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BCL-2 block

Ning Jia, Qinru Sun, Qian Su, Shaokang Dang, Guomin Chen
Substantial evidence has shown that the oxidative damage to hippocampal neurons is associated with the cognitive impairment induced by adverse stimuli during gestation named prenatal stress (PS). Taurine, a conditionally essential amino acid, possesses multiple roles in the brain as a neuromodulator or antioxidant. In this study, to explore the roles of taurine in PS-induced learning and memory impairment, prenatal restraint stress was set up and Morris water maze (MWM) was employed for testing the cognitive function in the one-month-old rat offspring...
October 13, 2016: Redox Biology
Yanna Si, Yuan Zhang, Liu Han, Lihai Chen, Yajie Xu, Fan Sun, Muhuo Ji, Jianjun Yang, Hongguang Bao
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that isoflurane-induced cognitive deficits could be alleviated by dexmedetomidine in young animal subjects. In the current study, we examine whether dexmedetomidine could also alleviate isoflurane-induced cognitive deficits in senile animals. METHODS: Senile male C57BL/6 mice (20 months) received dexmedetomidine (50 μg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle 30 minutes prior to isoflurane exposure (1.3% for 4 h). Cognitive function was assessed 19 days later using a 5-day testing regimen with Morris water maze...
2016: PloS One
X W Yuan, X F Huang, Z X Chen, S G Liang, W M Liao
Objective: To investigate the effect of IFNα on doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cells with its molecular mechanisms to provide evidences for improving the treatment of osteosarcoma. Methods: Osteosacoma U2OS and MG63 cells were treated with IFNα and Doxorubicin, alone or in combination, for 72 h . Cytotoxicity was determined with MTT. Apoptosis was evaluated through fluorescence-activated cell sorting, Hoechst33258 staining and DNA ladder assay. The expression of p53, Bax, Bcl-2, Mdm2, p21, caspase-3 and PARP was determined with Western blot...
October 11, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
X Liu, X Zhang, K Ma, R Zhang, P Hou, B Sun, S Yuan, Z Wang, Z Liu
Matrine is a quinolizidine alkaloid derived from the herb Radix Sophorae Flavescentis, and possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumoral properties. However, its effectiveness against subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is not well known. In this study, we investigated the effects of matrine on early brain injury (EBI) and the related potential mechanisms following SAH in rats. Our results showed that matrine pretreatment partially alleviated SAH-induced EBI, including neurological deficit, severity of SAH grade, brain edema, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in rats...
September 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Shuichuan Song, Leiwen Du, Hao Jiang, Xinhai Zhu, Jinhui Li, Ji Xu
BACKGROUND Dose-related toxicity is the major restriction of cisplatin and cisplatin-combination chemotherapy, and is a challenge for advanced gastric cancer treatment. We explored the possibility of using Paris saponin I as an agent to sensitize gastric cancer cells to cisplatin, and examined the underlying mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS Growth inhibition was detected by MTT assay. The cell cycle and apoptosis were detected using flow cytometry and Annexin V/PI staining. The P21waf1/cip1, Bcl-2, Bax, and caspase-3 protein expression were detected using Western blot analysis...
October 18, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Žakula Jelena, Korićanac Lela, Keta Otilija, Todorović Danijela, A P Cirrone Giuseppe, Romano Francesco, Cuttone Giacomo, Petrović Ivan, Ristić-Fira Aleksandra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The main goal when treating malignancies with radiation is to deprive tumour cells of their reproductive potential. One approach is to induce tumour cell apoptosis. This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of carbon ions ( [12] C) to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in human HTB140 melanoma cells. METHODS: In this in vitro study, human melanoma HTB140 cells were irradiated with the 62 MeV/n carbon ( [12] C) ion beam, having two different linear energy transfer (LET) values: 197 and 382 keV/μm...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Hui Teng, Qun Huang, Lei Chen
Data from the present study showed that agrimonolide exhibited a high anti-proliferation effect against human gastric cancer AGS cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that the number of total apoptotic cells increased after the treatment with the agrimonolide in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, it was found that agrimonolide-induced cell apoptosis was associated with the increase in the (Bcl-2 Associated X Protein, BAX)/(B-cell lymphoma-2, Bcl-2) ratio and the activation of cleaved caspase-3. MAPK (p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and ERK1/2) signaling pathways were involved in agrimonolide-induced apoptosis...
October 17, 2016: Food & Function
Shasha Liu, Qidi Ai, Kai Feng, Yubing Li, Xiang Liu
Reperfusion therapy is widely used to treat acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, further injury to the heart induced by rapidly initiating reperfusion is often encountered in clinical practice. A lack of pharmacological strategies in clinics limits the prognosis of patients with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). Dihydromyricetin (DMY) is one of the most abundant components in vine tea, commonly known as the tender stems and leaves of Ampelopsis grossedentata. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardioprotection of DMY against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and to further investigate the underlying mechanism...
October 13, 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Fabio Arturo Grieco, Guido Sebastiani, Jonas Juan-Mateu, Olatz Villate, Laura Marroqui, Laurence Ladrière, Ksenya Tugay, Romano Regazzi, Marco Bugliani, Piero Marchetti, Francesco Dotta, Décio L Eizirik
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease leading to beta cell destruction. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that control gene expression and organ formation. They participate in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases, but the nature of miRNAs contributing to beta cell death in T1D and their target genes remain to be clarified.We performed a miRNA expression profile on human islet preparations exposed to the cytokines IL-1β+IFN-γ. Confirmation of miRNAs and target genes modification in human beta cells was performed by real-time qPCR...
October 13, 2016: Diabetes
Tao Zhang, Suoyuan Li, Jingjie Li, Fei Yin, Yingqi Hua, Zhouying Wang, Binhui Lin, Hongsheng Wang, Dongqing Zou, Zifei Zhou, Jing Xu, Chengqing Yi, Zhengdong Cai
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has important roles in cancer aggressiveness and has been confirmed as an attractive target for cancer therapy. In this study, we used a dual-luciferase assay to identify that pectolinarigenin inhibited STAT3 activity. Further studies showed pectolinarigenin inhibited constitutive and interleukin-6-induced STAT3 signaling, diminished the accumulation of STAT3 in the nucleus and blocked STAT3 DNA-binding activity in osteosarcoma cells. Mechanism investigations indicated that pectolinarigenin disturbed the STAT3/DNA methyltransferase 1/HDAC1 histone deacetylase 1 complex formation in the promoter region of SHP-1, which reversely mediates STAT3 signaling, leading to the upregulation of SHP-1 expression in osteosarcoma...
October 13, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Benhong Zhou, Jing Wang, Guohua Zheng, Zhenpeng Qiu
Urolithins are bioactive ellagic acid-derived metabolites produced by human colonic microflora. Although previous studies have demonstrated the cytotoxicity of urolithins, the effect of urolithins on miRNAs is still unclear. In this study, the suppressing effects of methylated urolithin A (mUA) on cell viability in human prostate cancer DU145 cells was investigated. mUA induced caspase-dependent cell apoptosis, mitochondrial depolarization and down-regulation of Bcl-2/Bax ratio. The results showed that upon exposure to mUA, miR-21 expression was decreased and the expression of PTEN and Pdcd4 protein was elevated...
October 8, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Lingman Ma, Lifen Qian, Qidi Ying, Yan Zhang, Changlin Zhou, Guanzhong Wu
Here, we investigated whether I4, which was initially developed as a hypoglycemic agent, possesses anti-atherosclerotic activity and attempted to elucidate the probable mechanism of action underlying this activity. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed a Western diet and simultaneously administered I4, glimepiride, or pioglitazone once daily for 12 weeks, and the atherosclerotic vascular lesions, lipid content, and expression levels of LOX-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and Bax/Bcl-2 in mouse aortas were assessed. RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells were obtained via ox-LDL stimulation to investigate the lipid-lowering, anti-atherosclerotic inflammation and anti-apoptotic effect of I4...
October 7, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Bo Xue, Yuting Xie, Ying Xue, Nan Hu, Guowei Zhang, Huaijin Guan, Min Ji
Müller cell reactivation (gliosis) is an early response in glaucomatous retina. Previous studies have demonstrated that activation of P2X7 receptors results in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) apoptosis. Here, the issues of whether and how activated Müller cells may contribute to RGC apoptosis through P2X7 receptors were investigated. Either intravitreal injection of (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG), a group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR I) agonist, in normal rat retinas, or DHPG treatment of purified cultured rat retinal Müller cells induced an increase in glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression, indicative of Müller cell gliosis...
October 6, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Chuanying Zhu, Renhua Zhou, Qing Zhou, Yuewen Chang, Mawei Jiang
AIMS: Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) plays a critical role in tumor growth and progression. In this study, we sought to explore the expression and biological roles of miR-539 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MAIN METHODS: The expression of miR-539 in human HCC tissues and cell lines was examined. The effects of miR-539 overexpression on cell growth, tumorigenicity, arsenic trioxide resistance of HCC cells were determined. The signaling pathways involved in the action of miR-539 in HCC were also investigated...
October 4, 2016: Life Sciences
Xiang-Bin Song, Gang Liu, Zhen-Yong Wang, Lin Wang
Puerarin (PU) is a potent free radical scavenger with a protective effect in nephrotoxin-mediated oxidative damage. Here, we show a novel molecular mechanism by which PU exerts its anti-apoptotic effects in cadmium (Cd)-exposed primary rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells. Morphological assessment and flow cytometric analysis revealed that PU significantly decreased Cd-induced apoptotic cell death of rPT cells. Administration of PU protected cells against Cd-induced depletion of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and lipid peroxidation...
October 4, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Qiu-Lin Ge, San-Hong Liu, Zhi-Hong Ai, Min-Fang Tao, Li Ma, Shan-Yun Wen, Miao Dai, Fei Liu, Han-Shao Liu, Rong-Zhen Jiang, Zhuo-Wei Xue, Yu-Hang Jiang, Xiao-Hua Sun, Yi-Ming Hu, Yong-Xu Zhao, Xi Chen, Yu Tao, Xiao-Lu Zhu, Wen-Jing Ding, Bing-Qing Yang, Dan-Dan Liu, Xiao-Ren Zhang, Yin-Cheng Teng
Dysfunction of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling has been causally associated with numerous human malignancies. Although the NF-κB family of genes has been implicated in endometrial carcinogenesis, information regarding the involvement of central regulators of NF-κB signaling in human endometrial cancer (EC) is limited. Here, we investigated the specific roles of canonical and noncanonical NF-κB signaling in endometrial tumorigenesis. We found that NF-κB RelB protein, but not RelA, displayed high expression in EC samples and cell lines, with predominant elevation in endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EEC)...
October 6, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Qingshan Wang, Guohua Sun, Chenxue Gao, Lina Feng, Yan Zhang, Jie Hao, Enjun Zuo, Cong Zhang, Shuangyue Li, Fengyuan Piao
Growing evidence suggests that the increased neuronal apoptosis is involved in n-hexane-induced neuropathy. We have recently reported that bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells-derived conditioned medium (BMSC-CM) attenuated 2,5-hexanedione (HD, the active metabolite of n-hexane)-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Here, we explored the anti-apoptotic efficacy of BMSC in vivo. HD-treated rats received BMSC by tail vein injection 5 weeks after HD intoxication. We found that in grafted rats, BMSC significantly attenuated HD-induced neuronal apoptosis in the spinal cord, which was associated with elevation of nerve growth factor (NGF)...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Li-Long Pan, Xi-Ling Wang, Xiao-Ling Luo, Si-Yu Liu, Peng Xu, Jin-Feng Hu, Xin-Hua Liu
Previously, we have shown that boehmenan, a natural product isolated from the dried stem of Caulis clematidis armandii, exhibits various biological activities. The current study investigated the effects of boehmenan on the growth of human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells. Cell viability and 50% inhibiting concentration (IC50) were assessed by CellTiter-Glo luminescent cell viability assay. Cell cycle arrest was measured by flow cytometry. Intracellular reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) collapse were analyzed by a fluorescence spectrophotometer...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Renato José Mendonça Natalino, Célia Beatriz Gianotti Antoneli, Karina de Cássia Braga Ribeiro, Antônio Hugo José Fróes Marques Campos, Fernando Augusto Soares
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignant neoplasia during childhood and results from the partial or total inactivity of the retinoblastoma protein (pRb). In the absence of pRb, the E2F transcription factors increase the levels of cell cycle proteins as well as some pro-apoptotic proteins. We intended to study the immunohistochemistry profile of apoptotic-related proteins in retinoblastoma. We also evaluated the association between the expression of apoptotic protein and stage of tumor or survivor after a 5year follow up...
September 22, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Alessandra Peres, Clarissa Severino Gama, Simone Morelo Dal Bosco
Pinocembrin (PB; 5,7-dihydroxyflavanone; C15H12O4) is a flavonoid found in propolis and exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial effects. Furthermore, PB has been studied as a neuroprotective agent. However, it remains to be understood whether and how PB would induce mitochondrial protection in mammalian cells. Therefore, we investigated here the mechanism involved in the protective effects elicited by PB in paraquat (PQ; 100 μM)-treated SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. PB (25 μM) pretreatment (for 4 h) downregulated the levels of Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), blocked the release of cytochrome c to the cytosol, and inhibited the PQ-induced activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3...
October 1, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
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