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Occupational disease surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027241/spatial-distribution-of-kidney-disease-in-the-contaminated-site-of-taranto-italy
#1
Marta Benedetti, Marco De Santis, Valerio Manno, Sante Minerba, Antonella Mincuzzi, Angela Morabito, Nicola Panocchia, Maria Eleonora Soggiu, Annalisa Tanzarella, Tiziano Pastore, Maurizio Bossola, Roberto Giua, Simona Leogrande, Alessandra Nocioni, Susanna Conti, Pietro Comba
BACKGROUND: Exposure to heavy metals has been associated with kidney disease. We investigated the spatial distribution of kidney disease in the industrially contaminated site of Taranto. METHODS: Cases were subjects with a first hospital discharge diagnosis of kidney disease. Cases affected by specific comorbidities were excluded. Standardized Hospitalization Ratios (SHRs) were computed for low/high exposure area and for modeled spatial distribution of cadmium and fine particulate matter...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019349/do-workers-health-surveillance-examinations-fulfill-their-occupational-preventive-objective-analysis-of-the-medical-practice-of-occupational-physicians-in-catalonia-spain
#2
Mari Cruz Rodríguez-Jareño, Emilia Molinero, Jaume de Montserrat, Antoni Vallès, Marta Aymerich
OBJECTIVES: Although routine workers' health examinations are extensively performed worldwide with important resource allocation, few studies have analyzed their quality. The objective of this study has been to analyze the medical practice of workers' health examinations in Catalonia (Spain) in terms of its occupational preventive aim. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out by means of an online survey addressed to occupational physicians who were members of the Catalan Society of Safety and Occupational Medicine...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016829/differential-reporting-of-work-related-mental-ill-health-in-doctors
#3
A Y Zhou, M Carder, L Hussey, M Gittins, R Agius
Background: Evidence suggests that the medical profession is reluctant to report mental ill-health despite its high prevalence. Aims: To compare differential reporting patterns in the incidence of work-related mental ill-health (WRMIH) affecting doctors with selected comparison occupational groups, as determined by surveillance by general practitioners (GPs), specialist psychiatrists and occupational physicians (OPs). Methods: New cases of medically reported WRMIH were reported prospectively between 2006 and 2009 by GPs, psychiatrists and OPs as part of The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network...
August 4, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016828/workers-health-surveillance-implementation-of-the-directive-89-391-eec-in-europe
#4
C Colosio, S Mandic-Rajcevic, L Godderis, G van der Laan, C Hulshof, F van Dijk
Background: European Union (EU) Directive 89/391 addressed occupational health surveillance, which recommends to provide workers with 'access to health surveillance at regular intervals', aiming to prevent work-related and occupational diseases. Aims: To investigate how EU countries adopted this Directive. Methods: We invited one selected representative per member state to complete a questionnaire. Results: All 28 EU countries implemented the Directive in some form...
August 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016586/preference-of-food-items-and-physical-activity-of-peri-urban-children-in-bhaktapur
#5
Abhinav Vaidya, Natalia Oli, Alexandra Krettek, Gabriele Eiben
BACKGROUND: Though cardiovascular diseases are mostly seen in adulthood, the foundation of diet and physical activity is largely formed during childhood. The study aimed to explore children's preference for diet and physical activity in a peri-urban area of Nepal because this is an important dimension to explore in the life-course approach to combat non-communicable diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to enquire young peri-urban children of Duwakot and Jhaukhel villages of Bhaktapur district, Nepal on their preferences for diet and physical activity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985440/mesothelioma-incidence-and-asbestos-exposure-in-italian-national-priority-contaminated-sites
#6
Alessandra Binazzi, Alessandro Marinaccio, Marisa Corfiati, Caterina Bruno, Lucia Fazzo, Roberto Pasetto, Roberta Pirastu, Annibale Biggeri, Dolores Catelan, Pietro Comba, Amerigo Zona
Objectives This study aimed to (i) describe mesothelioma incidence in the Italian national priority contaminated sites (NPCS) on the basis of data available from the Italian National Mesothelioma Registry (ReNaM) and (ii) profile NPCS using Bayesian rank analysis. Methods Incident cases of mesothelioma and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were estimated for both genders in each of the 39 selected NPCS in the period 2000-2011. Age-standardized rates of Italian geographical macro areas were used to estimate expected cases...
October 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951798/the-health-and-occupation-research-network-an-evolving-surveillance-system
#7
REVIEW
Melanie Carder, Louise Hussey, Annemarie Money, Matthew Gittins, Roseanne McNamee, Susan Jill Stocks, Dil Sen, Raymond M Agius
Vital to the prevention of work-related ill-health (WRIH) is the availability of good quality data regarding WRIH burden and risks. Physician-based surveillance systems such as The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network in the UK are often established in response to limitations of statutory, compensation-based systems for addressing certain epidemiological aspects of disease surveillance. However, to fulfil their purpose, THOR and others need to have methodologic rigor in capturing and ascertaining cases...
September 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919119/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-84-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of risk factor exposure and attributable burden of disease. By providing estimates over a long time series, this study can monitor risk exposure trends critical to health surveillance and inform policy debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883681/occupational-disease-registries-characteristics-and-experiences
#9
Somayeh Davoodi, Khosro Sadeghniat Haghighi, Sharareh Rostam Niakan Kalhori, Narges Shams Hosseini, Zeinab Mohammadzadeh, Reza Safdari
INTRODUCTION: Due to growth of occupational diseases and also increase of public awareness about their consequences, attention to various aspects of diseases and improve occupational health and safety has found great importance. Therefore, there is the need for appropriate information management tools such as registries in order to recognitions of diseases patterns and then making decision about prevention, early detection and treatment of them. These registries have different characteristics in various countries according to their occupational health priorities...
June 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882991/artificial-stone-associated-silicosis-a-rapidly-emerging-occupational-lung-disease
#10
Ryan F Hoy, Timothy Baird, Gary Hammerschlag, David Hart, Anthony R Johnson, Paul King, Michael Putt, Deborah H Yates
INTRODUCTION: Artificial stone is an increasingly popular material used to fabricate kitchen and bathroom benchtops. Cutting and grinding artificial stone is associated with generation of very high levels of respirable crystalline silica, and the frequency of cases of severe silicosis associated with this exposure is rapidly increasing. AIM: To report the characteristics of a clinical series of Australian workers with artificial stone-associated silicosis. METHODS: Respiratory physicians voluntarily reported cases of artificial stone-associated silicosis identified in their clinical practices...
September 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817554/occupational-distribution-of-campylobacteriosis-and-salmonellosis-cases-maryland-ohio-and-virginia-2014
#11
Chia-Ping Su, Marie A de Perio, Kathleen Fagan, Meghan L Smith, Ellen Salehi, Seth Levine, Karen Gruszynski, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk factors have rarely been studied. In 2015, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) identified 63 suspected or confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection over 3...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780830/-effects-of-workplace-health-promotion-in-a-wind-power-equipment-manufacturing-factory
#12
J Li, F S Wang, C Han, Y Pan
Objective: To explore the effects of workplace health promotion in a wind power equipment manufacturing factory. Methods: Based on investigation of occupational hazard factors, personal protective equipment (PPE) application, occupational health management and healthy life style, health promotion strategy and intervention were implemented in this factory. The sample size was 56 for monitoring of occupational hazard factors before and after intervention, 283 and 259 for questionnaire before and after intervention...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774697/emerging-issues-challenges-and-changing-epidemiology-of-fungal-disease-outbreaks
#13
REVIEW
Kaitlin Benedict, Malcolm Richardson, Snigdha Vallabhaneni, Brendan R Jackson, Tom Chiller
Several high-profile outbreaks have drawn attention to invasive fungal infections (IFIs) as an increasingly important public health problem. IFI outbreaks are caused by many different fungal pathogens and are associated with numerous settings and sources. In the community, IFI outbreaks often occur among people without predisposing medical conditions and are frequently precipitated by environmental disruption. Health-care-associated IFI outbreaks have been linked to suboptimal hospital environmental conditions, transmission via health-care workers' hands, contaminated medical products, and transplantation of infected organs...
July 31, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774280/public-health-implications-of-changing-patterns-of-recruitment-into-the-south-african-mining-industry-1973-2012-a-database-analysis
#14
Rodney Ehrlich, Alex Montgomery, Paula Akugizibwe, Gregg Gonsalves
BACKGROUND: The triple epidemic of silicosis, tuberculosis and HIV infection among migrant miners from South Africa and neighbouring countries who have worked in the South African mining industry is currently the target of regional and international control efforts. These initiatives are hampered by a lack of information on this population. METHODS: This study analysed the major South African mining recruitment database for the period 1973 to 2012 by calendar intervals and demographic and occupational characteristics...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769991/modelling-the-range-expansion-of-the-tiger-mosquito-in-a-mediterranean-island-accounting-for-imperfect-detection
#15
Giacomo Tavecchia, Miguel-Angel Miranda, David Borrás, Mikel Bengoa, Carlos Barceló, Claudia Paredes-Esquivel, Carl Schwarz
BACKGROUNDS: Aedes albopictus (Diptera; Culicidae) is a highly invasive mosquito species and a competent vector of several arboviral diseases that have spread rapidly throughout the world. Prevalence and patterns of dispersal of the mosquito are of central importance for an effective control of the species. We used site-occupancy models accounting for false negative detections to estimate the prevalence, the turnover, the movement pattern and the growth rate in the number of sites occupied by the mosquito in 17 localities throughout Mallorca Island...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763387/the-south-carolina-environmental-public-health-tracking-program-s-role-in-monitoring-and-reducing-occupational-exposure-to-lead-public-health-actions-in-collaboration-with-the-south-carolina-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#16
Harley T Davis, Chelsea Lynes, H Reed Corley
Per South Carolina (SC) Law §44-29-10, all blood lead test records are reportable. The SC Environmental Public Health Tracking (SC EPHT) program is directly involved in blood lead surveillance in SC, as it maintains the blood lead record database. Although Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was discontinued in 2013, SC EPHT has continued to monitor and record adult blood lead test records.In 2012, SC EPHT signed a memorandum of understanding with the SC Occupational Safety and Health Administration (SC OSHA)...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759576/predicting-spatial-spread-of-rabies-in-skunk-populations-using-surveillance-data-reported-by-the-public
#17
Kim M Pepin, Amy J Davis, Daniel G Streicker, Justin W Fischer, Kurt C VerCauteren, Amy T Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Prevention and control of wildlife disease invasions relies on the ability to predict spatio-temporal dynamics and understand the role of factors driving spread rates, such as seasonality and transmission distance. Passive disease surveillance (i.e., case reports by public) is a common method of monitoring emergence of wildlife diseases, but can be challenging to interpret due to spatial biases and limitations in data quantity and quality. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We obtained passive rabies surveillance data from dead striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) in an epizootic in northern Colorado, USA...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750855/assessment-of-the-duplicate-notifiable-reporting-of-hepatitis-b-infection-in-zhejiang-province-china-2005-2015
#18
Hanqing He, Yang Zhou, Shuyun Xie
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection control has seen improvements since the introduction of the HBV vaccination program in China. However, the reported incidence rate of HBV infection remains high owing to the large pool of individuals infected before the start of the HBV immunization program. The duplicated reporting of HBV had a remarkable effect on the overestimation of HBV disease burden, according to the Chinese National Notifiable Diseases Report System (NNDRS). METHODS: We analyzed the data of HBV in Zhejiang province, China, collected for the years 2005-2015 from the NNDRS...
July 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750032/spatial-characteristics-and-the-epidemiology-of-human-infections-with-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-in-five-waves-from-2013-to-2017-in-zhejiang-province-china
#19
Haocheng Wu, XinYi Wang, Ming Xue, Melanie Xue, Chen Wu, Qinbao Lu, Zheyuan Ding, Xiaoping Xv, Junfen Lin
BACKGROUND: The five-wave epidemic of H7N9 in China emerged in the second half of 2016. This study aimed to compare the epidemiological characteristics among the five waves, estimating the possible infected cases and inferring the extent of the possible epidemic in the areas that have not reported cases before. METHODS: The data for the H7N9 cases from Zhejiang Province between 2013 and 2017 was obtained from the China Information Network System of Disease Prevention and Control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727677/surveillance-for-silicosis-deaths-among-persons-aged-15-44-years-united-states-1999-2015
#20
Jacek M Mazurek, John M Wood, Patricia L Schleiff, David N Weissman
Silicosis is usually a disease of long latency affecting mostly older workers; therefore, silicosis deaths in young adults (aged 15-44 years) suggests acute or accelerated disease.* To understand the circumstances surrounding silicosis deaths among young persons, CDC analyzed the underlying and contributing causes(†) of death using multiple cause-of-death data (1999-2015) and industry and occupation information abstracted from death certificates (1999-2013). During 1999-2015, among 55 pneumoconiosis deaths of young adults with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code J62 (pneumoconiosis due to dust containing silica),(§) 38 (69%) had code J62...
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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