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Occupational disease surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715624/-chickenpox-seroprevalence-among-healthcare-and-social-assistance-workers-in-catalonia-spain
#1
Joan Inglés Torruella, Rosa Gil Soto
AIMS: Chickenpox is a frequent and contagious disease in healthcare and social assistance settings, and there are limited data on seroprevalence among workers in this sector. We estimated susceptibility to chickenpox among workers, by demographic and occupational variables, and measured the rate of seroprotection after vaccination. METHODS: A retrospective seroprevalence study of chickenpox (varicella) and serological vaccine response. The earliest recorded varicella serology, analyzed by the ELISA method, was identified for each worker from a health surveillance database of a group of medical and healthcare companies in Catalonia, recorded between 2004 and 2013...
July 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715408/potential-risk-factors-associated-with-human-alveolar-echinococcosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Franz J Conraths, Carolina Probst, Alessia Possenti, Belgees Boufana, Rosella Saulle, Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Busani, Adriano Casulli
BACKGROUND: Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a severe zoonotic disease caused by the metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. AE is commonly associated with a long incubation period that may last for more than ten years. The objective of this systematic literature review was to identify and summarize the current knowledge on statistically relevant potential risk factors (PRFs) associated with AE in humans. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Six bibliographic databases were searched, generating a total of 1,009 publications...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704346/mortality-from-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-parkinson-s-disease-among-different-occupation-groups-united-states-1985-2011
#3
John D Beard, Andrea L Steege, Jun Ju, John Lu, Sara E Luckhaupt, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson's disease, both progressive neurodegenerative diseases, affect >1 million Americans (1,2). Consistently reported risk factors for ALS include increasing age, male sex, and cigarette smoking (1); risk factors for Parkinson's disease include increasing age, male sex, and pesticide exposure, whereas cigarette smoking and caffeine consumption are inversely associated (2). Relative to cancer or respiratory diseases, the role of occupation in neurologic diseases is much less studied and less well understood (3)...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697286/annual-burden-of-occupationally-acquired-influenza-infections-in-hospitals-and-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states
#4
Rachael M Jones, Yulin Xia
Infections among health-care personnel (HCP) occur as a result of providing care to patients with infectious diseases, but surveillance is limited to a few diseases. The objective of this study is to determine the annual number of influenza infections acquired by HCP as a result of occupational exposures to influenza patients in hospitals and emergency departments (EDs) in the United States. A risk analysis approach was taken. A compartmental model was used to estimate the influenza dose received in a single exposure, and a dose-response function applied to calculate the probability of infection...
July 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680796/usefulness-of-biomarkers-in-work-related-airway-disease
#5
REVIEW
Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
Determination of biomarkers may be useful in the surveillance of occupational exposure and workers' health. The possibility of predicting development/clinical course of specific disorders or current disease, diagnosing in early steps, and health condition monitoring is a real necessity. Various agents present in the workplace environment (or their metabolites) can be measured in samples possessed from human body (blood and urine, saliva, etc.). On the other hand, inhalant exposure may induce specific or non-specific, local or systemic, acute or chronic biological response expressed by synthesis or releasing specific or non-specific substances/mediators that also can be determined in blood, nasal and bronchial lavage or sputum, tear fluid, exhaled breath, etc...
2017: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666453/beginning-of-a-journey-unraveling-the-mystery-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-aetiology-ckdu-in-sri-lanka
#6
Jacob Kumaresan, Ruwanika Seneviratne
BACKGROUND: Globally, chronic kidney disease of unknown aetiology (CKDu) is observed in several areas and among specific ethnic or occupational groups. Given the widespread environmental pollution and the proportions of agriculture workers world-wide, CKDu may be the next global public health issue demanding attention. Recent escalation of CKDu in Sri Lanka has caused a serious public health crisis in the country, made worse by lack of national data. MAIN TEXT: The specific geographic distribution, preponderance among farming population, similar histology findings and absence of usual risk factors for kidney disease indicate undetected nephrotoxic agents playing a role in causation...
June 30, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659131/childhood-pesticide-poisoning-in-zhejiang-china-a-retrospective-analysis-from-2006-to-2015
#7
Aziguli Yimaer, Guangdi Chen, Meibian Zhang, Lifang Zhou, Xinglin Fang, Wei Jiang
BACKGROUND: Pesticide poisoning in children has been a serious public health issue around the world, especially in the developing countries where agriculture is still one of the largest economic sectors. The purpose of this study was to analyze epidemiological characteristics of acute pesticide poisoning in children from Zhejiang province, China. METHODS: The pesticide poisoning cases for children were retrieved from Occupational Disease Surveillance and Reporting System, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China...
June 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656728/minimum-standards-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-occupational-and-work-related-skin-diseases-in-europe-position-paper-of-the-cost-action-standerm-td-1206
#8
J H Alfonso, A Bauer, L Bensefa-Colas, A Boman, M Bubas, L Constandt, M N Crepy, M Goncalo, J Macan, V Mahler, D Mijakoski, J M Ramada Rodilla, T Rustemeyer, P Spring, S M John, W Uter, M Wilkinson, A M Giménez-Arnau
BACKGROUND: Skin diseases constitute up to 40% of all notified occupational diseases in most European countries, predominantly comprising contact dermatitis, contact urticaria, and skin cancer. While insufficient prevention of work-related skin diseases (WRSD) is a top-priority problem in Europe, common standards for prevention of these conditions are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To develop common European standards on prevention and management of WRSD and occupational skin diseases (OSD)...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644057/the-implementation-of-medical-monitoring-programs-following-potentially-hazardous-exposures-a-medico-legal-perspective
#9
David Vearrier, Michael I Greenberg
CONTEXT: Clinical toxicologists may be called upon to determine the appropriateness of medical monitoring following documented or purported exposures to toxicants in the occupational, environmental, and medical settings. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database using the Ovid(®) search engine for the following terms cross-referenced to the MeSH database: ("occupational exposures" OR "environmental exposures") AND ("physiologic monitoring" OR "population surveillance")...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628050/arizona-hospital-discharge-and-emergency-department-database-implications-for-occupational-health-surveillance
#11
Philip Harber, Jennifer Ha, Matthew Roach
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the project was to identify trends in emergency department visits and inpatient admissions for occupational injury and disease frequency and describe the financial impact from specific clinical groups known to have occupational risk factors. METHODS: Workers compensation cases among 19 million records in the Arizona statewide hospital discharge database (HDD) were assessed for seven clinical groups from 2008 to 2014, including back, cardiac, carpal tunnel syndrome, heat-related, psychiatric, pulmonary, and trauma...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625623/mesothelioma-continues-to-increase-even-40-years-after-exposure-evidence-from-long-term-epidemiological-observation
#12
B Świątkowska, N Szeszenia-Dąbrowska
BACKGROUND: Because asbestos dust is considered one of the most dangerous types of dust for people's health, issues related to the effects of asbestos exposure still remain questions about the role of cessation of exposure. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the importance of temporal patterns, especially the time since the end of exposure in the risk of pleural mesothelioma. METHODS: A total of 131 patients with pleural mesothelioma and 655 frequency matched by gender and year of birth controls enrolled in the health surveillance programme for asbestos-related diseases over the years 2000-2014, were included in the analysis...
June 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614925/-investigation-on-standard-application-of-industrial-dust-hazard-classification
#13
Y Lu, M Zhang, W H Chen
Objective: To investigate the application and effectiveness evaluation of the standard of GBZ/T 229.1-2010 in practice, and to explore the applicability, aiming to provide technical evidence for the revision of GBZ/T 229.1-2010. Methods: There were 2 questionnaire surveys carried out in the study, including general survey and specific survey. Databases were established and data were input with Excel 2010 and Epidata version 3.1 software. SPSS version 19.0 software was used for data cleaning and statistical analysis...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#14
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515300/a-novel-a-h7n2-influenza-virus-isolated-from-a-veterinarian-caring-for-cats-in-a-new-york-city-animal-shelter-causes-mild-disease-and-transmits-poorly-in-the-ferret-model
#15
Jessica A Belser, Joanna A Pulit-Penaloza, Xiangjie Sun, Nicole Brock, Claudia Pappas, Hannah M Creager, Hui Zeng, Terrence M Tumpey, Taronna R Maines
In December 2016, a low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H7N2) virus was identified as the causative source of an outbreak in a cat shelter in New York City, which subsequently spread to multiple shelters in New York and Pennsylvania. One person with occupational exposure to infected cats became infected with the virus, representing the first LPAI H7N2 human infection in North America since 2003. Considering the close contact that frequently occurs between companion animals and humans, it was critical to assess the relative risk of this novel virus to public health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453114/-tuberculosis-caused-by-mycobacterium-bovis-in-workers-of-bovine-tuberculosis-sanitation-farms-in-antioquia-boyac%C3%A3-and-cundinamarca
#16
Andrés F Leal-Bohórquez, Claudia M Castro-Osorio, Luz M Wintaco-Martínez, Rafael Villalobos, Gloria M Puerto-Castro
Objective: To perform classic and molecular epidemiological surveillance of human tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis in bovine supply chains at farms with PPD positive bovines in the departments of Antioquia, Boyacá and Cundinamarca during a one-year period. Methods: Livestock farms with PPD positive bovines or buffalos were visited in the study departments according to information obtained in the "Programa Nacional de Tuberculosis bovina" (National program on bovine Tuberculosis) released by ICA (Colombian Agriculture and Livestock Institute)...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446739/suspected-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-sample-of-westerns-sicily-residents-what-correlation-with-occupation
#17
Maria Gabriella Verso, Fabrizio Vitale, Germano Castelli, Federica Bruno, Antonella Migliazzo, Maria Rita Bongiorno, Fiorella Santi, Giuseppe Pistone, Emanuele Amodio, Diego Picciotto
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a widespread infectious disease, but there is not much information about its prevalence in high risk occupational categories. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of Leishmania immunological positivity in human skin tissues collected from subjects living in Western Sicily, with suspected cutaneous Leishmania infection, in order to explore the risk possibly related to occupation. METHODS: 318 consecutive subjects (M/F ratio=1...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431005/occupational-asthma-caused-by-acrylic-compounds-from-shield-surveillance-1989-2014
#18
G I Walters, A S Robertson, V C Moore, P S Burge
Background: Acrylic monomers (acrylates), methacrylates and cyanoacrylates all cause asthma by respiratory sensitization. Occupational inhalation exposures occur across a variety of industries including health care and dental work, beauty, laboratory science, assembly and plastic moulding. Aims: To examine notifications of occupational asthma caused by acrylic compounds from a UK-based regional surveillance scheme, in order to highlight prevalent exposures and trends in presentation...
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408654/radiographic-disease-progression-in-contemporary-us-coal-miners-with-progressive-massive-fibrosis
#19
A Scott Laney, David John Blackley, Cara N Halldin
INTRODUCTION: Among contemporary US coal miners, there has been an increase in the prevalence and severity of pneumoconiosis, including its advanced form progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). We examine radiographic progression in Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) participants. METHODS: CWHSP participants with a final determination of PMF during 1 January 2000-1 October 2016 with at least one prior radiograph in the system were included. We characterised demographics, participation and progression patterns...
April 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399161/seroprevalence-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Peng Li, Zhen-Dong Tong, Ke-Feng Li, An Tang, Ya-Xin Dai, Jian-Bo Yan
OBJECTIVE: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel bunyavirus-SFTSV. The seroprevalence of anti-SFTSV antibodies including immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM), specific to SFTSV in the general population has been investigated in various epidemiological studies with inconsistent results. Here, we clarify this discrepancy and reach a more comprehensive result by mean of a meta-analysis. METHODS: All relevant articles were searched in the electronic databases (PubMed, Web of science, Embase, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, Chinese Wanfang database) up to November 2016...
2017: PloS One
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