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Occupational disease surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661173/predictors-of-elevated-capillary-blood-glucose-in-overweight-railway-french-employees-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
Emminarie Luisiana Lucas Garcia, David Debensason, Loïc Capron, Antoine Flahault, Jeanine Pommier
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease and a high risk state for progression to type 2 diabetes. Moreover, overweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 , increases the risk of diabetes. Information about the feasibility of measuring, during routine occupational health examinations, predictors of elevated capillary blood glucose in overweight individuals is scarce. This study aims to identify factors that are associated with elevated capillary blood glucose and can be routinely measured in French overweight employees to develop targeted preventive strategies in the workplace...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649167/assessment-of-indoor-air-quality-problems-in-office-like-environments-role-of-occupational-health-services
#2
REVIEW
Paolo Carrer, Peder Wolkoff
There is an increasing concern about indoor air quality (IAQ) and its impact on health, comfort, and work-performance in office-like environments and their workers, which account for most of the labor force. The Scientific Committee on Indoor Air Quality and Health of the ICOH (Int. Comm. Occup. Health) has discussed the assessment and management of IAQ problems and proposed a stepwise approach to be conducted by a multidisciplinary team. It is recommended to integrate the building assessment, inspection by walk-through of the office workplace, questionnaire survey, and environmental measurements, in that order...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621347/investigation-of-multiple-mortality-events-in-eastern-box-turtles-terrapene-carolina-carolina
#3
Laura Adamovicz, Matthew C Allender, Grace Archer, Marta Rzadkowska, Kayla Boers, Chris Phillips, Elizabeth Driskell, Michael J Kinsel, Caroline Chu
Wildlife mortality investigations are important for conservation, food safety, and public health; but they are infrequently reported for cryptic chelonian species. Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) are declining due to anthropogenic factors and disease, and while mortality investigations have been reported for captive and translocated individuals, few descriptions exist for free-living populations. We report the results of four natural mortality event investigations conducted during routine health surveillance of three Illinois box turtle populations in 2011, 2013, 2014, and 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614831/medical-surveillance-continuous-health-promotion-and-a-participatory-intervention-in-a-small-company
#4
Nicola Magnavita
The workplace is an ideal setting for health promotion. The regular medical examination of workers enables us to screen for numerous diseases, spread good practices and correct lifestyles, and obtain a favourable risk/benefit ratio. The continuous monitoring of the level of workers' wellbeing using a holistic approach during medical surveillance enables us to promptly identify problems in work organisation and the company climate. Problems of this kind can be adequately managed by using a participatory approach...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605202/can-the-ceramic-industry-be-a-new-and-hazardous-sector-for-work-related-asthma
#5
Ozlem Kar Kurt, Dilek Ergun, Nursen Basaran
BACKGROUND: Work-related asthma (WRA) constitutes a significant proportion of all asthma cases and continues to be reported from different industries. The aim of the study was to identify the occupations that can be related to WRA and diagnostic steps used in suspected WRA patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of WRA suspected patients who were referred to Ankara Occupational and Environmental Diseases Hospital, Turkey from January 2015 to January 2017...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543564/chest-ct-scan-findings-in-world-trade-center-workers
#6
Rafael E de la Hoz, Jonathan Weber, Dongming Xu, John T Doucette, Xiaoyu Liu, Deborah A Carson, Juan C Celedón
We examined the chest CT scans of 1,453 WTC responders using the International Classification of High-resolution CT for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases. Univariate and bivariate analyses of potential work-related pleural abnormalities were performed with pre-WTC and WTC-related occupational exposure data, spirometry, demographics and quantitative CT measurements. Logistic regression was used to evaluate occupational predictors of those abnormalities. Chest CT scans were performed first at a median of 6...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540969/are-police-personnel-in-puducherry-healthy-findings-from-partners-in-prevention-programme-in-puducherry-india
#7
T S Ravikumar, R Kanagarethinam, Divya Nair, Sitanshu S Kar
Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases are reported to be high in police force, which constitute a special occupational group. "Partners in Prevention" was a special surveillance activity carried out among the personnel of the Department of Police, Government of Puducherry by JIPMER, Puducherry. The present study reports the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors in this group. Materials and Methods: The design was cross-sectional analytical study covering 1618 policemen during 2013-15...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529135/estimating-the-hospital-burden-of-norovirus-associated-gastroenteritis-in-england-and-its-opportunity-costs-for-non-admitted-patients
#8
Frank G Sandmann, Laura Shallcross, Natalie Adams, David J Allen, Pietro G Coen, Annette Jeanes, Zisis Kozlakidis, Lesley Larkin, Fatima Wurie, Julie V Robotham, Mark Jit, Sarah R Deeny
Background: Norovirus places a substantial burden on healthcare systems, arising from infected patients, disease outbreaks, beds kept unoccupied for infection control, and staff absences due to infection. In settings with high rates of bed occupancy, opportunity costs arise from patients who cannot be admitted due to beds being unavailable. With several treatments and vaccines against norovirus in development, quantifying the expected economic burden is timely. Methods: The number of inpatients with norovirus-associated gastroenteritis in England were modelled using infectious and non-infectious gastrointestinal Hospital Episode Statistics codes and laboratory reports of gastrointestinal pathogens collected at Public Health England...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507808/health-surveillance-for-former-asbestos-exposed-worker-a-specific-programme-developed-in-an-italian-region
#9
Elisabetta Chellini, Francesca Battisti, Alfonso Cristaudo, Pietro Sartorelli, Piergiuseppe Calà
Asbestos-related diseases usually have a long latency since first exposure and this legitimates a health surveillance programme addressed to asbestos workers after the cessation of their occupational exposure. After a brief history of health surveillance initiatives performed in Italy as well as in other countries, we describe a regional programme for former asbestos-exposed workers, focusing on organizational features. A regional group of experts defined its operational and economical aspects. The Regional Council supported the whole programme, making it free of charge for all subjects who fulfil the predefined enrolment criteria (being resident in the region, being younger than 80 years old with cessation of occupational asbestos exposure within the last 30 years)...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507789/epidemiology-of-malignant-mesothelioma-in-italy-surveillance-systems-territorial-clusters-and-occupations-involved
#10
Alessandro Marinaccio, Alessandra Binazzi, Michela Bonafede, Davide Di Marzio, Alberto Scarselli
Background: As a legacy of the large asbestos consumption until the definitive ban in 1992, Italy is currently suffering a severe epidemic of asbestos related diseases. The aim of this paper is to describe the surveillance system for mesothelioma incidence and to provide evidences regarding the occurrence of the disease in Italy and the circumstances of asbestos exposure. Methods: Italian National Register of Malignant Mesotheliomas (ReNaM) is a permanent surveillance system of mesothelioma incidence, with Regional Operating Centres (CORs) active in each Italian region, identifying incident malignant mesothelioma (MM) cases from health care structures...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506781/the-importance-of-vigorous-intensity-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-reducing-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-risk-in-the-obese
#11
Gary O'Donovan, Emmanuel Stamatakis, David J Stensel, Mark Hamer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activity in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in the obese. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Trained interviewers assessed physical activity and body mass index (BMI; calculated as the weight in kilograms divided by the height in meters squared) in 59,005 adult participants (mean ± SD age, 57±12 years; 46.5% male) in 2 household-based surveillance studies: Health Survey for England and Scottish Health Survey...
March 2, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495151/-analysis-on-occupational-health-surveillance-to-workers-exposed-to-toxic-environment-in-a-city
#12
X Wang, M L Li, H J Tang, Q Zeng
Objective: To understand the status of occupational health surveillance to workers exposed to toxic environment in a city, so as to provide scientific basis for strategy of occupational diseases prevention. Methods: In January 2017, collecting the data of on-the-job poisonous and harmful workers occupational health surveillance in the city from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016 in China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention, the trend of occupational health monitoring in the city was analyzed, and the differences between diverseeconomic types, enterprise scale, industry nature and hazard factors were analyzed and compared...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479016/asbestos-exposure-biomarkers-in-the-follow-up-of-asbestos-exposed-workers
#13
Valentina Paolucci, Riccardo Romeo, Antonietta Gerardina Sisinni, Giuseppina Scancarello, Luca Volterrani, Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Lucio Barabesi, Pietro Sartorelli
Health surveillance of asbestos exposed workers should be stratified according to the exposure level. Unfortunately there is a lack of information regarding asbestos exposure in many working places and markers of asbestos exposure are often needed. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability of different dose and effect biomarkers in the follow up of asbestos-exposed workers.Mineralogical analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) as a biomarker of asbestos fibre burden was performed in a population of 307 male subjects occupationally exposed to asbestos...
February 26, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470455/urban-rural-county-and-state-differences-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-united-states-2015
#14
Janet B Croft, Anne G Wheaton, Yong Liu, Fang Xu, Hua Lu, Kevin A Matthews, Timothy J Cunningham, Yan Wang, James B Holt
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accounts for the majority of deaths from chronic lower respiratory diseases, the third leading cause of death in the United States in 2015 and the fourth leading cause in 2016.* Major risk factors include tobacco exposure, occupational and environmental exposures, respiratory infections, and genetics.† State variations in COPD outcomes (1) suggest that it might be more common in states with large rural areas. To assess urban-rural variations in COPD prevalence, hospitalizations, and mortality; obtain county-level estimates; and update state-level variations in COPD measures, CDC analyzed 2015 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Medicare hospital records, and death certificate data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462876/narcolepsy-and-psychiatric-disorders-comorbidities-or-shared-pathophysiology
#15
REVIEW
Anne Marie Morse, Kothare Sanjeev
Narcolepsy and psychiatric disorders have a significant but unrecognized relationship, which is an area of evolving interest, but unfortunately, the association is poorly understood. It is not uncommon for the two to occur co-morbidly. However, narcolepsy is frequently misdiagnosed initially as a psychiatric condition, contributing to the protracted time to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Narcolepsy is a disabling neurodegenerative condition that carries a high risk for development of social and occupational dysfunction...
February 15, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodic-examinations-of-workers
#16
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition, and ineffective treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies that support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis. As a result, visiting a doctor is required not only due to health ailments but also by law, which is especially important for those feeling well...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335021/seroprevalence-of-dengue-among-healthy-adults-in-a-rural-community-in-southern-malaysia-a-pilot-study
#17
Amreeta Dhanoa, Sharifah Syed Hassan, Nowrozy Kamar Jahan, Daniel D Reidpath, Quek Kia Fatt, Mohtar Pungut Ahmad, Cheong Yuet Meng, Lau Wee Ming, Anuar Zaini Zain, Maude Elvira Phipps, Iekhsan Othman, Aman Bin Rabu, Rowther Sirajudeen, Ahmad Abdul Basitz Ahmad Fatan, Faidzal Adlee Ghafar, Hamdan Bin Ahmad, Pascale Allotey
BACKGROUND: The frequency and magnitude of dengue epidemics continue to increase exponentially in Malaysia, with a shift in the age range predominance toward adults and an expansion to rural areas. Despite this, information pertaining to the extent of transmission of dengue virus (DENV) in the rural community is lacking. This community-based pilot study was conducted to establish DENV seroprevalence amongst healthy adults in a rural district in Southern Malaysia, and to identify influencing factors...
January 16, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324056/cardiopulmonary-effects-induced-by-occupational-exposure-to-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#18
Lin Zhao, Yifang Zhu, Zhangjian Chen, Huadong Xu, Jingwen Zhou, Shichuan Tang, Zhizhen Xu, Fanling Kong, Xinwei Li, Yifei Zhang, Xianzuo Li, Ji Zhang, Guang Jia
Although some toxicological studies have reported that exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2 ) may elicit adverse cardiopulmonary effects, related data collected from human are currently limited. The purpose of this study is to explore cardiopulmonary effects among workers who were exposed to nano-TiO2 and to identify biomarkers associated with exposure. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a nano-TiO2 manufacturing plant in eastern China. Exposure assessment and characterization of TiO2 particles were performed in a packaging workshop...
March 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319052/measurement-of-lung-cancer-tumor-markers-in-a-glass-wool-company-workers-exposed-to-respirable-synthetic-vitreous-fiber-and-dust
#19
Shabnam Abtahi, Mahyar Malekzadeh, Ghafour Nikravan, Abbas Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposures to respirable synthetic vitreous fiber (SVF) and dust are associated with many lung diseases including lung cancer. Low-dose computed tomography is used for screening patients who are highly suspicious of having lung carcinoma. However, it seems not to be cost-effective. Serum biomarkers could be a useful tool for the surveillance of occupational exposure, by providing the possibility of diagnosing lung cancer in its early stages. OBJECTIVE: To determine if serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin fragment (CYFRA) 21-1 levels in workers exposed more than normal population to respirable SVF and dust may be used as indicators of progression towards lung cancer...
January 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317702/surveillance-of-vector-borne-pathogens-under-imperfect-detection-lessons-from-chagas-disease-risk-mis-measurement
#20
Thaís Tâmara Castro Minuzzi-Souza, Nadjar Nitz, César Augusto Cuba Cuba, Luciana Hagström, Mariana Machado Hecht, Camila Santana, Marcelle Ribeiro, Tamires Emanuele Vital, Marcelo Santalucia, Monique Knox, Marcos Takashi Obara, Fernando Abad-Franch, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves
Vector-borne pathogens threaten human health worldwide. Despite their critical role in disease prevention, routine surveillance systems often rely on low-complexity pathogen detection tests of uncertain accuracy. In Chagas disease surveillance, optical microscopy (OM) is routinely used for detecting Trypanosoma cruzi in its vectors. Here, we use replicate T. cruzi detection data and hierarchical site-occupancy models to assess the reliability of OM-based T. cruzi surveillance while explicitly accounting for false-negative and false-positive results...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
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