathy with poor clinical outcomes, requiring high-dose intravenous melphalan with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (HDM-SCT). Here we report two cases of SLONM associated with MGUS in which improvements were achieved only with immunotherapy. A 39-year-old woman had a two-year history of dropped head syndrome and progressive proximal weakness. On admission, she was able to walk with assistance and had lordosis with camptocormia...
September 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
V Stránecký, M Neřoldová, K Hodaňová, H Hartmannová, L Piherová, P Zemánková, A Přistoupilová, M Vrablík, V Adámková, S Kmoch, M Jirsa
Some patients are susceptible to statin-associated myopathy (SAM) either because of genetic variations affecting statin uptake and metabolism, or because they predispose their carriers to muscular diseases. Among the frequent variants examined using the genome-wide association study approach, SLCO1B1 c.521T>C represents the only validated predictor of SAM in patients treated with high-dose simvastatin. Our aim was to ascertain the overall contribution of large copy-number variations (CNVs) to SAM diagnosed in 86 patients...
August 19, 2016: Physiological Research
Heinz Jungbluth, Nicol C Voermans
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews adult presentations of the major congenital myopathies - central core disease, multiminicore disease, centronuclear myopathy and nemaline myopathy - with an emphasis on common genetic backgrounds, typical clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis. RECENT FINDINGS: The congenital myopathies are a genetically heterogeneous group of conditions with characteristic histopathological features. Although essentially considered paediatric conditions, some forms - in particular those due to dominant mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1), the dynamin 2 (DNM2), the amphiphysin 2 (BIN1) and the Kelch repeat-and BTB/POZ domain-containing protein 13 (KBTBD13) gene - may present late into adulthood...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Gianina Ravenscroft, Mark R Davis, Phillipa Lamont, Alistair Forrest, Nigel G Laing
Early-onset muscle disease includes three major entities that present generally at or before birth: congenital myopathies, congenital muscular dystrophies and congenital myasthenic syndromes. Almost exclusively there is weakness and hypotonia, although cases manifesting hypertonia are increasingly being recognised. These diseases display a wide phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity, with the uptake of next generation sequencing resulting in an unparalleled extension of the phenotype-genotype correlations and "diagnosis by sequencing" due to unbiased sequencing...
August 9, 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Heinz Jungbluth, Julien Ochala, Susan Treves, Mathias Gautel
The congenital myopathies - including Central Core Disease (CCD), Multi-minicore Disease (MmD), Centronuclear Myopathy (CNM), Nemaline Myopathy (NM) and Congenital Fibre Type Disproportion (CFTD) - are a genetically heterogeneous group of early-onset neuromuscular conditions characterized by distinct histopathological features, and associated with a substantial individual and societal disease burden. Appropriate supportive management has substantially improved patient morbidity and mortality but there is currently no cure...
August 8, 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Zoran Gucev, Velibor Tasic, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska, Marina Krstevska Konstantinova, Ana Stamatova, Marija Dimishkovska, Nevenka Laban, Momir Polenakovic
LHX4 mutations are rare in combined pituitary hormone deficiency, and even rarer in isolated GHD. We describe a 14 years old boy who was referred for investigation of short stature. Convergent strabismus, nystagmus was present. At the age of 5 years his gait was unstable. A progressive myopathy ensued. Tests of pituitary reserve showed partial IGHD (8.2 ng/ml). Other pituitary hormones were within normal range. Muscle biopsy showed congenital myopathy of undefined etiology. MRI of the brain revealed the empty sella syndrome...
June 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
Jun Fu, Yi-Ming Zheng, Su-Qin Jin, Jun-Fei Yi, Xiu-Juan Liu, He Lyn, Zhao-Xia Wang, Wei Zhang, Jiang-Xi Xiao, Yun Yuan
BACKGROUND: Collagen VI-related myopathies are autosomal dominant and recessive hereditary myopathies, mainly including Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD) and Bethlem myopathy (BM). Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been widely used to diagnosis muscular disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of thigh muscles MRI for collagen VI-related myopathies. METHODS: Eleven patients with collagen VI gene mutation-related myopathies were enrolled in this study...
August 5, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Faeze Sadat Mohajer, Sepideh Parvizpour, Jafar Razmara, Mahsa Khoshkhooy Yazdi, Mohd Shahir Shamsir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
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