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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343192/post-stroke-fatigue-and-its-dimensions-within-first-3-months-after-stroke
#1
Iryna I Delva, Nataliya V Lytvynenko, Mykhaylo Y Delva
INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common stroke complication with long-term negative consequences. AIM: Assess the qualitative and quantitative PSF characteristics during 3 month post-stroke period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were examined 141 patients with acute ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes at hospital stay, in 1, 2 and 3 months after stroke. PSF was measured by fatigue assessment scale (FAS), multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 (MFI-20) and fatigue severity scale (FSS)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343087/cad-cam-machining-vs-pre-sintering-in-lab-fabrication-techniques-of-y-tzp-ceramic-specimens-effects-on-their-mechanical-fatigue-behavior
#2
C P Zucuni, L F Guilardi, S Fraga, L G May, G K R Pereira, L F Valandro
This study evaluated the effects of different pre-sintering fabrication processing techniques of Y-TZP ceramic (CAD/CAM Vs. in-lab), considering surface characteristics and mechanical performance outcomes. Pre-sintered discs of Y-TZP ceramic (IPS e.max ZirCAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) were produced using different pre-sintering fabrication processing techniques: Machined- milling with a CAD/CAM system; Polished- fabrication using a cutting device followed by polishing (600 and 1200 SiC papers); Xfine- fabrication using a cutting machine followed by grinding with extra-fine diamond bur (grit size 30 μm); Fine- fabrication using a cutting machine followed by grinding with fine diamond bur (grit size 46 μm); SiC- fabrication using a cutting machine followed by grinding with 220 SiC paper...
March 18, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343068/the-role-of-trail-in-fatigue-induced-by-repeated-stress-from-radiotherapy
#3
Li Rebekah Feng, Simeng Suy, Sean P Collins, Leorey N Saligan
Fatigue is one of the most common and debilitating side effects of cancer and cancer treatment, and yet its etiology remains elusive. The goal of this study is to understand the role of chronic inflammation in fatigue following repeated stress from radiotherapy. Fatigue and non-fatigue categories were assessed using ≥ 3-point change in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue questionnaire (FACT-F) administered to participants at baseline/before radiotherapy and one year post-radiotherapy. Whole genome microarray and cytokine multiplex panel were used to examine fatigue-related transcriptome and serum cytokine changes, respectively...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342990/telephone-adapted-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-tmbsr-for-patients-awaiting-kidney-transplantation
#4
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342828/-resistance-training-for-muscle-weakness-in-multiple-sclerosis-direct-versus-contralateral-approach-in-individuals-with-ankle-dorsiflexors-disparity-in-strength
#5
Andrea Manca, Maria Paola Cabboi, Daniele Dragone, Francesca Ginatempo, Enzo Ortu, Edoardo Rosario De Natale, Beniamina Mercante, Giovanni Mureddu, Guido Bua, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To compare effects of contralateral strength training (CST) versus direct strength training (DST) of the more-affected ankle dorsiflexors on muscle performance and clinical-functional outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) exhibiting inter-limb strength asymmetry. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with relapsing-remitting MS and mild-to-moderate disability (EDSS≤6) presenting with ankle dorsiflexors' strength disparity...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342579/magnetic-mini-mover-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum-iv-fda-sponsored-multicenter-trial
#6
Claire E Graves, Shinjiro Hirose, Gary W Raff, Corey W Iqbal, Jill Imamura-Ching, Darrell Christensen, Richard Fechter, Dillon Kwiat, Michael R Harrison
PURPOSE: The Magnetic Mini-Mover Procedure (3MP) is a minimally invasive treatment for prepubertal patients with pectus excavatum. This multicenter trial sought to supplement safety and efficacy data from an earlier pilot trial. METHODS: Fifteen patients with pectus excavatum had a titanium-enclosed magnet implanted on the sternum. Externally, patients wore a custom-fitted magnetic brace. Patients were monitored closely for safety. Efficacy was determined by the Haller Index (HI) and satisfaction surveys...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340429/simple-index-of-functional-connectivity-at-rest-in-multiple-sclerosis-fatigue
#7
Korhan Buyukturkoglu, Camillo Porcaro, Carlo Cottone, Andrea Cancelli, Matilde Inglese, Franca Tecchio
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the EEG-derived functional connectivity at rest (FCR) patterns of fatigued Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients in order to find good parameters for a future EEG-Neurofeedback intervention to reduce their fatigue symptoms. METHODS: We evaluated FCR between hemispheric homologous areas, via spectral coherence between pairs of corresponding left and right bipolar derivations, in the Theta, Alpha and Beta bands. We estimated FCR in 18MS patients with different levels of fatigue and minimal clinical severity and in 11 age and gender matched healthy controls...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340256/sleep-disturbance-of-adults-with-a-brain-tumor-and-their-family-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#8
Megan Soohwa Jeon, Haryana M Dhillon, Meera R Agar
The high incidence and psychophysiological morbidities of sleep disturbance in cancer have been increasingly recognized. Yet, more detailed understanding of sleep disturbance and options for management have been neglected areas in both clinical care and research. Brain tumor patients have been particularly overlooked. A systematic search of the literature from 1990 to 2015 was performed to review sleep disturbance in adults with primary or secondary brain tumor and their family caregivers. Fifty eligible studies were identified, of which 12 focused on sleep, 37 reported sleep items within a health-related quality of life measure and 1 reported caregivers' sleep...
March 15, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340105/morin-stain-detects-aluminum-containing-macrophages-in-macrophagic-myofasciitis-and-vaccination-granuloma-with-high-sensitivity-and-specificity
#9
Rati Chkheidze, Dennis K Burns, Charles L White, Diana Castro, Julie Fuller, Chunyu Cai
Macrophagic myofasciitis (MMF) is an inflammatory condition associated with the intramuscular (i.m.) injection of aluminum adjuvant-containing vaccines. It is clinically characterized by myalgia, weakness, and chronic fatigue and histologically by aggregates of cohesive macrophages with abundant basophilic, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, diastase-resistant granules that percolate through the peri- and endomysium without eliciting substantial myofiber damage. The definitive diagnosis of MMF requires demonstration of aluminum within these macrophages...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339900/electronic-clinical-decision-support-for-blood-product-ordering-reduces-unnecessary-transfusion-but-may-induce-alert-fatigue
#10
Jeffrey Papiernik, Ji Won Ahn, Ronald Jackups
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339702/subclinical-chronic-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-resulting-from-phosphine-poisoning
#11
E Szymczyk, M Wiszniewska, J Walusiak-Skorupa, J D Kasprzak, P Lipiec
We present a case of a 32-year-old male crew member of a cargo ship, accidentally exposed to phosphine, a fumigating substance. He and other crew members developed increasing fatigue and digestive disorders 24 h later; two died from acute pulmonary oedema. The patient was admitted to hospital, where bilateral pneumonia, acute nephritis, hepatopathy, electrolyte imbalance and leucopenia were diagnosed. He was discharged from hospital 3 weeks later. He was examined 4 months later for possible chronic consequences of acute phosphine poisoning, which included echocardiography showing normal heart size and cardiac function...
February 21, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339438/the-role-of-autonomic-function-in-exercise-induced-endogenous-analgesia-a-case-control-study-in-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-healthy-people
#12
Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Uros Marusic, Inge De Wandele, Lorna Paul, Mira Meeus, Greta Moorkens, Luc Lambrecht, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) are unable to activate brain-orchestrated endogenous analgesia (or descending inhibition) in response to exercise. This physiological impairment is currently regarded as one factor explaining post-exertional malaise in these patients. Autonomic dysfunction is also a feature of ME/CFS. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the role of the autonomic nervous system in exercise-induced analgesia in healthy people and those with ME/CFS, by studying the recovery of autonomic parameters following aerobic exercise and the relation to changes in self-reported pain intensity...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339406/does-intensive-upper-limb-treatment-modality-hybrid-constrained-induced-movement-therapy-h-cimt-improve-grip-and-pinch-strength-or-fatigability-of-the-affected-hand
#13
L Brauers, M M E Geijen, L A W M Speth, E A A Rameckers
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of Hybrid-Constrained Induced Movement Therapy (H-CIMT), defined as CIMT combined with Bimanual Intensive Movement Therapy (BIMT), on grip and pinch strength and fatigability we measured grip and pinch strength and fatigability during clinical H-CIMT. METHODS: The children participated in a H-CIMT model organized in a therapeutic summer-camp. Children received 90 hours of intensive treatment. Grip and pinch strength and fatigability was measured and fatigue was calculated according to a Static Fatigue Index (SFI)...
2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339355/psychometric-properties-of-sleep-and-coping-numeric-rating-scales-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-subanalysis-of-an-etanercept-trial
#14
Pedro Avila-Ribeiro, Yves Brault, Maxime Dougados, Laure Gossec
OBJECTIVES: In rheumatoid arthritis, quality of sleep and ability to cope are important for patients; however their usefulness as outcome measures is not well established. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of an open-label 12-week trial of etanercept in biologic-naïve rheumatoid arthritis patients with visits at screening, baseline and over 12 weeks. Outcomes measured included Disease Activity Score 28 erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28), numeric rating scales for sleep, coping, patient and physician-global assessment, pain and fatigue, and modified-HAQ...
March 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338983/multi-site-clinical-assessment-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-mcam-design-and-implementation-of-a-prospective-retrospective-rolling-cohort-study
#15
Elizabeth R Unger, Jin-Mann S Lin, Hao Tian, Benjamin H Natelson, Gudrun Lange, Diana Vu, Michelle Blate, Nancy G Klimas, Elizabeth G Balbin, Lucinda Bateman, Ali Allen, Charles W Lapp, Wendy Springs, Andreas M Kogelnik, Catrina C Phan, Joan Danver, Richard N Podell, Trisha Fitzpatrick, Daniel L Peterson, C Gunnar Gottschalk, Mangalathu S Rajeevan
In the Multi-Site Clinical Assessment of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (MCAM), we relied on expert clinician diagnoses to enroll patients from 7 specialty clinics in the United States in order to perform a systematic collection of data on measures of myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME)/chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Healthy persons and those with other illnesses that share some features with ME/CFS were enrolled in comparison groups. The major objectives were to: 1) use standardized questionnaires to measure illness domains of ME/CFS and to evaluate patient heterogeneity overall and between clinics; 2) describe the course of illness, identify the measures that best correlate with meaningful clinical differences, and assess the performances of questionnaires as patient/person-reported outcome measures; 3) describe prescribed medications, orders for laboratory and other tests, and management tools used by expert clinicians to care for persons with ME/CFS; 4) collect biospecimens for future hypothesis testing and for evaluation of morning cortisol profiles; and 5) identify measures that best distinguish persons with ME/CFS from those in the comparison groups and detect subgroups of persons with ME/CFS who may have different underlying causes...
March 17, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338413/human-tissue-engineered-skeletal-muscle-myobundles-to-measure-oxygen-uptake-and-assess-mitochondrial-toxicity
#16
Brittany N J Davis, Jeffrey W Santoso, Michaela J Walker, Cindy S Cheng, Timothy R Koves, William E Kraus, George A Truskey
Mitochondrial dysfunction is responsible for the toxicity of a number of drugs. Current isolated mitochondria or cellular monoculture mitochondrial respiration measurement systems lack physiological relevance. Using a tissue engineering rather than cell- or mitochondria-based approach enables a more physiologically relevant detection of drug-induced mitochondrial impairment. To probe oxygen consumption and mitochondrial health, we assayed the bioenergetic profile of engineered three-dimensional human skeletal muscle myobundles derived from primary myoblasts...
March 24, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338369/dha-rich-fish-oil-increases-the-omega-3-index-and-lowers-the-oxygen-cost-of-physiologically-stressful-cycling-in-trained-individuals
#17
Lachlan Hingley, Michael J Macartney, Marc A Brown, Peter L McLennan, Gregory E Peoples
Dietary fish oil, providing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) modulates oxygen consumption and fatigue in animal models. However, in humans predominately supplemented with high eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), there is no evidence of endurance performance enhancement. Therefore, this study examined if DHA-rich fish oil could improve repeated bouts of physiologically stressful cycling and a subsequent time trial in a state of fatigue. Twenty-six trained males took part in a double-blind study and were supplemented with either 2x1g/day soy oil (Control) or DHA-rich tuna fish oil (Nu-Mega) (FO) (560mg DHA / 140mg eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)) for eight weeks...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338362/the-effects-of-caffeine-taurine-or-caffeine-taurine-co-ingestion-on-repeat-sprint-cycling-performance-and-physiological-responses
#18
Rory Warnock, Owen Jeffries, Stephen Patterson, Mark Waldron
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of caffeine (C), taurine (T), caffeine and taurine co-ingestion (C+T) or placebo (P) on repeated Wingate cycling performance and associated physiological responses. METHODS: Seven male team sports players participated in a randomised, single-blind, cross-over study, where they completed three Wingate tests, each separated by 2-min, an hour after ingesting: C (5 mg/kg BM), T (50 mg/kg BM), C+T (5 mg/kg BM + 50 mg/kg BM) or P (5 mg/kg BM) in a gelatine capsule...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338357/neuromuscular-fatigue-after-repeated-jumping-with-concomitant-electrical-stimulation
#19
Daria Neyroud, Jimmy Samararatne, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
PURPOSE: We evaluated the etiology and extent of neuromuscular fatigue induced by fifty squat jumps performed with and without neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the knee extensors. METHODS: Nine healthy recreationally active males (24 ± 2 years old) took part in two experiments. These consisted of fifty squat jumps performed with stimulation (NMES) or without (CON). Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, maximal voluntary activation level (VAL) and forces evoked by single and double (10 and 100 Hz) stimulations were recorded before and after the fifty jumps...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338349/clinical-features-of-children-and-adults-with-a-muscular-dystrophy-using-powered-indoor-outdoor-wheelchairs-disease-features-comorbidities-and-complications-of-disability
#20
Andrew Oliver Frank, Lorraine H De Souza
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchair users with a muscular dystrophy, likely to influence optimal prescription; reflecting features of muscular dystrophies, conditions secondary to disability, and comorbidities impacting on equipment provision. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective case note review of recipients of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchairs provided by a specialist regional wheelchair service...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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