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Endoscopy associated infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917345/cholecystectomy-and-duodenogastric-reflux-interacting-effects-over-the-gastric-mucosa
#1
Erdinc Mercan, Ugur Duman, Deniz Tihan, Evren Dilektasli, Kazim Senol
AIMS: To evaluate association between duodenogastric reflux and early gastric mucosal changes before and after the cholecystectomy procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were evaluated with preoperative and postoperative endoscopy and endoscopic biopsy. Demographic and clinical characteristics, histological parameters, presence of duodenogastric reflux, and Updated Sydney scores were noted. RESULTS: A total of fifty patients who obeyed the follow-up were enrolled into the study...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906164/early-sigmoidoscopy-or-colonoscopy-is-associated-with-improved-hospital-outcomes-in-ulcerative-colitis-related-hospitalization
#2
Kenneth Obi, Alice Hinton, Lindsay Sobotka, Razvan Arsenescu, Somashekar G Krishna, Edward J Levine, Cheng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Performing a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy is recommended for assessment of disease activity, excluding infection, and guiding medical treatment during ulcerative colitis (UC)-related hospitalizations. However, it is unknown whether the timing of endoscopy impacts clinical outcomes. The objective of our study was to determine the impact of timing of endoscopy on hospital outcomes in patients with UC-related hospitalizations. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2006-2013)...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895408/molecular-detection-of-helicobacter-pylori-antibiotic-resistance-in-stool-vs-biopsy-samples
#3
Denise E Brennan, Joseph Omorogbe, Mary Hussey, Donal Tighe, Grainne Holleran, Colm O'Morain, Sinéad M Smith, Deirdre McNamara
AIM: To compare (1) demographics in urea breath test (UBT) vs endoscopy patients; and (2) the molecular detection of antibiotic resistance in stool vs biopsy samples. METHODS: Six hundred and sixteen adult patients undergoing endoscopy or a UBT were prospectively recruited to the study. The GenoType HelicoDR assay was used to detect Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and antibiotic resistance using biopsy and/or stool samples from CLO-positive endoscopy patients and stool samples from UBT-positive patients...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866488/disposable-bronchoscope-model-for-simulating-endoscopic-reprocessing-and-surveillance-cultures
#4
Mohamed H Yassin, Rahman Hariri, Yasir Hamad, Juliet Ferrelli, Leeanna McKibben, Yohei Doi
BACKGROUND Endoscope-associated infections are reported despite following proper reprocessing methods. Microbiological testing can confirm the adequacy of endoscope reprocessing. Multiple controversies related to the method and interpretation of microbiological testing cultures have arisen that make their routine performance a complex target. OBJECTIVE We conducted a pilot study using disposable bronchoscopes (DBs) to simulate different reprocessing times and soaking times and to compare high-level disinfection versus ethylene oxide sterilization...
November 21, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862319/celiac-disease-and-h-pylori-infection-in-children-is-there-any-association
#5
Manish Narang, Amarender Singh Puri, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Jatinderpal Singh, Ajay Kumar, R K Saran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection can influence the inflammatory and immune responses in the gut and may therefore play a role in the development of gluten related enteropathy in genetically susceptible individuals. Our objective was to assess the relationship between celiac disease and HP infection in children. METHODS: Children (1-18 years) diagnosed as celiac disease (CD) (n = 324) with submission of gastric and duodenal biopsies and duodenal histology having Marsh grade III features were eligible for the study...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833394/two-cases-of-adenocarcinoma-occurring-in-sporadic-fundic-gland-polyps-observed-by-magnifying-endoscopy-with-narrow-band-imaging
#6
Kazumi Togo, Tetsuya Ueo, Hirotoshi Yonemasu, Hideho Honda, Tetsuya Ishida, Hiroshi Tanabe, Kenshi Yao, Akinori Iwashita, Kazunari Murakami
Gastric fundic gland polyps (FGPs) are common non-adenomatous gastric polyps arising from normal fundic mucosa without Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Although systemic FGPs associated with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) often have dysplasia, there are few reports of dysplasia occurring in sporadic FGPs, especially when detected by magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (ME-NBI). We experienced two cases of adenocarcinoma occurring in sporadic FGPs, and their ME-NBI findings were very useful for differentiating FGP with cancer from non-dysplastic FGP...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809451/gastric-cancer-and-family-history
#7
REVIEW
Yoon Jin Choi, Nayoung Kim
Gastric cancer is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Identifying individuals at high risk is important for surveillance and prevention of gastric cancer. Having first-degree relatives diagnosed with gastric cancer is a strong and consistent risk factor for gastric cancer, but the pathogenic mechanisms behind this familial aggregation are unclear. Against this background, we reviewed the risk factors for gastric cancer in those with a first-degree relative with gastric cancer, and the possible causes for familial clustering of gastric cancer including bacterial factors, inherited genetic susceptibility, environmental factors or a combination thereof...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804306/regression-of-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia-after-the-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-a-hospital-in-mexico
#8
Jaime Alberto Sánchez Cuén, Ana Bertha Irineo Cabrales, Gregorio Bernal Magaña, Felipe Peraza Garay
BACKGROUND: Intestinal metaplasia is a precursor lesion of gastric cancer. Infection by Helicobacter pylori is the principal cause of metaplasia. While evidence of the regression of metaplasia after treatment to eradicate this infection has been demonstrated, controversy remains with regard to this subject. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of the regression of gastric intestinal metaplasia one year after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori...
November 2, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785038/association-of-medications-for-lifestyle-related-diseases-with-reflux-esophagitis
#9
Daisuke Asaoka, Akihito Nagahara, Mariko Hojo, Kenshi Matsumoto, Hiroya Ueyama, Kohei Matsumoto, Kentaro Izumi, Tsutomu Takeda, Hiroyuki Komori, Yoichi Akazawa, Yuji Shimada, Taro Osada, Sumio Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Because of a change in lifestyle, especially adoption of westernized eating habits, lifestyle-related diseases have become increasingly prevalent. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of medications for lifestyle-related diseases with reflux esophagitis (RE). METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based, cross-sectional retrospective study of consecutive outpatients who received an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in our department from February 2008 to November 2014, which was performed by one specialist who was a member of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780940/-gastric-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-based-on-outcome-of-domestic-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Jin Tae Jung
Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. H. pylori eradication can be performed as a primary therapy regardless of H. pylori status. In Korea, six articles were published about low-grade gastric MALT lymphoma with H. pylori. Complete regression rate after H. pylori eradication is reported at 74.5% to 94.4%. Radiotherapy results in favorable clinical long-term outcomes in patients with early-stage gastric MALT lymphoma who fail H. pylori eradication therapy and those who are H...
October 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777899/helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-associated-with-decreased-expression-of-slc5a8-a-cancer-suppressor-gene-in-young-children
#11
Andrea Orellana-Manzano, Miguel G O'Ryan, Anne J Lagomarcino, Sergio George, Mindy S Muñoz, Nora Mamani, Carolina A Serrano, Paul R Harris, Octavio Ramilo, Asunción Mejías, Juan P Torres, Yalda Lucero, Andrew F G Quest
Background:Helicobacter pylori infects half of the world's population and causes gastric cancer in a subset of infected adults. Previous blood microarray findings showed that apparently healthy children, persistently infected with H. pylori have differential gene expression compared to age-matched, non-infected children. SLC5A8, a cancer suppressor gene with decreased expression among infected children, was chosen for further study based on bioinformatics analysis. Methods: A pilot study was conducted using specific qRT-PCR amplification of SLC5A8 in blood samples from H...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749768/emergency-readmission-following-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#12
Martin Strömdahl, Johan Helgeson, Evangelos Kalaitzakis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence, clinical predictors, and associated mortality of all-cause emergency readmissions after acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with AUGIB from an area of 600 000 inhabitants in Sweden admitted in a single institution in 2009-2011 were retrospectively identified. All medical records were scrutinized and relevant data (such as comorbid illness and medications, endoscopy, rebleeding, inhospital mortality, and 30-day emergency readmission) were extracted...
January 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722154/etiology-and-prevention-of-gastric-cancer
#13
Xiao Jiao Cheng, Jia Cheng Lin, Shui Ping Tu
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is a heterogeneous malignant disease associated with environmental and genetic predisposing factors. While gastric cancer incidence and mortality fell greatly globally over the past decades, it remains the fourth cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Thus, prevention of gastric cancer is still a major strategy for improvement of gastric cancer prognosis. SUMMARY: Helicobacter pylori infection has been demonstrated to be a major risk factor for the development of gastric cancer...
September 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704056/endoureteral-management-of-renal-graft-ureteral-stenosis-by-the-use-of-long-term-metal-stent-an-appealing-treatment-option
#14
Patrick-Julien Treacy, Art R Rastinehad, Laetitia Imbert de la Phalecque, Laetitia Albano, Matthieu Durand
Background: Ureteral stenosis is part of the common complications of renal graft reported in 3% to 7% of cases. Multiple treatments have been introduced regarding length and position of the stenosis. Metal stents for urologic purpose were created in 1998. Double percutaneous antegrade and transurethral retrograde access to a ureteral stenosis to a long-term metal stent procedure has been rarely described. Case Presentation: Here, we present a case of a ureteral stricture in a double ipsilateral kidney graft with a common ureter...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703018/experimental-induction-of-mycotic-plaques-in-the-guttural-pouches-of-horses
#15
Maria Carla Greppi, Jacques Guillot, Elise Melloul, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Olivier Lepage, Jean-Luc Cadoré
Guttural pouch mycosis (GPM) is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition in horses. GPM is caused by a fungal invasion into the mucosal lining of the guttural pouches and, frequently, the associated neurovascular structures. Although several species of fungi have been associated with this disease, Aspergillus spp. appear to be the most common isolated from the guttural pouches. However, it remains unclear which are the predisposing factors leading to the development of the infection. The objectives of the present study were to experimentally reproduce an infection by Aspergillus fumigatus and to follow the natural evolution of the mycosis...
October 4, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698970/association-between-pattern-of-gastritis-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#16
Hossein Nobakht, Amirhossein Boghratian, Masoudreza Sohrabi, Mohammad Panahian, Naser Rakhshani, Mehdi Nikkhah, Hossein Ajdarkosh, Gholamreza Hemmasi, Mahmoodreza Khonsari, Ali Gholami, Neda Rabiei, Farhad Zamani
: BACKGROUND Reflux disease is a common gastrointestinal problem. The association between reflux disease and gastritis pattern is controversial. AIM: To determine the association between reflux disease and gastritis pattern in patients with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. METHODS 470 patients with dyspepsia and reflux disease were enrolled in this study. The inclusion criteria were willing to participate in the study, age over 40 years, and having the criteria of ROME III for at least 3 months...
July 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686318/henoch-schonlein-purpura-without-typical-lesions-presenting-with-gastrointestinal-manifestations-and-kidney-involvement-following-influenza-a-case-report
#17
Chan Won Park, In Seok Lim, Sin Weon Yun, Soo Ahn Chae, Na Mi Lee, Dae Yong Yi
We report a case of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) presenting without typical skin lesion; atypical symptoms initially appeared following influenza infection. A 4-year-old girl with influenza presented with epigastric pain and vomiting. On physical examination, there was epigastric tenderness, but no other signs, such as skin rash. On the second day, she vomited blood 10 times. Ultrasonography indicated focal bowel wall thickening in the right upper quadrant. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed oedematous and purpuric mucosa in the gastric pylorus and duodenum...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683772/inflammatory-disorders-associated-with-helicobacter-pylori-in-the-roux-en-y-bypass-gastric-pouch
#18
Luiz Claudio Lopes Chaves, Isabela Klautau Leite Chaves Borges, Maíra Danielle Gomes de Souza, Ian Passos Silva, Lyz Bezerra Silva, Marcelo Alexandre Prado Magalhães, Allan Herbert Feliz Fonseca, Josemberg Marins Campos
Background: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in obese candidates for bariatric surgery and its role in the emergence of inflammatory lesions after surgery has not been well established. Aim: To identify the incidence of inflammatory lesions in the stomach after bariatric surgery and to correlate it with H. pylori infection. Methods: This is a prospective study with 216 patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. These patients underwent histopathological endoscopy to detect H...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627819/a-pseudo-outbreak-of-pseudomonas-putida-and-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-in-a-bronchoscopy-unit
#19
Maribel Botana-Rial, Virginia Leiro-Fernández, Manuel Núñez-Delgado, Maximiliano Álvarez-Fernández, Susana Otero-Fernández, Helena Bello-Rodríguez, Carlos Vilariño-Pombo, Alberto Fernández-Villar
BACKGROUND: Endoscopes represent the medical devices most commonly linked to health care-associated outbreaks and pseudo-outbreaks. Most of the recent outbreaks and pseudo-outbreaks have resulted from contaminated automated endoscope reprocessors (AER) or the use of damaged or malfunctioning bronchoscopes or contaminated equipment. OBJECTIVES: We investigated a pseudo-outbreak of Pseudomonas putida and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia recovered from bronchial washing (BW) specimens obtained during bronchoscopy in a bronchoscopy unit...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621611/association-between-helicobacter-pylori-seropositivity-and-mild-to-moderate-copd-clinical-implications-in-an-asian-country-with-a-high-prevalence-of-h-pylori
#20
Ha Youn Lee, Ji Won Kim, Jung Kyu Lee, Eun Young Heo, Hee Soon Chung, Deog Keom Kim
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major cause of gastric diseases. The clinical implications of H. pylori infection in various diseases outside the gastrointestinal system have also been reported, including in some respiratory disorders. In this study, we investigated the seroprevalence of H. pylori in patients with mild to moderate COPD in an Asian country with a high prevalence of H. pylori infection. Also, we aimed to elucidate the association between the seroprevalence of H...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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