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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211004/point-of-care-ultrasound-and-doppler-ultrasound-evaluation-of-vascular-injuries-in-penetrating-and-blunt-trauma
#1
REVIEW
Miguel Angel Montorfano, Fernando Pla, Leonardo Vera, Omar Cardillo, Stefano Geniere Nigra, Lisandro Miguel Montorfano
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler characteristics of penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries of the limbs and neck. METHODS: Penetrating and blunt trauma-related vascular injuries such as vein disruption, intimal flap, deep vein thrombosis, arterial dissection, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistulae are discussed in this manuscript. Images of the most significant lesions of our personal clinical experience are presented to illustrate point-of-care ultrasound and Color flow Duplex Doppler ultrasound findings...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208891/outcomes-of-capsular-dissection-technique-with-use-of-bipolar-electrocautery-in-total-thyroidectomy-a-rural-tertiary-center-experience
#2
Amal T Das, S B Prakash, V Priyadarshini
INTRODUCTION: Total thyroidectomy is one of the most routinely performed head and neck surgical procedures with extremely low mortality. This procedure has been associated with two major complications such as recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and hypocalcaemia due to parathyroid insufficiency. The use of bipolar electrocautery has not been widely accepted in view of thermal damage to adjacent structures. AIM: To study the outcomes and complications of capsular dissection technique along with use of bipolar electrocautery in total thyroidectomy...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203491/intravascular-papillary-endothelial-hyperplasia-masson-s-tumor-diagnosis-the-plastic-surgeon-should-be-aware-of
#3
Stefanos Boukovalas, Rachel Dillard, Suimin Qiu, Eric L Cole
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) or Masson's tumor is a rare benign entity commonly found on the head, neck, and upper extremities. It usually arises within a blood vessel but is considered to be a nonneoplastic reactive process often associated with vascular injury. Typically, IPEHs cause no symptoms and present as slowly growing soft-tissue masses. Given their prevalent location and indolent clinical presentation, the plastic surgeon should be familiar with this rare entity. We are presenting a case of IPEH of the forehead with unusual clinical and pathologic characteristics...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150276/concomitant-fenestration-and-phlebectasia-of-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-an-unique-finding-in-anatomical-dissection
#4
Erika Cvetko, Marija Meznarič
The internal jugular vein (IJV) is an important vascular structure for oncologists and radiologists and is also a frequently used central venous route. The variations in the pattern of its course, and knowledge of its variations, are important. During the anatomical dissection of a 70-year-old male cadaver, fenestration involving a short segment (2.5 cm) of the right IJV in the superior part of the carotid triangle and a large dilatation (phlebectasia) of the IJV, involving its nonfenestrated segment were found - a case that has not previously been reported...
February 2, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139028/combined-endoscopic-transcervical-transoral-robotic-approach-for-resection-of-parapharyngeal-space-tumors
#5
Irit Duek, Moran Amit, Gill E Sviri, Ziv Gil
BACKGROUND: Parapharyngeal space tumors (PPSTs) pose exposure challenges; they are routinely resected by the transcervical approach using blunt/blind finger dissection, increasing the risk of tumor spillage and of neurovascular injury. Large PPSTs or those located high at the skull base often require mandibulotomy or an infratemporal fossa approach, baring considerable morbidity. METHODS: The novel minimally invasive approach described, utilizes endoscopic equipment introduced transcervically for circumferential separation of the tumor from the neurovascular structures of the skull base...
January 31, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126454/ultrasound-guided-retroclavicular-approach-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-for-upper-extremity-emergency-procedures
#6
Josh Luftig, Daniel Mantuani, Andrew A Herring, Arun Nagdev
The America Society of Anesthesiology guidelines recommend multimodal analgesia that combines regional anesthetic techniques with pharmacotherapy to improve peri-procedural pain management and reduce opioid related complications. Commonly performed emergency procedures of the upper extremity such as fracture and dislocation reduction, wound debridement, and abscess incision and drainage are ideal candidates for ultrasound-guided (USG) regional anesthesia of the brachial plexus. However, adoption of regional anesthesia by emergency practitioners has been limited by concerns for potential complications and perceived technical difficulty...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116276/is-early-weight-bearing-allowed-in-surgically-treated-talar-neck-fractures
#7
P H S Kalmet, S Sanduleanu, Y Y V Horn, M Poeze, P R G Brink
INTRODUCTION: Non-or partial weight bearing is frequently the standard treatment after peri-articular lower extremity fractures. Displaced talar neck fractures are severe injuries compromising vascularity of the corpus and consequently are at risk for non-union and avascular necrosis, the main reason to restrict weight bearing for up to three months according to most literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 31-year old male with a high impact car accident...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100198/mr-imaging-for-detection-of-trampoline-injuries-in-children
#8
E Hauth, H Jaeger, P Luckey, M Beer
BACKGROUND: The recreational use of trampolines is an increasingly popular activity among children and adolescents. Several studies reported about radiological findings in trampoline related injuries in children. The following publication presents our experience with MRI for detection of trampoline injuries in children. METHODS: 20 children (mean 9.2 years, range: 4-15 years) who had undergone an MRI study for detection of suspected trampoline injuries within one year were included...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099379/systemic-intraoperative-anticoagulation-during-arterial-injury-repair-implications-for-patency-and-bleeding
#9
Zoё Maher, Brian Frank, Noelle Saillant, Anna Goldenberg, Elizabeth Dauer, Joshua P Hazelton, Andrea Lubitz, Huaqing Zhao, Jeremy W Cannon, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: The role of systemic intraoperative anticoagulation (SIAC) during surgical repair of major arterial injuries is controversial. Any potential improvement in arterial patency must be weighed against the risk of hemorrhage in these critically injured patients. We hypothesized that SIAC would increase arterial patency without increasing bleeding complications. METHODS: We conducted a multi-institution, retrospective cohort study of trauma patients with major vascular injury from 2005-2013 in 3 level I centers...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030496/temporary-arterial-shunts-in-damage-control-experience-and-outcomes
#10
Sarah Matthew, Brian P Smith, Jeremy W Cannon, Patrick M Reilly, C William Schwab, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Arterial shunting is a well-described method to control hemorrhage and rapidly re-establish flow, but optimal shunt dwell times remain controversial. We hypothesized that prolonged shunt dwell times of >6 hours are related to adverse outcomes after major arterial injury. METHODS: A review (2005-2013) of all patients with arterial shunts placed after traumatic injury at our urban Level-I trauma center was undertaken. Patients who expired prior to shunt removal (n=7) were excluded...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005586/sudden-death-from-ruptured-intracranial-vascular-malformations-during-mechanical-asphyxia-a-domestic-violence-case-report
#11
Xue-Mei Wu, Xu-Dong Zhang, Li-Bing Yun, Min Liu, Xu-Fu Yi
Smothering and manual strangulation are not uncommon in domestic violence against women; however, no report on the combination of mechanical asphyxia and intracranial vascular malformations has been previously published. We report a middle-aged woman who was smothered and manually strangled by her husband and subsequently died from subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured intracranial vascular malformations, rather than direct mechanical asphyxiation. Smothering and manual strangulation are considered provocative conditions for rupture and contributory causes of death...
March 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989359/complications-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#12
Emily Christison-Lagay
Head and neck anatomy is topographically complex and the region is densely populated by vital nerves and vascular and lymphatic structures. Injury to many of these structures is associated with significant morbidity and may even be fatal. A thorough knowledge of regional anatomy is imperative and complications need to be managed in a thoughtful directed manner. The pediatric surgeon may be called upon to address both congenital and acquired conditions and should be prepared to encounter reoperative fields after failed initial surgery...
December 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916016/penetrating-neck-trauma-and-the-need-for-surgical-exploration-six-year-experience-within-a-regional-trauma-centre
#13
A V Kasbekar, E J Combellack, S G Derbyshire, A C Swift
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift towards conservative management of penetrating neck trauma in selected patients. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of the management of penetrating neck trauma (2007-2013) was undertaken at our large teaching hospital and compared against best-evidenced practice. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients were admitted over six years. The incidence of penetrating neck trauma is reducing, contrary to our belief...
January 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#14
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871494/current-surgical-management-of-carotid-body-tumors
#15
Victor J Davila, James M Chang, William M Stone, Richard J Fowl, Thomas C Bower, Michael L Hinni, Samuel R Money
BACKGROUND: Carotid body tumors (CBTs) are rare. Management guidelines may include genetic testing for succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) mutations. We performed an institutional review of the surgical management of CBT. METHODS: A retrospective analysis (1994-2015) of CBT excisions at our institution was performed. Data obtained included demographics, genetic testing (if performed), intraoperative details, postoperative morbidity, and long-term outcomes. Data from the first CBT excision were included in patients with bilateral tumors...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857932/the-neck-and-posterior-fossa-combined-penetrating-injury-a-case-report
#16
Hyun Jin Han, Jun Ho Jung, Chang Ki Hong, Yong Bae Kim
Here we report a case of penetrating neck injury to the posterior fossa that was shown, using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA), to involve no vascular injury. A 54-year-old man was brought to the emergency department after a penetrating injury to the left side of the posterior neck and occipital area with a knife. He was in an intoxicated state and could not communicate readily. On initial examination, his vital signs were stable and there was no active bleeding from the penetrating site...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857922/the-impact-of-engorged-vein-within-traumatic-posterior-neck-muscle-identified-in-preoperative-computed-tomography-angiography-to-estimated-blood-loss-during-posterior-upper-cervical-spine-surgery
#17
Mahn Jeong Ha, Byung Chul Kim, Chae Wook Huh, Jae Il Lee, Won Ho Cho, Hyuk Jin Choi
OBJECTIVE: Injuries of upper cervical spine are potentially fatal. Thus, appropriate diagnosis and treatment is essential. In our institute, preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been performed for evaluation of injuries of bony and vascular structure. The authors confirmed the engorged venous plexus within injured posterior neck muscle. We have this research to clarify the relationship between the engorged venous plexus and engorged vein. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 23 adult patients who underwent 23 posterior cervical spine surgeries for treatment of upper cervical injury between 2013 and 2015...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830868/a-case-of-a-single-intracranial-vertebral-artery-and-cerebral-infarct
#18
Kaitlyn Blackburn, Leah Labranche, Jonathan Kalmey, Randy Joseph Kulesza
The vertebral arteries are commonly affected by anatomical variation. This variation ranges from slight asymmetry in arterial diameter between the right and left sides to complete absence of a vertebral artery on one side. Asymmetry in diameter is a common observation, although complete absence of the artery is rare. Herein, we report on a 79-year-old maleanatomical donor who, upon brain removal, was found to have a single intracranial vertebral artery which was the sole source of the basilar artery. During dissection of the neck, both right and left vertebral arteries were identified arising from the subclavian arteries...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810460/bystander-cricothyroidotomy-with-household-devices-a-fresh-cadaveric-feasibility-study
#19
Christian Braun, Ulrich Kisser, Astrid Huber, Klaus Stelter
INTRODUCTION: In various motion pictures, medical TV shows and internet chatrooms, non-medical devices were presented as tools for life-saving cricothyroidotomies. However, there is uncertainty about whether it is possible for a bystander to perform a cricothyroidotomy and maintain gas exchange using improvised household items. This study examines the ability of bystanders to carry out an emergency cricothyroidotomy in fresh human cadavers using only a pocket knife and a ballpoint pen...
January 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798932/clinical-presentation-magnetic-resonance-angiography-ultrasound-findings-and-stroke-patterns-in-patients-with-vertebral-artery-dissection
#20
Albrecht Günther, Otto W Witte, Martin Freesmeyer, Robert Drescher
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vertebral artery dissection (VAD) is an important cause of ischemic stroke. In this observational study, clinical data, magnetic resonance (MR) and ultrasound (US) imaging findings and ischemic patterns were analyzed. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with a diagnosis of VAD underwent clinical examination, US, MR of the brain and neck and MR angiography (MRA) of the cervical arteries. Vascular abnormalities and ischemic brain lesions were noted. Data were evaluated separately and compared for spontaneous and traumatic VAD subgroups...
2016: European Neurology
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