keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Panksepp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806823/tickling-a-technique-for-inducing-positive-affect-when-handling-rats
#1
Sylvie Cloutier, Megan R LaFollette, Brianna N Gaskill, Jaak Panksepp, Ruth C Newberry
Handling small animals such as rats can lead to several adverse effects. These include the fear of humans, resistance to handling, increased injury risk for both the animals and the hands of their handlers, decreased animal welfare, and less valid research data. To minimize negative effects on experimental results and human-animal relationships, research animals are often habituated to being handled. However, the methods of habituation are highly variable and often of limited effectiveness. More potently, it is possible for humans to mimic aspects of the animals' playful rough-and-tumble behavior during handling...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774002/on-the-drive-specificity-of-freudian-drives-for-the-generation-of-seeking-activities-the-importance-of-the-underestimated-imperative-motor-factor
#2
Michael Kirsch, Wolfgang Mertens
Doubters of Freud's theory of drives frequently mentioned that his approach is outdated and therefore cannot be useful for solving current problems in patients with mental disorders. At present, many scientists believe that affects rather than drives are of utmost importance for the emotional life and the theoretical framework of affective neuroscience, developed by Panksepp, strongly underpinned this view. Panksepp evaluated seven so-called command systems and the SEEKING system is therein of central importance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549032/drug-sensitive-reward-in-crayfish-exploring-the-neural-basis-of-addiction-with-automated-learning-paradigms
#3
REVIEW
Robert Huber, Adebobola Imeh-Nathaniel, Thomas I Nathaniel, Sayali Gore, Udita Datta, Rohan Bhimani, Jules B Panksepp, Jaak Panksepp, Moira J van Staaden
Results of recent work from our labs and those of others have broadened perspectives on addiction beyond a human-specific, cognitive phenomenon. Addictive plant alkaloids are defensive compounds which have arisen to counter herbivory. With insects the true targets of the coevolutionary arms race, humans may be little more than collateral damage when impacted by 'human' drugs of abuse. The present paper summarizes recent contributions, with a primary focus on our own research in crayfish, where we characterize the behavioral and neural consequences resulting from chronic and acute exposure to psychostimulant and addictive drugs...
July 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481114/jaak-panksepp-1943-2017
#4
Howard Casey Cromwell
Presents an obituary for Jaak Panksepp, who died April 18, 2017. Panksepp reshaped the landscape of psychology by highlighting emotions and coincident feelings in basic and clinical research. Most of his career was spent convincing others that the key to understanding human mental illness was the understanding of primal emotional operating systems in conserved neural circuitry. His framework was carefully laid out in his book Affective Neuroscience: The Foundation of Human and Animal Emotions (1998). His controversial writings vigorously pushed for the acceptance of nonhuman animal feelings as primary states that link to motivated action and emotional expression...
February 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480782/preliminary-data-about-the-validation-of-a-self-report-for-the-assessment-of-interpersonal-guilt-the-interpersonal-guilt-rating-scales-15s-igrs-15s
#5
Francesco Gazzillo, Bernard Gorman, Emma De Luca, Filippo Faccini, Marshall Bush, George Silberschatz, Nino Dazzi
The aim of this article is to present validation data about a self-report rating scale for the assessment of interpersonal guilt according to Control-Mastery Theory (CMT; Silbershatz, 2005; Weiss, 1993; Weiss, Sampson, & The Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, 1986), the Interpersonal Guilt Rating Scale-15s (IGRS-15s). In order to perform the validation of this tool in an Italian sample we have collected a sample of 645 nonclinical subjects. They had to complete the IGRS-15s, the Scale for the Measurement of the Impending Punishment (SMIP; Caprara et al...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432512/theory-of-drives-and-emotions-from-sigmund-freud-to-jaak-panksepp
#6
REVIEW
Cezary Żechowski
The article discusses the development of psychoanalytic theory in the direction of broadening the reflection on their own based on data derived from empirical studies other than clinical case study. Particularly noteworthy is the convergence that followed between neuroscience and psychoanalysis and the rise of the so-called neuropsychoanalysis. Consequently, this led to eject empirical hypotheses and begin research on defense mechanisms, self, memory, dreams, empathy, dynamic unconscious and emotional-motivational processes (theory of drives)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026256/jaak-panksepp-pioneer-of-affective-neuroscience
#7
Brendan M Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919868/the-affective-core-of-the-self-a-neuro-archetypical-perspective-on-the-foundations-of-human-and-animal-subjectivity
#8
REVIEW
Antonio Alcaro, Stefano Carta, Jaak Panksepp
Psychologists usually considered the "Self" as an object of experience appearing when the individual perceives its existence within the conscious field. In accordance with such a view, the self-representing capacity of the human mind has been related to corticolimbic learning processes taking place within individual development. On the other hand, Carl Gustav Jung considered the Self as the core of our personality, in its conscious and unconscious aspects, as well as in its actual and potential forms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488261/use-of-tramadol-in-psychiatric-care-a-comprehensive-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#9
Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Franziska Gamma, Jaak Panksepp
Tramadol is widely prescribed for treating acute and chronic forms of pain. It is a weak mu-receptor opioid agonist and also increases concentrations of serotonin and noradrenaline within the limbic system of the brain. The therapeutic range of tramadol is relatively wide. Compared with other opioid agonists, there is little risk for developing tolerance and for abuse. Recent models of depression emphasise the subjective experience of a depressive mood as being, in part, a psychologically painful state. It is well established that psychological stress due to social separation/loss, disruption or be-trayal of pre-existent significant interpersonal bonds is mediated by the activation of the mammalian PANIC (separation-distress) system...
May 10, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443039/primary-emotional-systems-and-personality-an-evolutionary-perspective
#10
Christian Montag, Jaak Panksepp
The present article highlights important concepts of personality including stability issues from the perspective of situational demands and stability over the life-course. Following this more introductory section, we argue why individual differences in primary emotional systems may represent the phylogenetically oldest parts of human personality. Our argumentation leads to the need to increasingly consider individual differences in the raw affects/emotions of people to understand human personality in a bottom-up fashion, which can be coordinated with top-down perspectives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018255/an-affective-neuroscience-framework-for-the-molecular-study-of-internet-addiction
#11
Christian Montag, Cornelia Sindermann, Benjamin Becker, Jaak Panksepp
Internet addiction represents an emerging global health issue. Increasing efforts have been made to characterize risk factors for the development of Internet addiction and consequences of excessive Internet use. During the last years, classic research approaches from psychology considering personality variables as vulnerability factor, especially in conjunction with neuroscience approaches such as brain imaging, have led to coherent theoretical conceptualizations of Internet addiction. Although such conceptualizations can be valuable aid, the research field is currently lacking a comprehensive framework for determining brain-based and neurochemical markers of Internet addiction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940318/individual-differences-in-affective-neuroscience-personality-scale-anps-primary-emotional-traits-and-depressive-tendencies
#12
Christian Montag, Katharina Widenhorn-Müller, Jaak Panksepp, Markus Kiefer
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated individual differences in the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), representing measures of primary emotional systems, and depressive tendencies in two independent samples. METHODS: In order to be able to find support for a continuum model with respect to the relation of strength in the cross-species "affective neuroscience" taxonomy of primary emotional systems, we investigated ANPS measured personality traits in a psychologically mostly healthy population (n=614 participants) as well as a sample of clinically depressed people (n=55 depressed patients)...
February 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903439/functional-connectivity-in-the-resting-brain-as-biological-correlate-of-the-affective-neuroscience-personality-scales
#13
Nadja Deris, Christian Montag, Martin Reuter, Bernd Weber, Sebastian Markett
According to Jaak Panksepp's Affective Neuroscience Theory and the derived self-report measure, the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), differences in the responsiveness of primary emotional systems form the basis of human personality. In order to investigate neuronal correlates of personality, the underlying neuronal circuits of the primary emotional systems were analyzed in the present fMRI-study by associating the ANPS to functional connectivity in the resting brain. N=120 healthy participants were invited for the present study...
February 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825924/the-roots-of-empathy-through-the-lens-of-rodent-models
#14
REVIEW
K Z Meyza, I Ben-Ami Bartal, M H Monfils, J B Panksepp, E Knapska
Empathy is a phenomenon often considered dependent on higher-order emotional control and an ability to relate to the emotional state of others. It is, by many, attributed only to species having well-developed cortical circuits capable of performing such complex tasks. However, over the years, a wealth of data has been accumulated showing that rodents are capable not only of sharing emotional states of their conspecifics, but also of prosocial behavior driven by such shared experiences. The study of rodent empathic behaviors is only now becoming an independent research field...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706910/sweetened-ethanol-drinking-during-social-isolation-enhanced-intake-resistance-to-genetic-heterogeneity-and-the-emergence-of-a-distinctive-drinking-pattern-in-adolescent-mice
#15
J B Panksepp, E D Rodriguez, A E Ryabinin
With its ease of availability during adolescence, sweetened ethanol ('alcopops') is consumed within many contexts. We asked here whether genetically based differences in social motivation are associated with how the adolescent social environment impacts voluntary ethanol intake. Mice with previously described differences in sociability (BALB/cJ, C57BL/6J, FVB/NJ and MSM/MsJ strains) were weaned into isolation or same-sex pairs (postnatal day, PD, 21), and then given continuous access to two fluids on PDs 34-45: one containing water and the other containing an ascending series of saccharin-sweetened ethanol (3-6-10%)...
March 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696337/the-psycho-neurology-of-cross-species-affective-social-neuroscience-understanding-animal-affective-states-as-a-guide-to-development-of-novel-psychiatric-treatments
#16
Jaak Panksepp
During the past half century of research with preclinical animal models, affective neuroscience has helped identify and illuminate the functional neuroanatomies and neurochemistries of seven primary process, i.e., genetically provided emotional systems of mammalian brains. All are subcortically localized, allowing animal models to guide the needed behavioral and neuroscientific analyses at levels of detail that cannot be achieved through human research, including modern brain imaging. They consist of the following neuronal processes: SEEKING/Enthusiasm, RAGE/Anger, FEAR/Anxiety, sexual LUST/Passion, maternal CARE/Nurturance, separation-distress PANIC/Grief and PLAY/Social Joy...
2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640756/reconciling-cognitive-and-affective-neuroscience-perspectives-on-the-brain-basis-of-emotional-experience
#17
REVIEW
Jaak Panksepp, Richard D Lane, Mark Solms, Ryan Smith
The "affective" and "cognitive" neuroscience approaches to understanding emotion (AN and CN, respectively) represent potentially synergistic, but as yet unreconciled, theoretical perspectives, which may in part stem from the methods that these distinct perspectives routinely employ-one focusing on animal brain emotional systems (AN) and one on diverse human experimental approaches (CN). Here we present an exchange in which each approach (1) describes its own theoretical perspective, (2) offers a critique of the other perspective, and then (3) responds to each other's critique...
May 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500655/music-chills-the-eye-pupil-as-a-mirror-to-music-s-soul
#18
Bruno Laeng, Lise Mette Eidet, Unni Sulutvedt, Jaak Panksepp
This study evaluated whether music-induced aesthetic "chill" responses, which typically correspond to peak emotional experiences, can be objectively monitored by degree of pupillary dilation. Participants listened to self-chosen songs versus control songs chosen by other participants. The experiment included an active condition where participants made key presses to indicate when experiencing chills and a passive condition (without key presses). Chills were reported more frequently for self-selected songs than control songs...
August 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258083/correction-the-role-of-nature-and-nurture-for-individual-differences-in-primary-emotional-systems-evidence-from-a-twin-study
#19
Christian Montag, Elisabeth Hahn, Martin Reuter, Frank M Spinath, Ken Davis, Jaak Panksepp
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151405.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257161/primary-emotional-traits-in-patients-with-personality-disorders
#20
Sigmund Karterud, Geir Pedersen, Merete Johansen, Theresa Wilberg, Ken Davis, Jaak Panksepp
There is a longstanding tradition that connects temperament pathology and personality disorders. Emotions are the major constituents of temperament. In mammals, seven primary emotions have been identified: SEEKING, FEAR, CARE, RAGE, SADNESS/PANIC, LUST and PLAY. The study aimed at exploring the relationship between primary emotions and personality disorders (PDs). Five hundred forty-six patients with different degrees and qualities of personality pathology, admitted to treatment in specialized PD services, were diagnosed according to Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders, and their primary emotional profiles were assessed by the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales...
November 2016: Personality and Mental Health
keyword
keyword
55543
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"