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Occupational disease surveillance

Matthew Shortus, Jennie Musto, Hugo Bugoro, Charles Butafa, Alison Sio, Cynthia Joshua
PROBLEM: The close quartering and exposed living conditions in evacuation centres and the potential increase in vector density after flooding in Solomon Islands resulted in an increased risk of exposure for the occupants to vectorborne diseases. CONTEXT: In April 2014, Solomon Islands experienced a flash flooding event that affected many areas and displaced a large number of people. In the capital, Honiara, nearly 10 000 people were housed in emergency evacuation centres at the peak of the post-flood emergency...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Patricia L Schleiff, Jacek M Mazurek, Mary Jo Reilly, Kenneth D Rosenman, Martha B Yoder, Margaret E Lumia, Karen Worthington
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. This report summarizes information for cases of silicosis that were reported to CDC for 2003-2011 by Michigan and New Jersey, the only states that continue to provide data voluntarily to NIOSH. The data for this report were final as of January 8, 2015...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Walter A Alarcon
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and state health departments collect data on laboratory-reported adult blood lead levels (BLLs). This report presents data on elevated BLLs among employed adults (defined as persons aged ≥16 years) in the United States for 1994-2013. This report is a part of the Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks - United States, which encompasses various surveillance years but is being published in 2016 (1). The Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks appears in the same volume of the Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) as the annual Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases (2)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Gonza Namulanda, Michele M Monti, Prakash Mulay, Sheila Higgins, Michelle Lackovic, Abby Schwartz, Joanne Bonnar Prado, Justin Waltz, Yvette Mitchell, Geoffrey M Calvert
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collects data on acute pesticide-related illness and injury reported by 12 states (California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington). This report summarizes the data on illnesses and injuries arising from nonoccupational exposure to conventional pesticides that were reported during 2007-2011. Conventional pesticides include insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fumigants...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Geoffrey M Calvert, John Beckman, Joanne Bonnar Prado, Heidi Bojes, Abby Schwartz, Prakash Mulay, Kathy Leinenkugel, Sheila Higgins, Michelle Lackovic, Justin Waltz, Derry Stover, Stephanie Moraga-McHaley
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collects data on acute pesticide-related illness and injury reported by 12 states (California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Nebraska, North Carolina, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington). This report summarizes the data on illnesses and injuries arising from occupational exposure to conventional pesticides from 2007 through 2011. This report is a part of the Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks - United States, which encompasses various surveillance years but is being published in 2016 (1)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Nawal Al Shehhi, Faisal Aziz, Farida Al Hosani, Bashir Aden, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, human brucellosis remains an important and widespread infection. In the past, there were limited data on the occurrence of human brucellosis in the United Arab Emirates and the reported incidence appeared to be low compared with similar areas. In 2009, a new web-based infectious disease surveillance system was introduced in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. This paper reports data from this new system on human brucellosis for the 6 years 2010 to 2015. METHODS: A dataset was extracted for each case of human brucellosis reported to the notification system for the 6 year period January 2010 to December 2015...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Marie Delaunay, Vincent Godard, Mélina Le Barbier, Annabelle Gilg Soit Ilg, Cédric Aubert, Anne Maître, Damien Barbeau, Vincent Bonneterre
BACKGROUND: Although introduced nearly 40 years ago, Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have never been used to study Occupational Health information regarding the different types, scale or sources of data. The geographic distribution of occupational diseases and underlying work activities were always analyzed independently. Our aim was to consider the French Network of Occupational Disease (OD) clinics, namely the "French National OD Surveillance and Prevention Network" (rnv3p) as a spatial object in order to describe its catchment...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Health Geographics
Yves Roquelaure, Emilie Chazelle, Ludivine Gautier, Julie Plaine, Alexis Descatha, Bradley Evanoff, Julie Bodin, Natacha Fouquet, Buisson Catherine
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe time trends of incidence/prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders, in a French region over an 8-year period. METHODS: Three independent data sources were analyzed for the population of the Pays de la Loire region aged 20-59 between 2004 and 2011: hospital discharge records for "surgically treated CTS" (SURG-CTS), the social insurance data on "CTS compensated for as an occupational disease" (OD-CTS), and the regional surveillance program of "work-related diseases" (WRD-CTS)...
September 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Chung-Lin Hung, Po-Lan Su, Chih-Ying Ou
Occupational lung diseases are well recognized risk factors for tuberculosis (TB). However, little research investigated the effect of TB on the clinical course and outcome of occupational lung diseases.We conducted a 13-year observational study of a nationwide cohort to evaluate the risk and prognosis of TB among patients with occupational lung diseases in Taiwan.By using the Taiwan National Health Insurance database, occupational lung diseases cohort was identified according to diagnosis codes from 1998 to 2008 and prospectively monitored until the end of 2010, loss to follow-up, or death...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jutarat Rakprasit, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Ayako Morita
This study examines healthcare use in 2011 for communicable diseases among migrant workers compared with Thai workers in Thailand. The relative risks (RRs) of 14 communicable diseases (803,817 cases between ages 18 and 59) were calculated using the National Epidemiological Surveillance System, a nationwide hospital database. Regarding the migrant workers, 71.0% were Burmese and 17.3% were Cambodians. Significantly high comparative RRs for migrant workers were found for tuberculosis (TB) (male, RR=1.41; female, RR=2...
August 29, 2016: Industrial Health
(no author information available yet)
Workers' Memorial Day, observed annually on April 28, recognizes workers who suffered or died because of exposures to hazards at work. In 2014, 4,679 U.S. workers died from work-related injuries. Although deaths from work-related injuries are captured by surveillance systems, most deaths from work-related illness are not. In 2007, an estimated 53,445 deaths from work-related illness occurred. In 2014, employers reported approximately 3 million nonfatal injuries and illnesses to private industry workers and 722,000 to state and local government workers; an estimated 2...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Benedetta Persechino, Luca Fontana, Giuliana Buresti, Bruna Maria Rondinone, Patrizia Laurano, Marcello Imbriani, Sergio Iavicoli
OBJECTIVES: Occupational medicine is a discipline continually evolving in response to technological advances, changes in workplaces and production processes, emergence of new occupational risks and diseases and modifications in regulatory framework for occupational health and safety. Therefore, the recurrent revaluation of professional activity, information demands and education and training needs of occupational physicians is essential in order to identify methodologies and tools that may contribute to improvement of their professional knowledge and competency...
2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Q H Zhou, H J Yu, F Y Fu, H P Ye
OBJECTIVE: To investigate chromosome aberration and micronucleus frequency in peripheral blood lymphocytes in workers engaged in radiation for a long time, to reduce occupational hazard caused by ionizing radiation, and to further strengthen health surveillance. METHODS: A total of 366 members of medical staff engaged in radiation work who underwent physical examinations in Hangzhou Hospital of Prevention and Treatment of Occupation Diseases from 2014 to 2015 were enrolled as radiation group, consisting of staff engaged in X-ray diagnosis, diagnostic radiology, radiotherapy, and interventional radiology...
April 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Taylor M Shockey, Aaron L Sussell, Erika C Odom
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for one of every three deaths in the United States, making it the leading cause of mortality in the country (1). The American Heart Association established seven ideal cardiovascular health behaviors or modifiable factors to improve CVD outcomes in the United States. These cardiovascular health metrics (CHMs) are 1) not smoking, 2) being physically active, 3) having normal blood pressure, 4) having normal blood glucose, 5) being of normal weight, 6) having normal cholesterol levels, and 7) eating a healthy diet (2)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Paul Mehta, Wendy Kaye, Leah Bryan, Theodore Larson, Timothy Copeland, Jennifer Wu, Oleg Muravov, Kevin Horton
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive and fatal neuromuscular disease for which no cure or viable treatment has been identified. ALS, like most noncommunicable diseases, is not a nationally notifiable disease in the United States. The prevalence of ALS in the United States during 2010-2011 was estimated to be 3.9 cases per 100,000 persons in the general population. Updated prevalence estimates are needed to help monitor disease status, better understand etiology, and identify risk factors for ALS...
2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Juan C Díaz, Lucas A Johnson
A retrospective cohort study was conducted examining health care worker (HCW) compliance with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations following occupational bloodborne pathogen (BBP) exposure. HCWs with a BBP exposure from a known HIV- or hepatitis C virus-seropositive individual were less likely to complete recommended follow-up compared with HCWs with seronegative source patient exposures (adjusted odds ratio, 0.02 and 0.09, respectively). Continued targeted education and extra vigilance in performing postexposure surveillance are warranted in this higher-risk population...
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Leif E Peterson, Tatiana Kovyrshina
Background. The healthy worker effect (HWE) is a source of bias in occupational studies of mortality among workers caused by use of comparative disease rates based on public data, which include mortality of unhealthy members of the public who are screened out of the workplace. For the US astronaut corp, the HWE is assumed to be strong due to the rigorous medical selection and surveillance. This investigation focused on the effect of correcting for HWE on projected lifetime risk estimates for radiation-induced cancer mortality and incidence...
December 2015: Heliyon
Fernanda Craveiro Franco, Alessandro Arruda Alves, Fernanda Ribeiro Godoy, Juliana Boaventura Avelar, Douglas Dantas Rodrigues, Thays Millena Alves Pedroso, Aparecido Divino da Cruz, Fausto Nomura, Daniela de Melo E Silva
This is the first study demonstrating genotoxic effects and whole transcriptome analysis on community health agents (CHAs) occupationally exposed to pesticides in Central Brazil. For the transcriptome analysis, we found some genes related to Alzheimer's disease (LRP1), an insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF2R), immunity genes (IGL family and IGJ), two genes related to inflammatory reaction (CXCL5 and CCL3), one gene related to maintenance of cellular morphology (NHS), one gene considered to be a strong apoptosis inductor (LGALS14), and several transcripts of the neuroblastoma breakpoint family (NBPF)...
October 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
C Caruso, S Peletto, A Rosamilia, P Modesto, L Chiavacci, B Sona, F Balsamelli, V Ghisetti, P L Acutis, G Pezzoni, E Brocchi, N Vitale, L Masoero
An increase in autochthonous hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections has been recorded in Italy suspected to be zoonotically transmitted from pigs; this study was carried out to determinate the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with hepatitis HEV exposition, both in swine and humans working in pig farms, located within a high-density pig farming area in Piedmont region, north-western Italy. The presence of viral RNA in human and swine samples was also evaluated, and phylogenetic analysis was performed on HEV-positive samples...
July 5, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
André Sulen, Stein H L Lygre, Sigrun M Hjelle, Bjørg E Hollund, Bjørn T Gjertsen
Personalised health surveillance is infrequent or absent in occupational and environmental medicine. The shortage of functional tests in relevant cells and tissues greatly limits our understanding of environmental exposures and associated disease risk. We evaluated single cell signalling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 301 individuals in a cross sectional health survey 18 months after a chemical explosion of sulphorous coker gasoline. The accident created a malodourous environment leading to long-term health complaints...
2016: Scientific Reports
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