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Loretta Ma, AnneMarie Gagnon, Anne Landry, Timothea Le, Fengxia Xiao, Cathy Sun, Heather A Lochnan, Dylan Burger, Alexander Sorisky
When recombinant human (rh) thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is administered to thyroid cancer survivors, an acute extra-thyroidal effect raises pro-inflammatory cytokines and activates platelets. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine recently implicated in platelet activation. Our aim was to measure platelet microparticle levels after rhTSH stimulation in vivo, and to investigate TSLP expression in TSH-stimulated human adipocytes in culture. Blood samples for total and platelet microparticle analysis were obtained from thyroid cancer survivors before (day 1) and after rhTSH administration (day 5)...
February 19, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Mohammad A M Momin, Ian G Tucker, Colin S Doyle, John A Denman, Shubhra Sinha, Shyamal C Das
High dose delivery of drugs to the lung using a dry powder inhaler (DPI) is an emerging approach to combat drug-resistant local infections. To achieve this, highly aerosolizable powders are required. We hypothesized that co-spray-drying kanamycin, a hydrophilic hygroscopic antibiotic, with rifampicin, a hydrophobic antibiotic, would produce inhalable particles with surfaces enriched in rifampicin. Such particles would have higher aerosolization than kanamycin alone, and minimise the mass of powder for inhalation avoiding use of non-active excipients...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Rebecca L Scalzo, Timothy A Bauer, Kylie Harrall, Kerrie Moreau, Cemal Ozemek, Leah Herlache, Shawna McMillin, Amy G Huebschmann, Jennifer Dorosz, Jane E B Reusch, Judith G Regensteiner
Background: People with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have impaired exercise capacity, even in the absence of complications, which is predictive of their increased cardiovascular mortality. Cardiovascular dysfunction is one potential cause of this exercise defect. Acute infusion of vitamin C has been separately shown to improve diastolic and endothelial function in prior studies. We hypothesized that acute vitamin C infusion would improve exercise capacity and that these improvements would be associated with improved cardiovascular function...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Haiyang Liu, Miao Ren, Zhaocheng Zhang, Jiao Qu, Ying Ma, Nan Lu
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/agarose (AG) membrane on the ITO (indium tin oxide) conductive glass, with high efficiency of electrocatalytic degradation for rhodamine B (Rh-B) in water, was prepared using an easy and green method. The prepared CNTs/AG membrane was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive spectra (EDS), infrared spectroscopy (IR), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results revealed that CNTs were dispersed in the AG membrane...
February 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jiaqi Yu, Maria-Cristina Romeo, Alex A Cavallaro, Hak-Kim Chan
Amorphous powders are thermodynamically unstable, significantly impacting the processing, storage and performance of a product. Therefore, stabilization of the amorphous contents is in demand. In this study, disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) powder was chosen as a model drug because it is amorphous and highly hygroscopic after spray drying. Sodium stearate (NaSt) was co-spray dried with DSCG at various concentrations (10, 50 and 90% w/w) to investigate its effect against moisture-induced deterioration on the in vitro aerosolization performance of DSCG...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Sonam Chaudhary, Sajana Deuja, Munna Alam, Poonam Karmacharya, Monami Mondal
INTRODUCTION: Blood grouping is conventionally done with invasive method by taking blood samples. The objective of this study is to determine blood group with uninvasive procedure by taking fingerprints of the participants and know the associations between their fingerprints and blood groups. METHODS: Seven hundred participants of both genders with no any age limitation from Manipal Teaching Hospital and Manipal College of Medical Sciences were randomly selected...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Antonino Tuttolomondo, Salvatore Petta, Alessandra Casuccio, Carlo Maida, Vittoriano Della Corte, Mario Daidone, Domenico Di Raimondo, Rosaria Pecoraro, Roberto Fonte, Anna Cirrincione, Rita Zafonte, Daniela Cabibi, Calogero Cammà, Vito Di Marco, Anna Licata, Franco Magliozzo, Giulio Marchesini, Giovanni Merlino, Antonio Craxì, Antonio Pinto
BACKGROUND: No study evaluated vascular health markers in subjects with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) through a combined analysis of reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) and arterial stiffness indexes. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to assess whether NAFLD and its histological severity are associated with impairment of arterial stiffness and RH-PAT indexes in a mixed cohort of patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Kleiner classification was used to grade NAFLD grade...
February 16, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Sanaz Jafarpour Azami, Amir Amani, Hossein Keshavarz, Roqya Najafi-Taher, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammad Ali Faramarzi, Mahmood Mahmoudi, Saeedeh Shojaee
Treatment of toxoplasmosis is necessary in congenital form and immunocompromised patients. Atovaquone is a powerful suppressor of protozoan parasites with a broad-spectrum activity, but an extremely low water solubility and bioavailability. In this study, nanoemulsion of this drug was prepared with grape seed oil using spontaneous emulsification method to increase bioavailability and efficacy of atovaquone for treatment of toxoplasmosis. In vitro activity of atovaquone nanoemulsion against T. gondii, RH and Tehran strains, was assessed in HeLa cell culture...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Leijenaar Rth, Bogowicz M, Jochems A, Hoebers Fjp, Frederik Fwr, Huang Sh, Chan B, Waldron Jn, O'Sullivan B, Rietveld D, Leemans Cr, Brakenhoff Rh, Riesterer O, Tanadini-Lang S, Guckenberger M, Ikenberg K, Lambin P
OBJECTIVES: HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer (OPSCC) is biologically and clinically different from HPV negative OPSCC. Here, we evaluate the use of a radiomic approach to identify the HPV status of OPSCC. METHODS: Four independent cohorts, totaling 778 OPSCC patients with HPV determined by p16 were collected. We randomly assigned 80% of all data for model training (N=628) and 20% for validation (N=150). On the pre-treatment CT images, 902 radiomic features were calculated from the gross tumor volume (GTV)...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Fengjing Jiang, Li Dai, Ye Yao
Polyamide 6-LiCl (PA 6-LiCl) electrospun nanofibrous membranes (NFMs) have been successfully prepared as novel solid desiccant materials. The NFM with LiCl content of 20% had a sorption capacity of 1.8 g g-1 at 25℃ and 95% RH (relative humidity), which was 4 times more than that of silica gels. The desorption isobars of the NFMs indicated that over 85% of sorbed water in the NFMs can be desorbed at about 50℃, and the low regeneration temperature made it promising as an energy-saving desiccant material. The experimental results manifested that the sorption/desorption kinetics of the NFMs better fit the pseudo-second order model...
February 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
Tsz Wai Ng, Wing Lam Chan, Ka Man Lai
Finding ways to predict and control the survival of bacterial aerosols can contribute to the development of ways to alleviate a number of crucial microbiological problems. Significant damage in the membrane integrity of Escherichia coli during aerosolization and airborne suspension has been revealed which has prompted the question of how the membrane fatty acid composition and fluidity influence the survival of airborne bacteria. Two approaches of using isogenic mutants and different growth temperatures were selected to manipulate the membrane fatty acid composition of E...
February 15, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Ying Zhang, Hongyu Xiang, Liang Sun, Qiuhong Xie, Man Liu, Yu Chen, Shengping Ruan
LiCl/NaA zeolite composites were successfully prepared by doping 1 wt%, 2 wt%, 5 wt%, and 8 wt% of LiCl into NaA zeolite. The humidity sensing properties of LiCl/NaA composites were investigated among 11% 95% relative humidity (RH). The LiCl/NaA composites exhibited better humidity sensing properties than pure NaA zeolite. The sensor made by 2 wt% Li-doped NaA zeolite possesses the best linearly in the whole RH. These results demonstrate that the LiCl/NaA composites have the potential application in humidity sensing...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
M De Bardi, R Müller, C Grünzweig, D Mannes, M Rigollet, F Bamberg, T A Jung, K Yang
Staked-in needle pre-fillable syringes (SIN-PFS) are a convenient delivery system widely established in the growing pharmaceutical market. Under specific storage conditions, the needle of PFS containing high concentration drug product (DP) solution is prone to clogging, which prevents administration of the liquid. The purpose of this study is to clarify the clogging phenomenon of SIN-PFS and to elucidate the role of water vapor transmission via the needle shield. The presence of liquid within needles is a prerequisite condition for clogging and was investigated non-invasively by neutron imaging (NI) to confirm that liquid can migrate into the needle under certain processing conditions...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Bin-Bin Zhang, Cong Wang, Song-Tao Dong, Yang-Yang Lv, Lunyong Zhang, Yadong Xu, Y B Chen, Jian Zhou, Shu-Hua Yao, Yan-Feng Chen
The triangular lattice Na x RhO 2 contains a 4d Rh element with large spin-orbit coupling, and the electron-electron correlation effect is expected to have some novel physical properties. Here we report NaRhO 2 crystal growth by Na 2 CO 3 vapor growth and a series of Na x RhO 2 (0.25 ≤ x ≤ 1) crystals prepared using the chemical desodiation method. Na x RhO 2 reveals a layer structure with the space group R3̅m, and the lattice parameter a evolves from 3.09 to 3.03 Å and c from 15.54 to 15.62 Å when x decreases from 1...
February 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Qiong Wang, Fang Huang, Langhuan Jiang, Chuanxue Zhang, Chuanzhi Sun, Jianbiao Liu, Dezhan Chen
The mechanism of B(C 6 F 5 ) 3 promoted Cp*Co III -catalyzed C-H functionalization was investigated in detail employing density functional theory (DFT). The formation free energy of every possible species in the multicomponent complex system was explored and the optimal active catalyst was screened out. The results uncover the role of B(C 6 F 5 ) 3 played in forming active catalyst is from the coordination with OAc - , but not from the formation of [I(C 6 F 5 ) 3 B] - , and no acceleration effect is found in C-H activation as well as the formation of Co III -carbene intermediate...
February 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Bradley J McCullough, Bertrand J Neyhouse, Briana R Schrage, Demi T Reed, Allen J Osinski, Christopher J Ziegler, Travis A White
The synthesis of two new heteroleptic Cu(I) photosensitizers (PS), [Cu(Xantphos)(NN)]PF 6 (NN = biq = 2,2'-biquinoline, dmebiq = 2,2'-biquinoline-4,4'-dimethyl ester; Xantphos = 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene), along with the associated structural, photophysical, and electrochemical properties, are described. The biquinoline diimine ligand extends the PS light absorbing properties into the visible with a maximum absorption at 455 and 505 nm for NN = biq and dmebiq, respectively, in CH 2 Cl 2 solvent...
February 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Jicheng Feng, Dong Chen, Ahmad Sediq, Stefan Romeijn, Frans D Tichelaar, Wim Jiskoot, Jun Yang, Marc T M Koper
A key enabling step in leveraging the properties of nanoparticles (NPs) is to explore new, simple, controllable, and scalable nanotechnologies for their syntheses. Among 'wet' methods, cathodic corrosion has been used to synthesize catalytic aggre-gates with some control over their size and preferential faceting. Here, we report on a modification of the cathodic corrosion method for producing a range of non-aggregated nanocrystals (Pt, Pd, Au, Ag, Cu, Rh, Ir, Ni) and nanoalloys (Pt50Au50, Pd50Au50, AgxAu100-x) with potential for scaling up the production rate...
February 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shi-Wu Li, Qian Wan, Qiang Kang
An efficient enantioselective conjugate addition of pyrazolones with α,β-unsaturated 2-acyl imidazoles catalyzed by chiral-at-metal rhodium complex is reported. The corresponding adducts were obtained in good yields (85%-96%) with excellent enantioselectivities (up to >99%). This protocol exhibits extraordinary reactivity, because of the fact that a complex with as little as 0.05 mol % Rh(III) can catalyze the title reaction on a gram-scale with excellent enantioselectivity.
February 15, 2018: Organic Letters
Hiroki Fukunaga, Masanori Tonouchi, Kouji Taniguchi, Wataru Kosaka, Shojiro Kimura, Hitoshi Miyasaka
Magnetic phase switching in a coordination polymer is reported, which is demonstrated by combining two processes: (A) the pre-organization of magnetic/redox-active molecules into a framework, and (B) a post-treatment through electrochemical tuning of the pre-organized molecules. A TTF .+ -TCNQ .- salt (TTF=tetrathiafulvalene; TCNQ=7,7,8,8-tetracyano-p-quinodimethane) was incorporated into a three-dimensional framework with paddlewheel-type dimetal(II, II) units ([M 2 II,II ]; M=Ru with S=1, 1; and Rh with S=0, 2), where the [M 2 II,II ] and TCNQ ...
February 15, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Ilan Marek, Longyang Dian
A large variety of highly diastereo- and enantiomerically enriched arylcyclopropanes is obtained through the asymmetric Rh-catalyzed arylation reaction of achiral non-functionalized cyclopropene derivatives with commercially available aryl boronic acids and (R,S)-Josiphos.
February 15, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
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