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T Zhang, C Zhang, R-X Chen, B Shao, G-A Liu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with coronary artery lesion quantitative score Syntax Score (SX score) and risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 115 patients with OSAHS admitted to the Department of Cardiology in our hospital from January 2011 to June 2015 were selected. Philips Respironics Alice 5 Polysomnography was used for sleep monitoring...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Timon M Fabius, Jeffrey R Benistant, Lindsey Bekkedam, Job van der Palen, Frans H C de Jongh, Michiel M M Eijsvogel
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common, and diagnosis requires expensive and laborious testing to assess the apnea hypopnea index (AHI). We performed an analysis to explore the relationship between the oxygen desaturation index (ODI) as measured with pulse oximetry and the AHI in our large portable monitoring (PM) database to find an optimal cutoff value for the ODI in order to be able to exclude AHI ≥ 5 on PM. METHODS: Three thousand four hundred thirteen PM recordings were randomly divided into a training set (N = 2281) and a test set (N = 1132)...
March 21, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Zijian Xiao, Ming Xie, Yong You, Heng Wu, Guijuan Zhou, Mingyong Li
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a frequent comorbidity in patients with wake-up stroke (WUS). It affects the occurrence of this disease through its interference of breathing changes and sleep quality. We aim to assess the performances of sleep-disordered breathing in WUS. A systematical search for the studies that investigated sleep-disordered breathing in WUS was done in PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Data were extracted by two independent investigators, and then analyzed using the Revman 5...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Do-Yang Park, Hyo Jin Chung, Sang Chul Park, Jin Won Kim, Joo-Heon Yoon, Jeung-Gweon Lee, Chang-Hoon Kim, Hyung-Ju Cho
PURPOSE: Considerable number of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) failed to respond to positive airway pressure therapy and so turned to surgical procedures. A wide variety of surgical procedures have been developed and advanced, according to obstruction and target site through nasal cavity to trachea. We introduced our overlapping lateral pharyngoplasty (OLP) technique as a surgical option for OSA and evaluated its surgical outcomes both with and without endoscope-guided coblator tongue base resection (CobTBR)...
March 21, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Maurits Boon, Colin Huntley, Armin Steffen, Joachim T Maurer, J Ulrich Sommer, Richard Schwab, Erica Thaler, Ryan Soose, Courtney Chou, Patrick Strollo, Eric J Kezirian, Stanley Chia, Kirk Withrow, Mark Weidenbecher, Kingman Strohl, Karl Doghramji, Benedikt Hofauer, Clemens Heiser
Objective Upper airway stimulation (UAS) is an alternative treatment option for patients unable to tolerate continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Studies support the safety and efficacy of this therapy. The aim of this registry is to collect retrospective and prospective objective and subjective outcome measures across multiple institutions in the United States and Germany. To date, it represents the largest cohort of patients studied with this therapy...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Ruifang Dong, Zhiling Dong, Hongmei Liu, Fangkun Shi, Junfeng Du
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is known to increase the risk of cerebrovascular disease (CVD), and patients with CVD have high incidence of OSA. The study aimed to systematically evaluate the prevalence of OSA in patients with CVD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index, Wanfang, CNKI, and Wiley Online Library were thoroughly searched to identify relevant studies. Random-effects models were used to calculate the pooled rate estimates...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Süheyl Haytoğlu, Osman Kürşat Arikan, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Birgül Tuhanioğlu, Mustafa Çörtük
We prospectively compared the efficacy of anterior palatoplasty and the uvulopalatal flap procedure for the treatment of patients with mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Our study group was made up of 45 patients who had been randomly assigned to undergo one of the two procedures. Palatoplasty was performed on 22 patients-12 men and 10 women, aged 28 to 49 years (mean: 39.2)-and the flap procedure was performed on 23 patients-14 men and 9 women, aged 28 to 56 years (mean: 41.3). Our primary outcomes measure was the difference in pre- and postoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) as determined by polysomnography at 6 months after surgery...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Katherine E Hicks, Kathleen R Billings, Chad A Purnell, John M Carter, Bharat Bhushan, Arun K Gosain, Dana M Thompson, Jeffrey C Rastatter
PURPOSE: Airway management in neonates with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) can be challenging. The goal was to describe the algorithm developed by the authors over the past 8 years. METHODS: A retrospective case series analyzing airway management in neonates with PRS admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at a tertiary care pediatric hospital was performed. The utility of the proposed algorithm for airway management incorporating more consistent use of polysomnography (PSG), and airway assessment was assessed...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Janki Shah, Jonathon O Russell, Tina Waters, Alan H Kominsky, Douglas Trask
OBJECTIVES: Hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HNS) therapy is an emerging surgical treatment for select patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study aims to compare outcomes in patients with moderate to severe OSA who underwent HNS surgery (Inspire Medical Systems) and those who underwent traditional airway reconstructive surgery, specifically uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP). METHODS: Patients who underwent HNS implantation (n = 20), all with moderate to severe OSA, inability to adhere to positive pressure therapy, and compliant with previously published inclusion criteria, were compared to a historical cohort that were intolerant of CPAP with similar inclusion criteria who all underwent UPPP (n = 20) with some also undergoing additional procedures such as septoplasty/turbinate reduction...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Julio Cesar Castellanos-Ramírez, Alvaro J Ruíz, Patricia Hidalgo-Martínez, Liliana Otero-Mendoza
Sleep studies conducted at an altitude that is different from the home altitude can yield misleading results regarding the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The objective of the present study was to determine the sleep characteristics of a patient undergoing polysomnography (PSG) in three Colombian cities at different altitudes (Bogotá, at 2,640 m above sea level [ASL]; Bucaramanga, at 959 m ASL; and Santa Marta, at 15 m ASL). The patient was an obese man with diabetes and suspected OSA. All PSG recordings were scored and interpreted in accordance with American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Suat Bilici, Ozgur Yigit, Ozlem Onerci Celebi, Ahmet Gorkem Yasak, Aytul Hande Yardimci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the hyoid-related cephalometric measurements and the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: A total of 56 subjects were evaluated by lateral cephalometric radiography and polysomnography (PSG). The OSA diagnosis was made according to the patients' AHI. Included were 13 primary snoring, 16 mild OSA, 10 moderate OSA, and 17 severe OSA. C3-hyoid distance and mentum-hyoid distance were measured on lateral cephalogram...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Daniel Shpilsky, Sebhat Erqou, Sanjay R Patel, Kevin E Kip, Oluremi Ajala, Aryan Aiyer, Patrick J Strollo, Steven E Reis, Oladipupo Olafiranye
Studies have reported an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Proposed mechanisms include endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the associations of OSA with endothelial dysfunction and subclinical atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD), and assess the impact of race on these associations. We used data from the Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (Heart SCORE) study, a community-based prospective cohort with approximately equal representation of black and white participants...
March 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
Victoria M Pak, Feng Dai, Brendan T Keenan, Nalaka S Gooneratne, Allan I Pack
Sleepiness and cardiovascular disease share common molecular pathways; thus, metabolic risk factors for sleepiness may also predict cardiovascular disease risk. Daytime sleepiness predicts mortality and cardiovascular disease, although the mechanism is unidentified. This study explored the associations between subjective sleepiness and metabolite concentrations in human blood plasma within the oxidative and inflammatory pathways, in order to identify mechanisms that may contribute to sleepiness and cardiovascular disease risk...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Rachel P Ogilvie, Kamakshi Lakshminarayan, Conrad Iber, Sanjay R Patel, Pamela L Lutsey
BACKGROUND: Although excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a common symptom of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and both EDS and OSA have separately been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), their joint association with CVD risk is unknown. METHODS: Among 3874 Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS) participants without prevalent CVD, moderate to severe OSA was defined by an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15 on an in-home polysomnography. EDS was defined as an Epworth Sleepiness Scale score ≥11...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
P E Vonk, A M E H Beelen, N de Vries
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different passive maneuvers on upper airway patency during drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) compared to recent literature on treatment outcomes of positional therapy (PT), oral appliance therapy (OAT), and combined treatment in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. METHODS: A retrospective, single-center cohort study including a consecutive series of 200 OSA patients. All patients underwent DISE with and without manually performed jaw thrust and lateral head rotation by using the VOTE classification...
March 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Jing Xu, Ning Ding, Xilong Zhang, Nana Wang, Bing Sun, Rong Zhang, Xiaochen Xie, Zongren Wan, Yanli Gu, Shan Zhang, Yongqing Hong, Mao Huang, Zili Meng
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) can induce dramatic blood pressure (BP) fluctuations during sleep and it can be associated with hypertension. We investigated the properties and associated influential factors of BP fluctuation in severe OSAS with and without hypertension. METHODS: Two hundred one severe OSAS subjects were divided into hypertensive and normotensive groups. BP was continuously monitored via measurement of pulse transmit time (PTT)...
March 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
You-Ning Gao, Yun-Chun Wu, Shih-Ying Lin, Jenny Zwei-Chieng Chang, Yu-Kang Tu
Many treatments have been proposed for adult obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but no comprehensive comparison of all interventions has been performed. We aimed to compare and rank the effectiveness of all minimally invasive treatments for adult OSA in a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Literature was searched within Ovid MedLine, EMBASE Classic+Embase, Cochrane library, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception to Aug 9th, 2016 for randomized controlled trials comparing minimally invasive treatments for adult OSA...
March 6, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Sylvan S Mintz, Reka Kovacs
PURPOSE: In 2005, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine stated, "Oral appliances are indicated for use in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who prefer them to CPAP therapy, or who do not respond to, are not appropriate candidates for, or who fail treatment attempts with CPAP." However, this recommendation is based upon variable results from only six studies with more than 100 participants. These studies have assessed the effectiveness of mandibular advancement devices (MADs) in specific groups (military populations, academic institutions, or hospital settings) with no large study conducted in a fee-for-service private practice where the majority of patients receive MADs for OSA...
March 8, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
F Santamaria-Martos, I Benítez, C Girón, F Barbé, M A Martínez-García, L Hernández, J M Montserrat, E Nagore, A Martorell-Calatayud, F Campos-Rodriguez, J Corral, V Cabriada, J Abad, O Mediano, M F Troncoso, I Cano-Pumarega, A M Fortuna Gutierrez, T Diaz-Cambriles, M Somoza-Gonzalez, I Almendros, R Farre, D Gozal, M Sánchez-de-la-Torre
The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between the severity of OSA and the levels of carcinogenesis- and tumour growth-related biomarkers, in patients with cutaneous melanoma (CM).This multicentre observational study included patients who were newly diagnosed with melanoma. The patients were classified as non-OSA (apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI); 0-5 events/h), mild-OSA (AHI; 5-15 events/h), and moderate to severe OSA (AHI>15 events/h). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were performed to analyse the serum levels of hypoxia- and tumour adhesion-related biomarkers (VEGF, IL8, ICAM-1, VCAM-1), and markers of tumour aggressiveness (S100B, MIA)...
March 9, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Catherine A Grodensky, Carol E Golin, Allison P Pack, Audrey Pettifor, Michele Demers, Cecelia Massa, Gift Kamanga, Kevin McKenna, Amy Corneli
OBJECTIVE: Individuals diagnosed with acute HIV infection (AHI) are highly infectious and require immediate HIV prevention efforts to minimize their likelihood of transmitting HIV to others. We sought to explore the relevance of Motivational Interviewing (MI), an evidence-based counseling method, for Malawians with AHI. METHODS: We designed a MI-based intervention called "Uphungu Wanga" to support risk reduction efforts immediately after AHI diagnosis...
February 7, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
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