keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AHI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635195/a-study-to-estimate-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-in-a-semi-urban-indian-population
#1
Abhijeet Singh, Rajendra Prasad, Rajiv Garg, Surya Kant, Giridhar B Hosmane, Abhisek Dubey, Abhisek Agarwal, Ram Kishun Verma
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) has been recognised as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries like India. There is still a paucity of Indian studies regarding the prevalence of OSAS. The current single centre prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken to know prevalence estimates for key symptoms and features that can indicate the presence of OSAS in an Indian population. A survey was conducted on subjects with age groups ≥ 25 years at King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India from August 2009 to July 2011...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633720/evaluation-of-continuous-negative-external-pressure-cnep-for-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-pilot-study
#2
Jerrold A Kram, Robyn V Woidtke, Kenneth B Klein, Richard M Rose
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine if the application of continuous negative external pressure (cNEP) is effective and safe in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during an overnight in-laboratory sleep study. METHODS: A prospective, open-label pilot study in subjects with documented OSA recruited from the patient population at one sleep clinic. The intervention was application and titration of cNEP during overnight polysomnography. RESULTS: Of the 15 subjects studied (mean apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] at baseline, 43...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629918/trajectories-of-emergent-central-sleep-apnea-during-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#3
Dongquan Liu, Jeff Armitstead, Adam Benjafield, Shiyun Shao, Atul Malhotra, Peter A Cistulli, Jean-Louis Pepin, Holger Woehrle
BACKGROUND: Emergence of central sleep apnea (CSA) during positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy has been observed clinically in ≈10% of OSA titration studies. This study assessed a PAP database to investigate trajectories of treatment-emergent CSA during continuous PAP (CPAP) therapy. METHODS: US telemonitoring device data were analyzed for the presence/absence of emergent CSA at baseline (Week 1) and Week 13. Defined groups were: obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; average central apnea index [CAI] <5/hour in Week 1, <5/hour in Week 13); transient CSA (CAI ≥5/hour in Week 1, <5/hour in Week 13); persistent CSA (CAI ≥5/hour in Week 1, ≥5/hour in Week 13); emergent CSA (CAI <5/hour in Week 1, ≥5/hour in Week 13)...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629298/anxiety-and-depression-are-improved-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatments-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Yu-Ying Li, Thodoris Mazarakis, Yu-Chih Shen, Miao-Chun Yang, En-Ting Chang, Hsiu-Mei Wang
Background Obstructive sleep apnea involves repeated nocturnal desaturation and sleep fragmentation that leads to poor sleep quality, anxiety, and depression. This study aimed to investigate short- and long-term improvements in the anxiety and depression of patients with different obstructive sleep apnea treatments. Methods This is a prospective, non-randomized hospital-based study evaluated 55 patients (46 male, 9 female) with obstructive sleep apnea. The patients were divided into three groups based on different treatment: uvulopalatopharyngoplasty group, continuous positive airway pressure group, and no treatment group (by their own decision)...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620866/high-levels-of-igf-1-predict-difficult-intubation-of-patients-with-acromegaly
#5
Yu Zhang, Xiaopeng Guo, Lijian Pei, Zhuhua Zhang, Gang Tan, Bing Xing
PURPOSE: To investigate the characteristics of difficult intubation and identify novel efficient predictors in patients with acromegaly. METHODS: Patients with either untreated acromegaly or non-functional pituitary adenomas were enrolled. Patients with acromegaly underwent hormone assays, upper airway computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examinations and preoperative overnight polysomnography. The modified Mallampati classification, mouth opening, neck circumference, and neck extension were assessed, and the Cormack-Lehane grades and the time of tracheal intubation were recorded...
June 15, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619952/cardiometabolic-correlates-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-andean-highlanders
#6
Luu V Pham, Catherine H Miele, Noah G Schwartz, Rafael S Arias, Adi Rattner, Robert H Gilman, J Jaime Miranda, Vsevolod Y Polotsky, William Checkley, Alan R Schwartz
Associations between sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and cardiometabolic outcomes have not been examined in highlanders.We performed nocturnal polygraphy in Peruvian highlanders (3825 m). Multivariable linear regression models examined associations between SDB metrics and haemoglobin, glucose tolerance (haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)), fasting glucose, homeostatic model-based assessments of insulin resistance and β-cell function (HOMA-IR and HOMA-β, respectively), blood pressure, and lipids, while adjusting for age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and wake oxygenation...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616922/-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#7
Cui-Xia Tan, Yun Gao, Chun Wang, Yan Li, Xiao-Bing Feng, Yang-Fan Cheng, Yang Zhang, Xing-Wu Ran
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical characteristics and prevalence of chronic complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with various degrees of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). METHODS: A total of 170 patients with T2DM and OSAS were enrolled in this study. These participants were divided into three groups with low, medium and high apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), respectively. The demographic characteristics, biochemical indicators and chronic complications of the patients in the three groups were compared...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615005/development-and-validation-of-a-risk-score-to-assist-screening-for-acute-hiv-1-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Maartje Dijkstra, Godelieve J de Bree, Ineke G Stolte, Udi Davidovich, Eduard J Sanders, Maria Prins, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff
BACKGROUND: Early treatment of acute HIV-1 infection (AHI) is beneficial for patients and could reduce onward transmission. However, guidelines on whom to test for AHI with HIV-1 RNA testing are lacking. METHODS: A risk score for possible AHI based on literature and expert opinion - including symptoms associated with AHI and early HIV-1 - was evaluated using data from the Amsterdam Cohort Studies among men who have sex with men (MSM). Subsequently, we optimized the risk score by constructing two multivariable logistic regression models: one including only symptoms and one combining symptoms with known risk factors for HIV-1 seroconversion, using generalized estimating equations...
June 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612267/auto-trilevel-versus-bilevel-positive-airway-pressure-ventilation-for-hypercapnic-overlap-syndrome-patients
#9
Mei Su, De Huai, Juan Cao, Ding Ning, Rong Xue, Meijie Xu, Mao Huang, Xilong Zhang
PURPOSE: Although bilevel positive airway pressure (Bilevel PAP) therapy is usually used for overlap syndrome (OS), there is still a portion of OS patients in whom Bilevel PAP therapy could not simultaneously eliminate residual apnea events and hypercapnia. The current study was expected to explore whether auto-trilevel positive airway pressure (auto-trilevel PAP) therapy with auto-adjusting end expiratory positive airway pressure (EEPAP) can serve as a better alternative for these patients...
June 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608295/influence-of-head-position-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity
#10
Kaiyin Zhu, T Douglas Bradley, Maryam Patel, Hisham Alshaer
OBJECTIVE: Supine body orientation plays an important role in precipitating upper airway collapse in a significant proportion of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients known to have supine-predominant OSA (OSAsup). Traditionally, trunk position is used to assess OSAsup, but the role of the head position has not been established. We hypothesized that head position influences OSA independently of trunk position. METHODS: Head and trunk positions were determined from subjects undergoing overnight polysomnography...
June 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607881/a-new-predictor-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-monocyte-to-hdl-ratio
#11
Doğan Atan, Fatma Cemre Sazak Kundi, Kürşat Murat Özcan, Hüseyin Dere
The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of serum monocyte to serum HDL cholesterol ratio with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). A total of 336 patients who underwent polysomnography (PSG) were included in this study. The individuals with an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) <5/h were included in the study as controls while the patients with an AHI > 5 and excessive daytime sleepiness were included in the study as OSAS patients. OSAS patients were compared with the control group for serum monocyte count, high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, and monocyte to HDL ratio (MHR)...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606658/various-combinations-of-velopharyngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-surgical-procedures-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-single-stage-multilevel-surgery
#12
Murat Binar, Omer Karakoc, Timur Akcam, Burak Asik, Mustafa Gerek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and outcomes of velopharyngeal surgeries combined with hypopharyngeal surgeries as single-stage interventions for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of operated patients. The velopharyngeal surgical interventions were uvulopalatal flap, anterior palatoplasty, expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty, transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty, Cahali lateral pharyngoplasty, Z-palatoplasty, and modified uvulopalatopharyngoplasty...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603829/adherence-to-treatment-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#13
Ahmed Abdelghani, Wafa Benzarti, Hlima Ben Salem, Imen Gargouri, Abdelhamid Garrouche, Abdelaziz Hayouni, Mohamed Benzarti
INTRODUCTION: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Adequate compliance with the use of CPAP is cardinal to achieve cardiovascular, metabolic and neuropsychological benefits of treatment. AIM: Assess the factors affecting compliance to the CPAP treatment and analyze the long term acceptance. METHODS: Retrospective study on 130 patients treated by CPAP for OSA in the department of pulmonology between 2005 and 2014...
August 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602146/impact-of-purchasing-the-cpap-device-on-acceptance-and-long-term-adherence-a-belgian-model
#14
Joke Leemans, Daniel Rodenstein, Jamila Bousata, Gimbada Benny Mwenge
RATIONALE: In Belgium, patients with moderate to severe OSA (AHI > 20) who show less than 30 micro-arousals per hour slept (MAI) cannot benefit from CPAP refund by the social security (SS). OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of reimbursement on CPAP acceptance, and long-term adherence. METHODS: OSA patients (AHI > 20) were included regardless of MAI. All patients were offered a CPAP trial of 3-5 days for habituation. Two groups were defined and compared: «Out of pocket money» patients (OOP) with MAI < 30 that were invited to purchase their device and «reimbursed group» that were offered a CPAP reimbursed by the social security...
June 11, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598928/occupation-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#15
Daniel A Schwartz, Denis Vinnikov, Paul D Blanc
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) remains a prevalent condition, but its occupational burden is unclear. We carried out a systematic review to characterize the consistency and magnitude of occupational associations with OSA. METHODS: We studied OSA within three occupational categories: commercial drivers, organic solvent-exposed workers, other selected occupations. We performed a meta-analysis on the prevalence of OSA among drivers and the risk of OSA associated with solvent exposure...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597453/the-association-between-normal-range-tsh-and-lipid-profile
#16
Salma Ahi, Atieh Amouzegar, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Sara Kazempour-Ardebili, Hossein Delshad, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi
Dyslipidemia in thyroid dysfunction is mostly attributed to thyrotropin (TSH) levels, especially in subclinical disorders, but the exact role of TSH in dyslipidemia has not been explained. A total of 3 020 subjects who remained euthyroid in 3 phases of the Tehran Thyroid study were enrolled and divided according to quartiles of TSH as: Q1 (0.32-1.02), Q2 (1.02-1.53), Q3 (1.53-2.27), and Q4 (2.27-5.06). General Linear model was used to determine whether there was a significant correlation between subjects' lipid profile and quartiles of TSH from 1st to 2nd and from 1st to 3rd phase...
June 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597190/the-prevalence-of-rem-related-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-is-reduced-by-the-aasm-2012-hypopnoea-criteria
#17
Brett Duce, Antti Kulkas, Christian Langton, Juha Töyräs, Craig Hukins
PURPOSE: The variations in reported prevalence of rapid eye movement-related obstructive sleep apnoea (REM-OSA) have been attributed to different definitions, although the effect of hypopnoea criteria has not been previously investigated. METHODS: Within this retrospective study, 134 of 382 consecutive patients undertaking polysomnography (PSG) for the suspicion of OSA met the inclusion criteria. PSGs were scored using both the 2007 AASM recommended hypopnoea criteria (AASM2007Rec) and the 2012 AASM recommended hypopnoea criteria (AASM2012Rec)...
June 9, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596432/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-related-comorbidities-in-incident-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#18
Thomas Gille, Morgane Didier, Marouane Boubaya, Loris Moya, Angela Sutton, Zohra Carton, Fanny Baran-Marszak, Danielle Sadoun-Danino, Dominique Israël-Biet, Vincent Cottin, Frederic Gagnadoux, Bruno Crestani, Marie-Pia d'Ortho, Pierre-Yves Brillet, Dominique Valeyre, Hilario Nunes, Carole Planès
The objectives of this prospective study were: 1) to determine the prevalence and determinants of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in patients with newly diagnosed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); 2) to determine whether OSA was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) as well as increased oxidative stress and levels of IPF biomarkers in the blood.A group of 45 patients with newly diagnosed IPF attended polysomnography. The prevalence of CVD and the severity of coronary artery calcification were investigated by high-resolution computed tomography...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584309/screening-commercial-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-validation-of-stop-bang-questionnaire
#19
Martin B Popević, Andjela Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Jovica Milovanović, Aleksandar P S Milovanović
OBJECTIVES: The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583511/blood-count-values-and-ratios-for-predicting-sleep-apnea-in-obese-children
#20
Ibrahim Erdim, Omer Erdur, Fatih Oghan, Fatih Mete, Mustafa Celik
OBJECTIVES: To detect whether the mean platelet volume (MPV), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are contributing factors in the diagnosis and severity of sleep apnea in obese children. INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a public health problem, and its prevalence increases daily. Although PSG is the gold standard test in the investigation of sleep apnea, the application of this test requires equipment, personnel, time, and cost. There is no simple laboratory test for diagnosing and determining the severity of sleep apnea...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
55547
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"