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Emili Montserrat, Peter Dreger
The treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) whose tumor presents the del(17p)/TP53 mutation is a major challenge. Treatment with chemo(immuno)therapy, immunomodulators, or the anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody alemtuzumab produces transient, unsatisfactory responses. Reduced-intensity-conditioning allotransplantation produces sustained progression-free survival and overall survival (40%-60% at 5 years), equivalent to the cure of the disease, even in cases with adverse biomarkers. Unfortunately, despite improvements in this procedure, the non-relapse mortality continues to be high (15%-30%), and only highly selected patients (young, physically fit, with treatment-sensitive disease, not heavily pretreated, and with a fully matched donor) may benefit from the intervention without incurring unacceptable treatment-related risks...
August 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Muhammad Zubair, Shoaib Naiyar Hashmi, Saeed Afzal, Iqbal Muhammad, Hafeez Ud Din, Rabia Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Triple negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are high grade aggressive tumors generally with a poor prognosis, not responding to hormonal and anti Her2 Neu therapy. Expression of the antiapoptotic B cell lymphoma 2 gene (Bcl2) is associated with low grade, slowly proliferating hormone receptor positive tumors with improved survival. Anti Bcl2 agents can be used as alternative targeted therapy in triple negative cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The objective of this study was to determine the immunohistochemical expression of Bcl2 in triple negative breast cancers and any correlation with clinicopathological variables in Northern Pakistan...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Chai-Ching Lin, Tien-Huang Chiang, Wei-Jung Chen, Yu-Yo Sun, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Muh-Shi Lin
BACKGROUND: CISD2 is known to have roles in calcium metabolism, anti-apoptosis, and longevity. However, whether CISD2 is involved in the inflammatory response associated with injuries of the central nervous system (CNS) remains unclear. This issue is particularly relevant for traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs), which lack therapeutic targeting and often cause long-term disability in patients. The authors previously demonstrated the neuroprotective effects of curcumin against RANTES-mediated neuroinflammation...
December 2015: Injury
Ying Ying, Huazhang Zhu, Zhen Liang, Xiaosong Ma, Shiwei Li
Activation of apoptosis in cardiomyocytes by saturated palmitic acids contributes to cardiac dysfunction in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Beta-catenin (b-catenin) is a transcriptional regulator of several genes involved in survival/anti-apoptosis. However, its role in palmitate-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis remains unclear. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) has been shown to exhibit potential cardioprotective properties. This study was designed to evaluate the role of b-catenin signalling in palmitate-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and the molecular mechanism underlying the protective effects of GLP1 on palmitate-stressed cardiomyocytes...
December 2015: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Chui-Yee Fong, Arjunan Subramanian, Arijit Biswas, Ariff Bongso
Some cord blood banks freeze entire pieces of UC (mixed cord, MC) which after post-thaw yields mixed heterogeneous populations of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from all its microanatomical compartments. Freezing of such entire tissues results in sub-optimal post-thaw cell recovery because of poor cryoprotectant diffusion and intracellular ice-formation, heat and water transport issues, and damage to intercellular junctions. To develop a simple method of harvesting pure homogeneous MSCs for cord blood banks, we compared the post-thaw behavior of three groups of frozen UC tissues: (i) freshly harvested WJ without cell separation; (ii) MSCs isolated from WJ (WJSC); and (iii) MC, WJ, and WJSC produced high post-thaw cell survival rates (93...
April 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Ahmed A Baiomy, Ahmed A Mansour
This study aimed to examine the protective effects of ginger (G) on the genetic response induced by cadmium (Cd) and immunohistochemical expression of Caspase3 and MKI67 in the kidney and liver of rabbits. Male rabbits were divided into three groups; each group contains 10 animals: group (C) received basic diet and tap water for 12 weeks, the second group (Cd) received 200 mg/kg b.w CdCl2 in water for 12 weeks, group (Cd + G) was given 200 mg/kg b.w CdCl2 in water and 400 mg ginger/kg b.w in food for 12 weeks...
April 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Yavuz Dodurga, Canan Eroğlu, Mücahit Seçme, Levent Elmas, Çığır Biray Avcı, N Lale Şatıroğlu-Tufan
Ferulic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid; FA), a common dietary plant phenolic compound, is abundant in fruits and vegetables. The aim of present study is to investigate the effects of FA on cell cycle, apoptosis, invasion, migration, and colony formation in the TT medullary thyroid cancer cell line. The effect of FA on cell viability was determined by using CellTiter-Glo assay. IC50 dose in the TT cells was detected as 150 μM. URG4/URGCP (upregulated gene-4/upregulator of cell proliferation) is a novel gene in full-length mRNA of 3...
February 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Juan José Fung, Alan Kosaka, Xiaochuan Shan, Gwenn Danet-Desnoyers, Michael Gormally, Kate Owen
The Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology seeks to address growing concerns about reproducibility in scientific research by conducting replications of selected experiments from a number of high-profile papers in the field of cancer biology. The papers, which were published between 2010 and 2012, were selected on the basis of citations and Altmetric scores (Errington et al., 2014). This Registered report describes the proposed replication plan of key experiments from 'Inhibition of bromodomain and extra terminal (BET) recruitment to chromatin as an effective treatment for mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-fusion leukemia' by Dawson and colleagues, published in Nature in 2011 (Dawson et al...
2015: ELife
Gulnaz T Javan, Ismail Can, Sheree J Finley, Shivani Soni
Gene expression investigations are well-established components of ante mortem studies with broad applications ranging from elucidating basic mechanisms responsible for normal physiological processes to discovering therapeutic targets in pathophysiological conditions. However, gene expression studies and their application in the medico-legal field are still in their infancy. Therefore, the present study focuses on RNA using PCR array in the analysis of gene expression associated with tissues taken from actual criminal cases...
December 2015: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Sudeshna Mukherjee, Sayan Ghosh, Dipesh Kr Das, Priyanka Chakraborty, Sreetama Choudhury, Payal Gupta, Arghya Adhikary, Sanjit Dey, Sreya Chattopadhyay
Green tea (GT)-based chemoprevention has shown promising results in various cancer models. However, the effective dose may not be far from the toxic dose because of inefficient systemic delivery and limited bio-availability of GT polyphenols. We have used GT polyphenols to successfully reduce gold to corresponding gold nanoparticles (NPs) in a single step; a process that fulfils all criteria of green nanotechnology as no "man-made" chemical other than gold acids are used. GT and (-) - epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) conjugated gold NPs (diameters <50 nm), showed remarkable stability, significantly rapid cellular uptake and excellent in vitro anti-oxidant activities...
November 2015: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Xixian Li, Zhi Zeng, Qingman Li, Qiulin Xu, Jiahe Xie, Huixin Hao, Guangjin Luo, Wangjun Liao, Jianping Bin, Xiaobo Huang, Yulin Liao
MiR-497 is predicted to target anti-apoptosis gene Bcl2 and autophagy gene microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 B (LC3B), but the functional consequence of miR-497 in response to anoxia/reoxygenation (AR) or ischemia/reperfusion (IR) remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate the influences of miR-497 on myocardial AR or IR injury. We noted that miR-497 was enriched in cardiac tissues, while its expression was dynamically changed in murine hearts subjected to myocardial infarction and in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCs) subjected to AR...
August 7, 2015: Oncotarget
Harish Chandra Pal, Ronald D Baxter, Katherine M Hunt, Jyoti Agarwal, Craig A Elmets, Mohammad Athar, Farrukh Afaq
Melanoma is the most deadly form of cutaneous malignancy, and its incidence rates are rising worldwide. In melanoma, constitutive activation of the BRAF/MEK/ERK (MAPK) and PI3K/AKT/mTOR (PI3K) signaling pathways plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation, survival and tumorigenesis. A combination of compounds that lead to an optimal blockade of these critical signaling pathways may provide an effective strategy for prevention and treatment of melanoma. The phytochemical fisetin is known to possess anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities...
September 29, 2015: Oncotarget
Zhiguo Tong, Nan Liu, Luoqiang Lin, Xinggang Guo, Dongdong Yang, Qifan Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function as regulators of gene expression. MiR-125 is a family of miRNAs that have been shown to be involved in various cancer types. In this study, for the first time, we showed that miR-125a-5p was specifically down-regulated in both colon cancer tissue and colon cancer cell lines. The tumor suppressor role of miR-125a-5p in colon cancer was supported by the observation that overexpression of miR-125a-5p inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in colon cancer cells...
October 2015: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Debabrata Tripathy, Alka Choudhary, Uttam Chand Banerjee, Inder Pal Singh, Anupam Chatterjee
Potentilla fulgens root traditionally used as a folk remedy in Meghalaya, India. However, systematic evaluation of its anticancer efficacy was limited. We investigated the anticancer potentials of the various extracts prepared by partitioning of the methanol extract of the root with the aim to discover major contributing factors from the most effective fractions. Methanol extract of P. fulgens roots (PRE) was prepared by maceration which was subsequently fractionated into hexane, ethyl-acetate (EA) and n-butanol soluble fractions...
2015: PloS One
Joung Hyuck Joo, Eiichiro Ueda, Carl D Bortner, Xiao-Ping Yang, Grace Liao, Anton M Jetten
In this study, we demonstrate that treatment of T lymphoblastic leukemic Molt4 cells with farnesol activates the apoptosome via the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis. This induction was associated with changes in the level of intracellular potassium and calcium, the dissipation of the mitochondrial and plasma membrane potential, release of cytochrome c, activation of several caspases, and PARP cleavage. The induction of apoptosis by farnesol was inhibited by the addition of the pan-caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk and by the exogenous expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl2...
October 1, 2015: Biochemical Pharmacology
Ana Teresa G Fernandes, Natália P Rocha, Elena Vendrame, Fabio Russomano, Beatriz J Grinsztejn, Ruth K Friedman, Amanda C Pinto, Evandro M Klumb, Elyzabeth Avvad, Jacyara Macedo, Otoniel Martínez-Maza, Maria da Gloria Bonecini-Almeida
HPV is associated with cervical cancer and plays a crucial role in tumor formation. Apoptosis is regulated by different pathways involving genes that either promote (BCL2 gene) or inhibit (BAX gene) cell death. Our goal was to determine whether the BCL2-938C>A (rs2279115) and BAX-248G>A (rs4645878) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (SIL) risk, and whether their phenotypic expression was impaired in these lesions. Two hundred and thirty-one cases showing SIL were classified as low SIL (LSIL, n = 101) or high SIL (HSIL, n = 130), and control subjects (n = 266) with no gynecologically proven SIL were recruited...
October 2015: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Maohua Xie, Paul W Doetsch, Xingming Deng
BACKGROUND: Accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage could enhance the frequency of mitochondrial mutations and promote a variety of mitochondria-related diseases, including cancer. However, the mechanism(s) involved are not fully understood. METHODS: Quantitative extended length PCR was used to compare mtDNA and nDNA damage in human lung H1299 cells expressing WT Bcl2 or vector-only control. mtAPE1 endonuclease activity was analyzed by AP oligonucleotide assay...
2015: BMC Cancer
Yangfei Xiang, Kun-Yong Kim, Joel Gelernter, In-Hyun Park, Huiping Zhang
Chronic alcohol consumption may result in sustained gene expression alterations in the brain, leading to alcohol abuse or dependence. Because of ethical concerns of using live human brain cells in research, this hypothesis cannot be tested directly in live human brains. In the present study, we used human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived cortical neurons as in vitro cellular models to investigate alcohol-induced expression changes of genes involved in alcohol metabolism (ALDH2), anti-apoptosis (BCL2 and CCND2), neurotransmission (NMDA receptor subunit genes: GRIN1, GRIN2A, GRIN2B, and GRIN2D), calcium channel activity (ITPR2), or transcriptional repression (JARID2)...
2015: PloS One
Abeer M El-Mahalaway
BACKGROUND: Aflatoxin contamination of foods is a worldwide problem. Chronic aflatoxin exposure is associated with kidney damage. Curcumin is a herbal agent, used in medicine with a wide range of beneficial therapeutic effects. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effect of curcumin against experimentally induced aflatoxicosis on the renal cortex of adult male albino rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty adult male rats were included and they were divided equally into 4 groups (10 rats each): Group I (control group), group II (Curcumin group): The rats received curcumin (200 mg/kg b...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Kirti Gavaraskar, Sivakami Dhulap, R R Hirwani
Evodiamine, ((+)-(S)-8,13,13b,14-tetrahydro-14-methylindolo[2',3':3,4]pyrido[2,1-b]quinazolin-5(7H)-one) indoloquinazoline alkaloid, is the major component isolated from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa, family Rutaceae. Broad spectrum of pharmacological activities of Evodiamine suggests its imperative role in treating a variety of diseases influencing the function of diverse targets. A comprehensive search was carried out to collect patent information regarding Evodiamine and its derivatives using different patent databases covering priority years to till date...
October 2015: Fitoterapia
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